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Stress: Genetics, Epigenetics and Genomics

Stress: Genetics, Epigenetics and Genomics
Volume 4: Handbook of Stress

by George Fink

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-24
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 0128131578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This fourth volume in the Handbook of Stress series, Stress: Genetics, Epigenetics and Genomics, deals with the influence that genetics, epigenetics, and genomics have on the effects of and responses to stress. Chapters refer to epigenetic mechanisms that involve DNA methylation, histone modification, and/or noncoding RNA-associated gene activation or silencing. There is also coverage of epigenetic mechanisms in stress-related transgenerational transmission of characteristics, and how these may help explain heritability in some complex human diseases. The Handbook of Stress series, comprised of self-contained volumes that each focus on a specific stress area, covers the significant advances made since the publication of Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Stress (2000 and 2007). Volume 4 is ideal for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, faculty and clinicians interested in stress genetics, epigenetics and genomics involved in neuroendocrinology, neuroscience, biomedicine, endocrinology, psychology, psychiatry and the social sciences. Articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field, with each chapter fully vetted for reliable expert knowledge Richly illustrated with explanatory figures and tables Each chapter includes a boxed “Key points call out section Affordably priced, self-contained volume for readers specifically interested in stress genetics and epigenetics, removing the need to purchase the whole Handbook series

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry
A Book

by John R. Geddes,Nancy C. Andreasen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-02-20
  • Pages : 1504
  • ISBN : 0198713002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over its two editions, The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry has come to be regarded as one of the most popular and trusted standard psychiatry texts among psychiatrists and trainees. Bringing together 146 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, Third Edition has been extensively re-structured and streamlined to keep pace with the significant developments that have taken place in the fields of clinical psychiatry and neuroscience since publication of the second edition in 2009. The new edition has been updated throughout to include the most recent versions of the two main classification systems---the DSM-5 and the ICD-11---used throughout the world for the diagnosis of mental disorders. In the years since publication of the first edition, many new and exciting discoveries have occurred in the biological sciences, which are having a major impact on how we study and practise psychiatry. In addition, psychiatry has fostered closer ties with philosophy, and these are leading to healthy discussions about how we should diagnose and treat mental illness. This new edition recognises these and other developments. Throughout, accounts of clinical practice are linked to the underlying science, and to the evidence for the efficacy of treatments. Physical and psychological treatments, including psychodynamic approaches, are covered in depth. The history of psychiatry, ethics, public health aspects, and public attitudes to psychiatry and to patients are all given due attention.

Epigenetics in Health and Disease

Epigenetics in Health and Disease
A Book

by Igor Kovalchuk,Olga Kovalchuk

  • Publisher : FT Press
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 598
  • ISBN : 013259708X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"After reviewing the field's history and context, the authors introduce and explain each key epigenetic mechanism. Next, they extensively discuss the roles these mechanisms may play in inheritance, development, health and disease, behavior, evolution, ecology, and the interactions of individual organisms with their environments"--Cover, p. [4].

The Developing Genome

The Developing Genome
An Introduction to Behavioral Epigenetics

by David S. Moore

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 0199922349
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Includes bibliographical references (pages 275-300) and index

Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding

Rice Genomics, Genetics and Breeding
A Book

by Takuji Sasaki,Motoyuki Ashikari

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-03-15
  • Pages : 558
  • ISBN : 9811074615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest advances in rice genomics, genetics and breeding, with a special focus on their importance for rice biology and how they are breathing new life into traditional genetics. Rice is the main staple food for more than half of the world’s population. Accordingly, sustainable rice production is a crucial issue, particularly in Asia and Africa, where the population continues to grow at an alarming rate. The book’s respective chapters offer new and timely perspectives on the synergistic effects of genomics and genetics in novel rice breeding approaches, which can help address the urgent issue of providing enough food for a global population that is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050.

