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New Negro: An Interpretation

New Negro: An Interpretation
A Book

by Alain Locke

  • Publisher : Courier Dover Publications
  • Release : 2021-01-13
  • Pages : 448
  • ISBN : 0486845613
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Widely regarded as the key text of the Harlem Renaissance, this landmark anthology of fiction, poetry, essays, drama, music, and illustration includes contributions by Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, James Weldon Johnson, and other luminaries.

The New Negro

The New Negro
The Life of Alain Locke

by Jeffrey C. Stewart

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2018
  • Pages : 932
  • ISBN : 019508957X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Winner of the 2018 National Book Award for Nonfiction. A tiny, fastidiously dressed man emerged from Black Philadelphia around the turn of the century to mentor a generation of young artists including Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, and Jacob Lawrence and call them the New Negro -- the creative African Americans whose art, literature, music, and drama would inspire Black people to greatness. In The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke, Jeffrey C. Stewart offers the definitive biography of the father of the Harlem Renaissance, based on the extant primary sources of his life and on interviews with those who knew him personally. He narrates the education of Locke, including his becoming the first African American Rhodes Scholar and earning a PhD in philosophy at Harvard University, and his long career as a professor at Howard University. Locke also received a cosmopolitan, aesthetic education through his travels in continental Europe, where he came to appreciate the beauty of art and experienced a freedom unknown to him in the United States. And yet he became most closely associated with the flowering of Black culture in Jazz Age America and his promotion of the literary and artistic work of African Americans as the quintessential creations of American modernism. In the process he looked to Africa to find the proud and beautiful roots of the race. Shifting the discussion of race from politics and economics to the arts, he helped establish the idea that Black urban communities could be crucibles of creativity. Stewart explores both Locke's professional and private life, including his relationships with his mother, his friends, and his white patrons, as well as his lifelong search for love as a gay man. Stewart's thought-provoking biography recreates the worlds of this illustrious, enigmatic man who, in promoting the cultural heritage of Black people, became -- in the process -- a New Negro himself.

The New Negro

The New Negro
Readings on Race, Representation, and African American Culture, 1892-1938

by Henry Louis Gates Jr.,Gene Andrew Jarrett

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2021-06-08
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 1400827876
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When African American intellectuals announced the birth of the "New Negro" around the turn of the twentieth century, they were attempting through a bold act of renaming to change the way blacks were depicted and perceived in America. By challenging stereotypes of the Old Negro, and declaring that the New Negro was capable of high achievement, black writers tried to revolutionize how whites viewed blacks--and how blacks viewed themselves. Nothing less than a strategy to re-create the public face of "the race," the New Negro became a dominant figure of racial uplift between Reconstruction and World War II, as well as a central idea of the Harlem, or New Negro, Renaissance. Edited by Henry Louis Gates, Jr., and Gene Andrew Jarrett, The New Negro collects more than one hundred canonical and lesser-known essays published between 1892 and 1938 that examine the issues of race and representation in African American culture. These readings--by writers including W.E.B. Du Bois, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Alain Locke, Carl Van Vechten, Zora Neale Hurston, and Richard Wright--discuss the trope of the New Negro, and the milieu in which this figure existed, from almost every conceivable angle. Political essays are joined by essays on African American fiction, poetry, drama, music, painting, and sculpture. More than fascinating historical documents, these essays remain essential to the way African American identity and history are still understood today.

The New Negro Aesthetic

The New Negro Aesthetic
Selected Writings

by Alain Locke

  • Publisher : Penguin Classics
  • Release : 2022-01-18
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN : 9780143135210
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer edits a collection of Alain Locke's influential essays on the importance of the Black artist and the Black imagination A Penguin Classic For months, the philosopher Alain Locke wrestled with the idea of the Negro as America's most vexing problem. He asked how shall Negroes think of themselves as he considered the new crop of poets, novelists, and short story writers who, in 1924, wrote about their experiences as Black people in America. He did not want to frame Harlem and Black writing as yet another protest against racism, nor did he want to focus on the sociological perspective on the "Negro problem" and Harlem as a site of crime, poverty, and dysfunction. He wanted to find new language and a new way for Black people to think of themselves. The essays and articles collected in this volume, by Locke's Pulitzer Prize-winning biographer, are the result of that new attitude and the struggle to instill that New Negro aesthetics, as Stewart calls it here, into the mind of the twentieth century. To be a New Negro poet, novelist, actor, musician, dancer, or filmmaker was to commit oneself to an arc of self-discovery of what and who the Negro was--would be--without fear that one would disappoint the white or Black bystander. In committing to that path, Locke asserted, one would uncover a "being-in-the-world" that was rich and bountiful in its creative possibilities, if Black people could turn off the noise of racism and see themselves for who they really are: a world of creative people who have transformed, powerfully and perpetually, the culture of wherever history or social forces landed them.

