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Solar Energy Desalination Technology

Solar Energy Desalination Technology
A Book

by Hongfei Zheng

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-01-20
  • Pages : 784
  • ISBN : 0128094222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar Energy Desalination Technology explains how to obtain clean water from sea water using solar energy. Special methods and types used in solar desalination are introduced, providing new thoughts, concepts, and feasible solutions in the desalination field, along with the thermal and economic efficiency relating to current technology. Many places in the world are suffering from fresh water shortage. However, those places are often rich with solar resources, sea water, and/or brackish water resources that could dramatically benefit from solar energy as a viable solution for the production of fresh water. Explains the principles of solar thermal energy usage to produce clean water from sea water Introduces and explains new kinds of solar desalination systems, including their technical level and working principle Provides fundamental knowledge on water treatment and solar collection

Solar Desalination Technology

Solar Desalination Technology
A Book

by Anil Kumar,Om Prakash

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-23
  • Pages : 357
  • ISBN : 9811368872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest developments and advances in solar desalination technology, including the concept, design, testing, modeling, economics and innovation. The chapters in this volume are contributed by leading international researchers and are based on original research material. The contents of this volume will be of interest to researchers, professionals, and policymakers alike.

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century

Solar Desalination for the 21st Century
A Review of Modern Technologies and Researches on Desalination Coupled to Renewable Energies

by Lucio Rizzuti,Hisham M. Ettouney,Andrea Cipollina

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-01-23
  • Pages : 379
  • ISBN : 1402055064
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Water scarcity affects the African, Asian, European and American continents, causing serious problems of social welfare and stability. This book of the NATO Science Series presents the state of the art of Desalination Technologies driven by Renewable Energies, highlighting the results achieved in the research field and presenting the potentialities of such technologies. Following an Advanced Research Workshop held in Tunisia from the 23rdto the 25thof February 2006 and collecting prominent scientists from more than 20 different countries, several contributions were selected from researchers, technicians, and industrial representatives, each focused on several different aspects of the use of renewable energies for desalination. Moreover, several regional overviews illustrate the actual state of RE exploitation in most of the countries interested by water scarcity and abundant availability of solar, wind and other renewable energies.

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND DESALINATION - Volume IV

RENEWABLE ENERGY SYSTEMS AND DESALINATION - Volume IV

by Anonim

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2010-09-19
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1848264321
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable Energy Systems and Desalination is a component of Encyclopedia of Water Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The two volumes present state-of-the art subject matter of various aspects of Renewable Energy Systems and Desalination such as: A Short Historical Review Of Renewable Energy; Renewable Energy Resources; Desalination With Renewable Energy - A Review; Renewable Energy And Desalination Systems; Why Use Renewable Energy For Desalination; Thermal Energy Storage; Electrical Energy Storage; Tidal Energy; Desalination Using Tidal Energy; Wave Energy; Availability Of Wind Energy And Its Estimation; The Use Of Geothermal Energy In Desalination; Solar Radiation Energy (Fundamentals); High Temperature Solar Concentrators; Medium Temperature Solar Concentrators (Parabolic-Troughs Collectors); Low Temperature Solar Collectors; Solar Photovoltaic Energy Conversion; Photovoltaics; Flat-Plate Collectors; Large Active Solar Systems: Load; Integration Of Solar Pond With Water Desalination; Large Active Solar Systems: Typical Economic Analysis; Evacuated Tube Collectors; Parabolic Trough Collectors; Central Receivers; Configuration, Theoretical Analysis And Performance Of Simple Solar Stills; Development In Simple Solar Stills; Multi-Effect Solar Stills; Materials For Construction Of Solar Stills; Reverse Osmosis By Solar Energy; Solar Distillation; Solar Photochemistry; Photochemical Conversion Of Solar Energy; Availability Of Solar Radiation And Its Estimation; Economics Of Small Solar-Assisted Multipleeffect Seawater Distillation Plants; A Solar-Assisted Sea Water Multiple Effect Distillation Plant 15 Years Of Operating Performance (1985-1999);Mathematical Simulation Of A Solar Desalination Plant; Mathematical Models Of Solar Energy Conversion Systems; Multiple Effect Distillation Of Seawater Using Solar Energy – The Case Of Abu Dhabi Solar Desalination Plant; Solar Irradiation Fundamentals; Water Desalination By Humidification And Dehumidification Of Air, Seawater Greenhouse Process. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy and Decision Makers

