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Still the Iron Age

Still the Iron Age
Iron and Steel in the Modern World

by Vaclav Smil

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2016-01-22
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 0128042354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although the last two generations have seen an enormous amount of attention paid to advances in electronics, the fact remains that high-income, high-energy societies could thrive without microchips, etc., but, by contrast, could not exist without steel. Because of the importance of this material to comtemporary civilization, a comprehensive resource is needed for metallurgists, non-metallurgists, and anyone with a background in environmental studies, industry, manufacturing, and history, seeking a broader understanding of the history of iron and steel and its current and future impact on society. Given its coverage of the history of iron and steel from its genesis to slow pre-industrial progress, revolutionary advances during the 19th century, magnification of 19th century advances during the past five generations, patterns of modern steel production, the ubiquitous uses of the material, potential substitutions, advances in relative dematerialization, and appraisal of steel’s possible futures, Still the Iron Age: Iron and Steel in the Modern World by world-renowned author Vaclav Smil meets that need. Incorporates an interdisciplinary discussion of the history and evolution of the iron- and steel-making industry and its impact on the development of the modern world Serves as a valuable contribution because of its unique perspective that compares steel to technological advances in other materials, perceived to be important Discusses how we can manufacture smarter rather than deny demand Explores future opportunities and new efforts for sustainable development in the industry

Iron Age Britain

Iron Age Britain
A Book

by Barry Cunliffe

  • Publisher : Batsford
  • Release : 2014-11-24
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 1849942404
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This revised introduction to Britain in the first millennium BC incorporates modifications to a story that is still controversial. It covers a time of dramatic change in Europe, dominated by the emergence of Rome as a megastate. In Britain, on the extremity of these developments, it was a period of profound social and economic change, which saw the end of the prehistoric cycle of the Neolithic and bronze Ages, and the beginning of a world that was to change little in its essentials until the great voyages of colonization and trade of the 16th century. The theme of the book is that of social change within an insular society sitting on the periphery of a world in revolution.

Bronze Age to Iron Age

Bronze Age to Iron Age
A Book

by Grace Jones

  • Publisher : Prehistoric Explorer
  • Release : 2016-12
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9781786370914
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Who were the Celts and can evidence of them still be seen today? What happened when the Romans arrived in Britain? How was life in the Bronze and Iron Ages different to our own?

The Iron Age in Lowland Britain

The Iron Age in Lowland Britain
A Book

by D.W. Harding

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-11-13
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1317602854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book was written at a time when the older conventional diffusionist view of prehistory, largely associated with the work of V. Gordon Childe, was under rigorous scrutiny from British prehistorians, who still nevertheless regarded the ‘Arras’ culture of eastern Yorkshire and the ‘Belgic’ cemeteries of south-eastern Britain as the product of immigrants from continental Europe. Sympathetic to the idea of population mobility as one mechanism for cultural innovation, as widely recognized historically, it nevertheless attempted a critical re-appraisal of the southern British Iron Age in its continental context. Subsequent fashion in later prehistoric studies has favoured economic, social and cognitive approaches, and the cultural-historical framework has largely been superseded. Routine use of radiocarbon dating and other science-based applications, and new field data resulting from developer-led archaeology have revolutionized understanding of the British Iron Age, and once again raised issues of its relationship to continental Europe.

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean

The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean
A Book

by A. Bernard Knapp,Peter van Dommelen

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2015-01-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 131619406X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Cambridge Prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean offers new insights into the material and social practices of many different Mediterranean peoples during the Bronze and Iron Ages, presenting in particular those features that both connect and distinguish them. Contributors discuss in depth a range of topics that motivate and structure Mediterranean archaeology today, including insularity and connectivity; mobility, migration, and colonization; hybridization and cultural encounters; materiality, memory, and identity; community and household; life and death; and ritual and ideology. The volume's broad coverage of different approaches and contemporary archaeological practices will help practitioners of Mediterranean archaeology to move the subject forward in new and dynamic ways. Together, the essays in this volume shed new light on the people, ideas, and materials that make up the world of Mediterranean archaeology today, beyond the borders that separate Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Mecklenburg Collection: The emergence of an Iron Age economy

Mecklenburg Collection: The emergence of an Iron Age economy
A Book

by Hugh Hencken

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coton Park, Rugby, Warwickshire: A Middle Iron Age Settlement with Copper Alloy Casting

Coton Park, Rugby, Warwickshire: A Middle Iron Age Settlement with Copper Alloy Casting
A Book

by Andy Chapman

  • Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • Release : 2020-05-28
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 1789696461
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A total area of 3.1ha, taking in much of a settlement largely of the earlier Middle Iron Age, was excavated in 1998 in advance of development. The Iron Age settlement comprised several groups of roundhouse ring ditches and associated small enclosures forming an open settlement set alongside a linear boundary ditch.

