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The Fossil Fuel Revolution

The Fossil Fuel Revolution
Shale Gas and Tight Oil

by Daniel J. Soeder,Scyller J. Borglum

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2019-08-06
  • Pages : 354
  • ISBN : 0128153989
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Fossil Fuel Revolution: Shale Gas and Tight Oil describes the remarkable new energy resources being obtained from shale gas and tight oil through a combination of directional drilling and staged hydraulic fracturing, opening up substantial new energy reserves for the 21st Century. The book includes the history of shale gas development, the technology used to economically recover hydrocarbons, and descriptions of the ten primary shale gas resources of the United States. International shale resources, environmental concerns, and policy issues are also addressed. This book is intended as a reference on shale gas and tight oil for industry members, undergraduate and graduate students, engineers and geoscientists. Provides a cross-cutting view of shale gas and tight oil in the context of geology, petroleum engineering, and the practical aspects of production Includes a comprehensive description of productive and prospective shales in one book, allowing readers to compare and contrast production from different shale plays Addresses environmental and policy issues and compares alternative energy resources in terms of economics and sustainability Features an extensive resource list of peer-reviewed references, websites, and journals provided at the end of each chapter

Fracking and the Environment

Fracking and the Environment
A scientific assessment of the environmental risks from hydraulic fracturing and fossil fuels

by Daniel J. Soeder

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-11-11
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 3030591212
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book provides a systematic scientific approach to the understanding of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) as a hydrocarbon extraction technology and its impact on the environment. The book addresses research from the past decade to assess how fracking can affect air, water, landscapes and ecosystems, and presents the subject in the context of the history of fracking and shale gas development in the United States, describing what is known and not known about environmental impacts, and the broader implications of fossil energy use, climate change, and technology development. In 9 chapters, the author lays out how and why hydraulic fracturing was developed, what driving forces existed at the beginning of the so-called "shale revolution", how success was achieved, and when and why public acceptance of the technology changed. The intended audience is scientific people who are concerned about fracking, but perhaps do not know all that much about it. It is also intended for lay people who would be interested in understanding the technical details of the process and what effects it might or might not be having on the environment. The book is written at a level that is both understandable and technically correct. A further goal is to give some useful insights even to experienced petroleum geologists and engineers who have been doing fracking for many years.

Water Quality Impacts of the Energy-Water Nexus

Water Quality Impacts of the Energy-Water Nexus
A Book

by Avner Vengosh,Erika Weinthal

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2022-02-24
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1009063995
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and water have been fundamental to powering the global economy and building modern society. This cross-disciplinary book provides an integrated assessment of the different scientific and policy tools around the energy-water nexus. It focuses on how water use, and wastewater and waste solids produced from fossil fuel energy production affect water quality and quantity. Summarizing cutting edge research, it describes the scientific methods for detecting contamination sources in the context of policy and regulations. The authors highlight the growing evidence that fossil fuel production, from both conventional and unconventional sources, leads to water quality degradation, while regulations for the water and energy sector remain fractured and highly variable across and within countries. This volume will be a key reference for scholars, industry professionals, environmental consultants and policy makers seeking information on the risks associated with the energy cycle and its impact on the environment, particularly water resources.

Energy and Society

Energy and Society
A Critical Perspective

by Gavin Bridge,Stewart Barr,Stefan Bouzarovski,Michael Bradshaw,Ed Brown,Harriet Bulkeley,Gordon Walker

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-05-30
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN : 1351019007
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy and Society is the first major text to provide an extensive critical treatment of energy issues informed by recent research on energy in the social sciences. Written in an engaging and accessible style it draws new thinking on uneven development, consumption, vulnerability and transition together to illustrate the social significance of energy systems in the global North and South. The book features case studies, examples, discussion questions, activities, recommended reading and more, to facilitate its use in teaching. Energy and Society deploys contemporary geographical concepts and approaches but is not narrowly disciplinary. Its critical perspective highlights connections between energy and significant socio-economic and political processes, such as globalisation, urban isation, international development and social justice, and connects important issues that are often treated in isolation, such as resource availability, energy security, energy access and low-carbon transition. Co-authored by leading researchers and based on current research and thinking in the social sciences, Energy and Society presents a distinctive geographical approach to contemporary energy issues. It is an essential resource for upperlevel undergraduates and Master’s students in geography, environmental studies, urban studies, energy studies and related fields.

