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The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders
A Book

by Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 012391924X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Neurobiology of Autism

The Neurobiology of Autism
A Book

by Margaret L. Bauman, M.D.,Thomas L. Kemper

  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN : 0801880475
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

Special Issue: The Emerging Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

Special Issue: The Emerging Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders
A Book

by Society for Neuroscience

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurobiology of Autism

Neurobiology of Autism
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-11-27
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0124199615
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into autism pathophysiology. Its chapters cover a wide range of etiologies, from genetics and development to environmental factors. In addition, it discusses key cell and behavioral phenotypes, including cortical and cerebellar phenotypes, as well as language and motor outputs. Finally, this volume's chapters on gene expression in the brain describe how genes may be connected to phenotypes in autism. Broad coverage of genetic and cellular phenotypes in autism Focused on basic research Chapters primarily written by new investigators with a fresh perspective on the biological underpinnings of autism

The Neurology of Autism

The Neurology of Autism
A Book

by Mary Coleman

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2009-04-23
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 0199728399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Neurology of Autism, Mary Coleman, Catalina Betancur, G. Robert DeLong, Christopher Gillberg, Yoshiko Nomura, Lorenzo Pavone, Martin Ruggieri, and Michele Zappella use the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of the major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers they present have important implications for the direction of future autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. What are the neurological signs and symptoms of autism? The latest information is presented here in an in-depth discussion of epilepsy, cranial circumference, changes in muscle tone, stereotypies, and mutism found in children with autism. In addition, a template is provided for practitioners to follow when conducting neurological examinations of a child with autism. What are the best options for the treatment of autism? The current medical, educational, and alternative therapies are thoroughly reviewed and evaluated. Is autism reversible? The question is explored for syndromic autism, where diseases may have a transient autistic phase, and reviewed in detail for nonsyndromic autism. Is autism primarily a single disease, as originally described by Leo Kanner? Research presented here suggests that autism is, instead, a syndrome involving many disease entities. Has the incidence of autism been increasing in recent years? A sophisticated, historical review of autisms prevalence rates suggests that it has never been rare. What is the relationship between autism and Asperger syndrome? The latest evidence presented here sheds light on the degree to which both syndromes share more than clinical characteristics; they also have some similar findings in imaging, neuropathological, and genetic studies. Which components of the brains neural networks need to be impaired to cause the appearance of autistic symptoms? Although there are many candidate regions, dysfunction of the cerebellum and its circuits is noted to be of great interest. Student and professional researchers, practitioners, and parents will find this book to be a valuable resource for both the latest information from basic-science research and its application to the diagnosis and treatment of autism. "[This book] includes up-to-date genetic evidence, underlining the complexities of genetic/environmental influences...I recommend this easy and informative read." -European Journal of Pediatric Neurology "...authoritative." -The Lancet Neurology "Coleman's new book is an absolute must-read for anyone interested in the progress made in understanding the causes of autism. The field owes her a tribute worthy of someone who has transformed an area of neuroscience." -Simon Baron-Cohen in Nature Neuroscience "[I]nformative and comprehensive in its treatment of the neurologic basis of autism...well written and easy to understand...the contributing authors have done an excellent job of making complex medical concepts understandable to all. The glossary at the end of the book is extremely helpful in this regard. The book is well referenced, provides helpful tables throughout, and includes a summary of relevant points at the end of each chapter.The authors are to be commended for presenting a very balanced view of current knowledge; they also indicate what we do not yet understand about brain functioning in autism and provide an important road map for ongoing exploration." -Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp in The New England Journal of Medicine "At last it is recognised that developmental neurology is the appropriate context in which to explain autism. The authors of this volume, all pioneers in the field, consider new ideas on autism in this context. They succeed in making surprising and illuminating comparisons between autism and neurological disorders whose origin is already known. This work is a significant step towards understanding the causes of autistic disorders."-Uta Frith, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London "When and if the secret of autism is teased from the myriad disease states that exhibit the syndrome, it will be through efforts such as are represented in this volume. Dr. Coleman has 'picked the brains' of recognized experts from neurology and related sciences, and has assembled a wealth of up-to-date and meticulously referenced information regarding both those diseases and the core symptoms of autism." -Peter B. Rosenberger, Massachusetts General Hospital

Tracing Autism

Tracing Autism
Uncertainty, Ambiguity, and the Affective Labor of Neuroscience

by Des Fitzgerald

  • Publisher : University of Washington Press
  • Release : 2017-07-10
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 0295741929
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Tracing Autism, Des Fitzgerald offers an up-close account of the search for a neurological explanation of autism. As autism has gained cultural prominence with more diagnoses and more controversy, its biological causes remain elusive. Through in-depth interviews with neuroscientists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, Fitzgerald examines what it means to do scientific research in the ambiguous terrain of autism research, a field marked by shifting horizons of uncertainty and ambivalence. He draws out how autism scientists talk and feel their way through their research, demonstrating its profoundly affective character, and expanding our understanding of what is at stake in the new brain sciences.

