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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Candan Gokceoglu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-01-18
  • Pages : 798
  • ISBN : 0128156953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spatial Modeling in GIS and R for Earth and Environmental Sciences offers an integrated approach to spatial modelling using both GIS and R. Given the importance of Geographical Information Systems and geostatistics across a variety of applications in Earth and Environmental Science, a clear link between GIS and open source software is essential for the study of spatial objects or phenomena that occur in the real world and facilitate problem-solving. Organized into clear sections on applications and using case studies, the book helps researchers to more quickly understand GIS data and formulate more complex conclusions. The book is the first reference to provide methods and applications for combining the use of R and GIS in modeling spatial processes. It is an essential tool for students and researchers in earth and environmental science, especially those looking to better utilize GIS and spatial modeling. Offers a clear, interdisciplinary guide to serve researchers in a variety of fields, including hazards, land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, geophysics, geology, natural resources, environment and geography Provides an overview, methods and case studies for each application Expresses concepts and methods at an appropriate level for both students and new users to learn by example

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions

Gully Erosion Studies from India and Surrounding Regions
A Book

by Pravat Kumar Shit,Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Gouri Sankar Bhunia

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-19
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 3030232433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers the scientific basis for the ample evaluation of badland management in India and some surrounding regions. It examines the processes operating in the headwaters and main channels of ephemeral rivers in lateritic environments of India. In particular, the book covers a range of vital topics in the areas of gully erosion and water to soil erosion at lateritic uplands regions of India and other regions in Asia. It explores the probable gully erosion modeling through Remote Sensing & GIS Techniques. It is divided into three units. Unit I deals with the introduction of badland, types of badland and the process of badland formation. Unit II is devoted to a description of quantitative measurements. Unit III deals with the control and management processes related to various issues from different regions. As such this book serves as a reference book for research activities in this area. It is an efficient guide for aspiring researchers in applied geography, explaining advanced techniques to help students recognize both simple and complex concepts.

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion

The Effect of Hydrology on Soil Erosion
A Book

by Jesús Rodrigo-Comino,José María Senciales-González,José Damián Ruiz-Sinoga

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2021-01-21
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 3039366440
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Special Issue includes manuscripts about soil erosion and degradation processes and the accelerated rates due to hydrological processes and climate change. The new research included in this issue focuses on measurements, modeling, and experiments in field or laboratory conditions developed at different scales (pedon, hillslope, and catchment). This Special Issue received investigations from different parts of the world such as Ethiopia, Morocco, China, Iran, Italy, Portugal, Greece, and Spain, among others. We are happy to see that all papers presented findings characterized as unconventional, provocative, innovative, and methodologically new. We hope that the readers of the journal Water can enjoy and learn about hydrology and soil erosion using the published material, and share the results with the scientific community, policymakers, and stakeholders to continue this amazing adventure, facing plenty of issues and challenges.

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form

Spatial Modeling and Assessment of Urban Form
Analysis of Urban Growth: From Sprawl to Compact Using Geospatial Data

by Biswajeet Pradhan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-08
  • Pages : 331
  • ISBN : 3319542176
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the application of Geospatial data, Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) technologies in analysis and modeling of urban growth process, and its pattern, with special focus on sprawl and compact form of urban development. The book explains these two kinds of urban forms (sprawl and compact urban development) in detail regarding their advantages, disadvantages, indicators, assessment, modeling, implementation and their relationship with urban sustainability. It confirms that the proposed modeling approaches, geospatial data and GIS are very practical for identifying urban growth, land use change patterns and their general trends in future. The analyses and modeling approaches presented in this book can be employed to guide the identification and measurements of the changes and growth likely to happen in urban areas. In addition, this book can be helpful for town planning and development in order to design urban areas in a compact form and eventually sustainable manner.

GIS and Environmental Modeling

GIS and Environmental Modeling
Progress and Research Issues

by Michael F. Goodchild,Louis T. Steyaert,Bradley O. Parks,Carol Johnston,David Maidment,Michael Crane,Sandi Glendinning

