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The Black Prince of Florence

The Black Prince of Florence
The Spectacular Life and Treacherous World of Alessandro De' Medici

by Catherine Fletcher

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2016-09-01
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 019061272X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"Ruler of Florence for seven bloody years, 1531 to 1537, Alessandro de' Medici was arguably the first person of color to serve as a head of state in the Western world. Born out of wedlock to a dark-skinned maid and Lorenzo de' Medici, he was the last legitimate heir to the line of Lorenzo the Magnificent. When Alessandro's noble father died of syphilis, the family looked to him. Groomed for power, he carved a path through the backstabbing world of Italian politics in a time when cardinals, popes, and princes vied for wealth and advantage. By the age of nineteen, he was prince of Florence, inheritor of the legacy of the grandest dynasty of the Italian Renaissance. Alessandro faced down family rivalry and enormous resistance from Florence's oligarchs, who called him a womanizer-which he undoubtedly was--and a tyrant. Yet this real-life counterpart to Machiavelli's Prince kept his grip on power until he was assassinated at the age of 26 during a late-night tryst arranged by his scheming cousins. After his death, his brief but colorful reign was criticized by those who had murdered him in a failed attempt to restore the Florentine republic. For the first time, the true story is told in The Black Prince of Florence. Catherine Fletcher tells the riveting tale of Alessandro's unexpected rise and spectacular fall, unraveling centuries-old mysteries, exposing forgeries, and bringing to life the epic personalities of the Medicis, Borgias, and others as they waged sordid campaigns to rise to the top. Drawing on new research and first-hand sources, this biography of a most intriguing Renaissance figure combines archival scholarship with discussions of race and class that are still relevant today."--Provided by publisher.

The Beauty and the Terror

The Beauty and the Terror
An Alternative History of the Italian Renaissance

by Catherine Fletcher

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2020-03-05
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1473553156
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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*A THE TIMES BOOK OF THE YEAR 2020* 'Brilliant and gripping, here is the full true Renaissance in a history of compelling originality and freshness' Simon Sebag Montefiore The Italian Renaissance shaped Western culture - but it was far stranger and darker than many of us realise. We know the Mona Lisa for her smile, but not that she was married to a slave-trader. We revere Leonardo da Vinci for his art, but few now appreciate his ingenious designs for weaponry. We visit Florence to see Michelangelo's David, but hear nothing of the massacre that forced the republic's surrender. In fact, many of the Renaissance's most celebrated artists and thinkers emerged not during the celebrated 'rebirth' of the fifteenth century but amidst the death and destruction of the sixteenth century. The Beauty and the Terror is an enrapturing narrative which includes the forgotten women writers, Jewish merchants, mercenaries, prostitutes, farmers and citizens who lived the Renaissance every day. Brimming with life, it takes us closer than ever before to the reality of this astonishing era, and its meaning for today. 'Terrifying and fascinating' Sunday Times 'Enlightening...exactly the alternative history you might wish for' Daily Telegraph

The Medici: Portraits and Politics 1512–1570

The Medici: Portraits and Politics 1512–1570
A Book

by Keith Christiansen,Carlo Falciani,Andrea Bayer,Elizabeth Cropper,Davide Gasparotto,Sefy Hendler,Antonella Fenech Kroke,Tommaso Mozzati,Elizabeth Pilliod,Julia Siemon,Linda Wolk-Simon

  • Publisher : Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Release : 2021-04-19
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1588397300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Between 1512 and 1570, Florence underwent dramatic political transformations. As citizens jockeyed for prominence, portraits became an essential means not only of recording a likeness but also of conveying a sitter’s character, social position, and cultural ambitions. This fascinating book explores the ways that painters (including Jacopo Pontormo, Agnolo Bronzino, and Francesco Salviati), sculptors (such as Benvenuto Cellini), and artists in other media endowed their works with an erudite and self-consciously stylish character that made Florentine portraiture distinctive. The Medici family had ruled Florence without interruption between 1434 and 1494. Following their return to power in 1512, Cosimo I de’ Medici, who became the second Duke of Florence in 1537, demonstrated a particularly shrewd ability to wield culture as a political tool in order to transform Florence into a dynastic duchy and give Florentine art the central position it has held ever since. Featuring more than ninety remarkable paintings, sculptures, works on paper, and medals, this volume is written by a team of leading international authors and presents a sweeping, penetrating exploration of a crucial and vibrant period in Italian art.

