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Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials

Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials
A Book

by Sanjay J. Dhoble,Vijay B. Pawade,Hendrik C. Swart,Vibha Chopra

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-30
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0081029365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spectroscopy of Lanthanide Doped Oxide Materials provides a comprehensive overview on the most essential characterization techniques of these materials, along with their key applications. The book describes the application of optical spectroscopy of lanthanides doped inorganic phosphor hosts and gives information about their structure and morphology, binding energies, energy of transition and band gap. Also discussed are the properties and applications of rare earth doped inorganic materials and the barriers and potential solutions to enable the commercial realization of phosphors in important applications. The book reviews key information for those entering the field of phosphor research, along with the fundamental knowledge of the properties of transition series elements under UV/Visible/NIR light exposer. Low-cost materials methods to synthesize the materials and spectroscopic characterization methods are also detailed. Reviews the barriers and potential solutions to enable commercial realization of inorganic phosphors Discusses low-cost material methods to synthesize and characterize lanthanide doped oxide materials Provides readers with a comprehensive overview on key properties for the most relevant applications, such as lighting and display, energy conversion and solar cell devices

Luminescence Spectroscopy of Lanthanides

Luminescence Spectroscopy of Lanthanides
Optical Properties of Lanthanide-doped Oxide Materials

by Kadathala Linganna

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 182
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Materials for Visible Light Photocatalysis

Nanostructured Materials for Visible Light Photocatalysis
A Book

by Arpan Kumar Nayak,Niroj Kumar Sahu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-10-10
  • Pages : 636
  • ISBN : 0128230509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanostructured Materials for Visible Light Photocatalysis describes the various methods of synthesizing different classes of nanostructured materials that are used as photocatalysts for the degradation of organic hazardous dyes under visible light irradiation. The first three chapters include a general introduction, basic principles, mechanisms, and synthesis methods of nanomaterials for visible light photocatalysis. Recent advances in carbon, bismuth series, transition metal oxide and chalcogenides-based nanostructured materials for visible light photocatalysis are discussed. Later chapters describe the role of phosphides, nitrides, and rare earth-based nanostructured-based materials in visible light photocatalysis, as well as the characteristics, synthesis, and fabrication of photocatalysts. The role of doping, composites, defects, different facets, morphology of nanostructured materials and green technology for efficient dye removal under visible-light irradiation are also explored. Other topics covered include large-scale production of nanostructured materials, the challenges in present photocatalytic research, the future scope of nanostructured materials regarding environmental hazard remediation under visible light, and solar light harvesting. This book is a valuable reference to researchers and enables them to learn more about designing advanced nanostructured materials for wastewater treatment and visible-light irradiation. Covers all the recent developments of nanostructured photocatalytic materials Provides a clear overview of the mechanism of visible light photocatalysis and the controlled synthesis of nanostructured materials Assesses the major challenges of creating visible light photocatalysis systems at the nanoscale

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
A Book

by Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-05-21
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1000073203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials

Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials
A Book

by Sahar Zinatloo-Ajabshir

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2022-01-15
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0323899587
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Rare Earth-Based Ceramic Nanomaterials focuses on recent advances related to preparation methods and applications of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials. Different approaches for synthesizing rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials are discussed, along with their advantages and disadvantages for applications in various fields. Sections cover rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials like ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), rare earth vanadates, rare earth titanates, rare earth zirconates, rare earth stannates, rare earth-based tungstates, rare earth-based manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds. Reviews the chemistry and processing of rare earth doped ceramic nanomaterials and their characteristics and applications Covers a broad range of materials, including ceria and rare earth oxides (R2O3), vanadates, titanates, zirconates, stannates, tungstates, manganites, ferrites, cobaltites, nickelates, rare earth doped semiconductor nanomaterials, rare earth molybdates, rare earth-based nanocomposites, rare earth-based compounds for solar cells, and laser nanomaterials based on rare-earth compounds Includes different approaches to synthesizing each family of rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials, along with their advantages and disadvantages Provides green chemistry-based methods for the preparation of advanced rare earth-based ceramic nanomaterials

Luminescent Nanomaterials

Luminescent Nanomaterials
A Book

by Odireleng Martin Ntwaeaborwa

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2022-05-19
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 1000565777
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent decades, luminescent nanomaterials have generated great interest in the scientific community due to their unique properties, which are different from those of their bulk counterparts, and their use in a wide variety of applications. Today, luminescent nanomaterials are used in a number of applications such as displays, solid-state lighting, solar cells, long afterglow, dosimetry, theft prevention, medical imaging, phototherapy, and quantum and gas sensing. This book presents cutting-edge research from experts in the field of synthesis and characterization of luminescent nanomaterials and their potential applications. It covers interesting topics in semiconductor physics, photochemistry, physical chemistry, materials science, and luminescence, and will be useful for beginners and advanced researchers interested in this field.

