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The Invention of Nature

The Invention of Nature
Alexander von Humboldt's New World

by Andrea Wulf

  • Publisher : Vintage
  • Release : 2015-09-15
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0385350678
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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NATIONAL BESTSELLER • The acclaimed author of Founding Gardeners reveals the forgotten life of Alexander von Humboldt, the visionary German naturalist whose ideas changed the way we see the natural world—and in the process created modern environmentalism. "Vivid and exciting.... Wulf’s pulsating account brings this dazzling figure back into a dazzling, much-deserved focus.” —The Boston Globe Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) was the most famous scientist of his age, a visionary German naturalist and polymath whose discoveries forever changed the way we understand the natural world. Among his most revolutionary ideas was a radical conception of nature as a complex and interconnected global force that does not exist for the use of humankind alone. In North America, Humboldt’s name still graces towns, counties, parks, bays, lakes, mountains, and a river. And yet the man has been all but forgotten. In this illuminating biography, Andrea Wulf brings Humboldt’s extraordinary life back into focus: his prediction of human-induced climate change; his daring expeditions to the highest peaks of South America and to the anthrax-infected steppes of Siberia; his relationships with iconic figures, including Simón Bolívar and Thomas Jefferson; and the lasting influence of his writings on Darwin, Wordsworth, Goethe, Muir, Thoreau, and many others. Brilliantly researched and stunningly written, The Invention of Nature reveals the myriad ways in which Humboldt’s ideas form the foundation of modern environmentalism—and reminds us why they are as prescient and vital as ever.

The Invention of Nature

The Invention of Nature
Alexander von Humboldt’s New World by Andrea Wulf | Summary & Analysis

by Instaread

  • Publisher : Instaread
  • Release : 2016-01-28
  • Pages : 40
  • ISBN : 1944195726
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf | Summary & Analysis Preview: The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf is a biography of Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist born in 1769. Humboldt had an older brother, Wilhelm. Their father died when they were young, and their mother was emotionally detached from her sons. Alexander and Wilhelm received exacting educations. Alexander became interested in exploration and science, but his mother pressured him to become a civil servant, so he attended a mining academy to become a mine inspector while conducting his own botanical research. He invented new tools for miners, published books on subterranean plants and rocks, and experimented with the effect of electricity on the nervous system. Wilhelm introduced Alexander von Humboldt to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the renowned author, and they formed a close friendship based on a mutual interest in the intersection of science and art. Humboldt gained an appreciation for aesthetic perspective from Goethe, and Goethe received the latest in scientific information from Humboldt… PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of The Invention of Nature: • Summary of book • Introduction to the Important People in the book • Analysis of the Themes and Author’s Style

The Invention of Nature

The Invention of Nature
The Adventures of Alexander von Humboldt, the Lost Hero of Science: Costa & Royal Society Prize Winner

by Andrea Wulf

  • Publisher : Hachette UK
  • Release : 2015-10-22
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 1848548990
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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WINNER OF THE 2015 COSTA BIOGRAPHY AWARD WINNER OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY SCIENCE BOOK PRIZE 2016 'A thrilling adventure story' Bill Bryson 'Dazzling' Literary Review 'Brilliant' Sunday Express 'Extraordinary and gripping' New Scientist 'A superb biography' The Economist 'An exhilarating armchair voyage' GILES MILTON, Mail on Sunday Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) is the great lost scientist - more things are named after him than anyone else. There are towns, rivers, mountain ranges, the ocean current that runs along the South American coast, there's a penguin, a giant squid - even the Mare Humboldtianum on the moon. His colourful adventures read like something out of a Boy's Own story: Humboldt explored deep into the rainforest, climbed the world's highest volcanoes and inspired princes and presidents, scientists and poets alike. Napoleon was jealous of him; Simon Bolívar's revolution was fuelled by his ideas; Darwin set sail on the Beagle because of Humboldt; and Jules Verne's Captain Nemo owned all his many books. He simply was, as one contemporary put it, 'the greatest man since the Deluge'. Taking us on a fantastic voyage in his footsteps - racing across anthrax-infected Russia or mapping tropical rivers alive with crocodiles - Andrea Wulf shows why his life and ideas remain so important today. Humboldt predicted human-induced climate change as early as 1800, and The Invention of Nature traces his ideas as they go on to revolutionize and shape science, conservation, nature writing, politics, art and the theory of evolution. He wanted to know and understand everything and his way of thinking was so far ahead of his time that it's only coming into its own now. Alexander von Humboldt really did invent the way we see nature.