Murder in Renaissance Italy

Murder in Renaissance Italy
A Book

by Trevor Dean,K. J. P. Lowe

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-06-30
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 1107136644
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This invaluable collection explores the many faces of murder, and its cultural presences, across the Italian peninsula between 1350 and 1650. These shape the content in different ways: the faces of homicide range from the ordinary to the sensational, from the professional to the accidental, from the domestic to the public; while the cultural presence of homicide is revealed through new studies of sculpture, paintings, and popular literature. Dealing with a range of murders, and informed by the latest criminological research on homicide, it brings together new research by an international team of specialists on a broad range of themes: different kinds of killers (by gender, occupation, and situation); different kinds of victim (by ethnicity, gender, and status); and different kinds of evidence (legal, judicial, literary, and pictorial). It will be an indispensable resource for students of Renaissance Italy, late medieval/early modern crime and violence, and homicide studies.

The Oxford Handbook of Freedom

The Oxford Handbook of Freedom
A Book

by David Schmidtz,Carmen Pavel

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-03
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 0199989427
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We speak of being 'free' to speak our minds, free to go to college, free to move about; we can be cancer-free, debt-free, worry-free, or free from doubt. The concept of freedom (and relatedly the notion of liberty) is ubiquitous but not everyone agrees what the term means, and the philosophical analysis of freedom that has grown over the last two decades has revealed it to be a complex notion whose meaning is dependent on the context. The Oxford Handbook of Freedom will crystallize this work and craft the first wide-ranging analysis of freedom in all its dimensions: legal, cultural, religious, economic, political, and psychological. This volume includes 28 new essays by well regarded philosophers, as well some historians and political theorists, in order to reflect the breadth of the topic. This handbook covers both current scholarship as well as historical trends, with an overall eye to how current ideas on freedom developed. The volume is divided into six sections: conceptual frames (framing the overall debates about freedom), historical frames (freedom in key historical periods, from the ancients onward), institutional frames (freedom and the law), cultural frames (mutual expectations on our 'right' to be free), economic frames (freedom and the market), and lastly psychological frames (free will in philosophy and psychology).

The Collector of Lives: Giorgio Vasari and the Invention of Art

The Collector of Lives: Giorgio Vasari and the Invention of Art
A Book

by Noah Charney,Ingrid Rowland

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2017-10-03
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0393248399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Readers curious about the making of Renaissance art, its cast of characters and political intrigue, will find much to relish in these pages.” —Wall Street Journal Giorgio Vasari (1511–1574) was a man of many talents—a sculptor, painter, architect, writer, and scholar—but he is best known for Lives of the Artists, which singlehandedly established the canon of Italian Renaissance art. Before Vasari’s extraordinary book, art was considered a technical skill, and artists were mere decorators and craftsmen. It was through Vasari’s visionary writings that Raphael, Leonardo, and Michelangelo came to be regarded as great masters of life as well as art, their creative genius celebrated as a divine gift. Lauded by Sarah Bakewell as “insightful, gripping, and thoroughly enjoyable,” The Collector of Lives reveals how one Renaissance scholar completely redefined how we look at art.

The Divorce of Henry VIII

The Divorce of Henry VIII
The Untold Story

by Catherine Fletcher

  • Publisher : Random House
  • Release : 2013-02-07
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 144815622X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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‘An eye-opening book, an intricate and fascinating story’ Hilary Mantel 1527. Henry, desperate to marry Anne Boleyn and ensure the Tudor line asks Pope Clement VII to grant him a divorce. Enter Gregorio Casali, an Italian diplomat hired to represent Henry’s interests in the Vatican. Through six years of persuasion, threats and bribery Casali lives by his wits, playing off one powerful patron against another, negotiating with ambassadors from Spain, France and beyond, each crowding the Vatican to press their interests in the Tudor break up. Before it is done, Henry will decide to divorce not just Catherine, but the Church itself. Set against the backdrop of war-torn Renaissance Italy, The Divorce of Henry VIII combines a gripping family saga with a highly charged political battle between the Tudors and the Vatican to reveal the extraordinary true story behind history’s most infamous divorce. (Originally published with the title Our Man in Rome)