Energy, Capitalism and World Order

Energy, Capitalism and World Order
Toward a New Agenda in International Political Economy

by Jesse Salah Ovadia,Tim Di Muzio

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-01-10
  • Pages : 254
  • ISBN : 1137539151
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This original, timely and innovative collection is the first to offer critical IPE perspectives on the interconnections between energy, capitalism and the future of world order. The authors discuss the importance of energy for our understanding of the global political economy, climate change and key new developments like 'fracking'.

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century

Geo-economics and Power Politics in the 21st Century
The Revival of Economic Statecraft

by Mikael Wigell,Sören Scholvin,Mika Aaltola

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2018-07-06
  • Pages : 250
  • ISBN : 1351172263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Starting from the key concept of geo-economics, this book investigates the new power politics and argues that the changing structural features of the contemporary international system are recasting the strategic imperatives of foreign policy practice. States increasingly practice power politics by economic means. Whether it is about Iran’s nuclear programme or Russia’s annexation of Crimea, Western states prefer economic sanctions to military force. Most rising powers have also become cunning agents of economic statecraft. China, for instance, is using finance, investment and trade as means to gain strategic influence and embed its global rise. Yet the way states use economic power to pursue strategic aims remains an understudied topic in International Political Economy and International Relations. The contributions to this volume assess geo-economics as a form of power politics. They show how power and security are no longer simply coupled to the physical control of territory by military means, but also to commanding and manipulating the economic binds that are decisive in today’s globalised and highly interconnected world. Indeed, as the volume shows, the ability to wield economic power forms an essential means in the foreign policies of major powers. In so doing, the book challenges simplistic accounts of a return to traditional, military-driven geopolitics, while not succumbing to any unfounded idealism based on the supposedly stabilising effects of interdependence on international relations. As such, it advances our understanding of geo-economics as a strategic practice and as an innovative and timely analytical approach. This book will be of much interest to students of security studies, international political economy, foreign policy and International Relations in general.

Petrochemistry

Petrochemistry
Petrochemical Processing, Hydrocarbon Technology and Green Engineering

by Martin Bajus

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-03-02
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1119647762
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive textbook on petrochemical conversion processes for petroleum and natural gas fractions as produced by refinery operations This innovative textbook provides essential links between the chemical sciences and chemical technology, between petrochemistry and hydrocarbon technology. The book brings alive key concepts forming the basis of chemical technology and presents a solid background for innovative process development. In all chapters, the processes described are accompanied by simplified flow schemes, encouraging students to think in terms of conceptual process designs. Petrochemistry: Petrochemical Processing, Hydrocarbon Technology and Green Engineering introduces students to a variety of topics related to the petrochemical industry, hydrocarbon processing, fossil fuel resources, as well as fuels and chemicals conversion. The first chapter covers the fundamentals and principals for designing several of the processes in the book, including discussions on thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, reactor calculations, and industrial catalysts. The following chapters address recent advances in hydrocarbon technology, energy technology, and sources of hydrocarbons. The book then goes on to discuss the petrochemical industry based on four basic pillars, all derived from petroleum and natural gas: Production of lower alkenes; other sources of lower alkenes; petrochemicals from C2-C3 alkenes Production of BTX aromatics; chemicals from BTX aromatics C1 technology Diversification of petrochemicals The growing importance of sustainable technology, process intensification and addressing greenhouse gas emissions is reflected throughout the book. Written for advanced students working in the areas of petrochemistry, hydrocarbon technology, natural gas, energy materials and technologies, alternative fuels, and recycling technologies the book is also a valuable reference for industrial practitioners in the oil and gas industry.