12 Things to Know about the Iron Age

12 Things to Know about the Iron Age
A Book

by Meg Marquardt

  • Publisher : 12-Story Library
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 32
  • ISBN : 9781632358776
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iron Age was the last great prehistoric age. Iron tools made life easier, yet the Iron Age was a time of constant war. Chapters cover how Greece went through a Dark Age, how new forms of government began, how architecture became more complex, new religions formed, and money was invented. Each chapter includes attention-grabbing photos and fascinating facts. Sidebars go deeper, and prompts invite readers to think for themselves. A Timeline of the Iron Age gives a big-picture view of the era.

Iron Age Myth and Materiality

Iron Age Myth and Materiality
An Archaeology of Scandinavia AD 400-1000

by Lotte Hedeager

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2011-04-29
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1136817263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iron Age Myth and Materiality: an Archaeology of Scandinavia AD 400-1000 considers the relationship between myth and materiality in Scandinavia from the beginning of the post-Roman era and the European Migrations up until the coming of Christianity. It pursues an interdisciplinary interpretation of text and material culture and examines how the documentation of an oral past relates to its material embodiment. While the material evidence is from the Iron Age, most Old Norse texts were written down in the thirteenth century or even later. With a time lag of 300 to 900 years from the archaeological evidence, the textual material has until recently been ruled out as a usable source for any study of the pagan past. However, Hedeager argues that this is true regarding any study of a society’s short-term history, but it should not be the crucial requirement for defining the sources relevant for studying long-term structures of the longue durée, or their potential contributions to a theoretical understanding of cultural changes and transformation. In Iron Age Scandinavia we are dealing with persistent and slow-changing structures of worldviews and ideologies over a wavelength of nearly a millennium. Furthermore, iconography can often date the arrival of new mythical themes anchoring written narratives in a much older archaeological context. Old Norse myths are explored with particular attention to one of the central mythical narratives of the Old Norse canon, the mythic cycle of Odin, king of the Norse pantheon. In addition, contemporaneous historical sources from late Antiquity and the early European Middle Age - the narratives of Jordanes, Gregory of Tours, and Paul the Deacon in particular - will be explored. No other study provides such a broad ranging and authoritative study of the relationship of myth to the archaeology of Scandinavia.

Iron Age and Roman Coin Hoards in Britain

Iron Age and Roman Coin Hoards in Britain
A Book

by Roger Bland,Adrian Chadwick,Colin Haselgrove,David Mattingley

  • Publisher : Oxbow Books
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1785708562
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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More coin hoards have been recorded from Roman Britain than from any other province of the Empire. This comprehensive and lavishly illustrated volume provides a survey of over 3260 hoards of Iron Age and Roman coins found in England and Wales with a detailed analysis and discussion. Theories of hoarding and deposition and examined, national and regional patterns in the landscape settings of coin hoards presented, together with an analysis of those hoards whose findspots were surveyed and of those hoards found in archaeological excavations. It also includes an unprecedented examination of the containers in which coin hoards were buried and the objects found with them. The patterns of hoarding in Britain from the late 2nd century BC to the 5th century AD are discussed. The volume also provides a survey of Britain in the 3rd century AD, as a peak of over 700 hoards are known from the period from AD 253–296. This has been a particular focus of the project which has been a collaborative research venture between the University of Leicester and the British Museum funded by the AHRC. The aim has been to understand the reasons behind the burial and non-recovery of these finds. A comprehensive online database (https://finds.org.uk/database) underpins the project, which also undertook a comprehensive GIS analysis of all the hoards and field surveys of a sample of them.

