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Sustainable Biopolymer Composites

Sustainable Biopolymer Composites
Biocompatibility, Self-Healing, Modeling, Repair and Recyclability

by Deepak Verma,Mohit Sharma,Kheng Lim Goh,Siddharth Jain,Himani Sharma

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-09-22
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0128222921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Biopolymer Composites: Biocompatibility, Self-healing, Modeling, Repair and Recyclability focuses on sustainable polymer composites also referred to as bio- composites. Vital aspects such as biodegradability, biocompatibility, repair and recyclability are discussed in detail. In addition, complexities like rapid and scalable processing, onsite repair, and minimal environmental effects are also covered along with the appropriateness of advanced polymer composites for structural applications in automotive, aviation and marine industries. This book will be an indispensable resource for scientists, engineers, physicists and chemists who are interested in the preparation, applications and repair analysis of bio-based composites and nano-composites for different types of applications. The composites repair process is extremely complex, hence it is essential to have a comprehensive understanding of damage mechanisms to apply the most suitable repair technique. Damage assessment using onsite inspection, e.g., NDT, THz techniques and the automated repair process for reliability and repeatability, are vital parameters when executing bonded composite repair. Furthermore, overall integrity and structural health monitoring of composites repair is also necessary. Features detailed information on damage detection, failure analysis and repair of advanced bio-polymer composites Emphasizes biocompatibility, degradation and recyclability of these materials Features key chapters on molecular dynamics, multi-scale modeling and self-healing Presents a roadmap for materials selection, processing and industrial utilization for a broad range of applications

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites
A Book

by Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-01
  • Pages : 1440
  • ISBN : 3030053997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Sustainable Engineering of Biopolymer Composites

Sustainable Engineering of Biopolymer Composites
End-of-life Degradation Mechanisms

by Cecily A. Ryan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodegradable plastics and composites have the potential to replace traditional plastics and their composites in a variety of applications, thereby enabling sustainable material and energy life-cycles. The envisioned material life-cycle that is investigated here, is a microbially produced class of bioplastics, poly(hydoxyalkanoates) (PHAs), which can be anaerobically degraded at the end of their serviceable life into a methane-rich feedstock. By recovering methane produced from controlled anaerobic digestion (AD) of this bioplastic and its composites at end-of-life, these materials can be engineered to create a sustainable and industrially viable material cycle. The application primarily addressed in this work is biodegradable wood-plastic composites (WPCs), bio-WPCs, that can be used in large-volume applications, such as the construction industry. This work is also applicable to bioplastic applications, such as containers and packaging. Widespread adoption of these and other bioplastic-natural fiber composites has the potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the consumption of fossil fuels as a material feedstock, and the accumulation of plastic in the environment and in landfills. In order understand and engineer this material cycle, one must understand the biogas production properties, such as rate and quantity, in the end-of-life anaerobic degradation process. This work investigates relationship between processing, properties, and biodegradation of biodegradable polymers (bioplastics) and biocomposites by (i) evaluating kinetic models to for bioplastic degradation and methane recovery, (ii) developing a methodology that can be used to predict and model methane generation from bioplastics and biocomposites, and (iii) investigating the anaerobic degradation mechanisms of these materials in simulated anaerobic landfills or AD facilities. The results from this work can be used as inputs to life-cycle assessments of material end-of-life, to help optimize biocomposite materials properties, and design future resource recovery centers targeted for biopolymer and biocomposite degradation, methane collection, and biopolymer production.

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications
A Book

by Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-06-01
  • Pages : 497
  • ISBN : 1351649000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials
A Book

by Matheus Poletto

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-11-30
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9535127934
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Composites from Renewable and Sustainable Materials consists of 16 chapters written by international subject matter experts investigating the characteristic and current application of materials from renewable and sustainable sources. The reader will develop a deeper understanding about the concepts related to renewable materials, biomaterials, natural fibers, biodegradable composites, starch, and recycled materials. This book will serve as the starting point for materials science researchers, engineers, and technologists from the diverse backgrounds in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering who want to know and better understand the fundamental aspects and current applications of renewable and sustainable materials in several applications.

