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Spintronic 2D Materials

Spintronic 2D Materials
Fundamentals and Applications

by Wenqing Liu,Yongbing Xu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0081021542
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spintronic 2D Materials: Fundamentals and Applications provides an overview of the fundamental theory of 2D electronic systems that includes a selection of the most intensively investigated 2D materials. The book tells the story of 2D spintronics in a systematic and comprehensive way, providing the growing community of spintronics researchers with a key reference. Part One addresses the fundamental theoretical aspects of 2D materials and spin transport, while Parts Two through Four explore 2D material systems, including graphene, topological insulators, and transition metal dichalcogenides. Each section discusses properties, key issues and recent developments. In addition, the material growth method (from lab to mass production), device fabrication and characterization techniques are included throughout the book. Discusses the fundamentals and applications of spintronics of 2D materials, such as graphene, topological insulators and transition metal dichalcogenides Includes an in-depth look at each materials system, from material growth, device fabrication and characterization techniques Presents the latest solutions on key challenges, such as the spin lifetime of 2D materials, spin-injection efficiency, the potential proximity effects, and much more

2D Materials

2D Materials
A Book

by Phaedon Avouris,Tony F. Heinz,Tony Low

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-29
  • Pages : 523
  • ISBN : 1107163714
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Learn about the most recent advances in 2D materials with this comprehensive and accessible text. Providing all the necessary materials science and physics background, leading experts discuss the fundamental properties of a wide range of 2D materials, and their potential applications in electronic, optoelectronic and photonic devices. Several important classes of materials are covered, from more established ones such as graphene, hexagonal boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides, to new and emerging materials such as black phosphorus, silicene, and germanene. Readers will gain an in-depth understanding of the electronic structure and optical, thermal, mechanical, vibrational, spin and plasmonic properties of each material, as well as the different techniques that can be used for their synthesis. Presenting a unified perspective on 2D materials, this is an excellent resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners working in nanotechnology, nanoelectronics, nanophotonics, condensed matter physics, and chemistry.

Spin and Charge Transport in 2D Materials and Magnetic Insulator/metal Heterostructures

Spin and Charge Transport in 2D Materials and Magnetic Insulator/metal Heterostructures
A Book

by Walid Amamou

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 137
  • ISBN : 9781369833454
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Furthermore, we examine spin manipulation in a nonmagnetic Pt using an internal magnetic exchange field produced by the adjacent magnetic insulator CoFe2O4 grown by MBE. Here, we report the observation of a strong magnetic proximity effect of Pt deposited on top of a perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) inverse spinel material Cobalt Ferrite (CFO, CoFe 2O4). The CFO was grown by MBE and its magnetization was characterized by Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM) demonstrating the strong out of plane magnetic anisotropy of this material. The anomalous Hall measurement on a Pt/CFO Hall bar exhibits a strong non-linear background around the saturation of the out of plane CFO magnetization. After subtraction of the Ordinary Hall Effect (OHE), we extract a strongly hysteretic anomalous Hall voltage that indicates that Pt acquired the magnetization properties of the CFO and has become ferromagnetic due to the proximity effects.

Computational Modeling of Spintronic Materials

Computational Modeling of Spintronic Materials
A Book

by Xiaotian Wang,Gokhan Surucu,Zhenxiang Cheng

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021-03-03
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889664864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Solid State PhysicsMetastable, Spintronics Materials and Mechanics of Deformable Bodies