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook

Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook
Application and Thermodynamics

by Gnaneswar Gude

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2018-03-08
  • Pages : 622
  • ISBN : 0128154284
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable Energy Powered Desalination Handbook: Applications and Thermodynamics offers a practical handbook on the use of renewable technologies to produce freshwater using sustainable methods. Sections cover the different renewable technologies currently used in the field, including solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear desalination. This coverage is followed by an equally important clear and rigorous discussion of energy recovery and the thermodynamics of desalination processes. While seawater desalination can provide a climate-independent source of drinking water, the process is energy-intensive and environmentally damaging. This book provides readers with the latest methods, processes, and technologies available for utilizing renewable energy applications as a valuable technology. Desalination based on the use of renewable energy sources can provide a sustainable way to produce fresh water. It is expected to become economically attractive as the costs of renewable technologies continue to decline and the prices of fossil fuels continue to increase. Covers renewable energy sources, such as nuclear, geothermal, solar and wind powered desalination and energy storage and optimization Includes energy recovery schemes, optimization and process controls Elaborates on the principles of thermodynamics and second law efficiencies to improve process performance, including solar desalination Explains global applicability of solar, wind, geothermal and nuclear energy sources with case studies Discusses renewable energy-desalinated water optimization schemes for island communities

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable Energy Desalination

Renewable Energy Desalination
An Emerging Solution to Close the Water Gap in the Middle East and North Africa

by Bekele Debele Negewo

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2012-09-26
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 0821394576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book looks at water availability and water demand in various sectors till 2050, presenting a methodology to prioritize options both on the demand and on the supply side, with a special focus on renewable energy desalination.

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination

Renewable Energy Technologies for Water Desalination
A Book

by Hacene Mahmoudi,Noreddine Ghaffour,Mattheus F.A. Goosen,Jochen Bundschuh

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-07-14
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1317287436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book presents a thorough overview of the latest trends and challenges in renewable energy technologies applications for water desalination, with an emphasis on environmental concerns and sustainable development. Emphasis is on the various uses of renewable energy, as well as economics & scale-up, government subsidies & regulations, and environmental concerns. It provides an indication on how renewable energy technologies are rapidly emerging with the promise of economic and environmental viability for desalination. Further it gives a clear indication on how exactly to accelerate the expansion and commercialization of novel water production systems powered by renewable energies and in what manner environmental concerns may be minimized. This book is all-inclusive and wide-ranging and directed at decision makers in government, industry and the academic world as well as students.

Textbook of Renewable Energy

Textbook of Renewable Energy
A Book

by S. C. Bhatia,R. K. Gupta

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-01-31
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 9385059955
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable energies are sources of clean, inexhaustible and increasingly competitive energy. They differ from fossil fuels principally in their diversity, abundance and potential for use anywhere on the planet, but above all in that they produce neither greenhouse gases which cause climate change nor polluting emissions. There are many forms of renewable energy. Most of these renewable energies depend in one way or another on sunlight. Wind and hydroelectric power are the direct result of differential heating of the Earth's surface which leads to air moving about (wind) and precipitation forming as the air is lifted. Solar energy is the direct conversion of sunlight using panels or collectors. Biomass energy is stored sunlight contained in plants. Other renewable energies that do not depend on sunlight are geothermal energy, which is a result of radioactive decay in the crust combined with the original heat of accreting the Earth, and tidal energy, which is a conversion of gravitational energy.Textbook of Renewable Energy summarises various aspects of renewable energy and is divided into 16 chapters. Discussed are renewable energy sources, solar radiation and its measurement, solar thermal energy conversion system, solar photovoltaic systems, biogas, biomass, biofuels, wind energy, fuel cells, tidal energy, hydrogen energy, geothermal energy, ocean thermal energy conversion, renewable energy applications in developing smart cities, environmental aspects of electrical energy generation. A unique feature of the book is chapter on magneto hydro dynamic power generation.

