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Systems Factorial Technology

Systems Factorial Technology
A Theory Driven Methodology for the Identification of Perceptual and Cognitive Mechanisms

by Daniel Little,Nicholas Altieri,Mario Fific,Cheng-Ta Yang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-04-10
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 0128043865
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Systems Factorial Technology: A Theory Driven Methodology for the Identification of Perceptual and Cognitive Mechanisms explores the theoretical and methodological tools used to investigate fundamental questions central to basic psychological and perceptual processes. Such processes include detection, identification, classification, recognition, and decision-making. This book collects the tools that allow researchers to deal with the pervasive model mimicry problems which exist in standard experimental and theoretical paradigms and includes novel applications to not only basic psychological questions, but also clinical diagnosis and links to neuroscience. Researchers can use this book to begin using the methodology behind SFT and to get an overview of current uses and future directions. The collected developments and applications of SFT allow us to peer inside the human mind and provide strong constraints on psychological theory. Provides a thorough introduction to the diagnostic tools offered by SFT Includes a tutorial on applying the method to reaction time data from a variety of different situations Introduces novel advances for testing the significance of SFT results Incorporates new measures that allow for the relaxation of the high accuracy criterion Examines tools to expand the scope of SFT analyses Applies SFT to a spectrum of different cognitive domains across different sensory modalities

Systems Factorial Technology

Systems Factorial Technology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Application of Systems Factorial Technology and Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling to Chunking in Working Memory

Application of Systems Factorial Technology and Hierarchical Bayesian Modeling to Chunking in Working Memory
A Book

by Jonathan Thiele

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 105
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although there is substantial evidence supporting the existence of chunking in Working Memory, much of it is dependent on a small range of experimental methods, many of which rely on accuracy measures. Consequently, I feel there is a need to develop a new method for studying chunking. In this paper, I propose one such method, adapted from a perceptual research method known as Systems Factorial Technology, to determine whether a given pair of features is chunked or maintained as separate objects. In addition, I test this method on two pairs of stimuli through four experiments, testing whether the features are processed together or separately in both perception and memory. The current research finds no evidence for chunking in either feature pair considered.

Mathematical Models of Perception and Cognition Volume I

Mathematical Models of Perception and Cognition Volume I
A Festschrift for James T. Townsend

by Joseph W. Houpt,Leslie M. Blaha

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2016-05-20
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 1317297520
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this two volume festschrift, contributors explore the theoretical developments (Volume I) and applications (Volume II) in traditional cognitive psychology domains, and model other areas of human performance that benefit from rigorous mathematical approaches. It brings together former classmates, students and colleagues of Dr. James T. Townsend, a pioneering researcher in the field since the early 1960s, to provide a current overview of mathematical modeling in psychology. Townsend’s research critically emphasized a need for rigor in the practice of cognitive modeling, and for providing mathematical definition and structure to ill-defined psychological topics. The research captured demonstrates how the interplay of theory and application, bridged by rigorous mathematics, can move cognitive modeling forward.

Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Methodology

Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience, Methodology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-02-12
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 1119170141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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V. Methodology: E. J. Wagenmakers (Volume Editor) Topics covered include methods and models in categorization; cultural consensus theory; network models for clinical psychology; response time modeling; analyzing neural time series data; models and methods for reinforcement learning; convergent methods of memory research; theories for discriminating signal from noise; bayesian cognitive modeling; mathematical modeling in cognition and cognitive neuroscience; the stop-signal paradigm; hypothesis testing and statistical inference; model comparison in psychology; fmri; neural recordings; open science; neural networks and neurocomputational modeling; serial versus parallel processing; methods in psychophysics.