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1996-09-30
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9780470236772
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues Michael F. Goodchild, Louis T. Steyaert, Bradley O. Parks, Carol Johnston, David Maidment, Michael Crane, and Sandi Glendinning, Editors With growing pressure on natural resources and landscapes there is an increasing need to predict the consequences of any changes to the environment. Modelling plays an important role in this by helping our understanding of the environment and by forecasting likely impacts. In recent years moves have been made to link models to Geographical Information Systems to provide a means of analysing changes over an area as well as over time. GIS and Environmental Modeling explores the progress made to date in integrating these two software systems. Approaches to the subject are made from theoretical, technical as well as data stand points. The existing capabilities of current systems are described along with important issues of data availability, accuracy and error. Various case studies illustrate this and highlight the common concepts and issues that exist between researchers in different environmental fields. The future needs and prospects for integrating GIS and environmental models are also explored with developments in both data handling and modelling discussed. The book brings together the knowledge and experience of over 100 researchers from academic, commercial and government backgrounds who work in a wide range of disciplines. The themes followed in the text provide a fund of knowledge and guidance for those involved in environmental modelling and GIS. The book is easily accessible for readers with a basic GIS knowledge and the ideas and results of the research are clearly illustrated with both colour and black and white graphics.

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data

Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data
Space-Time and Spacetime Data Considerations

by Jiaping Wu,Junyu He,George Christakos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-15
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 9780128163412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Quantitative Analysis and Modeling of Earth and Environmental Data: Applications for Spatial and Temporal Variation offers a systematic, quantitative analysis of multi-sourced data, including the spatial distribution and temporal dynamics of natural attributes. It covers data handling techniques that may vary by space and/or time, and aims to improve understanding of physical laws of change underlying available numerical datasets, while also considering in-situ uncertainties and relevant measurement errors (conceptual, technical, computational). Featuring real-world practical applications and practice exercises, this book is a comprehensive step-by-step tutorial of data-driven techniques that will help students and researchers master data analysis in earth and environmental sciences. The notions and methods presented in the book cover a wide range of data in various forms and sources, including hard measurements, soft observations, secondary information and auxiliary variables (ground-level measurements, satellite observations, scientific instruments and records, protocols and surveys, empirical models and charts). Addresses the analysis and processing data that varies spatially and/or temporally, which is the case with the majority of data in scientific and engineering disciplines Covers a wide range of data describing a variety of attributes characterizing physical phenomena and systems including earth, ocean and atmospheric variables, environmental and ecological parameters, population health states, disease indicators, and social and economic characteristics Includes case studies and practice exercises at the end of each chapter for both real-world applications and deeper understanding of the concepts presented

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing

Environmental Modelling with GIS and Remote Sensing
A Book

by Andrew Skidmore

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-08-11
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0203302214
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most government agencies and private companies are investing significant resources in the production and use of geographical data. The capabilities of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for data analysis are also improving, to the extent that the potential performance of GIS software and the data available for analysis outstrip the abilities of

Natural Hazards GIS-Based Spatial Modeling Using Data Mining Techniques

Natural Hazards GIS-Based Spatial Modeling Using Data Mining Techniques
A Book

by Hamid Reza Pourghasemi,Mauro Rossi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-12-13
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 3319733834
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited volume assesses capabilities of data mining algorithms for spatial modeling of natural hazards in different countries based on a collection of essays written by experts in the field. The book is organized on different hazards including landslides, flood, forest fire, land subsidence, earthquake, and gully erosion. Chapters were peer-reviewed by recognized scholars in the field of natural hazards research. Each chapter provides an overview on the topic, methods applied, and discusses examples used. The concepts and methods are explained at a level that allows undergraduates to understand and other readers learn through examples. This edited volume is shaped and structured to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of all covered topics. It serves as a reference for researchers from different fields including land surveying, remote sensing, cartography, GIS, geophysics, geology, natural resources, and geography. It also serves as a guide for researchers, students, organizations, and decision makers active in land use planning and hazard management.

Bulletin

Bulletin
A Book

by Special Libraries Association. Geography and Map Division

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spatial Data Analysis in the Social and Environmental Sciences

Spatial Data Analysis in the Social and Environmental Sciences
A Book

by Robert Haining

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 1993-08-26
  • Pages : 409
  • ISBN : 9780521448666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A spatial data set is a data set in which each observation is referenced to a site or area. Within both the social and environmental sciences, much of the data collected is within a spatial context and requires statistical analysis for interpretation. The purpose of this book, therefore, is to describe to students and research workers in the social and environmental sciences the current methods available for the analyses of spatial data. Methods described include data description, map interpolation, exploratory and explanatory analyses. The book also examines how spatial referencing raises a distinctive set of issues for the data analyst and recognizes the need to test underlying statistical assumptions. Further, methods for detecting problems, assessing their seriousness and taking appropriate action are discussed.

