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Space Safety and Human Performance

Space Safety and Human Performance
A Book

by Barbara G. Kanki,Jean-Francois Clervoy,Gro Sandal

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2017-11-10
  • Pages : 944
  • ISBN : 0081018703
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Space Safety and Human Performance provides a comprehensive reference for engineers and technical managers within aerospace and high technology companies, space agencies, operators, and consulting firms. The book draws upon the expertise of the world’s leading experts in the field and focuses primarily on humans in spaceflight, but also covers operators of control centers on the ground and behavior aspects of complex organizations, thus addressing the entire spectrum of space actors. During spaceflight, human performance can be deeply affected by physical, psychological and psychosocial stressors. Strict selection, intensive training and adequate operational rules are used to fight performance degradation and prepare individuals and teams to effectively manage systems failures and challenging emergencies. The book is endorsed by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS). Provides information on critical aspects of human performance in space missions Addresses the issue of human performance, from physical and psychosocial stressors that can degrade performance, to selection and training principles and techniques to enhance performance Brings together essential material on: cognition and human error; advanced analysis methods such as human reliability analysis; environmental challenges and human performance in space missions; critical human factors and man/machine interfaces in space systems design; crew selection and training; and organizational behavior and safety culture Includes an endorsement by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS)

Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation

Human Performance and Limitations in Aviation
A Book

by R. D. Campbell,Michael Bagshaw

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-04-15
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1405147342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human error is cited as a major cause in over 70% of accidents, andit is widely agreed that a better understanding of humancapabilities and limitations - both physical and psychological -would help reduce human error and improve flight safety. This book was first published when the UK Civil AviationAuthority introduced an examination in human performance andlimitations for all private and professional pilot licences. Nowthe Joint Aviation Authorities of Europe have published a newsyllabus as part of their Joint Aviation Requirements for FlightCrew Licensing. The book has been completely revised and rewritten to takeaccount of the new syllabus. The coverage of basic aviationpsychology has been greatly expanded, and the section on aviationphysiology now includes topics on the high altitude environment andon health maintenance. Throughout, the text avoids excessive jargonand technical language. "There is no doubt that this book provides an excellent basicunderstanding of the human body, its limitations, the psychologicalprocesses and how they interact with the aviation environment. I amcurrently studying for my ATPL Ground Exams and I found this bookto be an invaluable aid. It is equally useful for those studyingfor the PPL and for all pilots who would like to be reminded oftheir physiological and psychological limitations." –General Aviation, June 2002

Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs

Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs
Research at the Frontier

by Lauren Blackwell Landon,Kelley J. Slack,Eduardo Salas

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-09
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0429804334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs: Research at the Frontier, leading space researchers from multiple fields of expertise summarize the recent growth of knowledge, the resulting tools and techniques, and the research still needed to protect humans in space. Making use of cutting-edge research and development related to composing, training, and supporting astronaut crews who will live and work together for future missions to Mars, this book examines the current practices of leaders in the field both at NASA and in academia. Presenting astronaut data alongside data from analogous extreme environments such as mission simulation habitats, this volume helpfully contrasts and compares to examine the lessons that can be learned from other approaches. Using the context of current International Space Station missions, the book discusses the influence of human factors and physiological health on individual and team job performance and social cohesion. With an overview of the physical and psychological hazards of space, and the challenges posed by conducting space-related applied psychology research, this volume uses the context of a long-duration Mars mission as a lens through which to discuss adaptation and resilience, technical and team training, technological advances related to working and living in space, and human interaction with onboard systems. Additionally, the book includes an essay from retired astronaut Clay Anderson on his experiences in space and thoughts on future missions to the moon and Mars. This first of two volumes will be of interest to professionals in the field of human factors and psychology at work, as well as academics examining human performance in extreme environments and aerospace.

Human Health and Performance Risks of Space Exploration Missions

Human Health and Performance Risks of Space Exploration Missions
Evidence Reviewed by the NASA Human Research Program

by Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center

  • Publisher : U. S. National Aeronautics & Space Administration
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Safety Differently

Safety Differently
Human Factors for a New Era, Second Edition

by Sidney Dekker

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-06-23
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1482242001
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of a bestseller, Safety Differently: Human Factors for a New Era is a complete update of Ten Questions About Human Error: A New View of Human Factors and System Safety. Today, the unrelenting pace of technology change and growth of complexity calls for a different kind of safety thinking. Automation and new technologies have resu

