Download Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions Ebook PDF

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions
A Differential Approach

by Yoshikata Koga

  • Publisher : Elsevier Science
  • Release : 2017-04-01
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 9780444636294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions, Second Edition, introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics and applies it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centres, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a "must-have" reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions

Solution Thermodynamics and Its Application to Aqueous Solutions
A Differential Approach

by Yoshikata Koga

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-03-28
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 0444636307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Solution Thermodynamics and its Application to Aqueous Solutions: A Differential Approach, Second Edition introduces a differential approach to solution thermodynamics, applying it to the study of aqueous solutions. This valuable approach reveals the molecular processes in solutions in greater depth than that gained by spectroscopic and other methods. The book clarifies what a hydrophobe, or a hydrophile, and in turn, an amphiphile, does to H2O. By applying the same methodology to ions that have been ranked by the Hofmeister series, the author shows that the kosmotropes are either hydrophobes or hydration centers, and that chaotropes are hydrophiles. This unique approach and important updates make the new edition a must-have reference for those active in solution chemistry. Unique differential approach to solution thermodynamics allows for experimental evaluation of the intermolecular interaction Incorporates research findings from over 40 articles published since the previous edition Numerical or graphical evaluation and direct experimental determination of third derivatives, enthalpic and volumetric AL-AL interactions and amphiphiles are new to this edition Features new chapters on spectroscopic study in aqueous solutions as well as environmentally friendly and hostile water aqueous solutions

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions

Thermodynamics of Dilute Aqueous Solutions
A Book

by Marcel Pourbaix

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1949
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions

Molecular Theory of Water and Aqueous Solutions
A Book

by Arieh Ben-Naim

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 629
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The aim of this book is to explain the unusual properties of both pure liquid water and simple aqueous solutions, in terms of the properties of single molecules and interactions among small numbers of water molecules. It is mostly the result of the author's own research spanning over 40 years in the field of aqueous solutions. An understanding of the properties of liquid water is a prelude to the understanding of the role of water in biological systems and for the evolvement of life. The book is targeted at anyone who is interested in the outstanding properties of water and its role in biological systems. It is addressed to both students and researchers in chemistry, physics and biology.

Thermodynamics of Solution of Gases in Aqueous Solutions

Thermodynamics of Solution of Gases in Aqueous Solutions
A Book

by Arieh Ben-Naim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions

High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions
Thermodynamic Properties

by Roberto Fernandez-Prini

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1991-12-19
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 9780849357602
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides a thorough discussion of the thermodynamics of aqueous solutions and presents tools for analyzing and solving scientific and practical problems arising in this area. It also presents methods that can be used to deal with ionic and nonionic aqueous solutions under sub- or supercritical conditions. Illustrations and tables give examples of procedures employed to predict thermodynamic quantities of the solutions, and an appendix summarizing statistical mechanical equations used to describe the systems is also provided. High-Temperature Aqueous Solutions: Thermodynamic Properties contains essential information for physical chemists, geochemists, geophysicists, chemical technicians, and scientists involved in electric power generation.

Polymer Thermodynamics

Polymer Thermodynamics
Liquid Polymer-Containing Mixtures

by Sabine Enders,Bernhard A. Wolf

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-01-18
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 3642176828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Making Flory-Huggins Practical: Thermodynamics of Polymer-Containing Mixtures, by B. A. Wolf * Aqueous Solutions of Polyelectrolytes: Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium and Some Related Properties, by G. Maurer, S. Lammertz, and L. Ninni Schäfer * Gas-Polymer Interactions: Key Thermodynamic Data and Thermophysical Properties, by J.-P. E. Grolier, and S. A.E. Boyer * Interfacial Tension in Binary Polymer Blends and the Effects of Copolymers as Emulsifying Agents, by S. H. Anastasiadis * Theory of Random Copolymer Fractionation in Columns, by Sabine Enders * Computer Simulations and Coarse-Grained Molecular Models Predicting the Equation of State of Polymer Solutions, by K. Binder, B. Mognetti, W. Paul, P. Virnau, and L. Yelash * Modeling of Polymer Phase Equilibria Using Equations of State, by G. Sadowski