Solid State PhysicsMetastable, Spintronics Materials and Mechanics of Deformable Bodies
Recent Progress

by Subbarayan Sivasankaran,Pramoda Kumar Nayak,Ezgi Günay

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-05-27
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 1838811648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the recent evolution of solid-state physics, which is primarily dedicated to examining the behavior of solids at the atomic scale. It also presents various state-of-the-art reviews and original contributions related to solid-state sciences. The book consists of four sections, namely, solid-state behavior, metastable materials, spintronics materials, and mechanics of deformable bodies. The authors’ contributions relating to solid-state behavior deal with the performance of solid matters pertaining to quantum mechanics, physical metallurgy, and crystallography. The authors’ contributions relating to metastable materials demonstrate the behavior of amorphous/bulk metallic glasses and some nonequilibrium materials. The authors’ contributions relating to spintronic materials explain the principles and equations underlying the physics, transport, and dynamics of spin in solid-state systems. The authors’ contributions relating to the mechanics of deformable bodies deal with applications of numeric and analytic solutions/models for solid-state structures under deformation. Key Features:Issues in solid-state physics, Lagrangian quantum mechanics,Quantum and thermal behavior of HCP crystals,Thermoelectric properties of semiconductors,Bulk metallic glasses and metastable atomic density determination,Applications of spintronics and Heusler alloys, 2D elastostatic, mathematical modeling and dynamic stiffness methods on deformable bodies.

Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition: Spin Transport and Magnetism

Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition: Spin Transport and Magnetism
Volume Three: Nanoscale Spintronics and Applications

by Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Žutić

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-26
  • Pages : 646
  • ISBN : 042980525X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications. Features: Presents the most comprehensive reference text for the overlapping fields of spintronics (spin transport) and magnetism. Covers the full spectrum of materials and structures, from silicon and organic semiconductors to carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. Extends coverage of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, including molybdenum disulfide and study of their spin relaxation mechanisms Includes new dedicated chapters on cutting-edge topics such as spin-orbit torques, topological insulators, half metals, complex oxide materials and skyrmions. Discusses important emerging areas of spintronics with superconductors, spin-wave spintronics, benchmarking of spintronics devices, and theory and experimental approaches to molecular spintronics. Evgeny Tsymbal's research is focused on computational materials science aiming at the understanding of fundamental properties of advanced ferromagnetic and ferroelectric nanostructures and materials relevant to nanoelectronics and spintronics. He is a George Holmes University Distinguished Professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), Director of the UNL’s Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), and Director of the multi-institutional Center for NanoFerroic Devices (CNFD). Igor Žutić received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics at the University of Minnesota. His work spans a range of topics from high-temperature superconductors and ferromagnetism that can get stronger as the temperature is increased, to prediction of various spin-based devices. He is a recipient of 2006 National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 2005 National Research Council/American Society for Engineering Education Postdoctoral Research Award, and the National Research Council Fellowship (2003-2005). His research is supported by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the Department of Energy, and the Airforce Office of Scientific Research.

Spintronics Handbook Second Edition

Spintronics Handbook Second Edition
Spin Transport and Magnetism

by Taylor & Francis Group

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-31
  • Pages : 734
  • ISBN : 9780367779771
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications.

