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The Mechanics of Hydrogels

The Mechanics of Hydrogels
Mechanical Properties, Testing, and Applications

by Hua Li,Vadim V. Silberschmidt

  • Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
  • Release : 2020-10-01
  • Pages : 500
  • ISBN : 0081028636
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Mechanics of Hydrogels: Mechanical Properties, Testing, and Applications offers readers a systematic description of the mechanical properties and characterizations of hydrogels. Practical topics such as manufacturing hydrogels with controlled mechanical properties and the mechanical testing of hydrogels are covered at length, as are areas such as inelastic and nonlinear deformation, rheological characterization, fracture and indentation testing, mechanical properties of cellularly responsive hydrogels, and more. Proper instrumentation and modeling techniques for measuring the mechanical properties of hydrogels are also explored. Links the mechanical and biological behaviors and applications of hydrogels Looks at the manufacturing and mechanical testing of hydrogels Discusses the design and use of hydrogels in a wide array of applications

Synthesis of Novel Hydrogels with Unique Mechanical Properties

Synthesis of Novel Hydrogels with Unique Mechanical Properties
A Book

by Yi Cao,Kerstin G. Blank,Fei Sun

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2020-12-23
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889662594
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanics of Hydrogels and Biological Tissues

Mechanics of Hydrogels and Biological Tissues
A Book

by Jessica A. Zimberlin

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theoretical and Numerical Study on Fracture Mechanics of Hydrogels

Theoretical and Numerical Study on Fracture Mechanics of Hydrogels
A Book

by Yalin Yu

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogels consist of cross-linked polymer chains and water molecules. Due to the coupling between deformation of the polymer network and diffusion of the solvent molecules, the fracture behavior of hydrogels is quite different from that of polymers and rubbers. This dissertation presents theoretical and numerical studies on fracture behavior of hydrogels with linear and nonlinear theories. For the study of stationary cracks, a centered crack model is used for hydrogel specimens under the plane strain condition. Asymptotic analysis of the crack tip fields is presented based on a linear poroelastic formulation for different chemical boundary conditions (immersed and not-immersed). For both cases, a finite element method is developed under different mechanical loading conditions (displacement-control and load-control). The evolution of the crack-tip energy release rate is calculated by a modified path-independent J-integral that takes the effect of energy dissipation due to solvent diffusion into account. Numerical results agree well with the asymptotic solutions of the crack-tip fields. Under load control, the crack-tip energy release rate increases over time, which suggests the onset of crack growth may be delayed until the crack-tip energy release rate reaches a critical value (fracture toughness). For steady-state crack growth of hydrogels, a semi-infinite crack in a long strip specimen subject to plane-strain loading is studied with both asymptotic and numerical analysis. The crack-tip energy release rate is found to be smaller than the applied energy release rate due to poroelastic shielding. The characteristic size of the poroelastic crack-tip field is inversely proportional to the crack speed. For relatively fast crack growth, the crack-tip energy release rate decreases with increasing crack speed. For relatively slow crack growth, the energy release rate increases with increasing crack speed. The present results are found to be qualitatively consistent with previous experiments on the effects of velocity toughening, solvent viscosity and crack-tip soaking. Moreover, the effect of plane stress is examined with a cohesive zone model. Finally, the nonlinear effect due to large deformation is studied numerically based on a nonlinear poroelastic model

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
Design, Synthesis and Application in Drug Delivery and Regenerative Medicine

by Thakur Raghu Raj Singh,Garry Laverty,Ryan Donnelly

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-02-28
  • Pages : 344
  • ISBN : 1498748627
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hydrogels are crosslinked, macromolecular polymeric materials arranged in a three-dimensional network, which can absorb and retain large amounts of water. Hydrogels are commonly used in clinical practice and experimental medicine for a wide range of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, diagnostics, cellular immobilization, separation of biomolecules or cells, and barrier materials to regulate biological adhesions. This book elucidates the underlying concepts and emerging applications of hydrogels and will provide key case studies and critical analysis of the existing research.