Understanding Human Decision Making with Automation Using Systems Factorial Technology

Understanding Human Decision Making with Automation Using Systems Factorial Technology
A Book

by Cara M. Kneeland

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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While many researchers have investigated the performance consequences of automated recommender systems, little research that has explored how these systems impact the de- cision making process. The purpose of this dissertation is to examine how people process information from an automated recommender system and raw information from the en- vironment using Systems Factorial Technology (SFT). Participants completed a speeded length judgment task with a reliable but imperfect aid. Experiment 1 focused on whether people process all the available information or are selective in their information search under certain circumstances (e.g., with performance incentives and with more experience with automation failures in training). Results indicate that participants likely use only one source of information, alternating between the automated aid and the environmental infor- mation. Additionally, performance incentives and less experience with automation failures can lead to slower but not necessarily more accurate performance with an automated aid. Experiment 2 focused on whether display design (e.g, proximity of information and density of information) can encourage serial or parallel processing of information. Unsurprisingly, the results indicate that integrating information on the display allows participants to process information more efficiently. Implications of this research not only sheds light on how peo- ple gather and process information with an automation aid but also how we might design systems to improve decision performance.

Issues in Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice: 2011 Edition

Issues in Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice: 2011 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-01-09
  • Pages : 977
  • ISBN : 1464964904
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice. The editors have built Issues in Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Psychology and Psychiatry Research and Practice: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Descriptive and Normative Approaches to Human Behavior

Descriptive and Normative Approaches to Human Behavior
A Book

by Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov,Lacey Perry

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9814368008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of the book is to present side-by-side representative and cutting-edge samples of work in mathematical psychology and the analytic philosophy with prominent use of mathematical formalisms.

The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology

The Oxford Handbook of Computational and Mathematical Psychology
A Book

by Jerome R. Busemeyer,Zheng Wang,James T. Townsend,Ami Eidels

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2015-03-20
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0199958009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Oxford Handbook offers a comprehensive and authoritative review of important developments in computational and mathematical psychology. With chapters written by leading scientists across a variety of subdisciplines, it examines the field's influence on related research areas such as cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, clinical psychology, and neuroscience. The Handbook emphasizes examples and applications of the latest research, and will appeal to readers possessing various levels of modeling experience. The Oxford Handbook of Computational and mathematical Psychology covers the key developments in elementary cognitive mechanisms (signal detection, information processing, reinforcement learning), basic cognitive skills (perceptual judgment, categorization, episodic memory), higher-level cognition (Bayesian cognition, decision making, semantic memory, shape perception), modeling tools (Bayesian estimation and other new model comparison methods), and emerging new directions in computation and mathematical psychology (neurocognitive modeling, applications to clinical psychology, quantum cognition). The Handbook would make an ideal graduate-level textbook for courses in computational and mathematical psychology. Readers ranging from advanced undergraduates to experienced faculty members and researchers in virtually any area of psychology--including cognitive science and related social and behavioral sciences such as consumer behavior and communication--will find the text useful.

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods
2nd Edition

by Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck,Anton Kuehberger,Joseph G. Johnson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-06-10
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 1351662759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods demonstrates how to better understand decision outcomes by studying decision processes, through the introduction of a number of exciting techniques. Decades of research have identified numerous idiosyncrasies in human decision behavior, but some of the most recent advances in the scientific study of decision making involve the development of sophisticated methods for understanding decision process—known as process tracing. In this volume, leading experts discuss the application of these methods and focus on the best practices for using some of the more popular techniques, discussing how to incorporate them into formal decision models. This edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated throughout, and now includes new chapters on mouse tracking, protocol analysis, neurocognitive methods, the measurement of valuation, as well as an overview of important software packages. The volume not only surveys cutting-edge research to illustrate the great variety in process tracing techniques, but also serves as a tutorial for how the novice researcher might implement these methods. A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods will be an essential read for all students and researchers of decision making.

