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Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites

Synthetic Polymer-Polymer Composites
A Book

by Debes Bhattacharyya,Stoyko Fakirov

  • Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
  • Release : 2012-08-02
  • Pages : 798
  • ISBN : 1569905258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides another approach for the replacement of glass- and other inorganic fibers as reinforcement for polymer composites. The materials utilized include synthetic, petroleum-based polymesr but prepared here they come in the form of fibers, micro- or nanofibrils. Although this approach does not have the advantages of natural fibers being biodegradable and thus environmentally harmless. At the same time, synthetic polymer-polymer composites seem to be much more acceptable from an environmental point of view than glass fiber reinforced composites because tof their organic in nature. In addition to their environmental advantages, as compared to the polymer composites with mineral reinforcement with high loading rates, they are distinguished by much better specific mechanical properties. This property allows to manufacture light-weight products and constructions, a fact of particular importance in transportation vehicles and aircrafts. An international team of researchers, working in this area, collected the state-of-the-art results and demonstrate the application of synthetic, but organic materials in the form of carbon fibers, carbon nanotubes,or fibers or micro- and nanofibrils as replacements for mineral reinforcements.

History of Polymeric Composites

History of Polymeric Composites
A Book

by Raymond Benedict Seymour,Rudolph D. Deanin

  • Publisher : VSP
  • Release : 1987-12
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN : 9789067640824
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The commercial use of polymers in plastics, elastomers, coatings and adhesives almost always involves the use of additives to enhance their properties. Thousands of years natural polymers have been blended with naturally occurring fillers, fibers and many other substances. In this century, the development of synthetic polymers has led to the development of high performance polymer composites. This volume is the only text describing origin and use of additives and their function in polymeric composites. A panel of outstanding specialists in the field of additives have placed this in a historic perspective. Apart from this, up-to-date information on all fillers, reinforcing agents, stabilizers, plasticizers, flame retardants, accelerators, etc. can be found in the volume.

Wood-Polymer Composites

Wood-Polymer Composites
A Book

by K O Niska,M. Sain

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-05-29
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1845694570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wood-polymer composites (WPC) are materials in which wood is impregnated with monomers that are then polymerised in the wood to tailor the material for special applications. The resulting properties of these materials, from lightness and enhanced mechanical properties to greater sustainability, has meant a growing number of applications in such areas as building, construction and automotive engineering. This important book reviews the manufacture of wood-polymer composites, how their properties can be assessed and improved and their range of uses. After an introductory chapter, the book reviews key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials, manufacturing technologies and interactions between wood and synthetic polymers. Building on this foundation, the following group of chapters discusses mechanical and other properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance. The book concludes by looking at orientated wood-polymer composites, wood-polymer composite foams, at ways of assessing performance and at the range of current and future applications. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Wood-polymer composites is a valuable reference for all those using and studying these important materials. Provides a comprehensive survey of major new developments in wood-polymer composites Reviews the key aspects of manufacture, including raw materials and manufacturing technologies Discusses properties such as durability, creep behaviour and processing performance

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites

Thermo-Mechanical Properties of Polymer Composites
A Book

by Dr. Inamuddin,Anish Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
  • Release : 2019-08-07
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 303573271X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume contains papers describing the results of some research in the area of application diffusion and transport phenomena in polymer composite materials and substances for the industrial and engineering goals. We hope that the presented papers will be interesting and useful for many engineers and researchers.

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials
Properties and Characterisation

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Asokan Pappu

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-03
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0081007884
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Properties and Characterisation presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their properties and characterization. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry

Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Structure and Chemistry
A Book

by Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur,Raju Kumar Gupta

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2017-06-03
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 0081007922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hybrid Polymer Composite Materials: Volume 1: Structure and Chemistry presents the latest on these composite materials that can best be described as materials that are comprised of synthetic polymers and biological/inorganic/organic derived constituents. The combination of unique properties that emerge as a consequence of the particular arrangement and interactions between the different constituents provides immense opportunities for advanced material technologies. This series of four volumes brings an interdisciplinary effort to accomplish a more detailed understanding of the interplay between synthesis, structure, characterization, processing, applications, and performance of these advanced materials, with this volume focusing on their structure and chemistry. Provides a clear understanding of the present state-of-the-art and the growing utility of hybrid polymer composite materials Includes contributions from world renowned experts and discusses the combination of different kinds of materials procured from diverse resources Discusses their synthesis, chemistry, processing, fundamental properties, and applications Provides insights on the potential of hybrid polymer composite materials for advanced applications

