Download The Developing Microbiome Ebook PDF

The Developing Microbiome

The Developing Microbiome
Lessons from Early Life

by Erika Chiong Claud

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-23
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0128206179
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Developing Microbiome: Lessons from Early Life focuses on the establishment of the microbiome in early life, exposing it as a key mediator of diseases and health throughout the lifecycle. The content presents a comprehensive view of the status of the field and draws real-world correlations to health and disease states. It collates the significant research being done in the pediatric microbiome research space and bridges the knowledge gap showing the factors that impact health and disease states throughout the lifecycle. Finally, it offers knowledge on how the microbiome is and can be manipulated to promote change. This is a perfect reference for both researchers and clinical scientists who are interested in the role of the infant microbiome in health and disease, as well as gastroenterologists and pediatricians looking to affect change in their patients. Provides comprehensive coverage of the factors that influence microbiome development Links research in pediatric patients to later life stages Examines increasing evidence on the impact of the microbiome beyond the gut

The Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Microbiome in Health and Disease
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-05-29
  • Pages : 520
  • ISBN : 0128200014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Microbiome in Health and Disease, Volume 171 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, provides the most topical, informative and exciting monographs available on a wide variety of research topics. The series includes in-depth knowledge on the molecular biological aspects of organismal physiology, with this release including chapters on Microbiome in health and disease, CNS development and microbiome in infants, A gut feeling in ALS, Microbiome (Virome) and virus infection, Bugs and Drugs: microbiome in medicine metabolism, Immunity, T cells, and microbiome, Salmonella (Bacterial) infection and cancer: of mice and men, and many other highly researched topics. Provides a novel theme and multiple disciplinary topics of microbiome research in basic and translational studies Presents an updated collection on bacteria, virus, fungi and their interactions in microbiome Includes a timely discussion on the tools and methods used for modeling and analysis of microbiome data

Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood
A Book

by Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana

  • Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
  • Release : 2017-07-20
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 9086868398
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.

Skin Microbiome Handbook

Skin Microbiome Handbook
From Basic Research to Product Development

by Nava Dayan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-09-01
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 1119592232
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The idea to compile and edit the book is the result of over a decade of work by the editor, Dr. Nava Dayan, on various projects related to skin barrier, innate immunity, microbiome, developing products, testing methods and paths of products to the market, both for pharmaceutical and the cosmetic industries. The book is a summary of current status of knowledge, research tools and approaches in skin microbiome, in health and disease. It contains the following categories: healthy skin microbiome and oral-skin interaction, skin microbiome observational research, skin microbiome in disequilibrium and disease, skin’s innate immunity, testing and study design, regulatory and legal aspects for skin microbiome related products. The 18 chapters of the book are written by carefully selected leaders in the academia, industry exhibiting extensive experience and understanding in the areas of interest.

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life
A Book

by Josef Neu

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-01-18
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN : 0128206098
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

Metagenomics of the Human Body

Metagenomics of the Human Body
A Book

by Karen E. Nelson

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-11-16
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9781441970893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The book brings a completely different perspective than available books by combining the information gained from the human genome with that derived from parallel metagenomic studies, and new results from investigating the effects of these microbes on the host immune system. Although there are a number of books that focus on the human genome that are currently available, there are no books that bring to the forefront the mix of the human genome and the genomes and metagenomes of the microbial species that live within and on us.

Milk, Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome

Milk, Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome
Impact on the Neonate

by Pearay L. Ogra,W. Allan Walker,Bo Lönnerdal

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2020
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3318066850
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

"This publication covers the 94th Nestle Nutritional Institute Workshop, which was designed to provide a comprehensive overview on the latest human milk research and its role in modulating mucosal immunity, the microbiome, and its impact on the neonate. This publication should provide scientific support to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of human milk and its immunological properties, and enlarge the knowledge of those who specialize in human milk research"--