Psychological Clinical Science

Psychological Clinical Science
Papers in Honor of Richard M. McFall

by Teresa A. Treat,Richard R. Bootzin,Timothy B. Baker

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2007-05-21
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1136679146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychological Clinical Science offers readers insightful appraisals of the most current theory and research in psychopathology and evidence-based intervention. It honors Richard McFall of Indiana University, a visionary psychological clinical scientist widely recognized for his unwavering advocacy for a science of clinical psychology and for

Mathematical Models of Perception and Cognition Volume II

Mathematical Models of Perception and Cognition Volume II
A Festschrift for James T. Townsend

by Joseph W. Houpt,Leslie M. Blaha

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-05-20
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 1317297490
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this two volume festschrift, contributors explore the theoretical developments (Volume I) and applications (Volume II) in traditional cognitive psychology domains, and model other areas of human performance that benefit from rigorous mathematical approaches. It brings together former classmates, students and colleagues of Dr. James T. Townsend, a pioneering researcher in the field since the early 1960s, to provide a current overview of mathematical modeling in psychology. Townsend’s research critically emphasized a need for rigor in the practice of cognitive modeling, and for providing mathematical definition and structure to ill-defined psychological topics. The research captured demonstrates how the interplay of theory and application, bridged by rigorous mathematics, can move cognitive modeling forward.

Modeling Individual Differences in Perceptual Decision Making

Modeling Individual Differences in Perceptual Decision Making

by Joseph W. Houpt,Cheng-Ta Yang,James T. Townsend

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2017-01-18
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889450562
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To deal with the abundant amount of information in the environment in order to achieve our goals, human beings adopt a strategy to accumulate some information and filter out other information to ultimately make decisions. Since the development of cognitive science in the 1960s, researchers have been interested in understanding how human beings process and accumulate information for decision-making. Researchers have conducted extensive behavioral studies and applied a wide range of modeling tools to study human behavior in simple-detection tasks and two-choice decision tasks (e.g., discrimination, classification). In general, researchers often assume that the manner in which information is processed for decision-making is invariant across individuals given a particular experimental context. Independent variables, including speed-accuracy instructions, stimulus properties (i.e., intensity), and characteristics of the participants (i.e., aging, cognitive ability) are assumed to affect the parameters in a model (i.e., speed of information accumulation, response bias) but not the way that participants process information (e.g., the order of information processing). Given these assumptions, much modeling has been accomplished based on the grouped data, rather than the individual data. However, a growing number of studies have demonstrated that there were individual differences in the perceptual decision process. In the same task context, different groups of the participants may process information in different manners. The capacity and architecture of the decision mechanism were found to vary across individuals, implying that humans’ decision strategies can vary depending on the context to maximize their performance. In this special issue, we focused on a particular subset of cognitive models, particularly accumulator models, multinomial processing trees and systems factorial technology (SFT) as applied to perceptual decision making. The motivation for the focus on perceptual decision-making is threefold. Empirical studies of perception have grown out of a history of making a large number of observations for each individual so as to achieve precise estimates of each individual’s performance. This type of data, rather than a small number of observations per individual, is most amenable to achieving precision in individual-level and group-level cognitive modeling. Second, the interaction between the acquisition of perceptual information and the decisions based on that information (to the extent that those processes are distinguishable) offers rich data for scientific exploration. Finally, there is an increasing interest in the practical application of individual variation in perceptual ability, whether to inform perceptual training and expertise, or to guide personnel decisions. Although these practical applications are beyond the scope of this issue, we hope that the research presented herein may serve as the foundation for future endeavors in that domain.

Robust Multimodal Cognitive Load Measurement

Robust Multimodal Cognitive Load Measurement
A Book

by Fang Chen,Jianlong Zhou,Yang Wang,Kun Yu,Syed Z. Arshad,Ahmad Khawaji,Dan Conway

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-06-14
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 3319317008
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores robust multimodal cognitive load measurement with physiological and behavioural modalities, which involve the eye, Galvanic Skin Response, speech, language, pen input, mouse movement and multimodality fusions. Factors including stress, trust, and environmental factors such as illumination are discussed regarding their implications for cognitive load measurement. Furthermore, dynamic workload adjustment and real-time cognitive load measurement with data streaming are presented in order to make cognitive load measurement accessible by more widespread applications and users. Finally, application examples are reviewed demonstrating the feasibility of multimodal cognitive load measurement in practical applications. This is the first book of its kind to systematically introduce various computational methods for automatic and real-time cognitive load measurement and by doing so moves the practical application of cognitive load measurement from the domain of the computer scientist and psychologist to more general end-users, ready for widespread implementation. Robust Multimodal Cognitive Load Measurement is intended for researchers and practitioners involved with cognitive load studies and communities within the computer, cognitive, and social sciences. The book will especially benefit researchers in areas like behaviour analysis, social analytics, human-computer interaction (HCI), intelligent information processing, and decision support systems.

