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The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident

The 2011 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident
How and Why It Happened

by Yotaro Hatamura,Seiji Abe,Masao Fuchigami,Naoto Kasahara,Kenji Iino

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2014-11-28
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 0081001320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In March 2011 the Fukushima nuclear power plant (NPP) in Japan was hit by an earthquake and subsequent tsunami which resulted in the release of significant amounts of radioactive material. The incident led to the suspension of nuclear programmes by a number of countries. This book provides a definitive account of the accident. Outlines the main sequence of events of the 2011 Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, considers the responses of central and local government, and evaluates the response of the plant owner TEPCO. Describes and assesses the effectiveness of the evacuation process and subsequent decontamination of the site and local area. Offers recommendations for improving the safe design and operation of nuclear power plants and considers the future of the Fukushima plant and nuclear power generation in Japan.

The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident

The 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident
An Analysis from the Metre to the Nanometre Scale

by Peter George Martin

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-04-23
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 3030171914
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This PhD sought to determine the mechanisms for the reactor explosions by mapping, collecting and analysing samples from across the area of Japan that received radioactive fallout from the explosions. In doing this, the author conducted significant fieldwork in the restricted-access fallout zone using ground and novel UAV-based mapping of radiation to identify hot-spot areas for sample collecting but also using these tools to verify the efficacy of the clean-up operations ongoing in the prefecture. Such fieldwork was both technically pioneering for its use of UAVs (drones) but also selfless in terms of bravely entering a nuclear danger area to collect samples for the greater benefit of the scientific community.

The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Disaster and the Future of Renewable Energy

The Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Disaster and the Future of Renewable Energy
A Book

by Naoto Kan

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 2018-01-15
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 1501726943
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In a speech delivered in Japanese at Cornell University, Naoto Kan describes the harrowing days after a cataclysmic earthquake and tsunami led to the meltdown of three reactors at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. In vivid language, he tells how he struggled with the possibility that tens of millions of people would need to be evacuated. Cornell Global Perspectives is an imprint of Cornell University’s Mario Einaudi Center for International Studies. The works examine critical global challenges, often from an interdisciplinary perspective, and are intended for a non-specialist audience. The Distinguished Speaker series presents edited transcripts of talks delivered at Cornell, both in the original language and in translation.

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident (III)

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident (III)
After 7 Years

by Tomoko M. Nakanishi,Martin O`Brien,Keitaro Tanoi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-01
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9811332185
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This open access book presents the findings from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011. This third volume in the series reports on studies undertaken at contaminated sites such as farmland, forests, and marine and freshwater environments, with a particular focus on livestock, wild plants and mushrooms, crops, and marine products in those environments. It also provides additional data collected in the subsequent years to show how the radioactivity levels in agricultural products and their growing environments have changed with time and the route by which radioactive materials entered agricultural products as well as their movement between different components (e.g., soil, water, and trees) within an environmental system (e.g., forests). The book covers various topics, including radioactivity testing of food products; decontamination trials for rice and livestock production; the state of contamination in, trees, mushrooms, and timber; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in paddy fields and upland forests; damage incurred by the forestry and fishery industries; and the change in consumers’ attitudes. Chapter 19 introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging system, a pioneering technique to visualize the movement of cesium in soil and in plants. This is the only book to provide systematic data on the actual change of radioactivity, and as such is of great value to all researchers who wish to understand the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture. In addition, it helps the general public to better understand the issues of radio-contamination in the environment. The project is ongoing; the research groups from the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo continue their work in the field to further evaluate the long-term effects of the Fukushima accident.

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Disaster

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Disaster
Investigating the Myth and Reality

by The Independent Investigation on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2014-03-05
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 113468973X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When the Nuclear Safety Commission in Japan reviewed safety-design guidelines for nuclear plants in 1990, the regulatory agency explicitly ruled out the need to consider prolonged AC power loss. In other words, nothing like the catastrophe at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station was possible—no tsunami of 45 feet could swamp a nuclear power station and knock out its emergency systems. No blackout could last for days. No triple meltdown could occur. Nothing like this could ever happen. Until it did—over the course of a week in March 2011. In this volume and in gripping detail, the Independent Investigation Commission on the Fukushima Nuclear Accident, a civilian-led group, presents a thorough and powerful account of what happened within hours and days after this nuclear disaster, the second worst in history. It documents the findings of a working group of more than thirty people, including natural scientists and engineers, social scientists and researchers, business people, lawyers, and journalists, who researched this crisis involving multiple simultaneous dangers. They conducted over 300 investigative interviews to collect testimony from relevant individuals. The responsibility of this committee was to act as an external ombudsman, summarizing its conclusions in the form of an original report, published in Japanese in February 2012. This has now been substantially rewritten and revised for this English-language edition. The work reveals the truth behind the tragic saga of the multiple catastrophic accidents at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station.It serves as a valuable and essential historical reference, which will help to inform and guide future nuclear safety and policy in both Japan and internationally.

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident
Radioactivity Impact on the Environment

by Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2013-07-09
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0124114873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds

Impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on Fish and Fishing Grounds
A Book

by Kaoru Nakata,Hiroya Sugisaki

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-07-10
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 4431555374
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the results from the Japanese Fisheries Research Agency’s 3-year intensive monitoring of radionuclides in a variety of fish, plankton, benthos, and their living environments after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP) accident in March 2011. The book reveals the dynamics of contamination processes in marine and freshwater fish, mediated by the contamination of water, sediments, and food organisms; it also clarifies the mechanisms by which large variations in the level of contamination occurs among individual fish. Most importantly, the book includes a large amount of original measurement data collected in situ and for the first time assesses diffusion of radiocesium across the Pacific using both in situ data and a numerical simulation model. Also introduced are several new approaches to evaluate the impact of the release of radionuclides, including the measurement of radiation emission from an otolith section to identify the main period of contamination in fish. The FNPP accident represents a rare instance where the environmental radioactivity level was elevated steeply through atmospheric fallout and direct discharge of radioactive water into the sea over a short period of time. Replete with precise scientific data, this book will serve as an important resource for research in fields such as fishery science, oceanography, ecology, and environmentology, and also as a solid basis for protecting fisheries from damage resulting from harmful rumors among the general public.

Nuclear Disaster 2011

Nuclear Disaster 2011
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Plant, The Hidden Stories: Fukushima Disaster Deaths

by Guadalupe Shiers

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021-04-05
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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March 11, 2011, Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami sparked a humanitarian disaster in northeastern Japan and initiated a severe nuclear accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant. Three of the six reactors at the plant sustained severe core damage and released hydrogen and radioactive materials. The explosion of the released hydrogen damaged three reactor buildings and impeded onsite emergency response efforts. Despite further natural and manmade obstacles, the men and women at the plant succeeded in their efforts, gradually bringing the reactors under control, restoring power, and edging back, one inch at a time, from the very brink of disaster. This is their story, based on extensive interviews with the people who fought and won that battle, and especially with Masao Yoshida, the man who drove them all to get the job done. Here at last is the inside story of what they faced, what resources and information they had to work with, and why they made the decisions they did. Scroll up and buy.

The Fukushima 2011 Disaster

The Fukushima 2011 Disaster
A Book

by Ronald Eisler

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-12-15
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN : 1466577835
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On March 11, 2011, Japan experienced the largest earthquake in its history, causing massive loss of life and damage to property and infrastructure. This book discusses governmental and civilian responses to the emergency and summarizes and critically analyzes the natural events and human shortcomings responsible for the failure of the Fukushima reactors during the first year following the accident. It covers the plant’s safety history, the tsunami and earthquake, and the far-reaching implications of the events on the entire nuclear reactor industry.

The U.S. Government Response to the Nuclear Power Plant Incident in Japan

The U.S. Government Response to the Nuclear Power Plant Incident in Japan
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, April 6, 2011

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Energy and Commerce. Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 149
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident
The First Three Years

by Tomoko M. Nakanishi,Keitaro Tanoi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-02-25
  • Pages : 263
  • ISBN : 9784431558286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book reports the results from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident that occurred in March 2011. This is the second volume from the research groups formed in the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo who have published the initial data in their first volume. In this book, additional data collected in the subsequent years are presented to show how the radioactivity level in agricultural products and their growing environments have changed with time. The data clarify the route by which radioactive materials entered agricultural products and their movement among different components (e.g., soil, water, and trees) within an environmental system (e.g., forests). The book consists of various topics, including radioactivity inspection of food products; decontamination trials for rice and livestock production; the state of contamination in wild animals and birds, trees, mushrooms, and timber; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in mountain and paddy fields; damage incurred by the forestry and fishery industries; and the change in consumers’ minds. The last chapter introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging system, the forefront technique to visualize actual movement of cesium in soil and in plants. This is the only book to provide systematic data about the actual change of radioactivity, and thus is of great value for all researchers who wish to understand the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture. The project is ongoing; the research groups continue their work in the field for further evaluation of the long-term effects.