Patterns of Diversity in the Indigenous Microbiota of Marine Mammals

Patterns of Diversity in the Indigenous Microbiota of Marine Mammals
A Book

by Alexandra Devon Switzer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This thesis describes patterns of microbial diversity in the digestive tracts of a variety of marine mammal species to better understand how host-driven and external factors affect these indigenous bacterial communities. In chapter one, the distal gut microbiota from representatives of each extant taxonomic order of marine mammals was characterized and compared to that of terrestrial mammals. The goal was to parse out the influence of intrinsic and extrinsic variables that shape the mammalian microbiome structure, specifically the relative impact of host phylogeny versus life in the sea on the marine mammal distal gut microbiota. Results revealed that marine mammals, despite their divergent evolutionary history, harbor distal gut microbiota that bears similarity across taxonomic orders, presumably due to environmental filtering from their marine environment. However, signals of phylosymbiosis are also observed among this group, the strength of which appears to be host-lineage dependent. In chapter two, we explored a scenario in which knowledge of a microbial baseline could yield clinical value for a specific marine mammal species, the harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The assembly of the oral and distal gut microbiome of neonatal seal pups was characterized longitudinally as they aged at a rehabilitation center. Since some seals received prophylactic antibiotics, this was also an opportunity to determine the effect of antibiotic-treatment on the developing microbiome of these healthy growing seals. Results revealed a transient perturbation in the indigenous gut microbiota to which the seal pup host demonstrated resilience. This study has clinical implications for the prophylactic antibiotic protocol used in this age group. The aim of this thesis was to better characterize the marine mammal microbiome to improve the husbandry, therapeutic and preventative care of marine mammals in the future.

The Feel-Good Family Food Plan

The Feel-Good Family Food Plan
Everything you need to feed your family well, every day

by Joanna McMillan,Melissa Clark

  • Publisher : Allen & Unwin
  • Release : 2020-03-03
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1760873608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Packed with simple solutions, easy-to-follow advice and expert tips, The Feel-Good Family Food Plan does the thinking for you, so you get delicious home-cooked food on the table, even on the most hectic of work and school days. 60 weeknight dinners the whole family will love. 4 weeks of meal plans take the stress out of shopping and cooking. Great ideas for getting the kids involved in the kitchen. Plant-rich meals to encourage good eating habits for life. Ideas for fussy eaters and getting kids to love vegies. Quick healthy breakfasts, lunch boxes and snacks, for fuel on the run. Tips for savvy shopping, storing and freezing.

Microbiome-gut-brain axis

Microbiome-gut-brain axis
Implications on health

by R.Z. Sayyed,Mahejibin Khan

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2021-07-31
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9789811616259
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The book highlights the importance of prebiotics, probiotics and synbiotics in the signalling mechanism between gut microbiota and brain, also referred to as the gut-brain axis. A stable gut microbiota is essential for normal gut physiology and overall health, since it assists in proper signalling along the brain–gut axis. The book describes how the cross talks between gut microbiota and brain, not only regulate gastro-intestinal functions but also ensure proper functioning of cognitive behaviour and immunological functions. The various chapters describe probiotic microorganisms that colonize gastrointestinal tract and provide an array of health benefits to the host. It further elaborates about certain non-digestible oligosaccharides (prebiotics) are easily fermented by specialist microbes in the gut, to produce health-promoting metabolites and inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria. This book is useful for students, researchers and scientists in the field of microbiology, food science and nutrition. It is also meant for industry experts involved in developing nutraceuticals.

Gluten Exposed

Gluten Exposed
The Science Behind the Hype and How to Navigate to a Healthy, Symptom-Free Life

by Peter H.R. Green, M.D.,Rory Jones

  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release : 2016-05-24
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0062394290
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Gluten Exposed is the one book you should read if you are on a gluten-free diet or plan to go gluten-free. In this comprehensive guide, Dr. Peter H.R. Green, director of the Celiac Disease Center at Columbia University, and medical writer Rory Jones reveal the real scientific story behind gluten; examining the effects of gluten on your body and the many unintended consequences of removing it from your diet. This book is an essential resource for those with celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, or anyone considering a gluten-free diet. Green and Jones but through the misinformation and false claims about gluten to provide: An in-depth, easy-to-follow examination of symptoms and conditions associated with gluten, including celiac disease, gluten sensitivity, IBS, joint pain, brain fog, autism, diabetes, fatigue, itchy skin and fibromyalgia. An explanation of the pitfalls of the gluten-free diet and how to avoid them, not available in any other resource. A close look at the drugs, supplements, and other foods causing problems often blamed on gluten alone. A guide to the key nutrients critical for heart health, microbial diversity, and body strength that are often missing from a gluten-free diet. An understanding of how your gut talks to your brain, and how everything you ingest--both food and drugs--affects your overall mood and health. A road map for how to deal with the constant stress and social constraints of the gluten-free diet. Gluten Exposed is the definitive book on gluten and offers clear, welcome guidance that can help you make better decisions about your diet and achieve a healthier, symptom-free life.

