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The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology

The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology
A Book

by Donald M. Mattox

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2004-04-26
  • Pages : 150
  • ISBN : 9783540204107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Foundations of Vacuum Coating Technology is a concise review of the developments that have led to the wide variety of applications of this technology. This book is a must for materials scientists and engineers working with vacuum coating in the invention of new technologies or applications in all industries. With over 370 references, this is an excellent starting point for those who don’t want to reinvent the wheel. In particular, the book is a valuable reference for those interested in researching proposed or existing patents. This unique book provides a starting point for more in-depth surveys of past and recent work in all aspects of vacuum coating. The author uses his extensive knowledge of the subject to draw comparisons and place the information into the proper context. This is particularly important for the patent literature where the terminology does not always match industry jargon. A section of acronyms for vacuum coating and glossary of terms at the end of the book are critical additions to the information every reader needs.

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing

Handbook of Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Processing
A Book

by Donald M. Mattox

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2010-04-29
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN : 0815520387
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This updated version of the popular handbook further explains all aspects of physical vapor deposition (PVD) process technology from the characterizing and preparing the substrate material, through deposition processing and film characterization, to post-deposition processing. The emphasis of the new edition remains on the aspects of the process flow that are critical to economical deposition of films that can meet the required performance specifications, with additional information to support the original material. The book covers subjects seldom treated in the literature: substrate characterization, adhesion, cleaning and the processing. The book also covers the widely discussed subjects of vacuum technology and the fundamentals of individual deposition processes. However, the author uniquely relates these topics to the practical issues that arise in PVD processing, such as contamination control and film growth effects, which are also rarely discussed in the literature. In bringing these subjects together in one book, the reader can understand the interrelationship between various aspects of the film deposition processing and the resulting film properties. The author draws upon his long experience with developing PVD processes and troubleshooting the processes in the manufacturing environment, to provide useful hints for not only avoiding problems, but also for solving problems when they arise. He uses actual experiences, called "war stories", to emphasize certain points. Special formatting of the text allows a reader who is already knowledgeable in the subject to scan through a section and find discussions that are of particular interest. The author has tried to make the subject index as useful as possible so that the reader can rapidly go to sections of particular interest. Extensive references allow the reader to pursue subjects in greater detail if desired. The book is intended to be both an introduction for those who are new to the field and a valuable resource to those already in the field. The discussion of transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing provided in Appendix 1, will be of special interest to the manager or engineer responsible for moving a PVD product and process from R&D into production. Appendix 2 has an extensive listing of periodical publications and professional societies that relate to PVD processing. The extensive Glossary of Terms and Acronyms provided in Appendix 3 will be of particular use to students and to those not fully conversant with the terminology of PVD processing or with the English language. Fully revised and updated to include the latest developments in PVD process technology ‘War stories’ drawn from the author’s extensive experience emphasize important points in development and manufacturing Appendices include listings of periodicals and professional societies, terms and acronyms, and material on transferring technology between R&D and manufacturing

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin-film Systems and Coatings

Modern Technologies for Creating the Thin-film Systems and Coatings
A Book

by Nikolay Nikitenkov

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2017-03-08
  • Pages : 444
  • ISBN : 953513003X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Development of the thin film and coating technologies (TFCT) made possible the technological revolution in electronics and through it the revolution in IT and communications in the end of the twentieth century. Now, TFCT penetrated in many sectors of human life and industry: biology and medicine; nuclear, fusion, and hydrogen energy; protection against corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement; jet engine; space materials science; and many others. Currently, TFCT along with nanotechnologies is the most promising for the development of almost all industries. The 20 chapters of this book present the achievements of thin-film technology in many areas mentioned above but more than any other in medicine and biology and energy saving and energy efficiency.

A User's Guide to Vacuum Technology

A User's Guide to Vacuum Technology
A Book

by John F. O'Hanlon

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2005-02-18
  • Pages : 536
  • ISBN : 0471467154
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the decade and a half since the publication of the Second Edition of A User?s Guide to Vacuum Technology there have been many important advances in the field, including spinning rotor gauges, dry mechanical pumps, magnetically levitated turbo pumps, and ultraclean system designs. These, along with improved cleaning and assembly techniques have made contamination-free manufacturing a reality. Designed to bridge the gap in both knowledge and training between designers and end users of vacuum equipment, the Third Edition offers a practical perspective on today?s vacuum technology. With a focus on the operation, understanding, and selection of equipment for industrial processes used in semiconductor, optics, packaging, and related coating technologies, A User?s Guide to Vacuum Technology, Third Edition provides a detailed treatment of this important field. While emphasizing the fundamentals and touching on significant topics not adequately covered elsewhere, the text avoids topics not relevant to the typical user.

