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The Neuroscience of Meditation

The Neuroscience of Meditation
Understanding Individual Differences

by Yi-Yuan Tang,Rongxiang Tang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-02-21
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 0128182679
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Neuroscience of Meditation: Understanding Individual Differences explores the individual differences in learning and practicing meditation, while also providing insights on how to learn and practice effectively. The book comprehensively covers the research in brain areas and networks that mediate the positive effects of meditation upon physical and mental health. Though it examines how people differ in how they learn and practice meditation, it underscores how underlying mechanisms differ in learning and practicing meditation and how they remain unclear to researchers. This book addresses the research gap and explores the brain science behind meditation. Examines the biological mechanisms that give rise to individual differences Incorporates brain imaging and physiological recordings for further measurement of individual differences Covers the genetic association between meditation learning and practice Explores how meditation changes over the lifespan—from children to seniors

The Neuroscience of Mindfulness Meditation

The Neuroscience of Mindfulness Meditation
How the Body and Mind Work Together to Change Our Behaviour

by Yi-Yuan Tang

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-08-09
  • Pages : 94
  • ISBN : 3319463225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book presents the latest neuroscience research on mindfulness meditation and provides guidance on how to apply these findings to our work, relationships, health, education and daily lives. Presenting cutting-edge research on the neurological and cognitive changes associated with its practice Tang aims to explain how it reaps positive effects and subsequently, how best to undertake and implement mindfulness practice. Mindfulness neuroscience research integrates theory and methods from eastern contemplative traditions, western psychology and neuroscience, and is based on neuroimaging techniques, physiological measures and behavioural tests. The Neuroscience of Mindfulness Meditation begins by explaining these foundations and then moves on to themes such as the impact of personality and how mindfulness can shape behaviour change, attention and self-control. Finally, the book discusses common misconceptions about mindfulness and challenges in future research endeavours. Written by an expert in the neuroscience of mindfulness this book will be valuable for scholars, researchers and practitioners in psychotherapy and the health sciences working with mindfulness, as well as those studying and working in the fields of neuroscience and neuropsychology.

The Science of Meditation

The Science of Meditation
How to Change Your Brain, Mind and Body

by Daniel Goleman,Richard J. Davidson

  • Publisher : Viking
  • Release : 2018-09
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780241975695
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Drawing on cutting-edge research, friends and Harvard collaborators Daniel Goleman and Richard Davidson expertly reveal what we can learn from a one-of-a-kind data pool that includes world-class meditators. They share for the first time remarkable findings that show how meditation - without drugs or high expense - can cultivate qualities such as selflessness, equanimity, love and compassion, and redesign our neural circuitry. Demonstrating two master thinkers at work,The Science of Meditationexplains precisely how mind training benefits us. More than daily doses or sheer hours, we need smart practice, including crucial ingredients such as targeted feedback from a master teacher and a more spacious worldview. These two bestselling authors sweep away the misconceptions around these practices and show how smart practice can change our personal traits and even our genome for the better. Gripping in its storytelling and based on a lifetime of thought and action, this is one of those rare books that has the power to change us at the deepest level.

Neuroscience and Psychology of Meditation in Everyday Life

Neuroscience and Psychology of Meditation in Everyday Life
Searching for the Essence of Mind

by Dusana Dorjee

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-07-20
  • Pages : 196
  • ISBN : 1315461951
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neuroscience and Psychology of Meditation in Everyday Life addresses essential and timely questions about the research and practice of meditation as a path to realization of human potential for health and well-being. Balancing practical content and scientific theory, the book discusses long-term effects of six meditation practices: mindfulness, compassion, visualization-based meditation techniques, dream yoga, insight-based meditation and abiding in the existential ground of experience. Each chapter provides advice on how to embed these techniques into everyday activities, together with considerations about underlying changes in the mind and brain based on latest research evidence. This book is essential reading for professionals applying meditation-based techniques in their work and researchers in the emerging field of contemplative science. The book will also be of value to practitioners of meditation seeking to further their practice and understand associated changes in the mind and brain.