Nanoscale Spintronics and Applications

Nanoscale Spintronics and Applications
A Book

by Evgeny Y. Tsymbal,Igor Zutic

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-06-27
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN : 9781498769709
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Spintronics Handbook, Second Edition offers an update on the single most comprehensive survey of the two intertwined fields of spintronics and magnetism, covering the diverse array of materials and structures, including silicon, organic semiconductors, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. It focuses on seminal pioneering work, together with the latest in cutting-edge advances, notably extended discussion of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, topological insulators, skyrmions, and molecular spintronics. The main sections cover physical phenomena, spin-dependent tunneling, control of spin and magnetism in semiconductors, and spin-based applications. Features: Presents the most comprehensive reference text for the overlapping fields of spintronics (spin transport) and magnetism. Covers the full spectrum of materials and structures, from silicon and organic semiconductors to carbon nanotubes, graphene, and engineered nanostructures. Extends coverage of two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, including molybdenum disulfide and study of their spin relaxation mechanisms Includes new dedicated chapters on cutting-edge topics such as spin-orbit torques, topological insulators, half metals, complex oxide materials and skyrmions. Discusses important emerging areas of spintronics with superconductors, spin-wave spintronics, benchmarking of spintronics devices, and theory and experimental approaches to molecular spintronics. Evgeny Tsymbal's research is focused on computational materials science aiming at the understanding of fundamental properties of advanced ferromagnetic and ferroelectric nanostructures and materials relevant to nanoelectronics and spintronics. He is a George Holmes University Distinguished Professor at the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL), Director of the UNL's Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC), and Director of the multi-institutional Center for NanoFerroic Devices (CNFD). Igor Zutic received his Ph.D. in theoretical physics at the University of Minnesota. His work spans a range of topics from high-temperature superconductors and ferromagnetism that can get stronger as the temperature is increased, to prediction of various spin-based devices. He is a recipient of 2006 National Science Foundation CAREER Award, 2005 National Research Council/American Society for Engineering Education Postdoctoral Research Award, and the National Research Council Fellowship (2003-2005). His research is supported by the National Science Foundation, the Office of Naval Research, the Department of Energy, and the Airforce Office of Scientific Research.

Functional Materials and Electronics

Functional Materials and Electronics
A Book

by Jiabao Yi,Sean Li

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-05-11
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 135168275X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This informative book focuses on newly developed functional materials and their applications for electronic and spintronic devices. Electronic devices have become a part of our daily modern life, involving mobile phones, data storage, computers, and satellites, and there is relentless growth in microelectronics. This volume covers the topics of oxide materials for electronics devices, new materials, and new properties, especially in newly developed research areas, such as oxide magnetic semiconductors and two-dimensional electron gas. Key features: Emphasizes functional materials for electronic devices, including two-dimensional materials, two-dimensional electron gas, multiferroic materials, memory materials, sensor materials, and spintronic materials. Describes the basics as well as new developments of these functional materials and devices.

Two-Dimensional Semiconductors

Two-Dimensional Semiconductors
Synthesis, Physical Properties and Applications

by Jingbo Li,Zhongming Wei,Jun Kang

  • Publisher : VCH
  • Release : 2020-03-31
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 3527344969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In-depth overview of two-dimensional semiconductors from theoretical studies, properties to emerging applications! Two-dimensional (2D) materials have attracted enormous attention due to their exotic properties deriving from their ultrathin dimensions. 2D materials, such as graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, transition metal oxides, black phosphorus and boron nitride, exhibit versatile optical, electronic, catalytic and mechanical properties, thus can be used in a wide range of applications, including electronics, optoelectronics and optical applications. Two-Dimensional Semiconductors: Synthesis, Physical Properties and Applications provides an in-depth view of 2D semiconductors from theoretical studies, properties to applications, taking into account the current state of research and development. It introduces various preparation methods and describes in detail the physical properties of 2D semiconductors including 2D alloys and heterostructures. The covered applications include, but are not limited to, field-effect transistors, spintronics, solar cells, photodetectors, light-emitting diode, sensors and bioelectronics. * Highly topical: 2D materials are a rapidly advancing field that attracts increasing attention * Concise overview: covers theoretical studies, preparation methods, physical properties, potential applications, the challenges and opportunities * Application oriented: focuses on 2D semiconductors that can be used in various applications such as field-effect transistors, solar cells, sensors and bioelectronics * Highly relevant: newcomers as well as experienced researchers in the field of 2D materials will benefit from this book Two-Dimensional Semiconductors: Synthesis, Physical Properties and Applications is written for materials scientists, semiconductor and solid state physicists, electrical engineers, and readers working in the semiconductor industry.

