Download Solar Cells and Light Management Ebook PDF

Solar Cells and Light Management

Solar Cells and Light Management
Materials, Strategies and Sustainability

by Francesco Enrichi,Giancarlo Righini

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-10-29
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 0081028733
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Cells and Light Management: Materials, Strategies and Sustainability provides an extensive review on the latest advances in PV materials, along with light management strategies for better exploiting the solar spectrum. Following a brief review of the current status of solar cells, the book discusses different concepts, principles and technologies for solar devices, starting with standard silicon cells and then covering organic-hybrid, DSSC, perovskite, quantum dots and nanostructured oxide solar cells. Other sections focus on light manipulation and spectral modification, materials for spectral conversion, and environmental and sustainably considerations. An emergy analysis, which is an extension of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology, is applied to the study of solar PV systems, thus allowing for effective integrated indicators. Provides a comprehensive picture of light management strategies Features the most recent advances in the field, including novel materials and advanced solar cell technologies Presents a resource that is applicable to both new or experienced researchers in the field Contains a section on environmental and sustainability issues

Solar Cells and Light Management

Solar Cells and Light Management
Materials, Strategies and Sustainability

by Francesco Enrichi,Giancarlo C. Righini

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-10
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9780081027622
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar Cells and Light Management: Materials, Strategies and Sustainability provides an extensive review on the latest advances in PV materials, along with light management strategies for better exploiting the solar spectrum. Following a brief review of the current status of solar cells, the book discusses different concepts, principles and technologies for solar devices, starting with standard silicon cells and then covering organic-hybrid, DSSC, perovskite, quantum dots and nanostructured oxide solar cells. Other sections focus on light manipulation and spectral modification, materials for spectral conversion, and environmental and sustainably considerations. An emergy analysis, which is an extension of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology, is applied to the study of solar PV systems, thus allowing for effective integrated indicators. Provides a comprehensive picture of light management strategies Features the most recent advances in the field, including novel materials and advanced solar cell technologies Presents a resource that is applicable to both new or experienced researchers in the field Contains a section on environmental and sustainability issues

Photon Management in Solar Cells

Photon Management in Solar Cells
A Book

by Ralf B. Wehrspohn,Uwe Rau,Andreas Gombert

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-06-08
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN : 3527411755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Written by renowned experts in the field of photon management in solar cells, this one-stop reference gives an introduction to the physics of light management in solar cells, and discusses the different concepts and methods of applying photon management. The authors cover the physics, principles, concepts, technologies, and methods used, explaining how to increase the efficiency of solar cells by splitting or modifying the solar spectrum before they absorb the sunlight. In so doing, they present novel concepts and materials allowing for the cheaper, more flexible manufacture of solar cells and systems. For educational purposes, the authors have split the reasons for photon management into spatial and spectral light management. Bridging the gap between the photonics and the photovoltaics communities, this is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, physicists in industry, experimental physicists, lecturers in physics, Ph.D. students in physics and material sciences, engineers in power technology, applied and surface physicists.

Fabrication and Light Management of Microscale Solar Cells

Fabrication and Light Management of Microscale Solar Cells
A Book

by Yuan Yao

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Light Management by Intermediate Reflectors in Silicon-based Tandem Solar Cells

Light Management by Intermediate Reflectors in Silicon-based Tandem Solar Cells
A Book

by André Hoffmann

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Photovoltaic Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Energy
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Ang?le Reinders,Pierre Verlinden,Alexandre Freundlich

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-02-06
  • Pages : 718
  • ISBN : 111892746X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar PV is now the third most important renewable energy source, after hydro and wind power, in terms of global installed capacity. Bringing together the expertise of international PV specialists Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of existing PV technologies in conjunction with an assessment of technological developments. Key features: Written by leading specialists active in concurrent developments in material sciences, solar cell research and application-driven R&D. Provides a basic knowledge base in light, photons and solar irradiance and basic functional principles of PV. Covers characterization techniques, economics and applications of PV such as silicon, thin-film and hybrid solar cells. Presents a compendium of PV technologies including: crystalline silicon technologies; chalcogenide thin film solar cells; thin-film silicon based PV technologies; organic PV and III-Vs; PV concentrator technologies; space technologies and economics, life-cycle and user aspects of PV technologies. Each chapter presents basic principles and formulas as well as major technological developments in a contemporary context with a look at future developments in this rapidly changing field of science and engineering. Ideal for industrial engineers and scientists beginning careers in PV as well as graduate students undertaking PV research and high-level undergraduate students.