Mind, Brain and the Path to Happiness

Mind, Brain and the Path to Happiness
A GUIDE TO BUDDHIST MIND TRAINING AND THE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEDITATION

by Dusana Dorjee

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-09-11
  • Pages : 158
  • ISBN : 113451767X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Mind, Brain and the Path to Happiness presents a contemporary account of traditional Buddhist mind training and the pursuit of wellbeing and happiness in the context of the latest research in psychology and the neuroscience of meditation. Following the Tibetan Buddhist tradition of Dzogchen, the book guides the reader through the gradual steps in transformation of the practitioner’s mind and brain on the path to advanced states of balance, genuine happiness and wellbeing. Dusana Dorjee explains how the mind training is grounded in philosophical and experiential exploration of the notions of happiness and human potential, and how it refines attention skills and cultivates emotional balance in training of mindfulness, meta-awareness and development of healthy emotions. The book outlines how the practitioner can explore subtle aspects of conscious experience in order to recognize the nature of the mind and reality. At each of the steps on the path the book provides novel insights into similarities and differences between Buddhist accounts and current psychological and neuroscientific theories and evidence. Throughout the book the author skilfully combines Buddhist psychology and Western scientific research with examples of meditation practices, highlighting the ultimately practical nature of Buddhist mind training. Mind, Brain and the Path to Happiness is an important book for health professionals and educators who teach or apply mindfulness and meditation-based techniques in their work, as well as for researchers and students investigating these techniques both in a clinical context and in the emerging field of contemplative science.

Buddha's Brain

Buddha's Brain
The Practical Neuroscience of Happiness, Love, and Wisdom

by Rick Hanson

  • Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
  • Release : 2011-07-13
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 1459624157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Jesus, Moses, Mohammed, Gandhi, and the Buddha all had brains built essentially like anyone else's, yet they were able to harness their thoughts and shape their patterns of thinking in ways that changed history. With new breakthroughs in modern neuroscience and the wisdom of thousands of years of contemplative practice, it is possible for us to shape our own thoughts in a similar way for greater happiness, love, compassion, and wisdom. Buddha's Brain joins the forces of modern neuroscience with ancient contemplative teachings to show readers how they can work toward greater emotional well-being, healthier relationships, more effective actions, and deepened religious and spiritual understanding. This book will explain how the core elements of both psychological well-being and religious or spiritual life-virtue, mindfulness, and wisdom--are based in the core functions of the brain: regulating, learning, and valuing. Readers will also learn practical ways to apply this information, as the book offers many exercises they can do to tap the unused potential of the brain and rewire it over time for greater peace and well-being.

Conscious Nature

Conscious Nature
The Art and Neuroscience of Meditating In Nature

by Josh Lane

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2019-05-06
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 9781733797108
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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"This book... has the capacity to transform lives, and connect people back to the state of mind that kept us joyful for thousands of generations." -Craig Foster, author of Sea Change: Primal Joy and the Art of Underwater Tracking Nature, the original mindfulness teacher... Amidst the stress and distraction of the Digital Age, it's easy to overlook the fact that our brains are adapted to thrive in close connection with the Earth, our senses keenly attuned to Nature's subtle signals. Meditating outdoors soothes the psyche, nourishes the body, and elevates creativity to new heights. Meditation on Nature's patterns reawakens our deepest instinctive power and brightens our curiosity, as we journey into realizing our interdependence and connection with the larger web of life. Today, it's time for a reboot - and to once again invite the wisdom of the wild into our daily lives. Through entertaining stories and over 36 engaging practices, expert outdoors mentor Josh Lane shares a pathway to exploring your own relationship with Nature for greater well-being and daily inspiration. Drawing upon lessons from his ten-year apprenticeship in the ancient art of wildlife tracking, combined with insights gleaned from the latest research in brain-based learning and neuroscience, Josh demonstrates step-by-step how to develop your own complete practice of outdoor meditation, so that you can experience a richly rewarding personal connection with the world of Nature. Journey with Josh on- and off-trail through the thickets and vistas of the inner and outer landscapes in this fun and highly practical guide to meditating in Nature. Learn & Discover: -How to find a Meditation Spot, your own "outdoor mindfulness studio" -Transformational techniques for harnessing the Five Key Brain States of Awareness for more peace, joy, and well-being -How to read the "secret" language of the animals, while blending in with the rhythms of Nature -Why birdsong is Nature's original mantra: how skillful attunement to Nature's patterns can transform your consciousness, awakening renewed creativity and a deeper sense of grounding -How to unlock the power of questioning and the art of journaling to expand your awareness in Nature -The many health & cognitive benefits you can enjoy from meditating outdoors, and how these practices literally rewire your brain and reprogram your cells for greater wellness -Learn a complete four-part meditation sequence that enlivens the mind, heart and senses -Explore over 36 awareness practices and techniques you can apply around your home or in the deepest wilderness Who This Book is For: You want to learn how to bring mindfulness into your nature experience; learn techniques to ditch stress and enjoy the moment, with more peace and grounding in your life You long to understand Nature's language, and feel more connected with all of your senses awakened Perfect both for seasoned Outdoor Guides & also for new practitioners of nature connection, forest bathing (shinrin yoku) & forest therapy who want a deeper understanding of the beneficial changes arising in the brain and body through sensory awareness, meditation, and connection with the Nature within and around us "...the new gold standard for the how and why of mindfulness. This book will help you achieve balance using simple techniques that are easily integrated into your every day life. Josh offers tangible takeaways for personal nature connection, helping relieve stress and increase health. Backed by science and story, Josh's writings are an easy, informative and fun read. This book is the perfect place to start your journey to true connection and happiness." - Nicole Apelian, Ph.D.

