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The Mechanisms of Metallurgical Failure

The Mechanisms of Metallurgical Failure
On the Origin of Fracture

by John Campbell

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2020-05-21
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 012822679X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Metallurgy of Fracture: The Mechanics of Metal Failure looks at the origin of metal defects, their related mechanisms of failure, and the modification of casting procedures to eliminate these defects, clearly connecting the strength and durability of metals with their fabrication process. The book starts with a focus on the fracture of liquids, looking at topics such as homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation, entrainment processes in bifilms and bubbles, furling and unfurling, ingot casting, continuous casting, and more. From there it discusses fracture of liquid and solid state, focusing on topics such as externally and internally initiated tearing. The book then concludes with a section discussing fracture of solid metals covering concepts such as ductility and brittleness, dislocation mechanisms, the relationship between the microstructure and properties of metals, corrosion, hydrogen embrittlement, and more. Improved approaches to fabrication and casting processes that will help eliminate these defects are provided throughout. Looks at how the fracture of metals originates in the liquid-state due to poor casting practices Offers improved casting techniques to reduce liquid-state borne fracture Draws attention to the parallels between fracture initiation in the liquid and solid states Covers spall tests and how to improve material quality by hot isostatic pressing

Metal Failures

Metal Failures
Mechanisms, Analysis, Prevention

by Arthur J. McEvily,Jirapong Kasivitamnuay

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-09-16
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 1118163966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the only texts available to cover not only how failure occurs but also examine methods developed to expose the reasons for failure, Metal Failures has long been considered the most definitive and authoritative resources in metallurgical failure analysis. Now in a completely revised edition, this Second Edition features updates of all chapters plus new coverage of elastic behavior and plastic deformation, localized necking, the phenomenological aspects of fatigue, fatigue crack propagation, alloys and coatings, tensors and tensor notations, and much more.

Metal Failures

Metal Failures
Mechanisms, Analysis, Prevention

by Arthur J. McEvily,Jirapong Kasivitamnuay

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 2013-09-16
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN : 9781118433751
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the only texts available to cover not only how failure occurs but also examine methods developed to expose the reasons for failure, Metal Failures has long been considered the most definitive and authoritative resources in metallurgical failure analysis. Now in a completely revised edition, this Second Edition features updates of all chapters plus new coverage of elastic behavior and plastic deformation, localized necking, the phenomenological aspects of fatigue, fatigue crack propagation, alloys and coatings, tensors and tensor notations, and much more.

Understanding How Components Fail, 3rd Edition

Understanding How Components Fail, 3rd Edition

by Donald J. Wulpi

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2013-10-01
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 1627080147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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One of the first books new engineers and technicians should read. This new edition of the perennial best seller preserves the core of the previous editions, focusing on the metallurgical and materials evaluation for failure mode identification. Comprehensive information covering the basic principles and practices are clearly explained.

Fractography and Failure Analysis

Fractography and Failure Analysis
A Book

by Jorge Luis González-Velázquez

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-03-19
  • Pages : 165
  • ISBN : 3319766511
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents fractography and failure analysis at a level that is accessible for non-expert readers, without losing scientific rigor. It offers a comprehensive description of fracture surfaces in engineering materials, with an emphasis on metals, and of the methodology for the observation of fracture surfaces. It also discusses in detail the main fracture mechanisms and their corresponding fracture surfaces, including brittle, ductile, fatigue, and environmental fractures. The last chapter is dedicated to the use of fractography in determining of the causes component failure. In modern engineering, the analysis of fractured components is a common practice in many fields, such as integrity management systems, materials science research, and failure investigations. As such this book is useful for engineers, scientists, engineering students, loss adjuster surveyors and any professional dealing with fractured components.

