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Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder

Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder
Road to Novel Therapeutics

by Joao Quevedo,Andre Ferrer Carvalho,Eduard Vieta

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-11-25
  • Pages : 470
  • ISBN : 012819183X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder: Road to Novel Therapeutics combines the basic neurobiology of bipolar disorder with discussions of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorder, genetic approaches and the pharmacogenomics of bipolar disorder. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, along with a comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of bipolar disorder management using novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding bipolar disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers a range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to novel therapeutics Synthesizes a discussion of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of bipolar disorder

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment
A Book

by Husseini K. Manji,Carlos A. Zarate Jr.

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2010-11-10
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 9783642157578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers the most up-to-date information about research surrounding the neurobiology of bipolar disorder as well as currently available and novel therapeutic options. The volume has assembled a widely respected group of preclinical and clinical researchers who bring their expertise to bear upon this illness by reviewing cutting-edge research and clinical evidence regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. Early chapters review the course and outcome and genetics of this highly heritable condition, including chapters on epigenetics and clinical endophenotypes. Several chapters offer a remarkably thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including what is known from neuroimaging work and the development of animal models. Finally, the book covers treatment strategies for bipolar disorder, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. It offers both researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

Bipolar Disorder in Youth

Bipolar Disorder in Youth
Presentation, Treatment, and Neurobiology

by Stephen M. Strakowski

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2014-10-29
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 0199985359
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bipolar disorders affect up to 3% of the world's population and are the 6th leading cause of disability worldwide. The estimated annual costs of bipolar disorder approach $50 billion in the United States, and the associated societal and personal suffering is immeasurable. Bipolar disorder is a lifelong illness that typically begins in mid-adolescence, thereby disrupting healthy developmental processes. It is also a progressive illness, making early intervention even more critical. As the disorder presents differently in youth as it does in adults, considerable controversy exists around the diagnosis in young people. The neurobiological factors leading to the onset of bipolar disorder reflect abnormalities in adolescent brain development. Bipolar disorder is strongly heritable and therefore, these developmental abnormalities likely represent the culmination of processes that precede the expression of symptoms. Current studies of children who are at risk for bipolar disorder are identifying these processes. Again, controversy exists about how to move these neuroscience gains forward to help affected individuals and, particularly to manage children at risk to delay or prevent the onset or progression of bipolar disorder. With these considerations in mind, Bipolar Disorder in Youth provides a timely, focused review of the diagnosis, treatment, and neurobiology of bipolar disorder in youth. It addresses current controversies and resolves those in which evidence is available. The book is organized into three sections based on these topics to provide comprehensive discussions to aid clinicians managing these individuals in their practices, as well as scientists trying to advance the field. The three editors are widely recognized experts in bipolar disorder, and the authors of each chapter represent international experts in the respective topics. Consequently, this book is the most comprehensive volume available discussing this important population and is a 'must' for the libraries of clinicians and scientists working with bipolar children and adolescents.

The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder in Young People

The Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder in Young People
A Book

by Rebecca A. Chandler

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Neurobiology of Mental Illness
A Book

by Dennis S. Charney,Eric J. Nestler,Pamela Sklar,Joseph D. Buxbaum

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2013-07-04
  • Pages : 1222
  • ISBN : 0199934959
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Our understanding of the neurobiological basis of psychiatric disease has accelerated in the past five years. The fourth edition of Neurobiology of Mental Illness has been completely revamped given these advances and discoveries on the neurobiologic foundations of psychiatry. Like its predecessors the book begins with an overview of the basic science. The emerging technologies in Section 2 have been extensively redone to match the progress in the field including new chapters on the applications of stem cells, optogenetics, and image guided stimulation to our understanding and treatment of psychiatric disorders. Sections' 3 through 8 pertain to the major psychiatric syndromes-the psychoses, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, dementias, and disorders of childhood-onset. Each of these sections includes our knowledge of their etiology, pathophysiology, and treatment. The final section discusses special topic areas including the neurobiology of sleep, resilience, social attachment, aggression, personality disorders and eating disorders. In all, there are 32 new chapters in this volume including unique insights on DSM-5, the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) from NIMH, and a perspective on the continuing challenges of diagnosis given what we know of the brain and the mechanisms pertaining to mental illness. This book provides information from numerous levels of analysis including molecular biology and genetics, cellular physiology, neuroanatomy, neuropharmacology, epidemiology, and behavior. In doing so it translates information from the basic laboratory to the clinical laboratory and finally to clinical treatment. No other book distills the basic science and underpinnings of mental disorders and explains the clinical significance to the scope and breadth of this classic text. The result is an excellent and cutting-edge resource for psychiatric residents, psychiatric researchers and doctoral students in neurochemistry and the neurosciences.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder
Clinical and Neurobiological Foundations