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
A Book

by Vsevolod Rozanov

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-02-13
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0128052864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stress and Epigenetics in Suicidediscusses the central role of epigenetic modifications in suicidal behavior. As early-life stress and an individual's ability to cope with such stressors, combined with psychological factors, social factors, and existential and cognitive factors can predispose young people to suicidal behavior and put them at added risk of suicidal behavior later in life, this book provides readers with an overview of the neurobiology of stress, an introduction to the epigenetic changes induced by stress, and an understanding of how vulnerability and resilience to stress are built. It integrates these mechanisms into a biobehavioral model of suicide based on epigenetic marks, gene-environment interactions, and other stressors. More importantly, it provides future direction for research and discusses potential interventions. This book is an ideal and trusted resource for researchers and clinicians who are interested in learning how the environment can affect behavior through genetics, and for those seeking the development of new methods for suicide prevention. Explores the neurobiology of stress and stress-related epigenetics, including discussion of the role of stress-induced epigenetic changes in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms and whether these epigenetic marks are transgenerational Provides compelling biobehavioral models of suicide based on genetics, epigenetics, and behavioral adjustment Integrates social, psychological, and existential influences, giving readers a better understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of suicide risk factors Presents future directions for suicide-prevention strategies that incorporate recent research on genomics and stress resilience

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation
A Book

by Suming Huang,Michael D Litt,C. Ann Blakey

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-10-19
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 0128004711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetic pathways in PTSD: how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD: how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome
A Book

by Tania L Roth,David M Diamond,Karestan C Koenen

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-04-14
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 2889194582
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This research topic focuses on epigenetic components of PTSD. Epigenetic mechanisms are a class of molecular mechanisms by which environmental influences, including stress, can interact with the genome to have long-term consequences for brain plasticity and behavior. Articles herein include empirical reports and reviews that link stress and trauma with epigenetic alterations in humans and animal models of early- or later-life stress. Themes present throughout the collection include: DNA methylation is a useful biomarker of stress and treatment outcome in humans; epigenetic programming of stress-sensitive physiological systems early in development confers an enhanced risk on disease development upon re-exposure to trauma or stress; and, long-lived fear memories are associated with epigenetic alterations in fear memory and extinction brain circuitry.

Examining the Causal Relationship Between Genes, Epigenetics, and Human Health

Examining the Causal Relationship Between Genes, Epigenetics, and Human Health
A Book

by Wambuguh, Oscar J.

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-03-22
  • Pages : 603
  • ISBN : 1522580670
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For as much as we know about DNA and gene expression, many more mysteries remain to be solved. Epigenetics and epigenomics seek to study heritable modifications in gene expression that do not involve underlying DNA sequences to further human health changes. Examining the Causal Relationship Between Genes, Epigenetics, and Human Health provides innovative research methods and applications of chemical activation or deactivation of genes without altering the original DNA sequence. While highlighting topics including gene expression, personalized medicine, and public policy, this book is ideal for researchers, geneticists, biologists, medical professionals, students, and academics seeking current research on the expanding fields of genomics, epigenomics, proteomics, pharmacogenomics, and genome-wide association studies.

Epigenetics - A Different Way of Looking at Genetics

Epigenetics - A Different Way of Looking at Genetics
A Book

by Walter Doerfler,Petra Böhm

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-03-08
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 3319271865
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents epigenetics research as a new way of looking at genetics. Topics range from basic epigenetics mechanisms to development of cells and organisms and the biological basis of diseases. In addition the book focuses on immunology and the role of viruses in epigenetics. The last part of the book highlights proteins and peptides as epigenetic modulators.

Genome Stability

Genome Stability
From Virus to Human Application

by Igor Kovalchuk,Olga Kovalchuk

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-09-03
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 0128033452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Every species has to preserve the integrity of its genome to ensure faithful passage of genetic information to the progeny. At the same time, there are times during the life of the organism and population in general when a fine balance in genome stability and diversification has to be made to benefit the survival of the species. Genome Stability teaches the reader how various species maintain this fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments. Genome Stability covers a wide range of topics, including the genome stability of DNA/RNA viruses, prokaryotes, single cell eukaryotes, lower multicellular eukaryotes and mammals. Topics also include major DNA repair mechanisms, the role of chromatin in genome stability, human diseases associated with genome instability as well as changes in genome stability in response to aging. Finally, Genome Stability covers how epigenetic factors contribute to genome stability and how the species pass the memory of the encounters to the progeny, thus influencing the genome of the progeny in an indirect manner. This volume is an essential resource for geneticists, epigeneticists, and molecular biologists who are looking to gain a deeper understanding of this rapidly-expanding field, and can also be of great use to advanced students who are looking to gain additional expertise in genome stability. Includes a collection of chapters on genome stability research from various kingdoms, including topics such as epigenetics and transgenerational effects Provides the first comprehensive coverage of the differences in the mechanisms utilized by different organisms to maintain genomic stability Contains applications of genome instability and its effect on human diseases Explains how various species maintain the fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