GIS Technology Applications in Environmental and Earth Sciences

GIS Technology Applications in Environmental and Earth Sciences
A Book

by Bai Tian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-09-19
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN : 131534985X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book starts with an overview of GIS technology, what GIS technology is, what it can do, what software products are available, etc. Then, throughout the book, the author explains with many case studies, programs, maps, graphics, and 3D models how GIS and other related technologies can be used to automate mapping processes, collect, process, edit, store, manage, and share datasets, statistically analyze data, model, and visualize large datasets to understand patterns, trends, and relationships to make educated decisions. This book is an excellent resource for anyone who is interested in GIS and related technologies, geology, natural resource, and environmental science.

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science

GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science
A Book

by Dr. Senapathi Venkatramanan,Dr. Prasanna Mohan Viswanathan,Sang Yong Chung

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-05-28
  • Pages : 389
  • ISBN : 0128154144
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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GIS and Geostatistical Techniques for Groundwater Science provides a detailed synthesis of the application of GIS and geostatistics in groundwater studies. As the book illustrates, GIS can be a powerful tool for developing solutions for water resource problems, assessing water quality, and managing water resources. Beginning with an introduction to the history of GIS and geostatistical techniques in groundwater studies, the book then describes various spatial techniques, including case studies for various applications, from quality assessment, to resource management. This book assembles the most up-to-date techniques in GIS and geostatistics as they relate to groundwater, one of our most important natural resources. Provides details on the application of GIS and statistics in groundwater studies Includes practical coverage of the use of spatial analysis techniques in groundwater science Bridges the gap between geostatistics and GIS as it relates to groundwater science and management Offers worldwide case studies to illustrate various techniques and applications in addressing groundwater issues

Advanced Environmental Monitoring with Remote Sensing Time Series Data and R

Advanced Environmental Monitoring with Remote Sensing Time Series Data and R
A Book

by Alexandra Gemitzi,Nikolaos Koutsias,Venkat Lakshmi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-11-20
  • Pages : 102
  • ISBN : 042955267X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a step-by-step guide on how to use various publicly available remotely sensed time series data sources for environmental monitoring and assessment. Readers will learn how to extract valuable information on global changes from a 20-year collection of ready-to-use remotely sensed data through the free open statistical software R and its geographic data analysis and modeling tools. The case studies are from the Mediterranean region—a designated hot spot regarding climate change effects. Each chapter is dedicated to specific remote sensing products chosen for their spatial resolution. The methods used are adapted from large-scale to smaller-scale problems for different land cover areas. Features Includes real-world applications of environmental remotely sensed data Analyzes the advantages and restrictions of each data source Focuses on a wide spectrum of applications, such as hydrology, vegetation changes, land surface temperature, fire detection, and impacts Includes R computer codes with explanatory comments and all applications use only freely available remotely sensed data Presents a step-by-step processing through open source GIS and statistical analysis software Advanced Environmental Monitoring with Remote Sensing Time Series Data and R describes and provides details on recent advances concerning publicly available remotely sensed time series data in environmental monitoring and assessment. This book is a must-have practical guide for environmental researchers, professionals, and students.

An Introduction to R for Spatial Analysis and Mapping

An Introduction to R for Spatial Analysis and Mapping
A Book

by Chris Brunsdon,Lex Comber

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2018-12-10
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 152645422X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a new edition of the accessible and student-friendly 'how to' for anyone using R for the first time, for use in spatial statistical analysis, geocomputation and digital mapping. The authors, once again, take readers from ‘zero to hero’, updating the now standard text to further enable practical R applications in GIS, spatial analyses, spatial statistics, web-scraping and more. Revised and updated, each chapter includes: example data and commands to explore hands-on; scripts and coding to exemplify specific functionality; self-contained exercises for students to work through; embedded code within the descriptive text. The new edition includes detailed discussion of new and emerging packages within R like sf, ggplot, tmap, making it the go to introduction for all researchers collecting and using data with location attached. This is the introduction to the use of R for spatial statistical analysis, geocomputation, and GIS for all researchers - regardless of discipline - collecting and using data with location attached.

