Download The Membranes of Cells Ebook PDF

The Membranes of Cells

The Membranes of Cells
A Book

by Philip Yeagle

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 349
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

In this new edition of The Membranes of Cells, all of the chapters have been updated, some have been completely rewritten, and a new chapter on receptors has been added. The book has been designed to provide both the student and researcher with a synthesis of information from a number of scientific disciplines to create a comprehensive view of the structure and function of the membranes of cells. The topics are treated in sufficient depth to provide an entry point to the more detailed literature needed by the researcher. Key Features * Introduces biologists to membrane structure and physical chemistry * Introduces biophysicists to biological membrane function * Provides a comprehensive view of cell membranes to students, either as a necessary background for other specialized disciplines or as an entry into the field of biological membrane research * Clarifies ambiguities in the field

Structure and Dynamics of Membranes

Structure and Dynamics of Membranes
I. From Cells to Vesicles / II. Generic and Specific Interactions

by R. Lipowsky,E. Sackmann

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1995-06-15
  • Pages : 1052
  • ISBN : 9780080541914
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The first volume of the Handbook deals with the amazing world of biomembranes and lipid bilayers. Part A describes all aspects related to the morphology of these membranes, beginning with the complex architecture of biomembranes, continues with a description of the bizarre morphology of lipid bilayers and concludes with technological applications of these membranes. The first two chapters deal with biomembranes, providing an introduction to the membranes of eucaryotes and a description of the evolution of membranes. The following chapters are concerned with different aspects of lipids including the physical properties of model membranes composed of lipid-protein mixtures, lateral phase separation of lipids and proteins and measurement of lipid-protein bilayer diffusion. Other chapters deal with the flexibility of fluid bilayers, the closure of bilayers into vesicles which attain a large variety of different shapes, and applications of lipid vesicles and liposomes. Part B covers membrane adhesion, membrane fusion and the interaction of biomembranes with polymer networks such as the cytoskeleton. The first two chapters of this part discuss the generic interactions of membranes from the conceptual point of view. The following two chapters summarize the experimental work on two different bilayer systems. The next chapter deals with the process of contact formation, focal bounding and macroscopic contacts between cells. The cytoskeleton within eucaryotic cells consists of a network of relatively stiff filaments of which three different types of filaments have been identified. As explained in the next chapter much has been recently learned about the interaction of these filaments with the cell membrane. The final two chapters deal with membrane fusion.

The Membranes of Animal Cells

The Membranes of Animal Cells
A Book

by Antony Peter Murray Lockwood

  • Publisher : Hodder Education
  • Release : 1971
  • Pages : 71
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Structure and Properties of Cell Membrane Structure and Properties of Cell Membranes

Structure and Properties of Cell Membrane Structure and Properties of Cell Membranes
Volume I

by Benga

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-01-18
  • Pages : 238
  • ISBN : 1351085417
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides in-depth presentations in membrane biology by specialists of international repute. The volumes examine world literature on recent advances in understanding the molecular struc-ture and properties of membranes, the role they play in cellular physiology and cell-cell interactions, and the alterations leading to abnormal cells. Illustrations, tables, and useful appendices com-plement the text. Those professionals actively working in the field of cell membrane investigations as well as biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, physicians, and academicians, will find this work beneficial.

The Structure of Biological Membranes

The Structure of Biological Membranes
A Book

by Philip L. Yeagle

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-07-18
  • Pages : 398
  • ISBN : 1439809585
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Biological membranes provide the fundamental structure of cells and viruses. Because much of what happens in a cell or in a virus occurs on, in, or across biological membranes, the study of membranes has rapidly permeated the fields of biology, pharmaceutical chemistry, and materials science. The Structure of Biological Membranes, Third Edition pro

Structure and Function of Plasma Membranes

Structure and Function of Plasma Membranes
Biology

by The Open The Open Courses Library

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-11-08
  • Pages : 51
  • ISBN : 9781706617525
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Structure and Function of Plasma Membranes Biology The plasma membrane, the cell membrane, has many functions, but the most basic one is to define the cell's borders and keep the cell functional. The plasma membrane is selectively permeable. This means that the membrane allows some materials to freely enter or leave the cell, while other materials cannot move freely, but require a specialized structure, and occasionally, even energy investment for crossing. Chapter Outline: Components and Structure Passive Transport Active Transport Bulk Transport The Open Courses Library introduces you to the best Open Source Courses.

