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The Economics of Screening and Risk Sharing in Higher Education

The Economics of Screening and Risk Sharing in Higher Education
Human Capital Formation, Income Inequality, and Welfare

by Bernhard Eckwert,Itzhak Zilcha

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2015-05-14
  • Pages : 190
  • ISBN : 0128031913
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Economics of Screening and Risk Sharing in Higher Education explores advances in information technologies and in statistical and social sciences that have significantly improved the reliability of techniques for screening large populations. These advances are important for higher education worldwide because they affect many of the mechanisms commonly used for rationing the available supply of educational services. Using a single framework to study several independent questions, the authors provide a comprehensive theory in an empirically-driven field. Their answers to questions about funding structures for investments in higher education, students’ attitudes towards risk, and the availability of arrangements for sharing individual talent risks are important for understanding the theoretical underpinnings of information and uncertainty on human capital formation. Investigates conditions under which better screening leads to desirable outcomes such as higher human capital accumulation, less income inequality, and higher economic well-being. Questions how the role of screening relates to the funding structure for investments in higher education and to the availability of risk sharing arrangements for individual talent risks. Reveals government policies that are suited for controlling or counteracting detrimental side effects along the growth path.

Handbook of Research on Higher Education in the MENA Region: Policy and Practice

Handbook of Research on Higher Education in the MENA Region: Policy and Practice
Policy and Practice

by Baporikar, Neeta

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2014-06-30
  • Pages : 527
  • ISBN : 1466661992
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book examines the need for a paradigm shift in the area of post-secondary education and innovation in the emerging, yet relatively understudied, MENA region"--Provided by publisher.

Globalisation and Tertiary Education in the Asia-Pacific

Globalisation and Tertiary Education in the Asia-Pacific
The Changing Nature of a Dynamic Market

by Christopher Charles Findlay,William G. Tierney

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 9814299030
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The rapid development and adoption of technology along with open economies has created an integrated global economy. The globalisation process has brought with it significant changes in all areas of life, including tertiary education. This book outlines the features of the new wave of globalisation and draws out specific trends and challenges associated with this new wave for universities and policy makers.

Economics of the Welfare State

Economics of the Welfare State
A Book

by Nicholas Barr

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2012-03-01
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN : 0199297819
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The fifth edition of this successful textbook discusses the different parts of the welfare system and, in particular, cash benefits, the health service, and education. The text is organized into four parts: Concepts, Cash benefits, Benefits in kind, and Epilogue.

Research Frontiers in Industrial Relations and Human Resources

Research Frontiers in Industrial Relations and Human Resources
A Book

by David Lewin,Olivia S. Mitchell,Peter D. Sherer

  • Publisher : Cornell University Press
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 625
  • ISBN : 9780913447536
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Assessing scholarly work done in the 1980s, the editors discuss four major areas of research: unions, collective bargaining, and dispute resolution; human resource management; labor market research; and the regulation of industrial relations and human resources.

Selected Works of Joseph E. Stiglitz

Selected Works of Joseph E. Stiglitz
Volume I: Information and Economic Analysis

by Joseph E. Stiglitz

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2008-12-25
  • Pages : 768
  • ISBN : 019155992X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first volume in a new, definitive, six-volume edition of the works of Joseph Stiglitz, one of today's most distinguished and controversial economists. Stiglitz was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2001 for his work on asymmetric information and is widely acknowledged as one of the pioneers in the field of modern information economics and more generally for his contributions to microeconomics. Volume I includes a number of classic papers which helped to form the foundations for the field of the economics of information. Stiglitz reflects on his work and the field more generally throughout the volume by including substantial original introductions to the Selected Works, the volume as a whole, and each part within the volume. The volume includes a number of foundational papers, specifically looking at market equilibrium with adverse selection, moral hazard, and screening. This volume sets out the basic concepts underlying the economics of information, while volume II goes a step further by applying and extending these concepts in a number of different settings in labour, capital, and product markets.

