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The Ecology of Large Mammals in Central Yellowstone

The Ecology of Large Mammals in Central Yellowstone
Sixteen Years of Integrated Field Studies

by Robert A. Garrott,Patrick J. White,Fred G.R. Watson

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2008-11-25
  • Pages : 712
  • ISBN : 9780080921051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an authoritative work on the ecology of some of America’s most iconic large mammals in a natural environment - and of the interplay between climate, landscape, and animals in the interior of the world’s first and most famous national park. Central Yellowstone includes the range of one of the largest migratory populations of bison in North America as well as a unique elk herd that remains in the park year round. These populations live in a varied landscape with seasonal and often extreme patterns of climate and food abundance. The reintroduction of wolves into the park a decade ago resulted in scientific and public controversy about the effect of large predators on their prey, a debate closely examined in the book. Introductory chapters describe the geography, geology and vegetation of the ecosystem. The elk and bison are then introduced and their population ecology described both pre- and post– wolf introduction, enabling valuable insights into the demographic and behavioral consequences for their ungulate prey. Subsequent chapters describe the wildlife-human interactions and show how scientific research can inform the debate and policy issues surrounding winter recreation in Yellowstone. The book closes with a discussion of how this ecological knowledge can be used to educate the public, both about Yellowstone itself and about science, ecology and the environment in general. Yellowstone National Park exemplifies some of the currently most hotly debated and high-profile ecological, wildlife management, and environmental policy issues and this book will have broad appeal not only to academic ecologists, but also to natural resource students, managers, biologists, policy makers, administrators and the general public. * Unrivalled descriptions of ecological processes in a world famous ecosystem, based on information from 16 years of painstaking field work and collaborations among 66 scientists and technical experts and 15 graduate studies. * Detailed studies of two charismatic North American herbivore species – elk and bison * Description of the restoration of wolves into central Yellowstone and their ecological interactions with their elk and bison prey * Illustrated with numerous evocative colour photographs and stunning maps

Yellowstone's Wildlife in Transition

Yellowstone's Wildlife in Transition
A Book

by P. J. White

  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release : 2013-04-01
  • Pages : 361
  • ISBN : 0674076435
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The world's first national park is constantly changing. How we understand and respond to recent events putting species under stress will determine the future of ecosystems millions of years in the making. Marshaling expertise from over 30 contributors, Yellowstone's Wildlife in Transition examines three primary challenges to the park's ecology.

Yellowstone Cougars

Yellowstone Cougars
Ecology before and during Wolf Restoration

by Toni K. Ruth,Polly C. Buotte,Maurice G. Hornocker

  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Release : 2019-09-23
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN : 1607328291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Yellowstone Cougars examines the effect of wolf restoration on the cougar population in Yellowstone National Park—one of the largest national parks in the American West. No other study has ever specifically addressed the theoretical and practical aspects of competition between large carnivores in North America. The authors provide a thorough analysis of cougar ecology, how they interact with and are influenced by wolves—their main competitor—and how this knowledge informs management and conservation of both species across the West. Of practical importance, Yellowstone Cougars addresses the management and conservation of multiple carnivores in increasingly human-dominated landscapes. The authors move beyond a single-species approach to cougar management and conservation to one that considers multiple species, which was impossible to untangle before wolf reestablishment in the Yellowstone area provided biologists with this research opportunity. Yellowstone Cougars provides objective scientific data at the forefront of understanding cougars and large carnivore community structure and management issues in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, as well as in other areas where wolves and cougars are reestablishing. Intended for an audience of scientists, wildlife managers, conservationists, and academics, the book also sets a theoretical precedent for writing about competition between carnivorous mammals.

Yellowstone National Park (N.P.), Brucellosis Remote Vaccination Program for Bison

Yellowstone National Park (N.P.), Brucellosis Remote Vaccination Program for Bison
Environmental Impact Statement

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wolves on the Hunt

Wolves on the Hunt
The Behavior of Wolves Hunting Wild Prey

by L. David Mech,Douglas W. Smith,Daniel R. MacNulty

  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release : 2015-05-22
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN : 022625514X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The interactions between apex predators and their prey are among the most impressively choreographed in naturegreat whites chasing seals, lions hunting antelope, and wolves outmaneuvering deer. Each of these interactions demonstrates physical strength and endurance, and a deep coevolutionary history. Wolves are often thought of as killing machines (especially among ranchers). In a general sense, like great whites, they are. The wolf has evolved to kill prey much larger than itself, a wolf, or especially a pack of wolves, can kill just about anything it wants. But this lifestyle comes at a cost--wolves spend a third of their time hunting. And their successes and failures help drive the functioning of the ecosystems they imhabit. "Wolves on the Hunt "is the first book to focus explicitly on wolf hunting. It contains a compelling mix of analyses of behavioral data, original field observations, and introductory texts that cover the major wolf interactions with their prey. Organized around the species the wolves hunt-- deer, elk, moose, caribou, dall sheep, bison, muskoxen, arctic hare, among othersit is a revelatory exploration of the life and evolution of one of nature s most revered great hunters."

Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle
Implications for Conservation

by Mario Melletti,James Burton

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2014-10-30
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1316061108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Covering all thirteen species of wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading experts on the biology, evolution, conservation status and management of the tribe Bovini, providing: • A comprehensive review of current knowledge on systematic, anatomy and ecology of all wild cattle species (chapters 1 to 8); • A clear understanding of the conservation status of each species and the gaps in our current knowledge (chapters 9 to 20); • A number of case studies on conservation activities and an investigation of some of the most threatened and poorly understood species (chapters 21 to 27). An invaluable resource for students, researchers, and professionals in behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology, this beautifully illustrated reference work reveals the extraordinary link between wild cattle and humans, the benefits some of these species have brought us, and their key roles in their natural ecosystems.

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area

Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area
A Book

by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2021-01-30
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0309458315
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Brucellosis is a nationally and internationally regulated disease of livestock with significant consequences for animal health, public health, and international trade. In cattle, the primary cause of brucellosis is Brucella abortus, a zoonotic bacterial pathogen that also affects wildlife, including bison and elk. As a result of the Brucellosis Eradication Program that began in 1934, most of the country is now free of bovine brucellosis. The Greater Yellowstone Area (GYA), where brucellosis is endemic in bison and elk, is the last known B. abortus reservoir in the United States. The GYA is home to more than 5,500 bison that are the genetic descendants of the original free-ranging bison herds that survived in the early 1900s, and home to more than 125,000 elk whose habitats are managed through interagency efforts, including the National Elk Refuge and 22 supplemental winter feedgrounds maintained in Wyoming. In 1998 the National Research Council (NRC) issued a report, Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area, that reviewed the scientific knowledge regarding B. abortus transmission among wildlifeâ€"particularly bison and elkâ€"and cattle in the GYA. Since the release of the 1998 report, brucellosis has re-emerged in domestic cattle and bison herds in that area. Given the scientific and technological advances in two decades since that first report, Revisiting Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone Area explores the factors associated with the increased transmission of brucellosis from wildlife to livestock, the recent apparent expansion of brucellosis in non-feedground elk, and the desire to have science inform the course of any future actions in addressing brucellosis in the GYA.

Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological Importance

Animals' Influence on the Landscape and Ecological Importance
Natives, Newcomers, Homecomers

by Friedrich-Karl Holtmeier

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-10-22
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 9401792941
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In its first English-language edition, this book introduces the many-faceted interactions of animal populations with their habitats. From soil fauna, ants and termites to small and large herbivores, burrowing mammals and birds, the author presents a comprehensive analysis of animals and ecosystems that is as broad and varied as all nature. Chapter 2 addresses the functional role of animals in landscape ecosystems, emphasizing fluxes of energy and matter within and between ecosystems, and the effects of animals on qualitative and structural habitat change. Discussion includes chapters on the role of animal population density and the impacts of native herbivores on vegetation and habitats from the tropics to the polar regions. Cyclic mass outbreaks of species such as the larch bud moth in Switzerland, the mountain pine beetle and the African red-billed weaver bird are described and analyzed. Other chapters discuss Zoochory – the dispersal of seeds by ants, mammals and birds – and the influence of burrowing animals on soil development and geomorphology. Consideration extends to the impact of feral domestic animals. Chapter 5 focuses on problems resulting from introduction of alien animals and from re-introduction of animal species to their original habitats, discusses the effects on ecosystems of burrowing, digging and trampling by animals. The author also addresses keystone species such as kangaroo rats, termites and beavers. Chapter 6 addresses the role of animals in landscape management and nature conservation, with chapters on the impact of newcomer species such as animals introduced into Australia, New Zealand and Europe, and the consequences of reintroduction of species to original habitat. It also discusses the carrying capacity of natural habit, public attitudes toward conversation and more. The final section ponders the effects of climate on interactions between animals and their habitats.