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R

Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R
A Book

by Roger S. Bivand,Edzer Pebesma,Virgilio Gómez-Rubio

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 405
  • ISBN : 1461476186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Applied Spatial Data Analysis with R, second edition, is divided into two basic parts, the first presenting R packages, functions, classes and methods for handling spatial data. This part is of interest to users who need to access and visualise spatial data. Data import and export for many file formats for spatial data are covered in detail, as is the interface between R and the open source GRASS GIS and the handling of spatio-temporal data. The second part showcases more specialised kinds of spatial data analysis, including spatial point pattern analysis, interpolation and geostatistics, areal data analysis and disease mapping. The coverage of methods of spatial data analysis ranges from standard techniques to new developments, and the examples used are largely taken from the spatial statistics literature. All the examples can be run using R contributed packages available from the CRAN website, with code and additional data sets from the book's own website. Compared to the first edition, the second edition covers the more systematic approach towards handling spatial data in R, as well as a number of important and widely used CRAN packages that have appeared since the first edition. This book will be of interest to researchers who intend to use R to handle, visualise, and analyse spatial data. It will also be of interest to spatial data analysts who do not use R, but who are interested in practical aspects of implementing software for spatial data analysis. It is a suitable companion book for introductory spatial statistics courses and for applied methods courses in a wide range of subjects using spatial data, including human and physical geography, geographical information science and geoinformatics, the environmental sciences, ecology, public health and disease control, economics, public administration and political science. The book has a website where complete code examples, data sets, and other support material may be found: http://www.asdar-book.org. The authors have taken part in writing and maintaining software for spatial data handling and analysis with R in concert since 2003.

Spatial Statistics

Spatial Statistics
GeoSpatial Information Modeling and Thematic Mapping

by Mohammed A. Kalkhan

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-05-09
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 1439891117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Geospatial information modeling and mapping has become an important tool for the investigation and management of natural resources at the landscape scale. Spatial Statistics: GeoSpatial Information Modeling and Thematic Mapping reviews the types and applications of geospatial information data, such as remote sensing, geographic information systems

Geomatica

Geomatica
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Environmental Modelling

Environmental Modelling
Finding Simplicity in Complexity

by John Wainwright,Mark Mulligan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-01-22
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 1118351487
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Simulation models are an established method used to investigate processes and solve practical problems in a wide variety of disciplines. Central to the concept of this second edition is the idea that environmental systems are complex, open systems. The authors present the diversity of approaches to dealing with environmental complexity and then encourage readers to make comparisons between these approaches and between different disciplines. Environmental Modelling: Finding Simplicity in Complexity 2nd edition is divided into four main sections: An overview of methods and approaches to modelling. State of the art for modelling environmental processes Tools used and models for management Current and future developments. The second edition evolves from the first by providing additional emphasis and material for those students wishing to specialize in environmental modelling. This edition: Focuses on simplifying complex environmental systems. Reviews current software, tools and techniques for modelling. Gives practical examples from a wide variety of disciplines, e.g. climatology, ecology, hydrology, geomorphology and engineering. Has an associated website containing colour images, links to WWW resources and chapter support pages, including data sets relating to case studies, exercises and model animations. This book is suitable for final year undergraduates and postgraduates in environmental modelling, environmental science, civil engineering and biology who will already be familiar with the subject and are moving on to specialize in the field. It is also designed to appeal to professionals interested in the environmental sciences, including environmental consultants, government employees, civil engineers, geographers, ecologists, meteorologists, and geochemists.

Spatial Analysis

Spatial Analysis
Statistics, Visualization, and Computational Methods

by Tonny J. Oyana,Florence Margai

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2015-07-28
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 1498707645
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An introductory text for the next generation of geospatial analysts and data scientists, Spatial Analysis: Statistics, Visualization, and Computational Methods focuses on the fundamentals of spatial analysis using traditional, contemporary, and computational methods. Outlining both non-spatial and spatial statistical concepts, the authors present practical applications of geospatial data tools, techniques, and strategies in geographic studies. They offer a problem-based learning (PBL) approach to spatial analysis—containing hands-on problem-sets that can be worked out in MS Excel or ArcGIS—as well as detailed illustrations and numerous case studies. The book enables readers to: Identify types and characterize non-spatial and spatial data Demonstrate their competence to explore, visualize, summarize, analyze, optimize, and clearly present statistical data and results Construct testable hypotheses that require inferential statistical analysis Process spatial data, extract explanatory variables, conduct statistical tests, and explain results Understand and interpret spatial data summaries and statistical tests Spatial Analysis: Statistics, Visualization, and Computational Methods incorporates traditional statistical methods, spatial statistics, visualization, and computational methods and algorithms to provide a concept-based problem-solving learning approach to mastering practical spatial analysis. Topics covered include: spatial descriptive methods, hypothesis testing, spatial regression, hot spot analysis, geostatistics, spatial modeling, and data science.

Three Dimensional Applications In GIS

Three Dimensional Applications In GIS
A Book

by Jonathan Raper

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1989-07-05
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9780850667769
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides a survey of the approaches used and the problems encountered in the model of real geophysical data.