The Invention of Custom

The Invention of Custom
Natural Law and the Law of Nations, Ca. 1550-1750

by Francesca Iurlaro

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2022-01-20
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0192897950
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This books tells the neglected story of the relationship between custom and the European natural law and ius gentium tradition. It explores what cultural values and practices facilitated the emergence of custom and rendered it into as a source of the law of nations, and how they did so.

Guide to Andrea Wulf's the Invention of Nature

Guide to Andrea Wulf's the Invention of Nature
A Book

by Andrea Wulf,Eureka

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2017-03-31
  • Pages : 36
  • ISBN : 9781545091371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS A GUIDE TO THE ORIGINAL BOOK. Guide to Andrea Wulf's The Invention of Nature Preview: The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf is a biography of Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist born in 1769. Humboldt had an older brother, Wilhelm. Their father died when they were young, and their mother was emotionally detached from her sons. Alexander and Wilhelm received exacting educations. Alexander became interested in exploration and science, but his mother pressured him to become a civil servant, so he attended a mining academy to become a mine inspector while conducting his own botanical research. He invented new tools for miners, published books on subterranean plants and rocks, and experimented with the effect of electricity on the nervous system... Inside this companion: - Summary of the book - Important People - Character Analysis - Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style

The Invention of Sustainability

The Invention of Sustainability
Nature and Destiny, c.1500–1870

by Paul Warde

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2018-07-31
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 1108663699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The issue of sustainability, and the idea that economic growth and development might destroy its own foundations, is one of the defining political problems of our era. This ground breaking study traces the emergence of this idea, and demonstrates how sustainability was closely linked to hopes for growth, and the destiny of expanding European states, from the sixteenth century. Weaving together aspirations for power, for economic development and agricultural improvement, and ideas about forestry, climate, the sciences of the soil and of life itself, this book sets out how new knowledge and metrics led people to imagine both new horizons for progress, but also the possibility of collapse. In the nineteenth century, anxieties about sustainability, often driven by science, proliferated in debates about contemporary and historical empires and the American frontier. The fear of progress undoing itself confronted society with finding ways to live with and manage nature.

Summary & Analysis of the Invention of Nature

Summary & Analysis of the Invention of Nature
Alexander Von Humboldt's New World by Andrea Wulf

by Instaread

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2016-01-28
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN : 9781523755141
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf | Summary & Analysis Preview: The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf is a biography of Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist born in 1769. Humboldt had an older brother, Wilhelm. Their father died when they were young, and their mother was emotionally detached from her sons. Alexander and Wilhelm received exacting educations. Alexander became interested in exploration and science, but his mother pressured him to become a civil servant, so he attended a mining academy to become a mine inspector while conducting his own botanical research. He invented new tools for miners, published books on subterranean plants and rocks, and experimented with the effect of electricity on the nervous system. Wilhelm introduced Alexander von Humboldt to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the renowned author, and they formed a close friendship based on a mutual interest in the intersection of science and art. Humboldt gained an appreciation for aesthetic perspective from Goethe, and Goethe received the latest in scientific information from Humboldt... Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of The Invention of Nature: * Summary of book * Introduction to the Important People in the book * Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style About the Author With Instaread, you can get the summary and analysis of a book in 15 minutes. We read every chapter, summarize and analyze it for your convenience.