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries

Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis with Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries
A Book

by Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2015-09-07
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 0081001258
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Materials Failure Analysis: With Case Studies from the Chemicals, Concrete and Power Industries provides an in-depth examination of materials failure in specific situations, a vital component in both developing and engineering new solutions. This handbook covers analysis of materials failure in the chemical, power, and structures arenas, where the failure of a single component can result in devastating consequences and costs. Material defects, mechanical failure as a result of improper design, corrosion, surface fracture, and other failure mechanisms are described in the context of real world case studies involving steam generators, boiler tubes, gas turbine blades, welded structures, chemical conversion reactors and more. This book is an indispensable reference for engineers and scientists studying the mechanisms of failure in these fields. Introduces readers to modern analytical techniques in materials failure analysis Combines foundational knowledge with current research on the latest developments and innovations in the field Includes many compelling case studies of materials failure in chemical processing plants, concrete structures, and power generation systems

Casting Processes and Modelling of Metallic Materials

Casting Processes and Modelling of Metallic Materials
A Book

by Zak Abdallah,Nada Aldoumani

  • Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
  • Release : 2021-02-24
  • Pages : 166
  • ISBN : 1839684313
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book, Casting Processes and Modelling of Metallic Materials, explores the various casting and modelling activities related to metallic alloy systems. The book provides results of research work conducted by experts from all over the globe to add to the research community in the era of the casting process and modelling. The book was edited by two experts in the field of materials science and modelling, Dr. Abdallah and Dr. Aldoumani, whom both have several publications in peer-reviewed journals, worldwide conferences, and scientific books. The book introduces the casting processes and then discusses the various issues and possible solutions. Over the past years, various models have been proposed and utilized to predict the performance of castings. Some of these models proved to be accurate whereas others failed to predict the casting performance. The strength of any predictive tool depends on the employment of physically meaningful parameters that replicate the real-life conditions. This has been illustrated in the current book with such predictive models and finite element (FE) modelling to illustrate the behaviour of castings in real-life conditions.

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics

Fracture and Fracture Mechanics
Case Studies

by R. B. Tait,G. G. Garrett

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 1483155471
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fracture and Fracture Mechanics: Case Studies contains the proceedings of the Second National Conference on Fracture, held at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa on November 26-27, 1984. This book presents case studies in fracture and fracture mechanics and highlights the problems associated with fracture, failure analysis, and safe design in industries as diverse as mining, power generation, transport, petrochemical, and manufacturing. This book has 29 chapters divided into five sections and opens with a discussion on the role of professional complacency in bridge failures. The first section is devoted to failure investigation and covers topics ranging from failure analysis of a hydraulic retarder piston to the use of scanning electron microscopy in investigating tungsten carbide-cobalt fractured components. The second section deals with slow crack growth and considers an approach to assessing structural integrity and fatigue failures in vibrating equipment. Failures arising from repair welding and incomplete heat treatment are described. The remaining chapters explore fitness for purpose evaluation of fractures; the environmental effects of fractures; and case studies of failure prevention in industries such as petrochemical, power generation, and transportation. This monograph will be of interest to structural engineers, metallurgists, and materials scientists and technologists.

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture
An Introduction

by A. F. Liu

  • Publisher : ASM International(OH)
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9780871708021
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook explains how machine and structural parts fail, clarifies why one piece fails in a certain way and another piece fails differently, and provides engineering tools for analyzing these failures. The author focuses on the mechanical behavior of metals, but also touches briefly on ceramics, plastics, and fiber-reinforced composites. The a

U.S. Government Research Reports

U.S. Government Research Reports
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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ESD