by Lakshmi N. Yatham,Mario Maj

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-06-28
  • Pages : 522
  • ISBN : 1119956226
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Bipolar disorder is the most complex psychiatric disorder with different types of mood episodes, subtypes, varied course, and significant co-morbidity. Not surprisingly, this complexity poses unique challenges to clinicians for optimal management of those with bipolar disorder. There has been an explosion of research into the causes and treatment of this condition over the past two decades. It is a daunting task for a practising clinician to make sense of this research and to remain up to date with progress in the understanding of the neurobiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. This book synthesizes and translates the vast array of research knowledge into information that is clinically relevant and meaningful for a clinician. The book provides a comprehensive, yet focused, reference work on bipolar disorder for both trainees and practising psychiatrists. The two editors are leaders in the field who have published extensively on bipolar disorder. They have assembled a team of experts from around the world: in many instances, chapters are co-authored by people from different continents, bringing a truly international perspective to this important topic. The book covers the basic science of the pathology underlying bipolar disorder but addresses the clinical aspects of the disease throughout. The book comprises four sections: Descriptive Aspects—issues ranging from how the concept of bipolar disorder has evolved over the years to new information about neurocognitive impairment, creativity and economic productivity, and to discussion of the deliberations of the DSM-V committee on changes in diagnostic categories and criteria. Biology—the contribution of genes to this disorder, changes in circadian rhythms, what we know about brain changes and the role of oxidative stress. Biological Treatment and Psychosocial Treatment— all the latest information about pharmacological and psychological treatments and the optimal management of this condition. If you want to provide state-of-the-art care to your bipolar patients, be sure to consult this authoritative reference.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment

Behavioral Neurobiology of Bipolar Disorder and its Treatment
A Book

by Husseini K. Manji,Carlos A. Zarate Jr.

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2011-04-08
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 9783642157585
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book offers the most up-to-date information about research surrounding the neurobiology of bipolar disorder as well as currently available and novel therapeutic options. The volume has assembled a widely respected group of preclinical and clinical researchers who bring their expertise to bear upon this illness by reviewing cutting-edge research and clinical evidence regarding the pathophysiology and treatment of bipolar disorder. Early chapters review the course and outcome and genetics of this highly heritable condition, including chapters on epigenetics and clinical endophenotypes. Several chapters offer a remarkably thorough and unique overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including what is known from neuroimaging work and the development of animal models. Finally, the book covers treatment strategies for bipolar disorder, including both traditional and novel therapeutics, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. It offers both researchers and clinicians key insights into this devastating disorder.

The Bipolar Book

The Bipolar Book
History, Neurobiology, and Treatment

by Aysegül Yildiz

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2015-05-28
  • Pages : 704
  • ISBN : 0199300534
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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As a major mainstay of clinical focus and research today, bipolar disorder affects millions of individuals across the globe with its extreme and erratic shifts of mood, thinking and behavior. Edited by a team of experts in the field, The Bipolar Book: History, Neurobiology, and Treatment is a testament and guide to diagnosing and treating this exceedingly complex, highly prevalent disease. Featuring 45 chapters from an expert team of contributors from around the world, The Bipolar Book delves deep into the origins of the disorder and how it informs clinical practice today by focusing on such topics as bipolar disorder occurring in special populations, stigmatization of the disease, the role genetics play, postmortem studies, psychotherapy, treatments and more. Designed to be the definitive reference volume for clinicians, students and researchers, Aysegül Yildiz, Pedro Ruiz and Charles Nemeroff present The Bipolar Book as a "must have" for those caregivers who routinely deal with this devastating disease.