Summary of the Invention of Nature

Summary of the Invention of Nature
By Andrea Wulf Includes Analysis

by Instaread

  • Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
  • Release : 2016-02-18
  • Pages : 38
  • ISBN : 9781530129515
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and NOT the original book. The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf | Summary & Analysis Preview: The Invention of Nature by Andrea Wulf is a biography of Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist born in 1769. Humboldt had an older brother, Wilhelm. Their father died when they were young, and their mother was emotionally detached from her sons. Alexander and Wilhelm received exacting educations. Alexander became interested in exploration and science, but his mother pressured him to become a civil servant, so he attended a mining academy to become a mine inspector while conducting his own botanical research. He invented new tools for miners, published books on subterranean plants and rocks, and experimented with the effect of electricity on the nervous system. Wilhelm introduced Alexander von Humboldt to Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the renowned author, and they formed a close friendship based on a mutual interest in the intersection of science and art. Humboldt gained an appreciation for aesthetic perspective from Goethe, and Goethe received the latest in scientific information from Humboldt... Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of The Invention of Nature: * Summary of book * Introduction to the Important People in the book * Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style About the Author With Instaread, you can get the summary and analysis of a book in 15 minutes. We read every chapter, summarize and analyze it for your convenience.

The Invention of Pornography, 1500--1800

The Invention of Pornography, 1500--1800
Obscenity and the Origins of Modernity

by Lynn Hunt

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 411
  • ISBN : 0942299698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In America today the intense and controversial debate over the censorship of pornography continues to call into question the values of a modern, democratic culture. This ground-breaking collection of ten critical essays traces the history and various uses of pornography in early modern Europe, offering the historical perspective crucial to understanding current issues of artistic censorship.The essays, by historians and literary theorists, examine how pornography emerged between 1500 and 1800 as a literary practice and a category of knowledge intimately linked to the formative moments of Western modernity and the democratization of culture. They reveal that the first modern writers and engravers of pornography were part of the demimonde of heretics, freethinkers, and libertines who constituted the dark underside of the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution. From the beginning, early modern European pornography used the shock of sex to test the boundaries and regulation of decent and obscene behavior and expression in the public and private spheres, criticizing and even subverting religious and political authorities as well social and sexual norms.Contents: Introduction, Lynn Hunt. Humanism, Politics, and Pornography in Renaissance Italy, Paula Findlen. The Politics of Pornography: L'Ecole des filles, Joan Dejean. Sometimes a Sceptre is only a Sceptre: Pornography and Politics in Restoration England, Rachel Weil. The Materialist World of Pornography, Margaret C. Jacob. Truth and the Obscene Word in Eighteenth-Century French Pornography, Lucienne Frappier-Mazur. The Pornographic Whore: Prostitution in French Pornography from Margot to Juliette, Kathryn Norberg. Erotic Fantasy and the Libertine Dispensation in Eighteenth-Century England, Randolph Trumbach. Politics and Pornography in the Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Dutch Republic, Wijnand W. Mijnhardt. Pornography and the French Revolution, Lynn Hunt.

Summary of The Invention of Nature

Summary of The Invention of Nature
By Andrea Wulf | Includes Analysis

by Instaread Summaries

  • Publisher : Idreambooks
  • Release : 2016-04-05
  • Pages : 30
  • ISBN : 9781945272257
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inside this Instaread Summary & Analysis of The Invention of Nature:* Summary of book* Introduction to the Important People in the book* Analysis of the Themes and Author's Style

The Invention of Taste

The Invention of Taste
A Cultural Account of Desire, Delight and Disgust in Fashion, Food and Art

by Luca Vercelloni

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2016-03-24
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1474273629
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Invention of Taste provides a detailed overview of the development of taste, from ancient times to the present. At the heart of the book is an intriguing question: why did the sensory attribute of human taste become a social metaphor and aesthetic value for judging cultural qualities of art, fashion, cuisine and other social constructions? Unique amongst the senses, taste is at once a biologically derived sense, private, personal and individual, yet also a sensibility which can be acquired, shared, and communicated. Exploring the many factors that defined the evolution of taste – from medieval morals and medicine to social and cultural philosophy, the rise of aesthetics, birth of fashion, branding trends, and luxury worship in the age of mass consumption – Luca Vercelloni's ambitious text provides readers with an outstanding introduction to the subject, making it the cultural history of taste. Now available for the first time in English, Taste features a new final chapter and a preface by series editor David Howes. Rich in detail and examples, this interdisciplinary work is an important read for students and researchers in sensory studies, philosophy, sociology and cultural studies, as well as gastronomy, fashion, design, and branding.

