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Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources

Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources
A Book

by Faruq Mohammad,Hamad A. Al-lohedan,Mohammad Jawaid

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-17
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 0128167904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sustainable Nanocellulose and Nanohydrogels from Natural Sources explores the use of biopolymers in specific application areas such as electronics, energy, consumer goods, packaging materials, therapeutics, water treatment and engineering, and what makes the particular polymer to engage it in these applications. This is an important reference source for those who would like to learn more about how biopolymeric nanocomposites are used in sustainability and environmental protection. Biopolymers, including plant and sea-based polymers, play an important role in the formation and maintaining the stability of industrial nanocomposites; their common functions being the surface modification and protection for the highly oxidative-unstable cores, as stable base for holding multiple targets, and as a shield for the inorganic and highly toxic metals. These biopolymer-based nanocomposites are being used for applications in the electronics, automobile, construction and biomedical sectors. Explains the major design and development techniques of novel biopolymer-based nanocomposites Demonstrates how Nanocelluloses and Nanohydrogels are being used for environmental health and safety Explores how biopolymer-infused nanocellulose and nanogels are less toxic than their conventional counterparts

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio-based Chemistry

Sustainability of Biomass through Bio-based Chemistry
A Book

by Valentin I Popa

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-03-22
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1000358240
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The process of photosynthesis is a potential source of energy and bioproducts. Renewable sources of polymeric materials offer an answer to maintaining sustainable development of economically and ecologically attractive technology. The innovations in the development of materials from biopolymers, preservation of fossil-based raw materials, complete biological degradability, reduction in the volume of garbage and compostability in the natural cycle, climate protection through reduction of carbon dioxide released, and the application possibilities of agricultural resources for the production of bio/green materials are some of the reasons why such materials are attracting public interest. FEATURES Discusses waste from urban areas, forestry and agricultural processes, specifically grown crops such as trees, starch crops, sugar crops hydrocarbon plants and oils, and finally aquatic plants such as water seaweeds and algae, which can be used as raw materials for sustainable development. Presents recent advances in the development of some specifically chemical components of biomasses for a sustainable future. Focuses on lignocellulose as a source of bio-based products. Draws upon expertise from various countries. Describes how upgraded and integrated biomass processing may reduce the risks associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Valentin I. Popa is professor emeritus of Wood Chemistry and Biotechnology at Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania.

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites

Sustainable Polymer Composites and Nanocomposites
A Book

by Inamuddin,Sabu Thomas,Raghvendra Kumar Mishra,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-01
  • Pages : 1440
  • ISBN : 3030053997
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents emerging economical and environmentally friendly polymer composites that are free of the side effects observed in traditional composites. It focuses on eco-friendly composite materials using granulated cork, a by-product of the cork industry; cellulose pulp from the recycling of paper residues; hemp fibers; and a range of other environmentally friendly materials procured from various sources. The book presents the manufacturing methods, properties and characterization techniques of these eco-friendly composites. The respective chapters address classical and recent aspects of eco-friendly polymer composites and their chemistry, along with practical applications in the biomedical, pharmaceutical, automotive and other sectors. Topics addressed include the fundamentals, processing, properties, practicality, drawbacks and advantages of eco-friendly polymer composites. Featuring contributions by experts in the field with a variety of backgrounds and specialties, the book will appeal to researchers and students in the fields of materials science and environmental science. Moreover, it fills the gap between research work in the laboratory and practical applications in related industries.

Biodegradable Green Composites

Biodegradable Green Composites
A Book

by Susheel Kalia

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-02-29
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1118911091
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book comprehensively addresses surface modification of natural fibers to make them more effective, cost-efficient, and environmentally friendly. Topics include the elucidation of important aspects surrounding chemical and green approaches for the surface modification of natural fibers, the use of recycled waste, properties of biodegradable polyesters, methods such as electrospinning, and applications of hybrid composite materials.