Sustainable Carbon Dioxide Based Polymer Blends and Natural Fiber Composites

Sustainable Carbon Dioxide Based Polymer Blends and Natural Fiber Composites
A Book

by Eugene Enriquez

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This thesis is an investigation to enhance the efforts of advancing the CO2 based polymer technology and addresses the issue of carbon emission. The target of this study was to utilize poly(propylene carbonate) (PPC), to develop sustainable biopolymer blends and biocomposites for various applications. This thesis is divided into 3 studies: (1) biopolymer blends of PPC with poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV), (2) switchgrass surface modification via alkali and bleach treatments, (3) biocomposites from the chosen biopolymer blend and untreated and treated switchgrass. Incorporating PHBV into PPC was capable of improving thermal and mechanical performance with the added bonus of improving the dimensional stability of the material. Surface modification of switchgrass increased the cellulose content and enhanced the surface roughness of the fiber showing promising results for use in composite applications. Enhancement of the mechanical properties for the chosen blend was observed upon the addition of untreated and treated switchgrass into the system.

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications
Volume 1: Classification, Properties and Synthesis

by Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-05
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 0128221232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 1 reviews key polymers found in nature, their characterization and modification, and processes for using them in the development of metal nanoparticles. Beginning with an introduction to both green chemistry and biopolymers in Part 1, the book goes on to outline the classification of biopolymers in Part 2, with specific details on polysaccharides, proteins and polypeptides, lignin, and polylactic acid. Properties of biopolymers, including biodegradability and toxicity, are the focus of Part 3, before Part 4 goes on to discuss synthesis and characterization. Reviews novel sources of polymers with high potential as green media for synthesizing nanostructures Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Highlights the use of natural polymer supports and the impact of their properties on stability, morphology and scale of nanostructures

Biofiller-Reinforced Biodegradable Polymer Composites

Biofiller-Reinforced Biodegradable Polymer Composites
A Book

by R. Jumaidin,S. M. Sapuan,H. Ismail

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-10-28
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1000198022
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presenting a comprehensive overview of the field, Biofiller-Reinforced Biodegradable Polymer Composites examines biodegradable composites derived from biofiller and biodegradable polymers while providing critical information for efficient use of biocomposites developed from natural resources. Discusses advanced techniques for the use of both biofiller and biodegradable polymers as the matrix for composites. Highlights application of both natural fiber and natural matrix for composites in the development of environmentally friendly and sustainable materials. Introduces the basics of biocomposites, the processing and characteristics of new composite materials, and new combinations of composites such as soy protein and nanocellulose. Elaborates on the introduction of new materials to develop biodegradable polymers. This book has been written for researchers, advanced students, and professional engineers and materials scientists working in the area of bio-based polymers, natural fiber composites, and biocomposites.

Design for Sustainability

Design for Sustainability
Green Materials and Processes

by S.M. Sapuan,Muhd Ridzuan Mansor

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-03-13
  • Pages : 498
  • ISBN : 0128194421
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design for Sustainability: Green Materials and Processes provides fundamental and practical knowledge surrounding product development applications throughout the entire lifecycle of green materials, ranging from conceptual design, material and manufacturing process selection, and environmental lifecycle assessment. In addition, several topics covering recent advances in the application of sustainable design within the automotive, building and construction, packaging and consumer product industries are also included in this book to provide practical examples of this philosophy in current applications. Lastly, a section on implementation of design for sustainability in education is added to aid readers that wish to introduce this philosophy to younger students. This book will be beneficial to researchers, students in higher education institutions, design practitioners and engineers in private and public sector organization with aspirations to develop sustainable products in the future. Design for sustainability is one of the primary focuses in human advancement nowadays, with the aim of developing products and services that meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Provides an overview on materials and process design for sustainability Discusses theoretical aspects about design for sustainability Includes a discussion of the most recent advances and applications in design for sustainability

