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Submerged and Floating Photovoltaic Systems

Submerged and Floating Photovoltaic Systems
Modelling, Design and Case Studies

by Marco Rosa-Clot,Giuseppe Marco Tina

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-11-16
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128123230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Submerged and Floating Photovoltaic Systems: Modelling, Design and Case Studies investigates how the use of photovoltaic systems in and on the water can create a positive synergy by increasing the cost effectiveness of PV systems, satisfying the local energy demand and creating positive effects on water. Tina and Rosa-Clot combine their wealth of experience to present a theoretical, numerical, experimental and design-focused analysis of water-integrated PV systems. The book is dedicated to providing a very accessible and understandable analysis of the theoretical and modeling aspects of these PV systems. The authors explore and analyze many existing projects and case studies which provide the reader with an understanding of common design and installation problems, as well as a thorough economic study to help the reader justify the adoption of this very clean method of creating renewable energy. Investigates the installation of photovoltaic systems and storage systems over and under the water’s surface Offers theoretical and practical explanations of how to study, analyze and design photovoltaic energy systems which are complemented by MATLAB simulations for an enhanced learning experience Considers how the use of submerged and floating photovoltaic systems can work to fulfill domestic energy demand

Floating PV Plants

Floating PV Plants
A Book

by Marco Rosa-Clot,Giuseppe Marco Tina

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-01-28
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 012817062X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable energy sources (RES) are one of the important instruments that human beings can use to tackle problems created by climate change. We expect a quick expansion of RES in the next few years. One important new technology is the floating photovoltaic (FPV) which is at its very beginning but which after only 10 years from its first proposal has already reached the target of 2 GWp of plants installed. This book explores the reasons for such growth and the advantages of this new technology. FPV plants are easily integrated into any human settlements and can use available fresh water as well as salt water near coastal areas. So their geographic potential is unlimited. Furthermore, their environmental impact is limited and the managing and decommissioning of plants are very cheap. The book offers a perspective on the many facets of this technology as well as an analysis of the economic aspect and of the final electricity cost which in a short time will go down to less than 50 $ per MWh. Contributions from different authors have helped in sectors such as the raft structure, the wave impact, and the environment problems. Investigates the installation of photovoltaic systems over the water’s surface Offers theoretical and practical explanations on how to study, analyze and design photovoltaic energy systems Considers how the use of floating photovoltaic systems can work to fulfill domestic energy demand

WCFS2019

WCFS2019
Proceedings of the World Conference on Floating Solutions

by Chien Ming Wang,Soon Heng Lim,Zhi Yung Tay

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-17
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 9811387435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights recent research and developments in floating structures on rivers, lakes, seas and oceans for energy harvesting, aquaculture and farming, leisure activities, infrastructure, industrial plants, real estate and cities, with a focus on sustainably living, relaxing and working offshore. Bringing together international experts and leaders, from both industry and academia it reviews and discusses ocean space utilization, and offers an ideal platform for those wanting to establish new collaborations on floating structure projects.

Offshore Mechanics

Offshore Mechanics
Structural and Fluid Dynamics for Recent Applications

by Madjid Karimirad,Constantine Michailides,Ali Nematbakhsh

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-03-20
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1119216621
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offshore Mechanics: Structural and Fluid Dynamics for Recent Applications is a textbook which covers theoretical concepts in offshore mechanics with consideration to new applications. Whereas most of the books currently available in the field of offshore mechanics use traditional oil, gas, and ship industry examples in order to explain the fundamentals in offshore mechanics, this book uses more recent applications including offshore wind farms, ocean energy devices, aquaculture, floating bridges and submerged tunnels. Offshore Mechanics: Structural and Fluid Dynamics for Recent Applications covers traditional and more recent methodologies used in offshore structure modelling (including SPH and Hydro-elasticity models). It examines numerical techniques, including computational fluid dynamics and finite element method and includes easy to understand examples.

