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Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae, and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae, and Microorganisms
Concepts and Controversies:

by Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-11-20
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 0128116463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms
Concepts and Controversies:

by Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-09-14
  • Pages : 382
  • ISBN : 0128116455
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume 2 not only covers all the new technologies used in the synthesis of nanoparticles, it also tests their response on plants, algae and micro-organisms in aquatic ecosystems. Unlike most works in the field, the book doesn’t focus exclusively on the higher organisms. Instead, it explores the smaller life forms on which they feed. Topics include the impacts of plant development, how different nanoparticles are absorbed by biota, the impact different metals—including silver and rare earth metals—have on living organisms, and the effects nanoparticles have on aquatic ecosystems as a whole. As nanotechnology based products have become a trillion-dollar industry, there is a need to understand the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Draws upon global experts to help increase understanding of the interface mechanisms at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic level between ENPs and biological systems Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic Sheds light on future research needs and scientific challenges that still exist in nanoparticle and living organism interactions

Phytonanotechnology

Phytonanotechnology
Challenges and Prospects

by N. Thajuddin,Silvy Mathew

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-05-31
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 0128223537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Phytonanotechnology: Challenges and Prospects consolidates information on the use of phytonanoparticles for biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications, covering recent advances in experimental and theoretical studies on various properties of nanoparticles derived from plant sources. The book deals with various attributes of phytonanoparticles, discussing their current and potential applications. In addition, it explores the development of phytonanoparticles, synthesis techniques, characterization techniques, environmental remediation applications, anti-microbial properties, miscellaneous applications, and multi-functional applications. Risks associated with nanoparticles are also discussed. This book is an important reference for materials scientists, engineers, environmental scientists, food scientists and biomedical scientists who want to learn more about the applications of nanoparticles derived from plant sources. Explores synthesis methods of phytonanoparticles from a variety of plant groups Discusses the major biological reactions of phytonanoparticles Outlines the major opportunities and challenges of using phytonanoparticles in biomedical, environmental and agricultural applications

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment
Biophysicochemical Processes and Toxicity

by Baoshan Xing

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-10-10
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1119275822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential

Nanomaterials and Plant Potential
A Book

by Azamal Husen,Muhammad Iqbal

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-01
  • Pages : 605
  • ISBN : 3030055698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the latest developments in plant-mediated fabrication of metal and metal-oxide nanoparticles, and their characterization by using a variety of modern techniques. It explores in detail the application of nanoparticles in drug delivery, cancer treatment, catalysis, and as antimicrobial agent, antioxidant and the promoter of plant production and protection. Application of these nanoparticles in plant systems has started only recently and information is still scanty about their possible effects on plant growth and development. Accumulation and translocation of nanoparticles in plants, and the consequent growth response and stress modulation are not well understood. Plants exposed to these particles exhibit both positive and negative effects, depending on the concentration, size, and shape of the nanoparticles. The impact on plant growth and yield is often positive at lower concentrations and negative at higher ones. Exposure to some nanoparticles may improve the free-radical scavenging potential and antioxidant enzymatic activities in plants and alter the micro-RNAs expression that regulate the different morphological, physiological and metabolic processes in plant system, leading to improved plant growth and yields. The nanoparticles also carry out genetic reforms by efficient transfer of DNA or complete plastid genome into the respective plant genome due to their miniscule size and improved site-specific penetration. Moreover, controlled application of nanomaterials in the form of nanofertilizer offers a more synchronized nutrient fluidity with the uptake by the plant exposed, ensuring an increased nutrient availability. This book addresses these issues and many more. It covers fabrication of different/specific nanomaterials and their wide-range application in agriculture sector, encompassing the controlled release of nutrients, nutrient-use efficiency, genetic exchange, production of secondary metabolites, defense mechanisms, and the growth and productivity of plants exposed to different manufactured nanomaterials. The role of nanofertilizers and nano-biosensors for improving plant production and protection and the possible toxicities caused by certain nanomaterials, the aspects that are little explored by now, have also been generously elucidated.