Mammalian Cell Membranes

Mammalian Cell Membranes
Responses of Plasma Membranes

by G. A. Jamieson,D. M. Robinson

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-05-20
  • Pages : 328
  • ISBN : 1483162796
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Mammalian Cell Membranes, Volume 5: Responses of Plasma Membranes compiles broadly based reviews of specific areas of plasma membranes and introduces concepts and techniques from non-mammalian systems that may be useful in the application to eukaryotic cells. This book discusses about the turnover of mammalian surface membranes; influence of the solute environment on membrane; effects of hydrostatic pressure and radiation on cell membranes; and stimulation by hormones and regulation by nucleotides of adenylyl cyclases. Other topics include endocytosis; cell surface and growth in vitro; membranes and aging; host cell membranes in animal virus reproduction; and cytoplasmic membranes in somatic cell interaction and hybridization. This volume aims to provide a background of information and stimulation of interest to specialists and generalists working on mammalian cell membranes.

Regulation and Development of Membrane Transport Processes

Regulation and Development of Membrane Transport Processes
A Book

by James Stephen Graves

  • Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
  • Release : 1985
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This state-of-the-art assessment describes the means by which cell membrane transport systems are regulated in both epithelial and nonepithelial cells. Regulation and Development of Membrane Transport Processes leads readers from a physiological description of regulation toward a more mechanistic level of understanding. Distinguished researchers in physiology, biochemistry, genetics, and pharmacology offer key insights into the regulatory processes evoked by external stimuli, such as hormones or substrate limitation, and by the internal stimulus of genetically programmed development. Their multidisciplinary efforts define three forms of regulations: (1) gene expression leading to de novo synthesis; (2) insertion and removal of cytoplasmic membrane vesicles; and (3) in situ modification of the transport system in the membrane. Regulation and Development of Membrane Transport Processes reviews a wide spectrum of transport regulatory phenomena in eukaryotic cells and provides the groundwork for future research.

Structure and Properties of Cell Membrane Structure and Properties of Cell Membranes

Structure and Properties of Cell Membrane Structure and Properties of Cell Membranes
A Book

by Benga

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2017-11-29
  • Pages : 260
  • ISBN : 9781315897875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book provides in-depth presentations in membrane biology by specialists of international repute. The volumes examine world literature on recent advances in understanding the molecular struc-ture and properties of membranes, the role they play in cellular physiology and cell-cell interactions, and the alterations leading to abnormal cells. Illustrations, tables, and useful appendices com-plement the text. Those professionals actively working in the field of cell membrane investigations as well as biologists, biochemists, biophysicists, physicians, and academicians, will find this work beneficial.

On the Permeabilisation and Disruption of Cell Membranes by Ultrasound and Microbubbles

On the Permeabilisation and Disruption of Cell Membranes by Ultrasound and Microbubbles
A Book

by Raffi Karshafian

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN : 9780494677049
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Therapeutic efficacy of drugs depends on their ability to reach the treatment target. Drugs that exert their effect within cells are constrained by an inability to cross the cell membrane. Methods are being developed to overcome this barrier including biochemical and biophysical strategies. The application of ultrasound with microbubbles increases the permeability of cell membranes allowing molecules, which otherwise would be excluded, to enter the intracellular space of cells; a phenomenon known as sonoporation. This thesis describes studies aimed at improving our understanding of the mechanism underpinning sonoporation and of the exposure parameters affecting sonoporation efficiency.Cancer cells (KHT-C) in suspension were exposed to ultrasound and microbubbles--total of 97 exposure conditions. The effects on cells were assessed through uptake of cell-impermeable molecules (10 kDa to 2 MDa FITC-dextran), cell viability and microscopic observations of the plasma membrane using flow cytometry, colony assay and electron microscopy techniques.Sonoporation was a result of the interaction of ultrasound and microbubbles with the cell membrane. Disruptions (30-100 nm) were generated on the cell membrane allowing cell impermeable molecules to cross the membrane. Molecules up to 2 MDa in size were delivered at high efficiency (∼70% permeabilisation). Sonoporation was short lived; cells re-established their barrier function within one minute, which allowed compounds to remain inside the cell. Following uptake, cells remained viable; ∼50% of sonoporated cells proliferated. Sonoporation efficiency depended on ultrasound and microbubble exposure conditions. Microbubble disruption was a necessary but insufficient indicator of ultrasound-induced permeabilisation. The exposure conditions can be tailored to achieve a desired effect; cell permeability of ∼70% with ∼25% cell death versus permeability of ∼35% with ∼2% cell death. In addition, sonoporation depended on position in the cell cycle. Cells in later stages were more prone to being permeabilised and killed by ultrasound and microbubbles. This study indicated that sonoporation can be controlled through exposure parameters and that molecular size may not be a limiting factor. However, the transient nature may necessitate that the drug be in close vicinity to target cells in sonoporation-mediated therapies. Future work will extend the investigation into in vivo models.