Social Cognition

Social Cognition
Development, Neuroscience and Autism

by Tricia Striano,Vincent Reid

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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How we perceive and interpret the actions of others is crucial if we are to develop into healthy adults. It has even been argued that a lack of social cognitive skills lays a strong foundation for a variety of atypical developmental disorders, including autism. Fortunately, our understanding of how humans process and interpret each other's actions has increased by leaps and bounds in the past decade. At the vanguard of these encouraging developments has been groundbreaking research in the fields of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and autism. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is the first volume to fully integrate these areas of cutting-edge research on social cognition through contributions from some of the world's foremost experts in all three disciplines. The text is edited by distinguished development specialists who preface each section with chapter by chapter summaries that seamlessly link each of the contributing essays. Sections include related chapters on perspectives on social cognition, social cognition during infancy, social cognition and the adult brain, and social cognition: the challenge of autism. The text's final section serves as a commentary highlighting the fundamental issues that have been addressed in the text. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is an indispensable addition to the rapidly expanding field of social cognition—and will provide valuable new insights on how we think and learn.

Understanding Autism

Understanding Autism
From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment

by Steven O. Moldin,John L R Rubenstein

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006-04-25
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN : 1420004204
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Taking an all-inclusive look at the subject, Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment reviews state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. The book addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies. It reviews key findings that inform diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical neuroscience, and treatment. The book concludes with a discussion of the economic cost of autism and provides a biomedical and public health perspective of the impact of this devastating disease. With chapters authored by clinical and basic researchers at the forefront of molecular and systems neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, and health economics, the book presents a powerful and comprehensive synthesis of current research on autism and its underlying neural substrates. The book's two editors are considered elite pioneers in this area of research. Dr. Rubenstein was recently elected to the highly prestigious Institute of the Medicine, an honor reserved for those most committed to professional achievement and public service.

Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism

Advances in the Cognitive Neuroscience of Autism
A Book

by Sally Ozonoff

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuro Adventure: Autism, Art, and the Brain

Neuro Adventure: Autism, Art, and the Brain
A Journey into the Autistic Mind through the Paintings of Camila Falchi

by Elisabete Castelon Konkiewitz,Edward B. Ziff

  • Publisher : Biota Publishing
  • Release : 2019-04-22
  • Pages : 136
  • ISBN : 1615048014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book gives a basic and broad but innovative view of autism. It seeks to rupture stereotypes and stigmas and starts with the story and paintings of the artist Camila Falchi, who has an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Camila's art is evidence of the complexity of her internal world and its variety of themes, intensity of feelings, daydreaming, fantasy, and dreams. This complexity compels us to question and rethink our perceptions of the autism spectrum, the mind, and creativity. As a neurologist and a neuroscientist, our goal with this book is to disseminate knowledge about autism, its characteristics, and potentials by means of the example of this artist.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders
A Book

by David Amaral,Geraldine Dawson,Daniel Geschwind

  • Publisher : OUP USA
  • Release : 2011-06-17
  • Pages : 1416
  • ISBN : 0195371828
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Written by the leading experts in autism research, this text provides a summary of all current knowledge related to the behavioral, experiential, and biomedical features of the autism spectrum disorders.

Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Autism: A Very Short Introduction
A Book

by Uta Frith

  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release : 2008-10-23
  • Pages : 144
  • ISBN : 0191578657
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What causes autism? Is it a genetic disorder, or due to some unknown environmental hazard? Are we facing an autism epidemic? What are the main symptoms, and how does it relate to Asperger syndrome? Everyone has heard of autism, but the disorder itself is little understood. It has captured the public imagination through films and novels portraying individuals with baffling combinations of disability and extraordinary talent, and yet the reality is more often that it places a heavy burden on sufferers and their families. This Very Short Introduction offers a clear statement on what is currently known about autism and Asperger syndrome. Explaining the vast array of different conditions that hide behind these two labels, and looking at symptoms from the full spectrum of autistic disorders, it explores the possible causes for the apparent rise in autism and also evaluates the links with neuroscience, psychology, brain development, genetics, and environmental causes including MMR and Thimerosal. This short, authoritative, and accessible book also explores the psychology behind social impairment and savantism, and throughout, sheds light on what it is like to live inside the mind of the sufferer. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism

by Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller

  • Publisher : Frontiers E-books
  • Release : 2014-09-23
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889192822
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability

Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability
A Book

by Carlo Sala,Chiara Verpelli

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-04-30
  • Pages : 394
  • ISBN : 0128005335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuronal and Synaptic Dysfunction in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability provides the latest information on Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), the lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders that present in early childhood and affect how individuals communicate and relate to others and their surroundings. In addition, three quarters of ASD patients also manifest severe intellectual disability. Though certain genes have been implicated, ASDs remain largely a mystery, and research looking into causes and cellular deficits are crucial for better understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders. Despite the prevalence and insidious nature of this disorder, this book remains to be an extensive resource of information and background on the state of current research in the field. The book serves as a reference for this purpose, and discusses the crucial role synaptic activity plays in proper brain function. In addition, the volume discusses the neurodevelopmental synaptopathies and serves as a resource for scientists and clinicians in all biomedical science specialties. This research has been crucial for recent studies that have provided a rationale for the development of pharmacological agents able to counteract functional synaptic anomalies and potentially ameliorate some ASD symptoms. Introduces the genetic and non-genetic causes of autism and associated intellectual disabilities Describes the genes implicated in autistic spectrum disorders and their function Considers major individual genetic causes of autism, Rett syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and other autism spectrum disorders, as well as their classification as synaptopathies Presents a thorough discussion of the clinical aspects of multiple neurodevelopmental disorders and the experimental models that exist to study their pathophysiology in vitro and in vivo, including animal models and patient-derived stem cell culture

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders
A Book

by Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2012-12-31
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN : 0123919304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

Neuroprotection in Autism, Schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease

Neuroprotection in Autism, Schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease
A Book

by Illana Gozes,Joseph Levine

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-10-16
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 0128140380
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroprotection in Autism, Schizophrenia and Alzheimer's Disease provides an up-to-date overview on recent clinical studies and the similarities discovered in the most prevalent brain disorders. The book's content will help shed light on basic mechanisms and provide new avenues for early diagnosis toward disease prevention and disease modification. It is written for researchers, clinicians and medical physicians in neuroscience, neurology and psychiatry. Sections discuss the shared pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie autism, schizophrenia/mood disorders and Alzheimer’s disease, i.e. neurodevelopmental disorders, neuropsychiatric diseases and neurodegenerative disorders. Offers an up-to-date overview of basic and clinical studies concerning similarities in the most prevalent brain disorders Helps the reader become familiar with novel neuroprotective mechanisms and experimental treatment modalities in these difficult to treat disorders Written for researchers, clinicians and medical physicians in neuroscience, neurology and psychiatry

Music Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Music Interventions for Neurodevelopmental Disorders
A Book

by Alessandro Antonietti,Barbara Colombo,Braelyn R. DeRocher

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-08-10
  • Pages : 98
  • ISBN : 3319971514
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explores how music can improve skills that are impaired in some neurodevelopmental disorders, including ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), autism, and Rett syndrome. Rehabilitation interventions based on the use of music, termed “music therapy”, are relatively widespread, but not all are supported by empirical evidence. This book offers readers an updated and scientifically grounded perspective on this theory and argues that music can be effective in promoting the acquisition of some basic mental abilities. Chapters present some of the latest research and data on how musical activities can lead children affected by neurodevelopmental disorders to improve those skills, including examples of training programs and exercises. The book will be a valuable resource for therapists, rehabilitators, psychologists, educators, musicians, researchers, as well as anyone interested in exploring the potential in music for human growth.

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience: Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain

Comprehensive Developmental Neuroscience: Neural Circuit Development and Function in the Heathy and Diseased Brain
Chapter 34. Autisms

by A.M. Persico

  • Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
  • Release : 2013-05-06
  • Pages : 848
  • ISBN : 0128063432
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Researching the Autism Spectrum

Researching the Autism Spectrum
Contemporary Perspectives

by Ilona Roth,Payam Rezaie

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2011-01-06
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1139494422
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This selection of contemporary research provides up-to-date perspectives from leading investigators who are at the cutting edge of studies in autism spectrum disorders. The book allows readers to grasp new approaches to understanding the autism spectrum. Key areas of theory and research are covered, from classification and diagnosis, genetics, neurology and biochemistry, to socio-cognitive, developmental and educational perspectives, essential to a broader understanding of the autism spectrum. In addition it introduces new emphases on MEG, epilepsy and memory. In highlighting both biomedical and psychological perspectives, this book reflects the multi-level emphasis of contemporary thinking about autism. By addressing key unanswered questions, Researching the Autism Spectrum acts as a guidepost for future research and provides an authoritative and multidisciplinary perspective.

Autism

Autism
Explaining the Enigma

by Uta Frith

  • Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
  • Release : 2003-04-18
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 9780631229018
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The updated edition of this classic account of autism includes a new chapter outlining recent developments in neuropsychological research, and overviews one of the most important theoretical and practical consequences of Frith's original insights into this puzzling condition. Updated edition of this classic account of autism. Includes new sections covering practical and theoretical developments, and a chapter on recent investigations of the neurological basis of psychological impairments in autism. Accessible to a broad general readership.