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The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes
A Book

by Francisco Pena-Pereira,Marek Tobiszewski

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2017-02-28
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN : 0128054433
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes features a logical progression of a wide range of topics and methods, beginning with an overview of green solvents, covering everything from water and organic solvents, to ionic liquids, switchable solvents, eutectic mixtures, supercritical fluids, gas-expanded solvents, and more. In addition, the book outlines green extraction techniques, such as green membrane extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, and surfactant-mediated extraction techniques. Green sampling and sample preparation techniques are then explored, followed by green analytical separations, including green gas and liquid capillary chromatography, counter current chromatography, supercritical fluid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, and other electrical separations. Applications of green chemistry techniques that are relevant for a broad range of scientific and technological areas are covered, including the benefits and challenges associated with their application. Provides insights into recent advances in greener extraction and separation processes Gives an understanding of alternatives to harmful solvents commonly used in extraction and separation processes, as well as advanced techniques for such processes Written by a multidisciplinary group of internationally recognized scientists

Green Solvents I

Green Solvents I
Properties and Applications in Chemistry

by Ali Mohammad,Inamuddin Dr.

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-03-13
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 9400717121
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The conventional solvents used in chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical and separation processes represent a great challenge to green chemistry because of their toxicity and flammability. Since the beginning of “the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry” in 1998, a general effort has been made to replace conventional solvents with environmentally benign substitutes. Water has been the most popular choice so far, followed by ionic liquids, surfactant, supercritical fluids, fluorous solvents, liquid polymers, bio-solvents and switchable solvent systems. Green Solvents Volume I and II provides a throughout overview of the different types of solvents and discusses their extensive applications in fields such as extraction, organic synthesis, biocatalytic processes, production of fine chemicals, removal of hydrogen sulphide, biochemical transformations, composite material, energy storage devices and polymers. These volumes are written by leading international experts and cover all possible aspects of green solvents’ properties and applications available in today’s literature. Green Solvents Volume I and II is an invaluable guide to scientists, R&D industrial specialists, researchers, upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Ph.D. scholars, college and university professors working in the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

Green Separation Processes

Green Separation Processes
Fundamentals and Applications

by Carlos A. M. Afonso,João Pedro G. Crespo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2006-05-12
  • Pages : 383
  • ISBN : 3527606815
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This timely book is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of this modern technology with the focus on the "green aspect". The expert authors present everything from reactions without solvents to nanostructures for separation methods, from combinatorial chemistry on solid phase to dendrimers. The result is a ready reference packed full of valuable facts on the latest developments in the field - high-quality information otherwise widely spread throughout articles and reviews. From the contents: * Green chemistry for sustainable development * New synthetic methodologies and the demand for adequate separation processes * New developments in separation processes * Future trends and needs It is a "must-have" for every researcher in the field.

New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species

New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species
A Book

by Mustafa Soylak,Erkan Yilmaz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128185708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species is designed to help researchers and students understand the production and application of new generation green solvents in separation- and preconcentration-based analytical methods. Beginning with the historical background and milestones in the development of analytical instrumentation, the book goes on to give a detailed overview of the most up-to-date uses of green solvents in sample preparation. Using a wealth of examples, it compares old and new extraction procedures and explores the many applications of new generation green solvents. Practical, easy-to-follow experiments are used to illustrate the key concepts. This practical guide helps to promote the use of safer, more sustainable solvents in analytical chemistry and beyond for environmental scientists, researchers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries, and students in analytical chemistry. Covers the basic analytical theory essential for understanding extraction- and microextraction-based separation and preconcentration methods Explains combination use of new generation solvents with various detection systems, including UV-VIS, ICP-MS, HPLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, and LC-MS/MS Emphasizes trace chemical component separation, preconcentration and analysis

Green Solvents II

Green Solvents II
Properties and Applications of Ionic Liquids

by Ali Mohammad,Dr. Inamuddin

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-03-18
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 9400728913
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The conventional solvents used in chemical, pharmaceutical, biomedical and separation processes represent a great challenge to green chemistry because of their toxicity and flammability. Since the beginning of “the 12 Principles of Green Chemistry” in 1998, a general effort has been made to replace conventional solvents with environmentally benign substitutes. Water has been the most popular choice so far, followed by ionic liquids, surfactant, supercritical fluids, fluorous solvents, liquid polymers, bio-solvents and switchable solvent systems. Green Solvents Volume I and II provides a throughout overview of the different types of solvents and discusses their extensive applications in fields such as extraction, organic synthesis, biocatalytic processes, production of fine chemicals, removal of hydrogen sulphide, biochemical transformations, composite material, energy storage devices and polymers. These volumes are written by leading international experts and cover all possible aspects of green solvents’ properties and applications available in today’s literature. Green Solvents Volume I and II is an invaluable guide to scientists, R&D industrial specialists, researchers, upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, Ph.D. scholars, college and university professors working in the field of chemistry and biochemistry.

