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The Earth's Ionosphere

The Earth's Ionosphere
Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics

by Michael Kelly

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0323148050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics emphasizes the study of plasma physics and electrodynamics of the ionosphere, including many aeronomical influences. The ionosphere is somewhat of a battleground between the earth's neutral atmosphere and the sun's fully ionized atmosphere, in which the earth is embedded. One of the challenges of ionosphere research is to know enough about these two vast fields of research to make sense out of ionospheric phenomena. This book provides insights into how these competing sources of mass, momentum, and energy compete for control of the ionosphere. Some of the topics discussed include the fundamentals of ionospheric plasma dynamics; equatorial plasma instabilities; high-latitude electrodynamics; and instabilities and structure in the high-latitude ionosphere. Throughout this text only the region above 90 km are discussed, ignoring the D region entirely. This publication is a good source of information for students and individuals conducting research on earth’s ionosphere.

The Earth's Ionosphere

The Earth's Ionosphere
Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics

by Michael C. Kelley

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-06-12
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9780080916576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics of the system. Fully updated to reflect advances in the field in the 20 years since the first edition published Explores the buffeting of the ionosphere from above by the sun and from below by the lower atmosphere Unique text appropriate both as a reference and for coursework

Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere
A Book

by Mangalathayil Ali Abdu,Dora Pancheva

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-02-26
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9789400703261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a multi-author treatise on the most outstanding research problems in the field of the aeronomy of the Earth’s atmosphere and ionosphere, encompassing the science covered by Division II of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA). It contains several review articles and detailed papers by leading scientists in the field. The book is organized in five parts: 1) Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Dynamics and Chemistry; 2) Vertical Coupling by Upward Propagating Waves; 3) Ionospheric Electrodynamics and Structuring; 4) Thermosphere- Ionosphere Coupling, Dynamics and Trends and 5) Ionosphere-Thermosphere Disturbances and Modeling. The book consolidates the progress achieved in the field in recent years and it serves as a useful reference for graduate students as well as experienced researchers.

The Dynamical Ionosphere

The Dynamical Ionosphere
A Systems Approach to Ionospheric Irregularity

by Massimo Materassi,Biagio Forte,Susan Skone,Anthea J. Coster

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-11
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9780128147825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Dynamical Ionosphere: A Systems Approach to Ionospheric Irregularity examines the Earth's ionosphere as a dynamical system with signatures of complexity. The system is robust in its overall configuration, with smooth space-time patterns of daily, seasonal and Solar Cycle variability, but shows a hierarchy of interactions among its sub-systems, yielding apparent unpredictability, space-time irregularity, and turbulence. This interplay leads to the need for constructing realistic models of the average ionosphere, incorporating the increasing knowledge and predictability of high variability components, and for addressing the difficulty of dealing with the worst cases of ionospheric disturbances, all of which are addressed in this interdisciplinary book. Borrowing tools and techniques from classical and stochastic dynamics, information theory, signal processing, fluid dynamics and turbulence science, The Dynamical Ionosphere presents the state-of-the-art in dealing with irregularity, forecasting ionospheric threats, and theoretical interpretation of various ionospheric configurations. Presents studies addressing Earth's ionosphere as a complex dynamical system, including irregularities and radio scintillation, ionospheric turbulence, nonlinear time series analysis, space-ionosphere connection, and space-time structures Utilizes interdisciplinary tools and techniques, such as those associated with stochastic dynamics, information theory, signal processing, fluid dynamics and turbulence science Offers new data-driven models for different ionospheric variability phenomena Provides a synoptic view of the state-of-the-art and most updated theoretical interpretation, results and data analysis tools of the "worst case" behavior in ionospheric configurations

The High-Latitude Ionosphere and its Effects on Radio Propagation

The High-Latitude Ionosphere and its Effects on Radio Propagation
A Book

by R. D. Hunsucker,J. K. Hargreaves

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2007-09-10
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9781139435000
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The physical properties of the ionized layer in the Earth's upper atmosphere enable us to use it to support an increasing range of communications applications. This book presents a modern treatment of the physics and phenomena of the high latitude upper atmosphere and the morphology of radio propagation in the auroral and polar regions. Chapters cover the basics of radio propagation and the use of radio techniques in ionospheric studies. Many investigations of high latitude radio propagation have previously only been published in Conference Proceedings and organizational reports. This book includes many examples of the behavior of quiet and disturbed high latitude HF propagation. Ample cross-referencing, chapter summaries and reference lists make this book an invaluable aid for graduate students, ionospheric physicists and radio engineers.

Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Space Weather

Geomagnetism, Aeronomy and Space Weather
A Journey from the Earth's Core to the Sun

by Mioara Mandea,Monika Korte,Andrew Yau,Eduard Petrovsky

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2019-11-14
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1108418481
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An interdisciplinary review of research in geomagnetism, aeronomy and space weather, written by eminent researchers from these fields.

The Century of Space Science

The Century of Space Science
A Book

by J.A. Bleeker,Johannes Geiss,M. Huber

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 1846
  • ISBN : 9401003203
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the most attractive features of the young discipline of Space Science is that many of the original pioneers and key players involved are still available to describe their field. Hence, at this point in history we are in a unique position to gain first-hand insight into the field and its development. To this end, The Century of Space Science, a scholarly, authoritative, reference book presents a chapter-by-chapter retrospective of space science as studied in the 20th century. The level is academic and focuses on key discoveries, how these were arrived at, their scientific consequences and how these discoveries advanced the thoughts of the key players involved. With over 90 world-class contributors, such as James Van Allen, Cornelis de Jager, Eugene Parker, Reimar Lüst, and Ernst Stuhlinger, and with a Foreword by Lodewijk Woltjer (past ESO Director General), this book will be immensely useful to readers in the fields of space science, astronomy, and the history of science. Both academic institutions and researchers will find that this major reference work makes an invaluable addition to their collection.

Radio Techniques for Probing the Terrestrial Ionosphere

Radio Techniques for Probing the Terrestrial Ionosphere
A Book

by Robert D. Hunsucker

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-03-07
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN : 3642762573
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the years since the pioneering efforts of Sir Edward Appleton, M. A. F. Barnett, G. Breit, and M. A. Thve, many radio techniques have been employed to investigate the terrestrial ionosphere. The purposes of this book are to exam ine the basic physical interaction process of radio waves with the ionosphere, scrutinize each of the radio techniques currently in use, and describe the elements of each technique, as well as assess their capabilities and limitations. I have included some of the history of each technique, since we often tend to forget the efforts of the "pioneers". The interaction of radio waves with the terrestrial ionosphere has been described in considerable detail in several "classic" treatments, e.g., Ratcliffe (1959), Al'pert (1963), Budden (1961) and Davies (1965), Rishbeth and e.g., Flock (1979), Davies Garriott (1969), and in other more recent books, (1990), Hargreaves (1979), and Budden (1985). A few of the radio techniques have been described by Hargreaves (1979) and a book by Giraud and Petit (1978) has also included discussion of several of the techniques. The "WITS" handbook No. 2 (1989) also contains description of several radio techniques.

Mapping and Predicting the Earth's Ionosphere Using the Global Positioning System

Mapping and Predicting the Earth's Ionosphere Using the Global Positioning System
A Book

by Stefan Schaer

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999-01-01
  • Pages : 205
  • ISBN : 9783908440017
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System
A Book

by Charles R. Chappell

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-10-31
  • Pages : 414
  • ISBN : 1119066778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over a half century of exploration of the Earth’s space environment, it has become evident that the interaction between the ionosphere and the magnetosphere plays a dominant role in the evolution and dynamics of magnetospheric plasmas and fields. Interestingly, it was recently discovered that this same interaction is of fundamental importance at other planets and moons throughout the solar system. Based on papers presented at an interdisciplinary AGU Chapman Conference at Yosemite National Park in February 2014, this volume provides an intellectual and visual journey through our exploration and discovery of the paradigm-changing role that the ionosphere plays in determining the filling and dynamics of Earth and planetary environments. The 2014 Chapman conference marks the 40th anniversary of the initial magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling conference at Yosemite in 1974, and thus gives a four decade perspective of the progress of space science research in understanding these fundamental coupling processes. Digital video links to an online archive containing both the 1974 and 2014 meetings are presented throughout this volume for use as an historical resource by the international heliophysics and planetary science communities. Topics covered in this volume include: Ionosphere as a source of magnetospheric plasma Effects of the low energy ionospheric plasma on the stability and creation of the more energetic plasmas The unified global modeling of the ionosphere and magnetosphere at the Earth and other planets New knowledge of these coupled interactions for heliophysicists and planetary scientists, with a cross-disciplinary approach involving advanced measurement and modeling techniques Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling in the Solar System is a valuable resource for researchers in the fields of space and planetary science, atmospheric science, space physics, astronomy, and geophysics.