Bipolar Disorder in Youth

Bipolar Disorder in Youth
Presentation, Treatment, and Neurobiology

by Stephen M. Strakowski,Melissa P. DelBello,Caleb M. Adler

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9780190202699
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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'Bipolar Disorder in Youth' provides a timely, focused review of the diagnosis, treatment, and neurobiology of bipolar disorder in youth. The editors and authors of each chapter represent international leaders in the care and study of this population. This book is the most comprehensive volume available discussing this important population and is a 'must' for the libraries of clinicians and scientists working with bipolar children and adolescents.

Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar Disorders
Basic Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications

by Jair C. Soares,Allan H. Young

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2016-05-25
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1316565165
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past two decades, driven by the enormous public health importance of bipolar disorder, research initiatives have begun to elucidate the pathophysiology of this prevalent and debilitating condition. These research initiatives have led to breakthroughs in our understanding of causation, and now promise to foster the development of novel treatments. This new edition presents contributions from the leaders at the forefront of these areas of research, and includes chapters on the groundbreaking advances in the fields of genetics, neuroimaging, neuropsychopharmacology, oxidative stress and neuronal resilience, inflammatory mechanisms, psychosocial factors, childhood onset and late-life bipolar disorder, and many other important areas. Throughout, the therapeutic implications and potential of this new understanding are emphasized. This will be essential reading for those interested in the neurobiology of mental illness, and will be of interest to mental health practitioners more generally.

Bipolar Depression: Molecular Neurobiology, Clinical Diagnosis, and Pharmacotherapy

Bipolar Depression: Molecular Neurobiology, Clinical Diagnosis, and Pharmacotherapy
A Book

by Carlos A. Zarate Jr.,Husseini K. Manji

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-01-28
  • Pages : 371
  • ISBN : 3319316893
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book brings together mental health professionals and researchers to offer the most up-to-date information on the diagnosis, treatment, and research surrounding bipolar depression. Its individual chapters provide valuable diagnostic information, allowing clinicians to distinguish between the various mood disorders. Further, they: review the course, outcome, and genetics of this highly heritable condition; offer a thorough overview of the neurobiology of the disorder, including what is known from neuroimaging work; delineate the treatment of bipolar depression in special populations such as children and pregnant women; address suicide, focusing on the need for assessment during both acute and maintenance treatment with interventions appropriate to a patient’s symptoms and history; and cover acute and long-term treatment strategies for bipolar depression, including both traditional and novel therapeutics for the disorder, as well as non-pharmacological treatments. This second edition reflects significant advances, including an improved understanding of the altered neurobiology of patients suffering from bipolar depression, new information on pathophysiology and genetic findings drawn from diverse studies, and a discussion of the significant strides made towards improved treatment with already available and novel agents.

Mindfulness for Bipolar Disorder

Mindfulness for Bipolar Disorder
How Mindfulness and Neuroscience Can Help You Manage Your Bipolar Symptoms

by William R. Marchand

  • Publisher : New Harbinger Publications
  • Release : 2015-05-01
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN : 1626251878
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Mindfulness for Bipolar Disorder, psychiatrist and neuroscientist William R. Marchand provides an innovative,breakthrough program based in neuroscience and mindfulness practices to help you find relief from your bipolar symptoms. If you have bipolar disorder, you may experience feelings of mania or high energy, followed by periods of depression and sadness. These unusual shifts in mood, energy, and activity levels can make it extremely difficult to carry out day-to-day tasks—and ultimately reach your goals. Finding balance may be a daily struggle, even if you are on medication or in therapy. So, what else can you do to start feeling better? Mindfulness—the act of present moment awareness—may be the missing puzzle piece in effectively treating your bipolar disorder. In the book, you will learn how to actively work through feelings of depression, anxiety, and stress in order to improve the quality of your life. Written by a prominent psychiatrist, neuroscientist, and mindfulness teacher who draws upon his research experience and personal mindfulness practice as a monk in the Soto Zen tradition, this book will provide you with the tools needed to get your symptoms under control. If you’ve sought treatment for bipolar disorder but are still struggling with symptoms, mindfulness may be the missing piece to solving the bipolar puzzle and taking back your life. This book will help you get started right away.

Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Depression

Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Depression
Neurobiology and Applications

by Gustavo H. Vazquez,Carlos A. Zarate,Elisa Brietzke

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-10-01
  • Pages : 168
  • ISBN : 0128210346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Ketamine for Treatment-Resistant Depression: Neurobiology and Applications provides a simple, evidence-based overview for neuropsychiatrists and translational researchers on this medication, its mechanisms of actions, eligibility of patients for treatment, and the preparation and implementation of ketamine clinics. Provides efficacy research on ketamine as a treatment for depression Identifies best practices for clinical use, both long-term and acute Discusses the molecular mechanisms and neurobiology of action

From Neurobiology to Treatment

From Neurobiology to Treatment
Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia Unraveled

by Neuroscience Education Institute

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2009-07-15
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 9781422500514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders

Neurobiology of Psychiatric Disorders
A Book

by Thomas E. Schlaepfer,Charles B. Nemeroff

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 760
  • ISBN : 0444520023
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This new volume in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology presents a comprehensive review of the fundamental science and clinical treatment of psychiatric disorders. Advances in neuroscience have allowed for dramatic advances in the understanding of psychiatric disorders and treatment. Brain disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are the leading cause of disability worldwide. It is estimated that over 25% of the adult population in North America are diagnosed yearly with at least one mental disorder and similar results hold for Europe. Now that neurology and psychiatry agree that all mental disorders are in fact, "brain diseases," this volume provides a foundational introduction to the science defining these disorders and details best practices for psychiatric treatment. Provides a comprehensive review of the scientific foundations of psychiatric disorders and psychiatric treatment Includes detailed results from genetics, molecular biology, brain imaging, and neuropathological, immunological, epidemiological, metabolic, therapeutic and historical aspects of the major psychiatric disorders A "must have" reference and resource for neuroscientists, neurologists, psychiatrists, and clinical psychologists as well as all research scientists investigating disorders of the brain

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness

Charney & Nestler's Neurobiology of Mental Illness
A Book

by Dennis S. Charney,Pamela B. Sklar

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018-01-12
  • Pages : 1024
  • ISBN : 019068142X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Preceded by Neurobiology of mental illness / edited by Dennis S. Charney ... [et al.]. 4th ed. 2013.

Neurobiology of Depression

Neurobiology of Depression
Road to Novel Therapeutics

by Joao Quevedo,Andre F. Carvalho,Carlos A. Zarate

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-15
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 9780128133330
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Depression is one of the most common mental-health disorders, caused by a variety of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors combined. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is typically treated with first-line antidepressant agents that primarily target monoamine neurotransmission; however, only approximately one third of patients with MDD achieve remission following a trial with such an antidepressant. Furthermore, MDD is a heterogeneous phenotype, and new frameworks such as the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) may provide a more accurate, biologically based comprehension of the symptomatic heterogeneity of this devastating illness, and certain symptomatic clusters may be promising targets for novel therapeutics, such as drug and psychological treatments for the management of the cognitive impairments that can encompass several domains and contribute to psychosocial function, and that can persist for many patients even in periods of symptomatic remission. Neurobiology of Depression synthesizes the basic neurobiology of major depressive disorder with discussion of the most recent advances in research, including the interacting pathways implicated in the pathophysiology of MDD, omics technologies, genetic approaches, and the development of novel optogenetic approaches that are changing researchers' perspectives and may revolutionize research into depression. The basic foundational understanding of the neurobiology underlying the disorder, as well as the comprehensive summary of the most recent advances in research, combine to aid advanced students and researchers in their understanding of MDD and change the landscape of the management of depression with the development of novel and fast-acting pharmaceutical and neuromodulatory approaches. Aids readers in understanding major depressive disorder in the context of NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) recommendations Covers range of existing and potential pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment options, from lifestyle adjustments to antidepressants to novel therapeutics Synthesizes discussion of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying symptoms with clinical aspects of depression for a thorough understanding of the disorder

