Download The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain Ebook PDF

The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain

The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain
A Book

by Jon Leefmann,Elisabeth Hildt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-02-09
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 0128042605
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Human Sciences after the Decade of the Brain brings together exciting new works that address today’s key challenges for a mutual interaction between cognitive neuroscience and the social sciences and humanities. Taking up the methodological and conceptual problems of choosing a neuroscience approach to disciplines such as philosophy, history, ethics and education, the book deepens discussions on a range of epistemological, historical, and sociological questions about the "neuro-turn" in the new millennium. The book’s three sections focus on (i) epistemological questions posed by neurobiologically informed approaches to philosophy and history, (ii) neuroscience’s influence on explanations for social and moral behavior, and (iii) the consequences of the neuro-turn in diverse sectors of social life such as science, education, film, and human self-understanding. This book is an important resource both for students and scholars of cognitive neuroscience and biological psychology interested in the philosophical, ethical, and societal influences of—and on—their work as well as for students and scholars from the social sciences and humanities interested in neuroscience. Explores the recent influence of neuroscience on the humanities and social sciences and how they respond to these influences Offers in-depth analysis of the theoretical and practical influence of a brain-centered scientific view in diverse areas of the social sciences including economics, education, cultural studies, and philosophy Investigates contributions of the history of science to scrutinizing current neuroscience–based approaches to social and moral behavior

Neural Mechanisms

Neural Mechanisms
New Challenges in the Philosophy of Neuroscience

by Fabrizio Calzavarini,Marco Viola

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-12-02
  • Pages : 506
  • ISBN : 3030540928
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This volume brings together new papers advancing contemporary debates in foundational, conceptual, and methodological issues in cognitive neuroscience. The different perspectives presented in each chapter have previously been discussed between the authors, as the volume builds on the experience of Neural Mechanisms (NM) Online – webinar series on the philosophy of neuroscience organized by the editors of this volume. The contributed chapters pertain to five core areas in current philosophy of neuroscience. It surveys the novel forms of explanation (and prediction) developed in cognitive neuroscience, and looks at new concepts, methods and techniques used in the field. The book also highlights the metaphysical challenges raised by recent neuroscience and demonstrates the relation between neuroscience and mechanistic philosophy. Finally, the book dives into the issue of neural computations and representations. Assembling contributions from leading philosophers of neuroscience, this work draws upon the expertise of both established scholars and promising early career researchers.

Methodological Advances in Experimental Philosophy

Methodological Advances in Experimental Philosophy
A Book

by Eugen Fischer,Mark Curtis

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2019-03-21
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1350069019
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Until recently, experimental philosophy has been associated with the questionnaire-based study of intuitions. This volume brings together established and emerging research leaders from several areas of experimental philosophy to explore how new empirical methods from the behavioural sciences and digital humanities can contribute to philosophical debates. Each chapter offers an accessible overview of these exciting innovations, demonstrating their application in a key area of philosophy and discussing their strengths and limitations. Methods covered include eye tracking, virtual reality technology, neuroimaging, statistical learning and experimental economics as well as corpus linguistics, visualisation techniques and data and text mining. The volume explores their use in moral philosophy and moral psychology, epistemology, philosophy of science, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind and the history of ideas. Methodological Advances in Experimental Philosophy is essential reading for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers working in experimental philosophy.

Varcarolis's Canadian Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing - E-Book

Varcarolis's Canadian Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing - E-Book
A Book

by Cheryl L Pollard,Sonya L Jakubec, RN Bhscn MN PhD

  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release : 2022-08-12
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 0323778801
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Gain the knowledge and skills you need to provide psychiatric mental health nursing care in Canada! Varcarolis's Canadian Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing, 3rd Edition uses a practical clinical perspective to provide a clear understanding of this often-intimidating subject. It provides a foundation in nursing techniques and a guide to psychobiological disorders such as bipolar and depressive disorders, trauma interventions, and interventions for distinct populations such as children and older adults. Adapted to meet the needs of Canadian nurses by Cheryl L. Pollard and Sonya L. Jakubec, this market-leading text prepares you for practice with real-world examples presented within a Canadian legal, ethical, and cultural context. Canadian focus throughout includes key considerations such as our nation's cultural and social diversity with federal/provincial/territorial distinctions. Canadian research and statistics reflect mental health and mental health practice in Canada. Research Highlight boxes are updated with examples of Indigenous research methodologies by Indigenous researchers and settler allies. DSM-5 boxes provide criteria for disorders covered by the American Psychological Association. Learning features include key terms and concepts, learning objectives, key points to remember, critical thinking, and chapter reviews, reinforcing important information and helping to apply textbook content to the clinical setting. Assessment Guidelines boxes summarize the steps of patient assessment for various disorders. Drug Treatment boxes feature the most current generic and trade names for drugs used in Canada. Patient and Family Teaching boxes provide important details that should be discussed with patients and care givers. Integrative Therapy boxes highlight the different types of therapy may be used to enhance treatment. Considering Culture boxes discuss the importance of cultural safety in providing competent care to diverse populations within various clinical situations. NEW! Safety Tip boxes highlight important issues of safety for psychiatric mental health care, patient experiences, and nursing interventions. NEW! Added mental health content covers Indigenous populations, migrant populations, and gender differences with a focus on cultural safety, equity-informed approaches, relational and trauma-informed practices. Updated Chapter 29 covers recovery, survivorship, and public mental health approaches. Enhanced topics include substance use disorders, harm reduction, and support among nurses; changes related to Medical Assistance in Dying (MAiD) legislation; and mental health in view of climate change and the COVID-19 pandemic.

TechnoScienceSociety

TechnoScienceSociety
Technological Reconfigurations of Science and Society

by Sabine Maasen,Sascha Dickel,Christoph Schneider

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-01
  • Pages : 306
  • ISBN : 3030439658
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book introduces the term of TechnoScienceSociety to focus on the ongoing technological reconfigurations of science and society. It aspires to use the breadth of Science and Technology Studies to perform a critical diagnosis of our contemporary culture. Instead of constructing technology as society’s “other”, the book sets out to highlight the both complex and ambivalent entanglements of technologies, sciences and socialities. It provides some tentative steps towards a diagnosis of a society in which individuals and organizations address themselves, their pasts, presents, futures, hopes and problems in technoscientific modes. Technosciences redesign matter, life, self and society. However, they do not operate independently: Technoscientific practices are deeply socially and culturally constituted. The diverse contributions highlight the ongoing technological reconfigurations of rationalities, infrastructures, modes of governance, and publics. The book aims to inspire scholars and students to think and analyze contemporary conditions in new ways drawing on, and expanding, the toolkits of Science and Technology Studies.

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies

Dialogues Between Artistic Research and Science and Technology Studies
A Book

by Henk Borgdorff,Peter Peters,Trevor Pinch

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-11-18
  • Pages : 206
  • ISBN : 042979830X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This edited volume maps dialogues between science and technology studies research on the arts and the emerging field of artistic research. The main themes in the book are an advanced understanding of discursivity and reasoning in arts-based research, the methodological relevance of material practices and things, and innovative ways of connecting, staging, and publishing research in art and academia. This book touches on topics including studies of artistic practices; reflexive practitioners at the boundaries between the arts, science, and technology; non-propositional forms of reasoning; unconventional (arts-based) research methods and enhanced modes of presentation and publication.

Rethinking Interdisciplinarity across the Social Sciences and Neurosciences

Rethinking Interdisciplinarity across the Social Sciences and Neurosciences
A Book

by F. Callard,D. Fitzgerald

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-12-30
  • Pages : 157
  • ISBN : 1137407964
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book offers a provocative account of interdisciplinary research across the neurosciences, social sciences and humanities. Rooting itself in the authors' own experiences, the book establishes a radical agenda for collaboration across these disciplines. This book is open access under a CC-BY license.

So Human a Brain

So Human a Brain
Knowledge and Values in the Neurosciences

by HARRINGTON

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 355
  • ISBN : 1461203910
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

WALTER A. ROSENBLITH Footnotes to the Recent History of Neuroscience: Personal Reflections and Microstories The workshop upon which this volume is based offered me an opportunity to renew contact fairly painlessly with workers in the brain sciences, not just as a participant/observer but maybe as what might be called a teller of microstories. I had originally become curious about the brain by way of my wife's senior thesis, in which she attempted to relate electroencephalography to certain aspects of human behavior. As a then-budding physicist and communications engineer, I had barely heard about brain waves, nor had I studied physiology in a systematic way. My work on noise dealt with the effects of certain acoustical stimuli on biological structures and entire organisms. This was the period immediately after World War II when many scientists and engineers who had done applied work in the war effort were trying to find their way among the challenging new fields that were opening up. Francis Crick, among others, has described such a search taking place in the cafes of the "other" Cambridge, the one on the Cam. At that time the brain sciences, in his opinion, offered much less promise than molecular biology. However, he was sufficiently attracted by what they might eventually have to offer to keep an eye on them, and several decades later his work turned toward the brain.