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites

Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites
A Book

by Md Rezaur Rahman

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-09-24
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 0128203382
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Sustainable Polymer Composites reviews recent scientific findings on the production and use of sustainable polymers and composites as innovative new materials. The book discusses the importance of sustainable polymers in terms of current practices and how to address environmental and economic issues. Attention is focused on the physical, chemical and electrical properties of these composites. The book also looks at the lifecycle of both single and hybrid polymers and nanocomposites, with chapters covering the latest research findings on sustainable polymer composites with various filler loadings and their improvement on compatibility. From the viewpoint of polymer composites, this book covers not only well-known sustainable future trends in sustainable polymers and composites, but also advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers that achieve better physical and mechanical results. Features advanced materials produced from micro, nano and pico-scale fillers Emphasizes the modeling and prediction of thermal, rheological and mechanical behavior Covers various types of fillers and different reinforcement agents Focuses on all aspects of fabrication, characterization and applications Addresses sustainability approaches and solutions

Sustainable Fibres for Fashion Industry

Sustainable Fibres for Fashion Industry
A Book

by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Angel Gardetti

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-03-23
  • Pages : 162
  • ISBN : 9811005222
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book covers all sustainable fibres applicable in the fashion sector and discusses their importance in the context of sustainability. It is the first of its kind to address all the minute details pertaining to these fibres and to connect these fibres with the world of sustainable fashion. It stresses their importance in developing sustainable apparel, since fibres play a major role as the starting point in the life cycle of clothing.

Biopolymers and Composites

Biopolymers and Composites
Processing and Characterization

by Samy A. Madbouly,Chaoqun Zhang

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2021-10-04
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 1501521942
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing interest in replacing petroleum-based products by inexpensive, renewable, natural materials will have a significant impact on sustainability, environment, and the polymer industry. This book provides scientists a useful framework to help take advantage of the latest research conducted in this rapidly advancing field enabling them to develop and commercialize their own products quickly and more successfully.

Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites

Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites
A Book

by Amar K. Mohanty,Manjusri Misra,Lawrence T. Drzal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-04-08
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN : 0203508203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Natural/Biofiber composites are emerging as a viable alternative to glass fiber composites, particularly in automotive, packaging, building, and consumer product industries, and becoming one of the fastest growing additives for thermoplastics. Natural Fibers, Biopolymers, and Biocomposites provides a clear understanding of the present state

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics

Biopolymer Composites in Electronics
A Book

by Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni,John-John Cabibihan,Deepalekshmi Ponnamma,Mariam Ali S A Al-Maadeed,Jaehwan Kim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-09-10
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0081009747
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biopolymer Composites in Electronics examines the current state-of-the-art in the electronic application based on biopolymer composites. Covering the synthesis, dispersion of fillers, characterization and fabrication of the composite materials, the book will help materials scientists and engineers address the challenges posed by the increased use of biopolymeric materials in electronic applications. The influence of preparation techniques on the generation of micro, meso, and nanoscale fillers, and the effect of filler size and dispersion on various biopolymers are discussed in detail. Applications covered include sensors, actuators, optics, fuel cells, photovoltaics, dielectrics, electromagnetic shielding, piezoelectrics, flexible displays, and microwave absorbers. In addition, characterization techniques are discussed and compared, enabling scientists and engineers to make the correct choice of technique. This book is a ‘one-stop’ reference for researchers, covering the entire state-of-the-art in biopolymer electronics. Written by a collection of expert worldwide contributors from industry, academia, government, and private research institutions, it is an outstanding reference for researchers in the field of biopolymer composites for advanced technologies. Enables researchers to keep up with the rapid development of biopolymer electronics, which offer light, flexible, and more cost-effective alternatives to conventional materials of solar cells, light-emitting diodes, and transistors Includes thorough coverage of the physics and chemistry behind biopolymer composites, helping readers to become rapidly acquainted with the fiel Provides in-depth information on the range of biopolymer applications in electronics, from printed flexible conductors and novel semiconductor components, to intelligent labels, large area displays, and solar panels

Cellulose Nanoparticles: Volumes 2

Cellulose Nanoparticles: Volumes 2
A Book

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Elisabete Frollini,Janet Scott

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2021-07-09
  • Pages : 526
  • ISBN : 1788017943
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cellulose Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Manufacturing concentrates on advanced high performance cellulose nanocomposites.