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials & Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 4

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials & Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 4
Proceedings of the 2019 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Martha E. Grady

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-11-09
  • Pages : 92
  • ISBN : 3030300137
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials & Micro-and Nanomechanics, Volume 4 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fourth volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to important areas of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of topics, including: Extreme NanomechanicsIn-Situ NanomechanicsExpanding Boundaries in MetrologyMicro and Nanoscale DeformationMEMS for Actuation, Sensing and Characterization1D & 2D MaterialsCardiac MechanicsCell Mechanics Biofilms and Microbe MechanicsTraumatic Brain InjuryOrthopedic BiomechanicsLigaments and Soft Materials

Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering

Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering
A Book

by Lakshmi S Nair

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2015-12-28
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 1783267488
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Regenerative engineering, with its ability to foster novel therapeutic techniques and strategies, has emerged as the most versatile and innovative technology of the 21st century. The past few years have seen a significant interest in the development of injectable hydrogels as a delivery system to realize the dream of regenerative engineering. The book will explain synthetic approaches towards developing injectable hydrogels, and the clinical implications and applications of injectable hydrogels for engineering various tissues. Injectable Hydrogels for Regenerative Engineering is the first of its kind to bring together the fields of injectable hydrogels and regenerative engineering to give a perspective of the emerging therapeutic strategies for a wide audience. Contents:Regenerative Engineering: Role of Scaffolds, Cells, and Growth Factors (F Sharmin, C C McDermott, Y M Khan)Injectable Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications (B Balakrishnan, A Jayakrishnan)Injectable Hydrogels by Physical Crosslinking (M J Glassman, B D Olsen)Injectable Hydrogels by Chemical Crosslinking (B Balakrishnan)Injectable Hydrogels by Enzymatic Crosslinking (S V Gohil, C W Hanna, L S Nair)Injectable Hydrogels as Tissue Adhesives (N Oliva, N Artzi)Injectable Hydrogels for Intervertebral Tissue Regeneration (T Karukonda, I L Moss)Injectable Hydrogels for Neural Tissue Regeneration (X Li, D Campbell-Rance, X Liu, N Zhang, X Wen)Injectable Hydrogels for Articular Cartilage Regeneration (B Choi, M Lee)Injectable Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Regeneration Post-Myocardial Infarction (G N Grover, K L Christman) Readership: Professionals, undergraduate and graduate students in the field of bioengineering and biological chemistry. Key Features:First book that focuses specifically on injectable hydrogels for regenerative engineering — two fast growing areas that will revolutionize the 21st century therapeutic strategyThe book will cover synthetic approaches to injectable hydrogels and current biomedical applicationsAll chapters are written by experts in the respective fields describing the various facets of injectable hydrogels, their significance and applications. Professionals and students in engineering, science, industry and clinicians will find the book to be an invaluable reference/ textbookKeywords:Hydrogels;Injectable;Regenerative Engineering;Drug Delivery;Cell Delivery;Scaffold

Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 6

Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 6
Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Tom Proulx

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2011-06-01
  • Pages : 884
  • ISBN : 9781441997920
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This the sixth volume of six from the Annual Conference of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, 2010, brings together 128 chapters on Experimental and Applied Mechanics. It presents early findings from experimental and computational investigations including High Accuracy Optical Measurements of Surface Topography, Elastic Properties of Living Cells, Standards for Validating Stress Analyses by Integrating Simulation and Experimentation, Efficiency Enhancement of Dye-sensitized Solar Cell, and Blast Performance of Sandwich Composites With Functionally Graded Core.

Mechanics of Biomaterials

Mechanics of Biomaterials
A Book

by Amir. A Zadpoor

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2018-10-04
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN : 3038421286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Mechanics of Biomaterials" that was published in Materials

Tunable Hydrogels

Tunable Hydrogels
Smart Materials for Biomedical Applications

by Antonina Lavrentieva

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 3030767698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Smart Hydrogel Modelling

Smart Hydrogel Modelling
A Book

by Hua Li

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-01-26
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN : 9783642023682
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The science of mathematical modelling and numerical simulation is generally accepted as the third mode of scienti?c discovery (with the other two modes being experiment and analysis), making this ?eld an integral component of c- ting edge scienti?c and industrial research in most domains. This is especially so in advanced biomaterials such as polymeric hydrogels responsive to biostimuli for a wide range of potential BioMEMS applications, where multiphysics and mul- phase are common requirements. These environmental stimuli-responsive hydrogels are often known as smart hydrogels. In the published studies on the smart or stimu- responsive hydrogels, the literature search clearly indicates that the vast majority are experimental based. In particular, although there are a few published books on the smart hydrogels, none is involved in the modelling of smart hydrogels. For the few published journal papers that conducted mathematical modelling and numerical simulation, results were far from satisfactory, and showed signi?cant d- crepancies when compared with existing experimental data. This has resulted in ad hoc studies of these hydrogel materials mainly conducted by trial and error. This is a very time-consuming and inef?cient process, and certain aspects of fun- mental knowledge are often missed or overlooked, resulting in off-tangent research directions.

Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering

Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering
A Book

by L Hench,J. Jones

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-09-27
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1845690869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Maintaining quality of life in an ageing population is one of the great challenges of the 21st Century. This book summarises how this challenge is being met by multi-disciplinary developments of specialty biomaterials, devices, artificial organs and in-vitro growth of human cells as tissue engineered constructs. Biomaterials, Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering is intended for use as a textbook in a one semester course for upper level BS, MS and Meng students. The 25 chapters are organized in five parts: Part one provides an introduction to living and man-made materials for the non-specialist; Part two is an overview of clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices; Part three summarises the bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs; Part four presents the concepts, cell techniques, scaffold materials and applications of tissue engineering; Part five provides an overview of the complex socio-economic factors involved in technology based healthcare, including regulatory controls, technology transfer processes and ethical issues. Comprehensive introduction to living and man-made materials Looks at clinical applications of various biomaterials and devices Bioengineering principles, materials and designs used in artificial organs are summarised

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 2

Challenges in Mechanics of Time Dependent Materials, Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 2
Proceedings of the 2019 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Meredith Silberstein,Alireza Amirkhizi,Xia Shuman,Allison Beese,Ryan B. Berke,Garrett Pataky

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2019-12-05
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 3030299864
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Challenges in Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials, Volume 2 of the Proceedings of the 2019 SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the second volume of six from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on fundamental and applied aspects of Experimental Mechanics, including papers in the following general technical research areas: Characterization Across Length Scales Extreme Conditions & Environmental Effects Soft Materials and Biomaterials Damage, Fatigue and Fracture Structure, Function and Performance Rate Effects in Elastomers Viscoelasticity & Viscoplasticity Research in Progress In-situ Techniques and Microscale Effects on Mechanical Behavior Fracture and Fatigue in Brittle Materials Novel Experimental Methods Fatigue and Fracture in Extreme Environments Integration of Models and Experiments Failure in Elastomers and Gels Rate Effects in Elastomers Microscale and Microstructural Effects on Mechanical Behavior Mechanics of Energy Materials Additive Manufacturing: Fatigue and Fracture Mechanics of Composite Materials Interfacial and Mixed-Mode Fracture Vibration Effects and High Cycle Fatigue

Measuring the Mechanical Response of Swollen Hydrogels

Measuring the Mechanical Response of Swollen Hydrogels
A Book

by Ryan James Monroe

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 184
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 6

Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 6
Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Srinivasan Arjun Tekalur,Pablo Zavattieri,Chad S Korach

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-29
  • Pages : 154
  • ISBN : 3319214551
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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5thInternational Symposium on the Mechanics of Biological Systems and Materials, Volume 6 of the Proceedings of the 2015SEM Annual Conference& Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the sixth volume of nine from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Soft Tissues Mechanics Bio-Engineering and Biomechanics Natural Materials & Bio-Inspiration Novel Techniques and Experiments in Biomechanics Tissue Engineering Cells Mechanics

Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 4

Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 4
Proceedings of the 2016 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics

by Yong Zhu,Alan T. Zehnder

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-09-16
  • Pages : 170
  • ISBN : 3319420283
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Volume 4 of the Proceedings of the 2016 SEM Annual Conference & Exposition on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the fourth volume of ten from the Conference, brings together contributions to important areas of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of topics, including: Hybrid Experimental & Computational Techniques Advanced Experimental Mechanics Methods Integration of Models & Experiments Soft Materials Education & Research in Progress Applications

4th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 23 - 27 November 2008, Antwerp, Belgium