Atmospheric Radar

Atmospheric Radar
Application and Science of MST Radars in the Earth's Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Troposphere, and Weakly Ionized Regions

by Wayne K. Hocking,Jürgen Röttger,Robert D. Palmer,Toru Sato,Phillip B. Chilson

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2016-10-31
  • Pages : 832
  • ISBN : 1107147468
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first book to bring together the theory, design and applications of atmospheric radar systems.

Space Physics

Space Physics
An Introduction

by C. T. Russell,J. G. Luhmann,R. J. Strangeway

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2016-07-07
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN : 1107098823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook, derived from courses given by three leading researchers, provides advanced undergraduates and graduates with up-to-date coverage of space physics, from the Sun to the interstellar medium. Clear explanations of the underlying physical processes are presented alongside major new discoveries and knowledge gained from space missions, ground-based observations, theory, and modelling to inspire students. Building from the basics to more complex ideas, the book contains enough material for a two-semester course but the authors also provide suggestions for how the material can be tailored to fit a single semester. End-of-chapter problems reinforce concepts and include computer-based exercises especially developed for this textbook package. Free access to the software is available via the book's website and enables students to model the behavior of magnetospheric and solar plasma. An extensive glossary recaps new terms and carefully selected further reading sections encourage students to explore advanced topics of interest.

Ionospheric Radio

Ionospheric Radio
A Book

by Kenneth Davies

  • Publisher : IET
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9780863411861
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume presents an up-to-date survey of the theory and practice of radio wave propagation involving transmission through and reflection from the ionosphere. A brief historical introduction is followed by such topics as radio techniques, plasma theory, oblique transmission, earth-space, amplitude, ionospheric disturbances, ELF, VLF and LF, medium waves, HF and VHF. The work will benefit radio engineers whose systems are affected by the ionosphere, researchers and graduate students studying ionospheric physics and communications.

Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere

Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere
A Book

by J. D. Huba,Robert W. Schunk,G. V. Khazanov

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2014-03-17
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1118704452
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of theGeophysical Monograph Series, Volume 201. Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere System bringstogether for the first time a detailed description of the physicsof the IT system in conjunction with numerical techniques to solvethe complex system of equations that describe the system, as wellas issues of current interest. Volume highlights includediscussions of: Physics of the ionosphere and thermosphere IT system, and thenumerical methods to solve the basic equations of the ITsystem The physics and numerical methods to determine the globalelectrodynamics of the IT system The response of the IT system to forcings from below (i.e., thelower atmosphere) and from above (i.e., the magnetosphere) The physics and numerical methods to model ionosphericirregularities Data assimilation techniques, comparison of model results todata, climate variability studies, and applications to spaceweather Providing a clear description of the physics of this system inseveral tutorial-like articles, Modeling theIonosphere-Thermosphere System is of value to the upperatmosphere science community in general. Chapters describingdetails of the numerical methods used to solve the equations thatdescribe the IT system make the volume useful to both activeresearchers in the field and students.

Ionospheric Prediction and Forecasting

Ionospheric Prediction and Forecasting
A Book

by Bruno Zolesi,Ljiljana R. Cander

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-09-25
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 3642384307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes how to predict and forecast the state of planet Earth’s ionosphere under quiet and disturbed conditions in terms of dynamical processes in the weakly ionized plasma media of the upper atmosphere and their relation to available modern measurements and modelling techniques. It explains the close relationship between the state of the media and the radio wave propagation conditions via this media. The prediction and forecasting algorithms, methods and models are oriented towards providing a practical approach to ionospherically dependent systems design and engineering. Proper understanding of the ionosphere is of fundamental practical importance because it is an essential part of telecommunication and navigation systems that use the ionosphere to function or would function much better in its nonappearance on the Earth and on any planet with an atmosphere.