The New Negro

The New Negro
A Book

by Alain Locke

  • Publisher : Graphic Arts Books
  • Release : 2021-03-24
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1513287419
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The New Negro (1925) is an anthology by Alain Locke. Expanded from a March issue of Survey Graphic magazine, The New Negro compiles writing from such figures as Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, Zora Neale Hurston, Jean Toomer, and Locke himself. Recognized as a foundational text of the Harlem Renaissance, the collection is organized around Locke’s writing on the function of art in reorganizing the conception of African American life and culture. Through self-understanding, creation, and independence, Locke’s New Negro came to represent a break from an inhumane past, a means toward meaningful change for a people held down for far too long. “[F]or generations in the mind of America, the Negro has been more of a formula than a human being—a something to be argued about, condemned or defended, to be ‘kept down,’ or ‘in his place,’ or ‘helped up,’ to be worried with or worried over, harassed or patronized, a social bogey or a social burden.” Identifying the representation of black Americans in the national imaginary as oppressive in nature, Locke suggests a way forward through his theory of the New Negro, who “wishes to be known for what he is, even in his faults and shortcomings, and scorns a craven and precarious survival at the price of seeming to be what he is not.” Throughout The New Negro, leading artists and intellectuals of the Harlem Renaissance offer their unique visions of who and what they are; voicing their concerns, portraying injustice, and illuminating the black experience, they provide a holistic vision of self-expression in all of its colors and forms. With a beautifully designed cover and professionally typeset manuscript, this edition of Alain Locke’s The New Negro is a classic of African American literature reimagined for modern readers.

Harlem, Mecca of the New Negro

Harlem, Mecca of the New Negro
A Book

by Alain L. Locke

  • Publisher : Black Classic Press
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 103
  • ISBN : 9780933121058
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Portraits of the New Negro Woman

Portraits of the New Negro Woman
Visual and Literary Culture in the Harlem Renaissance

by Cherene Sherrard-Johnson

  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 0813539773
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Of all the images to arise from the Harlem Renaissance, the most thought-provoking were those of the mulatta. For some writers, artists, and filmmakers, these images provided an alternative to the stereotypes of black womanhood and a challenge to the color line. For others, they represented key aspects of modernity and race coding central to the New Negro Movement. Due to the mulatta's frequent ability to pass for white, she represented a variety of contradictory meanings that often transcended racial, class, and gender boundaries. In this engaging narrative, Cherene Sherrard-Johnson uses the writings of Nella Larsen and Jessie Fauset as well as the work of artists like Archibald Motley and William H. Johnson to illuminate the centrality of the mulatta by examining a variety of competing arguments about race in the Harlem Renaissance and beyond.

The New Negro in the Old South

The New Negro in the Old South
A Book

by Gabriel A. Briggs

  • Publisher : Rutgers University Press
  • Release : 2015-11-13
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0813574803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Standard narratives of early twentieth-century African American history credit the Great Migration of southern blacks to northern metropolises for the emergence of the New Negro, an educated, upwardly mobile sophisticate very different from his forebears. Yet this conventional history overlooks the cultural accomplishments of an earlier generation, in the black communities that flourished within southern cities immediately after Reconstruction. In this groundbreaking historical study, Gabriel A. Briggs makes the compelling case that the New Negro first emerged long before the Great Migration to the North. The New Negro in the Old South reconstructs the vibrant black community that developed in Nashville after the Civil War, demonstrating how it played a pivotal role in shaping the economic, intellectual, social, and political lives of African Americans in subsequent decades. Drawing from extensive archival research, Briggs investigates what made Nashville so unique and reveals how it served as a formative environment for major black intellectuals like Sutton Griggs and W.E.B. Du Bois. The New Negro in the Old South makes the past come alive as it vividly recounts little-remembered episodes in black history, from the migration of Colored Infantry veterans in the late 1860s to the Fisk University protests of 1925. Along the way, it gives readers a new appreciation for the sophistication, determination, and bravery of African Americans in the decades between the Civil War and the Harlem Renaissance.

