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The Neural Control of Movement

The Neural Control of Movement
Model Systems and Tools to Study Locomotor Function

by Patrick J. Whelan,Simon A. Sharples

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-08-28
  • Pages : 484
  • ISBN : 0128172754
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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From speech to breathing to overt movement contractions of muscles are the only way other than sweating whereby we literally make a mark on the world. Locomotion is an essential part of this equation and exciting new developments are shedding light on the mechanisms underlying how this important behavior occurs. The Neural Control of Movement discusses these developments across a variety of species including man. The editors focus on highlighting the utility of different models from invertebrates to vertebrates. Each chapter discusses how new approaches in neuroscience are being used to dissect and control neural networks. An area of emphasis is on vertebrate motor networks and particularly the spinal cord. The spinal cord is unique because it has seen the use of genetic tools allowing the dissection of networks for over ten years. This book provides practical details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control. This book is written for neuroscientists interested in movement control. Provides practice details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control Discusses how recent advances like optogenetics and chemogenetics affect the need for model systems to be modified (or not) to work for studies of movement and motor control Written for neuroscientists interested in movement control, especially movement disorders like Parkinson’s, MS, spinal cord injury, and stroke

Neural Control of Movement

Neural Control of Movement
A Book

by W.R. Ferrell,Uwe Proske

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 1461519853
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Presented with a choice of evils, most would prefer to be blinded rather than to be unable to move, immobilized in the late stages of Parkinson's disease. Yet in everyday life, as in Neuroscience, vision holds the centre of the stage. The conscious psyche watches a private TV show all day long, while the motor system is left to get on with it "out of sight and out of mind. " Motor skills are worshipped at all levels of society, whether in golf, tennis, soccer, athletics or in musical performance; meanwhile the subconscious machinery is ignored. But scientifically there is steady advance on a wide front, as we are reminded here, from the reversal of the reflexes of the stick insects to the site of motor learning in the human cerebral cortex. As in the rest of Physiology, evolution has preserved that which has already worked well; thus general principles can often be best discerned in lower animals. No one scientist can be personally involved at all levels of analysis, but especially for the motor system a narrow view is doomed from the outset. Interaction is all; the spinal cord has surrendered its autonomy to the brain, but the brain can only control the limbs by talking to the spinal cord in a language that it can understand, determined by its pre-existing circuitry; and both receive a continuous stream of feedback from the periphery.

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement
A Book

by Marc D. Binder

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 482
  • ISBN : 9780444801043
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement
A Book

by Jack M. Winters,Patrick E. Crago

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-12-06
  • Pages : 683
  • ISBN : 1461221048
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Most routine motor tasks are complex, involving load transmission through out the body, intricate balance, and eye-head-shoulder-hand-torso-leg coor dination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable perturbations, has a long history. This book arose from the Ninth Engineering Foundation Con ference on Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement, held in Deer Creek, Ohio, in June 1996. This unique conference, which has met every 2 to 4 years since the late 1960s, is well known for its informal format that promotes high-level, up-to-date discussions on the key issues in the field. The intent is to capture the high quality ofthe knowledge and discourse that is an integral part of this conference series. The book is organized into ten sections. Section I provides a brief intro duction to the terminology and conceptual foundations of the field of move ment science; it is intended primarily for students. All but two of the re maining nine sections share a common format: (l) a designated section editor; (2) an introductory didactic chapter, solicited from recognized lead ers; and (3) three to six state-of-the-art perspective chapters. Some per spective chapters are followed by commentaries by selected experts that provide balance and insight. Section VI is the largest section, and it con sists of nine perspective chapters without commentaries.

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement
A Book

by M.D. Binder

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1999-12-17
  • Pages : 479
  • ISBN : 9780080862484
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

Neural Control of Skilled Human Movement

Neural Control of Skilled Human Movement
A Book

by Frederick W. J. Cody

  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing
  • Release : 1995
  • Pages : 93
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text focuses on skilled movements in humans, while drawing upon evidence obtained in other species. Attention is directed at movements of the hand and arm, with the production of speech sounds also being seen as an important example of skilled movement. Concise up-dates of current understanding of the roles of the main motor centres - cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum and spinal cord - in skilled movement and its clinical impairments, are provided by neuroscientists.

The Cerebellum and Neural Control

The Cerebellum and Neural Control
A Book

by Masao Ito,Masao Itō

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1984
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Function and Formation of Neural Systems

Function and Formation of Neural Systems
Report of the Dahlem Workshop on Function and Formation of Neural Systems, Berlin 1977, March 7-11

by Gunther Siegmund Stent,Dahlem Konferenzen

  • Publisher : Abakon-Verlagsgesellschaft
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Biological Psychology

Biological Psychology
A Book

by Stephen B. Klein

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2000
  • Pages : 540
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For sophomore/senior-level courses in Psychology, Behavioral Neuroscience, Biological Psychology, Brain and Behavior, Psychobiology, or Physiological Psychology. Bringing the study of Biological Psychology to life with beautiful full color graphics, chapter-opening case studies, a solid pedagogical framework and generous use of clinical examples throughout, this text offers students with little or no background in the sciences a rich introduction into the basic concepts of the biology of behavior.