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident

The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident
Final Report of the AESJ Investigation Committee

by Atomic Energy Society of Japan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-16
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 4431551603
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Magnitude 9 Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, followed by a massive tsunami struck TEPCO’s Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station and triggered an unprecedented core melt/severe accident in Units 1 – 3. The radioactivity release led to the evacuation of local residents, many of whom still have not been able to return to their homes. As a group of nuclear experts, the Atomic Energy Society of Japan established the Investigation Committee on the Nuclear Accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, to investigate and analyze the accident from scientific and technical perspectives for clarifying the underlying and fundamental causes, and to make recommendations. The results of the investigation by the AESJ Investigation Committee has been compiled herewith as the Final Report. Direct contributing factors of the catastrophic nuclear incident at Fukushima Daiichi NPP initiated by an unprecedented massive earthquake/ tsunami – inadequacies in tsunami measures, severe accident management, emergency response, accident recovery and mitigations – and the underlying factors - organizational issues, etc., have been clarified and recommendations in the following areas have been made. - Nuclear safety fundamentals - Direct factors of the accident - Organizational aspects - Common items (R&D, International cooperation, human resources management) - Post-accident management/recovery from the accident.

In Response To Fukushima Nuclear Disaster

In Response To Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
The Importance Of Radiation Protection: Fukushima Radiation Disaster

by Kevin Awkward

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The radiation effects from the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster are the observed and predicted effects as a result of the release of radioactive isotopes from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant following the 2011 Tōhoku 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami. The reactor accident in Fukushima in 2011 resulted in the release of radioactive material (radionuclides) into the atmosphere. The radioactive fallout was dispersed locally, regionally, and globally over land and sea by the weather (wind and precipitation). After the accident in Fukushima, areas to the north-west of the reactor plant received high levels of contamination, particularly in the prefecture of Fukushima. Much has been written about the Fukushima disaster, this book has been published concerning radiation protection for workers. You will find: Emergency response Post-emergency response Decontamination and remediation Actions for the future Read this book now.

My Nuclear Nightmare

My Nuclear Nightmare
Leading Japan through the Fukushima Disaster to a Nuclear-Free Future

by Naoto Kan

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 2017-01-10
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 1501706667
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Naoto Kan, who was prime minister of Japan when the March 2011 Fukushima nuclear disaster began, has become a ubiquitous and compelling voice for the global antinuclear movement. Kan compared the potential worst-case devastation that could be caused by a nuclear power plant meltdown as tantamount only to ‘a great world war. Nothing else has the same impact.’ Japan escaped such a dire fate during the Fukushima disaster, said Kan, only ‘due to luck.’ Even so, Kan had to make some steely-nerved decisions that necessitated putting all emotion aside. In a now famous phone call from Tepco, when the company asked to pull all their personnel from the out-of-control Fukushima site for their own safety, Kan told them no. The workforce must stay. The few would need to make the sacrifice to save the many. Kan knew that abandoning the Fukushima Daiichi site would cause radiation levels in the surrounding environment to soar. His insistence that the Tepco workforce remain at Fukushima was perhaps one of the most unsung moments of heroism in the whole sorry saga."—The Ecologist On March 11, 2011, a massive undersea earthquake off Japan’s coast triggered devastating tsunami waves that in turn caused meltdowns at three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant. Ranked with Chernobyl as the worst nuclear disaster in history, Fukushima will have lasting consequences for generations. Until 3.11, Japan’s Prime Minister, Naoto Kan, had supported the use of nuclear power. His position would undergo a radical change, however, as Kan watched the nuclear disaster at the Fukushima No. 1 Power Plant unfold and came to understand the potential for the physical, economic, and political destruction of Japan. In My Nuclear Nightmare, Kan offers a fascinating day-by-day account of his actions in the harrowing week after the earthquake struck. He records the anguished decisions he had to make as the scale of destruction became clear and the threat of nuclear catastrophe loomed ever larger—decisions made on the basis of information that was often unreliable. For example, frustrated by the lack of clarity from the executives at Tepco, the company that owned the power plant, Kan decided to visit Fukushima himself, despite the risks, so he could talk to the plant’s manager and find out what was really happening on the ground. As he details, a combination of extremely good fortune and hard work just barely prevented a total meltdown of all of Fukushima’s reactor units, which would have necessitated the evacuation of the thirty million residents of the greater Tokyo metropolitan area. In the book, first published in Japan in 2012, Kan also explains his opposition to nuclear power: "I came to understand that a nuclear accident carried with it a risk so large that it could lead to the collapse of a country." When Kan was pressured by the opposition to step down as prime minister in August 2011, he agreed to do so only after legislation had been passed to encourage investments in alternative energy. As both a document of crisis management during an almost unimaginable disaster and a cogent argument about the dangers of nuclear power, My Nuclear Nightmare is essential reading.