Advances in Clinical Chemistry
A Book

by Gregory S. Makowski

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-10
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0128208015
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Clinical Chemistry, Volume 94, the latest installment in this internationally acclaimed series, contains chapters authored by world-renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial discusses the latest technologies relating to the field of clinical chemistry, with specific chapters in this new release covering Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: Strategy to develop clinical peptide biomarkers for more accurate evaluation of the pathophysiological status of this syndrome, Clotting factors - Clinical biochemistry and their roles as plasma enzymes, Myokines: The endocrine coupling of skeletal muscle and bone, Epigenetic reprogramming and potential application of epigenetic-modifying drugs in acquired chemotherapeutic resistance, and more. Provides the most up-to-date technologies in clinical chemistry and clinical laboratory science Authored by world renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists Presents the international benchmark for novel analytical approaches in the clinical laboratory

Gene Regulation, Epigenetics and Hormone Signaling

Gene Regulation, Epigenetics and Hormone Signaling
A Book

by Subhrangsu S. Mandal

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-10-23
  • Pages : 668
  • ISBN : 3527322817
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first of its kind, this reference gives a comprehensive but concise introduction to epigenetics before covering the many interactions between hormone regulation and epigenetics at all levels. The contents are very well structured with no overlaps between chapters, and each one features supplementary material for use in presentations. Throughout, major emphasis is placed on pathological conditions, aiming at the many physiologists and developmental biologists who are familiar with the importance and mechanisms of hormone regulation but have a limited background in epigenetics.

Epigenetic Modifications and Viral Infections

Epigenetic Modifications and Viral Infections

by Silvia Carolina Galvan,Alejandro García Carrancá,Félix Recillas-Targa,Jiuzhou Song

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-07-09
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889195872
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics is defined as the study of modifications of the genome, heritable during cell division that does not involve changes in DNA sequences. Up to date, epigenetic modifications involve at least three general mechanisms regulating gene expression: histone modifications, DNA methylation, and non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs). For the past two decades, an explosion in our interest and understanding of epigenetic mechanisms has been seen. This mainly based on the influence that epigenetic alterations have on an amazing number of biological processes, such as gene expression, imprinting, programmed DNA rearrangements, germ line silencing, developmentally cued stem cell division, and overall chromosomal stability and identity. It has become also evident that the constant exposure of living organisms to environment factors affects their genomes through epigenetic mechanisms. Viruses infecting animal cells are thought to play central roles in shaping the epigenetic scenario of infected cells. In this context it has become obvious that knowing the impact that viral infections have on the epigenetic control of their host cells will certainly lead to a better understanding of the interplay viruses have with animal cells. In fact, DNA viruses use host transcription factors as well as epigenetic regulators in such a way that they affect epigenetic control of gene expression that extends to host gene expression. At the same time, animal cells employ mechanisms controlling transcription factors and epigenetic processes, in order to eliminate viral infections. In summary, epigenetic mechanisms are involved in most virus-cell interactions. We now know that some viruses exhibit epigenetic immune evasion mechanisms to survive and propagate in their host; however, there is still much ambiguity over these epigenetic mechanisms of viral immune evasion, and most of the discovered mechanisms are still incomplete. Other animal viruses associated to cancer often deregulate cellular epigenetic mechanisms, silencing cellular tumor-suppressor genes and/or activating either viral or host cell oncogenes. In addition, in several cancers the down-regulation of tumor suppressor protein-coding genes and ncRNAs with growth inhibitory functions, such as miRNAs, have been closely linked to the presence of cell CpG island promoter hypermethylation. The goal of the aforementioned Research Topic is to bring together the key experimental and theoretical research, linking state-of-the-art knowledge about the epigenetic mechanisms involved in animal virus-cell interactions.

Epigenetic Memory and Control in Plants

Epigenetic Memory and Control in Plants
A Book

by Gideon Grafi,Nir Ohad

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-04-18
  • Pages : 261
  • ISBN : 3642352278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics commonly acts at the chromatin level modulating its structure and consequently its function in gene expression and as such plays a critical role in plant response to internal and external cues. This book highlights recent advances in our understanding of epigenetic mechanisms as a major determinant through which internal and external signals, such as those occurring during hybridization, flowering time, reproduction and response to stress, communicate with plant cells to bring about activation of multiple nuclear processes and consequently plant growth and development. The outcome of these processes may persist for generations long after the initial cues have expired and may contribute to plant evolution.