Eco-friendly Polymer Nanocomposites

Eco-friendly Polymer Nanocomposites
Chemistry and Applications

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-07-20
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 8132224736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains precisely referenced chapters, emphasizing environment-friendly polymer nanocomposites with basic fundamentals, practicality and alternatives to traditional nanocomposites through detailed reviews of different environmental friendly materials procured from different resources, their synthesis and applications using alternative green approaches. The book aims at explaining basics of eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites from different natural resources and their chemistry along with practical applications which present a future direction in the biomedical, pharmaceutical and automotive industry. The book attempts to present emerging economic and environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites that are free from side effects studied in the traditional nanocomposites. This book is the outcome of contributions by many experts in the field from different disciplines, with various backgrounds and expertises. This book will appeal to researchers as well as students from different disciplines. The content includes industrial applications and will fill the gap between the research works in laboratory to practical applications in related industries.

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Nanocomposites

Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Nanocomposites
Science and Fundamentals

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Michael R. Kessler

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-04-06
  • Pages : 736
  • ISBN : 1119224462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook of Composites From Renewable Materials comprises a set of 8 individual volumes that brings an interdisciplinary perspective to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between the synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications and performance of these advanced materials. The handbook covers a multitude of natural polymers/ reinforcement/ fillers and biodegradable materials. Together, the 8 volumes total at least 5000 pages and offers a unique publication. This 7th volume Handbook is solely focused on Nanocomposites: Science and Fundamentals. Some of the important topics include but not limited to: preparation, characterization and applications of nano materials from renewable resources; hydrogels and its nanocomposites from renewable resources: preparation of chitin-based nanocomposite materials through gelation with ionic liquid; starch based bionanocomposites; biorenewable nanofiber and nanocrystal; investigation of wear characteristics of dental composite reinforced with rice husk derived nanosilica filler particles; performance of regenerated cellulose/vermiculite nanocomposites fabricated via ionic liquid; preparation, structure, properties and interactions of the PVA/cellulose composites; green composites with cellulose nano-reinforcements; biomass composites from bamboo-based micro/nano fibers; synthesis and medicinal properties of polycarbonates and resins from renewable sources; nanostructured polymer composites with modified carbon nanotubes; organic-inorganic nanocomposites derived from polysaccharides; natural polymer based nanocomposites; cellulose whisker based green polymer composites; poly (lactic acid) nanocomposites reinforced with different additives; nanocrystalline cellulose; halloysite based bionanocomposites; nanostructurated composites based on biodegradable polymers and silver nanoparticles; starch-based biomaterials and nanocomposites; green nanocomposites based on PLA and natural organic fillers; chitin and chitosan based nanocomposites.

Green Biopolymers and their Nanocomposites

Green Biopolymers and their Nanocomposites
A Book

by Dhorali Gnanasekaran

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-07-06
  • Pages : 437
  • ISBN : 9811380635
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book comprises a collection of chapters on green biopolymer nanocomposites. The book discusses the preparation, properties, and applications of different types of biodegradable polymers. An overview of recent advances in the fabrication of biopolymers nanocomposites from a variety of sources, including organic and inorganic nanomaterials, is presented. The book highlights the importance and impact of eco-friendly green nanocomposites, both environmentally and economically. The contents of this book will prove useful for students, researchers, and professionals working in the field of nanocomposites and green technology.

Applied Mechanics, Materials and Manufacturing IV

Applied Mechanics, Materials and Manufacturing IV
A Book

by Hua Wu Liu,Shin-ichi Kuroda,Lai Jiu Zheng

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2014-10-08
  • Pages : 1760
  • ISBN : 3038266728
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 4th International Conference on Applied Mechanics, Materials and Manufacturing (ICA3M 2014, ICAMMM2014), August 23-24, 2014, Shenzhen, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 336 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Nanomaterials Science and Technology; Chapter 2: Metals and Alloys; Chapter 3: Optical and Magnetic Materials, Semiconductors and Technology; Chapter 4: Composite Materials and Applications; Chapter 5: Chemical Materials and Technologies for Chemical Engineering; Chapter 6: Building Materials and Construction Technology; Chapter 7: Technologies of Material Processing; Chapter 8: Applied and Computational Mechanics in Designing and Research; Chapter 9: Industrial Equipment and Technology; Chapter 10: Mechanical Structural Strength, Reliability and Risk Analysis and Assessment; Chapter 11: Vibration, Sound, Noise Analysis and Control; Chapter 12: Measurement Technology, Instruments and Sensors, Monitoring, Detection Technologies and Methodologies; Chapter 13: Mechatronics, Industrial Robots, Automation and Control Technologies; Chapter 14: Electronics, Circuit Technology and Electrics; Chapter 15: Computer Applications and Mathematical Modeling, Intelligent Algorithms and Optimization; Chapter 16: Industrial Engineering, Production Management, Operations, Quality and Control; Chapter 17: New Technologies in Engineering Education