Graphene in Spintronics

Graphene in Spintronics
Fundamentals and Applications

by Junichiro Inoue,Ai Yamakage,Syuta Honda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-05-25
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 9814669571
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The discovery and fabrication of new materials have opened the gate for new research fields in science and technology. The novel method of fabricating graphene, a purely 2D carbon lattice, and the discovery of the phenomenon of giant magnetoresistance (GMR) in magnetic multilayers are not exceptions. The latter has brought about the creation of the new technological field of spintronics, which utilizes both spin and charge degrees of freedom of electrons. As for the former, many applications have been proposed; however, no practical devices have yet been developed in the field of spintronics. The aim of this book is to provide possible hints to overcome the difficulties in graphene applications in the field of spintronics by comparing the physical properties of graphene and magnetoresistive (MR) phenomena in spintronics. The book will be useful for advanced undergraduate students and graduate students of physics, chemistry, and materials science and young researchers in nanotechnology and the field of spintronics.

Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials: Spintronics and magnetoelectronics

Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials: Spintronics and magnetoelectronics
A Book

by Helmut Kronmüller,Stuart S. P. Parkin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 3074
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Novel Materials and Devices for Spintronics

Novel Materials and Devices for Spintronics
Symposium Held April 14-17, 2009, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

by Materials Research Society. Meeting Symposium FF.

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 177
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogen in Ferromagnetic Semiconductors for Planar Spintronics

Hydrogen in Ferromagnetic Semiconductors for Planar Spintronics
A Book

by Rouin Farshchi

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 274
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two-Dimensional Carbon

Two-Dimensional Carbon
Fundamental Properties, Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications

by Wu Yihong,Shen Zexiang,Yu Ting

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2014-04-09
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 9814411949
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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After a brief introduction to the fundamental properties of graphene, this book focuses on synthesis, characterization and application of various types of two-dimensional (2D) nanocarbons ranging from single/few layer graphene to carbon nanowalls and graphene oxides. Three major synthesis techniques are covered: epitaxial growth of graphene on SiC, chemical synthesis of graphene on metal, and chemical vapor deposition of vertically aligned carbon nanosheets or nanowalls. One chapter is dedicated to characterization of 2D nanocarbon using Raman spectroscopy. It provides extensive coverage for applications of 2D carbon in energy storage including supercapacitor, lithium ion battery and fuel cells.

Spintronics: Volume 690

Spintronics: Volume 690
A Book

by Timothy J. Klemmer,Jonathan Z. Sun,Albert Fert,Jack Bass

  • Publisher : Materials Research Society
  • Release : 2002-05
  • Pages : 204
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.

Advanced Nanoelectronics

Advanced Nanoelectronics
Post-Silicon Materials and Devices

by Muhammad Mustafa Hussain

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-01-04
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 352734358X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brings novel insights to a vibrant research area with high application potential?covering materials, physics, architecture, and integration aspects of future generation CMOS electronics technology Over the last four decades we have seen tremendous growth in semiconductor electronics. This growth has been fueled by the matured complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. This comprehensive book captures the novel device options in CMOS technology that can be realized using non-silicon semiconductors. It discusses germanium, III-V materials, carbon nanotubes and graphene as semiconducting materials for three-dimensional field-effect transistors. It also covers non-conventional materials such as nanowires and nanotubes. Additionally, nanoelectromechanical switches-based mechanical relays and wide bandgap semiconductor-based terahertz electronics are reviewed as essential add-on electronics for enhanced communication and computational capabilities. Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices begins with a discussion of the future of CMOS. It continues with comprehensive chapter coverage of: nanowire field effect transistors; two-dimensional materials for electronic applications; the challenges and breakthroughs of the integration of germanium into modern CMOS; carbon nanotube logic technology; tunnel field effect transistors; energy efficient computing with negative capacitance; spin-based devices for logic, memory and non-Boolean architectures; and terahertz properties and applications of GaN. -Puts forward novel approaches for future, state-of-the-art, nanoelectronic devices -Discusses emerging materials and architectures such as alternate channel material like germanium, gallium nitride, 1D nanowires/tubes, 2D graphene, and other dichalcogenide materials and ferroelectrics -Examines new physics such as spintronics, negative capacitance, quantum computing, and 3D-IC technology -Brings together the latest developments in the field for easy reference -Enables academic and R&D researchers in semiconductors to "think outside the box" and explore beyond silica An important resource for future generation CMOS electronics technology, Advanced Nanoelectronics: Post-Silicon Materials and Devices will appeal to materials scientists, semiconductor physicists, semiconductor industry, and electrical engineers.

