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Smokeless Tobacco Products

Smokeless Tobacco Products
Characteristics, Usage, Health Effects, and Regulatory Implications

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-01-23
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0128181591
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smokeless Tobacco Products: Characteristics, Usage, Health Effects, and Regulatory Implications, a title in the Emerging Issues in Analytical Chemistry series, presents an overview of research on the second most dangerous tobacco product. This book presents findings on public health risks emanating from the complex interaction between smokeless tobacco products and their users. It covers the key components of assessment and provides insight into scientific and public health considerations. The book does not take a simplistic condemnatory position, but rather conceptualizes tobacco use in terms of graduated public health danger and harm reduction. The book begins by introducing smokeless tobacco, its history of use, marketing, and implications for public health. It then continues with coverage of epidemiology, pathology and clinical implications, addiction, and treatment, and includes laboratory studies of human use. The following section explains the chemistry, biochemical mechanisms of carcinogenesis, and role of plant cultivation and manufacturing in toxicity. Finally, the book concludes by addressing regulatory considerations, the scientific basis of regulations, and the role of these products in harm reduction for smokers. This is the first resource of its kind to cover these topics together and in language appropriate to both specialists in the research community and informed persons responsible for legislative, funding, and public health matters in the community at large. Brings attention to smokeless tobacco product use and its association with addiction and disease Considers smokeless tobacco use historically and currently, as well as its place in a future harm-reduction conceptualization of tobacco Written by a distinguished, internationally recognized group of tobacco researchers from academia, independent research organizations, and the federal government with expertise in the many and various disciplines covered

Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States

Smokeless Tobacco Use in the United States
A Compilation of Papers on Recent Research and Discussion of Directions for Future Research

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Health Implications of Smokeless Tobacco Use

Health Implications of Smokeless Tobacco Use
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 6
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tobacco Legislation and the Food and Drug Administration and Smokeless Tobacco Issues in the Proposed Settlement

Tobacco Legislation and the Food and Drug Administration and Smokeless Tobacco Issues in the Proposed Settlement
Hearing Before the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, United States Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 17, 1998

by United States,United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tobacco Product Education and Health Protection Act of 1990

Tobacco Product Education and Health Protection Act of 1990
hearing before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, One Hundred First Congress, second session, on S. 1883 ....

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smokeless Tobacco in the Western World, 1550-1950

Smokeless Tobacco in the Western World, 1550-1950
A Book

by Jan Rogozinski,Jan Rogoziński

  • Publisher : Praeger Publishers
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 195
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides the first comprehensive history of smokeless tobacco consumption from 1550 through the middle of the 20th century in Europe and North America. Focusing throughout on the individual consumer of tobacco, author Jan Rogonzinski presents and analyzes consumption data and summarizes the economic and other factors that have affected consumer choices. Of particular significance is a chapter on the governmental regulation of the marketing of tobacco that indicates an economic linkage between the new and the old worlds in the use of state-granted monopolies to market tobacco in Europe. The only study to make use of existing primary sources on tobacco consumption, marketing, and regulation, this volume is both a major contribution to the historical literature and an objective and readable account of consumer attitudes toward a substance whose impact on society continues to stir frequent and heated debate. Following an introductory chapter that provides a broad historical overview of smokeless tobacco consumption, Rogonzinski presents a brief, nontechnical description of the tobacco plant and its many varieties. He then explains the manufacturing processes that have been associated with each type of tobacco use and traces the early history of these practices through an examination of the literary evidence. The chapter on governmental policies toward tobacco cultivation and marketing shows that, from the very beginning, governments have tried to control or influence the production, manufacture, pricing, and consumption of tobacco products--policies that have never been effective. The next group of chapters analyze the evolution of consumer tobacco preferences by nation and region and includes a separate chapter on smokeless tobacco in the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. A glossary, bibliography, and index complete the volume.

Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines

Smokeless Tobacco and Some Tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines
A Book

by IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans,World Health Organization,International Agency for Research on Cancer

  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 626
  • ISBN : 9283212894
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This eighty-ninth volume of the IARC Monographs is the third and last of a series on tobacco-related agents. Volume 83 reported on the carcinogenicity of tobacco smoke and involuntary smoking (second-hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke) (IARC 2004a). Volume 85 summarized the evidence on the carcinogenic risk of chewing betel quid with and without tobacco (IARC 2004b). That volume explored the variety of products chewed in South Asia and other parts of the word that contain areca nut in combination with other ingredients, often including tobacco. In this eighty-ninth volume, the carcinogenic risks associated with the use of smokeless tobacco, including chewing tobacco and snuff, are considered in a first monograph. The second monograph reviews some tobacco-specific nitrosamines. These agents were evaluated earlier in Volume 37 of the Monographs (IARC 1985) and information gathered since that time has been summarized and evaluated.

Manufacture of Pan Masala, Tobacco and Tobacco Products (Tobacco Cultivation, Chewing Tobacco, Cigarettes, Bidi, Cigars, Khaini, Zarda, Gutka, Katha, Mouth Freshner, Pan Chatni, Kimam, Sweet Supari, Nicotine Sulphate, USP Nicotine, Nicotine Tartarate, Nicotine, Polacrilex Resin)

Manufacture of Pan Masala, Tobacco and Tobacco Products (Tobacco Cultivation, Chewing Tobacco, Cigarettes, Bidi, Cigars, Khaini, Zarda, Gutka, Katha, Mouth Freshner, Pan Chatni, Kimam, Sweet Supari, Nicotine Sulphate, USP Nicotine, Nicotine Tartarate, Nicotine, Polacrilex Resin)
A Book

by NPCS Board of Food Technologists

  • Publisher : NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
  • Release : 2019-01-03
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 9381039917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tobacco comes from a leafy plant that tends to grow in warm tropical areas. It is famously grown all over the Caribbean, where the warm, sunny conditions make for a perfect growing climate. Tobacco is usually smoked as a nicotinic stimulant and is mostly processed, rolled and dried before being smoked. Different geographies produce different types of the plant. The taste and flavor of the leaves are the characteristic trademarks of different types. The process of curing also determines the type of tobacco. Tobacco products include cigarettes, cigars, loose pipe tobacco, chewing tobacco, and snuff. These products contain the dried, processed leaves of the tobacco plant nicotiana rustica or nicotiana tabacum. All tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive drug. Today’s tobacco also contains thousands of other chemicals designed to make the products more user-friendly and addictive. Nicotine is a nitrogen-based compound which dissolves in organic compounds. Tobacco leaves contain plenty of nicotine which evaporates on burning. This nitrogen-based compound is addictive in low amounts and toxic in high doses. Nicotine Sulfate is a potent pesticide, known for its high toxicity. A large proportion of Indian economy is agro based in which Tobacco is one of the principal cash crops. The tobacco production and its allied products’ sales in the country have played a prominent role in the development of nation’s economy. India is the largest tobacco market in the world in terms of tobacco consumption. The smokeless tobacco has historically been served as a tradition in India for many decades. Tobacco Waste or dust is generated at various stages of post-harvest processing of tobacco and also while manufacturing various tobacco products mainly during manufacture of tobacco products like cigarette and Beedi. The types of wastes generated during pre and post-harvest practice of tobacco include suckers, stems, mid ribs, leaf waste and dust. The main contents of the book are Tobacco Cultivation, Tobacco Diseases and Pests, Organic Tobacco Production, Chewing Tobacco, Cigarettes, Bidi, Cigars, Readymade Khaini, Chewing Tobacco (Khaini), Zarda, Gutka, Katha, Mouth Fresheners, Pan Chutney, Pan Masala, Kimam, Tobacco of Various Grade, Sweet Supari, Nicotine Sulphate, USP Nicotine, Nicotine Tartarate, Nicotine Polacrilex Resin, Smokeless Tobacco (SLT), Hookah, Tobacco Products Manufacturing Processes, E-Liquid (Main Chemicals, Compounds, Components), Additives in Tobacco Products, Additives Products, Packaging & Labeling (Design Trends & Technologies), Plastics in Food Packaging, Packaging Laws and Regulations and Photographs of Machinery with Supplier’s Contact Details. This book will be a mile stone for its readers who are new to this sector, will also find useful for professionals, entrepreneurs, those studying and researching in this important area.

