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Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
A Book

by Vsevolod Rozanov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-02-13
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0128052864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stress and Epigenetics in Suicidediscusses the central role of epigenetic modifications in suicidal behavior. As early-life stress and an individual's ability to cope with such stressors, combined with psychological factors, social factors, and existential and cognitive factors can predispose young people to suicidal behavior and put them at added risk of suicidal behavior later in life, this book provides readers with an overview of the neurobiology of stress, an introduction to the epigenetic changes induced by stress, and an understanding of how vulnerability and resilience to stress are built. It integrates these mechanisms into a biobehavioral model of suicide based on epigenetic marks, gene-environment interactions, and other stressors. More importantly, it provides future direction for research and discusses potential interventions. This book is an ideal and trusted resource for researchers and clinicians who are interested in learning how the environment can affect behavior through genetics, and for those seeking the development of new methods for suicide prevention. Explores the neurobiology of stress and stress-related epigenetics, including discussion of the role of stress-induced epigenetic changes in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms and whether these epigenetic marks are transgenerational Provides compelling biobehavioral models of suicide based on genetics, epigenetics, and behavioral adjustment Integrates social, psychological, and existential influences, giving readers a better understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of suicide risk factors Presents future directions for suicide-prevention strategies that incorporate recent research on genomics and stress resilience

Exam Prep for: Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Exam Prep for: Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Exam Prep for: Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Exam Prep for: Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide

The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide
A Book

by Yogesh Dwivedi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-06-25
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 143983881X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With recent studies using genetic, epigenetic, and other molecular and neurochemical approaches, a new era has begun in understanding pathophysiology of suicide. Emerging evidence suggests that neurobiological factors are not only critical in providing potential risk factors but also provide a promising approach to develop more effective treatment and prevention strategies. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide discusses the most recent findings in suicide neurobiology. Psychological, psychosocial, and cultural factors are important in determining the risk factors for suicide; however, they offer weak prediction and can be of little clinical use. Interestingly, cognitive characteristics are different among depressed suicidal and depressed nonsuicidal subjects, and could be involved in the development of suicidal behavior. The characterization of the neurobiological basis of suicide is in delineating the risk factors associated with suicide. The Neurobiological Basis of Suicide focuses on how and why these neurobiological factors are crucial in the pathogenic mechanisms of suicidal behavior and how these findings can be transformed into potential therapeutic applications.

Biological Aspects of Suicidal Behavior

Biological Aspects of Suicidal Behavior
A Book

by W. P. Kaschka,D. Rujescu

  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 169
  • ISBN : 3318055832
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Suicide is one of the most important causes of death in modern societies. To develop more effective preventive measures, we have to be aware of and learn more about its neurobiological foundations. In recent years, the tools of modern neurosciences have increasingly been utilized to characterize the pathophysiology of complex human behaviors such as suicide. To improve suicide risk assessment and suicide prevention, a better understanding of its pathophysiology is crucial. This includes research from a variety of disciplines such as neuropsychological, psychosocial and cultural studies but also findings from biochemistry, neuropathology, electrophysiology, immunology, neuroimaging, genetics, and epigenetics. Important results have, for example, been obtained in the field of gene-environment interaction and suicidal behavior. We have just begun to understand how early-life adversity may increase suicide risk by epigenetic mechanisms. Based on such insights, novel therapeutic interventions and preventive measures can be developed. Furthermore, a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in suicidal behavior could reveal the mechanism of compounds like lithium salts. In this book, suicidal behavior and its prevention is discussed by international experts in the light of the most recent results from a broad spectrum of neurosciences.

Exam Prep Flash Cards for Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Exam Prep Flash Cards for Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics in Psychiatry