Advances in Silicon Solar Cells

Advances in Silicon Solar Cells
A Book

by Shadia Ikhmayies

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-01-10
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 331969703X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides a review of all types of silicon solar cells. The scope includes monocrocrystalline Si solar cells, polycrystalline and amorphous thin-film silicon solar cells, and tandem solar cells. Production, treatment and development of these devices are reviewed. Limitations of these devices, design optimization, testing and fabrication methods are covered. In addition, current status and future prospects for the further development of silicon solar cells are addressed. Special emphasis is given to methods of attaining high efficiency and thereby cost-effective solar power. The aim of the book is to provide the reader with a complete overview about the recent advances in the structure and technology of all generations of silicon solar cells.

Next Generation of Photovoltaics

Next Generation of Photovoltaics
New Concepts

by Ana Cristobal,Antonio Martí Vega,Antonio Luque López

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2012-02-14
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 3642233694
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book presents new concepts for a next generation of PV. Among these concepts are: Multijunction solar cells, multiple excitation solar cells (or how to take benefit of high energy photons for the creation of more than one electron hole-pair), intermediate band solar cells (or how to take advantage of below band-gap energy photons) and related technologies (for quantum dots, nitrides, thin films), advanced light management approaches (plasmonics). Written by world-class experts in next generation photovoltaics this book is an essential reference guide accessible to both beginners and experts working with solar cell technology. The book deeply analyzes the current state-of-the-art of the new photovoltaic approaches and outlines the implementation paths of these advanced devices. Topics addressed range from the fundamentals to the description of state-of-the-art of the new types of solar cells.

Advanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics

Advanced Micro- and Nanomaterials for Photovoltaics
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-25
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0128145021
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Nanomaterials are becoming increasingly important photovoltaic technologies from absorbers to contacts. This book is dedicated to describing the novel materials and technologies for photovoltaics that derive from these new and novel approaches in solar technologies. We have collected a set of renowned experts in their respective fields as authors and their expertise covers a broad set of areas including novel oxides, quantum dots, CZTS and organic solar cells, as well as light management and reliability testing. The organization of the book is divided into three sections; the first part deals with emerging photovoltaic absorbers and absorber approaches, the second part is focused on novel solar cell architectures and device concepts and components; and the last part is focused on their integration into module technologies. The first chapter is an introduction to the basics of solar cells technology facilitating an understanding by the non-expert of the following chapters. The book is intended for academics and professionals, at the research and R&D level in materials and devices, who are looking for opportunities for applications in the solar materials, devices and modules areas. Hopefully it will serve as a reference for students and professionals looking into the potential and development of novel photovoltaic technologies, researchers looking into the development of innovative projects, and teachers in the field of energy and sustainability. Showcases a range of cutting-edge photovoltaic materials and devices, exploring their special properties and how they are best used Assesses the challenges of fabricating solar cell devices using nanotechnology Explores how producing cheaper modules, increasing reliability and increasing efficiency have led to new applications for photovoltaic devices

Optical Modeling and Simulation of Thin-Film Photovoltaic Devices

Optical Modeling and Simulation of Thin-Film Photovoltaic Devices
A Book

by Janez Krc,Marko Topic

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1439818509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In wafer-based and thin-film photovoltaic (PV) devices, the management of light is a crucial aspect of optimization since trapping sunlight in active parts of PV devices is essential for efficient energy conversions. Optical modeling and simulation enable efficient analysis and optimization of the optical situation in optoelectronic and PV devices. Optical Modeling and Simulation of Thin-Film Photovoltaic Devices provides readers with a thorough guide to performing optical modeling and simulations of thin-film solar cells and PV modules. It offers insight on examples of existing optical models, demonstrates the applicability of optical modeling, and presents concrete directions and solutions for improving the devices. Along with giving practical hints, the book highlights significant research, development, and production in the field. It covers numerous approaches of one-, two-, and three-dimensional optical modeling, including one-dimensional semi-coherent modeling and two-dimensional modeling based on the finite element method (FEM). Many practical examples illustrate the use of simulations with the developed models, helping readers better understand and develop their own models as well as appreciate innovative concepts in light management in thin-film PV devices.