Thin Film Materials Technology

Thin Film Materials Technology
Sputtering of Compound Materials

by Kiyotaka Wasa,Makoto Kitabatake,Hideaki Adachi

  • Publisher : William Andrew
  • Release : 2004-05-10
  • Pages : 532
  • ISBN : 0815519311
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An invaluable resource for industrial science and engineering newcomers to sputter deposition technology in thin film production applications, this book is rich in coverage of both historical developments and the newest experimental and technological information about ceramic thin films, a key technology for nano-materials in high-speed information applications and large-area functional coating such as automotive or decorative painting of plastic parts, among other topics. In seven concise chapters, the book thoroughly reviews basic thin film technology and deposition processes, sputtering processes, structural control of compound thin films, and microfabrication by sputtering.

Principles of Vapor Deposition of Thin Films

Principles of Vapor Deposition of Thin Films
A Book

by Professor K.S. K.S Sree Harsha

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-12-16
  • Pages : 1176
  • ISBN : 9780080480312
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The goal of producing devices that are smaller, faster, more functional, reproducible, reliable and economical has given thin film processing a unique role in technology. Principles of Vapor Deposition of Thin Films brings in to one place a diverse amount of scientific background that is considered essential to become knowledgeable in thin film depostition techniques. Its ultimate goal as a reference is to provide the foundation upon which thin film science and technological innovation are possible. * Offers detailed derivation of important formulae. * Thoroughly covers the basic principles of materials science that are important to any thin film preparation. * Careful attention to terminologies, concepts and definitions, as well as abundance of illustrations offer clear support for the text.

Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings

Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings
A Book

by Charles A. Bishop

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-08-28
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1118946162
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is intended that the book will be a practical guide to provide any reader with the basic information to help them understand what is necessary in order to produce a good barrier coated web or to improve the quality of any existing barrier product. After providing an introduction, where the terminology is outlined and some of the science is given (keeping the mathematics to a minimum), including barrier testing methods, the vacuum deposition process will be described. In theory a thin layer of metal or glass-like material should be enough to convert any polymer film into a perfect barrier material. The reality is that all barrier coatings have their performance limited by the defects in the coating. This book looks at the whole process from the source materials through to the post deposition handling of the coated material. This holistic view of the vacuum coating process provides a description of the common sources of defects and includes the possible methods of limiting the defects. This enables readers to decide where their development efforts and money can best be used to improve the barrier performance of their own process or materials. The 2nd edition contains at least 20% new material including additional barrier testing techniques that have been developed and testing and cleaning equipment brought to market since the 1st edition was published in 2010. The topic of adhesion is covered in more detail and there is a section on the Hanson Solubility Parameter which is a method of predicting the solubility of gases or liquids in materials.

Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants

Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants
Trends and Techniques

by Robert B. Heimann,Hans D. Lehmann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-05-26
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 3527337431
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Reflecting the progress in recent years, this book provides in-depth information on the preparation, chemistry, and engineering of bioceramic coatings for medical implants. It is authored by two renowned experts with over 30 years of experience in industry and academia, who know the potentials and pitfalls of the techniques concerned. Following an introduction to the principles of biocompatibility, they present the structures and properties of various bioceramics from alumina to zirconia to calcium phosphates. The main part of the work focuses on coating technologies, such as biomimetic deposition, sol-gel deposition, magnetron sputtering, and thermal spraying. Then follows a discussion of the major interactions of bioceramics with bone and connective tissue cells, complemented by an overview of the "in-vitro "testing methods of the biomineralization properties of bioceramics. The text is rounded off by chapters on the functionalization of bioceramic coatings and a look at future trends. As a result, the authors bring together all aspects of the latest techniques for designing, depositing, testing, and implementing improved and novel bioceramic coating compositions, providing a full yet concise overview for beginners and professionals.

Advanced Techniques for Surface Engineering

Advanced Techniques for Surface Engineering
A Book

by W. Gissler,H.A. Jehn

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 1992-10-31
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 9780792320067
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The hardest requirements on a material are in general imposed at the surface: it has to be wear resistant for tools and bearings; corrosion resistant for turbine blades; antireflecting for solar cells; and it must combine several of these properties in other applications. `Surface engineering' is the general term that incorporates all the techniques by which a surface modification can be accomplished. These techniques include both the more traditional methods, such as nitriding, boriding and carburizing, and the newer ones, such as ion implantation, laser beam melting and, in particular, coating. This book comprises and compares in a unique way all these techniques of surface engineering. It is a compilation of lectures which were held by renowned scientists and engineers in the frame of the well known `EuroCourses' of the Joint Research Centre of the Commission of the European Communities. The book is principally addressed to material and surface scientists, physicists and chemists, engineers and technicians of industries and institutes where surface engineering problems arise.