The Changing Security Dynamics of the Persian Gulf

The Changing Security Dynamics of the Persian Gulf
A Book

by Kristian Coates Ulrichsen

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-02-01
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 0190911379
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The contradictory trends of the 'post-Arab Spring' landscape form both the backdrop to, and the focus of, this volume on the changing security dynamics of the Persian Gulf, defined as the six GCC states plus Iraq and Iran. The political and economic upheaval triggered by the uprisings of 2011, and the rapid emergence of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria in 2014, have underscored the vulnerability of regional states to an intersection of domestic pressures and external shocks. The initial phase of the uprisings has given way to a series of messy and uncertain transitions that have left societies deeply fractured and ignited violence both within and across states. The bulk of the protests, with the notable exception of Bahrain, occurred outside the Gulf region, but Persian Gulf states were at the forefront of the political, economic, and security response across the Middle East. This volume provides a timely and comparative study of how security in the Persian Gulf has evolved and adapted to the growing uncertainty of the post-2011 regional landscape.

Energy Security, Trade and the EU

Energy Security, Trade and the EU
Regional and International Perspectives

by Rafael Leal-Arcas,Costantino Grasso,Juan Alemany Ríos

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2016-10-28
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1785366742
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy security is a burning issue in a world where 1.4 billion people still have no access to electricity. This book is about finding solutions for energy security through the international trading system. Focusing mainly on the European Union as a case study, this holistic and comprehensive analysis of the existing legal and geopolitical instruments strives to identify the shortcomings of the international and EU energy trade governance systems, concluding with the notion of a European Energy Union and what the EU is politically prepared to accept as part of its unified energy security.

The Oxford Handbook of Sovereign Wealth Funds

The Oxford Handbook of Sovereign Wealth Funds
A Book

by Douglas J. Cumming,Geoffrey Wood,Igor Filatotchev,Juliane Reinecke

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2017-10-26
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN : 0191070823
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWFs) represent both an increasingly important - and potentially dominant - category of alternative investor, and a novel form for governments to project their interests both home and abroad. As such, they represent both economic actors and embody power vested in the financial and diplomatic resources they can leverage. Although at times they have acted in concert with other alternative investors, their intergenerational savings function should, in theory at least, promote more long-termist thinking. However, they may be impelled in towards greater short termism, in response to popular pressures, demands from predatory elites and/or unforeseen external shocks. Of all the categories of alternative investment, SWFs perhaps embody the most contradictory pressures, making for diverse and complex outcomes. The aim of this volume is to consolidate the present state of the art, and advance the field through new applied, conceptual and theoretical insights. The volume is ordered into chapters that explore thematic issues and country studies, incorporating novel insights in on the most recent developments in the SWF ecosystem. This handbook is organized into four sections and 23 chapters. The four sections are: Governance of SWFs, Political and Legal Aspects of SWFs, Investment Choices and Structures of SWFs, Country and Regional Analyses of SWFs.

Fossil Fuels in the Arab World: Seasons Reversed

Fossil Fuels in the Arab World: Seasons Reversed
A Book

by Basel Asmar

  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release : 2017-05-05
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 0956736815
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the previous book "Fossil Fuels in the Arab World: Facts and Fiction," an assessment of mankind's dependence on fossil fuels was performed - particularly the position of Arab countries in this international industry. Several questions were posed then, identifying whether or not fossil fuel producing countries of the Arab world were an indispensable energy supplier and if the answer or beliefs around that question were behind Western policies towards the Arab world. In this book the questions posed 5 years ago from three perspectives: market fundamentals, understanding the fossil fuel market fundamentals and the place of the Arab world within that; political influences, corruption & cultural norms in business dealings, the developing democracy and militarisation in the Arab world and their interplay with oil and gas are addressed and finally, public relations, perceptions or concerns, where climate change and alternative energy questions are explored in detail.