Venice's Secret Service

Venice's Secret Service
Organizing Intelligence in the Renaissance

by Ioanna Iordanou

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2019-10-28
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN : 0192508830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Venice's Secret Service is the untold and arresting story of the world's earliest centrally-organised state intelligence service. Long before the inception of SIS and the CIA, in the period of the Renaissance, the Republic of Venice had masterminded a remarkable centrally-organised state intelligence organisation that played a pivotal role in the defence of the Venetian empire. Housed in the imposing Doge's Palace and under the direction of the Council of Ten, the notorious governmental committee that acted as Venice's spy chiefs, this 'proto-modern' organisation served prominent intelligence functions including operations (intelligence and covert action), analysis, cryptography and steganography, cryptanalysis, and even the development of lethal substances. Official informants and amateur spies were shipped across Europe, Anatolia, and Northern Africa, conducting Venice's stealthy intelligence operations. Revealing a plethora of secrets, their keepers, and their seekers, Venice's Secret Service explores the social and managerial processes that enabled their existence and that furnished the foundation for an extraordinary intelligence organisation created by one of the early modern world's most cosmopolitan states.

Real Lives in the Sixteenth Century

Real Lives in the Sixteenth Century
A Global Perspective

by Rebecca Ard Boone

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-04-19
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 1351135333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Real Lives in the Sixteenth Century presents a global history using four sets of biographies to illustrate similar situations in different geographical regions. The vibrant narratives span four continents and include the following pairs: Henry IV of France and Hideyoshi of Japan, Hürrem Sultan (Roxelana) of the Ottoman Empire and Lady Zheng of the Ming Dynasty, Afonso I of Kongo and Elizabeth I of England, and Pope Clement VII and Moctezuma II of Mexico. Through exploring the lives of eight individuals from a variety of cultural settings, this book encourages students to think about the ‘big questions’ surrounding human interactions and the dynamics of power. It introduces them to a number of key historical concepts such as feudalism, dynasticism, religious syncretism and slavery, and is a springboard into the history of the wider world, blending together aspects of political, cultural, intellectual and material history. Accessibly written and containing timelines, genealogical tables and a number of illustrations for each biography, Real Lives in the Sixteenth Century is the ideal introductory text for undergraduates of pre-modern World History and of the sixteenth century in particular.

The Dawning of the Apocalypse

The Dawning of the Apocalypse
The Roots of Slavery, White Supremacy, Settler Colonialism, and Capitalism in the Long Sixteenth Century

by Gerald Horne

  • Publisher : NYU Press
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1583678743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Acclaimed historian Gerald Horne troubles America's settler colonialism's "creation myth" August 2019 saw numerous commemorations of the year 1619, when what was said to be the first arrival of enslaved Africans occurred in North America. Yet in the 1520s, the Spanish, from their imperial perch in Santo Domingo, had already brought enslaved Africans to what was to become South Carolina. The enslaved people here quickly defected to local Indigenous populations, and compelled their captors to flee. Deploying such illuminating research, The Dawning of the Apocalypse is a riveting revision of the “creation myth” of settler colonialism and how the United States was formed. Here, Gerald Horne argues forcefully that, in order to understand the arrival of colonists from the British Isles in the early seventeenth century, one must first understand the “long sixteenth century”– from 1492 until the arrival of settlers in Virginia in 1607. During this prolonged century, Horne contends, “whiteness” morphed into “white supremacy,” and allowed England to co-opt not only religious minorities but also various nationalities throughout Europe, thus forging a muscular bloc that was needed to confront rambunctious Indigenes and Africans. In retelling the bloodthirsty story of the invasion of the Americas, Horne recounts how the fierce resistance by Africans and their Indigenous allies weakened Spain and enabled London to dispatch settlers to Virginia in 1607. These settlers laid the groundwork for the British Empire and its revolting spawn that became the United States of America.

Daily Life in Renaissance Italy, 2nd Edition

Daily Life in Renaissance Italy, 2nd Edition
A Book

by Elizabeth S. Cohen,Thomas V. Cohen

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2019-09-30
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 1440856931
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A clear, lively, and deeply informed survey of life in Renaissance Italy for students and general readers, this book presents a thoughtful cultural and social anthropology of practices, values, and negotiations. • Brings the Italian Renaissance to contemporary readers. • Demonstrates in-depth research in content that includes archival sources • Includes images to visually support the chapters and bring the text to life • Presents reader-friendly prose that is both clear and highly polished

Black Tudors

Black Tudors
The Untold Story

by Miranda Kaufmann

  • Publisher : Simon and Schuster
  • Release : 2017-10-05
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 1786071851
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shortlisted for the Wolfson History Prize 2018 A Book of the Year for the Evening Standard and the Observer A black porter publicly whips a white Englishman in the hall of a Gloucestershire manor house. A Moroccan woman is baptised in a London church. Henry VIII dispatches a Mauritanian diver to salvage lost treasures from the Mary Rose. From long-forgotten records emerge the remarkable stories of Africans who lived free in Tudor England… They were present at some of the defining moments of the age. They were christened, married and buried by the Church. They were paid wages like any other Tudors. The untold stories of the Black Tudors, dazzlingly brought to life by Kaufmann, will transform how we see this most intriguing period of history.