ESD
Failure Mechanisms and Models

by Steven H. Voldman

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2009-07-01
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN : 0470747269
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Electrostatic discharge (ESD) failure mechanisms continue to impact semiconductor components and systems as technologies scale from micro- to nano-electronics. This book studies electrical overstress, ESD, and latchup from a failure analysis and case-study approach. It provides a clear insight into the physics of failure from a generalist perspective, followed by investigation of failure mechanisms in specific technologies, circuits, and systems. The book is unique in covering both the failure mechanism and the practical solutions to fix the problem from either a technology or circuit methodology. Look inside for extensive coverage on: failure analysis tools, EOS and ESD failure sources and failure models of semiconductor technology, and how to use failure analysis to design more robust semiconductor components and systems; electro-thermal models and technologies; the state-of-the-art technologies discussed include CMOS, BiCMOS, silicon on insulator (SOI), bipolar technology, high voltage CMOS (HVCMOS), RF CMOS, smart power, gallium arsenide (GaAs), gallium nitride (GaN), magneto-resistive (MR) , giant magneto-resistors (GMR), tunneling magneto-resistor (TMR), devices; micro electro-mechanical (MEM) systems, and photo-masks and reticles; practical methods to use failure analysis for the understanding of ESD circuit operation, temperature analysis, power distribution, ground rule development, internal bus distribution, current path analysis, quality metrics, (connecting the theoretical to the practical analysis); the failure of each key element of a technology from passives, active elements to the circuit, sub-system to package, highlighted by case studies of the elements, circuits and system-on-chip (SOC) in today’s products. ESD: Failure Mechanisms and Models is a continuation of the author’s series of books on ESD protection. It is an essential reference and a useful insight into the issues that confront modern technology as we enter the Nano-electronic era.

Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers

Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers
A Book

by David French

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 1993-03-10
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 9780471558392
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Due to a dramatic increase in the interest and understanding of boiler-tube failure analysis, this edition has been updated and expanded. New features include material on fluid dynamics, heat transfer and stress calculations; remaining life assessment of boilers being used beyond their original design expectations; mechanical engineering aspects of boiler design; more information on fatigue, creep, thermal stress for carbon as well as stainless steels; suggestions to prevent future failures.

Failure Mechanisms in Alloys

Failure Mechanisms in Alloys
A Book

by George A. Pantazopoulos

  • Publisher : MDPI
  • Release : 2020-03-19
  • Pages : 476
  • ISBN : 303928276X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The era of lean production and excellence in manufacturing, advancing with sustainable development, demands the rational utilization of raw materials and energy resources, adopting cleaner and environmentally-friendly industrial processes. In view of the new industrial revolution, through digital transformation, the exploitation of smart and sophisticated materials systems, the need of minimizing scrap and increasing efficiency, reliability and lifetime and, on the other hand, the pursuit of fuel economy and limitation of carbon footprint, are necessary conditions for the imminent growth in a highly competitive economy. Failure analysis is an interdisciplinary scientific topic, reflecting the opinions and interpretations coming from a systematic evidence-gathering procedure, embracing various important sectors, imparting knowledge, and substantiating improvement practices. The deep understanding of material/component role (e.g., rotating shaft, extrusion die, gas pipeline) and properties will be of central importance for fitness for purpose in certain industrial processes and applications. Finally, it is hoped and strongly believed that the accumulation of additional knowledge in the field of failure mechanisms and the adoption of the principles, philosophy, and deep understanding of failure analysis process approach will strongly promote the learning concept, as a continuously evolving process leading to personal and social progress and prosperity.

Metallurgy for Physicists and Engineers

Metallurgy for Physicists and Engineers
Fundamentals, Applications, and Calculations

by Zainul Huda

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2020-02-26
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0429560591
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Relating theory with practice to provide a holistic understanding of the subject and enable critical thinking, this book covers fundamentals of physical metallurgy, materials science, microstructural development, ferrous and nonferrous alloys, mechanical metallurgy, fracture mechanics, thermal processing, surface engineering, and applications. This textbook covers principles, applications, and 200 worked examples/calculations along with 70 MCQs with answers. These attractive features render this volume suitable for recommendation as a textbook of physical metallurgy for undergraduate as well as Master level programs in Metallurgy, Physics, Materials Science, and Mechanical Engineering. The text offers in-depth treatment of design against failure to help readers develop the skill of designing materials and components against failure. The book also includes design problems on corrosion prevention and heat treatments for aerospace and automotive applications. Important materials properties data are provided wherever applicable. Aimed at engineering students and practicing engineers, this text provides readers with a deep understanding of the basics and a practical view of the discipline of metallurgy/materials technology.