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability
Proceedings of ICIMES 2019

by A.N.R. Reddy,Deepak Marla,Milan Simic,Margarita N. Favorskaya,Suresh Chandra Satapathy

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-14
  • Pages : 842
  • ISBN : 9811516162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book includes selected, high-quality papers presented at the International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability (ICIMES 2019) held at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology (MRCET), Maisammaguda, Hyderabad, India, from 21 to 22 June 2019. It covers topics in the areas of automation, manufacturing technology and energy sustainability.

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering

Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering
A Book

by Antonio Luque,Steven Hegedus

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-03-29
  • Pages : 1162
  • ISBN : 0470976128
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The most comprehensive, authoritative and widely cited reference on photovoltaic solar energy Fully revised and updated, the Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, Second Edition incorporates the substantial technological advances and research developments in photovoltaics since its previous release. All topics relating to the photovoltaic (PV) industry are discussed with contributions by distinguished international experts in the field. Significant new coverage includes: three completely new chapters and six chapters with new authors device structures, processing, and manufacturing options for the three major thin film PV technologies high performance approaches for multijunction, concentrator, and space applications new types of organic polymer and dye-sensitized solar cells economic analysis of various policy options to stimulate PV growth including effect of public and private investment Detailed treatment covers: scientific basis of the photovoltaic effect and solar cell operation the production of solar silicon and of silicon-based solar cells and modules how choice of semiconductor materials and their production influence costs and performance making measurements on solar cells and modules and how to relate results under standardised test conditions to real outdoor performance photovoltaic system installation and operation of components such as inverters and batteries. architectural applications of building-integrated PV Each chapter is structured to be partially accessible to beginners while providing detailed information of the physics and technology for experts. Encompassing a review of past work and the fundamentals in solar electric science, this is a leading reference and invaluable resource for all practitioners, consultants, researchers and students in the PV industry.

Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply

Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply
A Book

by Ashok K. Sharma,Donald Begbie,Ted Gardner

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2015-05-15
  • Pages : 372
  • ISBN : 1780405359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rainwater tank systems have been widely adopted across the world to provide a safe local source of water in underdeveloped rural areas, a substitution for mains water for non potable end uses in water stressed urban areas, as well as providing flooding control in monsoonal climates such as Korea, or combined sewer systems such as Germany. The importance of these systems in cities has grown, as water managers seek to provide a range of decentralised solutions to supply constraints of current water supply systems, whilst reducing the impact of urban development on the natural environment, and increasing resilience to the impacts of climate change. Rainwater tank systems are now often implemented under integrated urban water management (IUWM) and water sensitive urban design (WSUD) philosophies, which take a holistic view of the urban water cycle. Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply is based on a comprehensive, multi-million dollar research program that was undertaken in South East Queensland (SEQ) Australia in response to the Millennium drought when the water supply level in the regions drinking water dams dropped to 17% in July 2007 and the area came close to running out of water. In particular, the book provides insights and detailed analysis of design, modelling, implementation, operation, energy usage, economics, management, health risk, social perceptions and implications for water quality/quantity of roof water runoff. The approaches and methodologies included in Rainwater Tank Systems for Urban Water Supply inform and validate research programs, and provide insights on the expected performance and potential pitfalls of the adoption of rainwater tanks systems including: actual harvested yield and resulting mains water savings, optimal sizing for rainwater storages and roof collection systems, expected water quality and implications for managing public health risks, modelling tools available for decision support, operation and management approaches of a decentralised asset at the household scale and community acceptance. The book is suitable for use at undergraduate and post graduate levels and is of particular interest to water professionals across the globe, who are involved in the strategic water planning for a town, city or a region. It is a valuable resource for developers, civil designers, water planners, architects and plumbers seeking to implement sustainable water servicing approaches for residential, industrial and commercial developments.