The Invention of the Self

The Invention of the Self
Personal Identity in the Age of Art

by Andrew Spira

  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
  • Release : 2020-06-25
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1350091065
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is an examination of personal identity, exploring both who we think we are, and how we construct the sense of ourselves through art. It proposes that the notion of personal identity is a psycho-social construction that has evolved over many centuries. While this idea has been widely discussed in recent years, Andrew Spira approaches it from a completely new point of view. Rather than relying on the thinking subject's attempts to identify itself consciously and verbally, it focuses on the traces that the self-sense has unconsciously left in the fabric of its environment in the form of non-verbal cultural conventions. Covering a millennium of western European cultural history, it amounts to an 'anthropology of personal identity in the West'. Following a broadly chronological path, Spira traces the self-sense from its emergence from the collectivity of the medieval Church to its consummation in the individualistic concept of artistic genius in the nineteenth century. In doing so, it aims to bridge a gap that exists between cultural history and philosophy. Regarding cultural history (especially art history), it elicits significances from its material that have been thoroughly overlooked. Regarding philosophy, it highlights the crucial role that material culture plays in the formation of philosophical ideas. It argues that the sense of personal self is as much revealed by cultural conventions - and as a cultural convention - as it is observable to the mind as an object of philosophical enquiry.

The Invention of the Western Film

The Invention of the Western Film
A Cultural History of the Genre's First Half Century

by Scott Simmon

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2003-06-30
  • Pages : 393
  • ISBN : 9780521555814
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Table of contents

The Invention of Ethnicity

The Invention of Ethnicity
A Book

by Werner Sollors

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1989
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 0195050479
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This important new collection of interdisciplinary essays sets out to chart the cultural construction of "ethnicity" as embodied in American ethnic literature. Looking at a diverse set of texts, the contributors place the subject in broad historical and dynamic contexts, focusing on the larger systems within which ethnic distinctions emerge and obtain recognition. It provides a new critical framework for understanding not only ethnic literature, but also the underlying psychological, historical, social, and cultural forces. Table of Contents: On the Fourth of July in Sitka, Ishmael Reed. Introduction: The Invention of Ethnicity, Werner Sollors. An American Writer, Richard Rodriguez. A Plea for Fictional Histories and Old-Time "Jewesses," Alide Cagidemetrio. Ethnicity as Festive Culture: Nineteenth-Century German-America on Parade, Kathleen Conzen. Defining the Race, 1890-1930, Judith Stein. Anzia Yezierska and the Making of an Ethnic American Self, Mary Dearborn. Deviant Girls and Dissatisfied Women: A Sociologist's Tale, Carla Cappeti. Ethnic Trilogies: A Genealogical and Generational Poetics, William Boelhower. Blood in the Market Place: The Business of Family in the Godfather Narratives, Thomas Ferraro. Comping for Count Basie, Albert Murray. Is Ethnicity Obsolete, Ishmael Reed, Andrew Hope, Shawn Wong, and Bob Callahan.

Thomas Percival’s Medical Ethics and the Invention of Medical Professionalism

Thomas Percival’s Medical Ethics and the Invention of Medical Professionalism
With Three Key Percival Texts, Two Concordances, and a Chronology

by Laurence B. McCullough

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2022
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 3030860361
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901

The Invention of Telepathy, 1870-1901
A Book

by Professor in Modern and Contemporary Literature Roger Luckhurst,Roger Luckhurst

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9780199249626
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Invention of Telepathy explores one of the enduring concepts to emerge from the late nineteenth century. Telepathy was coined by Frederic Myers in 1882. He defined it as 'the communication of any kind from one mind to another, independently of the recognised channels of sense'. By 1901 it had become a disputed phenomenon amongst physical scientists yet was the 'royal road' to the unconscious mind. Telepathy was discussed by eminent men and women of the day, including Sigmund Freud, Thomas Huxley, Henry and William James, Mary Kingsley, Andrew Lang, Vernon Lee, W.T. Stead, and Oscar Wilde. Did telepathy signal evolutionary advance or possible decline? Could it be a means of binding the Empire closer together, or was it used by natives to subvert imperial communications? Were women more sensitive than men, and if so why? Roger Luckhurst investigates these questions in a study that mixes history of science with cultural history and literary analysis.