The Lochsa Elk Herd

The Lochsa Elk Herd
History and Future

by James M. Peek,Thomas A. Leege,Michael W. Schlegel

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2020-04-23
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 152754981X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Northern hemisphere ungulates occupy a variety of habitats of varying degrees of permanency. Populations that occupy drier areas must contend with different moisture patterns between years, but vegetation is relatively permanent, pending large-scale disturbances such as fires or heavy grazing. However, populations that occupy boreal forests and the moist inland coniferous forests often benefit from the major vegetation change that typically follows fire or logging. This volume records the history of an elk population that occupies these types of forests. Major fires in the 1910-1934 period created millions of acres of highly palatable shrubs that created a habitat for a burgeoning elk population. Coupled with the reduction of major predators, hunting, and other human activities in the 1930s and 1940s, the elk herd expanded to levels that are unlikely to be reached again and may never have occurred before. This pattern has occurred in many forests across the Holarctic hemisphere. Efforts to retain elk and other species including moose in these forests will have to be coordinated with other activities including logging and fire. Elk must be recognized as being products of forest disturbance.

Atlas of Yellowstone

Atlas of Yellowstone
Second Edition

by W. Andrew Marcus

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2022-01-11
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 0520976924
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The second edition of the award-winning Atlas of Yellowstone contains 50% new material, making it the authoritative reference for the world’s first national park on its 150th anniversary. The publication of the Atlas of Yellowstone, Second Edition coincides with the 150th anniversary of the founding of Yellowstone National Park—a major international event. The atlas is an accessible, comprehensive guide that presents Yellowstone’s story through compelling visualizations rendered by award-winning cartographers at the University of Oregon. Readers of this new edition of the Atlas of Yellowstone will explore the contributions of Yellowstone to preserving and understanding natural and cultural landscapes, to informing worldwide conservation practices, and to inspiring national parks around the world, while also learning about the many struggles the park faces in carrying out its mission. Ranging from Indigenous Americans and local economies to geysers and wildlife migrations, from the life of one wolf to the threat of wildfires, each page provides leading experts’ insights into the complexity and significance of Yellowstone. Key elements of the atlas include: More than 1,000 maps, graphics, and photographs Contributions from more than 130 experts Detailed topographic maps of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks Exploration of Yellowstone National Park’s influence over 150 years on conservation practice, park management, and American culture New, detailed visualizations of wildlife that take advantage of modern GPS technology to track individual animals and entire herds Place-name origins for Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks and the surrounding region

The Archaeology of Large-Scale Manipulation of Prey

The Archaeology of Large-Scale Manipulation of Prey
The Economic and Social Dynamics of Mass Hunting

by Kristen Carlson,Leland C. Bement

  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Release : 2018-05-30
  • Pages : 297
  • ISBN : 1607326825
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Archaeology of Large-Scale Manipulation of Prey explores the social and functional aspects of large-scale hunting adaptations in the archaeological record. Mass-kill hunting strategies are ubiquitous in human prehistory and exhibit culturally specific economic, social, environmental, and demographic markers. Here, seven case studies—primarily from the Americas and spanning from the Folsom period on the Great Plains to the ethnographic present in Australia—expand the understanding of large-scale hunting methods beyond the customary role of subsistence and survival to include the social and political realms within which large-scale hunting adaptations evolved. Addressing a diverse assortment of archaeological issues relating to the archaeological signatures and interpretation of mass-kill sites, The Archaeology of Large-Scale Manipulation of Prey reevaluates and rephrases the deep-time development of hunting and the themes of subsistence to provide a foundation for the future study of hunting adaptations around the globe. Authors illustrate various perspectives and avenues of investigation, making this an important contribution to the field of zooarchaeology and the study of hunter-gatherer societies throughout history. The book will appeal to archaeologists, ethnologists, and ecologists alike. Contributors: Jane Balme, Jonathan Driver, Adam C. Graves, David Maxwell, Ulla Odgaard, John D. Speth, María Nieves Zedeño

Yellowstones Survival

Yellowstones Survival
A Call to Action for a New Conservation Story

by Susan G. Clark

  • Publisher : Anthem Press
  • Release : 2021-05-15
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 1785277332
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book focuses on Yellowstone: the park, the larger ecosystem, and even more so, the “idea” of Yellowstone. In presenting a case for a new conservation paradigm for the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (GYE), including Yellowstone National Park, the book, at its heart, is about people and nature relationships. This new paradigm will be truly committed to a healthy, sustainable environment, rich in other life forms, and one that affords dignity for all: humans and nonhumans. The new story or paradigm must be about living such a commitment and future for GYE in real time. The book presents a well-developed theory for interdisciplinary problem solving that is grounded in practice.