Solar Energy Engineering

Solar Energy Engineering
Processes and Systems

by Soteris A. Kalogirou

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-07-22
  • Pages : 778
  • ISBN : 9780080922874
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As perhaps the most promising of all the renewable energy sources available today, solar energy is becoming increasingly important in the drive to achieve energy independence and climate balance. This new book is the masterwork from world-renowned expert Dr. Soteris Kalogirou, who has championed solar energy for decades. The book includes all areas of solar energy engineering, from the fundamentals to the highest level of current research. The author includes pivotal subjects such as solar collectors, solar water heating, solar space heating and cooling, industrial process heat, solar desalination, photovoltaics, solar thermal power systems, and modeling of solar systems, including the use of artificial intelligence systems in solar energy systems, modeling and performance prediction. *Written by one of the world's most renowned experts in solar energy *Covers the hottest new developments in solar technology, such as solar cooling and desalination *Packed with quick look up tables and schematic diagrams for the most commonly used systems today'

Marine Concrete Structures

Marine Concrete Structures
Design, Durability and Performance

by Mark Alexander

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2016-09-13
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0081000847
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Marine Concrete Structures: Design, Durability and Performance comprehensively examines structures located in, under, or in close proximity to the sea. A major emphasis of the book is on the long-term performance of marine concrete structures that not only represent major infrastructure investment and provision, but are also required to operate with minimal maintenance. Chapters review the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures, and examine their performance and durability in the marine environment. A number of case studies of significant marine concrete structures from around the world are included which help to reinforce the principles outlined in earlier chapters and provide useful background to these types of structures. The result is a thorough and up-to-date reference source that engineers, researchers, and postgraduate students in this field will find invaluable. Covers, in detail, the design, specification, construction, and operation of marine concrete structures Examines the properties and performance of concrete in the marine environment Provides case studies on significant marine concrete structures and durability-based design from around the world

Talking Renewables

Talking Renewables
A Renewable Energy Primer for Everyone

by Anirudh Singh

  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release : 2018-03-23
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 1681749017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Renewable energy (RE) is a subject of great interest today. It is one of the two main means for implementing climate change mitigation programmes, and presently the only perceived means for replacing the declining global fossil fuel reserves. It also helps fight poverty and assists in the global quest for gender equity by taking clean energy where it is needed most for development. It is perhaps not surprising therefore that there is so much coverage of RE in both the conventional media and the internet by media and tech writers, economists and bloggers, many of who only have a partial understanding of the technology itself. The end result is mostly promotional rhetoric that says little about the true value of the technology, and leads to a confused picture for the serious individual or decision-maker who wants to know what the technology is really capable of doing. This book provides a clear and factual picture of the status of RE and its capabilities today. The need for such a book was first realized by the author when he was engaged in a renewable energy capacity-building project encompassing countries from Europe, the Caribbean, Africa, and the Pacific. The book is largely non-technical in nature; it does however contain enough mention of the science and technology to enable readers to go further with their own investigations should they wish to. The book covers all areas of renewable energy (RE), starting from biomass energy and hydropower and proceeding to wind, solar and geothermal energy before ending with an overview of ocean energy. It begins with a simple introduction to the physical principles of the RE technologies, followed by an enumeration of the requirements for their successful implementation. The last two chapters consider how the technologies are actually being implemented today and their roles in climate change mitigation and poverty alleviation.

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion

Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion
Technologies, Applications and Environmental Impacts

by Shiva Gorjian,Ashish Shukla

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-07-17
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 0128226412
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conversion - Technologies, Applications and Environmental Impacts features comprehensive and up-to-date knowledge on the photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology and describes its different aspects in the context of most recent scientific and technological advances. It also provides an insight into future developments in this field by covering four distinct topics include "PV Cells and Modules", "Applications of PV Systems", "Life Cycle and Environmental Impacts" and "PV Market and Policies". An up-to-date reference book on the advances of photovoltaic solar energy conversion technology Describes different aspects of PV and PVT technologies in a comprehensive way Provides information on design, development, and monitoring of PV systems Covers applications of PV and PVT systems in the urban, industry, and agriculture sectors Features new concepts, environmental impacts, market and policies of the PV technology

Advanced Concepts for Renewable Energy Supply of Data Centres

Advanced Concepts for Renewable Energy Supply of Data Centres

by Jaume Salom,Thorsten Urbaneck,Eduard Oró

  • Publisher : River Publishers
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 8793519427
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid increase of cloud computing, high performance computing (HPC) and the vast growth in Internet and Social Media use have aroused the interest in energy consumption and the carbon footprint of Data Centres. Data Centres primarily contain electronic equipment used for data processing (servers), data storage (storage equipment), and communications (network equipment). Collectively, this equipment processes, stores, and transmits digital information and is known as information technology (IT) equipment. Advanced Concepts for Renewable Energy Supply of Data Centres introduces a number of technical solutions for the supply of power and cooling energy into Data Centres with enhanced utilisation of renewable energy sources in order to achieve low energy Data Centres. Because of the high energy density nature of these unique infrastructures, it is essential to implement energy efficiency measures and reduce consumption before introducing any renewable energy source. A holistic approach is used with the objective of integrating many technical solutions such as management of the IT (Information Technology) load, efficient electrical supply to the IT systems, Low-Ex air-conditioning systems, interaction with district heating and cooling networks, re-use of heat, free cooling (air, seawater, groundwater), optimal use of heat and cold storage, electrical storage and integration in smart grids. This book is therefore a catalogue of advanced technical concepts that could be integrated into Data Centres portfolio in order to increase the overall efficiency and the share of renewable energies in power and cooling supply. Based on dynamic energy models implemented in TRNSYS some concepts are deeply evaluated through yearly simulations. The results of the simulation are illustrated with Sankey charts, where the energy flows per year within the subsystems of each concept for a selected scenario are shown, and graphs showing the results of parametric analysis. A set of environmental metrics (as the non-renewable primary energy) and financial metrics (CAPEX and OPEX) as well of energy efficiency metrics like the well-known PUE, are described and used to evaluate the different technical concepts.

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability

Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability
Proceedings of ICIMES 2019

by A.N.R. Reddy,Deepak Marla,Milan Simic,Margarita N. Favorskaya,Suresh Chandra Satapathy

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-02-14
  • Pages : 842
  • ISBN : 9811516162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book includes selected, high-quality papers presented at the International Conference on Intelligent Manufacturing and Energy Sustainability (ICIMES 2019) held at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Malla Reddy College of Engineering & Technology (MRCET), Maisammaguda, Hyderabad, India, from 21 to 22 June 2019. It covers topics in the areas of automation, manufacturing technology and energy sustainability.

Water, Energy, and Environment – A Primer

Water, Energy, and Environment – A Primer
A Book

by Allan R. Hoffman

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2019-02-15
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1780409648
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'We are experiencing the beginning of an energy revolution in these early years of the 21st century.' Water, Energy, and Environment - A Primer provides an introduction to, and explanation of, this revolution.

The Power of Renewables

The Power of Renewables
Opportunities and Challenges for China and the United States

by Chinese Academy of Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences,National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,Policy and Global Affairs,Committee on U.S.-China Cooperation on Electricity from Renewable Resources

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2011-01-29
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0309160006
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The United States and China are the world's top two energy consumers and, as of 2010, the two largest economies. Consequently, they have a decisive role to play in the world's clean energy future. Both countries are also motivated by related goals, namely diversified energy portfolios, job creation, energy security, and pollution reduction, making renewable energy development an important strategy with wide-ranging implications. Given the size of their energy markets, any substantial progress the two countries make in advancing use of renewable energy will provide global benefits, in terms of enhanced technological understanding, reduced costs through expanded deployment, and reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions relative to conventional generation from fossil fuels. Within this context, the U.S. National Academies, in collaboration with the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), reviewed renewable energy development and deployment in the two countries, to highlight prospects for collaboration across the research to deployment chain and to suggest strategies which would promote more rapid and economical attainment of renewable energy goals. Main findings and concerning renewable resource assessments, technology development, environmental impacts, market infrastructure, among others, are presented. Specific recommendations have been limited to those judged to be most likely to accelerate the pace of deployment, increase cost-competitiveness, or shape the future market for renewable energy. The recommendations presented here are also pragmatic and achievable.