Water in Crystalline Hydrates Aqueous Solutions of Simple Nonelectrolytes

Water in Crystalline Hydrates Aqueous Solutions of Simple Nonelectrolytes
A Book

by Felix Franks

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-18
  • Pages : 684
  • ISBN : 147576958X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

vi the information collected and discussed in this volume may help toward the achievement of such an objective. I should like to express my debt of gratitude to the authors who have contributed to this volume. Editing a work of this nature can strain long established personal relationships and I thank my various colleagues for bearing with me and responding (sooner or later) to one or several letters or telephone calls. My special thanks once again go to Mrs. Joyce Johnson, who bore the main brunt of this seemingly endless correspondence and without whose help the editorial and referencing work would have taken several years. F. FRANKS Biophysics Division Unilever Research Laboratory Colworth/ Welwyn Colworth House, Sharnbrook, Bedford January, 1973 Contents Contents of Volume 1 ............................. . . . . . .. . . .. xv Contents of Volume 3 ........................ '. . . . . . . . . . . . xvi . . . . Contents of Volume 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . xvii . . . . . . . . . . . Chapter 1 The Solvent Properties of Water F. Franks 1. Water, the Universal Solvent-the Study of Aqueous Solutions 2. Aqueous Solutions of Nonelectrolytes ................. . 5 2.1. Apolar Solutes ................................. . 6 2.2. Polar Solutes .................................. . 19 2.3. Ionic Solutes Containing Alkyl Residues-"Apolar Electrolytes" ................................... . 38 3. Aqueous Solutions of Electrolytes .................... . 42 3.1. Single Ion Properties ............................ . 42 3.2. Ion-Water Interactions ......................... . 43 3.3. Interionic Effects ............................... . 47 4. Complex Aqueous Mixtures 48 Chapter 2 Water in Stoichiometric Hydrates M. Falk and O. Knop 1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. Symmetry and Types of Environment of the H0 Molecule 2 in Crystals .......................................... 57 vii Contents viii 2.1. Site Symmetry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 . . . . . . . . . .

Chemical Thermodynamics

Chemical Thermodynamics
Theory and Applications

by W.J. Rankin

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-11
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1000703169
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book develops the theory of chemical thermodynamics from first principles, demonstrates its relevance across scientific and engineering disciplines, and shows how thermodynamics can be used as a practical tool for understanding natural phenomena and developing and improving technologies and products. Concepts such as internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs energy are explained using ideas and experiences familiar to students, and realistic examples are given so the usefulness and pervasiveness of thermodynamics becomes apparent. The worked examples illustrate key ideas and demonstrate important types of calculations, and the problems at the end of chapters are designed to reinforce important concepts and show the broad range of applications. Most can be solved using digitized data from open access databases and a spreadsheet. Answers are provided for the numerical problems. A particular theme of the book is the calculation of the equilibrium composition of systems, both reactive and non-reactive, and this includes the principles of Gibbs energy minimization. The overall approach leads to the intelligent use of thermodynamic software packages but, while these are discussed and their use demonstrated, they are not the focus of the book, the aim being to provide the necessary foundations. Another unique aspect is the inclusion of three applications chapters: heat and energy aspects of processing; the thermodynamics of metal production and recycling; and applications of electrochemistry. This book is aimed primarily at students of chemistry, chemical engineering, applied science, materials science, and metallurgy, though it will be also useful for students undertaking courses in geology and environmental science. A solutions manual is available for instructors.

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics

Handbook of Aqueous Electrolyte Thermodynamics
Theory & Application

by Joseph F. Zemaitis, Jr.,Diane M. Clark,Marshall Rafal,Noel C. Scrivner

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2010-09-16
  • Pages : 878
  • ISBN : 0470938404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Expertise in electrolyte systems has become increasingly important in traditional CPI operations, as well as in oil/gas exploration and production. This book is the source for predicting electrolyte systems behavior, an indispensable "do-it-yourself" guide, with a blueprint for formulating predictive mathematical electrolyte models, recommended tabular values to use in these models, and annotated bibliographies. The final chapter is a general recipe for formulating complete predictive models for electrolytes, along with a series of worked illustrative examples. It can serve as a useful research and application tool for the practicing process engineer, and as a textbook for the chemical engineering student.