Epigenetics in Psychiatry
A Book

by Jacob Peedicayil,Dennis R. Grayson,Dimitri Avramopoulos

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-06-23
  • Pages : 664
  • ISBN : 0124171346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics in Psychiatry covers all major areas of psychiatry in which extensive epigenetic research has been performed, fully encompassing a diverse and maturing field, including drug addiction, bipolar disorder, epidemiology, cognitive disorders, and the uses of putative epigenetic-based psychotropic drugs. Uniquely, each chapter correlates epigenetics with relevant advances across genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. The book acts as a catalyst for further research in this potentially very important and useful area of psychiatry. The elucidation of basic principles of epigenetic biology points to the creation of more optimal and effective therapies for major classes of psychiatric disease. In this regard, epigenetic therapy, the use of drugs to correct epigenetic defects, may help in the pharmacotherapy of patients with these disorders. With time, such advances may eventually point to replacements for psychotropic drugs presently of symptomatic value and low efficacy. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that other forms of treatment commonly used in the management of psychiatric disorders, like psychotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy, may also act by epigenetic mechanisms. Chapters review fascinating new areas of research across neuronal stem cells, cognitive disorders, and transgenerational epigenetics through drug addiction Relates broad advances in psychiatric epigenetics to a modern understanding of the genome, transcriptome, and protein Catalyzes knowledge discovery in both basic epigenetic biology and clinical application as epigenetic targets for drug discovery

Phenomenology of Suicide

Phenomenology of Suicide
Unlocking the Suicidal Mind

by Maurizio Pompili

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-10-10
  • Pages : 217
  • ISBN : 3319479768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book will help the reader to understand the suicidal mind from a phenomenological point of view, shedding light on the feelings of suicidal individuals and also those of clinicians. In accordance with the importance that the phenomenological approach attaches to subjectivity and sense of self as the starting points for knowledge, emphasis is placed on the need for the clinician to focus on the subjective experiences of the at-risk individual, to set aside prior assumptions, judgments, or interpretations, and to identify ways of bridging gaps in communication associated with negative emotions. The vital importance of empathy is stressed, drawing attention to the insights offered by neuroimaging studies and the role of mirror neurons in social cognition. It is widely acknowledged that when a clinician meets a person who wants to die by suicide, the clinician does not fully understand what is going on inside the mind of that individual. This book recognizes that any approach to suicide prevention must promote understanding of suicidal thoughts and feelings. The awareness that it fosters and the innovative perspectives that it presents will appeal to a wide readership.

Suicide: Phenomenology and Neurobiology

Suicide: Phenomenology and Neurobiology
A Book

by Keri E. Cannon,Thomas J. Hudzik

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-06
  • Pages : 314
  • ISBN : 3319099647
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the phenomenology, demographics, and neurobehavioral aspects of suicidal behavior and its risk factors, underscoring common neurobehavioral threads among different approaches which may underlie such extreme behavior. It additionally provides an overview of new approaches, such as imaging techniques to identify at-risk individuals or in response to drug treatment associated with suicidal behavior, neurodevelopmental approaches, genetic and epigenetic linkages to suicidal behavior, animal models of specific risk factors, as well as potential biomarkers being employed to help assess risk.

Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology

Encyclopedia of Psychopharmacology
A Book

by Ian Stolerman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-07-31
  • Pages : 1392
  • ISBN : 3540686983
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Here is a broad overview of the central topics and issues in psychopharmacology, biological psychiatry and behavioral neurosciences, with information about developments in the field, including novel drugs and technologies. The more than 2000 entries are written by leading experts in pharmacology and psychiatry and comprise in-depth essays, illustrated with full-color figures, and are presented in a lucid style.

Restriction Landmark Genomic Scanning (RLGS)

Restriction Landmark Genomic Scanning (RLGS)
A Book

by Yoshihide Hayashizaki,Sachihiko Watanabe

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-06-29
  • Pages : 179
  • ISBN : 4431679537
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Restriction Landmark Genomic Scanning (RLGS) is a new multiplex method for simultaneous analysis of over 3,000 genome loci. Written by the inventor of RLGS, Yoshihide Hayashizaki, and his co-workers, this is the first manual on this method. RLGS is a powerful technique with enormous potential for biological (animal and plant sciences), and biomedical research. Yielding results much faster than conventional techniques, RLGS is particularly suited to the identification of the chromosomal location of the genes implicated in inherited diseases, and for the genetic disturbances present in cancerous tissue.