Metal Fatigue

Metal Fatigue
What It Is, Why It Matters

by L.P. Pook

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2007-04-30
  • Pages : 271
  • ISBN : 1402055978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents important concepts in metal fatigue in a straightforward manner, for the benefit of readers who must understand more advanced documents on a wide range of metal fatigue topics. The text shows how metal fatigue problems are solved in engineering practice. The book assumes no prior knowledge of metal fatigue, requiring only a basic understanding of stress analysis and mathematics covered in engineering undergraduate courses.

Metallography in Failure Analysis

Metallography in Failure Analysis
A Book

by J. McCall

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 302
  • ISBN : 146132856X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Detailed analyses of failures of material components have proved to be valuable in many ways; by preventing further failures, by assessing the validity of designs and the selection of materials, by uncovering shortcomings in the processing of the materials in volved through characterizations of defects, and by revealing problems introduced during the manufacture or fabrication of the component. Increased recognition of the value of performing failure analyses has caused the field to develop into a very active area of tech nical endeavor. Failure analysis has been employed in numerous different technical dis ciplines and has proven beneficial. The increased activity has caused many new and im proved methods for performing these analyses to be developed. Among these are many methods which can be characterized as generally belonging to the field of metallography. In recognition of the important role that metallography plays in the performance of failure analyses, the absence of a text that specifically discusses this subject, and the be lief that communication of information on the subject would be of technical interest, The American Society for Metals and The International Metallographic Society co sponsored a symposium. The intent was to bring together world-recognized authorities working in various aspects of the failure analysis and metallographic fields to share meth ods they use, results they have obtained, and the purposes to which they utilized these results. The symposium, entitled "Metallography in Failure Analysis", was held in Hous ton, Texas, USA, July 17-18, 1977.

Microcircuit Reliability Bibliography

Microcircuit Reliability Bibliography
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1978
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Root Cause Failure Analysis

Root Cause Failure Analysis
A Guide to Improve Plant Reliability

by Trinath Sahoo

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-05-05
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1119615593
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Root Cause Failure Analysis Provides the knowledge and failure analysis skills necessary for preventing and investigating process equipment failures Process equipment and piping systems are essential for plant availability and performance. Regularly exposed to hazardous service conditions and damage mechanisms, these critical plant assets can result in major failures if not effectively monitored and assessed—potentially causing serious injuries and significant business losses. When used proactively, Root Cause Failure Analysis (RCFA) helps reliability engineers inspect the process equipment and piping system before any abnormal conditions occur. RCFA is equally important after a failure happens: it determines the impact of a failure, helps control the resultant damage, and identifies the steps for preventing future problems. Root Cause Failure Analysis: A Guide to Improve Plant Reliability offers readers clear understanding of degradation mechanisms of process equipment and the concepts needed to perform industrial RCFA investigations. This comprehensive resource describes the methodology of RCFA and provides multiple techniques and industry practices for identifying, predicting, and evaluating equipment failures. Divided into two parts, the text first introduces Root Cause Analysis, explains the failure analysis process, and discusses the management of both human and latent error. The second part focuses on failure analysis of various components such as bolted joints, mechanical seals, steam traps, gearboxes, bearings, couplings, pumps, and compressors. This authoritative volume: Illustrates how failures are associated with part integrity, a complete system, or the execution of an engineering process Describes how proper design, operation, and maintenance of the equipment help to enhance their reliability Covers analysis techniques and industry practices including 5-Why RCFA, fault tree analysis, Pareto charts, and Ishikawa diagrams Features a detailed case study of process plant machinery and a chapter on proactive measures for avoiding failures Bridging the gap between engineering education and practical application, Root Cause Failure Analysis: A Guide to Improve Plant Reliability is an important reference and guide for industrial professionals, including process plant engineers, planning managers, operation and maintenance engineers, process designers, chemical engineers, and instrument engineers. It is also a valuable text for researchers, instructors, and students in relevant areas of engineering and science.

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture

Mechanics and Mechanisms of Fracture
An Introduction

by Alan F. Liu

  • Publisher : ASM International
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 1615032525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy

Proceedings of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
Proceedings of the International Symposium on Fracture Mechanics, Winnipeg, Canada, August 23-26, 1987

by W. R. Tyson,B. Mukherjee

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-10-22
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1483191117
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Proceedings of the Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy