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Surveying the Covid-19 Pandemic and Its Implications

Surveying the Covid-19 Pandemic and Its Implications
Urban Health, Data Technology and Political Economy

by Zaheer Allam

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-07-21
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 0128243147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surveying the Covid-19 Pandemic and Its Implications: Urban Health, Data Technology and Political Economy explores social, economic, and policy impacts of COVID-19 that will persist for some time. This timely book surveys the COVID-19 from a holistic, high level perspective, examining such topics as Urban health policy responses impact on cities economies, Urban economic impacts of supply chain disruption, The need for coherent short term urban policies that aligns with long term goals, The rise to citizen science initiatives, The role of open data, The need for protocols to support research collaborations, Building larger infectious disease modelling datasets, NS Advanced computing tools for health policy. Includes the most hot topical issues surrounding COVID-19 Provides an urban viewpoint on COVID-19 and its effects on urban health Presents a multidisciplinary perspective

South Asia Economic Focus

South Asia Economic Focus
Public Banks

by World Bank

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2020-04-11
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 1464815666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The South Asia Economic Focus is a biannual economic update presenting recent economic developments and a near term economic outlook for South Asia. It includes a Focus section presenting more in depth analysis of an economic topic of relevance for stability, growth and prosperity in the region as well as country briefs covering Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It concludes with a data section providing key economic indicators for South Asia "at a glance". Overall, it aims at providing important background information and timely analysis of key indicators and economic and financial developments of relevance to World Bank Group operations and interaction with counterparts in the region, particularly during annual and spring meetings.

Economic impacts of COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia: A review of phone survey evidence

Economic impacts of COVID-19 pandemic in Ethiopia: A review of phone survey evidence
A Book

by Hirvonen, Kalle

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-08-24
  • Pages : 15
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As in most low and middle-income countries, the paucity of timely economic data in Ethiopia makes it difficult to understand the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. To mitigate this, several organizations have launched phone surveys to gather more information about the crisis. This research report reviews the available phone survey evidence as of mid-August 2020 and identifies knowledge gaps. First, the available evidence suggest that the pandemic has not led to unusually large increases in food prices. However, a case study in the vegetable sector suggests that price dynamics are highly context and crop specific, calling for more comprehensive price monitoring to identify food value chains and areas where food price increases may have been unusually rapid. Second, employment losses have concentrated on informal sector workers while redundancies in the formal sector have been less significant. Third, there is considerable uncertainty about the income, poverty, and food security implications of this crisis. While most households report income losses, the qualitative and subjective nature of these questions meanthat the magnitudes of these losses are unknown. In Addis Ababa, less subjective food security measures indicate only small negative changes in household food and nutrition security. Finally, due to limited access to mobile phones in rural areas, we have imperfect and incomplete information on how this crisis is affecting rural households.

Sustainable Lifestyles after Covid-19

Sustainable Lifestyles after Covid-19
A Book

by Fabián Echegaray,Valerie Brachya,Philip J. Vergragt,Lei Zhang

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2021-04-23
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 100040997X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book takes an in-depth look at Covid-19-generated societal trends and develops scenarios for possible future directions of urban lifestyles. Drawing on examples from Brazil, China, and Israel, and with a particular focus on cities, this book explores the short and long-term changes in individual consumers and citizen behavior as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic. On the basis of extensive market and opinion research data, aggregate data, observational evidence, and news reports, the authors provide a detailed account of the transformations that have occurred as a result of a triple shock of public health emergency, economic shutdown, and social isolation. They also examine which of these behavioral changes are likely to become permanent and consider whether this may ultimately promote or restrain sustainable lifestyle choices. Innovative and timely, this book will be of great interest to students, scholars, and professionals researching and working in the areas of sustainable consumption, urban and land use planning, and public health.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - November 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - November 2020 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Zone, Phoo Pye,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-12-10
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanization service providers (MSP) in Myanmar were originally surveyed by telephone over three rounds in May, June, and July 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. Most of the MSPs interviewed were engaged in providing farmers with tractor-related services. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 07, 12, and 17, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a fourth round of the survey of MSPs was done in early-November 2020, administered mostly to those engaged in harvesting activities. This note reports on the results of the fourth survey, as well as some trends seen between the earlier survey rounds and this last one.

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy : Survey-based Evidence from Free Zones

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy : Survey-based Evidence from Free Zones
A Book

by Klaus-Jürgen Gern,Saskia Mösle

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - July 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - July 2020 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Win, Myat Thida,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-07-31
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanization service providers in Myanmar were originally interviewed by telephone in May 2020 and again in June 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 07 and 12, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a third phone survey of mechanization service providers was done in early-July 2020. This Note reports on the results of the third survey, as well as some trends since the first and the second surveys.

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Inequalityof Opportunity in Psychological Distress in the UK

The COVID-19 Pandemic and Its Impact on Inequalityof Opportunity in Psychological Distress in the UK
A Book

by Apostolos Davillas,Andrew M. Jones

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We use data from Wave 9 of UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS) and the April 2020 Wave of the UKHLS COVID-19 survey to compare measures of ex ante inequality of opportunity (IOp) in psychological distress, as measured by the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ), before (Wave 9) and at the initial peak (April 2020) of the pandemic. Based on a Caseness measure, the prevalence of psychological distress increases from 18.3% to 28.3% between Wave 9 and April 2020. Also, there is a systematic increase in total inequality in the Likert GHQ-12 score. However, measures of IOp have not increased. Specifically, the proportion of total inequality attributed to circumstances has declined, consistent with the notion that the pandemic is, to some extent, a leveller as far as psychological distress is considered. A Shapley-Shorrocks decomposition analysis shows that in the pre-COVID-19 period the largest contributors to IOp were financial strain, employment status and housing conditions. In contrast, in April 2020, these factors decline in their shares and age and gender now account for a larger share. The contribution of working in an industry related to the COVID-19 response plays a small role at Wave 9, but more than triples its share in April 2020. Household composition and parental occupation also increase their shares during the pandemic.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - May 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - May 2020 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Win, Myat Thida,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-06-16
  • Pages : 10
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural equipment retailers (ERs) play an essential role in meeting the demand for a diverse set of machines and equipment at affordable prices that are needed for the heterogeneous agricultural production environments in Myanmar. ERs can be particularly sensitive to bottlenecks in trade flows and internal logistical disruptions that affect their inventory management. Given their close linkages with mechanization service providers, the financial and supply challenges that ERs face can have repercussions on the provision of mechanization services as well. The COVID-19 pandemic in Myanmar and the policy responses to it have affected key aspects of the business operations of ERs. Measures to support equipment retailers and to ensure the access of buyers to their equipment and services should be guided by an understanding of the situation on the ground. This policy note uses qualitative findings from a rapid phone survey of ERs across Myanmar.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Yangon peri-urban poultry farmers - November 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Yangon peri-urban poultry farmers - November 2020 survey round
A Book

by Fang, Peixun,Belton, Ben,Ei Win, Hnin,Zhang, Xiaobo

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-12-22
  • Pages : 11
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Poultry farmers in Myanmar were interviewed by telephone in early June, late June, early July, late July, and August 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 11, 13, 19, 21, and 28, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a sixth round of the phone survey of poultry farmers was done in November 2020. The sixth round sample included 226 poultry farmers (162 broiler and 64 layer farms) in the Yangon peri-urban area (Ayeyarwady, Bago, and Yangon regions) who had been interviewed in the first five rounds of the survey. The same survey questionnaire was used. This survey round is three months after the August survey round, so most broiler farms should have finished a full production cycle between the two last survey rounds. This Policy Note reports on the results of this sixth survey round.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - December 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Mechanization service providers - December 2020 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Zone, Phoo Pye,Win, Myat Thida,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021-01-27
  • Pages : 11
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanization service providers (MSP) in Myanmar were originally interviewed by telephone in May, June, July, and November 2020, covering mostly combine-harvester SPs (CHSP) and tractor SPs (TSP), to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 07, 12, 17, and 39, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a fifth phone survey of MSPs was done in mid-December 2020, administered mostly to SPs in harvesting activities. This Note reports on the results of the fifth survey, as well as on some trends from the earlier surveys.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - June 2020 survey round Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - June 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - June 2020 survey round Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - June 2020 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Win, Myat Thida,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-07-23
  • Pages : 9
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural equipment retailers (ER) in Myanmar were originally interviewed by telephone in late May 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of that survey were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Note 09. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a second phone survey of ERs was done in late June 2020. This Policy Note reports on the results of this second survey.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Yangon peri-urban poultry farmers - Early July 2020 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Yangon peri-urban poultry farmers - Early July 2020 survey round
A Book