The Neuroscience of Mindfulness

The Neuroscience of Mindfulness
The Astonishing Science behind How Everyday Hobbies Help You Relax

by Dr Stan Rodski

  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release : 2018-12-17
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 1460708318
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explore the benefits of a mindful approach to life Cutting-edge studies in neuroscience have in recent years proved what many doctors, therapists and other health professionals had long suspected: simple, repetitive tasks, performed with focus and attention - mindfulness, in other words - can not only quieten our noisy thought processes and help us relax but also improve our outlook on life and protect us against a range of life-threatening illnesses. A cognitive neuroscientist and a leading authority on mental performance, Stan Rodski sets out the science behind these remarkable discoveries in simple terms, and explains how you in turn can benefit from them. As well as examining the potentially pivotal role of mindfulness in alleviating stress and managing energy, Stan highlights the most effective mindfulness activities, guides you through quick and easy exercises, and shows you how to harness the power of mindfulness over the long term to forge mental and physical resilience - and create a happier, healthier, more compelling future.

Zen and the Brain

Zen and the Brain
Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness

by James H. Austin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 1999-06-04
  • Pages : 868
  • ISBN : 9780262260350
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A neuroscientist and Zen practitioner interweaves the latest research on the brain with his personal narrative of Zen. Aldous Huxley called humankind's basic trend toward spiritual growth the "perennial philosophy." In the view of James Austin, the trend implies a "perennial psychophysiology"—because awakening, or enlightenment, occurs only when the human brain undergoes substantial changes. What are the peak experiences of enlightenment? How could these states profoundly enhance, and yet simplify, the workings of the brain? Zen and the Brain presents the latest evidence. In this book Zen Buddhism becomes the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness. In order to understand which brain mechanisms produce Zen states, one needs some understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the brain. Austin, both a neurologist and a Zen practitioner, interweaves the most recent brain research with the personal narrative of his Zen experiences. The science is both inclusive and rigorous; the Zen sections are clear and evocative. Along the way, Austin examines such topics as similar states in other disciplines and religions, sleep and dreams, mental illness, consciousness-altering drugs, and the social consequences of the advanced stage of ongoing enlightenment.

Blissful Brain

Blissful Brain
Neuroscience and Proof of the Power of Meditation

by Shanida Nataraja

  • Publisher : Gaia
  • Release : 2009-04-15
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 9781856752916
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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What goes on in the brain when we meditate? Are we biologically programmed to need religious and mystical experiences? Can the benefits of meditation be measured? In The Blissful Brain, Dr. Shanida Nataraja explores the extraordinary research that shows practices such as meditation, tai chi and yoga are not only helpful in reducing stress; they may actually be crucial for good health and optimal brain functioning. From the effects of meditation on blood pressure and depression to the latest insights from brain imaging studies, this book reveals the scientific evidence that proves meditative practices should be at the very heart of our healthcare system.