Climate Change in Wildlands

Climate Change in Wildlands
Pioneering Approaches to Science and Management

by Andrew J Hansen,William B Monahan,David M. Theobald,S. Thomas Olliff

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2016-06-07
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 161091712X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Scientists have been warning for years that human activity is heating up the planet and climate change is under way. We are only just beginning to acknowledge the serious effects this will have on all life on Earth. The federal government is crafting broad-scale strategies to protect wildland ecosystems from the worst effects of climate change. One of the greatest challenges is to get the latest science into the hands of resource managers entrusted with vulnerable wildland ecosystems. This book examines climate and land-use changes in montane environments, assesses the vulnerability of species and ecosystems to these changes, and provides resource managers with collaborative management approaches to mitigate expected impacts. Climate Change in Wildlands proposes a new kind of collaboration between scientists and managers--a science-derived framework and common-sense approaches for keeping parks and protected areas healthy on a rapidly changing planet.

Can't Chew the Leather Anymore

Can't Chew the Leather Anymore
Musings on Wildlife Conservation in Yellowstone from a Broken-Down Biologist

by Patrick James White

  • Publisher : Yellowstone Association
  • Release : 2016-06-02
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN : 9780934948395
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The conservation of wildlife in and near Yellowstone, the world's first national park, is complex and often contentious because federal and state management agencies, local residents, visitors, and various stakeholder groups have a wide variety of expectations. P. J. White has spent more than 15 years working as a biologist in Yellowstone, currently as the leader of the Wildlife and Aquatic Resources Branch. In this book, he provides insights into the scientific, social, and political issues influencing the conservation of wildlife in the Yellowstone area. He offers candid assessments regarding the difficulties of conserving and restoring native wildlife in modern society, including bison, grizzly bears, native fish, and wolves. The advice and lessons contained herein will help newer professionals and students of wildlife conservation avoid many pitfalls. The information will also benefit the millions of people that visit the Yellowstone area each year or monitor the condition and management of the natural resources via the Internet or other outreach avenues. About the Author: P. J. White is the Branch Chief of Wildlife and Aquatic Resources at Yellowstone National Park. He received the Director's Award for Natural Resource Management in the National Park Service during 2010. He has collaborated to produce three other books on Yellowstone, including The Ecology of Large Mammals in Central Yellowstone: Sixteen Years of Integrated Field Studies (2009; ISBN-13:978-0-12-374174-5); Yellowstone's Wildlife in Transition (2013; ISBN 978-0-674-07318-0); and Yellowstone Bison-Conserving an American Icon in Modern Society (2015; ISBN 978-0-934948-30-2). P. J. received his doctoral degree in Wildlife Ecology from the University of Wisconsin (1996); master's degree in Wildlife Conservation from the University of Minnesota (1990); and bachelor's degree in Wildlife Science from Cornell University(1980). Graphic Design: Charissa Reid - Front and back cover photos: Neal Herbert, National Park Service.

Bears of the World

Bears of the World
Ecology, Conservation and Management

by Vincenzo Penteriani,Mario Melletti

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2020-11-26
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108578756
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bears have fascinated people since ancient times. The relationship between bears and humans dates back thousands of years, during which time we have also competed with bears for shelter and food. In modern times, bears have come under pressure through encroachment on their habitats, climate change, and illegal trade in their body parts, including the Asian bear bile market. The IUCN lists six bears as vulnerable or endangered, and even the least concern species, such as the brown bear, are at risk of extirpation in certain countries. The poaching and international trade of these most threatened populations are prohibited, but still ongoing. Covering all bears species worldwide, this beautifully illustrated volume brings together the contributions of 200 international bear experts on the ecology, conservation status, and management of the Ursidae family. It reveals the fascinating long history of interactions between humans and bears and the threats affecting these charismatic species.

