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Thin-Film Solar Cells

Thin-Film Solar Cells
Next Generation Photovoltaics and Its Applications

by Yoshihiro Hamakawa

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-10-23
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9783540439455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first comprehensive book on thin-film solar cells, potentially a key technology for solving the energy production problem in the 21st century in an environmentally friendly way. It covers a wide range of scientific and technological aspects of thin film semiconductors - deposition technologies, growth mechanisms and the basic properties of amorphous and nano-crystalline silicon - as well as the optimum design theory and device physics of high-efficiency solar cells, especially of single-junction and multi-junction solar cells. The development of large-area solar cell modules using single and multi-junction solar cells is also considered. Examples of recent photovoltaic systems are presented and analysed.

Physics of Solar Cells

Physics of Solar Cells
From Basic Principles to Advanced Concepts

by Peter W?rfel,Uli W?rfel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-09-13
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 352741312X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The new edition of this highly regarded textbook provides a detailed overview of the most important characterization techniques for solar cells and a discussion of their advantages and disadvantages. It describes in detail all aspects of solar cell function, the physics behind every single step, as well as all the issues to be considered when improving solar cells and their efficiency. The text is now complete with examples of how the appropriate characterization techniques enable the distinction between several potential limitation factors, describing how quantities that have been introduced theoretically in earlier chapters become experimentally accessible. With exercises after each chapter to reinforce the newly acquired knowledge and requiring no more than standard physics knowledge, this book enables students and professionals to understand the factors driving conversion efficiency and to apply this to their own solar cell development.

Solar Cells and Energy Materials

Solar Cells and Energy Materials
A Book

by Takeo Oku

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2017-01-01
  • Pages : 243
  • ISBN : 3110298503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers an introduction to solar cells and energy materials including new materials based on organics, nanostructures and novel inorganics and developments in more traditional photovoltaic materials.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells
A Book

by Jenny Nelson

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2003-05-09
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1848168233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the physics of the photovoltaic cell. It is suitable for undergraduates, graduate students, and researchers new to the field. It covers: basic physics of semiconductors in photovoltaic devices; physical models of solar cell operation; characteristics and design of common types of solar cell; and approaches to increasing solar cell efficiency. The text explains the terms and concepts of solar cell device physics and shows the reader how to formulate and solve relevant physical problems. Exercises and worked solutions are included.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Materials and Device Physics

by Wallace C.H. Choy

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-11-19
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 1447148231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Organic solar cells have emerged as new promising photovoltaic devices due to their potential applications in large area, printable and flexible solar panels. Organic Solar Cells: Materials and Device Physics offers an updated review on the topics covering the synthesis, properties and applications of new materials for various critical roles in devices from electrodes, interface and carrier transport materials, to the active layer composed of donors and acceptors. Addressing the important device physics issues of carrier and exciton dynamics and interface stability and novel light trapping structures, the potential for hybrid organic solar cells to provide high efficiency solar cells is examined and discussed in detail. Specific chapters covers key areas including: Latest research and designs for highly effective polymer donors/acceptors and interface materials Synthesis and application of highly transparent and conductive graphene Exciton and charge dynamics for in-depth understanding of the mechanism underlying organic solar cells. New potentials and emerging functionalities of plasmonic effects in OSCs Interface Degradation Mechanisms in organic photovoltaics improving the entire device lifetime Device architecture and operation mechanism of organic/ inorganic hybrid solar cells for next generation of high performance photovoltaics This reference can be practically and theoretically applied by senior undergraduates, postgraduates, engineers, scientists, researchers, and project managers with some fundamental knowledge in organic and inorganic semiconductor materials or devices.

Development of Solar Cells

Development of Solar Cells
Theory and Experiment

by Juganta K. Roy,Supratik Kar,Jerzy Leszczynski

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-06-16
  • Pages : 235
  • ISBN : 9783030694449
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a comprehensive overview of the fundamental concept, design, working protocols, and diverse photo-chemicals aspects of different solar cell systems with promising prospects, using computational and experimental techniques. It presents and demonstrates the art of designing and developing various solar cell systems through practical examples. Compared to most existing books in the market, which usually analyze existing solar cell approaches this volume provides a more comprehensive view on the field. Thus, it offers an in-depth discussion of the basic concepts of solar cell design and their development, leading to higher power conversion efficiencies. The book will appeal to readers who are interested in both fundamental and application-oriented research while it will also be an excellent tool for graduates, researchers, and professionals working in the field of photovoltaics and solar cell systems.