Waking, Dreaming, Being

Waking, Dreaming, Being
Self and Consciousness in Neuroscience, Meditation, and Philosophy

by Evan Thompson

  • Publisher : Columbia University Press
  • Release : 2014-11-11
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN : 0231137095
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A renowned philosopher of the mind, also known for his groundbreaking work on Buddhism and cognitive science, Evan Thompson combines the latest neuroscience research on sleep, dreaming, and meditation with Indian and Western philosophy of the mind, casting new light on the self and its relation to the brain. Thompson shows how the self is a changing process, not a static thing. When we are awake we identify with our body, but if we let our mind wander or daydream, we project a mentally imagined self into the remembered past or anticipated future. As we fall asleep, the impression of being a bounded self distinct from the world dissolves, but the self reappears in the dream state. If we have a lucid dream, we no longer identify only with the self within the dream. Our sense of self now includes our dreaming self, the ÒIÓ as dreamer. Finally, as we meditateÑeither in the waking state or in a lucid dreamÑwe can observe whatever images or thoughts arise and how we tend to identify with them as Òme.Ó We can also experience sheer awareness itself, distinct from the changing contents that make up our image of the self. Contemplative traditions say that we can learn to let go of the self, so that when we die we can witness the dissolution of the self with equanimity. Thompson weaves together neuroscience, philosophy, and personal narrative to depict these transformations, adding uncommon depth to lifeÕs profound questions. Contemplative experience comes to illuminate scientific findings, and scientific evidence enriches the vast knowledge acquired by contemplatives.

Altered Traits

Altered Traits
Science Reveals How Meditation Changes Your Mind, Brain, and Body

by Daniel Goleman,Richard J. Davidson

  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release : 2017-09-05
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 0399184406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two New York Times–bestselling authors unveil new research showing what meditation can really do for the brain. In the last twenty years, meditation and mindfulness have gone from being kind of cool to becoming an omnipresent Band-Aid for fixing everything from your weight to your relationship to your achievement level. Unveiling here the kind of cutting-edge research that has made them giants in their fields, Daniel Goleman and Richard Davidson show us the truth about what meditation can really do for us, as well as exactly how to get the most out of it. Sweeping away common misconceptions and neuromythology to open readers’ eyes to the ways data has been distorted to sell mind-training methods, the authors demonstrate that beyond the pleasant states mental exercises can produce, the real payoffs are the lasting personality traits that can result. But short daily doses will not get us to the highest level of lasting positive change—even if we continue for years—without specific additions. More than sheer hours, we need smart practice, including crucial ingredients such as targeted feedback from a master teacher and a more spacious, less attached view of the self, all of which are missing in widespread versions of mind training. The authors also reveal the latest data from Davidson’s own lab that point to a new methodology for developing a broader array of mind-training methods with larger implications for how we can derive the greatest benefits from the practice. Exciting, compelling, and grounded in new research, this is one of those rare books that has the power to change us at the deepest level.

Neuroscience of Mind Empowerment

Neuroscience of Mind Empowerment
Epigenetics, Neuroplasticity, Meditation, and Music Therapy

by Anees Akhtar,Nasim Khan

  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Release : 2017-01-28
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1524676993
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Train your mind as a social, financial, spiritual problem-solving and illness-dissolving machine. Neuroscience of Mind Empowerment, Epigenetics, Neuroplasticity, Meditation, and Music Therapy, by Anees Akhtar and Dr. Nasim Khan, introduces the frontiers of research in the fields of Neuroscience and Mind Science. Your state of optimistic and pessimistic mind can alter your genetic makeup in response to your thought patterns. Your soft-wired, neuroplastic, brain will grow and it can be enhanced by a positive attitude and higher aims in your life your mind can alter its anatomy and physiology, to establish a healthy and strong body, when you train it according to the guidance described in this book. Further, this book aims to encourage exploration of the research in combatting neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental diseases and conditions such as Parkinsons, Alzheimers, some other dementias, and some neurodevelopmental-spectrum disorders, such as Autism through music therapy, meditation, and mindfulness.