Natural Polymers

Natural Polymers
A Book

by Maya J. John,Sabu Thomas

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN : 1849734038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites
A Book

by Raju Francis,D. Sakthi Kumar

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-12-19
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 3527338365
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers

Polymers, Polymer Blends, Polymer Composites and Filled Polymers
Synthesis, Properties and Applications

by Abdulakh K. Mikitaev,Mukhamed Kh Ligidov,Gennadiĭ Efremovich Zaikov

  • Publisher : Nova Publishers
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN : 9781600211683
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers are substances containing a large number of structural units joined by the same type of linkage. These substances often form into a chain-like structure. Starch, cellulose, and rubber all possess polymeric properties. Today, the polymer industry has grown to be larger than the aluminium, copper and steel industries combined. Polymers already have a range of applications that far exceeds that of any other class of material available to man. Current applications extend from adhesives, coatings, foams, and packaging materials to textile and industrial fibres, elastomers, and structural plastics. Polymers are also used for most composites, electronic devices, biomedical devices, optical devices, and precursors for many newly developed high-tech ceramics. This book presents leading-edge research in this rapidly-changing and evolving field.

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites

Polymer Composites, Macro- and Microcomposites
A Book

by Sabu Thomas,Kuruvilla Joseph,S. K. Malhotra,Koichi Goda,M. S. Sreekala

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-03-27
  • Pages : 814
  • ISBN : 3527645225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first systematic reference on the topic with an emphasis on the characteristics and dimension of the reinforcement. This first of three volumes, authored by leading researchers in the field from academia, government, industry, as well as private research institutions around the globe, focuses on macro and micro composites. Clearly divided into three sections, the first offers an introduction to polymer composites, discussing the state of the art, new challenges, and opportunities of various polymer composite systems, as well as preparation and manufacturing techniques. The second part looks at macro systems, with an emphasis on fiber reinforced polymer composites, textile composites, and polymer hybrid composites. Likewise, the final section deals with micro systems, including micro particle reinforced polymer composites, the synthesis, surface modification and characterization of micro particulate fillers and flakes as well as filled polymer micro composites, plus applications and the recovery, recycling and life cycle analysis of synthetic polymeric composites.

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites

Lignocellulosic Polymer Composites
Processing, Characterization, and Properties

by Vijay Kumar Thakur

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-10-30
  • Pages : 584
  • ISBN : 1118773985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book presents emerging economic and environmentally friendly lignocellulosic polymer composites materials that are free from side effects studied in the traditional synthetic materials. This book brings together panels of highly-accomplished leading experts in the field of lignocellulosic polymers & composites from academia, government, as well as research institutions across the globe and encompasses basic studies including preparation, characterization, properties and theory of polymers along with applications addressing new emerging topics of novel issues. Provide basic information and clear understanding of the present state and the growing utility of lignocellulosic materials from different natural resources Includes contributions from world-renowned experts on lignocellulosic polymer composites and discusses the combination of different kinds of lignocellulosic materials from natural resources Discusses the fundamental properties and applications of lignocellulosic polymers in comparison to traditional synthetic materials Explores various processing/ mechanical/ physic-chemical aspects of lignocellulosic polymer composites

Green Composites

Green Composites
Polymer Composites and the Environment

by Caroline Baillie

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2005-03-08
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9780849325762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With an internationally recognized team of contributors, Green Composites examines fibre reinforced polymer composite production and explains how environmental footprints can be diminished at every stage of the life cycle. The introductory chapters examine why green composites should be considered. The book then discusses properties of cellulose and wood. It examines recyclable synthetic fibre-thermoplastic composites as alternatives, then covers polymers derived from natural sources. The text details the factors that influence properties, and considers clean processing, applications, recycling, degradation, and reprocessing. The book is essential for government agricultural departments, automotive companies, and others devoted to eco-friendly materials and production.