Ionospheres

Ionospheres
Physics, Plasma Physics, and Chemistry

by Robert Schunk,Andrew Nagy

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2009-08-20
  • Pages : 628
  • ISBN : 0521877067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Describes the physical, plasma and chemical processes controlling ionospheres, upper atmospheres and exospheres, for researchers and graduates.

Solar and Space Physics

Solar and Space Physics
A Science for a Technological Society: An Overview

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee on a Decadal Strategy for Solar and Space Physics (Heliophysics)

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2014-09-25
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 0309313953
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2010, NASA and the National Science Foundation asked the National Research Council to assemble a committee of experts to develop an integrated national strategy that would guide agency investments in solar and space physics for the years 2013-2022. That strategy, the result of nearly 2 years of effort by the survey committee, which worked with more than 100 scientists and engineers on eight supporting study panels, is presented in the 2013 publication, Solar and Space Physics: A Science for a Technological Society. This booklet, designed to be accessible to a broader audience of policymakers and the interested public, summarizes the content of that report.

Space Radio Science

Space Radio Science
A Book

by O.I. Yakovlev

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2002-04-25
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 9780415273503
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Space Radio Science deals with the theory and practice of space communications with Earth's satellites and interplanetary probes, interstellar radio communications in our galaxy, and the effects of gravitational fields on propagating radio waves. The text describes a method of radio occultation used to monitor planetary atmosphere and ionosphere. The author considers remote sensing of circumsolar and interplanetary plasmas, as well as of the Earth and other planets in the solar system. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of radiophysical problems and methods, as well as the benefits of various spacecraft and radio signals. It looks at problems such as gravitational pull and its effect on the propagation of radio waves. This monograph is ideal for radio-physicists, engineers and students in space radiophysics, remote sensing, propagation of radio waves and space communications.

Ionospheric Space Weather

Ionospheric Space Weather
Longitude Dependence and Lower Atmosphere Forcing

by Timothy Fuller-Rowell,Endawoke Yizengaw,Patricia H. Doherty,Sunanda Basu

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-11-23
  • Pages : 312
  • ISBN : 1118929233
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph is the outcome of an American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference on longitude and hemispheric dependence of ionospheric space weather, including the impact of waves propagating from the lower atmosphere. The Chapman Conference was held in Africa as a means of focusing attention on an extensive geographic region where observations are critically needed to address some of the fundamental questions of the physical processes driving the ionosphere locally and globally. The compilation of papers from the conference describes the physics of this system and the mechanisms that control ionospheric space weather in a combination of tutorial-like and focused articles that will be of value to the upper atmosphere scientific community in general and to ongoing global magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere (MIT) modeling efforts in particular. A number of articles from each science theme describe details of the physics behind each phenomenon that help to solve the complexity of the MIT system. Because this volume is an outcome of the research presented at this first space science Chapman Conference held in Africa, it has further provided an opportunity for African scientists to communicate their research results with the international community. In addition, the meeting and this conference volume will greatly enhance the space science education and research interest in the African continent and around the world. Ionospheric Space Weather includes articles from six science themes that were discussed at the Chapman Conference in 2012. These include: Hemispherical dependence of magnetospheric energy injection and the thermosphere-ionosphere response Longitude and hemispheric dependence of storm-enhanced densities (SED) Response of the thermosphere and ionosphere to variability in solar radiation Longitude spatial structure in total electron content and electrodynamics Temporal response to lower-atmosphere disturbances Ionospheric irregularities and scintillation Ionospheric Space Weather: Longitude Dependence and Lower Atmosphere Forcing will be useful to both active researchers and advanced graduate students in the field of physics, geophysics, and engineering, especially those who are keen to acquire a global understanding of ionospheric phenomena, including observational information from all longitude sectors across the globe.

The Earth's Ionosphere - Space Design Criteria /environment/

The Earth's Ionosphere - Space Design Criteria /environment/
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1971
  • Pages : 49
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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