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The Earth's Ionosphere

The Earth's Ionosphere
Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics

by Michael Kelly

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0323148050
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Earth's Ionosphere: Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics emphasizes the study of plasma physics and electrodynamics of the ionosphere, including many aeronomical influences. The ionosphere is somewhat of a battleground between the earth's neutral atmosphere and the sun's fully ionized atmosphere, in which the earth is embedded. One of the challenges of ionosphere research is to know enough about these two vast fields of research to make sense out of ionospheric phenomena. This book provides insights into how these competing sources of mass, momentum, and energy compete for control of the ionosphere. Some of the topics discussed include the fundamentals of ionospheric plasma dynamics; equatorial plasma instabilities; high-latitude electrodynamics; and instabilities and structure in the high-latitude ionosphere. Throughout this text only the region above 90 km are discussed, ignoring the D region entirely. This publication is a good source of information for students and individuals conducting research on earth’s ionosphere.

The Earth's Ionosphere

The Earth's Ionosphere
Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics

by Michael C. Kelley

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2009-06-12
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 9780080916576
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although interesting in its own right, due to the ever-increasing use of satellites for communication and navigation, weather in the ionosphere is of great concern. Every such system uses trans-ionospheric propagation of radio waves, waves which must traverse the commonly turbulent ionosphere. Understanding this turbulence and predicting it are one of the major goals of the National Space Weather program. Acquiring such a prediction capability will rest on understanding the very topics of this book, the plasma physics and electrodynamics of the system. Fully updated to reflect advances in the field in the 20 years since the first edition published Explores the buffeting of the ionosphere from above by the sun and from below by the lower atmosphere Unique text appropriate both as a reference and for coursework

Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere

Aeronomy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Ionosphere
A Book

by Mangalathayil Ali Abdu,Archana Bhattacharyya,Dora Pancheva

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-02-26
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 9400703260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a multi-author treatise on the most outstanding research problems in the field of the aeronomy of the Earth’s atmosphere and ionosphere, encompassing the science covered by Division II of the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA). It contains several review articles and detailed papers by leading scientists in the field. The book is organized in five parts: 1) Mesosphere-Lower Thermosphere Dynamics and Chemistry; 2) Vertical Coupling by Upward Propagating Waves; 3) Ionospheric Electrodynamics and Structuring; 4) Thermosphere- Ionosphere Coupling, Dynamics and Trends and 5) Ionosphere-Thermosphere Disturbances and Modeling. The book consolidates the progress achieved in the field in recent years and it serves as a useful reference for graduate students as well as experienced researchers.

Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth's Ionosphere and Magnetosphere

Electrodynamic Processes in the Earth's Ionosphere and Magnetosphere
A Book

by Y. Kamide

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 756
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar

Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar
A Book

by Nathan Blaunstein,Eugeniu Plohotniuc

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2008-05-13
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN : 9781420055177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A Complete Reference for the 21st Century Until recently, much of the communications technology in the former Eastern bloc countries was largely unknown. Due to the historically competitive nature of East/West relations, scientific groups operated independently, without the benefit of open communication on theoretical frameworks and experimental technologies. As these countries have begun to bridge the gap and work in a more cooperative environment, the need has grown for a comprehensive guide which assimilates all the information in this vast knowledge bank. Ionosphere and Applied Aspects of Radio Communication and Radar meets the demand for an updated reference on this continually evolving global technology. This book examines the changes that have occurred in the past two or three decades. It thoroughly reviews ionospheric radio propagation, over-horizon and above-horizon radars, and miniature ionospheric stations used for investigating nonregular phenomena occurring in the ionosphere. In addition, it also comprehensively discusses land-satellite and satellite-satellite communications. This volume also reviews an area that has been all but ignored in previous works: the effects of plasma irregularities on radio waves propagation through the inhomogeneous ionosphere. Here, a heavy focus is placed on the effects of these irregular phenomena. And due to the recent wireless revolution, more attention than ever has been aimed on improving the efficiency of land-satellite and satellite-satellite communication networks, which are fully addressed. Included are— Transport processes and photochemistry reactions occurring in the regular homogeneous ionosphere Nonlinear phenomena occurring in the irregular ionosphere Instabilities in the inhomogeneous disturbed ionosphere Various ambient natural and artificial sources and corresponding plasma irregularities Written by two leading scientists, this book will be an invaluable guide to anyone working in this ever-changing field.

NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1961

NASA Authorization for Fiscal Year 1961
Hearings Before the NASA Authorization Subcommittee of the Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, United States Senate, Eighty-sixth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 10809, Act to Authorize Appropriations to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration for Salaries and Expenses Research and Development, Construction and Equipment, and for Other Purposes

by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1960
  • Pages : 1022
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electronic Waves & Transmission Line Circuit Design

Electronic Waves & Transmission Line Circuit Design
Your Illustrated Guide to Wave Engineering

by Matthew M. Radmanesh Ph. D.,Matthew M. Radmanesh

  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Release : 2011-04
  • Pages : 632
  • ISBN : 1438968639
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an attempt to make something unified of the accumulations of a lifetime of thoughts and impressions can be likened unto an archeologist piecing together random shards and bones in an effort to establish the culture of an ancient society.

1969 NASA Authorization

1969 NASA Authorization
Hearings, Ninetieth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 15086 (superseded by H.R. 15856).