The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture

The Plant Microbiome in Sustainable Agriculture
A Book

by Alok Kumar Srivastava,Prem Lal Kashyap,Madhumita Srivastava

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-11-12
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1119505445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Translational Microbiome for Sustainable Agriculture will invite global experts and distinguished investigators conducting phytomicrobiome research and develop a comprehensive reference book with up-to-date information regarding the microbiome studies and trends in the field of agricultural sustainability. It covers both terrestrial and crop associated microbiomes, unveiling biological, biotechnological and technical aspects of research. This book will be devoted to students and professionals interested in learning techniques for microbiome surveys, including culture-independent approaches, and to better understand the biology of microorganisms in nature and commercializing of microbiome derived new products, with major emphasis on sustainable agriculture under changing environment scenario. Using this information as a basis, a non-specialist reader should be able to understand more complex articles and to discuss selected topics with colleagues.

Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome: Genome databases - Mitochondrial genome: Evolution

Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome: Genome databases - Mitochondrial genome: Evolution
A Book

by David Neil Cooper

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 1023
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The recent completion of important phases of the Human Genome Project heralds a new era in biomedical research, ensuring that human genetics will remain at the forefront of the public, scientific and educational consciousness. 'The Nature Encyclopedia of the Human Genome' (Nature EHG) will be the first major reference resource devoted entirely to the scientific basis and ethical, philosophical and commercial ramifications of genome research. Nature EHG will contain 1,000 articles, specially written by the world's leading experts and structured in such a way that different subsets will be useful to students, teachers, academics, researchers, and other professionals. The articles will be extensively cross-referenced and indexed and will contain many tables and illustrations. Areas to be covered include structural genomics, functional genomics, evolution and comparative genomics, genome mapping and sequencing, chromosome structure and function, population and mathematical genetics, bioinformatics, proteomics, genes and disease, behavioural and psychiatric genetics and ethical, legal and social issues.

Microbiome Stimulants for Crops

Microbiome Stimulants for Crops
Mechanisms and Applications

by James White,Ajay Kumar,Samir Droby

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2021-04-17
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0128221607
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Microbiome Stimulants for Crops: Mechanisms and Applications provides the latest developments in the real-world development and application of these crop management alternatives in a cost-effective, yield protective way. Sections address questions of research, development and application, with insights into recent legislative efforts in Europe and the United States. The book includes valuable information regarding mechanisms and the practical information needed to support the growing microbial inoculant and biostimulant industry, thus helping focus scientific research in new directions. Provides methods for finding and testing endophytic and growth promotional microbes Explains the mechanisms of microbes and other biostimulant function in promoting plant growth Evaluates methods for treatments of plants with microbes and microbiome stimulants Identifies areas for new research

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
An Ecological and Community-Based Approach

by Mike Wilson

  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release : 2018-08-20
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9780815345855
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A human being is a symbiotic system that consists of a mammalian component interacting with a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the microbiota. The microbiota associated with humans is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependant on the particular body site it inhabits. This book describes the various communities inhabiting humans as well as their important roles in human health and disease. An ecological approach has been adopted throughout the book to explain why the microbial community at a particular body site has a particular composition when in balance with the host (eubiosis), and why certain factors can disrupt the balance and induce dysbiosis. The techniques used to determine microbial community composition are discussed and a chapter is devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian-microbe symbiosis. The Human Microbiome In Health And Disease is aimed at senior undergraduates and graduates whose courses include a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to professional scientists, clinicians, and others who are keen to know more about the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

Sustainable Agriculture

Sustainable Agriculture
Advances in Plant Metabolome and Microbiome

by Javid Ahmad Parray,Nowsheen Shameem

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-11-21
  • Pages : 342
  • ISBN : 0128173742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Sustainable Agriculture: Advances in Plant Metabolome and Microbiome focuses on the advancement of basic and applied research related to plant-microbe interaction and their implementation in progressive agricultural sustainability. The book also highlights the developing area of bioinformatics tools for the interpretation of metabolome, the integration of statistical and bioinformatics tools to manage huge generating data, metabolite profiling, and key signaling-driven substances, along with a section on the role of key biosynthetic pathways. Focused on selecting positive and effective interactive core-microbiome which will be adaptive and sustainable, this book will help researchers further improve the quality and productivity of crops through sustainable agriculture. Details the two-way interactive approach to both plants and microbes Describes setting up core and functional microbiomes Presents the relationship of metabolomics and biocontrol

