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The Dream of Enlightenment

The Dream of Enlightenment
The Rise of Modern Philosophy

by Anthony Gottlieb

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017-08-08
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780141000664
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The author of the celebrated The Dream of Reason vividly explains the rise of modern thought from Descartes to Rousseau In a short period - from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution - Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark on Western thought. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity - and what is government actually for? Their questions remain our questions, and it is tempting to think these philosophers speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy. Gottlieb creates a sweeping account of what they amounted to, and why we are still in their debt.

The Dream of Reason: A History of Western Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance (New Edition)

The Dream of Reason: A History of Western Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance (New Edition)
A Book

by Anthony Gottlieb

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2016-08-30
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 0393354229
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"His book...supplant[s] all others, even the immensely successful History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell."—A. C. Grayling Already a classic, this landmark study of early Western thought now appears in a new edition with expanded coverage of the Middle Ages. This landmark study of Western thought takes a fresh look at the writings of the great thinkers of classic philosophy and questions many pieces of conventional wisdom. The book invites comparison with Bertrand Russell's monumental History of Western Philosophy, "but Gottlieb's book is less idiosyncratic and based on more recent scholarship" (Colin McGinn, Los Angeles Times). A New York Times Notable Book, a Los Angeles Times Best Book, and a Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2001.

The Dream of Reason: A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance

The Dream of Reason: A History of Philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance
A Book

by Anthony Gottlieb

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2010-10-25
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0393339637
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"His book...supplant[s] all others, even the immensely successful History of Western Philosophy by Bertrand Russell."—A. C. Grayling Already a classic in its first year of publication, this landmark study of Western thought takes a fresh look at the writings of the great thinkers of classic philosophy and questions many pieces of conventional wisdom. The book invites comparison with Bertrand Russell's monumental History of Western Philosophy, "but Gottlieb's book is less idiosyncratic and based on more recent scholarship" (Colin McGinn, Los Angeles Times). A New York Times Notable Book, a Los Angeles Times Best Book, and a Times Literary Supplement Best Book of 2001.

Dream of Reason

Dream of Reason
A Book

by Rosa Chacel

  • Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
  • Release : 2009-10
  • Pages : 656
  • ISBN : 0803214731
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A masterpiece of modernist fiction about one man’s search for meaning, Dream of Reason (La sinrazón) reveals Rosa Chacel as an intellectual and literary innovator whose work stands alongside that of Joyce, Proust, and Woolf. This meditative novel, grounded in the thinking of Spain’s great modern philosopher Ortega y Gasset, unfolds as the journal of a bourgeois chemist who makes his way in Buenos Aires just before and during the Spanish Civil War. Tracing his relationship with three women, Santiago Hernández explores the power of his own intentions and the limits of human reason. His introspective experiment, set against the background of world-altering events, documents the workings of a self-absorbed mind speculating on the inseparability of self and circumstance and is a brilliant enactment of how, from such tensions, narrative emerges.

The Great Philosophers: Socrates

The Great Philosophers: Socrates
A Book

by Anthony Gottlieb

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2011-09-14
  • Pages : 80
  • ISBN : 1780221681
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'If you put me to death,' Socrates warned his Athenian judges, 'you will not easily find anyone to take my place.' So indeed it would prove, a single cup of hemlock robbing the western philosophical tradition of the man with best claims to be its founding father. Yet Socrates' influence was not so easily to be done away with. His words lovingly recorded by his devoted disciple Plato, his doctrines reached a posterity which has, through twenty-seven centuries now, taken him as its teacher. The marriage of idealism and scepticism in his though; his sense of education as self-discovery; his view of philosophy as preparation for life: these have been the stuff of western thought at its best. So completely did Socrates embody these values, he was prepared to die in their defence...