Bipolar Depression

Bipolar Depression
A Comprehensive Guide

by Rif S. El-Mallakh,S. Nassir Ghaemi

  • Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
  • Release : 2007-04-02
  • Pages : 277
  • ISBN : 9781585626519
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Although depression is the most common presentation of bipolar disorder, correct diagnosis generally requires a history of mania and thus presents a formidable challenge. This book provides clinicians with the necessary guidance to distinguish this illness and pursue an appropriate therapeutic course. It brings together a team of clinical investigators who offer cutting-edge research on the topic and address the most critical concerns regarding its treatment. Bipolar Depression first introduces a hierarchical model for diagnosis to allow the clinician to distinguish between bipolar and unipolar depression, addressing problems of misdiagnosis and overdiagnosis as well as differentiating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder. Early chapters review the neurobiology and genetics of this highly heritable condition, presenting studies of neurotransmitter function and brain imaging studies and documenting the susceptibility of specific chromosomes as loci for bipolar disorder. Other chapters address the particular issues of bipolar depression in children, for whom a diagnosis is especially problematic, and suicide, focusing on the need for assessment during both acute and maintenance treatment with interventions appropriate to a patient's symptoms and history. Bipolar Depression offers critiques of specific treatment approaches: Lithium and antiepileptic drugs: featuring a review of the most recent research on the use of lithium, in which higher doses are shown to be effective, plus coverage of lamotrigine, valproic acid, carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine, and topiramate. Antidepressants: offering new perspectives on a complex field, including a discussion of the randomized clinical trial literature and observational studies on their use, and citing cautions regarding side effects. Antipsychotics: evaluating the difference between first- and second-generation medications and discussing their role in controlling acute depressions. Novel approaches to treatment: including the use of atypical neuroleptics, electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, vagus nerve stimulation, ketogenic diet, omega-3 fatty acids, myo-inositol, and dopamine agonists. Psychological interventions: focusing on the inclusion of cognitive-behavioral therapy or interpersonal social rhythm therapy for nonmelancholic depressions in patients who had previously received psychoeducation. Despite the past decade's advances in practice and research, there remains much room for progress in understanding and treating bipolar depression. This book blazes a trail toward that goal, opening new doors in recognizing differences between bipolar and unipolar forms of depression while offering both researchers and clinicians key insights into this troubling illness.

The Neurobiology of Childhood

The Neurobiology of Childhood
A Book

by Susan L. Andersen,Daniel S. Pine

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-05-13
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 3642549136
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the past years there has been rapid progress in the understanding of how early life stress impacts psychopathology in children. The first two parts of this book present the basic principles of brain development and describe the most important neuronal systems. This includes systems involved in emotion processing, cognitive control, and social processes. These first two general sections are followed by an overview about recent research on various neuronal and psychiatric disorders, where environmental exposures and altered brain development play an important role: sleep, autism, ADHD and other developmental forms of psychopathology.

Behavioral Neurobiology of Stress-related Disorders

Behavioral Neurobiology of Stress-related Disorders
A Book

by Carmine M. Pariante,M. Danet Lapiz-Bluhm

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2014-11-11
  • Pages : 315
  • ISBN : 3662451263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Stress is such an over-used word that it is at time difficult to define its core features. When is an environment stressful? What does a stressful environment do to the brain and to the body? What are the biological mechanisms by which a stressor affects us? How does stress contributes to the onset and the progression of mental disorders? How do the effects of stress change over the life-time of an individual? These are just some of the overarching questions addressed by this book, thanks to the contribution of some of the world leading experts on the neurobiology of stress at the pre-clinical and clinical levels. Topics include current advances on the neurobiology of stress on various neurobiological systems such as immune, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, neurogenesis and neuroplasticity, neurotransmitter (glutamate, noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin and endocannabinoid), neuropeptides, cognition and emotional processing as well as in utero and early postnatal effects. The clinical chapters deal with the relationship of stress and mental disorders such as depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, substance abuse and addiction, dementia and age-related cognitive decline as well as resilience to stress. Thus, this book brings together some of the most updated and authoritative views on the effects of stress of brain and behavior.