4th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 23 - 27 November 2008, Antwerp, Belgium
A Book

by Jos van der Sloten,Pascal Verdonck,Marc Nyssen,Jens Haueisen

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-02-04
  • Pages : 2808
  • ISBN : 9783540892083
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The 4th European Congress of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Federation was held in Antwerp, November 2008. The scientific discussion on the conference and in this conference proceedings include the following issues: Signal & Image Processing ICT Clinical Engineering and Applications Biomechanics and Fluid Biomechanics Biomaterials and Tissue Repair Innovations and Nanotechnology Modeling and Simulation Education and Professional

Active Matter

Active Matter
A Book

by Skylar Tibbits

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2017-09-22
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN : 0262036800
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The past few decades brought a revolution in computer software and hardware; today we are on the cusp of a materials revolution. If yesterday we programmed computers and other machines, today we program matter itself. This has created new capabilities in design, computing, and fabrication, which allow us to program proteins and bacteria, to generate self-transforming wood products and architectural details, and to create clothing from "intelligent textiles" that grow themselves. This book offers essays and sample projects from the front lines of the emerging field of active matter. Active matter and programmable materials are at the intersection of science, art, design, and engineering, with applications in fields from biology and computer science to architecture and fashion. These essays contextualize current work and explore recent research. Sample projects, generously illustrated in color, show the range of possibilities envisioned by their makers. Contributors explore the design of active material at scales from nano to micro, kilo, and even planetary. They investigate processes of self-assembly at a microscopic level; test new materials that can sense and actuate themselves; and examine the potential of active matter in the built environment and in living and artificial systems. Active Matter is an essential guide to a field that could shape the future of design.

Intelligent Hydrogels

Intelligent Hydrogels
A Book

by Gabriele Sadowski,Walter Richtering

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-01-28
  • Pages : 279
  • ISBN : 3319016830
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume of Progress in Colloid and Polymer Science assembles original contributions and invited reviews from the priority research program "Intelligent Hydrogels", funded by the German Science Foundation DFG since 2006, with about 25 contributing research groups. In the center of interest of this program and the present book are responsive hydrogels, i.e. hydrophilic polymer or polyelectrolyte networks that are able to respond to environmental stimuli such as changes in temperature, pH, additive concentration or electrical field. The activities focus on different aspects: on hydrogel synthesis, on the modeling and simulation of thermophysical hydrogel properties, as well as on innovative new hydrogel applications as smart materials. The present book summarizes the highlights in the results of the priority program in original contributions and invited reviews.

Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications

Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications
Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2019), September 2-4, 2019, Cape Town, South Africa

by Alphose Zingoni

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2019-08-21
  • Pages : 882
  • ISBN : 0429761171
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advances in Engineering Materials, Structures and Systems: Innovations, Mechanics and Applications comprises 411 papers that were presented at SEMC 2019, the Seventh International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation, held in Cape Town, South Africa, from 2 to 4 September 2019. The subject matter reflects the broad scope of SEMC conferences, and covers a wide variety of engineering materials (both traditional and innovative) and many types of structures. The many topics featured in these Proceedings can be classified into six broad categories that deal with: (i) the mechanics of materials and fluids (elasticity, plasticity, flow through porous media, fluid dynamics, fracture, fatigue, damage, delamination, corrosion, bond, creep, shrinkage, etc); (ii) the mechanics of structures and systems (structural dynamics, vibration, seismic response, soil-structure interaction, fluid-structure interaction, response to blast and impact, response to fire, structural stability, buckling, collapse behaviour); (iii) the numerical modelling and experimental testing of materials and structures (numerical methods, simulation techniques, multi-scale modelling, computational modelling, laboratory testing, field testing, experimental measurements); (iv) innovations and special structures (nanostructures, adaptive structures, smart structures, composite structures, bio-inspired structures, shell structures, membranes, space structures, lightweight structures, long-span structures, tall buildings, wind turbines, etc); (v) design in traditional engineering materials (steel, concrete, steel-concrete composite, aluminium, masonry, timber, glass); (vi) the process of structural engineering (conceptualisation, planning, analysis, design, optimization, construction, assembly, manufacture, testing, maintenance, monitoring, assessment, repair, strengthening, retrofitting, decommissioning). The SEMC 2019 Proceedings will be of interest to civil, structural, mechanical, marine and aerospace engineers. Researchers, developers, practitioners and academics in these disciplines will find them useful. Two versions of the papers are available. Short versions, intended to be concise but self-contained summaries of the full papers, are in this printed book. The full versions of the papers are in the e-book.