by Fang, Peixun,Belton, Ben,Ei Win, Hnin,Win, Khin Zin,Zhang, Xiaobo

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-08-11
  • Pages : 9
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Poultry farmers in Myanmar were originally interviewed by telephone in early and late June 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 11 and 13, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a third phone survey of poultry farmers was done in early July 2020. The third survey included 247 poultry farmers (177 broiler and 70 layer farms) in the Yangon peri-urban area (Ayeyarwady, Bago, and Yangon regions) who had been interviewed for the second round of the survey. The same survey questionnaire was used. This Policy Note reports on the results of the third survey round.

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Consumption and Indirect Tax in Ireland

The Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Consumption and Indirect Tax in Ireland
A Book

by Cathal Coffey,Karina Doorley,Conor O'Toole,Barra Roantree

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Using micro data from the Central Statistics Office (CSO) Household Budget Survey (HBS), we assess the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on consumption and its implications for indirect tax receipts in 2020. We show that over one-third of household expenditure is on items that are currently restricted due to public health measures such as transport, selected retail expenditure and entertainment items. We parameterise three scenarios which attempt to take into account: 1) a return to a 'new normal' with ongoing physical and social distancing; 2) a 'second wave' lockdown; and 3) rapid vaccine development that allows a return to normal economic and social life by the end of 2020. Under these scenarios, household consumption this year is estimated to be between 12 and 20 per cent lower than what it would have been in the absence of the pandemic. Indirect tax paid by households is estimated to be between 19 and 32 per cent lower than it otherwise would have been.

Food and nutrition security in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia during COVID-19 pandemic: June 2020 report

Food and nutrition security in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia during COVID-19 pandemic: June 2020 report
A Book

by Abate, Gashaw T.,de Brauw, Alan,Hirvonen, Kalle

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-06-16
  • Pages : 25
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In early June 2020, we called by telephone a representative sample of nearly 600 households in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to assess income changes and household food and nutrition security status during the COVID-19 pandemic (survey period covering May). This was the second administration of a COVID-19 related survey to these households, following an initial survey conducted in early May 2020 covering the situation of the survey households in April. More than two-third of the households indicated in the second survey that their incomes were lower than expected (up from 58 percent in April) and 45 percent reported that they are extremely stressed about the situation (up from 35 percent in April). Using a pre-pandemic wealth index, we find that less-wealthy households were considerably more likely to report income losses and high stress levels than were wealthier households. Compared to a period just before the pandemic (January and February 2020), indicators measuring food security have significantly worsened but have remained the same since April. During the pandemic, households are less and less frequently consuming relatively more expensive but nutritionally richer foods, such as fruit and dairy products. However, overall food security status in Addis Ababa is not yet alarming, possibly because many households have been able to use their savings to buffer food consumption. As the pandemic is still in an early stage in Ethiopia, it is likely that these savings will not last throughout the pandemic, calling for a rapid scale-up of existing support programs.

Assessing response fatigue in phone surveys: Experimental evidence on dietary diversity in Ethiopia

Assessing response fatigue in phone surveys: Experimental evidence on dietary diversity in Ethiopia
A Book

by Abay, Kibrom A.,Berhane, Guush,Hoddinott, John F.,Tafere, Kibrom

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021-04-30
  • Pages : 28
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The COVID-19 pandemic has spurred interest in the use of remote data collection techniques, including phone surveys, in developing country contexts. This interest has sparked new methodological work focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of different forms of remote data collection, the use of incentives to increase response rates and how to address sample representativeness. By contrast, attention given to associated response fatigue and its implications remains limited. To assess this, we designed and implemented an experiment that randomized the placement of a survey module on women’s dietary diversity in the survey instrument. We also examine potential differential vulnerabilities to fatigue across food groups and respondents. We find that delaying the timing of mothers’ food consumption module by 15 minutes leads to 8-17 percent decrease in the dietary diversity score and a 28 percent decrease in the number of mothers who consumed a minimum of four dietary groups. This is driven by underreporting of infrequently consumed foods; the experimentally induced delay in the timing of mothers’ food consumption module led to a 40 and 11 percent decrease in the reporting of consumption of animal source foods, and fruits and vegetables, respectively. Our results are robust to changes in model specification and pass falsification tests. Responses by older and less educated mothers and those from larger households are more vulnerable to measurement error due to fatigue.