Sustainable Design in Textiles and Fashion

Sustainable Design in Textiles and Fashion
A Book

by Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu,Miguel Ángel Gardetti

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811624666
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book highlights the Eco-design or Sustainable design in textiles and fashion, aimed at reducing their environmental impact throughout their life cycle. Sustainable design is one of the core elements practiced in various industrial sectors. The textiles and fashion sector, is also creating a huge environmental brunt in terms of various fibres, processes, consumption of various resources including dyes, chemicals and auxiliaries, etc,. Thus, sustainable design is the key to reduce the environmental impacts made out of textiles and fashion products. This book includes seven informative chapters to decipher the concept and applications of sustainable design in textiles and fashion.

Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics

Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics
Sustainable Development by Green Engineering Materials

by Neha Kanwar Rawat,Tatiana G. Volova,A. K. Haghi

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-30
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1000067432
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With growing concern for the environment and the rising price of crude oil, there is increasing demand for non-petroleum-based polymers from renewable resources. Recognizing emerging developments in biopolymer systems research, this book brings together a number of key biopolymer and bioplastic topics in one place. The book highlights the importance and impact of eco-friendly green biopolymers and bioplastics, both environmentally and economically. It provides important insight into the diversity of polymers obtained directly from, or derived from, renewable resources. This volume, Applied Biopolymer Technology and Bioplastics: Sustainable Development by Green Engineering Materials, will be valuable for a broad audience of engineers and scientists, especially those designing with biopolymers and biodegradable plastics, or evaluating the options for switching from traditional plastics to biopolymers. The content of this book will prove useful for students, researchers, and professionals working in the field of green technology.

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers

Handbook of Sustainable Polymers
Structure and Chemistry

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-04-27
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9814613568
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable polymers play an indispensable role in the emergence of green materials, and the 21st century is an era of sustainable polymeric materials. Sustainable polymer–based materials have attracted considerable interest because of the energy crisis and ecological concerns as well as the potential to substitute certain petroleum-derived materials. This book covers the fundamentals of sustainable polymers and presents guidelines in a logical and clear manner for students and researchers to follow. It is a milestone that will help accelerate the progress and advancement in the field of sustainable polymers. The text explores the structure and chemistry of various sustainable polymers, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, chitosan, starch, guar gum, pectin, and protein, for the possible development of green sustainable materials.

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4.0

Tribology of Polymer and Polymer Composites for Industry 4.0
A Book

by Hemalata Jena

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9811639035
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources

Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources
A Book

by Faruq Mohammad,Hamad A. Al-lohedan,Mohammad Jawaid

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-17
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128167904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources explores the use of biopolymers in specific application areas such as electronics, energy, consumer goods, packaging materials, therapeutics, water treatment and engineering, and what makes the particular polymer to engage it in these applications. This is an important reference source for those who would like to learn more about how biopolymeric nanocomposites are used in sustainability and environmental protection. Biopolymers, including plant and sea-based polymers, play an important role in the formation and maintaining the stability of industrial nanocomposites; their common functions being the surface modification and protection for the highly oxidative-unstable cores, as stable base for holding multiple targets, and as a shield for the inorganic and highly toxic metals. These biopolymer-based nanocomposites are being used for applications in the electronics, automobile, construction and biomedical sectors. Explains the major design and development techniques of novel biopolymer-based nanocomposites Demonstrates how Nanocelluloses and Nanohydrogels are being used for environmental health and safety Explores how biopolymer-infused nanocellulose and nanogels are less toxic than their conventional counterparts