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae, and Microorganisms

Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae, and Microorganisms
Concepts and Controversies:

by Durgesh Kumar Tripathi,Parvaiz Ahmad,Shivesh Sharma,Devendra Kumar Chauhan,Nawal Kishore Dubey

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-11-20
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 0128116463
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials in Plants, Algae and Microorganisms: Concepts and Controversies: Volume One discusses the vast amount of nanomaterials that have been released into the environment in a relatively short amount of time. There is a need to understand what the implications to the health of our biota and ecosystems are as the earth is increasingly inundated with these materials. Not all of the effects are negative, but their impacts are increasing exponentially due to their size, quantity and other factors. Covers the issues of nanoparticles on more simple organisms and their ecosystems Presents issues that are specific to terrestrial ecosystems Contains contributions from global experts who help increase understanding at the physiological, biochemical, molecular, and even genomic and proteomic levels Provides a critical assessment of the progress taking place on this topic and sheds light on future research needs

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability

Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability
A Book

by Ashok Kumar Das

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-11-27
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0128213205
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Engineered Nanomaterials and Phytonanotechnology: Challenges for Plant Sustainability, Volume 87 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on the Current status of environmental monitoring, Physical principles of infrared, Chemical principles of infrared, Instrumentation and hardware, Data analysis, Sampling, Applications in water, Application in soil and sediments, Applications in ecology of animals and plants, Applications in air monitoring, Applications in contamination, Applications in marine environments, Advantages and pitfalls, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series Updated release includes the latest information on the field of engineered nanomaterials in plants

Toxicology

Toxicology
New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum

by Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-10-26
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 9535127160
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences

Nanotechnology and Plant Sciences
Nanoparticles and Their Impact on Plants

by Manzer H. Siddiqui,Mohamed H. Al-Whaibi,Firoz Mohammad

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-01-27
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 3319145029
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents a holistic view of the complex and dynamic responses of plants to nanoparticles, the signal transduction mechanisms involved, and the regulation of gene expression. Further, it addresses the phytosynthesis of nanoparticles, the role of nanoparticles in the antioxidant systems of plants and agriculture, the beneficial and harmful effects of nanoparticles on plants, and the application of nanoparticles and nanotubes to mass spectrometry, aiming ultimately at an analysis of the metabolomics of plants. The growing numbers of inventions in the field of nanotechnology are producing novel applications in the fields of biotechnology and agriculture. Nanoparticles have received much attention because of the unique physico-chemical properties of these compounds. In the life sciences, nanoparticles are used as “smart” delivery systems, prompting the Nobel Prize winner P. Ehrlich to refer to these compounds as “magic bullets.” Nanoparticles also play an important role in agriculture as compound fertilizers and nano-pesticides, acting as chemical delivery agents that target molecules to specific cellular organelles in plants. The influence of nanoparticles on plant growth and development, however, remains to be investigated. Lastly, this book reveals the research gaps that must be bridged in the years to come in order to achieve larger goals concerning the applications of nanotechnology in the plants sciences. In the 21st century, nanotechnology has become a rapidly emerging branch of science. In the world of physical sciences, nanotechnological tools have been exploited for a broad range of applications. In recent years, nanoparticles have also proven useful in several branches of the life sciences. In particular, nanotechnology has been employed in drug delivery and related applications in medicine.

Plant Nanotechnology

Plant Nanotechnology
Principles and Practices

by Chittaranjan Kole,D. Sakthi Kumar,Mariya V. Khodakovskaya

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-10-13
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 3319421549
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the implications of nanotechnology in plant sciences, particularly its potential to improve food and agricultural systems, through innovative, eco-friendly approaches, and as a result to increase plant productivity. Topics include various aspects of nanomaterials: biophysical and biochemical properties; methods of treatment, detection and quantification; methods of quantifying the uptake of nanomaterials and their translocation and accumulation in plants. In addition, the effects on plant growth and development, the role of nanoparticles in changes in gene and protein expression, and delivery of genetic materials for genetic improvement are discussed. It also explores how nanotechnology can improve plant protection and plant nutrition, and addresses concerns about using nanoparticles and their compliances. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the application potential of nanoparticles in plant science and serves as a valuable resource for students, teachers, researchers and professionals working on nanotechnology.