COVID-19 and global food security

COVID-19 and global food security
A Book

by Swinnen, Johan, ed.,McDermott, John, ed.

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-07-27
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0896293874
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The coronavirus pandemic has sparked not only a health crisis but also an economic crisis, which together pose a serious threat to food security, particularly in poorer countries. COVID-19 & Global Food Security brings together a groundbreaking series of IFPRI blog posts looking at the impacts of COVID-19 and the policy responses. IFPRI researchers and guest bloggers provide key insights and analysis on how the global pandemic is affecting global poverty and food security and nutrition, food trade and supply chains, gender, employment, and a variety of policy interventions, as well as reflections on how we can use these lessons to better prepare for future pandemics. These pieces draw on a combination of conceptual arguments, global and country-level simulation models, in-country surveys, case studies, and expert opinions. Together, they present a comprehensive picture of the current and potential impact of COVID-19 and the world’s policy responses on global food and nutrition security.

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - January 2021 survey round

Monitoring the impact of COVID-19 in Myanmar: Agricultural equipment retailers - January 2021 survey round
A Book

by Takeshima, Hiroyuki,Zone, Phoo Pye,Masias, Ian

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2021-02-19
  • Pages : 9
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural equipment retailers (ER) in Myanmar were originally interviewed by telephone in May, June, July, and November 2020 to determine how their businesses were being affected by COVID-19 related restrictions. The results of those surveys were published in Myanmar Strategy Support Program Policy Notes 09, 16, 18, and 38, respectively. To trace the continuing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on their economic activities, a fifth phone survey of ERs was done in January 2021. This policy note reports on the results of this fifth survey round, as well as changes observed since the respondents were interviewed in earlier rounds.

COVID-19 and food security in Ethiopia: Do social protection programs protect?

COVID-19 and food security in Ethiopia: Do social protection programs protect?
A Book

by Abay, Kibrom A.,Berhane, Guush,Hoddinott, John F.,Tafere, Kibrom

  • Publisher : Intl Food Policy Res Inst
  • Release : 2020-11-11
  • Pages : 46
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We assess the impact of Ethiopia’s flagship social protection program, the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) on the adverse impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on food and nutrition security of households, mothers, and children. We use both pre-pandemic in-person household survey data and a post-pandemic phone survey. Two thirds of our respondents reported that their incomes had fallen after the pandemic began and almost half reported that their ability to satisfy their food needs had worsened. Employing a household fixed effects difference-in-difference approach, we find that the household food insecurity increased by 11.7 percentage points and the size of the food gap by 0.47 months in the aftermath of the onset of the pandemic. Participation in the PSNP offsets virtually all of this adverse change; the likelihood of becoming food insecure increased by only 2.4 percentage points for PSNP households and the duration of the food gap increased by only 0.13 months. The protective role of PSNP is greater for poorer households and those living in remote areas. Results are robust to definitions of PSNP participation, different estimators and how we account for the non-randomness of mobile phone ownership. PSNP households were less likely to reduce expenditures on health and education by 7.7 percentage points and were less likely to reduce expenditures on agricultural inputs by 13 percentage points. By contrast, mothers’ and children’s diets changed little, despite some changes in the composition of diets with consumption of animal source foods declining significantly.

OECD Economic Surveys: Indonesia 2021

OECD Economic Surveys: Indonesia 2021
A Book

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2021-03-18
  • Pages : 108
  • ISBN : 9264635033
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Indonesia experienced its first recession in over two decades in 2020, although large-scale fiscal stimulus and monetary support limited its depth and impact. The approval of an ambitious package of structural reforms, covering labour laws, taxes and ease of doing business, testifies of the authorities’ commitment to attract high-quality investment that will enhance wealth and well-being.