Upconverting Nanoparticles

Upconverting Nanoparticles
From Fundamentals to Applications

by Vineet K. Rai

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2022-04-14
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 3527834877
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern learning resource providing broad coverage of the rapidly-advancing field of upconverting nanoparticles This modern reference explains photon upconversion technology using nanoparticles from first principles to novel and future applications in imaging, sensing, catalysis, energy technology, biomedicine, and many other areas. Expert authors discuss both established and novel materials and applications, going far beyond the coverage of previously published books on the subject. Key topics covered in the book include: Synthesis, characterization, and basic properties of nanoparticles with photon-upconverting properties New types of upconverting nanoparticles, including transition metal- and rare earth-doped materials, metal-organic frameworks, core/shell particles, and surface-modified particles Current and emerging application areas for upconverting nanoparticles, including heating, lighting, sensing, and detection Biomedical uses of nanoparticles, including photodynamic therapy Photon upconversion using nanoparticles has opened the door to a new universe of light-powered technology. This book is a key resource for scientists, physicists, and chemists across a wide range of disciplines who wish to master the theory, methods and applications of this powerful new technology.

Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation

Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation
A Book

by Baldassare Di Bartolo,John Collins

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-11-03
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 904819976X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume describes an impressive array of the current photonic-related technologies being used in the investigation of biological systems. The topics include various types of microscopy (fluorescence correlation microscopy, two-photon microscopy), sensitive detection of biological molecules, nano-surgery techniques, fluorescence resonance energy transfer, nano-plasmonics, terahertz spectroscopy, and photosynthetic energy conversion. The emphasis is on the physical principles behind each technique, and on examining the advantages and limitations of each.The book begins with an overview by Paras Prasad, a leader in the field of biophotonics, of several important optical techniques currently used for studying biological systems. In the subsequent chapters these techniques are discussed in depth, providing the reader with a detailed understanding of the basic physical principles at work. An excellent treatment of terahertz spectroscopy demonstrates how photonics is being extended beyond the visible region. Recent results in the use of femtosecond lasers as a tool to porate cell walls demonstrate that the manipulation of light can be used as a tool for the study and the treatment of biological systems. The field of Bio-photonics is broad and still growing, so cannot be covered comprehensively in one volume. But here the reader will find an introduction to some of the major tools used for studying biological systems, and at the same time a detailed, first-principles treatment of the physics behind these tools.

Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides

Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides
Magnetic and Hyperfine Interactions

by Brian G. Wybourne,Lidia Smentek

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2007-04-25
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9781420006933
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides: Magnetic and Hyperfine Interactions represents the sixth and final book by the late Brian Wybourne, an accomplished pioneer in the spectroscopy of rare earth ions, and Lidia Smentek, a leading theoretical physicist in the field. The book provides a definitive and up-to-date theoretical description of spectroscopic properties of lanthanides doped in various materials. The book integrates computer-assisted calculations developed since Wybourne’s classic publication on the topic. It contains useful MapleTM routines, discussions, and new aspects of the theory of f-electron systems. Establishing a unified basis for understanding state-of-the-art applications and techniques used in the field, the book reviews fundamentals based on Wybourne’s graduate lectures, which include the theory of nuclei, the theory of angular momentum, Racah algebra, and effective tensor operators. It then describes magnetic and hyperfine interactions and their impact on the energy structure and transition amplitudes of the lanthanide ions. The text culminates with a relativistic description of f↔f electric and magnetic dipole transitions, covering sensitized luminescence and a new parametrization scheme of f-spectra. Optical Spectroscopy of Lanthanides enables scientists to construct accurate and reliable theoretical models to elucidate lanthanides and their properties. This text is ideal for exploring a range of lanthanide applications including electronic data storage, lasers, superconductors, medicine, nuclear engineering, and nanomaterials.

Synthesis and Spectroscopy of Upconverting Lanthanide-doped Nanocrystals

Synthesis and Spectroscopy of Upconverting Lanthanide-doped Nanocrystals
A Book

by John-Christopher Boyer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials

Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials
From Fundamentals to Bioapplications

by Xueyuan Chen,Yongsheng Liu,Datao Tu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-04
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 3642403646
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lanthanide-Doped Luminescent Nanomaterials reviews the latest advances in the development of lanthanide-doped luminescent inorganic nanoparticles for potential bioapplications. This book covers the chemical and physical fundamentals of these nanoparticles, such as the controlled synthesis methodology, surface modification chemistry, optical physics, and their promising applications in diverse bioassays, with an emphasis on heterogeneous and homogeneous in-vitro biodetection of tumor biomarkers. This book is intended for those readers who are interested in systematically understanding the materials design strategy, optical behavior of lanthanide ions, and practical bioapplications of lanthanide nanoparticles. It primarily focuses on the interdisciplinary frontiers in chemistry, physics and biological aspects of luminescent nanomaterials. All chapters were written by scientists active in this field and for a broad audience, providing both beginners and advanced researchers with comprehensive information on the subject. Xueyuan Chen is a Professor at Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter (FJIRSM), Chinese Academy of Sciences. Yongsheng Liu is a Research Associate Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Datao Tu is a Research Assistant Professor at FJIRSM, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials

Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials
A Book

by Leah Bergman,Jeanne L. McHale

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-19
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN : 1439834806
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photoluminescence spectroscopy is an important approach for examining the optical interactions in semiconductors and optical devices with the goal of gaining insight into material properties. With contributions from researchers at the forefront of this field, Handbook of Luminescent Semiconductor Materials explores the use of this technique to study semiconductor materials in a variety of applications, including solid-state lighting, solar energy conversion, optical devices, and biological imaging. After introducing basic semiconductor theory and photoluminescence principles, the book focuses on the optical properties of wide-bandgap semiconductors, such as AlN, GaN, and ZnO. It then presents research on narrow-bandgap semiconductors and solid-state lighting. The book also covers the optical properties of semiconductors in the nanoscale regime, including quantum dots and nanocrystals. This handbook explains how photoluminescence spectroscopy is a powerful and practical analytical tool for revealing the fundamentals of light interaction and, thus, the optical properties of semiconductors. The book shows how luminescent semiconductors are used in lasers, photodiodes, infrared detectors, light-emitting diodes, solid-state lamps, solar energy, and biological imaging.

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths

Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths
Optical Spectroscopy

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-09-22
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9780080548586
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optical spectroscopy has been instrumental in the discovery of many lanthanide elements. In return, these elements have always played a prominent role in lighting devices and light conversion technologies (Auer mantles, incandescent lamps, lasers, cathode-ray and plasma displays). They are also presently used in highly sensitive luminescent bio-analyses and cell imaging. This volume of the Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths is entirely devoted to the photophysical properties of these elements. It is dedicated to the late Professor William T (Bill) Carnall who has pioneered the understanding of lanthanide spectra in the 1960’s and starts with a Dedication to this scientist. The following five chapters describe various aspects of lanthanide spectroscopy and its applications. Chapters 231 presents state-of-the-art theoretical calculations of lanthanide energy levels and transition intensities. It is followed by a review (Chapter 232) on both theoretical and experimental aspects of f-d transitions, a less well known field of lanthanide spectroscopy, yet very important for the design of new optical materials. Chapter 233 describes how confinement effects act on the photophysical properties of lanthanides when they are inserted into nanomaterials, including nanoparticles, nanosheets, nanowires, nanotubes, insulating and semiconductor nanocrystals. The use of lanthanide chelates for biomedical analyses is presented in Chapter 234; long lifetimes of the excited states of lanthanide ions allow the use of time-resolved spectroscopy, which leads to highly sensitive analyses devoid of background effect from the autofluorescence of the samples. The last review (Chapter 235) provides a comprehensive survey of near-infrared (NIR) emitting molecular probes and devices, spanning an all range of compounds, from simple chelates to macrocyclic complexes, heterometallic functional edifices, coordination polymers and other extended structures. Applications ranging from telecommunications to light-emitting diodes and biomedical analyses are assessed. - Provides a comprehensive look at optical spectroscopy and its applications - A volume in the continuing authoritative series which deals with the chemistry, materials science, physics and technology of the rare earth elements

Synthesis and Application of Lanthanide-doped Materials

Synthesis and Application of Lanthanide-doped Materials
A Book

by American Ceramic Society. Meeting

  • Publisher : Amer Ceramic Society
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the April-May 1995 symposium explore these materials, the use of which provides enhanced optical performance in such fields as information display, telecommunications, integrated optics, and radiation detection. Topics include fundamental materials issues, emissive materials and activ