Dye-sensitized Solar Cells

Dye-sensitized Solar Cells
A Book

by K. Kalyanasundaram

  • Publisher : EPFL Press
  • Release : 2010-08-03
  • Pages : 604
  • ISBN : 9781439808665
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) is a photovoltaic converter that mimics natural photosynthesis. Like green plants and algae it uses a molecular absorber, the dye, to harvest sunlight and generate electric charges. Dye-sensitized solar cells are poised to replace existing technologies in «low density» solar-energy applications, especially in contexts where mechanical robustness and light weight is required. This book offers the first comprehensive look at this promising technology and aims to provide a graduate level text that brings together the fundamentals of DSC from three perspectives (materials, performance, and mechanistic aspects), as well as to serve as an advanced monograph that summarizes the key advances and lists the technical challenges remaining to be solved.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Materials, Devices, Interfaces, and Modeling

by Qiquan Qiao

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 1351831216
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current energy consumption mainly depends on fossil fuels that are limited and can cause environmental issues such as greenhouse gas emissions and global warming. These factors have stimulated the search for alternate, clean, and renewable energy sources. Solar cells are some of the most promising clean and readily available energy sources. Plus, the successful utilization of solar energy can help reduce the dependence on fossil fuels. Recently, organic solar cells have gained extensive attention as a next-generation photovoltaic technology due to their light weight, mechanical flexibility, and solution-based cost-effective processing. Organic Solar Cells: Materials, Devices, Interfaces, and Modeling provides an in-depth understanding of the current state of the art of organic solar cell technology. Encompassing the full spectrum of organic solar cell materials, modeling and simulation, and device physics and engineering, this comprehensive text: Discusses active layer, interfacial, and transparent electrode materials Explains how to relate synthesis parameters to morphology of the photoactive layer using molecular dynamics simulations Offers insight into coupling morphology and interfaces with charge transport in organic solar cells Explores photoexcited carrier dynamics, defect states, interface engineering, and nanophase separation Covers inorganic–organic hybrids, tandem structure, and graphene-based polymer solar cells Organic Solar Cells: Materials, Devices, Interfaces, and Modeling makes an ideal reference for scientists and engineers as well as researchers and students entering the field from broad disciplines including chemistry, material science and engineering, physics, nanotechnology, nanoscience, and electrical engineering.

Thin Film Solar Cells

Thin Film Solar Cells
Fabrication, Characterization and Applications

by Jef Poortmans,Vladimir Arkhipov

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-10-16
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 0470091266
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thin-film solar cells are either emerging or about to emerge from the research laboratory to become commercially available devices finding practical various applications. Currently no textbook outlining the basic theoretical background, methods of fabrication and applications currently exist. Thus, this book aims to present for the first time an in-depth overview of this topic covering a broad range of thin-film solar cell technologies including both organic and inorganic materials, presented in a systematic fashion, by the scientific leaders in the respective domains. It covers a broad range of related topics, from physical principles to design, fabrication, characterization, and applications of novel photovoltaic devices.

Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells

Crystalline Silicon Solar Cells
Carbon to Silicon — A Paradigm Shift in Electricity Generation, Volume 1

by Saleem Hussain Zaidi

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-08-02
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 3030733793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on crystalline silicon solar cell science and technology. It is written from the perspective of an experimentalist with extensive hands-on experience in modeling, fabrication, and characterization. A practical approach to solar cell fabrication is presented in terms of its three components: materials, electrical, and optical. The materials section describes wafer processing methods including saw damage removal, texturing, diffusion, and surface passivation. The electrical section focuses on formation of ohmic contacts on n and p-doped surfaces. The optical section illustrates light interaction with textured silicon surfaces in terms of geometrical, diffractive and physical optics, transmission, and surface photovoltage (SPV) spectroscopy. A final chapter analyzes performance of solar cells, fabricated with a wide range of process parameters. A brief economic analysis on the merits of crystalline silicon-based photovoltaic technology as a cottage industry is also included./div This professional reference will be an important resource for practicing engineers and technicians working with solar cell and PV manufacturing and renewable energy technologies, as well as upper-level engineering and material science students. Presents a practical approach to solar cell fabrication, and characterization; Offers modular methodology with detailed equipment and process parameters supported by experimental results; Includes processing diagrams and tables for 16% efficient solar cell fabrication.