Improvement of selected properties of Wood-Polymer Composites (WPC) – Silane modification of wood particles

Improvement of selected properties of Wood-Polymer Composites (WPC) – Silane modification of wood particles
A Book

by Timo Grüneberg

  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release : 2010-11-22
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 3736935617
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wood Polymer Composites are a new group of hybrid materials, which combine the advantages of synthetic polymers such as polyolefines and natural polymers such as wood; whereas the synthetic polymer is used as matrix material and the wood as reinforcement material or filler. As matrix material, principally every thermoplastic polymer with a processing temperature below 200°C can be used due to the temperature sensivity of wood. Wood Polymer Composites are processed typically with processing technologies from the plastic industry such as extrusion and injection molding. The present study was conducted to explore the possibility of wood particle modification with different types of silanes. It was the aim to contribute the silanes as compatibilizers or coupling agent and therefore improve the mechanical properties and the resistance against water. Norway spruce (Picea abies) as representative wood species was used in three different particle types. The size distribution for the wood particles ranges from 70-2500 µm. Four commercial available silanes with various functional groups (amino, di-amino, alkyl) were used as modification agents. The concentrations varied between 1.5%, 3.0%, 4.5% and 7.5%. As reference system commonly used maleated acid anhydride based coupling agents were used. The pre-treated wood particles were compounded via extrusion with polypropylene and samples were produced via injection and compression molding. The following properties were tested; tensile, bending, and impact strength, water uptake (cold and boiling water test), descent rate, weathering tests and durability test against basidiomycetes. SEM-EDX investigations proved the presence of silane either in the cell wall structure, or on the wood particle surface. Due to the structure and the functionality of the silanes it was expected that the silane treated wood particles are able to improve the mechanical properties. It was shown that the silanes had no significant effect as compatibilizer or coupling agent. The mechanical properties strongly increase with the usage of coupling agent. Both coupling agents were based on maleic acid anhydride grafted on a polymer backbone, whereas Type I reaches an optimum regarding the mechanical properties at 3%, the coupling agent Type II still improves the mechanical properties up to a ratio of 4.5% with no clear optimum. The silane pretreatment influences the improvement not significantly, compare to the improvement caused by the coupling agent. The used wood particles showed mechanical degradation during the compounding process. The biggest degradation was monitored for the wood particles of Lignocel® Type 9. Due to its fine structure it can be assumed that the Arbocel® C100 wood particles consist of only cell wall fragments of the wooden cell wall, which express a better resistance against mechanical destruction during the process. The Wood Polymer Composites showed a lower decay rate compared to solid wood. The moisture content within the Wood Polymer Composite samples ranges at the low optimum level for fungi attack and were not significantly improved by an accelerated wetting before the test. The core remains relatively dry. The main protection seems to come from the encapsulation by the polymer. The weathered Wood Polymer Composite samples showed a strong color change within a relatively short period of exposure. The color changed independently from the silane type or the silane ratio. Also an increase of cracks and gaps on the sample surface was observed compared to the unexposed sample and the pure polymer reference.

Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites

Electrically Conductive Polymers and Polymer Composites
From Synthesis to Biomedical Applications

by Anish Khan,Mohammad Jawaid,Aftab Aslam Parwaz Khan,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-04-09
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 3527342893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive and up-to-date overview of the latest research trends in conductive polymers and polymer hybrids, summarizing recent achievements. The book begins by introducing conductive polymer materials and their classification, while subsequent chapters discuss the various syntheses, resulting properties and up-scaling as well as the important applications in biomedical and biotechnological fields, including biosensors and biodevices. The whole is rounded off by a look at future technological advances. The result is a well-structured, essential reference for beginners as well as experienced researchers.

The Light Microscopy of Synthetic Polymers

The Light Microscopy of Synthetic Polymers
A Book

by Derek A. Hemsley

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 76
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Good,No Highlights,No Markup,all pages are intact, Slight Shelfwear,may have the corners slightly dented, may have slight color changes/slightly damaged spine.

