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The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128225998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2020-08-20
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN : 0128225998
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials
A Book

by Vijay Kumar,Babulal Chaudhary,Vishal Sharma,Kartikey Verma

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-02-09
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 3030057704
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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​This book provides an introduction of how radiation is processed in polymeric materials, how materials properties are affected and how the resulting materials are analyzed. It covers synthesis, characterization, or modification of important materials, e.g. polycarbonates, polyamides and polysaccharides, using radiation. For example, a complete chapter is dedicated to the characterization of biodegradable polymers irradiated with low and heavy ions. This book will be beneficial to all polymer scientists in the development of new macromolecules and to all engineers using these materials in applications. It summarizes the fundamental knowledge and latest innovations in research fields from medicine to space.

Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
A Book

by Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-07-20
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 953512417X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers
Principles, Technology, and Applications

by Jiri George Drobny

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1455778826
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radiation processing is widely employed in plastics engineering to enhance the physical properties of polymers, such as chemical resistance, surface properties, mechanical and thermal properties, particle size reduction, melt properties, material compatibility, fire retardation, etc. Drobny introduces readers to the science of ionizing radiation and its effects on polymers, and explores the technologies available and their current and emerging applications. The resulting book is a valuable guide for a wide range of plastics engineers employing ionizing radiation for polymer treatment in a range of sectors including packaging, aerospace, defense, medical devices and energy applications. Radiation resistant polymers are also explored. Unlock the potential of ionizing radiation in applications such as electron-beam curing and laser joining Gain an understanding of the selection and safe use of radiation treatment equipment The only detailed guide to ionizing radiation written for the plastics engineering community

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules
A Book

by Malcolm Dole

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1483272265
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules, Volume II is a collection of papers that discusses radiation chemistry of specific systems. Part 1 deals with radiation chemistry of substituted vinyl polymers, particularly polypropylene (PP) as its structure is intermediate between polyethylene and polyisobutylene. This part also discusses polypropylene oxide (PPOx) for it can be prepared in the atactic, isotactic, and optically active forms. One paper focuses on the fundamental chemical processes and the changes in physical properties that give rise to many different applications of polystyrene. Another paper analyzes poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(isobutylene)—two important polymers of nongelling substances subject to radiation. Part 2 describes the radiation chemistry of some miscellaneous polymers including the formation of free radicals and their termination. One paper also considers the radiation chemistry of polytetrafluoroethyle (PTFE), which is widely used in industry. Part 3 discusses the effect of radiation on oxidation, mechanical properties, and physical state of polymers. Part 4 addresses macromolecules, particularly the radiation chemistry of biopolymers because of their role in radiation chemistry. The damage done to biopolymers through radiation can affect the responses of living organisms to ionizing radiation. This book can prove valuable to scientists and researchers in the fields of nuclear biology, nuclear science, microchemistry, and cellular biology.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
International Series of Monographs on Radiation Effects in Materials

by A. Charlesby

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-01-22
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 1483222799
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radiation Effects in Materials, Volume 1: Atomic Radiation and Polymers considers the theoretical and experimental studies on the association between polymers and atomic radiation. The use of radiation in polymer science constitutes a powerful tool for the quantitative study of macromolecules. This book consists of 31 chapters, and starts with a brief introduction to fundamentals of atomic radiation and polymer structure. The next chapters focus on some aspect of atomic radiation, including radiation units, radiation-matter interaction, and nuclear and electrical sources of radiation. A chapter presents the appropriate methods to study radiation chemistry and polymer. Considerable chapters are devoted to the molecular structure, chemistry, and reactions of polymers. This volume also describes some significant chemical changes of radiation. Other chapters explore the properties and reactions of various irradiated polymers. The remaining chapters deal with radiation protection effects in polymers, which are processes wherein small changes in chemical structure within a molecule or in its neighborhood can exert a disproportionately large influence on the overall chemical reactions. This book is of value to nuclear and solid state physicists, organic and polymer chemists, and nuclear engineers and radiobiologists.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
International Series of Monographs on Radiation Effects in Materials

by A. Charlesby

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-06-06
  • Pages : 570
  • ISBN : 1483181308
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Atomic Radiation and Polymers examines the effects of radiation on polymer materials. The title deals with chemical changes that took place when polymers are exposed to radiation, and how these changes affect the physical properties of the polymers. The text first covers the interaction of radiation and matter, along with radiation sources and dosimetry. Next, the selection deals with the general properties of long chain polymers. The text also details the organic molecules and irradiated polymers. Chapters 22 to 24 tackle the radiation-induced changes in nuclear chain reaction, while Chapter 25 discusses the irradiation of polymers in solution where both direct and indirect effects occur. The next series of chapters details the theoretical aspects of reactions between the initial acts of ionization or excitation. The last two chapters cover the conductivity change at low radiation intensities, along with the data on radiation damage at very high intensities. The book will be of great interest to researchers and practitioners from the field of nuclear science and polymer technology.

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications
A Book

by Keizo Makuuchi,Song Cheng

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-02-07
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN : 0470587695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text examines the effect of radiation on polymers and the versatility of its industrial applications. By helping readers understand and solve problems associated with radiation processing of polymers, it serves as an important reference and fills a gap in the literature. Radiation processing can significantly improve important properties of polymers, however, there are still misconceptions about processing polymers by using ionizing radiation. This book explains the radiation processing of polymeric materials used in many industrial products including cars, airplanes, computers, and TVs. It even addresses emerging "green" issues like biomaterials and hydrogels.