The Neural Control of Behavior

The Neural Control of Behavior
A Book

by Richard E. Whalen

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1970
  • Pages : 301
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Motor Learning and Control: Concepts and Applications

Motor Learning and Control: Concepts and Applications
A Book

by Richard Magill

  • Publisher : McGraw-Hill Humanities Social
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Designed for introductory students, this text provides the reader with a solid research base and defines difficult material by identifying concepts and demonstrating applications for each of those concepts. Motor Learning and Control: Concepts and Applications also includes references for all relevant material to encourage students to examine the research for themselves

Multisensory Control of Movement

Multisensory Control of Movement
A Book

by A. Berthoz,C. Gielen,V. Henn,K. P. Hoffmann,F. Lacquaniti,M. Imbert,A. Roucoux

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 1993
  • Pages : 507
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This text takes a multidisciplinary approach to studying the problems of manipulation, orienting and navigating in humans and animals. Its premise is that control of movement is based on a configuration of several sensory cues, all providing input. It has clinical and engineering applications.

The Nervous System

The Nervous System
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1981
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Central Nervous Control Mechanisms in Breathing

Central Nervous Control Mechanisms in Breathing
Physiological and Clinical Aspects of Regular, Periodic, and Irregular Breathing in Adults and in the Perinatal Period : Proceedings of the International Symposium Held at the Wenner-Gren Center, Stockholm, September 4-6, 1978

by Curt von Euler,Hugo Lagercrantz

  • Publisher : Pergamon
  • Release : 1979
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
Biological sciences. Series B

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Human Robotics

Human Robotics
Neuromechanics and Motor Control

by Etienne Burdet,David W. Franklin,Theodore E. Milner

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2013-09-13
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 0262019531
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book proposes a transdisciplinary approach to investigating human motor control that synthesizes musculoskeletal biomechanics and neural control. The authors argue that this integrated approach -- which uses the framework of robotics to understand sensorimotor control problems -- offers a more complete and accurate description than either a purely neural computational approach or a purely biomechanical one. The authors offer an account of motor control in which explanatory models are based on experimental evidence using mathematical approaches reminiscent of physics. These computational models yield algorithms for motor control that may be used as tools to investigate or treat diseases of the sensorimotor system and to guide the development of algorithms and hardware that can be incorporated into products designed to assist with the tasks of daily living. The authors focus on the insights their approach offers in understanding how movement of the arm is controlled and how the control adapts to changing environments. The book begins with muscle mechanics and control, progresses in a logical manner to planning and behavior, and describes applications in neurorehabilitation and robotics. The material is self-contained, and accessible to researchers and professionals in a range of fields, including psychology, kinesiology, neurology, computer science, and robotics.

AMRL-TR.

AMRL-TR.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1964
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurological Physiotherapy

Neurological Physiotherapy
A Book

by Maria Stokes

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1998
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Based on Cash's Textbook series this reference work for physiotherapists complements the content in the Cash books and presents additional information on course-specific treatments that are not available in Cash.

Hand and Brain

Hand and Brain
The Neurophysiology and Psychology of Hand Movements

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1996-06-24
  • Pages : 513
  • ISBN : 9780080532745
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Used for gestures of communication, environmental exploration, and the grasping and manipulating of objects, the hand has a vital role in our lives. The hand's anatomical structure and neural control are among the most complex and detailed of human motor systems. Hand and Brain is a comprehensive overview of the hand's sensorimotor control. It discusses mediating variables in perception and prehension, the coordination of muscles with the central nervous system, the nature of movement control and hand positioning, hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping, and the sensory function of the hand. In the last decade the rapid growth of neuroscience has been paralleled by a surge of interest in hand function. This reflects the fact that many of the fundamental issues facing neuroscientists today--including the problem of relating physiology to behavior--are central to the study of sensorimotor control of the hand. This book takes a broad interdisciplinary perspective on the control of hand movements that includes neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, psychology and neuropsychology, and biomechanics. The authors, who have all made significant scientific contributions in their own right, have sought to introduce their chosen topics in a manner that the undergraduate reader will be able to follow without sacrificing detailed and up-to-date coverage ofthe major developments. Uses an interdisciplinary approach including behavioral and neurophysiological data Describes a variety of experimental methodologies Treats neural computations necessary for the control of movement Covers implications of biomechanics for control, sensory mechanisms, and perceptual processing (haptics) Includes manipulative hand function as well as reaching Overviews each group of chapters using link sections Contains an integrated index and a glosssary The five sections cover: Mediating variables in perception and prehension The coordination of muscles with the central nervous system The nature of movement control and hand positioning Hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping The sensory function of the hand

The Metaphorical Brain 2

The Metaphorical Brain 2
Neural Networks and Beyond

by Michael A. Arbib,Fletcher Jones Professor of Computer Science and Professor of Biological Sciences Biomedical Engineering Neuroscience and Psychology Michael A Arbib,Michael B. Arbib

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
  • Release : 1989-08-14
  • Pages : 458
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This was begun as a revision of the 1972 classic The Metaphorical Brain, but quickly grew into an independent work. This new volume offers readers a timely, in-depth exploration of exciting research into the interplay between brain modeling, computer design and artificial intelligence.