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease

The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease
An Ecological and Community-based Approach

by Mike Wilson

  • Publisher : Garland Science
  • Release : 2018-09-03
  • Pages : 472
  • ISBN : 1351068342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A human being consists of a mammalian component and a multiplicity of microbes, collectively referred to as the "microbiota" or "microbiome," with which it has a symbiotic relationship. The microbiota is comprised of a variety of communities, the composition of each being dependent on the body site it inhabits. This community variation arises because the numerous locations on a human being provide very different environments, each of which favors the establishment of a distinct microbial community. Each community consists of bacteria, fungi and viruses with, in some cases, archaea and/or protozoa. It is increasingly being recognized that the indigenous microbiota plays an important role in maintaining the health of its human host. However, changes in the overall composition of a microbial community at a body site, or an increase in the proportion of a particular species in that community, can result in disease or other adverse consequences for the host. The Human Microbiota in Health and Disease: An Ecological and Community-Based Approach describes the nature of the various communities inhabiting humans as well as the important roles they play in human health and disease. It discusses techniques used to determine microbial community composition and features a chapter devoted to the many factors that underlie this mammalian–microbe symbiosis. Uniquely, the book adopts an ecological approach to examining the microbial community’s composition at a particular body site and why certain factors can shift a community from a eubiotic to a dysbiotic state. The book is for undergraduates and postgraduates on courses with a module on the indigenous microbiota of humans. It will also be useful to scientists, clinicians, and others seeking information on the human microbiota and its role in health and disease.

Unravelling the Soil Microbiome

Unravelling the Soil Microbiome
Perspectives For Environmental Sustainability

by Rama Kant Dubey,Vishal Tripathi,Ratna Prabha,Rajan Chaurasia,Dhananjaya Pratap Singh,Ch. Srinivasa Rao,Ali El-Keblawy,Purushothaman Chirakkuzhyil Abhilash

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-24
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 3030155161
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book explores the significance of soil microbial diversity to understand its utility in soil functions, ecosystem services, environmental sustainability, and achieving the sustainable development goals. With a focus on agriculture and environment, the book highlights the importance of the microbial world by providing state-of-the-art technologies for examining the structural and functional attributes of soil microbial diversity for applications in healthcare, industrial biotechnology, and bioremediation studies. In seven chapters, the book will act as a primer for students, environmental biotechnologists, microbial ecologists, plant scientists, and agricultural microbiologists. Chapter 1 introduces readers to the soil microbiome, and chapter 2 discusses the below ground microbial world. Chapter 3 addresses various methods for exploring microbial diversity, chapter 4 discusses the genomics methods, chapter 5 provides the metaproteomics and metatranscriptomics approaches and chapter 6 details the bioinformatics tools for soil microbial community analysis, and chapter 7 concludes the text with future perspectives on further soil microbial uses and applications.

The Brazilian Microbiome

The Brazilian Microbiome
Current Status and Perspectives

by Victor Pylro,Luiz Roesch

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-09-21
  • Pages : 123
  • ISBN : 3319599976
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Brazilian Microbiome: Current status and perspectives unites a set of distinguished investigators conducting microbiome research and builds a comprehensive reference book with up-to-date information regarding the Brazilian microbiome studies and trends. It covers terrestrial and host associated microbiomes, unveiling biological, biotechnological and technical aspects of research. This book is devoted to students and professionals interested in learning techniques for microbiome surveys, including culture-independent approaches, and to better understand the biology of microorganisms in nature, with emphasis on the Brazilian microbiomes.

Role of the Gut Microbiome in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Role of the Gut Microbiome in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Abstract : The incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) continues to increase with prevalence estimates ranging from 17%–33%, making it is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in North America. Its importance is due to not only its prevalence but also its association with increased cardiovascular morbidity and progression to cirrhosis in a subset of patients. NAFLD encompasses a pathologic spectrum of disease, from relatively benign accumulation of lipid (steatosis) to progressive nonalcoholic steatohepatitis associated with inflammation, fibrosis, and necrosis. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis remains an important phenotypic state because this subgroup of patients is deemed at high risk for developing cirrhosis and progressing to liver failure requiring transplantation or to death. Gut microbiota has recently been identified as regulators of energy homeostasis and fat deposition, thereby implicating them in the development of obesity and associated metabolic diseases. The growing evidence that alteration in gut microbiota (dysbiosis) may affect liver pathology may allow for a better understanding of its role in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, help to identify patients at risk of progression, and expose a microbial target for prevention and therapeutic intervention. In this review, we discuss the growing evidence that highlights the relationship between gut microbiota and its association with NAFLD.