Aquaponics Food Production Systems

Aquaponics Food Production Systems
Combined Aquaculture and Hydroponic Production Technologies for the Future

by Simon Goddek,Alyssa Joyce,Benz Kotzen,Gavin M. Burnell

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-21
  • Pages : 619
  • ISBN : 3030159434
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book, written by world experts in aquaponics and related technologies, provides the authoritative and comprehensive overview of the key aquaculture and hydroponic and other integrated systems, socio-economic and environmental aspects. Aquaponic systems, which combine aquaculture and vegetable food production offer alternative technology solutions for a world that is increasingly under stress through population growth, urbanisation, water shortages, land and soil degradation, environmental pollution, world hunger and climate change.

Wetland Trail Design and Construction

Wetland Trail Design and Construction
A Book

by Robert T. Steinholtz

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 82
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ln this manual we have described the common techniques for building a wetland trail. We have also included information on some of the more unusual materials and tools.

Use, Operation and Maintenance of Renewable Energy Systems

Use, Operation and Maintenance of Renewable Energy Systems
Experiences and Future Approaches

by Miguel A. Sanz-Bobi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-05-09
  • Pages : 385
  • ISBN : 3319032240
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book addresses the use, operation and maintenance of new renewable energy systems, taking into account their integration in the current electrical markets and in the new emergent uses of energy. The book is based on practical experiences which present different perspectives about what occurs once an energy production plant based on sources of renewable energy is in production. Questions to be addressed include: how the energy produced is integrated into the current system of energy production, what is its consideration in the electrical market, what the impact is on society, how differential the strategies of operation and maintenance are with respect to conventional systems of energy production, etc.

The Benefits and Risks of Solar Powered Irrigation - a global overview

The Benefits and Risks of Solar Powered Irrigation - a global overview
A Book

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2018-04-12
  • Pages : 87
  • ISBN : 9251304793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The report gives a state-of-the-art overview of policies, regulations and incentives for the sustainable use of solar-powered irrigation technologies (SPIS) around the world. SPIS offer a viable, low-tech energy solution for irrigated agriculture, providing a reliable source of energy in remote areas, contributing to rural electrification, reducing energy costs for irrigation and enabling low emission agriculture. Nevertheless, SPIS have a significant initial investment cost and require innovative financing models to overcome this barrier to adoption, especially for small-scale farmers. Technical knowledge and service infrastructure is needed to ensure that the systems run effectively. Moreover, SPIS – if not adequately managed - bear the risk of fostering unsustainable water use as lower energy costs may lead to over-abstraction of groundwater. This report looks at how different countries work to create an enabling environment for SPIS technologies, while managing the risks that come with it.

Electrical Energy Efficiency

Electrical Energy Efficiency
Technologies and Applications

by Andreas Sumper,Angelo Baggini

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-03-15
  • Pages : 550
  • ISBN : 1119942063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The improvement of electrical energy efficiency is fast becoming one of the most essential areas of sustainability development, backed by political initiatives to control and reduce energy demand. Now a major topic in industry and the electrical engineering research community, engineers have started to focus on analysis, diagnosis and possible solutions. Owing to the complexity and cross-disciplinary nature of electrical energy efficiency issues, the optimal solution is often multi-faceted with a critical solutions evaluation component to ensure cost effectiveness. This single-source reference brings a practical focus to the subject of electrical energy efficiency, providing detailed theory and practical applications to enable engineers to find solutions for electroefficiency problems. It presents power supplier as well as electricity user perspectives and promotes routine implementation of good engineering practice. Key features include: a comprehensive overview of the different technologies involved in electroefficiency, outlining monitoring and control concepts and practical design techniques used in industrial applications; description of the current standards of electrical motors, with illustrative case studies showing how to achieve better design; up-to-date information on standarization, technologies, economic realities and energy efficiency indicators (the main types and international results); coverage on the quality and efficiency of distribution systems (the impact on distribution systems and loads, and the calculation of power losses in distribution lines and in power transformers). With invaluable practical advice, this book is suited to practicing electrical engineers, design engineers, installation designers, M&E designers, and economic engineers. It equips maintenance and energy managers, planners, and infrastructure managers with the necessary knowledge to properly evaluate the wealth of electrical energy efficiency solutions for large investments. This reference also provides interesting reading material for energy researchers, policy makers, consultants, postgraduate engineering students and final year undergraduate engineering students.