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century 5

Photovoltaics for the 21st Century 5
A Book

by M. Tao

  • Publisher : The Electrochemical Society
  • Release : 2010-02
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN : 1566777828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This is the Proceedings of ECS Symposium on Photovoltaics for the 21st Century, held in October 2009 in Vienna. The Symposium received over 50 invited and contributed papers. These papers cover major solar cell technologies, from silicon to thin films to 3rd-generation. Material synthesis and characterization, cell fabrication, and device physics and testing for various solar cell technologies are reported.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Fundamentals, Devices, and Upscaling

by Barry P. Rand,Henning Richter

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-08-26
  • Pages : 810
  • ISBN : 9814463663
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Organic photovoltaic (OPV) cells have the potential to make a significant contribution to the increasing energy needs of the future. In this book, 15 chapters written by selected experts explore the required characteristics of components present in an OPV device, such as transparent electrodes, electron- and hole-conducting layers, as well as electron donor and acceptor materials. Design, preparation, and evaluation of these materials targeting highest performance are discussed. This includes contributions on modeling down to the molecular level to device-level electrical and optical testing and modeling, as well as layer morphology control and characterization. The integration of the different components in device architectures suitable for mass production is described. Finally, the technical feasibility and economic viability of large-scale manufacturing using fast inexpensive roll-to-roll deposition technologies is assessed.

Photovoltaic Solar Energy

Photovoltaic Solar Energy
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Angèle Reinders,Pierre Verlinden,Wilfried van Sark,Alexandre Freundlich

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-01-03
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 1118927478
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solar PV is now the third most important renewable energy source, after hydro and wind power, in terms of global installed capacity. Bringing together the expertise of international PV specialists Photovoltaic Solar Energy: From Fundamentals to Applications provides a comprehensive and up-to-date account of existing PV technologies in conjunction with an assessment of technological developments. Key features: Written by leading specialists active in concurrent developments in material sciences, solar cell research and application-driven R&D. Provides a basic knowledge base in light, photons and solar irradiance and basic functional principles of PV. Covers characterization techniques, economics and applications of PV such as silicon, thin-film and hybrid solar cells. Presents a compendium of PV technologies including: crystalline silicon technologies; chalcogenide thin film solar cells; thin-film silicon based PV technologies; organic PV and III-Vs; PV concentrator technologies; space technologies and economics, life-cycle and user aspects of PV technologies. Each chapter presents basic principles and formulas as well as major technological developments in a contemporary context with a look at future developments in this rapidly changing field of science and engineering. Ideal for industrial engineers and scientists beginning careers in PV as well as graduate students undertaking PV research and high-level undergraduate students.

Tailor-made Light Management Textures for Liquid Phase Crystallized Silicon Solar Cells

Tailor-made Light Management Textures for Liquid Phase Crystallized Silicon Solar Cells
Technological and Device Considerations

by David Eisenhauer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells

Copper Zinc Tin Sulfide-Based Thin-Film Solar Cells
A Book

by Kentaro Ito

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-12-11
  • Pages : 440
  • ISBN : 1118437853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Beginning with an overview and historical background of Copper Zinc Tin Sulphide (CZTS) technology, subsequent chapters cover properties of CZTS thin films, different preparation methods of CZTS thin films, a comparative study of CZTS and CIGS solar cell, computational approach, and future applications of CZTS thin film solar modules to both ground-mount and rooftop installation. The semiconducting compound (CZTS) is made up earth-abundant, low-cost and non-toxic elements, which make it an ideal candidate to replace Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) and CdTe solar cells which face material scarcity and toxicity issues. The device performance of CZTS-based thin film solar cells has been steadily improving over the past 20 years, and they have now reached near commercial efficiency levels (10%). These achievements prove that CZTS-based solar cells have the potential to be used for large-scale deployment of photovoltaics. With contributions from leading researchers from academia and industry, many of these authors have contributed to the improvement of its efficiency, and have rich experience in preparing a variety of semiconducting thin films for solar cells.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells
A Book

by Jenny Nelson

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
  • Release : 2003-01-01
  • Pages : 363
  • ISBN : 9781860943492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

An introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It covers the fundamental principles of semiconductor physics and simple models used to describe solar cell operation. It presents theoretical approaches to efficient solar cell design and examines the main practical types of solar cell