Systems Factorial Technology Provides New Insights Into Decision Mechanisms Underlying Selective Attention Processes in Elite Volleyball Players

Systems Factorial Technology Provides New Insights Into Decision Mechanisms Underlying Selective Attention Processes in Elite Volleyball Players
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 72
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Application of the China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT Model (CMADS) in East Asia

Application of the China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT Model (CMADS) in East Asia
A Book

by Hao Wang,Xianyong Meng

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-07-23
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 3039212354
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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To promote scientific understanding of surface processes in East Asia, we have published details of the CMADS dataset in the journal, Water, and expect that users around the world will learn about CMADS datasets while promoting the development of hydrometeorological disciplines in East Asia. We hope and firmly believe that scientific development in East Asia and our understanding of this typical region will be further advanced.

Discovering Cognitive Architecture by Selectively Influencing Mental Processes

Discovering Cognitive Architecture by Selectively Influencing Mental Processes
A Book

by Richard Schweickert,Donald L. Fisher,Kyongje Sung

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN : 9814277452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the most successful methods for discovering the way mental processes are organized is to observe the effects in experiments of selectively influencing the processes. Selective influence is crucial in techniques such as Sternberg's additive factor method for reaction times and Jacoby's process dissociation procedure for accuracy. The successful uses of selective influence have encouraged application extensions to complex architectures, to dependent variables such as evoked potentials, and to complex interpretations. But the common themes have become lost in the details of separate uses and specialized terminology. The book gives an introductory and unified account of the many uses of the technique in cognitive psychology. Related models from operations research and human factors are covered. The applications include dual tasks, visual and memory search, timing, categorization, and recall. The book takes a self-contained approach starting with clear explanations of the elementary notions and a building to advanced techniques. The book is written with graduate students in mind, but has content of interest to all researchers in cognitive science and cognitive engineering.

Holistic and Analytic Processing in Identity and Expression Recognition of Faces

Holistic and Analytic Processing in Identity and Expression Recognition of Faces
A Systems Factorial Technology Approach

by 洪啟勝

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Augmented Cognition. Enhancing Cognition and Behavior in Complex Human Environments

Augmented Cognition. Enhancing Cognition and Behavior in Complex Human Environments
11th International Conference, AC 2017, Held as Part of HCI International 2017, Vancouver, BC, Canada, July 9-14, 2017, Proceedings, Part II

by Dylan D. Schmorrow,Cali M. Fidopiastis

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-06-28
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 3319586254
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume constitutes the proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Augmented Cognition, AC 2017, held as part of the International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction, HCII 2017, which took place in Vancouver, BC, Canada, in July 2017. HCII 2017 received a total of 4340 submissions, of which 1228 papers were accepted for publication after a careful reviewing process. The papers thoroughly cover the entire field of Human-Computer Interaction, addressing major advances in knowledge and effective use of computers in a variety of application areas. The two volumes set of AC 2017 presents 81 papers which are organized in the following topical sections: electroencephalography and brain activity measurement, eye tracking in augmented cognition, physiological measuring and bio-sensing, machine learning in augmented cognition, cognitive load and performance, adaptive learning systems, brain-computer interfaces, human cognition and behavior in complex tasks and environments.

Invariances in Human Information Processing

Invariances in Human Information Processing
A Book

by Thomas Lachmann,Tina Weis

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-02-28
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 1351690310
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Invariances in Human Information Processing examines and identifies processing universals and how they are implemented in elementary judgemental processes. This edited collection offers evidence that these universals can be extracted and identified from observing law-like principles in perception, cognition, and action. Addressing memory operations, development, and conceptual learning, this book considers basic and complex meso- and makro-stages of information processing. Chapter authors provide theoretical accounts of cognitive processing that may offer tools for identification of functional components in brain activity in cognitive neuroscience