Noise in Spintronics

Noise in Spintronics
From Understanding to Manipulation

by Farkhad Aliev,Juan Pedro Cascales

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-09-04
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 1351617389
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers the main physical mechanisms and the different contributions (1/f noise, shot noise, etc.) behind electronic fluctuations in various spintronic devices. It presents the first comprehensive summary of fundamental noise mechanisms in both electronic and spintronic devices and is therefore unique in that aspect. The pedagogic introduction to noise is complemented by a detailed description of how one could set up a noise measurement experiment in the lab. A further extensive description of the recent progress in understanding and controlling noise in spintronics, including the boom in 2D devices, molecular spintronics, and field sensing, is accompanied by both numerous bibliography references and tens of case studies on the fundamental aspects of noise and on some important qualitative steps to understand noise in spintronics. Moreover, a detailed discussion of unsolved problems and outlook make it an essential textbook for scientists and students desiring to exploit the information hidden in noise in both spintronics and conventional electronics.

Spin and Charge Transport in Monolayer and Trilayer Graphene in the Quantum Hall Regime

Spin and Charge Transport in Monolayer and Trilayer Graphene in the Quantum Hall Regime
A Book

by Petr Stepanov (Ph. D. in physics)

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the first part of thesis, we focus on the observation of tunable symmetries of the integer and fractional quantum Hall (QH) states in ABA-stacked trilayer graphene, which hosts multiple Dirac bands. At finite doping and in the quantum Hall regime, we use transport measurements to map the Landau levels of hBN-encapsulated ABA-stacked trilayer graphene as a function of charge carrier density n, magnetic field B, and interlayer displacement field D. We observe the transitions among states with different spin, valley, orbital, and parity polarizations. This extremely rich pattern arises from crossings between Landau levels from different sub-bands, which reflects the evolving symmetries that are tunable in situ. Notable, we observe fractional QH (FQH) states at filling factors 2/3 and -11/3 at ¿ = 0. Unlike those in bilayer graphene, these FQH states are destabilized by a small interlayer potential that hybridizes the different Dirac bands.

Nanomagnetic Materials

Nanomagnetic Materials
Fabrication, Characterization and Application

by Akinobu Yamaguchi,Atsufumi Hirohata,Bethanie Stadler

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-07-01
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 0128223545
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanomagnetic Materials: Fabrication, Characterization and Application explores recent studies of conventional nanomagnetic materials in spintronics, data storage, magnetic sensors and biomedical applications. In addition, the book also reviews novel magnetic characteristics induced in two-dimensional materials, diamonds, and those induced by the artificial formation of lattice defect and heterojunction as novel nanomagnetic materials. Nanomagnetic materials are usually based on d- and f-electron systems. They are an important solution to the demand for higher density of information storage, arising from the emergence of novel technologies required for non-volatile memory systems. Advances in the understanding of magnetization dynamics and in the characteristics of nanoparticles or surface of nanomagnetic materials is resulting in greater expansion of applications of nanomagnetic materials, including in biotechnology, sensor devices, energy harvesting, and power generating systems. This book provides a cogent overview of the latest research on novel nanomagnetic materials, including spintronic nanomagnets, molecular nanomagnets, self-assembling magnetic nanomaterials, nanoparticles, multifunctional materials, and heterojunction-induced novel magnetism. Explains manufacturing principles and process for nanomagnetic materials Discusses physical and chemical properties and potential industrial applications, such as magnetic data storage, sensors, oscillator, permanent magnets, power generations, and biomedical applications Assesses the major challenges of using magnetic nanomaterials on a broad scale