The Early Iron Age in the Pusht-i Kuh, Luristan

The Early Iron Age in the Pusht-i Kuh, Luristan
A Book

by B. Overlaet

  • Publisher : Peeters Pub & Booksellers
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 667
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Final report and study of the Early Iron Age (Iron Age I - II) graveyards which were excavated by the Belgian Archaeological Expedition in Luristan (West-Iran) between 1965 and 1979. The book consists of three main sections. The first part is a general introduction to the archaeological research in Luristan. It includes a survey of all the excavations in Luristan that provided information on the Iron Age. The second part is a study of the Pusht-i Kuh graveyards, the tombs and their gravegoods. It results in the proposal of a refined chronology for the Pusht-i Kuh region in the period between 1300-1250 B.C. and 800/750 B.C. The third part provides the full excavation data on the 11 graveyards under discussion. A general introduction to each graveyard is followed by the presentation of the different tombs with their burialgoods. These are presented in both line drawings and photographs.

Salt, Bronze, and Iron

Salt, Bronze, and Iron
A Novel of the Hallstatt Iron Age

by L. Douglas

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2018-04-13
  • Pages : 475
  • ISBN : 9781980821069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hidden within the old hero myths are tales of men who sweated and stank, fought and blasphemed. They died entombed in the epic tales or forgotten in the mists of antiquity. Hall, a foundling raised by Celts high in the Alps, seeks his fortune and the mystery of his birth in the land of the Etruscans, in the cluster of hilltop villages that would someday be called Rome, in the Greece of legend when the heroes of the classical age were still remembered as men. He is an ironsmith, a singer of songs and tales, a warrior, a soldier, a lover, and for a brief while...a king.His name is Hall, which means Salt. In his own words: "Hall. In the Celt language, that meant "Salt." It is a good name. "No man can survive without salt," say my battle-companions, thinking the old pun fresh each time someone thinks of it. Indeed, it is true. Salt is traded the length of Mother Danu, the great River, carried over high passes to sunny southern lands and north to the plains of ever-snow. Salt is a gift of earth and sea; perhaps thus my name has given me my affinity for the darkness in the Earth, and for oceans--those gleaming expanses that mark the stages of my long journeying, "Salt travels farthest," folk say, referring to the trade. And indeed, I've traveled farther than any man I have known."

Agia Varvara-Almyras: An Iron Age Copper Smelting Site in Cyprus

Agia Varvara-Almyras: An Iron Age Copper Smelting Site in Cyprus
A Book

by Christina Peege,Philippe Della Casa,Walter Fasnacht

  • Publisher : Archaeopress Publishing Ltd
  • Release : 2018-03-31
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 1784918164
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume presents the results of a comprehensive post-excavation analysis of the stratigraphy, geology, metallurgical materials (furnaces, tuyeres), finds (pottery, furnace lining, stone tools), as well as a synthesis of the copper smelting technology at Agia Varvara-Almyras, Cyprus.

Denmark in the Early Iron Age

Denmark in the Early Iron Age
Illustrated by Recent Discoveries in the Peat Mosses of Slesvig (Classic Reprint)

by Conrad Engelhardt

  • Publisher : Forgotten Books
  • Release : 2017-10-26
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN : 9780265758878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Excerpt from Denmark in the Early Iron Age: Illustrated by Recent Discoveries in the Peat Mosses of Slesvig The question, however, is not yet definitely settled. The contents of the graves have not been examined with sufficient minuteness in all cases, and much remains to be done in this respect as in many others. But even if these relics of the Oldest known civilization in Denmark were proved to be of different dates, the next step would be to decide which of them was the earlier, for it does not necessarily follow that the ruder period must be the Older. There may have been a period of degradation in the Stone age, as there certainly was in after times, - for instance, from the third century after Christ to the middle ages. During the Bronze age swords, poniards, and other cutting implements were almost exclusively made of bronze by the process of casting. The metal is a mixture of nine tenths of copper and one-tenth of tin. Though axes of massive bronze occasionally occur, stone axes were still in use for domestic and other purposes, they were not only as useful in many cases-as bronze axes, but the material was certainly cheaper. Gold was extensively used for personal ornaments, for bracelets and finger-rings Of the spiral form, for twining round the hilts of swords, or ornamentin'g hair-pins and other articles of the' toilet. But among the many proofs of the inferior civilization of this age as compared with the ensuing period - the Early Iron age - we may mention the ignorance of the use of iron, the want of a written alphabet, and, for manufacturing purposes, ignorance of the art of soldering. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