Electrochemical Engineering

Electrochemical Engineering
A Book

by Thomas F. Fuller,John N. Harb

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-02-15
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1119446589
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A Comprehensive Reference for Electrochemical Engineering Theory and Application From chemical and electronics manufacturing, to hybrid vehicles, energy storage, and beyond, electrochemical engineering touches many industries—any many lives—every day. As energy conservation becomes of central importance, so too does the science that helps us reduce consumption, reduce waste, and lessen our impact on the planet. Electrochemical Engineering provides a reference for scientists and engineers working with electrochemical processes, and a rigorous, thorough text for graduate students and upper-division undergraduates. Merging theoretical concepts with widespread application, this book is designed to provide critical knowledge in a real-world context. Beginning with the fundamental principles underpinning the field, the discussion moves into industrial and manufacturing processes that blend central ideas to provide an advanced understanding while explaining observable results. Fully-worked illustrations simplify complex processes, and end-of chapter questions help reinforce essential knowledge. With in-depth coverage of both the practical and theoretical, this book is both a thorough introduction to and a useful reference for the field. Rigorous in depth, yet grounded in relevance, Electrochemical Engineering: Introduces basic principles from the standpoint of practical application Explores the kinetics of electrochemical reactions with discussion on thermodynamics, reaction fundamentals, and transport Covers battery and fuel cell characteristics, mechanisms, and system design Delves into the design and mechanics of hybrid and electric vehicles, including regenerative braking, start-stop hybrids, and fuel cell systems Examines electrodeposition, redox-flow batteries, electrolysis, regenerative fuel cells, semiconductors, and other applications of electrochemical engineering principles Overlapping chemical engineering, chemistry, material science, mechanical engineering, and electrical engineering, electrochemical engineering covers a diverse array of phenomena explained by some of the important scientific discoveries of our time. Electrochemical Engineering provides the critical understanding required to work effectively with these processes as they become increasingly central to global sustainability.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog Holdings as of July 1973

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Library System Book Catalog Holdings as of July 1973
A Book

by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Library Systems Branch

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1974
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions

Activity Coefficients in Electrolyte Solutions
A Book

by Kenneth S. Pitzer

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-04
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1351086375
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book was first published in 1991. It considers the concepts and theories relating to mostly aqueous systems of activity coefficients.

Application of Thermodynamics to Biological and Materials Science

Application of Thermodynamics to Biological and Materials Science
A Book

by Mizutani Tadashi

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2011-01-14
  • Pages : 642
  • ISBN : 9533079800
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Progress of thermodynamics has been stimulated by the findings of a variety of fields of science and technology. The principles of thermodynamics are so general that the application is widespread to such fields as solid state physics, chemistry, biology, astronomical science, materials science, and chemical engineering. The contents of this book should be of help to many scientists and engineers.

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, Fifth Edition

Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials, Fifth Edition
A Book

by David R. Gaskell

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-03-13
  • Pages : 618
  • ISBN : 0203428498
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This classic textbook is the definitive introduction to the thermodynamic behavior of materials systems. Written as a basic text for advanced undergraduates and first year graduate students in metallurgy, metallurgical engineering, ceramics, or materials science, it presents the underlying thermodynamic principles of materials and their plethora of applications. The book is also of proven interest to working professionals in need of a reference or refresher course.

Science Abstracts

Science Abstracts
Physics abstracts. Section A.

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1965
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions

Molecular Thermodynamics of Electrolyte Solutions
A Book

by Lloyd L Lee

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2008-07-08
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 981436536X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The introductory textbook provides an update on electrolyte thermodynamics with a molecular perspective. It is eminently suited as an introduction to the solution thermodynamics of ionic mixtures at the undergraduate and graduate level. It is also invaluable for the understanding and design in the engineering of natural gas treating and adsorption refrigeration with electrolytes.

Water and Aqueous Solutions

Water and Aqueous Solutions
Introduction to a Molecular Theory

by Arieh Ben-Naim

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-02-17
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 9781461587040
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The molecular theory of water and aqueous solutions has only recently emerged as a new entity of research, although its roots may be found in age-old works. The purpose of this book is to present the molecular theory of aqueous fluids based on the framework of the general theory of liquids. The style of the book is introductory in character, but the reader is presumed to be familiar with the basic properties of water [for instance, the topics reviewed by Eisenberg and Kauzmann (1969)] and the elements of classical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics [e.g., Denbigh (1966), Hill (1960)] and to have some elementary knowledge of probability [e.g., Feller (1960), Papoulis (1965)]. No other familiarity with the molecular theory of liquids is presumed. For the convenience of the reader, we present in Chapter 1 the rudi ments of statistical mechanics that are required as prerequisites to an under standing of subsequent chapters. This chapter contains a brief and concise survey of topics which may be adopted by the reader as the fundamental "rules of the game," and from here on, the development is very slow and detailed.