New Energy, New Geopolitics

New Energy, New Geopolitics
Balancing Stability and Leverage

by Sarah O. Ladislaw,Maren Leed,Molly A. Walton

  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
  • Release : 2015-05-15
  • Pages : 64
  • ISBN : 1442228369
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This report evaluates the energy and geopolitical shifts that have arisen from the production of shale gas and light tight oil in the United States.

The TESLA revolution

The TESLA revolution
why big oil is losing the energy war

by Rembrandt Koppelaar,Willem Middelkoop

  • Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
  • Release : 2017-04-05
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9048531969
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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We burnt our oil supplies up so fast that the era of cheap oil is over. Finally there is a widespread recognition for the need to move to a post-fossil fuel age. Yet promises of too cheap to meter nuclear, household power stations, the hydrogen economy, or abundant bio-based fuels, all remain dreams. Is there still hope that humanity can bring about a renewable energy revolution? Or will fossil fuels remain the driving force behind energy expansion and global politics? The Tesla Revolution will help to understand the future direction of our energy systems. In tracing rapid technological advances in batteries and solar technologies, energy flows in economies, geopolitical repercussions and the political decisions present and missing to bring an energy revolution ever closer. A picture emerges of a transition that in our lifespans will reshape economies, global power relations, and even affect day to day lives and values.

Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations

Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations
Adjusting to the Shale Revolution in a Green World

by James A. Jacobs,Stephen M. Testa

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2019-04-05
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN : 1119336104
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to environmental and communication issues related to fracking and the best approach to protect communities Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations offers a much-needed resource that explores the complex challenges of fracking by providing an understanding of the environmental and communication issues that are inherent with hydraulic fracturing. The book balances the current scientific knowledge with the uncertainty and risks associated with hydraulic fracking. In addition, the authors offer targeted approaches for helping to keep communities safe. The authors include an overview of the historical development of hydraulic fracturing and the technology currently employed. The book also explores the risk, prevention, and mitigation factors that are associated with fracturing. The authors also include legal cases, regulatory issues, and data on the cost of recovery. The volume presents audit checklists for gathering critical information and documentation to support the reliability of the current environmental conditions related to fracking operations and the impact fracking can have on a community. This vital resource: Contains the technical information and mitigation recommendations for safety and environmental issues related to hydraulic fracturing Offers an historical overview of conventional and unconventional oil and gas drilling Explains the geologic and technical issues associated with fracking of tight sand and shale formulations Presents numerous case studies from the United States EPA and other agencies Discusses issues of co-produced waste water and induced seismicity from the injection of wastewater Written for environmental scientists, geologists, engineers, regulators, city planners, attorneys, foresters, wildlife biologists, and others, Environmental Considerations Associated with Hydraulic Fracturing Operations offers a comprehensive resource to the complex environmental and communication issues related to fracking.

