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The Lateralized Brain

The Lateralized Brain
The Neuroscience and Evolution of Hemispheric Asymmetries

by Sebastian Ocklenburg,Onur Gunturkun

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-12-29
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 012803453X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Lateralized Brain: The Neuroscience and Evolution of Hemispheric Asymmetries is an up-to-date teaching resource for neuroscience faculty members that teach courses concerning hemispheric asymmetries. The book provides students with all relevant information on the subject, while also giving aspiring researchers in the field an up-to-date overview of relevant, previous work. It is ideal for courses on hemispheric asymmetries, that is, the functional or structural differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain, and also highlights how the widespread use of modern neuroimaging techniques, such as fMRI and DTI has completely changed the way hemispheric asymmetries are currently investigated. Includes references to key articles, books, protocols and online resources for additional, detailed study Presents classic studies that helped define the field Covers key concepts and methods that are explained in separate call out boxes for quick overview Provides introductory short stories (e.g. classic clinical cases) as a starting point for each chapter

Laterality

Laterality
Functional Asymmetry in the Intact Brain

by M. P. Bryden

  • Publisher : New York ; Toronto : Academic Press
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Laterality: Functional Asymmetry in the Intact Brain focuses on brain function and laterality as well as the various methods in assessing behavioral asymmetries, including handedness. It reviews the literature on perceptual-cognitive laterality effects in different sensory modalities, the lateralization of emotion and motor behavior, and the electrophysiological evidence. It also highlights some of the problems with the existing research and offers suggestions about the direction of future research. Organized into 17 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of cerebral asymmetry and the o ...

Lateralized Brain Functions

Lateralized Brain Functions
Methods in Human and Non-Human Species

by Lesley Rogers,Giorgio Vallortigara

  • Publisher : Humana Press
  • Release : 2016-12-05
  • Pages : 842
  • ISBN : 9781493967230
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume explores both simple and sophisticated techniques used in the study of different types of lateralization of brain and behavior. Research in this field increases our understanding of various brain functions in humans, other vertebrate species, and invertebrates. The book is divided into five parts: behavioral methods; neurobiological methods; electroencephalographic, imaging, and neuro-stimulation methods; genetic techniques; and development of lateralization. Part I addresses measuring lateralization by scoring behavior induced by inputs to one or the other side of the brain in a range of species. Part II covers neurobiological methods used to reveal lateralization, such as lesion studies, electrophysiology and pharmacology, early gene expression, and new optogenetic methods. Part III looks at imaging techniques, electroencephalographic techniques, and transcranial stimulation to reveal lateralization. Part IV describes techniques used to study the role of genes in the development and establishment of brain asymmetry in humans and other species. Lastly, Part V refers to methods used in the study of development of lateralization through the manipulation of sensory exposure, hormone levels, and in model systems. In Neuromethods series style, chapters include the kind of detail and key advice from the specialists needed to get successful results in your own laboratory. Cutting-edge and thorough, Lateralized Brain Function: Methods in Human and Non-Human Species is a valuable resource for investigating lateralization in a broad range of species and provides excellent advice for both new and veteran researchers.

Left Versus Right Asymmetries of Brain and Behaviour

Left Versus Right Asymmetries of Brain and Behaviour
A Book

by Lesley J. Rogers

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2019-12-12
  • Pages : 118
  • ISBN : 3039216929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a collection of papers written by leaders in the field of lateralized brain function and behaviour in non-human animals. The papers cover the asymmetry of brain mechanisms and behaviour in a wide range of both vertebrate and invertebrate species. Each paper focuses on one of the following topics: the link between population-level lateralization and social behaviour; the processes in the avian brain that permit one brain hemisphere to take control of behaviour; lateralized attention to predators and the common pattern of lateralization in vertebrate species; visual and auditory lateralization; influences that alter the development of lateralization—specifically, the effect of temperature on the development of lateralization in sharks; and the importance of understanding lateralization when considering both the training and welfare of dogs. Collectively, these studies address questions of why different species have asymmetry of brain and behaviour, how it develops, and how this is dealt with by these different species. The papers report on the lateralization of different types of behaviour, each going beyond merely reporting the presence of asymmetry and shedding light on its function and on the mechanisms involved in its expression.