The Iron Age in Northern Britain

The Iron Age in Northern Britain
Britons and Romans, Natives and Settlers

by Dennis W. Harding

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2017-02-24
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 1317296508
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Iron Age in Northern Britain examines the archaeological evidence for earlier Iron Age communities from the southern Pennines to the Northern and Western Isles and the impact of Roman expansion on local populations, through to the emergence of historically-recorded communities in the post-Roman period. The text has been comprehensively revised and expanded to include new discoveries and to take account of advanced techniques, with many new and updated illustrations. The volume presents a comprehensive picture of the ‘long Iron Age’, allowing readers to appreciate how perceptions of Iron Age societies have changed significantly in recent years. New material in this second edition also addresses the key issues of social reconstruction, gender, and identity, as well as assessing the impact of developer-funded archaeology on the discipline. Drawing on recent excavation and research and interpreting evidence from key studies across Scotland and northern England, The Iron Age in Northern Britain continues to be an accessible and authoritative study of later prehistory in the region.

The Atlantic Iron Age

The Atlantic Iron Age
Settlement and Identity in the First Milennium BC

by Jon Henderson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2007-12-01
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1134076126
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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First Published in 2008. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Iron Age

Iron Age
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1954
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Yosemite in the Fifties

Yosemite in the Fifties
The Iron Age

by Dean Fidelman

  • Publisher : Patagonia Incorporated
  • Release : 2015-09-15
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN : 9781938340482
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Companion to the classic Yosemite in the Sixties, this book uses the words of the climbers of the time and artfully restored photographs to chronicle the historic first ascents of Yosemite’s "mile-high” granite walls, the legendary personalities who risked their lives to climb them, and how their endeavors initiated the birth of adventure sports. Better than half a century after the first ascent of El Capitan, the deeds of Yosemite’s 1950s-era Iron Age are no longer viewed as climbs or mere adventures. Rather, they are assaults on the human barrier, pushing that much higher. Yosemite in the Fifties gives the stage almost entirely over to the original source material, the first-person narratives, archive photos (artfully restored), and memorabilia particular to the seminal ascents of the era. These words, images, and design, when cast from critical angles, all reach across generations to resurrect vanished worlds. Yosemite in The Fifties is fashioned not so much as a book but as a wormhole back to an enchanted time in the history of exploration, and a classic era of Americana now lost in time.

Early Iron Age Greek Warrior 1100–700 BC

Early Iron Age Greek Warrior 1100–700 BC
A Book

by Raffaele D’Amato,Andrea Salimbeti

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2016-08-25
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN : 1472815610
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The period from 1200 BC onwards saw vast changes in every aspect of life on both the Greek mainland and islands as monarchies disappeared and were replaced by aristocratic rule and a new form of community developed: the city-state. Alongside these changes a new style of warfare developed which was to be the determining factor in land warfare in Greece until the defeat of the Greek city-state by the might of Macedonia at Chaeronea in 338 BC. This mode of warfare was based on a group of heavily armed infantrymen organized in a phalanx formation – the classic hoplite formation – and remained the system throughout the classical Greek period. This new title details this pivotal period that saw the transition from the Bronze Age warriors of Homer to the origins of the men who fought the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.

The European Iron Age

The European Iron Age
A Book

by John Collis

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2003-09-16
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 1134746377
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This ambitious study documents the underlying features which link the civilizations of the Mediterranean - Phoenician, Greek, Etruscan and Roman - and the Iron Age cultures of central Europe, traditionally associated with the Celts. It deals with the social, economic and cultural interaction in the first millennium BC which culminated in the Roman Empire. The book has three principle themes: the spread of iron-working from its origins in Anatolia to its adoption over most of Europe; the development of a trading system throughout the Mediterrean world after the collapse of Mycenaean Greece and its spread into temperate Europe; and the rise of ever more complex societies, including states and cities, and eventually empires. Dr Collis takes a new look at such key concepts as population movement, diffusion, trade, social structure and spatial organization, with some challenging new views on the Celts in particular.