The Dream of Reason

The Dream of Reason
American Consciousness and Cultural Achievement from Independence to the Civil War

by Clive Bush

  • Publisher : London : Edward Arnold
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 397
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Dreams of Reason

The Dreams of Reason
The Computer and the Rise of the Sciences of Complexity

by Heinz R. Pagels

  • Publisher : Bantam Dell Publishing Group
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780553347104
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the ability of computers to simulate complex systems, traces the rise of the science of complexity, and predicts the future influence of computers on business, science, telecommunications, and the military

The age of reason

The age of reason
A Book

by Thomas Paine

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1818
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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European Constitutionalism Beyond the State

European Constitutionalism Beyond the State
A Book

by J. H. H. Weiler,Marlene Wind

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-09-04
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 9780521796712
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Leading scholars of European constitutionalism highlight different facets of the constitutional discussion.

The Dream of Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Philosophy

The Dream of Enlightenment: The Rise of Modern Philosophy
A Book

by Anthony Gottlieb

  • Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
  • Release : 2016-08-30
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 163149208X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Anthony Gottlieb’s landmark The Dream of Reason and its sequel challenge Bertrand Russell’s classic as the definitive history of Western philosophy. Western philosophy is now two and a half millennia old, but much of it came in just two staccato bursts, each lasting only about 150 years. In his landmark survey of Western philosophy from the Greeks to the Renaissance, The Dream of Reason, Anthony Gottlieb documented the first burst, which came in the Athens of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. Now, in his sequel, The Dream of Enlightenment, Gottlieb expertly navigates a second great explosion of thought, taking us to northern Europe in the wake of its wars of religion and the rise of Galilean science. In a relatively short period—from the early 1640s to the eve of the French Revolution—Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Leibniz, and Hume all made their mark. The Dream of Enlightenment tells their story and that of the birth of modern philosophy. As Gottlieb explains, all these men were amateurs: none had much to do with any university. They tried to fathom the implications of the new science and of religious upheaval, which led them to question traditional teachings and attitudes. What does the advance of science entail for our understanding of ourselves and for our ideas of God? How should a government deal with religious diversity—and what, actually, is government for? Such questions remain our questions, which is why Descartes, Hobbes, and the others are still pondered today. Yet it is because we still want to hear them that we can easily get these philosophers wrong. It is tempting to think they speak our language and live in our world; but to understand them properly, we must step back into their shoes. Gottlieb puts readers in the minds of these frequently misinterpreted figures, elucidating the history of their times and the development of scientific ideas while engagingly explaining their arguments and assessing their legacy in lively prose. With chapters focusing on Descartes, Hobbes, Spinoza, Locke, Pierre Bayle, Leibniz, Hume, Rousseau, and Voltaire—and many walk-on parts—The Dream of Enlightenment creates a sweeping account of what the Enlightenment amounted to, and why we are still in its debt.

The dream of Arcadia and the sleep of reason

The dream of Arcadia and the sleep of reason
A Book

by Erik Fischer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Praise of Reason

In Praise of Reason
Why Rationality Matters for Democracy

by Michael P. Lynch

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2012-03-16
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 0262300346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A spirited defense of the relevance of reason for an era of popular skepticism over such matters as climate change, vaccines, and evolution. Why does reason matter, if (as many people seem to think) in the end everything comes down to blind faith or gut instinct? Why not just go with what you believe even if it contradicts the evidence? Why bother with rational explanation when name-calling, manipulation, and force are so much more effective in our current cultural and political landscape? Michael Lynch's In Praise of Reason offers a spirited defense of reason and rationality in an era of widespread skepticism—when, for example, people reject scientific evidence about such matters as evolution, climate change, and vaccines when it doesn't jibe with their beliefs and opinions. In recent years, skepticism about the practical value of reason has emerged even within the scientific academy. Many philosophers and psychologists claim that the reasons we give for our most deeply held views are often little more than rationalizations of our prior convictions. In Praise of Reason gives us a counterargument. Although skeptical questions about reason have a deep and interesting history, they can be answered. In particular, appeals to scientific principles of rationality are part of the essential common currency of any civil democratic society. The idea that everything is arbitrary—that reason has no more weight than blind faith—undermines a key principle of a civil society: that we owe our fellow citizens explanations for what we do. Reason matters—not just for the noble ideal of truth, but for the everyday world in which we live.

