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The Evolution of the Immune System

The Evolution of the Immune System
Conservation and Diversification

by Davide Malagoli

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-07-21
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 012802013X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Evolution of the Immune System: Conservation and Diversification is the first book of its kind that prompts a new perspective when describing and considering the evolution of the immune system. Its unique approach summarizes, updates, and provides new insights on the different immune receptors, soluble factors, and immune cell effectors. Helps the reader gain a modern idea of the evolution of the immune systems in pluricellular organisms Provides a complete overview of the most studied and hot topics in comparative and evolutionary immunology Reflects the organisation of the immune system (cell-based, humoral [innate], humoral [adaptive]) without introducing further and misleading levels of organization Brings concepts and ideas on the evolution of the immune system to a wide readership

NF- KB C-Rel Dependent Gene Induction in the Immune Response

NF- KB C-Rel Dependent Gene Induction in the Immune Response
A Book

by Kevin Jason Williams

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Primordial VRM System and the Evolution of Vertebrate Immunity

The Primordial VRM System and the Evolution of Vertebrate Immunity
A Book

by John Stewart

  • Publisher : R G Landes Company
  • Release : 1994
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses the evolutionary origin of immunoglobulins and T-cell receptors. The complex interactions between B and T cells in response to external antigens are the major focus of contemporary immunology. This book argues that these interactions may be relatively late evolutionary developments, due to the redeployment of a system invented for other reasons. In other words immunoglobulins did not arise in evolution to fight infection. The author theorizes that the system of variable region moleculars (VRM) arose at the time of the first vertebrates by an endogenous, self-organizing process. This primordial VRM system instituted a molecular ecology, a function so vital that from then on no vertebrate has been able to do without it.

Primitive Immune Systems

Primitive Immune Systems
A Book

by Jules Hoffmann

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 303
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Immunity in Evolution

Immunity in Evolution
A Book

by John J. Marchalonis

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Evolution of Immune Reactions

Evolution of Immune Reactions
A Book

by Petr Sima,Vaclav Vetvicka

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1990-08-27
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9780849365935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book on phylogeny and immunity reconstructs the history and evolutionary pathways of immunity among the various forms of life. The authors argue that the immunity could have evolved different adequately successful patterns in the animal sub-regnum which are strictly determined by the morpho-physiological possibilities of the animals. They state that the vertebrate type of immunity evolved only in the chordate branch. The publication devotes special attention to the arthropods and molluscs, as they have attracted more investigative efforts than any other invertebrate taxa. The authors selected Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, and Osteichthyes from the vertebrate taxa in order to show where and how the morphofunctional basis of the truly adapative immunity of the endothermic tetrapods gradually evolved. Each chapter gives the description of the origin and interrelationships of the representatives of the taxon in question. Also given are the main biological, morphological, non-morphological and immune attributes. Emphasized throughout the book is the central idea that immunological reactions are a part of the overall biological phenomena and should be studied only from this aspect. The authors express that the fields of comparative and evolutionary immunology will provide inspiration for further investigations in biomedicine in the near future.

Evolutionary Concepts in Immunology

Evolutionary Concepts in Immunology
A Book

by Robert Jack,Louis Du Pasquier

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-06-13
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 3030186679
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Immunology is a nodal subject that links many areas of biology. It permeates the biosciences, and also plays crucial roles in diagnosis and therapy in areas of clinical medicine ranging from the control of infectious and autoimmune diseases to tumour therapy. Monoclonal antibodies and small molecule modulators of immunity are major factors in the pharmaceutical industry and now constitute a multi billion dollar business. Students in these diverse areas are frequently daunted by the complexity of immunology and the astonishing array of unusual mechanisms that go to make it up. Starting from Dobzhansky’s famous slogan, “Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution”, this book will serve to illuminate how evolutionary forces shaped immunity and thus provide an explanation for how many of its counter intuitive oddities arose. By doing so it will provide a conceptual framework on which students may organise the rapidly growing flood of immunological knowledge.