Epigenetic Inheritance and Evolution

Epigenetic Inheritance and Evolution
The Lamarckian Dimension

by Eva Jablonka,Marion J. Lamb,Senior Lecturer in Biology Birkbeck College Marion J Lamb

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Does the inheritance of acquired characteristics play a significant role in evolution? In this book, Eva Jablonka and Marion J. Lamb attempt to answer that question with an original, provocative exploration of the nature and origin of hereditary variations. Starting with a historical account of Lamarck's ideas and the reasons they have fallen in disrepute, the authors go on to challenge the prevailing assumption that all heritable variation is random and the result of variation in DNA base sequences. They also detail recent breakthroughs in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying inheritance--including several pathways not envisioned by classical population genetics--and argue that these advances need to be more fully incorporated into mainstream evolutionary theory. Throughout, the book offers a new look at the evidence for and against the hereditability of environmentally induced changes, and addresses timely questions about the importance of non-Mendelian inheritance. A glossary and extensive list of references round out the book. Urging a reconsideration of the present DNA-centric view prevalent in the field, Epigentic Inheritance and Evolution will make fascinating and important reading for students and researchers in evolution, genetics, ecology, molecular biology, developmental biology, and the history and philosophy of science.

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology

Recent Advances of Epigenetics in Crop Biotechnology

by Clelia De-la-Peña,Raúl Alvarez-Venegas,Christopher Cullis

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-05-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889198545
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Epigenetics is a new field that explains gene expression at the chromatin structure and organization level. Three principal epigenetic mechanisms are known and hundreds of combinations among them can develop different phenotypic characteristics. DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs have been identified, and their functions are being studied in order to understand the mechanisms of interaction and regulation among the different biological processes in plants. Although, fundamental epigenetic mechanisms in crop plants are beginning to be elucidated, the comprehension of the different epigenetic mechanisms, by which plant gene regulation and phenotype are modified, is a major topic to develop in the near future in order to increase crop productivity. Thus, the importance of epigenetics in improving crop productivity is undoubtedly growing. Current research on epigenetics suggest that DNA methylation, histone modifications and small RNAs are involved in almost every aspect of plant life including agronomically important traits such as flowering time, fruit development, responses to environmental factors, defense response and plant growth. The aim of this Research Topic is to explore the recent advances concerning the role of epigenetics in crop biotechnology, as well as to enhance and promote interactions among high quality researchers from different disciplines such as genetics, cell biology, pathology, microbiology, and evolutionary biology in order to join forces and decipher the epigenetic mechanisms in crop productivity.

The Oxford Handbook of Molecular Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Molecular Psychology
A Book

by Associate Professor of Psychology and Radiology Turhan Canli,Turhan Canli

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015-01-09
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0199753881
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This entry in the Oxford Library of Psychology compiles cutting- edge research organized around the concept "molecular psychology," which applies principles of molecular biology to the study of behavior and its neural underpinnings. Determining the biological bases for behavior, and the extent to which we can observe and explain their neural underpinnings, requires a bold, broadly defined research methodology. The interdisciplinary entries in this handbook are organized around the principle of "molecular psychology," which unites cutting-edge research from such wide-ranging disciplines as clinical neuroscience and genetics, psychology, behavioral neuroscience, and neuroethology. For the first time in a single volume, leaders in diverse research areas use molecular approaches to investigate social behavior, psychopathology, emotion, cognition and stress in healthy volunteers, patient populations, and an array of non-human species including rodents, insects, fish, and non-human primates. Chapters draw on molecular methods covering candidate genes, genome-wide association studies, copy number variations, gene expression studies, and epigenetics while addressing the ethical, legal, and social issues to emerge from this new and exciting research approach.

Plant Epigenetics and Epigenomics

Plant Epigenetics and Epigenomics
Methods and Protocols

by Charles Spillane,Peter McKeown

  • Publisher : Humana
  • Release : 2021-03-09
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 9781071601815
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This second edition volume expands on the previous edition with a look at the latest techniques in plant epigenetics and epigenomic research. Chapters in this book cover topics such as whole genome methylome analysis; analysis of DNA methylation; chromatin analysis of metabolic gene clusters in plants; plant epigenetic stress memory induced by drought; small non-coding RNA analysis in seeds of forest tree species; and a discussion on epigenetics inheritance in plants. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and comprehensive, Plant Epigenetics and Epigenomics: Methods and Protocols, Second Edition is a valuable resource for both novice and expert researchers, and aims to advance this field of study by paving the way for integrating epigenetic mechanisms into models of plant function during development and evolution.