Plastics Technology Handbook

Plastics Technology Handbook
A Book

by Manas Chanda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-07
  • Pages : 1012
  • ISBN : 1498786227
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Updated throughout to reflect advances over the last decade, the Fifth Edition continues the handbook’s tradition of authoritative coverage of fundamentals, production methods, properties, and applications of plastics and polymer-based materials. It covers tooling for plastics fabrication processes, thermoplastics, thermosetting plastics, foamed plastics, reinforced plastics, plastisols, and new developments in mold design. It also discusses rubber compounding and processing technologies. More recent developments in polymer fabrication and processing, including electrospinning, electrografted coating, polymer-metal hybrid joining, flex printing, and rapid prototyping/ 3D printing, are also presented. The handbook highlights advanced materials including natural and synthetic gfnanosize polymers, their unusual properties, and innovative applications, as well as polymer-carbon nanocomposites, graphene-based polymer nanocomposites, smart healable polymer composites, smart polymer coatings, electroactive polymers, polymer nanomaterials, and novel nano-/microfibrillar polymer composites. It offers updates on polymer solar battery development, plastics recycling and disposal methods, new concepts of "upcycling" and single-polymer composites, renewable synthetic polymers, biodegradable plastics and composites, and toxicity of plastics. The book also provides an overview of new developments in polymer applications in various fields including packaging, building and construction, corrosion prevention and control, automotive, aerospace applications, electrical and electronic applications, agriculture and horticulture, domestic appliances and business machines, medical and biomedical applications, marine and offshore applications, and sports.

Self-Healing Polymers and Polymer Composites

Self-Healing Polymers and Polymer Composites
A Book

by Ming Qiu Zhang,Min Zhi Rong

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-28
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9781118082584
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A state-of-art guide on the interdisciplinary aspects of design,chemistry, and physical properties of bio-inspired self-healingpolymers Inspired by the natural self-healing properties that exist inliving organisms—for example, the regenerative ability ofhumans to heal from cuts and broken bones—interest inself-healing materials is gaining more and more attention.Addressing the broad advances being made in this emerging science,Self-Healing Polymers and Polymer Composites incorporatesfundamentals, theory, design, fabrication, characterization, andapplication of self-healing polymers and polymer composites todescribe how to prepare self-healing polymeric materials, how toincrease the speed of crack repair below room temperature, and howto broaden the spectrum of healing agent species. Some of the information readers will discover in this bookinclude: Focus on engineering aspects and theoretical backgrounds ofsmart materials The systematic route for developing techniques and materials toadvance the research and applications of self-healing polymers Integration of existing techniques and introduction of novelsynthetic approaches and target-oriented materials design andfabrication Techniques for characterizing the healing process of polymersand applications of self-healing polymers and polymercomposites Practical aspects of self-healing technology in variousindustrial fields, such as electronics, automotive, construction,chemical production, and engineering With this book, readers will have a comprehensive understandingof this emerging field, while new researchers will understand theframework necessary for innovating new self-healing solutions.

Tribology of Polymer Composites

Tribology of Polymer Composites
Characterization, Properties, and Applications

by Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Suchart Siengchin,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Klaus Friedrich

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-09-22
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0128231734
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Tribology of Polymer Composites: Characterization, Properties, and Applications provides an exhaustive overview of the latest research, trends, applications and future directions of the tribology of polymer composites. Covering novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties, the book starts by reviewing the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials. From there, it features chapters looking at the tribological behavior and properties of specific polymer composite materials such as synthetic fiber-reinforced, cellulose fiber-reinforced, wood fiber, synthetic fiber, mineral fiber-reinforced, and thermosetting composites. Final chapters cover the tribology of polymer nanocomposites and particulate polymer composites and their metal coatings. Applied examples spanning a wide range of industries are emphasized in each chapter. Demonstrates the potential of polymer composites and their applications Covers novel methods for the synthesis of polymer composites and their properties Reviews the fabrication techniques, wear and frictional properties of polymer composite materials

Polymers and Polymer Composites in Construction

Polymers and Polymer Composites in Construction
A Book

by L. C. Hollaway,Leonard Hollaway

  • Publisher : Thomas Telford
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780727715210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.

Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and function

Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and function
A Book

by Severian Dumitriu,Valentin I. Popa

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-01
  • Pages : 920
  • ISBN : 142009470X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.