New Visions in Plant Science

New Visions in Plant Science
A Book

by Özge Çelik

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-09-19
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1789237025
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past decade, progress in plant science and molecular technologies has grown considerably. This book focuses on plant biotechnology applications specializing in certain aspects of breeding and molecular marker-assisted selection processes, omic strategies, usage of bioinformatic tools, and nanotechnological improvements in agricultural sciences. Most farmers and breeders can no longer simply turn to the older strategies, and new instructions are needed to adapt their systems to achieve their production goals. The book covers new information on using metabolomics and nanotechnology in agriculture. In these circumstances, all new data and technology are very important in plant science. The topics in this book are practical and user-friendly. They allow practitioners, students, and academicians with specific background knowledge to feel confident about the principles presented on a new generation of molecular plant biotechnology applications.

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
Toxicity and Risk Assessment

by Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2015-07-15
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 953512143X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book, Nanomaterials - Toxicity and Risk Assessment, is a collection of current research and information on numerous advances on the toxicity and hazardous effects of nanomaterials, including theoretical and experimental approaches as well as nanotechnology applications in the field of medicine, pharmacology, and the manufacture of nanoscale materials. Based on the large number of nanomaterial applications, a careful understanding of the associated systemic and local toxicity is critically required.

Microbial Nanotechnology

Microbial Nanotechnology
A Book

by Mahendra Rai,Patrycja Golińska

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-09-17
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 1000196488
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides an account of the biogenic synthesis of nanomaterials by using different microorganisms. The chapters are focused on the biosynthesis of various metal and metal oxide nanosized materials by using bacteria, actinomycetes, fungi, and algae, including mechanisms of microbial synthesis. Other chapters summarize recent developments of microbial-based nanostructures for the management of food-borne pathogens, plant pathogenic fungi, as nutrients, and biomedical applications. Microorganisms are discussed not only as biofactories for the synthesis of nanomaterials but also as removal agents of toxic metals from the environment. Exposure sources and ecotoxicity of microbially synthesized nanoparticles are also discussed.

Phytotoxicity of Nanoparticles

Phytotoxicity of Nanoparticles
A Book

by Mohammad Faisal,Quaiser Saquib,Abdulrahman A. Alatar,Abdulaziz A. Al-Khedhairy

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-06-28
  • Pages : 407
  • ISBN : 3319767089
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides relevant findings on nanoparticles’ toxicity, their uptake, translocation and mechanisms of interaction with plants at cellular and sub-cellular level. The small size and large specific surface area of nanoparticles endow them with high chemical reactivity and intrinsic toxicity. Such unique physicochemical properties draw global attention of scientists to study potential risks and adverse effects of nanoparticles in the environment. Their toxicity has pronounced effects and consequences for plants and ultimately the whole ecosystem. Plants growing in nanomaterials-polluted sites may exhibit altered metabolism, growth reduction, and lower biomass production. Nanoparticles can adhere to plant roots and exert physicochemical toxicity and subsequently cell death in plants. On the other hand, plants have developed various defense mechanisms against this induced toxicity. This books discusses recent findings as well as several unresolved issues and challenges regarding the interaction and biological effects of nanoparticles. Only detailed studies of these processes and mechanisms will allow researchers to understand the complex plant-nanomaterial interactions.

Silver Nanoparticles

Silver Nanoparticles
Fabrication, Characterization and Applications

by Khan Maaz

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-07
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1789234786
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics

Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics
From Synthesis to Applications

by Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2017-06-22
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 0323527345
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Antimicrobial Nanoarchitectonics: From Synthesis to Applications brings together recent research in antimicrobial nanoparticles, specifically in the sustained and controlled delivery of antimicrobials. Particular attention is given to i) reducing the side effects of antibiotics, ii) increasing the pharmacological effect, and iii) improving aqueous solubility and chemical stability of different antimicrobials. In addition, antimicrobial nanoparticles in drug delivery are discussed extensively. The book also evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections. It is an important reference resource for materials scientists and bioengineers who want to learn how nanomaterials are used in antimicrobial therapy. Provides readers with the information necessary to select the appropriate bionanomaterial to solve particular infection problems Includes case studies, showing how particular bionanomaterials have been used to cure infections Explains the central role that nanotechnology plays in modern antimicrobial therapy Evaluates the pros and cons of using nanostructured biomaterials in the prevention and eradication of infections