Epigenetics in Human Disease

Epigenetics in Human Disease
A Book

by Trygve O. Tollefsbol

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 577
  • ISBN : 0123884152
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics is one of the fastest growing fields of sciences, illuminating studies of human diseases by looking beyond genetic make-up and acknowledging that outside factors play a role in gene expression. The goal of this volume is to highlight those diseases or conditions for which we have advanced knowledge of epigenetic factors such as cancer, autoimmune disorders and aging as well as those that are yielding exciting breakthroughs in epigenetics such as diabetes, neurobiological disorders and cardiovascular disease. Where applicable, attempts are made to not only detail the role of epigenetics in the etiology, progression, diagnosis and prognosis of these diseases, but also novel epigenetic approaches to the treatment of these diseases. Chapters are also presented on human imprinting disorders, respiratory diseases, infectious diseases and gynecological and reproductive diseases. Since epigenetics plays a major role in the aging process, advances in the epigenetics of aging are highly relevant to many age-related human diseases. Therefore, this volume closes with chapters on aging epigenetics and breakthroughs that have been made to delay the aging process through epigenetic approaches. With its translational focus, this book will serve as valuable reference for both basic scientists and clinicians alike. Comprehensive coverage of fundamental and emergent science and clinical usage Side-by-side coverage of the basis of epigenetic diseases and their treatments Evaluation of recent epigenetic clinical breakthroughs

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease
A Book

by Raul Delgado-Morales

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-05-18
  • Pages : 525
  • ISBN : 3319538896
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetic mechanisms (DNA modifications, histone alterations and non-coding RNAs) are crucial for transcriptional regulation and alterations of the “physiological epigenome” are increasingly associated with human diseases. During the last decade the emerging field of neuroepigenomics have started to impact tremendously in areas such learning and memory, addiction or neurodegeneration. This expert volume covers the role of epigenetic molecular mechanism in regulation of central nervous system’s function, one of the most exciting areas of contemporary molecular neuroscience. The book describes the current knowledge on the epigenetic basis of human disease covering the complete lifespan: from neurodevelopment/childhood (Rett Syndrome, Rubinstein-Taybi, autism), adolescence (eating disorders, drug addiction, anxiety), adulthood (depression, schizophrenia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington’s disease) and elderly (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease). The book also covers the three major players on neuroepigenomic mechanisms: histones alterations, DNA modifications and non-coding RNAs, their roles at the molecular and cellular level and the impact of their alterations on neuronal function and behavior. Finally, a special chapter on state-of-the-art technologies helps the reader not only to understand epigenetic driven changes in human cognition and diseases but also the methodology that will help to generate paradigm shifts on our understanding of brain function and the role of the neuroepigenome in human diseases.

Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior

Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior
Handbook of Stress Series

by George Fink

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-03-10
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 0128011378
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stress: Concepts, Cognition, Emotion, and Behavior: Handbook in Stress Series, Volume 1, examines stress and its management in the workplace and is targeted at scientific and clinical researchers in biomedicine, psychology, and some aspects of the social sciences. The audience is appropriate faculty and graduate and undergraduate students interested in stress and its consequences. The format allows access to specific self-contained stress subsections without the need to purchase the whole nine volume Stress handbook series. This makes the publication much more affordable than the previously published four volume Encyclopedia of Stress (Elsevier 2007) in which stress subsections were arranged alphabetically and therefore required purchase of the whole work. This feature will be of special significance for individual scientists and clinicians, as well as laboratories. In this first volume of the series, the primary focus will be on general stress concepts as well as the areas of cognition, emotion, and behavior. Offers chapters with impressive scope, covering topics including the interactions between stress, cognition, emotion and behaviour Features articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field Includes rich illustrations with explanatory figures and tables Includes boxed call out sections that serve to explain key concepts and methods Allows access to specific self-contained stress subsections without the need to purchase the whole nine volume Stress handbook series

Epigenetics in Society

Epigenetics in Society

by Windsor Epigenetics Study Group

  • Publisher : University of Windsor
  • Release : 2015-10-26
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 0920233724
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a book written by students of diverse disciplines, and intended for students and educated lay people. We intend this book to serve several functions. First, we want to make the field of epigenetics accessible to lay readers. Second, and more importantly, we want to excite further interest and concern regarding the social, ethical, legal, health, and policy implications that this field will have for all arenas of our lives. Third, we want to arm our readers with knowledge and wariness so that they can understand and critique the nuanced debates that will inevitably arise when costs and benefits must be weighed: while the effects of epigenetics upon us as individuals may be subtle, the demographic implications and costs are huge.