I Know What I Am

I Know What I Am
The True Story of Artemisia Gentileschi

by Gina Siciliano

  • Publisher : Fantagraphics Books
  • Release : 2019-09-11
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1683962117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 17th century Rome, where women are expected to be chaste and yet are viewed as prey by powerful men, the extraordinary painter Artemisia Gentileschi fends off constant sexual advances as she works to become one of the greatest painters of her generation. Frustrated by the hypocritical social mores of her day, Gentileschi releases her anguish through her paintings and, against all odds, becomes a groundbreaking artist. Meticulously rendered in ballpoint pen, this gripping graphic biography serves as an art history lesson and a coming-of-age story. Resonant in the #MeToo era, I Know What I Amhighlights a fierce artist who stood up to a shameful social status quo.

Women of the Vatican

Women of the Vatican
Female Power in a Male World

by Lynda Telford

  • Publisher : Amberley Publishing Limited
  • Release : 2020-02-15
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1445686244
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A revealing history of women who were a power behind the papal throne. Engaging, controversial and sometimes illuminating.

The Pope’s Greatest Adversary

The Pope’s Greatest Adversary
Girolamo Savonarola

by Samantha Morris

  • Publisher : Pen and Sword History
  • Release : 2021-11-30
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1526724456
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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On 24 May 1497 Girolamo Savonarola was led out to a scaffold in the middle of the Piazza della Signoria. Crowds gathered around and watched as he was publically humiliated before being hanged and burned. But what did this man do that warranted such a horrendous death? Born on 21 September 1458 in Ferrara, Girolamo Savonarola would join the Dominican order of friars and find his way to the city of Florence. Run by the Medici family, the city was used to opulence and fast living but when the unassuming Dominican showed up, the people were unaware that he was about to take their world by storm. Preaching before the people of Florence to an increasingly packed out Cathedral, Savonarola came to be called a prophet. And when Charles VIII invaded Italy with his French army, one of his so called prophecies came true. It was enough for the people to sit up and take note, allowing this man to become the defacto ruler of Florence. Except Girolamo Savonarola made one very fatal mistake – he made an enemy of Alexander VI, the Borgia Pope, by preaching against his corruption and attempting to overthrow him. It would prove to be his ultimate undoing – the Pope turned the Florentines who had so loved the friar against him and he ended his days hanging above a raging inferno.

City of Vengeance

City of Vengeance
A Book

by D. V. Bishop

  • Publisher : Pan Macmillan
  • Release : 2021-02-04
  • Pages : 401
  • ISBN : 1529038804
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'A first-class historical thriller . . . Bishop’s spirited and richly detailed story is a tour-de-force' DAVID BALDACCI 'Richly atmospheric . . . transports you to another time and place' AMBROSE PARRY, author of The Way of All Flesh City of Vengeance is an explosive debut historical thriller by D. V. Bishop, set in Renaissance Florence. Florence. Winter, 1536. A prominent Jewish moneylender is murdered in his home, a death with wide implications in a city powered by immense wealth. Cesare Aldo, a former soldier and now an officer of the Renaissance city’s most feared criminal court, is given four days to solve the murder: catch the killer before the feast of Epiphany – or suffer the consequences. During his investigations Aldo uncovers a plot to overthrow the volatile ruler of Florence, Alessandro de’ Medici. If the Duke falls, it will endanger the whole city. But a rival officer of the court is determined to expose details about Aldo’s private life that could lead to his ruin. Can Aldo stop the conspiracy before anyone else dies, or will his own secrets destroy him first?