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
Toxicity, Health and Environmental Issues

by Challa S. S. R. Kumar

  • Publisher : St. Martin's Press
  • Release : 2006-08-31
  • Pages : 333
  • ISBN : 9783527313853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offering a unique overview of nanoparticle-related environmental risks depending on particle type and exposed surroundings, this volume brings together both medical and nanotechnological aspects. The book adopts an in-depth approach to toxicology from both particle size as well as particle nature, covering all important nanomaterial classes: carbon materials, polymers, metals, and metal oxides. Clearly structured, the text is careful to address the effects on human physiology, air, water and the general environment.

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology

Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology
A Book

by Ajay Kumar,Amit Kishore Singh,Krishna Kumar Choudhary

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-06-20
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0128170050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Role of Plant Growth Promoting Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Nanotechnology explores PGPMs (actinomycetes, bacteria, fungi and cyanobacteria) and their multidimensional roles in agriculture, including their increasing applications in sustainable agriculture. In addition to their traditional understanding and applications in agriculture, PGPMs are increasingly known as a source of nano-particles production that are gaining significant interest in their ability to provide more economically, environmentally friendly and safe technologies to crop growers. The book considers new concepts and current developments in plant growth, thus promoting microorganisms research and evaluating its implications for sustainable productivity. Users will find this to be an invaluable resource for researchers in applied microbial biotechnology, soil science, nano-technology of microbial strains, and industry personnel in these areas. Presents basic and applied aspects of sustainable agriculture, including nano-technology in sustainable agriculture Identifies molecular tools/omics approaches for enhancing plant growth promoting microorganisms Discusses plant growth promoting microorganisms in bioactive compounds production, and as a source of nano-particles

Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications

Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications
A Book

by Azamal Husen,Mohammad Jawaid

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020-03-10
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0128178523
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomaterials for Agriculture and Forestry Applications explores how major nanomaterials are being specially used in the agriculture, forestry, and other associated sectors. Plants and their products are used for synthesis of nanoparticles as they contain primary and secondary metabolites, which reduce the metal salts and metal oxides into their nanoparticles. Exposure of these particles has been examined for their sustainable role and/or interaction with agricultural crops in terms of growth and yields. Nanomaterials accumulation and translocation have shown interaction with cellular organelles, DNA, RNA, proteins, or other biomolecules; and affect various functions of cell organelles. Application of nanosensors holds a significant promise in monitoring signaling pathways, metabolism, detection of crop/soil diseases, and specific pollutants or pesticides. Nanomaterials have also been used in soil and water quality management. In forestry sector, the nanotechnology is considered as the potential platform, which can transform the forest materials into value-added products, such as smart paper, nano-packaging, coating material, building construction, and biomedical and other sectors. This book is an important resource, showing how nanotechnology is being used to enhance large-scale agricultural and/or industrial application and production.

Green Metal Nanoparticles

Green Metal Nanoparticles
Synthesis, Characterization and their Applications

by Suvardhan Kanchi,Shakeel Ahmed

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-11-06
  • Pages : 720
  • ISBN : 1119418232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of biological sources such as microbes and plants can help in synthesizing nanoparticles in a reliable and eco-friendly way. The synthesis of nanoparticles by these natural sources is characterized by processes that take place near to ambient temperature and pressures and also near neutral pH. This edited volume authored by subject specialists, provides all the latest research and builds a database of bioreduction agents to various metal nanoparticles using different precursor systems. The book also highlights the different strategies such as simplicity, cost-effectiveness, environment-friendly and easily scalable, and includes parameters for controlling the size and shape of the materials developed from the various greener methods. In order to exploit the utmost potential metal nanoparticles synthesis from the different sources such as agricultural waste, flora and fauna, food waste, microbes and biopolymer systems, it is also crucial to recognize the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of production of nanoparticles and their characterization.