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization

Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization
A Book

by Simonpietro Agnello

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-08-23
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 1119698057
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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SPECTROSCOPY FOR MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION Learn foundational and advanced spectroscopy techniques from leading researchers in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience In Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization, accomplished researcher Simonpietro Agnello delivers a practical and accessible compilation of various spectroscopy techniques taught and used to today. The book offers a wide-ranging approach taught by leading researchers working in physics, chemistry, surface science, and nanoscience. It is ideal for both new students and advanced researchers studying and working with spectroscopy. Topics such as confocal and two photon spectroscopy, as well as infrared absorption and Raman and micro-Raman spectroscopy, are discussed, as are thermally stimulated luminescence and spectroscopic studies of radiation effects on optical materials. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to the theory necessary to understand a specific technique, details about the characteristic instrumental features and apparatuses used, including tips for the appropriate arrangement of a typical experiment, and a reproducible case study that shows the discussed techniques used in a real laboratory. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of: Complete and practical case studies at the conclusion of each chapter to highlight the concepts and techniques discussed in the material Citations of additional resources ideal for further study A thorough introduction to the basic aspects of radiation matter interaction in the visible-ultraviolet range and the fundamentals of absorption and emission A rigorous exploration of time resolved spectroscopy at the nanosecond and femtosecond intervals Perfect for Master and Ph.D. students and researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering, and biology, Spectroscopy for Materials Characterization will also earn a place in the libraries of materials science researchers and students seeking a one-stop reference to basic and advanced spectroscopy techniques.

Hyperfine Interactions (C)

Hyperfine Interactions (C)
A Book

by Michael F. Thomas,John M. Williams,Terence C. Gibb

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2003-03-31
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN : 9781402010873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2001), September 2-7, 2001, Oxford, UK

Book of Abstracts

Book of Abstracts
A Book

by Miroslav D. Dramićanin,Bruno Viana

  • Publisher : Institut za nuklearne nauke VINČA
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 8673061164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide Nanoparticles, 2 Volume Set

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles, 2 Volume Set
Formation, Functional Properties, and Interfaces

by Oliver Diwald,Thomas Berger

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-09-14
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 1119436745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metal Oxide Nanoparticles A complete nanoparticle resource for chemists and industry professionals Metal oxide nanoparticles are integral to a wide range of natural and technological processes—from mineral transformation to electronics. Additionally, the fields of engineering, electronics, energy technology, and electronics all utilize metal oxide nanoparticle powders. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Formation, Functional Properties, and Interfaces presents readers with the most relevant synthesis and formulation approaches for using metal oxide nanoparticles as functional materials. It covers common processing routes and the assessment of physical and chemical particle properties through comprehensive and complementary characterization methods. This book will serve as an introduction to nanoparticle formulation, their interface chemistry and functional properties at the nanoscale. It will also act as an in-depth resource, sharing detailed information on advanced approaches to the physical, chemical, surface, and interface characterization of metal oxide nanoparticle powders and dispersions. Addresses the application of metal oxide nanoparticles and its economic impact Examines particle synthesis, including the principles of selected bottom-up strategies Explores nanoparticle formulation—a selection of processing and application routes Discusses the significance of particle surfaces and interfaces on structure formation, stability and functional materials properties Covers metal oxide nanoparticle characterization at different length scales With this valuable resource, academic researchers, industrial chemists, and PhD students can all gain insight into the synthesis, properties, and applications of metal oxide nanoparticles.

Theoretical Spectroscopy of Transition Metal and Rare Earth Ions

Theoretical Spectroscopy of Transition Metal and Rare Earth Ions
From Free State to Crystal Field

by Mikhail G. Brik,Ma Chong-Geng

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-02-04
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN : 100000757X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes in detail the main concepts of theoretical spectroscopy of transition metal and rare-earth ions. It shows how the energy levels of different electron configurations are formed and calculated for the ions in a free state and in crystals, how group theory can help in solving main spectroscopic problems, and how the modern DFT-based methods of calculations of electronic structure can be combined with the semi-empirical crystal field models. The style of presentation makes the book helpful for a wide audience ranging from graduate students to experienced researchers. Performance of optical materials crucially depends on the impurity ions intentionally introduced into the crystalline host materials. The color of these materials, their emission and absorption spectra can be understood by analyzing the relations between the electronic properties of impurity ions and host crystal structure, which constitutes the main content of this book. It describes in detail the main concepts of theoretical spectroscopy of transition metal and rare earth ions.

Upconverting Nanomaterials

Upconverting Nanomaterials
Perspectives, Synthesis, and Applications

by Claudia Altavilla

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-10-03
  • Pages : 369
  • ISBN : 1498707750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Upconverting Nanomaterials: Perspectives, Synthesis, and Applications serves as a powerful instrument that explores cutting-edge research knowledge on the topic of upconverting nanosystems, while simultaneously providing the necessary fundamental background for nonspecialist readers. The various aspects of upconverting materials are approached both from a theoretical point of view, particularly upconverting phenomenon, and a practical one. By presenting synthetic strategies, functionalization, production of core shell structures and nanocomposites, this book supplies PhD students, researchers, and scientists with a wealth of ideas they can apply to different fields of research. Thirty-five renowned scientists from around the world have collaborated to produce 11 chapters that help to "make a voyage" through the most important aspects of UPNPs, including syntheses, mechanism, functionalization, and applications.