Smokeless Tobacco

Smokeless Tobacco
Health Effects, Statistics, and State and Federal Activity

by Robert L. Bayless

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 14
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smokeless Tobacco Control

Smokeless Tobacco Control
Report of a WHO Study Group

by WHO Study Group on Smokeless Tobacco Control

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 81
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study group concluded that: (1) the use of smokeless tobacco caused cancer in humans, the evidence for causality being strongest for cancers of the oral cavity; (2) there was some evidence that the habit also increased the risk of cancer of the nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, pancreas, and urinary tract; and (3) laboratory studies clearly supported the observation that smokeless tobacco use caused a number of precancerous oral lesions and non-cancerous oral conditions, such as gingival recession. The group considered that, although the evidence relating smokeless tobacco use to other diseases was less conclusive, it might contribute to or support the pathogenesis of coronary artery and peripheral vascular diseases, hypertension, peptic ulcers, and fetal toxicity.

Acceptability of Female Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in Bangladesh and India

Acceptability of Female Smoking and Smokeless Tobacco Use in Bangladesh and India
A Book

by Genevieve Christine Sansone,University of Waterloo. Department of Psychology

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Background: Smokeless tobacco has a long history in Bangladesh and India, where it has become normalized as a socially acceptable behaviour, but the same level of social acceptance does not apply to smoking, especially among females. As a result, there is a large gender gap in smoking rates but the gender difference in smokeless tobacco use is much narrower or even in the opposite direction. Explanations for the higher prevalence and social acceptability of female smokeless tobacco use in this region range from cultural factors to tobacco industry practices and tobacco control policies. Objectives: This study aims to examine acceptability of female smoking and smokeless tobacco use in Bangladesh and India, and to identify factors that might distinguish female tobacco use from male tobacco use and influence behavior such as quitting, including different types of social norms (descriptive and injunctive), beliefs about tobacco, and awareness of tobacco control policies. Methods: Data are from the International Tobacco Control (ITC) Policy Evaluation Project in India and Bangladesh, longitudinal cohort surveys of tobacco users and non users conducted using face-to-face interviews. This dissertation uses data from Wave 1 of the TCP India Project (2010-2011; N=10,585) and Waves 2-3 of the ITC Bangladesh Project (2010, N=4,379; and 2011-2012, N=4,225). Respondents were categorized as either smokers (of cigarettes and/or bidis), smokeless tobacco users, mixed users (currently smoke and use smokeless tobacco), or non users of tobacco. The primary measures of interest for this study were behaviours relevant to quitting (quit intentions and quit attempts), perceived social acceptability of tobacco use in general and of female tobacco use in particular, awareness of selected tobacco control policies, and sociodemographics. Results: While rates of female tobacco use were low in each country, females were much more likely to use smokeless tobacco than to smoke, compared to males. In both countries, smokeless tobacco was perceived to be more acceptable than smoking, especially for females. Social acceptability measures were predicted by a few of the measures of awareness of tobacco control policies, including warning labels and smoke-free laws. The majority of respondents were aware that any form of tobacco use is harmful and is not an acceptable behaviour overall, indicating a negative injunctive norm; however, people who use either smoked or smokeless tobacco were more likely to say that their own product is socially acceptable, a sign of justification effects. This effect was strongest for female smokers - only 75-83% said it is not acceptable for females to smoke, compared to 93-97% of male smokers. The influence of descriptive norms on behaviour was seen from the finding that tobacco users were more likely to have friends and parents who shared the same habit. However, most tobacco users also said close others disapproved of their habit, creating a negative subjective norm that may be stronger for females. Very few tobacco users expressed a desire to quit, and a minority had made a quit attempt by Wave 3 in Bangladesh. Social acceptability predicted quit intentions only for smokers in Bangladesh: smokers who perceived greater society disapproval of smoking were more likely to intend to quit. Conclusions: Most research on smoking has focused on men and specifically on the harms of cigarettes; less attention has been paid to other tobacco products or the factors explaining their use, specifically for female tobacco users. It is important to study patterns of tobacco use among females in countries such as Bangladesh and India in order to reduce health risks and improve cessation rates for women who currently use smokeless tobacco, while at the same time preventing more women in these countries from taking up smoking. A better understanding of the ways that social norms influence tobacco use behaviour and quitting can have a valuable impact on designing and implementing more effective tobacco control strategies and health interventions in these countries and other LMICS.