Being Brains

Being Brains
Making the Cerebral Subject

by Fernando Vidal,Francisco Ortega

  • Publisher : Fordham Univ Press
  • Release : 2017-07-04
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 0823276082
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This “interesting, informative, and provocative book” explores the pervasive influence of neuroscience and “the view that we are essentially our brains” (History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences). Being Brains offers a critical exploration of neurocentrism, the belief that “we are our brains,” which came to prominence in the 1990s. Encouraged by advances in neuroimaging, the humanities and social sciences have gravitated toward the brain as well, developing neuro-subspecialties in fields such as anthropology, aesthetics, education, history, law, sociology, and theology. Even in the business world, dubious enterprises such as “neuromarketing” and “neurobics” have emerged to take advantage of the heightened sensitivity to all things neuro. While neither hegemonic nor monolithic, the neurocentric view embodies a powerful ideology that is at the heart of some of today’s most important philosophical, ethical, scientific, and political debates. Being Brains examines the internal logic of this new ideology, as well as its genealogy and its main contemporary incarnations. Being Brains was chosen as the 2018 Outstanding Book in the History of the Neurosciences by the International Society for the History of the Neurosciences.

I am Not a Brain

I am Not a Brain
Philosophy of Mind for the 21st Century

by Markus Gabriel

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-09-18
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 1509514783
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Many consider the nature of human consciousness to be one of the last great unsolved mysteries. Why should the light turn on, so to speak, in human beings at all? And how is the electrical storm of neurons under our skull connected with our consciousness? Is the self only our brain's user interface, a kind of stage on which a show is performed that we cannot freely direct? In this book, philosopher Markus Gabriel challenges an increasing trend in the sciences towards neurocentrism, a notion which rests on the assumption that the self is identical to the brain. Gabriel raises serious doubts as to whether we can know ourselves in this way. In a sharp critique of this approach, he presents a new defense of the free will and provides a timely introduction to philosophical thought about the self – all with verve, humor, and surprising insights. Gabriel criticizes the scientific image of the world and takes us on an eclectic journey of self-reflection by way of such concepts as self, consciousness, and freedom, with the aid of Kant, Schopenhauer, and Nagel but also Dr. Who, The Walking Dead, and Fargo.

Neuropsychedelia

Neuropsychedelia
The Revival of Hallucinogen Research Since the Decade of the Brain

by Nicolas Langlitz

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2012-11-07
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 0520274822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Neuropsychedelia examines the revival of psychedelic science since the "Decade of the Brain." After the breakdown of this previously prospering area of psychopharmacology, and in the wake of clashes between counterculture and establishment in the late 1960s, a new generation of hallucinogen researchers used the hype around the neurosciences in the 1990s to bring psychedelics back into the mainstream of science and society. This book is based on anthropological fieldwork and philosophical reflections on life and work in two laboratories that have played key roles in this development: a human lab in Switzerland and an animal lab in California. It sheds light on the central transnational axis of the resurgence connecting American psychedelic culture with the home country of LSD. In the borderland of science and religion, Neuropsychedelia explores the tensions between the use of hallucinogens to model psychoses and to evoke spiritual experiences in laboratory settings. Its protagonists, including the anthropologist himself, struggle to find a place for the mystical under conditions of late-modern materialism.

Critical Neuroscience

Critical Neuroscience
A Handbook of the Social and Cultural Contexts of Neuroscience

by Suparna Choudhury,Jan Slaby

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2016-08-08
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 1119237890
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Critical Neuroscience brings together leading scholars in a collective effort to understand the impact of intellectual, economic, and political conditions on current views of the brain, and how these models may in turn impact society. The editors create an interdisciplinary forum, withing which contributors engage in fruitful debate about the potential of tools, the complexities of data interpretationm and the social, political, and cultural contexts of neuroscience, and address fundamental questions of how to critique neuroscience in society.