Legal Protection for Computer-Implemented Inventions

Legal Protection for Computer-Implemented Inventions
A Practical Guide to Software-Related Patents

by Sabine Kruspig,Claudia Schwarz

  • Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
  • Release : 2016-04-24
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 904115244X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a result of the incorporation of computer software into countless commercial and industrial products, the patentability of software has become a vital issue in intellectual property law. This indispensable book provides an overview on the current status of computer-implemented inventions in patent law across Europe and major jurisdictions worldwide. A hugely practical field research tool with guidance based on case law, it examines the major hurdles in each particular country and describes the best practice to be adopted. Clearly showing how enforceable software patent applications can be competitively drafted and how a patent portfolio for computer-implemented inventions can be established in several countries without spending money unnecessarily on problematic examination proceedings, this book covers such issues and topics as the following: • claim categories for patent applications; • sufficient level of abstraction/breadth of the claimed invention; • fundamental terms of computing and terminological traps; • probability for patents dependent on software application areas; and • patents in core areas of computing. With separate chapters for the key countries, Germany, the United Kingdom, France, the United States, China, Korea, Japan, India, and the European Patent Office the legal situation for computer-implemented inventions in each country or region, this book includes guidance on prosecution under national law, analyses of relevant court decisions, practice checklists, and an outlook on future developments.. The authors describe claim formulation based on actual cases and on principles of computer science in order to show what might be or might not be patentable in each jurisdiction. With this incomparable resource, patent attorneys and patent professionals in companies will get a basis for making decisions about the most appropriate jurisdictions in which to file patent applications. This book will also be of great value to computer professionals who are affected by the protection of software or who are actively involved in the protection of software by patent law.

Sequoyah and the Invention of the Cherokee Alphabet

Sequoyah and the Invention of the Cherokee Alphabet
A Book

by April R. Summitt

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2012-05-15
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 0313391785
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Through a unique combination of narrative history and primary documents, this book provides an engrossing biography of Sequoyah, the creator of the Cherokee writing system, and clearly documents the importance of written language in the preservation of culture. • A page from the Cherokee Phoenix showing the use of written Cherokee language in Sequoyah's syllabary • A Cherokee syllabary chart • A bibliography of sources that describes the focus of each entry and identifies its benefit and intended audience • Photographs of road signs in Cherokee, NC written in English and in the Cherokee syllabary

The Invention of the Model

The Invention of the Model
"Artists and Models in Paris, 1830-1870 "

by Susan Waller

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-05
  • Pages : 186
  • ISBN : 1351543393
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although mastery of the representation of the human figure was central to art making as early as the fifteenth century in Europe, in the nineteenth-century French imagination the artist's model became identified as a distinct social type and cultural trope. This study of the artist's model in Paris between 1830 and 1870 incorporates three histories: a social history of professional models, a cultural history of models as social types, and an art history of representations of the model in elite and popular visual culture. It takes as its starting point the artist-model transaction: demonstrating that stereotypes of 'the model' that figured in the public imagination were framed both by gender and ethnicity, the book develops a nuanced typology of different types of models. Interwoven with the analysis of the constructed identities of models are accounts of the lives of particular models and the histories of the urban population groups from which they emerged. The Invention of the Model: Artists and Models in Paris, 1830-1870 is an adept exploration of a major issue in nineteenth-century art which will be of interest not only to art historians, but also to social and French cultural historians.

The Invention of Cuneiform

The Invention of Cuneiform
Writing in Sumer

by Jean-Jacques Glassner,Donald M. Herron

  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 266
  • ISBN : 9780801873898
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In The Invention of Cuneiform Jean-Jacques Glassner offers a compelling introduction to a seminal era in human history. Returning to early Mesopotamian texts that have been little studied or poorly understood, he traces the development of writing from the earliest attempts to the sophisticated system of roughly 640 signs that constituted the Sumerian repertory by about 3200 B.C.