Divided Brains

Divided Brains
The Biology and Behaviour of Brain Asymmetries

by Lesley J. Rogers,Giorgio Vallortigara,Richard J. Andrew

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2013-01-17
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139619330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Asymmetry of the brain and behaviour (lateralization) has traditionally been considered unique to humans. However, research has shown that this phenomenon is widespread throughout the vertebrate kingdom and found even in some invertebrate species. A similar basic plan of organisation exists across vertebrates. Summarising the evidence and highlighting research from the last twenty years, the authors discuss lateralization from four perspectives - function, evolution, development and causation - covering a wide range of animals, including humans. The evolution of lateralization is traced from our earliest ancestors, through fish and reptiles to birds and mammals. The benefits of having a divided brain are discussed, as well as the influence of experience on its development. A final chapter discusses outstanding problems and areas for further investigation. Experts in this field, the authors present the latest scientific knowledge clearly and engagingly, making this a valuable tool for anyone interested in the biology and behaviour of brain asymmetries.

Amobarbital Effects and Lateralized Brain Function

Amobarbital Effects and Lateralized Brain Function
The Wada Test

by David W. Loring,Kimford J. Meador,Gregory P. Lee,Don W. King

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 1461228743
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The intracarotid amobarbital (or Amytal) procedure is commonly referred to as the Wada test in tribute to Juhn Wada, the physician who devised the technique and performed the fIrst basic animal research and clinical studies with this method. Wada testing has become an integral part of the pre operative evaluation for epilepsy surgery. Interestingly, however, Wada initially developed this method as a technique to assess language dominance in psychiatric patients in order that electroconvulsant therapy could be applied unilaterally to the non-dominant hemisphere. Epilepsy surgery has matured as a viable treatment for intractable seizures and is no longer confmed to a few major universities and medical institutes. Yet, as is increasingly clear by examining the surveys of approaches used by epilepsy surgery centers (e.g., Rausch, 1987; Snyder, Novelly, & Harris, 1990), there is not only great heterogeneity in the methods used during Wada testing to assess language and memory functions, but there also seems to be a lack of consensus regarding the theoretical assumptions, and perhaps, even the goals of this procedure.

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cerebral Lateralization in Nonhuman Species

Cerebral Lateralization in Nonhuman Species
A Book

by Stanley Glick

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 0323156916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Cerebral Lateralization in Nonhuman Species explores brain asymmetries in animals and the extent to which such asymmetries relate, in an evolutionary and clinical sense, to the pervasive asymmetries that characterize the human brain. Topics covered include cerebral lateralization in birds, rats, and nonhuman primates; the inheritance of direction and degree of asymmetry in the brain; the morphology of rat forebrain; and variation in the pattern of behavioral and brain asymmetries due to sex differences. Comprised of 11 chapters, this book opens with a historical overview of research into the cerebral lateralization of structures and functions in nonhuman species. The discussion then turns to lateralization of vocal control in songbirds and lateralization of several behaviors in domestic chicks. The inheritance of direction and degree of asymmetry is also considered, along with the morphology of rat forebrains. The following chapters focus on asymmetries in anatomy and pathology in the rodent brain; the link between brain lateralization and behavioral functions; and how early experiences can induce laterality. The final chapter analyzes the implications of brain asymmetries for evolution, genetics, and clinical syndromes. This monograph will be a useful resource for students, neuroscientists, clinicians, and other practitioners in fields ranging from psychobiology and psychology to anatomical sciences, neurobiology, neurochemistry, and genetics.

The Parallel Brain

The Parallel Brain
The Cognitive Neuroscience of the Corpus Callosum

by Eran Zaidel,Marco Iacoboni

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 551
  • ISBN : 9780262240444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An overview of the central role in cognitive neuroscience of the corpus callosum, the bands of tissue connecting the brain's two hemispheres.