Seawater Desalination

Seawater Desalination
Conventional and Renewable Energy Processes

by Andrea Cipollina,Giorgio Micale,Lucio Rizzuti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-12-24
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9783642011504
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A growing proportion of the world’s population is dependent on Seawater Desalination as a source of fresh water for both potable and civil use. One of the main drawbacks of conventional desalination technologies is the substantial energy requirement, which is facing cost increases in the global energy market. "Seawater Desalination" presents an overview of conventional and non-conventional technologies, with a particular focus on the coupling of renewable energies with desalination processes. The first section of this book presents, in a technical but reader-friendly way, an overview of currently-used desalination processes, from thermal to membrane processes, highlighting the relevant technical features, advantages and disadvantages, and development potential. It also gives a rapid insight into the economic aspects of fresh water production from seawater. The second section of the book presents novel processes which use Renewable Energies for fresh water production. From the first solar still evaporators, which artificially reproduced the natural cycle of water, technology has progressed to develop complex systems to harness energy from the sun, wind, tides, waves, etc. and then to use this energy to power conventional or novel desalination processes. Most of these processes are still at a preliminary stage of development, but some are already being cited as examples in remote areas, where they are proving to be valuable in solving the problems of water scarcity. A rapid growth in these technologies is foreseen in the coming years. This book provides a unique foundation, within the context of present and future sustainability, for professionals, technicians, managers, and private and public institutions operating in the area of fresh water supply.

Advanced Solar Desalination for Tourism Industry in Cyprus

Advanced Solar Desalination for Tourism Industry in Cyprus
Innovative Themal Desalination Technology

by Roshan Chandwankar

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2017-03-28
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 3668422982
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Master's Thesis from the year 2016 in the subject Engineering - General, Basics, grade: 1, , language: English, abstract: Despite the fact that global water is apparently abundant, almost half of the world faces the water scarcity especially in the Mediterranean and North African regions. The main purpose of this work is the assessment of Multiple Effect Distillation, a thermal desalination technique in water stressed countries in the Mediterranean region. The thesis describes a case study for desalination plant solution of capacity 900 m3/d for a hotel location in Cyprus. The study features plant design and the performance data ensuring low specific electrical and thermal energy consumption. A detailed mathematical model is developed for the 8 - effect desalination plant which is based on the mass and energy balances for the streams flowing through each stage of the MED unit. The performance of the desalination can be predicted. An improved model for the desalination technology can be suggested by installing an additional unit called as thermo – vapour compressor. The Gained Output Ratio (GOR) and specific thermal energy consumption values of 13.6 and 40.1 kWhth/m3 respectively are obtained from the improved model. The plant can be operated throughput the year by implementing an innovative technique of sea water preheating. This helps in achieving the required brine feed temperature of about 43 – 48 °C. The improved plant model is assessed by a simulation software, DEEP. The Mediterranean region has huge potential in renewable energy especially in solar thermal energy. A medium temperature parabolic trough collector operat-ing at 180 °C will be used to supply the steam for desalination plant. With the fossil fuels powering most of the desalination plants, the use of solar thermal energy can be a clean and sustainable option and an ideal benchmark for the future renewable desalination plants.