The New Negro

The New Negro
A Book

by Mathew H. Ahmann

  • Publisher : Biblo & Tannen Publishers
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN : 9780819602329
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Inventing the New Negro

Inventing the New Negro
Narrative, Culture, and Ethnography

by Daphne Lamothe

  • Publisher : University of Pennsylvania Press
  • Release : 2013-03-01
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0812204042
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It is no coincidence, Daphne Lamothe writes, that so many black writers and intellectuals of the first half of the twentieth century either trained formally as ethnographers or worked as amateur collectors of folklore and folk culture. In Inventing the New Negro Lamothe explores the process by which key figures such as Zora Neale Hurston, Katherine Dunham, W. E. B. Du Bois, James Weldon Johnson, and Sterling Brown adapted ethnography and folklore in their narratives to create a cohesive, collective, and modern black identity. Lamothe explores how these figures assumed the roles of self-reflective translators and explicators of African American and African diasporic cultures to Western, largely white audiences. Lamothe argues that New Negro writers ultimately shifted the presuppositions of both literary modernism and modernist anthropology by making their narratives as much about ways of understanding as they were about any quest for objective knowledge. In critiquing the ethnographic framework within which they worked, they confronted the classist, racist, and cultural biases of the dominant society and challenged their readers to imagine a different set of relations between the powerful and the oppressed. Inventing the New Negro combines an intellectual history of one of the most important eras of African American letters with nuanced and original readings of seminal works of literature. It will be of interest not only to Harlem Renaissance scholars but to anyone who is interested in the intersections of culture, literature, folklore, and ethnography.

The Making of the New Negro

The Making of the New Negro
Black Authorship, Masculinity, and Sexuality in the Harlem Renaissance

by Anna Pochmara

  • Publisher : Amsterdam University Press
  • Release : 2011
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN : 9089643192
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Making of the New Negro examines black masculinity in the period of the New Negro/Harlem Renaissance, which for many decades did not attract a lot of scholarly attention, until, in the 1990s, many scholars discovered how complex, significant, and fascinating it was. Using African American published texts, American archives and unpublished writings, and contemporaneous European discourses, this book focuses both on the canonical figures of the New Negro Movement and African American culture, such as W.E.B. Du Bois, Booker T. Washington, Alain Locke, and Richard Wright, and on writers who have not received as much scholarly attention despite their significance for the movement, such as Wallace Thurman. Its perspective combines gender, sexuality, and race studies with a thorough literary analysis and historicist investigation, an approach that has not been extensively applied to analyze the New Negro Renaissance.

The New Negro

The New Negro
Voices of the Harlem Renaissance

by Alain Locke

  • Publisher : Open Road Media
  • Release : 2021-01-05
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN : 1504066073
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A portrait of the vibrant world of 1920s Harlem, with writings by Langston Hughes, W. E. B. Du Bois, Zora Neale Hurston, Claude McKay, Walter White, and more. The Harlem Renaissance was a landmark period in African American history—a time when black poets, musicians, intellectuals, civil rights activists, and others changed the social and cultural landscape in enduring ways. Its influence went far beyond the confines of uptown New York City, as it incorporated voices from the Great Migration, in which African Americans moved north in vast numbers; and elevated artists and thinkers who would become iconic figures in not only Black history, but also American history. Now considered the definitive work of the Harlem Renaissance, The New Negro features fiction, poetry, and essays that shaped the era. “A book of unusual interest and value.” —The New York Times “[Locke was] the godfather of the Harlem Renaissance.” —Publishers Weekly “Alain Locke is a critical—and complex—figure in any discussion of African-American intellectual history.” —Kirkus Reviews

Authentic Blackness

Authentic Blackness
The Folk in the New Negro Renaissance

by J. Martin Favor

  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Release : 1999
  • Pages : 187
  • ISBN : 9780822323457
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Explores the concepts of "blackness" and "race" in four seminal novels of the Harlem Renaissance.

Word, Image, and the New Negro

Word, Image, and the New Negro
Representation and Identity in the Harlem Renaissance

by Anne Elizabeth Carroll

  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release : 2005
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780253345837
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A study of the interaction of word and image in the creative work of the Harlem Renaissance.