Large Mammal Restoration

Large Mammal Restoration
Ecological And Sociological Challenges In The 21St Century

by David Maehr,Reed F. Noss,Jeffery L. Larkin,Jeffery L.. Larkin

  • Publisher : Island Press
  • Release : 2001-10
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 9781559638173
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evidence is mounting that top carnivores and other large mammals play a pivotal role in regulating ecosystem health and function, yet those are the species that are most likely to have been eliminated by past human activities. In recent decades, numerous efforts have been undertaken to return some of the species that were previously extirpated on local or regional scales.Large Mammal Restoration brings together for the first time detailed case studies of those efforts, from restoring elk in Appalachia to returning bison herds to the Great Plains to the much-publicized effort to bring back the gray wolf to Yellowstone National Park. Together these case studies offer important lessons and new ways of thinking for wildlife managers and conservation biologists involved with restoration programs. Sections examine: approaches to determining the feasibility of a restoration program critical hands-on aspects of restoring large mammals obtaining public input into the process and gaining community support for programs the potential of some species to return without direct human intervention, and what can be done to facilitate that natural colonization An introductory chapter by Reed F. Noss explores some of the reasons for restoring large mammals, as well as some of the ecological and social complications, and a concluding overview by David S. Maehr discusses the evolutionary importance of large mammal restoration. Contributors include Paul C. Paquet, Barbara Dugelby, Steven H. Fritts, Paul R. Krausman, Larry D. Harris, Johnna Roy, and many others. Large Mammal Restoration brings together in a single volume essential information on the lessons learned from previous efforts, providing an invaluable resource for researchers and students of conservation biology and wildlife management as well as for policymakers, restoration advocates, and others involved with the planning or execution of a restoration program.

The Oxford Handbook of Animal Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Animal Studies
A Book

by Linda Kalof

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 621
  • ISBN : 0199927146
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part I. Animals in the landscape of law, politics, and public policy. Animal rights / Gary Francione and Anna Charlton -- Animals in political theory / Sue Donaldson and Will Kymlicka --,Animals as living property / David Favre -- The human-animal bond / James Serpell -- Animal sheltering / Leslie Irvine -- Roaming dogs / Arnold Arluke and Kate Atema -- Misothery : contempt for animals and nature, its origins, purposes, and repercussions / James B. Mason -- Continental approaches to animals and animality / Ralph Acampora -- Animals as legal subjects / Paul Waldau -- The struggle for compassion and justice through critical animal studies / Carol Gigliotti -- Interspecies dialogue and animal ethics : the feminist care perspective / Josephine Donovan -- Part II. Animal intentionality, agency, and reflexive thinking. Cetacean cognition / Lori Marino -- History and animal agencies / Chris Pearson -- Animals as sentient commodities / Rhoda WilPart I.kie -- Animal work / Jocelyne Porcher -- Animals as reflexive thinkers : the Aponoian paradigm / Mark Rowlands and Susana Monsó -- Part III. Animals as objects in science, food, spectacle, and sport. The ethics of animal research / Bernard Rollin -- The ethics of food animal production / Paul Thompson -- Animals as scientific objects / Mike Michael -- The problem with zoos / Randy Malamud -- Wolf hunting and the ethics of predator control / John Vucetich and Michael P. --Nelson -- Part IV. Animals in cultural representations. Practice and ethics of the use of animals in contemporary art /Joe Zammit-Lucia -- Animals in folklore / Boria Sax -- Part V. Animals in ecosystems. Archaeozoology / Juliet Cluton-Brock -- Animals and ecological science / Anita Guerrini -- Staging privilege, proximity, and "extreme animal tourism" / Jane Desmond -- Commensal species / Terry O'Connor -- Lively cities : people, animals, and urban ecosystems / Marcus Owens and Jennifer Wolch -- Animals in religion / Stephen R.L. Clark

A Prehistory of Houston and Southeast Texas

A Prehistory of Houston and Southeast Texas
Landscape and Culture

by Dan M. Worrall

  • Publisher : Concertina Press (www.concertinapressbooks.com)
  • Release : 2021-01-02
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 0982599633
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Houston and Southeast Texas have an ancient, storied prehistory. Using data from hundreds of archeological site reports, a changing coastal landscape modeled through time in 3D, historical information on Native Americans taken from the accounts of the earliest European visitors, and digital GIS mapping to weave it all together, this book recounts the development of the physical landscape of this region and the cultures of its Native American inhabitants from the peak of the last ice age until the Spanish colonial era. Its 504 pages are illustrated with nearly 350 full color maps, charts, drawings and photographs.

Flexibility in the Migration Strategies of Animals

Flexibility in the Migration Strategies of Animals
A Book

by Nathan R. Senner,Yolanda E. Morbey,Brett K. Sandercock

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-06-29
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 2889638111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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International Wildlife Management

International Wildlife Management
Conservation Challenges in a Changing World

by John L. Koprowski,Paul R. Krausman

  • Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press
  • Release : 2019-09-10
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1421432854
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This useful compendium demonstrates that researchers and scientists should follow their lead.