The Art and Science of Embodied Research Design

The Art and Science of Embodied Research Design
Concepts, Methods and Cases

by Jennifer Frank Tantia

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-11-19
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 1000218597
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The Art and Science of Embodied Research Design: Concepts, Methods, and Cases offers some of the nascent perspectives that situate embodiment as a necessary element in human research. This edited volume brings together philosophical foundations of embodiment research with application of embodied methods from several disciplines. The book is divided into two sections. Part I, Concepts in Embodied Research Design, suggests ways that embodied epistemology may bring deeper understanding to current research theory, and describes the ways in which embodiment is an integral part of the research process. In Part II, Methods and Cases, chapters propose novel ways to operationalize embodied data in the research process. The section is divided into four sub-sections: Somatic Systems of Analysis, Movement Systems of Analysis, Embodied Interviews and Observations, and Creative and Mixed Methods. Each chapter proposes a method case; an example of a previously used research method that exemplifies the way in which embodiment is used in a study. As such, it can be used as scaffold for designing embodied methods that suits the researcher’s needs. It is suited for many fields of study such as psychology, sociology, behavioral science, anthropology, education, and arts-based research. It will be useful for graduate coursework in somatic studies or as a supplemental text for courses in traditional research design.

The Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought

The Oxford Handbook of Spontaneous Thought
Mind-Wandering, Creativity, and Dreaming

by Kieran C.R. Fox,Kalina Christoff

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-05-16
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 0190464755
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Where do spontaneous thoughts come from? It may be surprising that the seemingly straightforward answers "from the mind" or "from the brain" are in fact an incredibly recent understanding of the origins of spontaneous thought. For nearly all of human history, our thoughts - especially the most sudden, insightful, and important - were almost universally ascribed to divine or other external sources. Only in the past few centuries have we truly taken responsibility for their own mental content, and finally localized thought to the central nervous system - laying the foundations for a protoscience of spontaneous thought. But enormous questions still loom: what, exactly, is spontaneous thought? Why does our brain engage in spontaneous forms of thinking, and when is this most likely to occur? And perhaps the question most interesting and accessible from a scientific perspective: how does the brain generate and evaluate its own spontaneous creations? Spontaneous thought includes our daytime fantasies and mind-wandering; the flashes of insight and inspiration familiar to the artist, scientist, and inventor; and the nighttime visions we call dreams. This Handbook brings together views from neuroscience, psychology, philosophy, phenomenology, history, education, contemplative traditions, and clinical practice to begin to address the ubiquitous but poorly understood mental phenomena that we collectively call 'spontaneous thought.' In studying such an abstruse and seemingly impractical subject, we should remember that our capacity for spontaneity, originality, and creativity defines us as a species - and as individuals. Spontaneous forms of thought enable us to transcend not only the here and now of perceptual experience, but also the bonds of our deliberately-controlled and goal-directed cognition; they allow the space for us to be other than who we are, and for our minds to think beyond the limitations of our current viewpoints and beliefs.

Cocaine

Cocaine
Scientific and Social Dimensions

by Gregory R. Bock,Julie Whelan

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-04-30
  • Pages : 316
  • ISBN : 0470514256
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Cocaine poses interesting problems for neurophysiologists and neuropharmacologists and there is important new data on the effects of cocaine on the brain (its initial site of action at the cellular level now appearing to be the dopamine transporter). Includes chapters on the far-reaching toxic effects of cocaine, on the epidemiology and the economics of drug addiction, on the past and present use of cocaine in the U.S. and in South America, and on the moral issues raised by drug use and abuse.

The Problem Of The Soul

The Problem Of The Soul
Two Visions Of Mind And How To Reconcile Them

by Owen Flanagan

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2008-08-05
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0786725311
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Science has always created problems for traditional ways of seeing things, but now the very attributes that make us human -- free will, the permanence of personal identity, the existence of the soul -- are threatened by the science of the mind. If the mind is the brain, and therefore a physical object subject to deterministic laws, how can we have free will? If most of our thoughts and impulses are unconscious, how can we be morally responsible for what we do? If brains and bodies undergo relentless change, how can our identities be constant? The Problem of the Soul shows the way out of these paradoxes. Framing the conflict in terms of two dominant visions of the mind -- the "manifest image" of humanistic philosophy and theology, and the scientific image -- Owen Flanagan demonstrates that there is common ground, and that we need not give up our ideas of moral responsibility and personal freedom in order to have an empirically sound view of the human mind. This is a profoundly relevant work of philosophy for the common reader.