Higher Education Reforms in Romania

Higher Education Reforms in Romania
Between the Bologna Process and National Challenges

by Adrian Curaj,Ligia Deca,Eva Egron-Polak,Jamil Salmi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-07
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 3319080547
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Romania is an active player in various international higher education areas, while undergoing a series of higher education reforms within its national framework. The Higher Education Evidence Based Policy Making: a necessary premise for progress in Romania project was implemented by the Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding (UEFISCDI) in the timeframe February 2012 – February 2014, being co-financed by the European Social Fund through the Operational Programme “Administrative Capacity Development”. The project aimed to increase the capacity of public administration for evidence-based policy making in the field of higher education, while focusing on good practices at international level and impact assessment. With the contribution of the national and international experts, the project has generated a number of analysis and studies on the existing higher education public policies (quality assurance, internationalisation, equity, data collection, the Bologna Process, financing of higher education). Based on the results of the project, the book will reunite a number of policy research articles which would tap into the innovative aspects of the project's activities and provide a concise overview of what good practices can be drawn from the empirical research conducted in this project. The book will therefore aim to improve the information on Romanian higher education reforms, as well as on the concrete evidence-based policy proposals which could be transformed into future policy solutions in the Romanian higher education system.

The Planning Game

The Planning Game
An Information Economics Approach to Understanding Urban and Environmental Management

by Alex Lord

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 200
  • ISBN : 0415599059
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Trading information is an essential aspect of the negotiations that underpin planning practice across the globe. In this book, Alex Lord uses information economics to outline a way of thinking about these negotiations that places the strategies that actors in the planning game use at the heart of the debate. Dialogue between economics and planning theorists has been, until now, rare. Lord argues that information economics’ tool kit, game theory – including well-known examples such as the Prisoners’ Dilemma, the Stag Hunt game and Follow the Leader – offers an analytical framework ideally suited to unpacking planning processes. This use of game theory to understand how counterparties interact draws together two distinct bodies of literature: firstly the mainstream economics treatment of games in abstract form and, secondly, accounts of actual bargaining in planning practice from a host of international empirical studies. Providing a novel alternative to existing theories of planning, The Planning Gameprovides an explanation of how agencies interact in shaping the trajectory of development through the application of game theory to planning practice.

The Expansion of Economics: Toward a More Inclusive Social Science

The Expansion of Economics: Toward a More Inclusive Social Science
Toward a More Inclusive Social Science

by Shoshana Grossbard-Shechtman,Christopher K. Clague

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-07-08
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1315499762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Economics, like most other social sciences, is not a pure discipline. Indeed, it has been enhanced by the fact that there is so much overlap between it and the related fields of business, industrial relations, political science, social psychology, and sociology. This book is the first attempt to explain how work in economics has influenced and benefited from a merging of economic analysis with the research practices of these related fields of study. With contributions from leading economists from around the world, it demonstrates how economics is leading the way toward a more unified social science.

Institutions and Economic Theory

Institutions and Economic Theory
The Contribution of the New Institutional Economics

by Eirik Grundtvig Furubotn,Rudolf Richter

  • Publisher : University of Michigan Press
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 556
  • ISBN : 9780472086801
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive introduction to and critical assessment of the theory and applications of the New Institutional Economics.

The Economics Of Cooperation

The Economics Of Cooperation
East Asian Development And The Case For Pro-market Intervention

by James Roumasset,Susan Barr

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-07-11
  • Pages : 207
  • ISBN : 1000244296
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the nature of institutional development as it promotes market growth. It is concerned with the nature of and the prospects for pro-market development planning, especially in East Asia, describing pro-market policies that enhance economic cooperation.