Queenship and Counsel in Early Modern Europe

Queenship and Counsel in Early Modern Europe
A Book

by Helen Matheson-Pollock,Joanne Paul,Catherine Fletcher

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-16
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 331976974X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The discourse of political counsel in early modern Europe depended on the participation of men, as both counsellors and counselled. Women were often thought too irrational or imprudent to give or receive political advice—but they did in unprecedented numbers, as this volume shows. These essays trace the relationship between queenship and counsel through over three hundred years of history. Case studies span Europe, from Sweden and Poland-Lithuania via the Habsburg territories to England and France, and feature queens regnant, consort and regent, including Elizabeth I of England, Catherine Jagiellon of Sweden, Catherine de’ Medici and Anna of Denmark. They draw on a variety of innovative sources to recover evidence of queenly counsel, from treatises and letters to poetry, masques and architecture. For scholars of history, politics and literature in early modern Europe, this book enriches our understanding of royal women as political actors.

Sir John Tiptoft: 'Butcher of England'

Sir John Tiptoft: 'Butcher of England'
Earl of Worcester, Edward IV's Enforcer and Humanist Scholar

by Peter Spring

  • Publisher : Casemate Publishers
  • Release : 2018-04-30
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 147389011X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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John Tiptoft, Earl of Worcester, is arguably the most intriguing, controversial and possibly misunderstood figure of the Wars of the Roses period. Politically adept, he occupied a string of important offices, first under the Lancastrian Henry VI and then the Yorkist Edward IV.A man of action, he held commands on both and sea, in England, Ireland and Wales.As Constable of England he acted as Edwards enforcer and earned the sobriquet Butcher of England for his beheadings and impalements. Yet he was also an outstanding Renaissance scholar who studied at Oxford, Padua and Ferrara, a collector of books and patron. This, in conjunction with his political actions, makes him a proto-Machiavellian Prince.Peter Spring also looks beyond the Earls public life to glean insights into the man himself, concluding that the available information generally reveals an attractive personality. He presents a balanced reappraisal, seeing him, as did many contemporary Europeans and some fellow countrymen, as a man of great intellect and capability who did not shirk the hard tasks imposed by a merciless age.Worcesters execution for the application of Roman law, lampooned as the laws of Padua, demonstrated the danger of indentification with continental influences in an England increasingly defining itselfthrough common law, Parliament, and soon religionagainst Europe. The contemporary denigration of his character by little Englander chroniclers reflected a deepening antipathy towards the cosmopolitan a recurring trait in the English character perhaps re-emerging with Brexit.

Assassins’ Deeds

Assassins’ Deeds
A History of Assassination from Ancient Egypt to the Present Day

by John Withington

  • Publisher : Reaktion Books
  • Release : 2020-11-05
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 1789143527
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assassins have been killing the powerful and famous for at least three thousand years. Personal ambition, revenge, and anger have encouraged many to violent deeds, like the Turkish sultan who had nineteen of his brothers strangled or the bodyguards who murdered a dozen Roman emperors. More recently have come new motives like religious and political fanaticism, revolution and liberation, with governments also getting in on the act, while many victims seem to have been surprisingly careless: Abraham Lincoln was killed after letting his bodyguard go for a drink. So, do assassinations work? Drawing on anecdote, historical evidence, and statistical analysis, Assassins’ Deeds delves into some of history’s most notorious acts, unveiling an intriguing cast of characters, ingenious methods of killing, and many unintended consequences.

Coins and Currency

Coins and Currency
An Historical Encyclopedia, 2d ed.

by Mary Ellen Snodgrass

  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release : 2019-07-29
  • Pages : 406
  • ISBN : 1476677964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reviews from the first edition: “A fascinating account of people, places and terms…entries are well written…most entries have extensive see also references and a list of sources…recommended”—Booklist “Excellent access to persons, events, and topics…Snodgrass’s research is thorough…recommended”—Choice “Interesting”—ARBA Throughout history, money has developed as an integral part of human economy. During ancient times currency took varied forms, including beaver skins, bales of tobacco, and sea salt blocks. As art and technology advanced, monetary systems and currencies altered. Today, coins and currency provide an historical and archeological record of culture, religion, politics, and world leaders. This updated second edition offers numerous entries of historical commentary on the role of coins and currency in human events, politics, and the arts. It begins with the origin of coins in ancient Sumer, and follows advancements in metallurgy and minting machines to paper, plastic, and electronic moneys designed to ease trade and halt counterfeiting and other forms of theft. A timeline of monetary history is provided along with a glossary and bibliography. Numerous photographs of coins and bills provide an up-close look at beautiful and ingenious artifacts.