Handbook of Thin Film Technology

Handbook of Thin Film Technology
A Book

by Hartmut Frey,Hamid R. Khan

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2015-05-06
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 3642054307
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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“Handbook of Thin Film Technology” covers all aspects of coatings preparation, characterization and applications. Different deposition techniques based on vacuum and plasma processes are presented. Methods of surface and thin film analysis including coating thickness, structural, optical, electrical, mechanical and magnetic properties of films are detailed described. The several applications of thin coatings and a special chapter focusing on nanoparticle-based films can be found in this handbook. A complete reference for students and professionals interested in the science and technology of thin films.

Handbook of Vacuum Technology

Handbook of Vacuum Technology
A Book

by Karl Jousten

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-07-05
  • Pages : 1050
  • ISBN : 3527688242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This comprehensive, standard work has been updated to remain an important resource for all those needing detailed knowledge of the theory and applications of vacuum technology. The text covers the existing knowledge on all aspects of vacuum science and technology, ranging from fundamentals to components and operating systems. It features many numerical examples and illustrations to help visualize the theoretical issues, while the chapters are carefully cross-linked and coherent symbols and notations are used throughout the book. The whole is rounded off by a user-friendly appendix of conversion tables, mathematical tools, material related data, overviews of processes and techniques, equipment-related data, national and international standards, guidelines, and much more. As a result, engineers, technicians, and scientists will be able to develop and work successfully with the equipment and environment found in a vacuum.

Microwave and RF Vacuum Electronic Power Sources

Microwave and RF Vacuum Electronic Power Sources
A Book

by Richard G. Carter

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-03-31
  • Pages : 838
  • ISBN : 0521198623
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Get up-to-speed on the theory, principles and design of vacuum electron devices.

Cathodic Arcs

Cathodic Arcs
From Fractal Spots to Energetic Condensation

by André Anders

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-07-30
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN : 9780387791081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cathodic arcs are among the longest studied yet least understood objects in science. Plasma-generating, tiny spots appear on the cathode; they are highly dynamic and hard to control. With an approach emphasizing the fractal character of cathode spots, strongly fluctuating plasma properties are described such as the presence of multiply charged ions that move with supersonic velocity. Richly illustrated, the book also deals with practical issues, such as arc source construction, macroparticle removal, and the synthesis of dense, well adherent coatings. The book spans a bridge from plasma physics to coatings technology based on energetic condensation, appealing to scientists, practitioners and graduate students alike.

Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies

Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies
Materials to Devices

by Amit Banerjee,Basabi Chakraborty,Hiroshi Inokawa,Jitendra Nath Roy

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-08-11
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 0128185570
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies: Materials to Devices reviews emerging advances in terahertz biomedical and healthcare technologies, including advances in fundamental materials science research, device design and fabrication, applications, and challenges and opportunities for improved performance. In addition, the improvement of materials, optical elements, and measuring techniques are also explored. Other sections cover the design and development of wide bandgap semiconductors for terahertz device applications, including their physics, device modeling, characterization and fabrication concepts. Finally, the book touches on potential defense, medical imaging, internet of things, and the machine learning applications of terahertz technologies. Reviews the latest advances in the fundamental and applied research of terahertz technologies, covering key topics in materials science, biomedical engineering and healthcare informatics Includes applications of terahertz technologies in medical imaging, diagnosis and treatment Provides readers with an understanding of the machine learning, pattern recognition, and data analytics research utilized to enhance the effectiveness of terahertz technologies

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures
A Book

by Mahmood Aliofkhazraei,Nasar Ali

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-05-02
  • Pages : 321
  • ISBN : 1439866651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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After the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the two-dimensional material graphene," even more research and development efforts have been focused on two-dimensional nanostructures. Illustrating the importance of this area in future applications, Two-Dimensional Nanostructures covers the fabrication methods and properties of these materials. The authors begin with discussions on the properties, size effect, applications, classification groups, and growth of nanostructures. They then describe various characterization and fabrication methods, such as spectrometry, low-energy electron diffraction, physical and chemical vapor deposition, and molecular beam epitaxy. The remainder of the text focuses on mechanical, chemical, and physical properties and fabrication methods, including a new mechanical method for fabricating graphene layers and a model for relating the features and structures of nanostructured thin films. With companies already demonstrating the capabilities of graphene in a flexible touch-screen and a 150 GHz transistor, nanostructures are on their way to replacing silicon as the materials of choice in electronics and other areas. This book aids you in understanding the current chemical, mechanical, and physical processes for producing these "miracle materials."