Deconstructing Reason

Deconstructing Reason
The Rational Dreams of Ren Descartes

by James Robert Quick

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Pub
  • Release : 2013-01-20
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN : 9781481292573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the 1641 publication of René Descartes' Meditationes de Prima Philosophiae, in its inexorable movement toward the exclusion of dreams, modern philosophy reaches a moment in the ultimate paragraph of the sixth Meditation where at last it is able to sleep at night, unhindered by the disruptions of the dream, certain it has exceeded the bounds of the preceding philosophical epoch. Should we choose to take Descartes at his word, modernity has arrived on the scene of philosophy in the guise of an awakening of philosophy's reason from a long slumber of uncertain dreams. If any event in the history of modern philosophy should continue to concern us today, as philosophy rewrites its relation to modernity under the influence of postmodernism, it is the moment in the Meditations on First Philosophy when Cartesian reason, in order to become Cartesian reason, both encounters and overcomes the dream, the moment when modern philosophy awakens. Here, we are witness to the singular event of philosophy's attempt to awaken itself as reason. At philosophy's inception within and as the discourse of modernity, it has finally succeeded in excluding the dream from the reasonable discourse of philosophy, thereafter confining the metaphysical and epistemological problems of philosophy to the enclosed terrain of Reason. As if awaking from a dream, philosophy enters the modern age . . . .

The Dream of Gaia

The Dream of Gaia
Poems of Eternity

by Ravindra Dhaual

  • Publisher : Dreamstairway Books
  • Release : 2010-06
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 1907091114
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Great dreams synthesize all the lesser dreams of the night, and bring new understanding. The attainment of spirituality culminates nature's night, and brings a new dawning of compassion and understanding. This book collects poetry on the theme of dreams.

The Dream of the Red Chamber

The Dream of the Red Chamber
An Allegory of Love

by Jeannie Jinsheng Yi

  • Publisher : Homa & Sekey Books
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN : 0966542177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Provides an analysis of the dreams found in Hong lou meng and their structural function in allegory.

Fin de Siècle Social Theory

Fin de Siècle Social Theory
Relativism, Reduction, and the Problem of Reason

by Jeffrey C. Alexander,Jeffrey Alexander

  • Publisher : Verso
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 231
  • ISBN : 9781859840917
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In four closely interwoven studies, Jeffrey Alexander identifies the central dilemma that provokes contemporary social theory and proposes a new way to resolve it. The dream of reason that marked the previous fin de siècle foundered in the face of the cataclysms of the twentieth century, when war, revolution, and totalitarianism came to be seen as themselves products of reason. In response there emerged the profound skepticism about rationality that has so starkly defined the present fin de siècle. From Wittgenstein through Rorty and postmodernism, relativism rejects the very possibility of universal standards, while for both positivism and neo-Marxists like Bourdieu, reductionism claims that ideas simply reflect their social base. In a readable and spirited argument, Alexander develops the alternative of a "neo-modernist" position that defends reason from within a culturally centered perspective while remaining committed to the goal of explaining, not merely interpreting, contemporary social life. On the basis of a sweeping reinterpretation of postwar society and its intellectuals, he suggests that both antimodernist radicalism and postmodernist resignation are now in decline; a more democratic, less ethnocentric and more historically contingent universalizing social theory may thus emerge. Developing in his first two studies a historical approach to the problem of "absent reason," Alexander moves via a critique of Richard Rorty to construct his case for "present reason." Finally, focusing on the work of Pierre Bourdieu, he provokes the most sustained critical reflection yet on this influential thinker. Fin de Siecle Social Theory is a tonic intervention in contemporary debates, showing how social and cultural theory can properly take the measure of the extraordinary times in which we live.