Air Traffic Control: Human Performance Factors

Air Traffic Control: Human Performance Factors
A Book

by Anne R. Isaac,Bert Ruitenberg

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-03-02
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 1351959956
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From the Foreword by Captain Daniel Maurino, ICAO: '...Air Traffic Control...will remain a technology-intensive system. People (controllers) must harmoniously interact with technology to contribute to achieve the aviation system’s goals of safe and efficient transportation of passengers and cargo...This book...considers human error and human factors from a contemporary and operational perspective and discusses the parts as well as the whole...I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I did.' The motivation for writing this book comes from the author’s long standing belief that the needs of Air Traffic Service personnel are inadequately represented in the aviation literature. There are few references to air traffic control in many of the books written for pilots and about pilots and this is also observed at the main international conferences. In line with the ICAO syllabus for human factors training for air traffic controllers, the book covers the main issues in air traffic control, with regard to human performance: physiology including stress, fatigue and shift work problems; psychology with emphasis on human error and its management, social psychology including issues of communication and working in teams, the environment including ergonomic principles and working with new technologies and hardware and software issues including the development of documentation and procedures and a study of the changes brought about by advanced technologies. Throughout the text there are actual examples taken from the air traffic control environment to illustrate the issues discussed. A full bibliography is included for those who want to read beyond these issues. It has been written for all in air traffic services, from ab initio to the boardroom; it is important that the men and women in senior management positions have some knowledge and awareness of the fundamental problems that limit and enhance human performance.

Human Performance in General Aviation

Human Performance in General Aviation
A Book

by David O'Hare

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-03-02
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1351929712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first available edited collection of chapters on human performance in general aviation. Each chapter has been written by someone with knowledge of both the research literature and the operational background of general aviation. Chapters are designed to survey the current state of knowledge in areas critical to general aviation and to spell out both the operational implications of this knowledge and the directions needed for future research. Topics covered include strategies for flight instruction; the development of computer-based training; stress and decision making; skill development; the involvement of general aviation pilots in incidents and accidents; human factors implications of GPS use and the future of aircraft design and development in general aviation. The book provides an authoritative outline of currently applicable human factors knowledge for general aviation and a valuable guide to future developments. It features a foreword by Dr Stan Roscoe.

Human Performance Modeling in Aviation

Human Performance Modeling in Aviation
A Book

by David C. Foyle,Becky L. Hooey

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-12-07
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN : 9781420062984
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on the six-year NASA Aviation Safety and Security Program Human Performance Modeling project, a collaboration of five teams from industry and academia, Human Performance Modeling in Aviation chronicles the results of modeling NASA-supplied data on two aviation flight deck problems: pilot surface operations taxi errors, and approach and landing with synthetic vision systems. The book provides a deep understanding of the aviation problems and “what-if” system redesigns of flight deck technologies and procedures. Five modeling teams describe how they applied their models to these two problems and discuss the results in terms of the specific problems addressed, the modeling challenges faced, and the modeling solutions developed to address complex, real-world situations. The book then compares the five modeling tools used, shedding light on the unique approach that each brings to bear on two qualitatively different problems. It includes a “virtual roundtable discussion” that poses questions to each of the five teams and offers take-home lessons and insights into the modeling process and its complexities. The modeling teams also explore the issue of model validation and the approach that they adopted. Concluding with a summary of how modeling fits into the system design and evaluation process, the text covers state-of-the-art advances in human performance modeling for complex systems. Critical for modeling aviation-domain tasks, these modeling capabilities can also be applied to other complex-system domains such as process control, medical applications, surface transportation, and military command and control, which share similar human-system interaction issues.

Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space

Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space
A Book

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1997-08-02
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 0309057442
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space was written in response to a request from NASA's Office of Life and Microgravity Sciences and Applications (OLMSA) to evaluate its Advanced Human Support Technology Program. This report reviews the four major areas of the program: advanced life support (ALS), environmental monitoring and control (EMC), extravehicular activities (EVA), and space human factors (SHF). The focus of this program is on long-term technology development applicable to future human long-duration space missions, such as for a hypothetical new mission to the Moon or Mars.

Human Factors and Ergonomics in Practice

Human Factors and Ergonomics in Practice
Improving System Performance and Human Well-Being in the Real World

by Steven Shorrock,Claire Williams

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-11-18
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN : 1317120337
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book concerns the real practice of human factors and ergonomics (HF/E), conveying the perspectives and experiences of practitioners and other stakeholders in a variety of industrial sectors, organisational settings and working contexts. The book blends literature on the nature of practice with diverse and eclectic reflections from experience in a range of contexts, from healthcare to agriculture. It explores what helps and what hinders the achievement of the core goals of HF/E: improved system performance and human wellbeing.?The book should be of interest to current HF/E practitioners, future HF/E practitioners, allied practitioners, HF/E advocates and ambassadors, researchers, policy makers and regulators, and clients of HF/E services and products.

Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs

Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs
Research at the Frontier

by Lauren Blackwell Landon,Kelley J. Slack,Eduardo Salas

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-09
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0429804334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Psychology and Human Performance in Space Programs: Research at the Frontier, leading space researchers from multiple fields of expertise summarize the recent growth of knowledge, the resulting tools and techniques, and the research still needed to protect humans in space. Making use of cutting-edge research and development related to composing, training, and supporting astronaut crews who will live and work together for future missions to Mars, this book examines the current practices of leaders in the field both at NASA and in academia. Presenting astronaut data alongside data from analogous extreme environments such as mission simulation habitats, this volume helpfully contrasts and compares to examine the lessons that can be learned from other approaches. Using the context of current International Space Station missions, the book discusses the influence of human factors and physiological health on individual and team job performance and social cohesion. With an overview of the physical and psychological hazards of space, and the challenges posed by conducting space-related applied psychology research, this volume uses the context of a long-duration Mars mission as a lens through which to discuss adaptation and resilience, technical and team training, technological advances related to working and living in space, and human interaction with onboard systems. Additionally, the book includes an essay from retired astronaut Clay Anderson on his experiences in space and thoughts on future missions to the moon and Mars. This first of two volumes will be of interest to professionals in the field of human factors and psychology at work, as well as academics examining human performance in extreme environments and aerospace.

Cockpit Resource Management

Cockpit Resource Management
A Book

by Earl L. Wiener,Barbara G. Kanki,Robert L. Helmreich

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 1995-12
  • Pages : 519
  • ISBN : 012750026X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) has gained increased attention from the airline industry in recent years due to the growing number of accidents and near misses in airline traffic. This book, authored by the first generation of CRM experts, is the first comprehensive work on CRM. Cockpit Resource Management is a far-reaching discussion of crew coordination, communication, and resources from both within and without the cockpit. A valuable resource for commercialand military airline training curriculum, the book is also a valuable reference for business professionals who are interested in effective communication among interactive personnel. Key Features * Discusses international and cultural aspects of CRM * Examines the design and implementation of Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT) * Explains CRM, LOFT, and cockpit automation * Provides a case history of CRM training which improved flight safety for a major airline

Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance

Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance
A Book

by Tracey D Matthews,Kimberly T Kostelis

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-12-19
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 0429839324
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance, 2nd edition shows students how to become effective producers and consumers of health and human performance research. Like the first edition, this edition provides comprehensive coverage of both quantitative and qualitative research methods and includes step-by-step guidance for writing effective research proposals and theses. In addition, the authors show how to read, assess, interpret, and apply published research and how to conduct basic studies in health, physical education, exercise science, athletic training, and recreation. In this edition, the authors have also expanded areas of research design to include the PICO (patient problem or population, intervention, comparison, and outcomes) technique. Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance, 2nd edition is filled with more up-to-date illustrative examples that emphasize the real-world applications of research methods. Throughout, the authors draw on a variety of examples that were selected because they provide a context to further the understanding of health and human performance research. Research to Practice examples and Tips are included by the authors to help students better appreciate the book’s content. Additionally, new to this edition, is Pulse Check, which provides an opportunity for students to engage in critical thinking in all things research. These study aids provide suggestions and additional resources to assist students in understanding the research process. Key terms, defined and highlighted, enrich each chapter. The end of each chapter includes Applying What You Learned sections designed to help students comprehend and follow best practices in research methods. Online resources and guides developed by the authors to support and enhance students’ learning of important research concepts are available.

Human Performance on the Flight Deck

Human Performance on the Flight Deck
A Book

by Don Harris

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1351929682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Taking an integrated, systems approach to dealing exclusively with the human performance issues encountered on the flight deck of the modern airliner, this book describes the inter-relationships between the various application areas of human factors, recognising that the human contribution to the operation of an airliner does not fall into neat pigeonholes. The relationship between areas such as pilot selection, training, flight deck design and safety management is continually emphasised within the book. It also affirms the upside of human factors in aviation - the positive contribution that it can make to the industry - and avoids placing undue emphasis on when the human component fails. The book is divided into four main parts. Part one describes the underpinning science base, with chapters on human information processing, workload, situation awareness, decision making, error and individual differences. Part two of the book looks at the human in the system, containing chapters on pilot selection, simulation and training, stress, fatigue and alcohol, and environmental stressors. Part three takes a closer look at the machine (the aircraft), beginning with an examination of flight deck display design, followed by chapters on aircraft control, flight deck automation, and HCI on the flight deck. Part four completes the volume with a consideration of safety management issues, both on the flight deck and across the airline; the final chapter in this section looks at human factors for incident and accident investigation. The book is written for professionals within the aviation industry, both on the flight deck and elsewhere, for post-graduate students and for researchers working in the area.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Space Station Systems