Meditation – Neuroscientific Approaches and Philosophical Implications

Meditation – Neuroscientific Approaches and Philosophical Implications
A Book

by Stefan Schmidt,Harald Walach

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-11-19
  • Pages : 411
  • ISBN : 3319016342
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume features a collection of essays on consciousness, which has become one of the hot topics at the crossroads between neuroscience, philosophy, and religious studies. Is consciousness something the brain produces? How can we study it? Is there just one type of consciousness or are there different states that can be discriminated? Are so called “higher states of consciousness” that some people report during meditation pointing towards a new understanding of consciousness? Meditation research is a new discipline that shows new inroads into the study of consciousness. If a meditative practice changes brain structure itself this is direct proof of the causal influence of consciousness onto its substrate. If different states of consciousness can be linked with properties and states of the brain this can be used to study consciousness more directly. If the sense of self is modifiable through meditative techniques and this can be objectively shown through neuro-imaging, this has profound implications for our understanding of who we are. Can consciousness, in deep states of meditative absorption, actually access some aspect of reality which we normally don't? Meditation research can potentially foster us with a new access to the phenomenological method in general. This has even been branded with a new catch-phrase: Contemplative Science. It brings together the most modern neuroscientific approach and the most advanced phenomenological methodology of studying the mind from within, through highly skilled self-observation that has gone through many thousand hours of honing the capacity to look carefully, without distraction. This book addresses these issues by bringing together some of the leading researchers and thinkers in the field. The scope of the volume reaches from first person neuroscience to Indian philosophy, from pedagogic applications to epistemological aspects and from compassion meditation to the study of brain activity.

Neuroimaging and Neuropsychology of Meditation States

Neuroimaging and Neuropsychology of Meditation States

by Barbara Tomasino,Franco Fabbro

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 288945178X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Neurophysiological and psychological modifications induced by meditation practice have been consistently addressed by neuroscience. Training meditation practice induced plasticity (Barinaga, 2003; Knight, 2004), and as a consequence several benefit for mental and physical health (Davidson & McEwen, 2012), and cognitive performance. One goal of meditation is to achieve the light of consciousness observing with equanimity (the right distance) clouds of the mind wandering. This Frontiers Research Topic brings together studies from groups of authors whose research focus on neuropsychological systems involved in meditation demonstrating how meditation activates and can modify brain areas, cognitive mechanisms and well-being.

Siddhartha's Brain

Siddhartha's Brain
Unlocking the Ancient Science of Enlightenment

by James Kingsland

  • Publisher : HarperCollins
  • Release : 2016-04-26
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 0062403869
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A groundbreaking exploration of the “science of enlightenment,” told through the lens of the journey of Siddhartha (better known as Buddha), by Guardian science editor James Kingsland. In a lush grove on the banks of the Neranjara in northern India—400 years before the birth of Christ, when the foundations of western science and philosophy were being laid by the great minds of Ancient Greece—a prince turned ascetic wanderer sat beneath a fig tree. His name was Siddhartha Gautama, and he was discovering the astonishing capabilities of the human brain and the secrets of mental wellness and spiritual “enlightenment,” the foundation of Buddhism. Framed by the historical journey and teachings of the Buddha, Siddhartha’s Brain shows how meditative and Buddhist practice anticipated the findings of modern neuroscience. Moving from the evolutionary history of the brain to the disorders and neuroses associated with our technology-driven world, James Kingsland explains why the ancient practice of mindfulness has been so beneficial and so important for human beings across time. Far from a New Age fad, the principles of meditation have deep scientific support and have been proven to be effective in combating many contemporary psychiatric disorders. Siddhartha posited that “Our life is shaped by our mind; we become what we think.” As we are increasingly driven to distraction by competing demands, our ability to focus and control our thoughts has never been more challenged—or more vital. Siddhartha’s Brain offers a cutting-edge, big-picture assessment of meditation and mindfulness: how it works, what it does to our brains, and why meditative practice has never been more important.