The Dark Side of Modernity

The Dark Side of Modernity
A Book

by Jeffrey C. Alexander

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-04-25
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 0745665063
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this book, one of the world’s leading social theorists presents a critical, alarmed, but also nuanced understanding of the post-traditional world we inhabit today. Jeffrey Alexander writes about modernity as historical time and social condition, but also as ideology and utopia. The idea of modernity embodies the Enlightenment’s noble hopes for progress and rationality, but its reality brings great suffering and exposes the destructive impulses that continue to motivate humankind. Alexander examines how twentieth-century theorists struggled to comprehend the Janus-faced character of modernity, which looks backward and forward at the same time. Weber linked the triumph of worldly asceticism to liberating autonomy but also ruthless domination, describing flights from rationalization as systemic and dangerous. Simmel pointed to the otherness haunting modernity, even as he normalized the stranger. Eisenstadt celebrated Axial Age transcendence, but acknowledged its increasing capacity for barbarity. Parsons heralded American community, but ignored modernity’s fragmentations. Rather than seeking to resolve modernity’s contradictions, Alexander argues that social theory should accept its Janus-faced character. It is a dangerous delusion to think that modernity can eliminate evil. Civil inclusion and anti-civil exclusion are intertwined. Alexander enumerates dangerous frictions endemic to modernity, but he also suggests new lines of social amelioration and emotional repair.

Awakening through Literature and Film

Awakening through Literature and Film
Into the Dancing Light

by Jae-seong Lee

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2021-04-16
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 1527568431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In order to deeply understand a work of literature or film, one requires the emotional and spiritual experience of the sublime aesthetic power, through which one may glimpse the ultimate reality, as well as the thematic approach. This book, mainly from the perspective of literary criticism of postmodern ethics and kongan (koan)/hwadu Ch’an, Seon, and Zen Buddhism, guides the reader to not simply follow the conventional thematic approach, but to catch nondual, spiritual feelings while appreciating a given work. Through a meditative state, the reading or watching of such work would ultimately be a way of questing for spiritual enlightenment.

The Bounds of Reason

The Bounds of Reason
Habermas, Lyotard and Melanie Klein on Rationality

by Emilia Steuerman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2003-05-20
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 1134596294
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Bounds of Reason: Habermas, Lyotard & Melanie Klein on Rationality is a highly original yet accessible study of the debate between modernity and postmodernity. Emilia Steuerman clearly explains the modernity/postmodernity dispute by examining the problem that has driven the whole debate: whether the use of reason is an emancipatory or enslaving force. Steuerman clearly sets out this debate by critically examining the arguments of two of its key proponents, Jurgen Habermas and Jean-François Lyotard. She clearly explains Habermas' defence of modernity and his attempt to salvage Enlightenment ideas of truth, justice, and freedom through the use of reason. She contrasts this with Lyotard's postmodernism and his scepticism about the use of reason, and its claims to universalism and objectivity. Throughout, Steuerman contrasts the Habermas-Lyotard debate with important insights from psychoanalytic theory, and shows how Habermas' notions of intersubjectivity and a community of shared language users can be compared and contrasted with Melanie Klein's theory of object relations.

Bureaucratic Fanatics

Bureaucratic Fanatics
Modern Literature and the Passions of Rationalization

by Benjamin Lewis Robinson

  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release : 2019-05-20
  • Pages : 284
  • ISBN : 3110606046
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Is justice only achievable by means of bureaucratization or might it first arrive with the end of bureaucracy? Bureaucratic Fanatics shows how this ever more contentious question in contemporary politics belongs to the political-theological underpinnings of bureaucratization itself. At the end of the 18th century, a new and paradoxical kind of fanaticism emerged - rational fanaticism - that propelled the intensive biopolitical management of everyday life in Europe and North America as well as the extensive colonial exploitation of the earth and its peoples. These excesses of bureaucratization incited in turn increasingly fanatical forms of resistance. And they inspired literary production that provocatively presented the outrageous contours of rationalization. Combining political theory with readings of Kleist, Melville, Conrad, and Kafka, this genealogy of bureaucratic fanaticism relates two extreme figures: fanatical bureaucrats driven to the ends of the earth and to the limits of humanity by the rationality of the apparatuses they serve; and peculiar fanatics who passionately, albeit seemingly passively, resist the encroachments of bureaucratization.