Space Station Systems
A Bibliography with Indexes. Supplement 4

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1987
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents

Managing the Risks of Organizational Accidents
A Book

by James Reason

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-01-29
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1134855354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Major accidents are rare events due to the many barriers, safeguards and defences developed by modern technologies. But they continue to happen with saddening regularity and their human and financial consequences are all too often unacceptably catastrophic. One of the greatest challenges we face is to develop more effective ways of both understanding and limiting their occurrence. This lucid book presents a set of common principles to further our knowledge of the causes of major accidents in a wide variety of high-technology systems. It also describes tools and techniques for managing the risks of such organizational accidents that go beyond those currently available to system managers and safety professionals. James Reason deals comprehensively with the prevention of major accidents arising from human and organizational causes. He argues that the same general principles and management techniques are appropriate for many different domains. These include banks and insurance companies just as much as nuclear power plants, oil exploration and production companies, chemical process installations and air, sea and rail transport. Its unique combination of principles and practicalities make this seminal book essential reading for all whose daily business is to manage, audit and regulate hazardous technologies of all kinds. It is relevant to those concerned with understanding and controlling human and organizational factors and will also interest academic readers and those working in industrial and government agencies.

Safety Design for Space Systems

Safety Design for Space Systems
A Book

by Gary E. Musgrave Ph.D,Axel Larsen,Tommaso Sgobba

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2009-03-27
  • Pages : 992
  • ISBN : 9780080559223
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Progress in space safety lies in the acceptance of safety design and engineering as an integral part of the design and implementation process for new space systems. Safety must be seen as the principle design driver of utmost importance from the outset of the design process, which is only achieved through a culture change that moves all stakeholders toward front-end loaded safety concepts. This approach entails a common understanding and mastering of basic principles of safety design for space systems at all levels of the program organisation. Fully supported by the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS), written by the leading figures in the industry, with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle and the International Space Station, this book provides a comprehensive reference for aerospace engineers in industry. It addresses each of the key elements that impact on space systems safety, including: the space environment (natural and induced); human physiology in space; human rating factors; emergency capabilities; launch propellants and oxidizer systems; life support systems; battery and fuel cell safety; nuclear power generators (NPG) safety; habitat activities; fire protection; safety-critical software development; collision avoidance systems design; operations and on-orbit maintenance. * The only comprehensive space systems safety reference, its must-have status within space agencies and suppliers, technical and aerospace libraries is practically guaranteed * Written by the leading figures in the industry from NASA, ESA, JAXA, (et cetera), with frontline experience from projects ranging from the Apollo missions, Skylab, the Space Shuttle, small and large satellite systems, and the International Space Station. * Superb quality information for engineers, programme managers, suppliers and aerospace technologists; fully supported by the IAASS (International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety)

Human Performance, Workload, and Situational Awareness Measures Handbook

Human Performance, Workload, and Situational Awareness Measures Handbook
A Book

by Valerie J. Gawron

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-03-24
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9781420064506
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human performance measurement is the cornerstone of human factors and experimental psychology and the Human Performance Measures Handbook has long been its foundational reference. Reflecting a wider range and scope, the second edition, newly named Human Performance, Workload, and Situational Awareness Measures Handbook, presents changes in th

The 5 Principles of Human Performance: A Contemporary Update of the Building Blocks of Human Performance for the New View of Safety

The 5 Principles of Human Performance: A Contemporary Update of the Building Blocks of Human Performance for the New View of Safety
A Book

by Todd E. Conklin

  • Publisher : Independently Published
  • Release : 2019-01-23
  • Pages : 134
  • ISBN : 9781794639140
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conklin's book is an interesting and informal discussion with the reader about the 5 Principles of Human Performance principle by principle, chapter by chapter. These 5 theroies about how humans perform in organiations are principles, the building blocks of Human Performance, through which we have established a new way to think about safety and reliability in our worlds. ...and changing the way we think about work is a vital step towards improvement.Work never stops and work is never normal. This idea would scare a mere-mortal manager, but an enlightened leader knows the power of continuous learning and improvement. Work is constantly in motion, therefore learning must continue. Work is never the same, therefore we never really know how work is being done. If we don't know how we perform work how will we know how we can improve?The 5 Principles of Human Performance are, in a sense, a repository of the central values of Human Performance. Keeping these principles at the core of our thinking, training, and practices will allow the basic building blocks of this philosophy to help organizational programs reduce the normal philosophical drift that is present and predictable in all safety programs. Having these espoused principles keeps us all honest and keeps our Human Performance effort on track and successful.