An Illusion of Safety

An Illusion of Safety
Challenges of Nuclear Weapon Detonations for United Nations Humanitarian Coordination and Response

by John Borrie,Tim Caughley

  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • Release : 2014
  • Pages : 88
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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United Nations publications. - Sales no. GV.E.14.0.1.

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems

Low-Dose Radiation Effects on Animals and Ecosystems
A Book

by Manabu Fukumoto

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9811382182
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fukushima Nuclear Disaster

Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
A Book

by Mark Holt,Richard J. Campbell,Mary Beth Nikitin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 12
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The huge earthquake and tsunami that struck Japan's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power station on March 11, 2011, knocked out backup power systems that were needed to cool the reactors at the plant, causing three of them to undergo fuel melting, hydrogen explosions, and radioactive releases. Radioactive contamination from the Fukushima plant forced the evacuation of communities up to 25 miles away and affected up to 100,000 residents, although it did not cause any immediate deaths. Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) operates the Fukushima nuclear power complex in the Futaba district of Fukushima prefecture in Northern Japan, consisting of six nuclear units at the Fukushima Daiichi station and four nuclear units at the Fukushima Daini station. All the units at the Fukushima complex are boiling water reactors, with reactors 1 to 5 at the Fukushima Daiichi site being the General Electric Mark I design, which is also used in the United States. The Fukushima Daiichi reactors entered commercial operation in the years from 1971 (reactor 1) to 1979 (reactor 6). The Fukushima Daini reactors shut down automatically after the earthquake and were able to maintain sufficient cooling. When the earthquake struck, Fukushima Daiichi units 1, 2, and 3 were generating electricity and shut down automatically. The earthquake caused offsite power supplies to be lost, and backup diesel generators started up as designed to supply backup power. However, the subsequent tsunami flooded the electrical switchgear for the diesel generators, causing most AC power in units 1 to 4 to be lost. Because Unit 4 was undergoing a maintenance shutdown, all of its nuclear fuel had been removed and placed in the unit's spent fuel storage pool. One generator continued operating to cool units 5 and 6. The loss of all AC power in units 1 to 3 prevented valves and pumps from operating that were needed to remove heat and pressure that was being generated by the radioactive decay of the nuclear fuel in the reactor cores. As the fuel rods in the reactor cores overheated, they reacted with steam to produce large amounts of hydrogen, which escaped into the unit 1, 3, and 4 reactor buildings and exploded (the hydrogen that exploded in Unit 4 is believed to have come from Unit 3). The explosions interfered with efforts by plant workers to restore cooling and helped spread radioactivity. Cooling was also lost in the reactors' spent fuel pools, although recent analysis has found that no significant overheating took place. Radioactive material released into the atmosphere produced extremely high radiation dose rates near the plant and left large areas of land uninhabitable, especially to the northwest of the plant. Contaminated water from the plant was discharged into the sea, creating international controversy. The United States and other countries, as well as the International Atomic Energy Agency, are providing assistance to Japan to deal with the nuclear disaster. U.S. assistance has included transport of pumps, boron, fresh water, remote cameras, use of Global Hawk surveillance drones, evacuation support, medical support, and decontamination and radiation monitoring equipment. Studies of the Fukushima disaster have identified design changes, response actions, and other safety improvements that could have reduced or eliminated the amount of radioactivity released from the plant. As a result, Fukushima has prompted a reexamination of nuclear plant safety requirements around the world, including in the United States.

Nuclear Law Bulletin

Nuclear Law Bulletin
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Annual Report

Annual Report
A Book

by Sweden. Vattenfall

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Germany

Germany
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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