The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain

The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain
A Book

by Matthew Rizzo,Steven Anderson,Bernd Fritzsch

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2018-04-23
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 111877177X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

A thought-provoking treatise on understanding and treating the aging mind and brain This handbook recognizes the critical issues surrounding mind and brain health by tackling overarching and pragmatic needs so as to better understand these multifaceted issues. This includes summarizing and synthesizing critical evidence, approaches, and strategies from multidisciplinary research—all of which have advanced our understanding of the neural substrates of attention, perception, memory, language, decision-making, motor behavior, social cognition, emotion, and other mental functions. Written by a plethora of health experts from around the world, The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain offers in-depth contributions in 7 sections: Introduction; Methods of Assessment; Brain Functions and Behavior across the Lifespan; Cognition, Behavior and Disease; Optimizing Brain Function in Health and Disease; Forensics, Competence, Legal, Ethics and Policy Issues; and Conclusion and New Directions. Geared toward improving the recognition, diagnosis, and treatment of many brain-based disorders that occur in older adults and that cause disability and death Seeks to advance the care of patients who have perceptual, cognitive, language, memory, emotional, and many other behavioral symptoms associated with these disorders Addresses principles and practice relevant to challenges posed by the US National Academy of Sciences and National Institute of Aging (NIA) Presents materials at a scientific level that is appropriate for a wide variety of providers The Wiley Handbook on the Aging Mind and Brain is an important text for neurologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, physiatrists, geriatricians, nurses, pharmacists, social workers, and other primary caregivers who care for patients in routine and specialty practices as well as students, interns, residents, and fellows.

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1993

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 1993
Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session

by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9780160387333
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Neuro

Neuro
The New Brain Sciences and the Management of the Mind

by Nikolas Rose,Joelle M. Abi-Rached

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2013-02-24
  • Pages : 335
  • ISBN : 0691149615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The brain sciences are influencing our understanding of human behavior as never before, from neuropsychiatry and neuroeconomics to neurotheology and neuroaesthetics. Many now believe that the brain is what makes us human, and it seems that neuroscientists are poised to become the new experts in the management of human conduct. Neuro describes the key developments--theoretical, technological, economic, and biopolitical--that have enabled the neurosciences to gain such traction outside the laboratory. It explores the ways neurobiological conceptions of personhood are influencing everything from child rearing to criminal justice, and are transforming the ways we "know ourselves" as human beings. In this emerging neuro-ontology, we are not "determined" by our neurobiology: on the contrary, it appears that we can and should seek to improve ourselves by understanding and acting on our brains. Neuro examines the implications of this emerging trend, weighing the promises against the perils, and evaluating some widely held concerns about a neurobiological "colonization" of the social and human sciences. Despite identifying many exaggerated claims and premature promises, Neuro argues that the openness provided by the new styles of thought taking shape in neuroscience, with its contemporary conceptions of the neuromolecular, plastic, and social brain, could make possible a new and productive engagement between the social and brain sciences. Copyright note: Reproduction, including downloading of Joan Miro works is prohibited by copyright laws and international conventions without the express written permission of Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. ?

Rethinking Human Nature

Rethinking Human Nature
A Multidisciplinary Approach

by Malcolm Jeeves

  • Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
  • Release : 2011-02-23
  • Pages : 337
  • ISBN : 0802865577
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

How do the many exciting recent scientific discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, evolutionary biology, genetics and paleoanthropology challenge and complicate but also enrich and illuminate the traditional Christian portrait of human nature? In Rethinking Human Nature an international team of scientists, historians, philosophers, and theologians presents both the wisdom of the past and the cutting edge of present and developing scientific research to explore answers to this vital question. Their discussions examining our brains, our genes, our ancestors, our societies, and more will help us develop a more nuanced and complete understanding of what it really means to be human. Contributors: Evandro Agazzi, R. J. Berry, Alison S. Brooks, Franco Chiereghin, Felipe Fernandez, Graeme Finlay, Joel Green, Malcolm Jeeves, Jrgen Mittelstrass, David G. Myers, Janet Martin Soskice, Fernando Vidal