Fundamentals Of Solar Cells

Fundamentals Of Solar Cells
Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion

by Alan Fahrenbruch,Richard Bube

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 0323145388
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fundamentals of Solar Cells: Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion provides an introduction to the fundamental physical principles of solar cells. It aims to promote the expansion of solar photovoltaics from relatively small and specialized use to a large-scale contribution to energy supply. The book begins with a review of basic concepts such as the source of energy, the role of photovoltaic conversion, the development of photovoltaic cells, and sequence of phenomena involved in solar power generation. This is followed by separate chapters on each of the processes that take place in solar cell. These include solar input; properties of semiconductors; recombination and the flow of photogenerated carriers; charge separation and the characteristics of junction barriers; and calculation of solar efficiency. Subsequent chapters deal with the operation of specific solar cell devices such as a single-crystal homojunction (Si); a single-crystal-heterojunction/buried-homojunction (AlGaAs/GaAs); and a polycrystalline, thin-film cell (CuxS/CdS). This book is intended for upper-level graduate students who have a reasonably good understanding of solid state physics and for scientists and engineers involved in research and development of solar cells.

Physics and Technology of Amorphous-Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells

Physics and Technology of Amorphous-Crystalline Heterostructure Silicon Solar Cells
A Book

by Wilfried G. J. H. M. van Sark,Lars Korte,Francesco Roca

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-11-16
  • Pages : 582
  • ISBN : 3642222757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Today’s solar cell multi-GW market is dominated by crystalline silicon (c-Si) wafer technology, however new cell concepts are entering the market. One very promising solar cell design to answer these needs is the silicon hetero-junction solar cell, of which the emitter and back surface field are basically produced by a low temperature growth of ultra-thin layers of amorphous silicon. In this design, amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) constitutes both „emitter“ and „base-contact/back surface field“ on both sides of a thin crystalline silicon wafer-base (c-Si) where the electrons and holes are photogenerated; at the same time, a-Si:H passivates the c-Si surface. Recently, cell efficiencies above 23% have been demonstrated for such solar cells. In this book, the editors present an overview of the state-of-the-art in physics and technology of amorphous-crystalline heterostructure silicon solar cells. The heterojunction concept is introduced, processes and resulting properties of the materials used in the cell and their heterointerfaces are discussed and characterization techniques and simulation tools are presented.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Device Physics, Processing, Degradation, and Prevention

by Pankaj Kumar

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-10-03
  • Pages : 325
  • ISBN : 1315353628
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains detailed information on the types, structure, fabrication, and characterization of organic solar cells (OSCs). It discusses processes to improve efficiencies and the prevention of degradation in OSCs. It compares the cost-effectiveness of OSCs to those based on crystalline silicon and discusses ways to make OSCs more economical. This book provides a practical guide for the fabrication, processing, and characterization of OSCs and paves the way for further development in OSC technology.

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells

Materials Concepts for Solar Cells
A Book

by Thomas Dittrich

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2018-01-30
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 1786344505
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A modern challenge is for solar cell materials to enable the highest solar energy conversion efficiencies, at costs as low as possible, and at an energy balance as sustainable as necessary in the future. This textbook explains the principles, concepts and materials used in solar cells. It combines basic knowledge about solar cells and the demanded criteria for the materials with a comprehensive introduction into each of the four classes of materials for solar cells, i.e. solar cells based on crystalline silicon, epitaxial layer systems of III-V semiconductors, thin-film absorbers on foreign substrates, and nano-composite absorbers. In this sense, it bridges a gap between basic literature on the physics of solar cells and books specialized on certain types of solar cells. The last five years had several breakthroughs in photovoltaics and in the research on solar cells and solar cell materials. We consider them in this second edition. For example, the high potential of crystalline silicon with charge-selective hetero-junctions and alkaline treatments of thin-film absorbers, based on chalcopyrite, enabled new records. Research activities were boosted by the class of hybrid organic-inorganic metal halide perovskites, a promising newcomer in the field. This is essential reading for students interested in solar cells and materials for solar cells. It encourages students to solve tasks at the end of each chapter. It has been well applied for postgraduate students with background in materials science, engineering, chemistry or physics.