The Membranes

The Membranes
A Book

by Albert Joseph Dalton

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1968
  • Pages : 223
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Globular micelles and the organization of membrane lipids; Structure and function of plasma membranes isolated from liver; Ultrastructural cytochemistry of the cellular membranes; Ultrastructure and function of cellular membranes.

Membrane Organization and Lipid Rafts in the Cell and Artificial Membranes

Membrane Organization and Lipid Rafts in the Cell and Artificial Membranes
A Book

by Angel Catalá

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-03-01
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN : 9781634845816
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book presents an overview of membrane organisation and lipid rafts in the cell and artificial membranes. The topics analysed in this book cover a broad spectrum of functions played by lipid rafts in membrane organisation within the cell and artificial membranes, and presents new information in this area of research. The topics analysed include: fluid-mosaic cell membrane structure from cellular control and domains to extracellular vesicles; lipid rafts in binary lipid/cholesterol membranes; membrane assembly and lipid rafts in the cell and artificial membranes; the effect of lipid peroxidation; drugs, delivery systems and membrane organisation in model and cell membranes; role of sphingomyelin on membrane domain formation and its influence in protein interaction focusing on the nanometer scale; lipid rafts and cell adhesion; mutual modulators of cell signaling; and finally, roles of glycosphingolipids in the regulation of the membrane organisation and cell signaling in lipid rafts.

Mammalian Cell Membranes

Mammalian Cell Membranes
A Book

by Graham A. Jamieson,David Mason Robinson

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 1976
  • Pages : 262
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Fluorescent Methods to Study Biological Membranes

Fluorescent Methods to Study Biological Membranes
A Book

by Yves Mely,Guy Duportail

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-10-10
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 3642331289
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Biological membranes play a central role in cell structure, shape and functions. However, investigating the membrane bilayer has proved to be difficult due to its highly dynamic and anisotropic structure, which generates steep gradients at the nanometer scale. Due to the decisive impact of recently developed fluorescence-based techniques, tremendous advances have been made in the last few years in our understanding of membrane characteristics and functions. In this context, the present book illustrates some of these major advances by collecting review articles written by highly respected experts. The book is organized in three parts, the first of which deals with membrane probes and model membranes. The second part describes the use of advanced quantitative and high-resolution techniques to explore the properties of biological membranes, illustrating the key progress made regarding membrane organization, dynamics and interactions. The third part is focused on the investigation of membrane proteins using the same techniques, and notably on the membrane receptors that play a central role in signaling pathways and therapeutic strategies. All chapters provide comprehensive information on membranes and their exploration for beginners in the field and advanced researchers alike.

Concepts of Membrane Structure

Concepts of Membrane Structure
A Book

by Ronald Aloia

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012-12-02
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0323155219
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Membrane Fluidity in Biology, Volume 1: Concepts of Membrane Structure covers membrane properties influenced by alterations in membrane lipid compositions and/or other organizational parameters that are encompassed by the term fluidity. This book is composed of eight chapters that discuss significance of fluidity changes in both normal and pathological cellular functions. This book starts by describing membrane structural organization and composition and arrangement of the molecular components of cell membranes. This is followed by discussions on structural properties of lipids and role of nonbilayer lipid structures in membrane fusion. The methodological approaches in study of cellular membrane structural diversity and fluid mosaic model for accurate representation of membrane fluidity are also discussed. This volume then describes the phenomenon of reversed or ""negative"" membrane images, as viewed with transmission electron microscope. Chapters 6 and 7 explain the interaction of cytochrome P-450 with phospholipids and proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum and steps in the derivation of membrane structure and packing principles. Finally, the concluding chapter focuses on the membrane of the human red blood cell and presents relatively simple arguments concerning its physical properties. The book will serve as a primary source for research scientists and teachers interested in cellular membrane fluidity phenomena.

Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes

Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes
A Book

by Sandor Damjanovich,Michael Edidin,Janos Szollosi,Lajos Tron

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1994-03-03
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780849349317
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

Cell surface membranes have long been characterized as two-dimensional fluids whose mobile components are randomized by diffusion in the plane of the membrane bilayer. Recent research has indicated that cell surface membranes are highly organized and ordered and that important functional units of membranes appear as arrays of interacting molecules rather than as single, freely diffusing molecules. Mobility and Proximity in Biological Membranes provides an overview of the results obtained from biophysical methods for probing the organization of cell surface membranes. These results are presented in the context of detailed treatments of the theory and the technical demands of each of the methods. The book describes a versatile and easily applied mode for investigating molecular proximities in plasma membranes in a flow cytometer. Its analysis of lipid fluidity and viscosity of membranes and the rotational mobility of proteins offers intimate insight into the physical chemistry of biological membranes. The electrophysiology of lymphocytes is presented with focus on its importance in different diseases. New techniques are described, and new data, new possibilities, and future trends are presented by world experts. This book's chapters can serve both as guides to the existing literature and as starting points for new experiments and approaches associated with problems in membrane function.

Transport Across Multi-Membrane Systems

Transport Across Multi-Membrane Systems
A Book

by G. Giebisch

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1978-12-01
  • Pages : 462
  • ISBN : 9783540085966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

The contributions of this volume are concerned with transport phenomena in multimembrane systems and in simple epithelia. In addition to the very substan tial progress that has been made in the area of transport of fluid and solutes across artifical model membranes in vitro and across simple symmetrical cell membranes, much has been learned from studies of transport phenomena in multi membrane systems of higher complexity to be reviewed in this volume. It should be recalled that many of the fundamental conceptual and methodological problems of transport physiology have been successfully approached and defin ed by studying simple epithelia in vitro, and that the direction that research has taken has been affected in a major way by the cellular transport models that have evolved from this approach. Since then striking progress has been made in several areas. Not only have we been witnessing a keen and productive interest in the realtionship between fine structure and transport behavior in multimem brane systems but significant advancements have also been made in defining individual active and passive transport operations, in analysing cell ion activities and transport pools, and in describing the differences in transport functions that underly the membrane asymmetry and cell polarization of cells subserving di rectional transport.

A Comparison of the Membranes of Bacillus Megaterium Spores and Cells

A Comparison of the Membranes of Bacillus Megaterium Spores and Cells
A Book

by Mary Lynn Elmes

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1983
  • Pages : 428
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells

High Temperature Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
Approaches, Status, and Perspectives

by Qingfeng Li,David Aili,Hans Aage Hjuler,Jens Oluf Jensen

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-10-15
  • Pages : 545
  • ISBN : 3319170821
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This book is a comprehensive review of high-temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). PEMFCs are the preferred fuel cells for a variety of applications such as automobiles, cogeneration of heat and power units, emergency power and portable electronics. The first 5 chapters of the book describe rationalization and illustration of approaches to high temperature PEM systems. Chapters 6 - 13 are devoted to fabrication, optimization and characterization of phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole membranes, the very first electrolyte system that has demonstrated the concept of and motivated extensive research activity in the field. The last 11 chapters summarize the state-of-the-art of technological development of high temperature-PEMFCs based on acid doped PBI membranes including catalysts, electrodes, MEAs, bipolar plates, modelling, stacking, diagnostics and applications.

Dynamics of Membrane Proteins and Cellular Energetics

Dynamics of Membrane Proteins and Cellular Energetics
A Book

by Norbert Latruffe,Yves Gaudemer,Pierre Vignais,Angelo Azzi

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 1988-08-31
  • Pages : 278
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
GET BOOK

This manual on "Dynamics of Membrane Proteins and Cellular Energetics" is the result of a FEBS-CNRS Course held in Grenoble and Besanc;{on in September 1987.' It appears to be, after the first, published in 1979 the fifth of the series. After focussing on the "Biochemistry of Membranes" (1979) it was the turn of "Membrane Proteins" (1981) and of Enzymes, Receptors and Carriers of Biological Membranes (1983), fo1- wed by "Membrane Proteins Isolation and Characterization" ( 1986) . Al though the central issue has always been the its components and its functions, each biological membrane, manual has put the accent on somewhat different issues corresponding to the most innovative, interesting research in the field. After almost a decade this new manual appears, which stresses the aspect of the integration of membrane research at a cellular level. Such a novel emphasis is the consequence of the common interest of cell biology and biochemistry to understand the results of the biochemical analysis of membrane proteins in the context of the cell complexity. Consequently most of the experimental protocols are dealing with cellular models, but with clear reference to the function and structure of isolated membrane proteins.