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Astronautics

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment

Handbook of the Solar-Terrestrial Environment
A Book

by Yohsuke Kamide,Abraham C.-L. Chian

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-08-17
  • Pages : 539
  • ISBN : 3540463151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a star in the universe, the Sun is constantly releas- cover a wide range of time and spatial scales, making ?? ing energy into space, as much as ?. ? ?? erg/s. Tis observations in the solar-terrestrial environment c- energy emission basically consists of three modes. Te plicated and the understanding of processes di?cult. ?rst mode of solar energy is the so-called blackbody ra- In the early days, the phenomena in each plasma diation, commonly known as sunlight, and the second region were studied separately, but with the progress mode of solar electromagnetic emission, such as X rays of research, we realized the importance of treating and UV radiation, is mostly absorbed above the Earth’s the whole chain of processes as an entity because of stratosphere. Te third mode of solar energy emission is strong interactions between various regions within in the form of particles having a wide range of energies the solar-terrestrial system. On the basis of extensive from less than ? keV to more than ? GeV. It is convenient satellite observations and computer simulations over to group these particles into lower-energy particles and thepasttwo decades, it hasbecomepossibleto analyze higher-energy particles, which are referred to as the so- speci?cally the close coupling of di?erent regions in the lar wind and solar cosmic rays, respectively. solar-terrestrial environment.

Venus Aeronomy

Venus Aeronomy
A Book

by C.T. Russell

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 489
  • ISBN : 940113300X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For almost three decades since Mariner 2 flew by the planet in December 1962, Venus has been the subject of intense investigation by both the Soviet and American space programs. Since the intrinsic magnetic field of Venus is exceedingly weak, if it exists at all, we expect many phenomena of the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Venus to differ from their terrestrial counterparts. While flybys and landings of the many Venus missions provided useful data on these phenomena, orbital missions were needed for their detailed investigation. Such orbital missions were provided by the Soviet program with Veneras 9 and 10 in October 1975 and by the United States with the Pioneer Venus Orbiter in December 1978. Originally designed for a prime mission of only 243 days, the Pioneer Venus Orbiter is still functioning over a decade later, providing data nearly - hours a day through one of the most active solar cycles to date. We expect these transmis sions to continue until September 1992 when gravitation perturbations will lower the periapsis of the PVO orbit so that the spacecraft will be lost to the atmosphere. The Venera 9 and 10 and the Pioneer Venus observations have led to an explosion of knowledge about the upper atmosphere and ionosphere of Venus and their interaction with the solar wind. The availability of data over a full solar cycle has.

Special Report

Special Report
A Book

by Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coastal and Marine Environments

Coastal and Marine Environments
Physical Processes and Numerical Modelling

by José Simão Antunes Do Carmo

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2020-01-22
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 1789843596
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book systematizes the concepts of contemporary coastal zone management and suggests possible structural and non-structural management tools for decision-making processes. Some successful adaptation measures and case studies on oceanic processes and coastal protection are discussed. High-frequency communications in coastal and marine environments are also addressed.All chapters contribute relevant information and useful content to scientists and other readers interested or concerned about the lack of adequate management actions and the installation of appropriate protections or their ineffectiveness in containing coastal vulnerabilities and risks.

The Atmospheric Sciences

The Atmospheric Sciences
Entering the Twenty-First Century

by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1998-11-22
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0309064155
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Technology has propelled the atmospheric sciences from a fledgling discipline to a global enterprise. Findings in this field shape a broad spectrum of decisions--what to wear outdoors, whether aircraft should fly, how to deal with the issue of climate change, and more. This book presents a comprehensive assessment of the atmospheric sciences and offers a vision for the future and a range of recommendations for federal authorities, the scientific community, and education administrators. How does atmospheric science contribute to national well-being? In the context of this question, the panel identifies imperatives in scientific observation, recommends directions for modeling and forecasting research, and examines management issues, including the growing problem of weather data availability. Five subdisciplines--physics, chemistry, dynamics and weather forecasting, upper atmosphere and near-earth space physics, climate and climate change--and their status as the science enters the twenty-first century are examined in detail, including recommendations for research. This readable book will be of interest to public-sector policy framers and private-sector decisionmakers as well as researchers, educators, and students in the atmospheric sciences.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1988
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NASA EP.

NASA EP.
A Book

by United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983-10
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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IGY General Report

IGY General Report
A Book

by World Data Center A.

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1961
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Planetary Atmospheric Electricity

Planetary Atmospheric Electricity
A Book

by François Leblanc,Karen Aplin,Yoav Yair,Giles Harrison,Jean Pierre Lebreton,M. Blanc

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-12-04
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 0387876634
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a comprehensive discussion of all issues related to atmospheric electricity in our solar system. It details atmospheric electricity on Earth and other planets and discusses the development of instruments used for observation.

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Oswaal ICSE Question Banks Class 9 Geography (Reduced Syllabus) (For 2021 Exam)

Oswaal ICSE Question Banks Class 9 Geography (Reduced Syllabus) (For 2021 Exam)
A Book

by Oswaal Editorial Board

  • Publisher : Oswaal Books and Learning Pvt Ltd
  • Release : 2020-10-30
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 9390180945
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Some of the key benefits of studying from Oswaal Solved Papers are: • Strictly based on the latest CISCE Curriculum issued for Academic Year 2020-2021 • Board Questions for in depth study • Answering Tips and Examiner’s Comments • Answers strictly as per the ICSE Marking Scheme • All Typology of Questions included for exam-oriented study • Revision Notes for comprehensive study • ‘Mind Maps’ in each chapter for making learning simple. • Suggested videos at the end of each chapter for a Digital Learning Experience

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics

Fundamentals of Plasma Physics
A Book

by J. A. Bittencourt

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 730
  • ISBN : 148329319X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A general introduction designed to present a comprehensive, logical and unified treatment of the fundamentals of plasma physics based on statistical kinetic theory. Its clarity and completeness make it suitable for self-learning and self-paced courses. Problems are included.