Polymeric Solar Cells

Polymeric Solar Cells
Materials, Design, Manufacture

by Frederik C. Krebs

  • Publisher : DEStech Publications, Inc
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN : 1605950173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Book offers a comprehensive treatment of nonhybrid polymeric solar cells from the basic chemistry of donor and acceptor materials through device design, processing and manufacture. Written by a team of Europe-based experts, the text shows the steps and strategies of successfully moving from the science of solar cells to commercial device production. Chapters focus on technologies that lead to increased efficiencies, longer usable life and lower costs. Highlighted are ways to fabricate solar cells from a range of polymers and develop them into marketable commodities. Special consideration is given to solar cells as intellectual property.

Organic Solar Cells

Organic Solar Cells
Theory, Experiment, and Device Simulation

by Wolfgang Tress

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-22
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 3319100971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers in a textbook-like fashion the basics or organic solar cells, addressing the limits of photovoltaic energy conversion and giving a well-illustrated introduction to molecular electronics with focus on the working principle and characterization of organic solar cells. Further chapters based on the author’s dissertation focus on the electrical processes in organic solar cells by presenting a detailed drift-diffusion approach to describe exciton separation and charge-carrier transport and extraction. The results, although elaborated on small-molecule solar cells and with focus on the zinc phthalocyanine: C60 material system, are of general nature. They propose and demonstrate experimental approaches for getting a deeper understanding of the dominating processes in amorphous thin-film based solar cells in general. The main focus is on the interpretation of the current-voltage characteristics (J-V curve). This very standard measurement technique for a solar cell reflects the electrical processes in the device. Comparing experimental to simulation data, the author discusses the reasons for S-Shaped J-V curves, the role of charge carrier mobilities and energy barriers at interfaces, the dominating recombination mechanisms, the charge carrier generation profile, and other efficiency-limiting processes in organic solar cells. The book concludes with an illustrative guideline on how to identify reasons for changes in the J-V curve. This book is a suitable introduction for students in engineering, physics, material science, and chemistry starting in the field of organic or hybrid thin-film photovoltaics. It is just as valuable for professionals and experimentalists who analyze solar cell devices.

Nanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells
A Book

by Guanying Chen,Zhijun Ning,Hans Agren

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-07-04
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 303842532X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Nanostructured Solar Cells" that was published in Nanomaterials

Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells
Materials, Processes, and Devices

by Shahzada Ahmad,Samrana Kazim,Michael Grätzel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-12-13
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 3527347151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides a complete overview of the state-of-the-art in perovskite solar cell research from materials to devices, also addressing the critical issue of solar cell stability. With contributions from leading researchers in the field, the book covers novel materials such as lead-free and 2D and 3D materials, advanced modeling and simulation approaches, new fabrication processes such as slot-die coating and vacuum sublimation as well as detailed insights into the device physics of perovskite solar cells, including innovative approaches to increase the light conversion efficiency.

Organic, Inorganic and Hybrid Solar Cells

Organic, Inorganic and Hybrid Solar Cells
Principles and Practice

by Ching-Fuh Lin,I-Chun Cheng

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-09-04
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 1118168534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Many books discuss inorganic semiconductor solar cells and some books for organic solar cells, but very few books deal with the composite solar cells that use both organic materials and inorganic semiconductors. The authors view organic and inorganic composite thin-film solar cells as the most promising photovoltaic technology for future energy solutions. Focusing on all aspects of realizing low-cost and long life solar cells, the text covers inorganic, organic, and hybrid materials. This unique guide provides an unparalleled description of the functioning principles and fabrication techniques of organic-inorganic composite solar cells"--

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Mathematical Modelling, and Materials Design and Optimization

by Masoud Soroush,Kenneth K.S. Lau

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-23
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0128145420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Mathematical Modelling and Materials Design and Optimization presents the latest information as edited from leaders in the field. It covers advances in DSSC design, fabrication and mathematical modelling and optimization, providing a comprehensive coverage of various DSSC advances that includes different system scales, from electronic to macroscopic level, and a consolidation of the results with fundamentals. The book is extremely useful as a monograph for graduate students and researchers, but is also a comprehensive, general reference on state-of-the-art techniques in modelling, optimization and design of DSSCs. Includes chapter contributions from worldwide leaders in the field Offers first-principles of modelling solar cells with different system scales, from the electronic to macroscopic level References, in a single resource, state-of-the-art techniques in modelling, optimization and design of DSSC