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry

Alternative Solvents for Green Chemistry
A Book

by Francesca Kerton,Ray Marriott

  • Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
  • Release : 2015-11-09
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 1782626131
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Everyone is becoming more environmentally conscious and therefore, chemical processes are being developed with their environmental burden in mind. This also means that more traditional chemical methods are being replaced with new innovations and this includes new solvents. Solvents are everywhere, but how necessary are they? They are used in most areas including synthetic chemistry, analytical chemistry, pharmaceutical production and processing, the food and flavour industry and the materials and coatings sectors. However, the principles of green chemistry guide us to use less of them, or to use safer, more environmentally friendly solvents if they are essential. Therefore, we should always ask ourselves, do we really need a solvent? Green chemistry, as a relatively new sub-discipline, is a rapidly growing field of research. Alternative solvents - including supercritical fluids and room temperature ionic liquids - form a significant portion of research in green chemistry. This is in part due to the hazards of many conventional solvents (e.g. toxicity and flammability) and the significant contribution that solvents make to the waste generated in many chemical processes. Solvents are important in analytical chemistry, product purification, extraction and separation technologies, and also in the modification of materials. Therefore, in order to make chemistry more sustainable in these fields, a knowledge of alternative, greener solvents is important. This book, which is part of a green chemistry series, uses examples that tie in with the 12 principles of green chemistry e.g. atom efficient reactions in benign solvents and processing of renewable chemicals/materials in green solvents. Readers get an overview of the many different kinds of solvents, written in such a way to make the book appropriate to newcomers to the field and prepare them for the 'green choices' available. The book also removes some of the mystique associated with 'alternative solvent' choices and includes information on solvents in different fields of chemistry such as analytical and materials chemistry in addition to catalysis and synthesis. The latest research developments, not covered elsewhere, are included such as switchable solvents and biosolvents. Also, some important areas that are often overlooked are described such as naturally sourced solvents (including ethanol and ethyl lactate) and liquid polymers (including poly(ethyleneglycol) and poly(dimethylsiloxane)). As well as these additional alternative solvents being included, the book takes a more general approach to solvents, not just focusing on the use of solvents in synthetic chemistry. Applications of solvents in areas such as analysis are overviewed in addition to the more widely recognised uses of alternative solvents in organic synthesis. Unfortunately, as the book shows, there is no universal green solvent and readers must ascertain their best options based on prior chemistry, cost, environmental benefits and other factors. It is important to try and minimize the number of solvent changes in a chemical process and therefore, the importance of solvents in product purification, extraction and separation technologies are highlighted. The book is aimed at newcomers to the field whether research students beginning investigations towards their thesis or industrial researchers curious to find out if an alternative solvent would be suitable in their work.

Ionic Liquids in Separation Technology

Ionic Liquids in Separation Technology
A Book

by Antonia Perez De Los Rios,Francisco Jose Hernandez Fernandez

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-08-08
  • Pages : 378
  • ISBN : 044463262X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ionic Liquids in Separation Technology reports on the most important fundamental and technological advances in separation processes using ionic liquids. It brings together the latest developments in this fascinating field, supplements them with numerous practical tips, and thus provides those working in both research and industry with an indispensable source of information. The book covers fundamental topics of physical, thermal, and optical properties of ionic liquids, including green aspects. It then moves on to contexts and applications, including separation of proteins, reduction of environmental pollutants, separation of metal ions and organic compounds, use in electrochromic devices, and much more. For the specialist audience the book serves as a recompilation of the most important knowledge in this field, whereas for starting researchers in ionic liquid separation technology the book is a great introduction to the field. First book in the marketplace dedicated to ionic liquids in separation technology Contributions from scientists in academia and researchers in industry ensure the coverage of both scientific fundamentals and industrial applications Covers a broad collection of applications in separation technology which makes the book a single source of information Includes many practical tips for researchers in industry and scientists who apply ionic liquids in their work