Three-Dimensional Nanoarchitectures

Three-Dimensional Nanoarchitectures
Designing Next-Generation Devices

by Weilie Zhou,Zhong Lin Wang

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-08-04
  • Pages : 538
  • ISBN : 9781441998224
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Devices built from three-dimensional nanoarchitectures offer a number of advantages over those based on thin-film technology, such as larger surface area to enhance the sensitivity of sensors, to collect more sunlight to improve the efficiency of solar cells, and to supply higher density emitters for increased resolution in flat panel displays. Three-dimensional nanoscale assembly has already been used to generate many prototypes of devices and sensors, including piezoelectric nanogenerators based on ZnO nanowire arrays, photovoltaic devices based on silicon nanowire array p-n junctions, and highly sensitive gas sensors based on metal oxide nanowire arrays among others. Three-Dimensional Nanoarchitectures: Designing Next-Generation Devices describes state-of-the-art synthesis, integration, and design strategies used to create three-dimensional nanoarchitectures for functional nanodevice applications. With a focus on synthesis and fabrication methods for three-dimensional nanostructure assembly and construction, coverage includes resonators, nanophotonics, sensors, supercapacitors, solar cells, and more. This book is an essential reference for a broad audience of researchers in materials science, chemistry, physics, and electrical engineering who want the latest information on synthesis routes and assembly methods. Schematics of device integration and mechanisms as well as plots of measurement data are included.

Pear Production and Handling Manual

Pear Production and Handling Manual
A Book

by Elizabeth J. Mitcham,Rachel B. Elkins

  • Publisher : UCANR Publications
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 215
  • ISBN : 1879906651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes
A Book

by Feng Gao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-04-10
  • Pages : 549
  • ISBN : 0128136480
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Advanced Nanomaterials for Solar Cells and Light Emitting Diodes discusses the importance of nanomaterials as the active layers in solar cells and light emitting diodes (LEDs), along with the progress of nanomaterials as the electron and hole transporting layers. Specifically, the book reviews the use of nano-morphology of polymers, small molecules, and the organic-inorganic perovskites as the active layers in solar cells and LEDs. The design, fabrication and properties of metal-oxide-based nano-structures as electron and hole transporting layers are also reviewed. In addition, the development of plasmonic nanomaterials for solar cells and LEDs is discussed. Each topic in this book includes an overview of the materials system from principles to process. The advantages, disadvantages and related methodologies are highlighted. The book includes applications based on materials and emphasize how to improve the performance of solar cells and LEDs by the materials design, with a focus on nanomaterials. Provides latest research on nanostructured materials including small molecules, polymers, organic-inorganic perovskites, and many other relevant materials systems for solar cells and LEDs Addresses each promising materials system from principles to process, detailing the advantages and disadvantages of the most relevant methods of processing and fabrication Looks ahead to most likely techniques to improve performance of solar cells and light emitting diodes

Micro and Nanophotonics for Semiconductor Infrared Detectors

Micro and Nanophotonics for Semiconductor Infrared Detectors
Towards an Ultimate Uncooled Device

by Zoran Jakšić

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-09-25
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 3319096745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The advent of microelectromechanic system (MEMS) technologies and nanotechnologies has resulted in a multitude of structures and devices with ultra compact dimensions and with vastly enhanced or even completely novel properties. In the field of photonics it resulted in the appearance of new paradigms, including photonic crystals that exhibit photonic bandgap and represent an optical analog of semiconductors and metamaterials that have subwavelength features and may have almost arbitrary values of effective refractive index, including those below zero. In addition to that, a whole new field of plasmonics appeared, dedicated to the manipulation with evanescent, surface-bound electromagnetic waves and offering an opportunity to merge nanoelectronics with all-optical circuitry. In the field of infrared technologies MEMS and nanotechnologies ensured the appearance of a new generation of silicon-based thermal detectors with properties vastly surpassing the conventional thermal devices. However, another family of infrared detectors, photonic devices based on narrow-bandgap semiconductors, has traditionally been superior to thermal detectors. Literature about their micro and nanophotonic enhancement has been scarce and scattered through journals. This book offers the first systematic approach to numerous different MEMS and nanotechnology-based methods available for the improvement of photonic infrared detectors and points out to a path towards uncooled operation with the performance of cryogenically cooled devices. It is shown that a vast area for enhancement does exists and that photonic devices can readily keep their leading position in infrared detection. The various methods and approaches described in the book are also directly applicable to different other types of photodetectors like solar cells, often with little or no modification.