Conversations on Growth, Stability and Trade

Conversations on Growth, Stability and Trade
An Historical Perspective

by Brian Snowdon

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2002-01-01
  • Pages : 483
  • ISBN : 1843767422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is a splendid book. It sits at the interface of economics and economic history, and provides both a textbook-style introduction to the key themes of macroeconomics and personal insights into the central debates gleaned from interviews with leading economists. David Greasley, Australian Economic History Review It should be in every library. A hundred years from now, it will be an important guide to what leading economists thought they knew, and what they knew they didn't know as of A.D. 2002. Christopher Hanes, EH.Net Conversations on Growth, Stability and Trade is a wonderful survey of the development of macroeconomic thinking over the past decades. Brian Snowdon has a knack for combining insightful essays on a subject with interviews of interesting, relevant, and diverse economists. The interviews give one an excellent sense of how economists approach policy issues. David Colander, Middlebury College, US Conversations on Growth, Stability and Trade has all the lucidity of A Modern Guide to Macroeconomics by Snowdon, Vane and Wynarczyk, combined with the fascination of Conversations with Leading Economists by Snowdon and Vane. Students will love it and their teachers will devour it the night before the big lecture. If only I had learned macroeconomics this way. Mark Blaug, University of London and University of Buckingham, UK These well informed and highly readable interviews provide a great introduction to some of the big issues in modern economics. Roger E. Backhouse, University of Birmingham, UK This unique volume provides a comprehensive survey of the major economic issues that have helped shape the modern world. It includes discussions of the latest research findings in macroeconomics and scrutinises some of the most important debates in economic history. The author examines the many controversies relating to the role of government in a modern economy, long-run growth and development, the spread of the Industrial Revolution, the causes and consequences of the Great Depression , the Great Peacetime Inflation , the conduct of stabilisation policy, international economic integration and globalisation. To shed light on these major issues the volume contains interviews with ten leading economists who have each contributed extensively to the literature on macroeconomics, economic growth and development, international economics and economic history. A major theme which runs throughout the book is the conviction that economists can gain valuable insights concerning important contemporary policy issues from a knowledge of history, especially economic history. The distinguished economists featured in this book are: Ben Bernanke, Jagdish Bhagwati, Alan Blinder, Nick Crafts, Bradford DeLong, Barry Eichengreen, Kevin Hoover, Charles Jones, Christina Romer and Joseph Stiglitz. Containing an extensive and up-to-date list of references, the book provides a comprehensive guide to the modern literature on macroeconomics and related fields. It will be an essential reference for all scholars and students of economics, especially those with an interest in economic growth, business cycles, inflation, unemployment, trade and globalisation. It will also be of considerable value to students of economic history and the history of economic thought.

Resources in Education

Resources in Education
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Serves as an index to Eric reports [microform].

Leading Contemporary Economists

Leading Contemporary Economists
Economics at the Cutting Edge

by Steven Pressman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2008-10-03
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN : 1135974357
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book describes the important contributions of several contemporary economic figures including recent Nobel Laureates. Describing their work and putting it into an historical perspective, these chapters explain how their work constitutes a major contribution to the discipline of economics and how it has broadened economic science. Co-Editor of the Review of Political Economy, Steven Pressman has gathered together for the first time key chapters from the journal, discussing major figures such as Amartya Sen, Joseph Stiglitz, John Kenneth Galbraith, Thomas Schelling, Edmund Phelps and Robert Mundell. This volume is significant to the extent that it combines the study of the work of Nobel Laureates with the perspective of heterodox economists, including a comprehensive bibliography for the work of each economist covered.

Whither Socialism?

Whither Socialism?
A Book

by Joseph E. Stiglitz

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 9780262691826
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Expands on the Wicksell lectures presented at the Stockholm School of Economics in April 1990.