New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species

New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species
A Book

by Mustafa Soylak,Erkan Yilmaz

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-04-07
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0128185708
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species is designed to help researchers and students understand the production and application of new generation green solvents in separation- and preconcentration-based analytical methods. Beginning with the historical background and milestones in the development of analytical instrumentation, the book goes on to give a detailed overview of the most up-to-date uses of green solvents in sample preparation. Using a wealth of examples, it compares old and new extraction procedures and explores the many applications of new generation green solvents. Practical, easy-to-follow experiments are used to illustrate the key concepts. This practical guide helps to promote the use of safer, more sustainable solvents in analytical chemistry and beyond for environmental scientists, researchers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries, and students in analytical chemistry. Covers the basic analytical theory essential for understanding extraction- and microextraction-based separation and preconcentration methods Explains combination use of new generation solvents with various detection systems, including UV-VIS, ICP-MS, HPLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, and LC-MS/MS Emphasizes trace chemical component separation, preconcentration and analysis

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Plant-Derived Green Solvents: Properties and Applications

by Dr. Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Abdullah M. Asiri

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-12-01
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 0128219009
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Plant-Derived Green Solvents: Properties and Applications provide a comprehensive review on the green solvents such as bio solvents, terpenes, neem, alkyl phenols, cyrene, limenone, and ethyl lactate, etc. which are derived from plant sources. Chapters discuss introduction, properties, and advantages to the practical use of plant-derived solvents. Plants-derived solvents are an excellent choice for real-world applications to reduce the environmental and health safety considerations. This book is the result of commitments by top researchers in the field of biosolvents from various backgrounds and fields of expertise. This book is a one-stop reference for plant solvents and overviews up-to-date accounts in the field of modern applications and the first book in this research community. Introduces properties and application of green solvents from plants Gives an in-depth accounts on plant-derived solvents for various applications Outlines the benefits and possibilities of plant-derived solvents vs conventional solvents Outlines eco-friendly green solvents synthesis, properties and applications Key references to obtain great results in plant-derived green solvents

Industrial Applications of Green Solvents

Industrial Applications of Green Solvents
Volume I

by Inamuddin

  • Publisher : Materials Research Forum LLC
  • Release : 2019-06-20
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 1644900238
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green chemistry aims at reducing pollution and avoiding hazardous waste in the environment, as well as in a number of industrial applications, including chemical, pharmaceutical, paint and leather industries. The book focuses on new applications of green solvents (water, ionic liquids, supercritical carbon dioxide, terpenes) in such areas as chemical synthesis (including lipase-catalyzed reactions, organic synthesis, esterification reactions), gas separation membranes, environment-friendly products, low energy requirement processes and alternatives to hazardous substances.

Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids

Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids
A Book

by Robin D. Rogers,Kenneth Richard Seddon,Sergei Volkov

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 553
  • ISBN : 9401001278
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book contains the lecture notes for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on th Green Industrial Applications of Ionic Liquids held April 12th_16 , 2000 in Heraklion, Crete, Greece. This was the fIrst international meeting devoted to research in the area of ionic liquids (salts with melting points below 100 0c), and was intended to explore the promise of ionic liquids as well as to set a research agenda for the fIeld. It was the fIrst international meeting dedicated to the study and application of ionic liquids as solvents, and forty-one scientists and engineers from academia, industry, and government research laboratories (as well as six industry observers and four student assistants) met to discuss the current and future status of the application of ionic liquids to new green industrial technologies. It was immediately clear that the number of organic chemists and engineers working in the fIeld needed to be increased. It was also clear that the declining interest in high temperature molten salts and subsequent increase in low melting ionic liquid solvents had not yet taken hold in Eastern Europe. Participants from NATO Partner Countries contributed signifIcant expertise in high temperature molten salts and were able to take back a new awareness and interest in ionic liquid solvents.

Green Solvents

Green Solvents
Ionic Liquids

by Paul T. Anastas,Peter Wasserscheid,Annegret Stark

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-09-30
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 3527325921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume covers everything readers need to know about green chemistry. It covers topics including green chemistry engineering, green catalysis (homogeneous, heterogeneous and biocatalysis) and separations techniques as well as solvents like supercritical fluids and ionic liquids.