Meditation Interventions to Rewire the Brain

Meditation Interventions to Rewire the Brain
Integrating Neuroscience Strategies for ADHD, Anxiety, Depression & PTSD

by Jeff Tarrant

  • Publisher : Pesi Publishing & Media
  • Release : 2017-07-03
  • Pages : 175
  • ISBN : 9781683730729
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Discover how to increase the power of meditation and mindfulness in your clinical practice. Meditation Interventions to Rewire the Brain takes a practical, individualized, brain-based approach to the practice of meditation. Author Jeff Tarrant, PhD, goes beyond traditional meditation practices to include a broad collection of mind-body strategies to effectively treat ADHD, anxiety, depression and PTSD. --Over 50 worksheets, handouts, tips, scripts and exercises on: -Matching the four styles of Neuromeditation with client needs and goals -Yoga, meditation-in-motion and nature-based strategies -Using therapeutic tools such as biofeedback, essential oils & virtual reality -Everything you need to immediately begin using these methods in your practice

Meditation

Meditation
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-15
  • Pages : 358
  • ISBN : 9780444642271
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Meditation, Volume 244, the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series, highlights new advances in the field with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on The effect of meditation on attentional processes, State-trait influences of Vipassana meditation practice on P3 EEG dynamics, What could teachers learn from the neuroscience of self-experience?, Training Attention for Conscious Non-REM Sleep: The Yogic Technique of Yoga Nidra and Its Implications for Neuroscience Research, CNV and P3 modulations following sensorimotor training, Analytical meditation: a characterization of a reasoning-based meditation training, Buddhist meditation and the regulation of brain networks, Mindfulness-based Emotional Balance Training in Military Spouse, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Progress in Brain Research series Updated release includes the latest information on Meditation

Meditating Selflessly

Meditating Selflessly
Practical Neural Zen

by James H. Austin

  • Publisher : MIT Press
  • Release : 2011-10-07
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 026229771X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A guide to Zen meditative practice informed by the latest findings in brain research. This is not the usual kind of self-help book. Indeed, its major premise heeds a Zen master's advice to be less self-centered. Yes, it is "one more book of words about Zen," as the author concedes, yet this book explains meditative practices from the perspective of a "neural Zen." The latest findings in brain research inform its suggestions. In Meditating Selflessly, James Austin—Zen practitioner, neurologist, and author of three acclaimed books on Zen and neuroscience—guides readers toward that open awareness already awaiting them on the cushion and in the natural world. Austin offers concrete advice—often in a simplified question-and-answer format—about different ways to meditate. He clarifies both the concentrative and receptive styles of meditation. Drawing widely from the exciting new field of contemplative neuroscience, Austin helps resolve an ancient paradox: why both insight wisdom and selflessness arise simultaneously during enlightened states of consciousness.

What Can Neuroscience Learn from Contemplative Practices?

What Can Neuroscience Learn from Contemplative Practices?

by Zoran Josipovic,Bernard J. Baars

  • Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
  • Release : 2016-09-22
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2889199711
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A recent wave of brain research has advanced our understanding of the neural mechanisms of conscious states, contents and functions. A host of questions remain to be explored, as shown by lively debates between models of higher vs. lower-order aspects of consciousness, as well as global vs. local models. (Baars 2007; Block, 2009; Dennett and Cohen, 2011; Lau and Rosenthal, 2011). Over some twenty-five centuries the contemplative traditions have also developed explicit descriptions and taxonomies of the mind, to interpret experiences that are often reported in contemplative practices (Radhakrishnan & Moore, 1967; Rinbochay & Naper, 1981). These traditional descriptions sometimes converge on current scientific debates, such as the question of conceptual vs. non-conceptual consciousness; reflexivity or “self-knowing” associated with consciousness; the sense of self and consciousness; and aspects of consciousness that are said to continue during sleep. These real or claimed aspects of consciousness have not been fully integrated into scientific models so far. This Research Topic in Consciousness Research aims to provide a forum for theoretical proposals, new empirical findings, integrative literature reviews, and methodological improvements inspired by meditation-based models. We include a broad array of topics, including but not limited to: replicable findings from a variety of systematic mental practices; changes in brain functioning and organization that can be attributed to such practices; their effects on adaptation and neural plasticity; measurable effects on perception, cognition, affect and self-referential processes. We include contributions that address the question of causal attribution. Many published studies are correlational in nature, because of the inherent difficulty of conducting longitudinal experiments based on a major lifestyle decision, such as the decision to commit to a mental practice over a period of years. We also feature clinical and case studies, integrative syntheses and significant opinion articles.