Picturing the New Negro

Picturing the New Negro
Harlem Renaissance Print Culture and Modern Black Identity

by Caroline Goeser

  • Publisher : Culture America (Hardcover)
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chronicles the vibrant partnership between literary and visual African American artists that resulted in the image of the New Negro. In the process, demonstrates that commercial illustration represents the largest and, in some cases, most progressive body of visual art associated with the Harlem Renaissance.

Alain Locke's "Enter the New Negro". Pivotal for a BLACK* identity in the 1920s?

Alain Locke's 'Enter the New Negro'. Pivotal for a BLACK* identity in the 1920s?
A Book

by Ayebatonyeseigha Christ

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2018-05-18
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN : 3668706069
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2018 in the subject History - America, grade: 1,3, University of Kassel (Amerikanistik), language: English, abstract: Identity. A word that defines our whole being as humans. Psychoanalytics in the likes of Sigmund Freud and Erik H. Erikson have asked themselves this very question, what is identity and how does it affect us as humans? Whilst identity has been beneficial for certain groups on earth, this hasn’t been the case for African Americans in the 19th and 20th century, as the trail-blazing cultural theorist Stuart Hall, in his inimitable way disputes it in "Cultural Identity and Diaspora". The identity of African Americans overall in the American Society has always been dictated by the majority society who were mostly white. The identity of African Americans was solely depicted in a negative light. With their new-found freedom, African Americans were bound to change the narrative of their thitherto identity, through their own efforts and making. Hence was born a literary movement, "Enter the New Negro" by the philosopher Alain Locke. In this term paper, an attempt is being made with the help of the book "Enter the New Negro" by Alain Locke to find out if his writings were pivotal for shaping the identity of African Americans in the arts and in the media during the 1920s.

Enter the New Negroes

Enter the New Negroes
Images of Race in American Culture

by Martha Jane Nadell,Nadell

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2004
  • Pages : 199
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Focusing on images from the Harlem Renaissance that sparked a vibrant debate on identity, community, and history, "Enter the New Negroes" restores a critical visual aspect to African-American culture as it evokes the passion of a community determined to shape its own identity and image. (Africa-American Studies)

The New Negro of the South

The New Negro of the South
A Portrait of Movements and Leadership

by Wilmoth Annette Carter

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1967
  • Pages : 58
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The New Negro of the Harlem Renaissance in the Poems of Claude McKay

The New Negro of the Harlem Renaissance in the Poems of Claude McKay
A Book

by Victoria Schneider

  • Publisher : GRIN Verlag
  • Release : 2011-06
  • Pages : 52
  • ISBN : 3640943643
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, grade: 2,3, University of Potsdam, course: African American Literature, language: English, abstract: Introduction At the beginning of the 20th century, the black population had to assess that they became the plaything of history and they did not have a bearing on their position in society. First of all, the African-Americans had to change their self-conception and their self-perception to achieve a special position in society as an individual. In these years, the black intellectuals were profoundly convinced that the new awareness of the Negro would mark a Renaissance in the history of the African-Americans. The discovery respectively the awareness about personal values, the newfound self-confidence on the one hand and the search for respect and appreciativeness on the other hand formed the base to create a new identity of the black population. Associated processes in politics, arts and especially in literature mobilized the creative strengths of many artists who lived primarily in Harlem at that time. At the beginning of this work, I want to look at theories about the term of the New Negro written by Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Du Bois and Alain Locke. After that I want to illustrate the changed awareness and the soul of the New Negro with the help of selected poems written by Claude McKay. By doing so I want to show and highlight different aspects that the New Negro of the Harlem Renaissance embodied. The poems of Claude McKay, which were published in 1917, already dealt with the topic of the New Negro and therefore Claude McKay was believed to be a forerunner and the new voice of the Negro literature before the Harlem Renaissance had begun. The new self-image of the African-Americans, which was based on the pride of the own race, was not protected against the permanent discriminations initiated by the white population in America. None other could embody and p

The New Negro

The New Negro
A Book

by Alain LeRoy Locke

  • Publisher : Scribner
  • Release : 1925
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN : 9780689708213
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An interpretative anthology that acted as a manifesto for the Harlem Renaissance defines the artistic and social goals of the New Negro Movement of the 1920s.