Green Solvents for Chemistry

Green Solvents for Chemistry
Perspectives and Practice

by William M. Nelson

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2003-03-27
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0198035764
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The aim of this book is to introduce the use of green solvents throughout chemistry and to provide a comprehensive reference for solvents currently applicable in green chemistry. The first section covers solvents in chemical perspective, and the second section is a guide to green solvents. Overall, this volume defines characteristics of green solvents and their current usage, and explores their importance ecologically and economically. It includes a full range of commercial, industrial, and academic green solvents, and discusses solvents in specific commercial and non-commercial practices. Green Solvents for Chemistry differs from other works on solvents in that only solvents for green chemistry are included along with their chemical properties and toxicological issues.

Green Extraction of Natural Products

Green Extraction of Natural Products
Theory and Practice

by Farid Chemat,Jochen Strube

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-03-11
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 3527676813
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extraction processes are essential steps in numerous industrial applications from perfume over pharmaceutical to fine chemical industry. Nowadays, there are three key aspects in industrial extraction processes: economy and quality, as well as environmental considerations. This book presents a complete picture of current knowledge on green extraction in terms of innovative processes, original methods, alternative solvents and safe products, and provides the necessary theoretical background as well as industrial application examples and environmental impacts. Each chapter is written by experts in the field and the strong focus on green chemistry throughout the book makes this book a unique reference source. This book is intended to be a first step towards a future cooperation in a new extraction of natural products, built to improve both fundamental and green parameters of the techniques and to increase the amount of extracts obtained from renewable resources with a minimum consumption of energy and solvents, and the maximum safety for operators and the environment.

Separation Process Essentials

Separation Process Essentials
A Book

by Alan M. Lane

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-10-24
  • Pages : 362
  • ISBN : 135161813X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Separation Process Essentials provides an interactive approach for students to learn the main separation processes (distillation, absorption, stripping, and solvent extraction) using material and energy balances with equilibrium relationships, while referring readers to other more complete works when needed. Membrane separations are included as an example of non-equilibrium processes. This book reviews and builds on material learned in the first chemical engineering courses such as Material and Energy Balances and Thermodynamics as applied to separations. It relies heavily on example problems, including completely worked and explained problems followed by "Try This At Home" guided examples. Most examples have accompanying downloadable Excel spreadsheet simulations. The book also offers a complementary website, http://separationsbook.com, with supplementary material such as links to YouTube tutorials, practice problems, and the Excel simulations. This book is aimed at second and third year undergraduate students in Chemical engineering, as well as professionals in the field of Chemical engineering, and can be used for a one semester course in separation processes and unit operations.

Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes

Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes
Fundamentals and Applications in New Materials

by Manuel Aguilar,Jose Luis Cortina

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-04-07
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9781420014112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The applications of solvent extraction (SX) and liquid membranes (LM) span chemistry, metallurgy, hydrometallurgy, chemical/mineral processing, and waste treatment—making it difficult to find a single resource that encompasses fundamentals as well as advanced applications. Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes: Fundamentals and Applications in New Materials draws together a diverse group of internationally recognized experts to highlight key scientific and technological aspects of solvent extraction that are critical to future work in the field. The first chapters identify relevant thermodynamics, kinetics, and interfacial behavior principles and introduce methods for calculating extraction equilibria and kinetic parameters. The next chapters focus on engineering and technological aspects of various industrial processes and plant applications, including optimization and modeling tools and calculations. The final chapters examine new materials for metal extraction and separations, covering preparation and application processes for organic and inorganic sorbents, solid polymeric extractants, and solvent impregnated resins. Solvent Extraction and Liquid Membranes offers a comprehensive review of the most important principles, calculations, and procedures involved in this widely applicable separation technique. The book’s pedagogical approach will benefit students and researchers in the field as well as working scientists and engineers who wish to apply solvent extraction to their own applications.