Frontiers of Development Economics

Frontiers of Development Economics
The Future in Perspective

by Gerald M. Meier,Joseph E. Stiglitz

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 575
  • ISBN : 9780195215922
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With contributions from 35 leading economists, this forward-looking book explores the future of development economics against the background of the past half-century of development thought and practice. Outstanding representatives of the past two generations of development economists assess development thinking at the turn of the century and look to the unsettled questions confronting the next generation.The volume offers a thorough analysis of the broad range of issues involved in development economics, and it is especially timely in its critique of what is needed in development theory and policy to reduce poverty. An overriding issue is whether in the future 'development economics' is to be regarded simply as applied economics or whether the nature and scope of development economics will constitute a need for a special development theory to supplement general economic theory.'Frontiers of Development Economics' is an ideal reference for all those working in the international development community.

An Integral Approach to Development Economics

An Integral Approach to Development Economics
Islamic Finance in an African Context

by Basheer A. Oshodi

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-04-15
  • Pages : 282
  • ISBN : 1317181840
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Developing economies such as those in sub-Saharan Africa are searching for realistic economic policy prescriptions. Despite economic growth in countries like Nigeria, poverty and unemployment blight the lives of many, in the midst of plenty. Simultaneously, much neo-classical economic thought is being questioned against the backdrop of global economic meltdown, giving rise to inquiry about more integral approaches to sustainable development. In An Integral Approach to Development Economics, Basheer Oshodi examines modernization theories, dependency theories, world system theories and emerging 21st century economic theories and links a neo-modern mix of economic thought with the practicalities of finance in parts of the World where poverty is rife. In a specifically African setting, over half of the population are Muslims, Oshodi considers Islamic finance in the context of the triple heritage of indigenous culture, Westernized Christianity, and Islam. He argues that the principles of Islamic banking and finance can be integrated with other elements of that heritage, focusing on meeting the challenges of poverty and unemployment. Islamic finance is not just a religiously-oriented, Sharia-compliant, alternative financial model. It can contribute to overall socio-economic transformation and a wider, people-centred approach to economic development. International organizations, financial institutions, reserve banks, policy makers, donor agencies and students will find resonance in this valuable addition to Gower’s Transformation and Innovation Series.

Readings in Development Microeconomics

Readings in Development Microeconomics
A Book

by Pranab Bardhan,Pranab K. Bardhan,Christopher Udry

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 367
  • ISBN : 9780262522823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Volume I of this two-volume set focuses on theoretical work. These two volumes of readings attempt to bring some degree of structure to a relatively diffuse field. Because of the sheer volume of high-quality work in development economics research, they are intended as a sampling of work at the frontier of the field, rather than as a comprehensive overview.Volume I: Micro-Theory focuses on theoretical work. Topics covered include sharecropping as a principle-agent problem, fragmented duopolies, credit market imperfections, poverty traps, peer monitoring in credit cooperatives, coordination failures, human capital accumulation as an engine of growth, and environmental issues in development.

Towards a New Paradigm in Monetary Economics

Towards a New Paradigm in Monetary Economics
A Book

by Joseph Stiglitz,Stiglitz, Joseph Eugene Stiglitz,Bruce Greenwald

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-09-04
  • Pages : 327
  • ISBN : 9780521008051
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A pioneer treatment of monetary economics written by two of world's leading authorities.

Peasants and Poverty (Routledge Revivals)

Peasants and Poverty (Routledge Revivals)
A Study of Haiti

by Mats Lundahl

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-05-15
  • Pages : 702
  • ISBN : 1317593901
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Haiti is a country which, until the earthquake of 2010, remained largely outside the focus of world interest and outside the important international historical currents during its existence as a free nation. The nineteenth century was the decisive period in Haitian history, serving to shape the class structure, the political tradition and the economic system. During most of this period, Haiti had little contact with both its immediate neighbours and the industrialised nations of the world, which led to the development of Haiti as a peasant nation. This title, first published in 1979, examines the factors responsible for the poverty of the Haitian peasant, by using both traditional economic models as well as a multidisciplinary approach incorporating economics and other branches of social science. The analysis deals primarily with the Haitian peasant economy from the early 1950s to the early 1970s, examining in depth the explanations for the secular tendency of rural per capita incomes to decline during this period.