Handbook Of Green Materials: Processing Technologies, Properties And Applications (In 4 Volumes)

Handbook Of Green Materials: Processing Technologies, Properties And Applications (In 4 Volumes)
A Book

by Oksman Kristiina,Mathew Aji P,Bismarck Alexander

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2014-04-11
  • Pages : 1124
  • ISBN : 9814566470
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green materials and green nanotechnology have gained widespread interest over the last 15 years; first in academia, then in related industries in the last few years.The Handbook of Green Materials serves as reference literature for undergraduates and graduates studying materials science and engineering, composite materials, chemical engineering, bioengineering and materials physics; and for researchers, professional engineers and consultants from polymer or forest industries who encounter biobased nanomaterials, bionanocomposites, self- and direct-assembled nanostructures and green composite materials in their lines of work.This four-volume set contains material ranging from basic, background information on the fields discussed, to reports on the latest research and industrial activities, and finally the works by contributing authors who are prominent experts of the subjects they address in this set.The four volumes comprise of:The first volume explains the structure of cellulose; different sources of raw material; the isolation/separation processes of nanomaterials from different material sources; and properties and characteristics of cellulose nanofibers and nanocrystals (starch nanomaterials). Information on the different characterization methods and the most important properties of biobased nanomaterials are also covered. The industrial point of view regarding both the processability and access of these nanomaterials, as well as large scale manufacturing and their industrial application is discussed — particularly in relation to the case of the paper industry.The second volume expounds on different bionanocomposites based on cellulose nanofibers or nanocrystals and their preparation/manufacturing processes. It also provides information on different characterization methods and the most important properties of bionanocomposites, as well as techniques of modeling the mechanical properties of nanocomposites. This volume presents the industrial point of view regarding large scale manufacturing and their applications from the perspective of their medical uses in printed electronics and in adhesives.The third volume deals with the ability of bionanomaterials to self-assemble in either liquids or forming organized solid materials. The chemistry of cellulose nanomaterials and chemical modifications as well as different assembling techniques and used characterization methods, and the most important properties which can be achieved by self-assembly, are described. The chapters, for example, discuss subjects such as ultra-light biobased aerogels based on cellulose and chitin, thin films suitable as barrier layers, self-sensing nanomaterials, and membranes for water purification.The fourth volume reviews green composite materials — including green raw materials — such as biobased carbon fibers, regenerated cellulose fibers and thermoplastic and thermoset polymers (e.g. PLA, bio-based polyolefines, polysaccharide polymers, natural rubber, bio-based polyurethane, lignin polymer, and furfurylalchohol). The most important composite processing technologies are described, including: prepregs of green composites, compounding, liquid composite molding, foaming, and compression molding. Industrial applications, especially for green transportation and the electronics industry, are also described.This four-volume set is a must-have for anyone keen to acquire knowledge on novel bionanomaterials — including structure-property correlations, isolation and purification processes of nanofibers and nanocrystals, their important characteristics, processing technologies, industrial up-scaling and suitable industry applications. The handbook is a useful reference not only for teaching activities but also for researchers who are working in this field.

Surface Properties of Non-conventional Cellulose Fibres

Surface Properties of Non-conventional Cellulose Fibres
A Book

by Majda Sfiligoj Smole,Silvo Hribernik,Manja Kurečič,Andreja Urbanek Krajnc,Tatjana Kreže,Karin Stana Kleinschek

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-03-08
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN : 3030104079
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The authors describe how sustainable textile fibers from crops such as quinoa, grass, hops, corn and wheat stems, etc. have recently begun to generate great interest. The structure-property relationships of such non-conventional cellulose fibers are studied in this brief, as are their sorption and surface properties which are of primary importance. A systematic review of each fiber's properties is given, the emphasis is placed on the water sorption capacity, the fiber's surface potential, and fibrillation properties.