Green Chemistry and Engineering

Green Chemistry and Engineering
A Book

by Mukesh Doble,Ken Rollins,Anil Kumar

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-07-27
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9780080524771
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemical processes provide a diverse array of valuable products and materials used in applications ranging from health care to transportation and food processing. Yet these same chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies, also generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions. Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in design. Due to extravagant costs needed to managing these wastes, tens of billions of dollars a year, there is a need to propose a way to create less waste. Emission and treatment standards continue to become more stringent, which causes these costs to continue to escalate. Green Chemistry and Engineering describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste. It explores the use of milder manufacturing conditions resulting from the use of smarter organic synthetic techniques and the maintenance of atom efficiency that can temper the effects of chemical processes. By implementing these techniques means less waste, which will save industry millions of dollars over time. Chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions, this new book describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste This book contains expert advise from scientists around the world, encompassing developments in the field since 2000 Aids manufacturers, scientists, managers, and engineers on how to implement ongoing changes in a vast developing field that is important to the environment and our lives

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design

Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry for Sustainable Drug Design
A Book

by Bimal K. Banik

  • Publisher : Advances in Green Chemistry
  • Release : 2020-04
  • Pages : 610
  • ISBN : 0128175923
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Extensive experimentation and high failure rates are a well-recognised downside to the drug discovery process, with the resultant high levels of inefficiency and waste producing a negative environmental impact. Sustainable and Green Approaches in Medicinal Chemistry reveals how medicinal and green chemistry can work together to directly address this issue. After providing essential context to the growth of green chemistry in relation to drug discovery in Part 1, the book goes on to identify a broad range of practical methods and synthesis techniques in Part 2. Part 3 reveals how medicinal chemistry techniques can be used to improve efficiency, mitigate failure and increase the environmental benignity of the entire drug discovery process, whilst Parts 4 and 5 discuss natural products and microwave-induced chemistry. Finally, the role of computers in drug discovery is explored in Part 6.

Green Sustainable Processes for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science

Green Sustainable Processes for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Supercritical Carbon Dioxide As Green Solvent

by Abdullah M. Asiri,Inamuddin,Arun M. Isloor

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-10
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 0128173882
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Green Sustainable Processes for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Green Solvent provides an in-depth review on the area of green processes for the industry, focusing on the separation, purification and extraction of medicinal, biological and bioactive compounds utilizing supercritical carbon dioxide as a green solvent and their applications in pharmaceuticals, polymers, leather, paper, water filtration, textiles and more. Chapters explore polymerization, polymer composite production, polymer blending, particle production, microcellular foaming, polymer processing using supercritical carbon dioxide, and a method for the production of micro- and nano-scale particles using supercritical carbon dioxide that focuses on the pharmaceutical industry. A brief introduction and limitations to the practical use of supercritical carbon dioxide as a reaction medium are also discussed, as are the applications of supercritical carbon dioxide in the semiconductor processing industry for wafer processing and its advantages and obstacles. Reviews available green solvents for extraction, separation, purification and synthesis Outlines environmentally friendly chemical processes in many applications, i.e., organic reactions, metal recovery, etc. Includes numerous, real industrial applications, such as polymers, pharmaceuticals, leather, paper, water filtration, textiles, food, oils and fats, and more Gives detailed accounts of the application of supercritical CO2 in polymer production and processing Provides a process for extraction, seperation and purification of compounds of biological medicinal importance Gives methods for nanoparticle production using supercritical carbon dioxide Provides a systematic discussion on the solubility of organic and organometallic compounds

Boron Separation Processes

Boron Separation Processes
A Book

by Nalan Kabay,Marek Bryjak,Nidal Hilal

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-01-19
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 0444634657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The impending crisis posed by water stress and poor sanitation represents one of greatest human challenges for the 21st century, and membrane technology has emerged as a serious contender to confront the crisis. Yet, whilst there are countless texts on wastewater treatment and on membrane technologies, none address the boron problem and separation processes for boron elimination. Boron Separation Processes fills this gap and provides a unique and single source that highlights the growing and competitive importance of these processes. For the first time, the reader is able to see in one reference work the state-of-the-art research in this rapidly growing field. The book focuses on four main areas: Effect of boron on humans and plants Separation of boron by ion exchange and adsorption processes Separation of boron by membrane processes Simulation and optimization studies for boron separation Provides in one source a state-of-the-art overview of this compelling area Reviews the environmental impact of boron before introducing emerging boron separation processes Includes simulation and optimization studies for boron separation processes Describes boron separation processes applicable to specific sources, such as seawater, geothermal water and wastewater