Water and Energy

Water and Energy
Threats and Opportunities

by Gustaf Olsson

  • Publisher : IWA Publishing
  • Release : 2015-06-14
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 1780406932
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Rapid and important developments in the area of energy - water nexus over the last two to three years have been significant. This new edition of Water and Energy: Threats and Opportunities is timely and continues to highlight the inextricable link between water and energy, providing an up-to-date overview of the subject with helpful detailed summaries of the technical literature. Water and Energy has been up-dated throughout and major changes are: new chapters on global warming and fossil fuels, including shale gas and fracking; the consequences of the Deepwater Horizon accident in the Mexican Gulf and the Niger Delta oil spills; new developments in hydropower; and continued competition between food, water and energy. Water and Energy Threats and Opportunities, 2e creates an awareness of the important couplings between water and energy. It shows how energy is used in all the various water cycle operations and demonstrates how water is used and misused in all kinds of energy production and generation.Population increase, climate change and an increasing competition between food and fuel production create enormous pressures on both water and energy availability. Since there is no replacement for water, water security looks more crucial than energy security. This is true not only in developing countries but also in the most advanced countries. For example, the western parts of the USA suffer from water scarcity that provides a real security threat. Part One of the book describes the water-energy nexus, the conflicts and competitions and the couplings between water security, energy security, and food security. Part Two captures how climate change, population increase and the growing food demand will have major impact on water availability in many countries in the world. Part Three describes water for energy and how energy production and conversion depend on water availability. As a consequence, all planning has to take both water and energy into consideration. The environmental (including water) consequences of oil and coal exploration and refining are huge, in North America as well as in the rest of the world. Furthermore, oil leak accidents have hit America, Africa, Europe as well as Asia. The consequences of hydropower are discussed and the competition between hydropower generation, flood control and water storage is illustrated. The importance of water for cooling thermal power plants is described, as this was so tragically demonstrated at the Fukushima nuclear plants in 2011. Climate change will further emphasize the strong coupling between water availability and the operation of power plants. Part Four analyses energy for water - how water production and treatment depend on energy. The book shows that a lot can be done to improve equipment, develop processes and apply advanced monitoring and control to save energy for water operations. Significant amounts of energy can be saved by better pumping, the reduction of leakages, controlled aeration in biological wastewater treatment, more efficient biogas production, and by improved desalination processes. There are 3 PowerPoint presentations available for Water and Energy - threats and opportunities, 2e. About the author Gustaf Olsson, Professor Em. in Industrial Automation, Lund University, Sweden Since 2006, Gustaf has been Professor Emeritus at Lund University, Sweden. Gustaf has devoted his research to control and automation in water systems, electrical power systems and process industries. From 2006 to 2008 he was part time professor in electrical power systems at Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. He is guest professor at the Technical University of Malaysia (UTM) and at the Tsinghua University in Beijing, China and he is an honorary faculty member of the Exeter University in UK. Between 2005 and 2010 he was the editor-in-chief of the journals Water Science and Technology and Water Science and Technology/Water Supply, (IWA Publishing). From 2007 to 2010, he was a member of the IWA Board of Directors and in 2010 he received the IWA Publication Award. In 2012 he was the awardee of an Honorary Doctor degree at UTM and an Honorary Membership of IWA. Gustaf has guided 23 PhDs and a few hundred MSc students through their exams and has received the Lund University pedagogical award for distinguished achievements in the education". The Lund University engineering students elected him as the teacher of the year He has spent extended periods as a guest professor and visiting researcher at universities and companies in the USA, Australia and Japan and has been invited as a guest lecturer in 19 countries outside Sweden. He has authored nine books published in English, Russian, German and Chinese and and contributed with chapters in another 19 books as well as more than 170 scientific publications.

Energy for Sustainable Development

Energy for Sustainable Development
Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management

by Md Hasanuzzaman

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-06-15
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN : 0128146451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy for Sustainable Development: Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management presents a comprehensive look at recent developments and provides guidance on energy demand, supply, analysis and forecasting of modern energy technologies for sustainable energy conversion. The book analyzes energy management techniques and the economic and environmental impact of energy usage and storage. Including modern theories and the latest technologies used in the conversion of energy for traditional fossil fuels and renewable energy sources, this book provides a valuable reference on recent innovations. Researchers, engineers and policymakers will find this book to be a comprehensive guide on modern theories and technologies for sustainable development. Uniquely covers Energy Demand, Supply, Conversion and Management in one complete reference Offers relevant information for both undergraduate and postgraduate programs on energy conversion, making it a key reference for study Includes extensive coverage that links energy conversion with efficiency and management through storage, savings, economics and environmental impact