Manual Specialization and the Developing Brain

Manual Specialization and the Developing Brain
A Book

by Gerald Young

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 0323150608
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Manual Specialization and the Developing Brain deals with how the hands acquire different skills and what this may tell about the child's developing brain. This book is organized into three parts. Part I provides a general overview of lateralization development, while Part II compiles contributions that are more theoretical in nature. The last part summarizes the empirical research with neonates. This text specifically discusses the studies of early lateralized manual behaviors, character of human handedness, and factors that contribute toward variability in lateralization. The hemisphere differences in response to specific stimulus cues, phylogenetic perspective, and infant motor skills project are also elaborated. This text likewise covers the developmental view of hemispheric specialization and changes and constancies in development. This publication is useful to pediatricians, medical practitioners, and researchers concerned with early lateralized behavior.

Mind in Architecture

Mind in Architecture
Neuroscience, Embodiment, and the Future of Design

by Sarah Robinson,Juhani Pallasmaa

  • Publisher : Mit Press
  • Release : 2017-03
  • Pages : 259
  • ISBN : 026253360X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although we spend more than ninety percent of our lives inside buildings, we understand very little about how the built environment affects our behavior, thoughts, emotions, and well-being. We are biological beings whose senses and neural systems have developed over millions of years; it stands to reason that research in the life sciences, particularly neuroscience, can offer compelling insights into the ways our buildings shape our interactions with the world. This expanded understanding can help architects design buildings that support both mind and body. In Mind in Architecture, leading thinkers from architecture and other disciplines, including neuroscience, cognitive science, psychiatry, and philosophy, explore what architecture and neuroscience can learn from each other. They offer historical context, examine the implications for current architectural practice and education, and imagine a neuroscientifically informed architecture of the future. Architecture is late in discovering the richness of neuroscientific research. As scientists were finding evidence for the bodily basis of mind and meaning, architecture was caught up in convoluted cerebral games that denied emotional and bodily reality altogether. This volume maps the extraordinary opportunity that engagement with cutting-edge neuroscience offers present-day architects.

Schizophrenia Bulletin

Schizophrenia Bulletin
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Lateralization and cognitive systems

Lateralization and cognitive systems

by Sebastian Ocklenburg,Christian Beste,Onur Gunturkun, Marco Hirnstein

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2015-02-24
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889194116
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Left-right asymmetries of structure and function are a common organization principle in the brains of humans and non-human vertebrates alike. While there are inherently asymmetric systems such as the human language system or the song system of songbirds, the impact of structural or functional asymmetries on perception, cognition and behavior is not necessarily limited to these systems. For example, performance in experimental paradigms that assess executive functions such as inhibition, planning or action monitoring is influenced by information processing in the bottom-up channel. Depending on the type of stimuli used, one hemisphere can be more efficient in processing than the other and these functional cerebral asymmetries have been shown to modulate the efficacy of executive functions via the bottom-up channel. We only begin to understand the complex neuronal mechanisms underlying this interaction between hemispheric asymmetries and cognitive systems. Therefore, it is the aim of this Research Topics to further elucidate how structural or functional hemispheric asymmetries modulate perception, cognition and behavior in the broadest sense.

Canada's Mental Health

Canada's Mental Health
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Language Functions and Brain Organization

Language Functions and Brain Organization
A Book

by Sidney J. Segalowitz

  • Publisher : Orlando, Fla. ; Toronto : Academic Press
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 9780126356403
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Volume 1

Comprehensive Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Volume 1
Intellectual and Neuropsychological Assessment

by Gerald Goldstein,Sue R. Beers

  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release : 2003-09-22
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN : 9780471416111
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In one volume, the leading researchers in intelligence and neuropsychological assessment interpret the range of issues related to intellectual and neuropsychological tests, including test development and psychometrics, clinical applications, ethical and legal concerns, use with diverse populations, computerization, and the latest research. Clinicians and researchers who use these instruments will find this volume invaluable, as it contains the most comprehensive and up-to-date information available on this important aspect of practice.

Clinical Neuropsychology

Clinical Neuropsychology
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience: H-O

Encyclopedia of Behavioral Neuroscience: H-O
A Book

by George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal,Richard F. Thompson

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 1653
  • ISBN : 9780080447346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology

Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology
The Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Workers' Compensation Year Book

Workers' Compensation Year Book
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2001
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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