Introduction to Surface Engineering

Introduction to Surface Engineering
A Book

by P. A. Dearnley

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-01-16
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316785084
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This highly illustrated reference work covers the three principal types of surface technologies that best protect engineering devices and products: diffusion technologies, deposition technologies, and other less commonly acknowledged surface engineering (SE) techniques. Various applications are noted throughout the text and additionally whole chapters are devoted to specific SE applications across the automotive, gas turbine engine (GTE), metal machining, and biomedical implant sectors. Along with the benefits of SE, this volume also critically examines SE's limitations. Materials degradation pathways - those which can and those which cannot be mitigated by SE - are rigorously explained. Written from a scientific, materials engineering perspective, this concise text is supported by high-quality images and photo-micrographs which show how surfaces can be engineered to overcome the limits of conventionally produced materials, even in complex or hostile operating environments. This book is a useful resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students as well as professional engineers.

Pulsed Laser Ablation

Pulsed Laser Ablation
Advances and Applications in Nanoparticles and Nanostructuring Thin Films

by Ion N. Mihailescu,Anna Paola Caricato

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-09
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN : 1351733524
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pulsed laser–based techniques for depositing and processing materials are an important area of modern experimental and theoretical scientific research and development, with promising, challenging opportunities in the fields of nanofabrication and nanostructuring. Understanding the interplay between deposition/processing conditions, laser parameters, as well as material properties and dimensionality is demanding for improved fundamental knowledge and novel applications. This book introduces and discusses the basic principles of pulsed laser–matter interaction, with a focus on its peculiarities and perspectives compared to other conventional techniques and state-of-the-art applications. The book starts with an overview of the growth topics, followed by a discussion of laser–matter interaction depending on laser pulse duration, background conditions, materials, and combination of materials and structures. The information outlines the foundation to introduce examples of laser nanostructuring/processing of materials, pointing out the importance of pulsed laser–based technologies in modern (nano)science. With respect to similar texts and monographs, the book offers a comprehensive review including bottom-up and top-down laser-induced processes for nanoparticles and nanomicrostructure generation. Theoretical models are discussed by correlation with advanced experimental protocols in order to account for the fundamentals and underline physical mechanisms of laser–matter interaction. Reputed, internationally recognized experts in the field have contributed to this book. In particular, this book is suitable for a reader (graduate students as well as postgraduates and more generally researchers) new to the subject of pulsed laser ablation in order to gain physical insight into and advanced knowledge of mechanisms and processes involved in any deposition/processing experiment based on pulsed laser–matter interaction. Since knowledge in the field is given step by step comprehensively, this book serves as a valid introduction to the field as well as a foundation for further specific readings.

Reactive Sputter Deposition

Reactive Sputter Deposition
A Book

by Diederik Depla,Stijn Mahieu

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2008-06-24
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN : 3540766642
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this valuable work, all aspects of the reactive magnetron sputtering process, from the discharge up to the resulting thin film growth, are described in detail, allowing the reader to understand the complete process. Hence, this book gives necessary information for those who want to start with reactive magnetron sputtering, understand and investigate the technique, control their sputtering process and tune their existing process, obtaining the desired thin films.

Vacuum in Particle Accelerators

Vacuum in Particle Accelerators
Modelling, Design and Operation of Beam Vacuum Systems

by Oleg B. Malyshev

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2020-01-07
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 3527343024
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A unique guide on how to model and make the best vacuum chambers Vacuum in Particle Accelerators offers a comprehensive overview of ultra-high vacuum systems that are used in charge particle accelerators. The book?s contributors ? noted experts in the field ? also highlight the design and modeling of vacuum particle accelerators. The book reviews vacuum requirements, identifies sources of gas in vacuum chambers and explores methods of removing them. In addition, Vacuum in Particle Accelerators offers an in-depth explanation of the control of the beam and the beam aperture. In the final part of the book, the focus is on the modelling approaches for vacuum chambers under various operating conditions. This important guide: -Offers a review of vacuum systems in charge particle accelerators -Contains contributions from an international panel of noted experts in the field -Highlights the systems, modelling, and design of vacuum particle accelerators -Includes information on vacuum requirements, beam-gas interactions, cryogenic temperatures, ion induced pressure instability, heavy ion machines -Presents the most up-to-date information on the topic for scientists and engineers Written for vacuum physicists, vacuum engineers, plasma physicists, materials scientists, and engineering scientists, Vacuum Particle Accelerators is an essential reference offering an in-depth exploration of vacuum systems and the modelling and design of charged particle accelerators.

Basics of Foundation Design

Basics of Foundation Design
A Book

by Bengt Fellenius

  • Publisher : Lulu.com
  • Release : 2017-06-07
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1365824004
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The "Red Book" presents a background to conventional foundation analysis and design. The text is not intended to replace the much more comprehensive 'standard' textbooks, but rather to support and augment these in a few important areas, supplying methods applicable to practical cases handled daily by practising engineers and providing the basic soil mechanics background to those methods. It concentrates on the static design for stationary foundation conditions. Although the topic is far from exhaustively treated, it does intend to present most of the basic material needed for a practising engineer involved in routine geotechnical design, as well as provide the tools for an engineering student to approach and solve common geotechnical design problems.