The Complete Book on Water Soluble Polymers

The Complete Book on Water Soluble Polymers
A Book

by NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers

  • Publisher : ASIA PACIFIC BUSINESS PRESS Inc.
  • Release : 2009-10-01
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 8178331233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Water soluble polymers cover a wide range of highly varied families of products of natural or synthetic origin, and have numerous uses. A water soluble polymer is a polymer that can be diluted in water, with or without the assistance of co solvents and neutralizing agents, to form transparent solutions. They may be classified into two types, totally synthetic polymers and natural products together with their chemically modified derivatives and further can be grouped into three main headings; naturally occurring, semi synthetic and completely synthetic polymers. The water based polymers are quick drying non inflammable, having mild odour and more environmentally acceptability than any other polymers. Most conventional coating polymers at present can be produced in a form that will allow them to be solubilized in water. These include alkydes, polyesters, acrylics epoxies. There are various types of polymerization methods of water soluble polymers such as bulk polymerization, solution polymerization, copolymerization, emulsion polymerization and suspension polymerization. Water soluble polymers are used widely as stabilizers or protective colloids in emulsion polymerization. Its most common use are gum acacia, starch either etherified or in its degraded form, dextrin, polyvinyl alchohol and hydroxyethyl cellulose. Polymers find many applications in oil recovery and production, including areas such as; drilling fluids, cementation of well bore, reservoir fracturing, controlling fluid flow in the reservoir and multistage processes of oil production and refining. The water soluble polymers market encompasses several categories, including starch, cellulose ethers, polyvinylacetate, polyvinyl alcohol and other synthetic water soluble polymers. The starch market is the largest. This book basically deals with flow characteristics of water soluble polymer solutions, emulsion polymerization, water reducible resins, silicone modified alkyds and polyesters, cross linking of water soluble coatings, formulation of water soluble coatings, trouble shooting with water soluble polymers, acrylic solution resins, polyvinylpyrrolidone, commercial uses: compounding and formulating adhesives, methods of polymerization, methods for polymerization of acrylamide, fabrication of water soluble polymers, excluded volume interactions of neutral polymers etc. The book covers classification of water soluble polymers, processes, properties, uses and applications of water soluble polymers with lot of other information. This book will be very resourceful for new entrepreneurs, existing units, technocrats, researchers and technical libraries.

Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications

Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications
Principles and Applications

by J. Bevan Ott,Juliana Boerio-Goates

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2000-06-07
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 9780080500980
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications presents a thorough development of the principles of thermodynamics--an old science to which the authors include the most modern applications, along with those of importance in developing the science and those of historical interest. The text is written in an informal but rigorous style, including ancedotes about some of the great thermodynamicists (with some of whom the authors have had a personal relationship), and focuses on "real" systems in the discussion and figures, in contrast to the generic examples that are often used in other textbooks. The book provides a basic review of thermodynamic principles, equations, and applications of broad interest. It covers the development of thermodynamics as one of the pre-eminent examples of an exact science. A discussion of the standard state that emphasizes its significance and usefulness is also included, as well as a more rigorous and indepth treatment of thermodynamics and discussions of a wider variety of applications than are found in more broadly based physical chemistry undergraduate textbooks. Combined with its companion book, Chemical Thermodynamics: Advanced Applications, the practicing scientist will have a complete reference set detailing chemical thermodynamics. Outlines the development of the principles of thermodynamics, including the most modern applications along with those of importance in developing the science and those of historical interest Provides a basic review of thermodynamic principles, equations, and applications of broad interest Treats thermodynamics as one of the preeminent examples of an exact science Provides a more rigorous and indepth treatment of thermodynamics and discussion of a wider variety of applications than are found in more broadly based physical chemistry undergraduate textbooks Includes examples in the text and exercises and problems at the end of each chapter to assist the student in learning the subject Provides a complete set of references to all sources of data and to supplementary reading sources