Genetic Diversity and Genomics of the Immune Response

Genetic Diversity and Genomics of the Immune Response
A Book

by Daniel E. Geroghty

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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COGANN-92

COGANN-92
International Workshop on Combinations of Genetic Algorithms and Neural Networks, June 6, 1992, Baltimore, Maryland

by L. Darrell Whitley,James David Schaffer

  • Publisher : IEEE Computer Society
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 265
  • ISBN : 9780818627873
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Evolutionary Biology of Parasitism

The Evolutionary Biology of Parasitism
A Book

by A. E. Keymer,A. F. Read,Leslie H. Chappell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1990
  • Pages : 115
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Immune System

Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Immune System
A Book

by L. Du Pasquier,G.W. Litman

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 3642596746
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The comparative approach to immunology can be traced to the era of Pasteur and Metchnikov in which observations regarding foreign recognition in invertebrates was a factor in the develop ment of the principal concepts that created the foundation of what now is the broad field of immunology. With each major experimental and conceptual breakthrough, the classical, albeit essential, question has been asked "are the immune systems of phylogenetically primitive vertebrates and invertebrates similar to that of mammals?" Somewhat surprisingly for the jawed verte brates, the general answer has been a qualified form of "yes", whereas for agnathans and invertebrate phyla it has been "no" so far. The apparent abruptness in the appearance of the immune system of vertebrates is linked to the introduction of the somatic generation of the diversity of its antigen specific receptors. Therefore the questions regarding the origin and evolution of the specific immune system revolve around this phenomenon. With respect to the origin of the system (aside from the or igin of the rearranging machinery itself, the study of which is still in its infancy) one can ask questions about the cellular and mo lecular contexts in which the mechanism was introduced.

Dialogue and Universalism

Dialogue and Universalism
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia : Knowledge in depth

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia : Knowledge in depth
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 794
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Immunity

Immunity
The Evolution of an Idea

by Alfred I. Tauber

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-01-02
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0190651261
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Modern immunology traditionally conceives of the immune system as providing defense against pathogens. Alfred I. Tauber criticizes this conception of immunity as too narrow, because it discounts much of the immune system's other normal functions. These include active tolerance of nutritional exchanges with the environment and the stabilization of cooperative relationships with resident micro-organisms. An expanded account extends immunity's functional role from singular 'defense' to broadened discernment of environmental 'exchange.' This ecological perspective has profound theoretical implications, for the basic notion of immune identity is reconfigured: highlighting the organism as a holobiont (a consortium of diverse organisms living in cooperative relationships) challenges prevailing concepts of individuality and the self/nonself dichotomy heretofore organizing immune theory. Indeed, if theoretical interest is focused on the challenges of maintaining immune balance in the full ecological context of the organism, then immune regulation assumes new complexity. Tauber maintains that the key to unravelling that puzzle requires a critical re-assessment of the cognitive processes that underlie immune effector functions. Accordingly, he provides the outline of a re-formulated 'cognitive paradigm' that dispenses with agent-based models and adopts an ecologically conceived understanding of perception and information processing. The implications of this revised configuration of immunity and its deconstructed notions of individuality and selfhood have wide significance for philosophers and life scientists working in immunology, ecology, and the cognitive sciences.

Traipsing Into Evolution

Traipsing Into Evolution
Intelligent Design and the Kitzmiller V. Dover Decision

by David K. DeWolf,John G. West,Casey Luskin,Jonathan Witt

  • Publisher : Discovery Inst
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 124
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is is a legal critique of of the factual and legal flaws in Judge John E. Jones III's Kitzmiller et al. v. Dover Area School Board (2005), a controversial district court decision about the teaching of intelligent design in public schools. - Publisher.

Viral Diseases in South-East Asia and the Western Pacific

Viral Diseases in South-East Asia and the Western Pacific
Proceedings of an International Seminar on Viral Diseases in South-East Asia and the Western Pacific, Held in Canberra, Australia, 8-12 February 1982

by John S. Mackenzie

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 751
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 1997 IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, June 9-12, 1997, Westin Galleria Hotel, Houston, Texas, USA.

The 1997 IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks, June 9-12, 1997, Westin Galleria Hotel, Houston, Texas, USA.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1997
  • Pages : 2570
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The New Encyclopaedia Britannica

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica
A Book

by Encyclopaedia Britannica, inc

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regulation of the Antibody Response

Regulation of the Antibody Response
A Book

by Bernhard Cinader

  • Publisher : Springfield, Ill. : C.C. Thomas
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chemica Scripta

Chemica Scripta
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1986
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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