Epigenetics and Psychiatric Disease

Epigenetics and Psychiatric Disease
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-06-22
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 0128135662
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics and Psychiatric Disease, Volume 157, the latest volume in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, includes recent developments on a variety of topics, including the Epigenetic landscapes of the adversity-exposed brain, Chromosomal conformations and epigenomic regulation in schizophrenia, Progress in the epigenetics of depression, the epigenetics of circadian rhythms in imprinted neurodevelopmental disorders, DNA methylation mediating substance abuse, mechanisms and therapeutic opportunities, DNA methylation in animals model of psychosis, Epigenetics of early life stress, Epigenetic drugs for mood disorders, and more. Accessible to students and researchers alike, with content that appeals to a variety of readers Written by leading authorities in their respective fields of molecular biology

Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental Epigenetics
A Book

by L. Joseph Su,Tung-chin Chiang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-05-18
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN : 1447166787
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Epigenetics and Neuroendocrinology

Epigenetics and Neuroendocrinology
Clinical Focus on Psychiatry

by Dietmar Spengler,Elisabeth Binder

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-04-02
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 3319244930
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The field of neuroendocrinology has extended from the initial interest in the hypothalamic control of pituitary secretion to embrace multiple reciprocal interactions between the central nervous system and endocrine systems in the coordination of homeostasis and various physiological responses from adaptation to disease. Most recently, epigenetic mechanisms were recognized for their role in the development of the neuroendocrine axes as well as in the mediation of gene-environment interactions in stress-related psychiatry disorders.

Becoming Whole

Becoming Whole
A Healing Companion to Ease Emotional Pain and Find Self-Love

by Bruce Alan Kehr, M.D.

  • Publisher : Greenleaf Book Group
  • Release : 2018-02-14
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1626344000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ease Emotional Pain. End Aloneness. Find Self-LoveSM Filled with warmth, empathy, and hope, Becoming Whole systematically teaches you how to ease emotional pain in your life and in the lives of those you care about. Powerfully illustrated by “sessions”—stories of patients in treatment—and for the first time unveiling what goes on inside the heart and mind of a psychotherapist as they heal a patient’s tangled heart, Becoming Whole is devoted to helping · Someone suffering from emotional distress that just won’t go away · Patients in treatment who have not fully recovered · Anyone wanting to improve their love relations Insightful, powerful, and revealing, Becoming Whole is not only a healing companion, but a valuable life companion as well. ​Proceeds from your purchase of this book will be used to directly help victims of child abuse.

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders

Neurobiology of Brain Disorders
Biological Basis of Neurological and Psychiatric Disorders

by Michael J. Zigmond,Joseph T. Coyle,Lewis P. Rowland

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-12-03
  • Pages : 824
  • ISBN : 0123982804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is the first book directed primarily at basic scientists to offer a comprehensive overview of neurological and neuropsychiatric disease. This book links basic, translational, and clinical research, covering the genetic, developmental, molecular, and cellular mechanisms underlying all major categories of brain disorders. It offers students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in the diverse fields of neuroscience, neurobiology, neurology, and psychiatry the tools they need to obtain a basic background in the major neurological and psychiatric diseases, and to discern connections between basic research and these relevant clinical conditions. This book addresses developmental, autoimmune, central, and peripheral neurodegeneration; infectious diseases; and diseases of higher function. The final chapters deal with broader issues, including some of the ethical concerns raised by neuroscience and a discussion of health disparities. Included in each chapter is coverage of the clinical condition, diagnosis, treatment, underlying mechanisms, relevant basic and translational research, and key unanswered questions. Written and edited by a diverse team of international experts, Neurobiology of Brain Disorders is essential reading for anyone wishing to explore the basic science underlying neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases. Links basic, translational, and clinical research on disorders of the nervous system, creating a format for study that will accelerate disease prevention and treatment Covers a vast array of neurological disorders, including ADHD, Down syndrome, autism, muscular dystrophy, diabetes, TBI, Parkinson, Huntington, Alzheimer, OCD, PTSD, schizophrenia, depression, and pain Illustrated in full color Each chapter provides in-text summary points, special feature boxes, and research questions Provides an up-to-date synthesis of primary source material