Global Energy

Global Energy
Issues, Potentials, and Policy Implications

by Paul Ekins,Mike Bradshaw,Jim Watson

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2015-09-17
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 019103021X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy, and access to energy, are essential to human life, civilisation and development. A number of energy issues - including energy security, energy prices and the polluting emissions for energy use - now have high prominence on global agendas of policy and diplomacy. In addressing these and other global energy issues, the purpose of this book is to lay out the broad global energy landscape, exploring how these issues might develop in coming decades, and the implications of such developments for energy policy. There are great uncertainties, which will be identified, in respect of some of these issues, but many of the defining characteristics of the landscape are clear, and the energy policies of all countries will need to be broadly consistent with these if they are to be feasible and achieve their objectives. The book therefore provides information about and analysis of energy and related resources, and the technologies that have been and are being developed to exploit them that is essential to understanding how the global energy system is developing, and how it might develop in the future. But its main focus is the critical economic, social, political and cultural issues that will determine how energy systems will develop and which technologies are deployed, why, by whom, and who will benefit from them. The book has three Parts. Part I sets out the current global context for energy system developments, outlining the essential trends of global energy supply and demand, and atmospheric emissions, from the past and going forward, and their driving forces. Part II explores the options and choices, covering both energy demand and energy supply, facing national and international policymakers as they confront the challenges of the global context outlined in Part I. Part III of the book brings together the discussion in Parts I and II with consideration of possible global energy and environmental futures, and of the energy policy choices which will determine which future actually comes to pass.

Shale Oil and Gas Handbook

Shale Oil and Gas Handbook
Theory, Technologies, and Challenges

by Sohrab Zendehboudi,Alireza Bahadori

  • Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
  • Release : 2016-11-19
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 0128021136
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Shale Oil and Gas Handbook: Theory, Technologies, and Challenges provides users with information on how shale oil and gas exploration has revolutionized today’s energy industry. As activity has boomed and job growth continues to increase, training in this area for new and experienced engineers is essential. This book provides comprehensive information on both the engineering design and research aspects of this emerging industry. Covering the full spectrum of basic definitions, characteristics, drilling techniques, and processing and extraction technologies, the book is a great starting point to educate oil and gas personnel on today’s shale industry. Critical topics covered include characterization of shale gas, theory and methods, typical costs, and obstacles for exploration and drilling, R&D and technology development in shale production, EOR methods in shale oil reservoirs, and the current status and impending challenges for shale oil and gas, including the inevitable future prospects relating to worldwide development. Reveals all the basic information needed to quickly understand today’s shale oil and gas industry, including advantages and disadvantages, equipment and costs, flow diagrams, and processing stages Evenly distributes coverage between oil and gas into two parts, as well as upstream and downstream content Provides a practical handbook with real-world case studies and problem examples, including formulas and calculations

The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics

The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics
A Book

by Kathleen J. Hancock,Juliann Emmons Allison

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2020-12-02
  • Pages : 672
  • ISBN : 019086138X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The global, regional, and local energy landscape has changed dramatically in the twenty-first century. Many factors have affected what we know about energy: a consensus among scientists on climate change and related support for renewable energy, evolving energy and resource extraction technologies, growing resource demand in the developing world, new regional and global energy governance actors, new major fossil fuel discoveries on land and underwater in states that have previously been under-resourced, rising interest in corporate social responsibility in energy companies, and the need for energy justice. The Oxford Handbook of Energy Politics synthesizes the diverse literature on these topics to provide a foundational resource for teaching and research on critical energy issues in international relations and comparative politics. Through chapters authored by both scholars and practitioners, the Handbook further develops the energy politics scholarship and community, and generates sophisticated new work that will benefit all who work on energy issues.

The Politics and Institutions of Global Energy Governance

The Politics and Institutions of Global Energy Governance
A Book

by Thijs Van de Graaf

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2013-10-04
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 1137320737
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From climate change over shale gas to the race for the Arctic, energy makes headlines in international politics almost daily. Thijs Van de Graaf argues that energy is in dire need of global governance. He traces the history of international energy cooperation from the notorious 'Seven Sisters' oil-companies cartel to the recent creation of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). He analyses how international institutions have been created for securing oil rents, coordinating consumer-countries' energy security policies, promoting producer-consumer dialogue, managing regional gas markets, and dealing with energy-related environmental externalities. Drawing on the emerging regime complexity literature, he constructs a novel analytical framework to explain the fragmented architecture of global energy governance, and studies prospects for institutional reform at the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the G8/G20.