Radiation Technology for Advanced Materials:

Radiation Technology for Advanced Materials:
From Basic to Modern Applications

by Guozhong Wu,Maolin Zhai,Mozhen Wang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-11-26
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0128140186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Radiation Technology for Advanced Materials presents a range of radiation technology applications for advanced materials. The book aims to bridge the gap between researchers and industry, describing current uses and future prospects. It describes the mature radiation processing technology used in preparing heat shrinkable materials and in wire and cable materials, giving commercial cases. In addition, the book illustrates future applications, including high-performance fibers, special self-lubricating materials, special ultra-fine powder materials, civil fibers, natural polymeric materials, battery separator membranes, special filtration materials and metallic nanomaterials. Chapters cover radiation technology in high-performance fiber and functional textiles, radiation crosslinking and typical applications, radiation crosslinking for polymer foaming material, radiation degradation and application, radiation emulsion polymerization, radiation effects of ionic liquids, radiation technology in advanced new materials, and future prospects. Presents a range of radiation technology applications and their application to advanced materials Covers the mature radiation processing technology used to prepare heat shrinkable materials and wire cable materials, describing real-world commercial applications Shows the promising application of radiation technology in preparing high-performance Si and carbon fibers Describes the radiation degradation/radiation effect used to prepare fine powder materials Discusses radiation modification and radiation grafting techniques used to synthesize materials, such as civil fibers, natural polymeric materials and others

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications
A Book

by Boualem Djezzar

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2018-03-28
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 9535139533
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.

Radiation Chemistry of Polymers

Radiation Chemistry of Polymers
A Book

by V. S. Ivanov

  • Publisher : VSP
  • Release : 1992-06
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN : 9789067641371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Part of the series "New Concepts in Polymer Science", this volume contains information on the main theoretical and practical problems involved in radiation chemistry of polymers. The processes of polymerization and modification of polymers by grafting, crosslinking and degradation, induced by ionizing radiation, are all described, as well as the radiation resistance of polymers and their protection from radiation. The book also contains applications of radiation chemistry of polymers, such as: principles of selection of radiation-chemical processes for industrial use; choice of radiation sources for specific processes; modification of textile and film materials by grafting; manufacturing of heat-shrinkable, thermostable and mechanically strong polymer products; composites; rubber vulcanizates and self-adhesive products; paints and coatings; man-made fibres; materials for microelectronics; and polymer materials for medical purposes.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels
A Book

by Sutapa Biswas Majee

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9535125095
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers
A Book

by Laurence W. McKeen

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2013-06-21
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 145573005X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

An Introduction to Radiation Chemistry

An Introduction to Radiation Chemistry
A Book

by J. W. T. Spinks,R. J. Woods

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 1990-05-24
  • Pages : 574
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text on radiation chemistry covers a number of topics, including the development of radiation chemistry, sources of high-energy radiation, dosimetry, organic materials and solids and the applications of high-energy radiation in chemical synthesis and in commercial processes.

Gold Nanoparticles

Gold Nanoparticles
Reaching New Heights

by Mohammed Muzibur Rahman,Abdullah Mohammed Asiri

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2019-02-13
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 1789849985
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Gold Nanoparticles - Reaching New Heights contains recent research on the preparation, characterization, fabrication, and potential of optical and biological applications of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). It is promising novel research that has received a lot of interest over the last few decades. It covers advanced topics on optical, physical, medicinal, and biological applications of AuNPs. Development of green nanotechnology is generating the interest of researchers towards the synthesis of eco-friendly, safe, non-toxic applications, which can be used for manufacture at a large scale. These are simple, cost-effective, stable, enduring, and reproducible aqueous room temperature synthesis applications to obtain the self-assembly of AuNPs. This potentially unique work offers various approaches to R

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics
A Book

by S. L. Chaplot,P. S. R. Krishna,T. Sakuntala

  • Publisher : Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN : 9788173194863
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume covers the proceedings of the 44th Department of Atomic Engineering (DAE) Solid State Physics Symposium.With contributions of papers from institutions from around the world. Contains 316 research articles, including 28 invited papers, on a wide range of topics of current interest in solid state physics comprising the following categories: Phase Transitions Phonons Soft-condensed Matter Electronic Structure Novel Materials Superconductivity Experimental Techniques and Instrumentation Magnetism Liquids, Glasses and Amorphous Systems Transport Properties Relaxation Studies Semiconductor Physics Surface Science Key Features: Recent developments in Synchrotron Research Photo-electron Spectroscopy Newly emerging superconductors

Cell Culture Technology

Cell Culture Technology
A Book

by Cornelia Kasper,Verena Charwat,Antonina Lavrentieva

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-10-10
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 3319748548
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook provides an overview on current cell culture techniques, conditions, and applications specifically focusing on human cell culture. This book is based on lectures, seminars and practical courses in stem cells, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and 3D cell culture held at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna BOKU and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University Hannover, complemented by contributions from international experts, and therefore delivers in a compact and clear way important theoretical, as well as practical knowledge to advanced graduate students on cell culture techniques and the current status of research. The book is written for Master students and PhD candidates in biotechnology, tissue engineering and biomedicine working with mammalian, and specifically human cells. It will be of interest to doctoral colleges, Master- and PhD programs teaching courses in this area of research.

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition
A Book

by Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-02-03
  • Pages : 994
  • ISBN : 1466577231
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
The Shifting Research Frontiers

by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 1994-01-01
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0309049989
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.