For Smokers Only

For Smokers Only
How Smokeless Tobacco Can Save Your Life

by MD Brad Rodu,Dds Brad Rodu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-03-01
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 9781939104304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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If you smoke and are unable or unwilling to quit, this approach can save your life. The book, For Smokers Only: How Smokeless Tobacco Can Save Your Life, provides concrete facts and valuable advice on a revolutionary quit-smoking strategy that is based on scientific research and common sense. Itis written by Dr. Brad Rodu, a leading authority on tobacco harm reduction, and a professor and senior scientist at the University of Alabama/Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center. Dr. Roduis stop-smoking strategy is based on three simple facts: 1. Smokers are addicted to nicotine, but nicotine does not cause cancer, heart attacks or emphysema. Those illnesses are caused by the other 3000 products of tobacco combustion. 2. Smokeless tobacco satisfies nicotine craving, but smokeless is 98% safer than smoking. 3. Todayis smokeless, spitless tobacco products can be used invisibly anytime, anywhere, much like a breath mint. "Please surf this site for lots of useful, factual information that can save your life, and the lives of your friends and loved ones." -- Dr. Brad Rodu"

The Scientific Basis of Tobacco Product Regulation

The Scientific Basis of Tobacco Product Regulation
Second Report of a WHO Study Group

by World Health Organization

  • Publisher : World Health Organization
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 9241209518
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report makes available the findings of an international group of experts that provide WHO with the latest scientific and technical advice in the area of product regulation. This second report presents policy recommendations on the topics of: smokeless tobacco products and their health effects, and implications for harm reduction and research needs; "fire safer" cigarettes and approaches to reduced ignition propensity; mandated lowering of toxicants in cigarette smoke, such as tobacco specific nitrosamines and other constituents; and, cigarette machine smoking regimens. The Study Group intends this new set of recommendations to be useful to WHO Member States, and national policymakers and regulators in shaping tobacco control policy.

Southern Economic Journal

Southern Economic Journal
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oregon Revised Statutes

Oregon Revised Statutes
A Book

by Oregon

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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World Cancer Report 2008

World Cancer Report 2008
A Book

by International Agency for Research on Cancer

  • Publisher : International Agency for Research on Cancer
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 510
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"The World Cancer Report 2008" provides a comprehensive overview of cancer for all those working in the field of health-care and research, and the general reader as well. It presents information on cancer patterns, diagnosis, causes and prevention concisely, clearly outlining the growing public health crisis. Simultaneously, there is a clear message of hope: although cancer is a great and growing devastating disease, it is largely preventable.

Proceedings of the House of Delegates

Proceedings of the House of Delegates
Interim Meeting

by American Medical Association,American Medical Association. House of Delegates

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientific Methods to Evaluate Potential Reduced-risk Tobacco Products

Scientific Methods to Evaluate Potential Reduced-risk Tobacco Products
A Book

by Catherine St. Hilaire

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A new study from the Life Sciences Research Office, Inc. (LSRO), Scientific Methods to Evaluate Potential Reduced-Risk Tobacco Products, outlines laboratory and clinical testing approaches for the assessment of tobacco products with the potential to reduce the risks of cigarette smoking for individuals who switch from cigarettes to these products. This report and the scientific evaluation approach outlined by LSRO will be of interest to a number of audiences including academic, government and industry researchers; tobacco control and public health organizations; agencies with regulatory oversight of tobacco products, such as the Federal Trade Commission; as well as individuals involved in the development of legislation providing regulatory authority over tobacco products to public health organizations, such as the Food and Drug Administration, and agency staff. The report will also be of interest to current smokers (and their friends and family) who are unable or unwilling to quit smoking but are interested in reducing their risks due to smoking. This report was produced under a contract between Philip Morris USA, Inc. (Philip Morris) and LSRO. Findings, conclusions, and recommendations were developed independently of Philip Morris and represent the views of LSRO. - Publishers website.

American Journal of Public Health

American Journal of Public Health
JPH

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Policy Reference Guide

Policy Reference Guide
A Comprehensive Guide to AAP Policy Statements Published Through June 1988

by American Academy of Pediatrics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 655
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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