Energy Technology

Energy Technology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar Energy Engineering

Solar Energy Engineering
Processes and Systems

by Soteris A. Kalogirou

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013-10-25
  • Pages : 840
  • ISBN : 0123972566
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy policy promoting sustainable development is transforming global energy markets. Solar power, the most abundant of all renewable resources, is crucial to greater achieving energy security and sustainability. This new edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems from Prof. Soteris Kalogirou, a renowned expert with over thirty years of experience in renewable energy systems and applications, includes revised and updated chapters on all areas of solar energy engineering from the fundamentals to the highest level of current research. The book includes high interest topics such as solar collectors, solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, solar desalination, photovoltaic technology, solar thermal power systems, modeling of solar energy systems and includes a new chapter on wind energy systems. As solar energy’s vast potential environmental and socioeconomic benefits are broadly recognized, the second edition of Solar Energy Engineering: Processes and Systems will provide professionals and students with a resource on the basic principles and applications of solar energy systems and processes and can be used as a reference guide to practicing engineers who want to understand how solar systems operate and how to design the systems. Written by one of the world’s most renowned experts in solar energy with over thirty years of experience in renewable and particularly solar energy applications Provides updated chapters including new sections detailing solar collectors, uncertainties in solar collector performance testing, building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV), thermosiphonic systems performance prediction and solar updraft tower systems Includes a new chapter on wind energy systems Packed with reference tables and schematic diagrams for the most commonly used systems

Desalination Abstracts

Desalination Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants-Volume III

SOLAR ENERGY CONVERSION AND PHOTOENERGY SYSTEMS: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants-Volume III

by Julian Blanco Gálvez, Sixto Malato Rodríguez, E. Delyannis, Vassilis G. Belessiotis, S. C. Bhattacharya and S. Kumar

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2010-11-20
  • Pages : 492
  • ISBN : 1848263775
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants theme in five volumes is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Solar Energy Conversion and Photoenergy Systems: Thermal Systems and Desalination Plants with contributions from distinguished experts in the field, discusses solar energy, renewable energy, thermal systems, and desalination systems, some of which are already in commercial and practical applications and others are under research and testing level. The volumes provide an analysis and discussion about the reasons behind the current efforts of our society, considering both developed and developing countries, to accelerate the exploitation of the huge solar energy potential in our normal daily lives. The five volumes also provide some basic information about the solar energy potential, history and the amazing trip of a photon from its creation in the Sun until its arrival to the Earth. These five volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination Plants

Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination Plants
Engineering and Economics of Coupling Multi-Effect Distillation and Solar Plants

by Patricia Palenzuela,Diego-César Alarcón-Padilla,Guillermo Zaragoza

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-09
  • Pages : 172
  • ISBN : 3319205358
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a detailed examination of how two key concerns in many communities across the globe- power and water- can be simultaneously addressed through the coupling of Concentrating Solar Power and Desalination (CSP+D) plants. It undertakes a technological and economic evaluation of the integration of Multi-effect Distillation Plants into CSP plants based on Parabolic Trough solar collectors (PT-CSP+MED), as compared to independent water and power production through Reverse Osmosis unit connection to a CSP plant (CSP+RO). Through this compare and contrast method of analysis, the author establishes guidelines to assist readers in identifying cases wherein PT-CSP+MED systems provide greater benefits from a thermodynamic and economic point of view. The text outlines efficiencies and challenges derived from the combination of PT-CSP power generation with four different desalination plant scenarios, beginning with a description of the equations used in the modeling and validation of a pilot MED plant and followed by detailed thermodynamic analysis of several currently operating CSP+D systems. Comparative thermodynamic assessments are based on a sensitivity analysis from which the overall efficiency of the cogeneration system is determined. The author outlines all the equations used for the modeling of each component and includes 97 comparative tables obtained from the sensitivity analysis, showing the variation of the overall thermal efficiency of the CSP+D as a function of fundamental parameters of the cogeneration cycle, such as the specific electric consumption of the desalination plants, and the turbine outlet temperature of the power cycle. These findings are then placed in practical context through a complete thermo-economic analysis, which is carried out for two specific locations in the Middle East and Europe in order to identify the most practically and economically viable CSP+D system in each region as informed by actual operating conditions, meteorological data and real cost figures for each location.

Technologies for the Transition

Technologies for the Transition
Proceedings of the 16th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, August 9-14, 1981

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 2608
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy Review

Energy Review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the ... Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference

Proceedings of the ... Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sunworld

Sunworld
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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