Biopolymers for Biomedical and Biotechnological Applications

Biopolymers for Biomedical and Biotechnological Applications
A Book

by Bernd H. A. Rehm,M. Fata Moradali

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-01-26
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 3527345302
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides insight into biopolymers, their physicochemical properties, and their biomedical and biotechnological applications This comprehensive book is a one-stop reference for the production, modifications, and assessment of biopolymers. It highlights the technical and methodological advancements in introducing biopolymers, their study, and promoted applications. "Biopolymers for Biomedical and Biotechnological Applications" begins with a general overview of biopolymers, properties, and biocompatibility. It then provides in-depth information in three dedicated sections: Biopolymers through Bioengineering and Biotechnology Venues; Polymeric Biomaterials with Wide Applications; and Biopolymers for Specific Applications. Chapters cover: advances in biocompatibility; advanced microbial polysaccharides; microbial cell factories for biomanufacturing of polysaccharides; exploitation of exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria; and the new biopolymer for biomedical application called nanocellulose. Advances in mucin biopolymer research are presented, along with those in the synthesis of fibrous proteins and their applications. The book looks at microbial polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), as well as natural and synthetic biopolymers in drug delivery and tissue engineering. It finishes with a chapter on the current state and applications of, and future trends in, biopolymers in regenerative medicine. * Offers a complete and thorough treatment of biopolymers from synthesis strategies and physiochemical properties to applications in industrial and medical biotechnology * Discusses the most attracted biopolymers with wide and specific applications * Takes a systematic approach to the field which allows readers to grasp and implement strategies for biomedical and biotechnological applications "Biopolymers for Biomedical and Biotechnological Applications" appeals to biotechnologists, bioengineers, and polymer chemists, as well as to those working in the biotechnological industry and institutes.

Poly(lactic acid) Science and Technology

Poly(lactic acid) Science and Technology
Processing, Properties, Additives and Applications

by Alfonso Jiménez,Mercedes Peltzer,Roxana Ruseckaite

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2014-11-13
  • Pages : 353
  • ISBN : 1849738793
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biodegradable polymers from renewable resources are sought after for many purposes, from packaging materials in food to biomedical applications. Poly (lactic acid) (PLA) is a well-known biopolymer derived from corn starch or sugar cane used in different food packaging and artificial bones and scaffolds. Poly(lactic acid) Science and Technology first introduces the basic concepts of PLA and then covers PLA synthesis and polymerization, processing, characterization and physical properties of PLA, PLA-based nano-biocomposites, the main applications in active packaging and as biomaterials for tissue engineering, degradation and biodegradation of PLA and finally industrial and legislative issues. This interdisciplinary approach provides readers with a general overview of all relevant aspects related to PLA including fundamental issues, innovative applications, new types of processing and emerging applications, modification of PLA, life cycle assessment, bio-additives, bio/degradation and sustainability and international regulations. Experts provide a complete resource and whole perspective on PLA covering scientific, ecological, social and economic issues. The book will appeal to chemists, food technologists and materials engineers as well as researchers interested in bio-based and biodegradable polymers and composites.

Multi-functional Materials and Structures

Multi-functional Materials and Structures
A Book

by Alan Kin Tak Lau,J. Lu,Vijay K. Varadan,Fu-Kuo Chang,J.P. Tu,Pou Man Lam

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2008-06-12
  • Pages : 1612
  • ISBN : 3038132179
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). Smart Materials are materials that can respond to environmental stimuli by exhibiting particular changes in some of their properties. Depending upon the change in some external condition, a smart materials can change its own characteristics (mechanical, electrical, appearance), structure, composition and/or response. These materials are usually embedded into systems whose inherent properties change favourably in order to meet performance needs.

Advanced Textile Materials

Advanced Textile Materials
A Book

by Xiao Ming Qian,Hua Wu Liu

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2011-09-02
  • Pages : 2288
  • ISBN : 303813645X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS) This book, comprising internationally peer-reviewed papers, covers the subject areas of natural fibers, chemical fibers, fiber manufacturing technology, principles of textile design, structure, properties and processing of textile materials, measurement technology and instrumentation, non-woven materials, structure, properties and processing of non-woven materials, coloration technology, finishing technology, pollution control and treatment of dyeing and finishing, materials and their applications, materials processing technologies and other related topics. The volume will be of interest to anyone working in these fields.

Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition

Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-01-09
  • Pages : 6580
  • ISBN : 1464963290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Chemistry and General Chemical Research. The editors have built Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Chemistry and General Chemical Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Chemistry and General Chemical Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.