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The Plasticity of Sex

The Plasticity of Sex
The Molecular Biology and Clinical Features of Genomic Sex, Gender Identity and Sexual Behavior

by Marianne J. Legato

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-06-03
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 0128159685
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Plasticity of Sex: The Molecular Biology and Clinical Features of Genomic Sex, Gender Identity and Sexual Behavior provides a comprehensive view on the development of human sexuality. As there has been a crescendo of interest over the past several decades about the nature and diversity of human sexuality, this reference brings the evidence-based research into one place. The emergence of issues surrounding gender identity, genital ambivalence and the transition from one sex to another is striking, with the public and treating physicians alike clamoring for an evidence-based, comprehensive treatment of human sexuality and all its variations. This is a must-have reference for biomedical researchers in endocrinology, neuroscience, development biology, medical students, residents, and practicing physicians from all medical areas. Discusses the role of biology in gender identity from research in genetics, endocrinology and neuroscience Addresses important health disparities and how to address them when treating the transgender patient Reviews evidence-based information on the biological basis and impact of environmental and hormonal factors at different life stages Outlines schema for treating variations in the sexuality and sexual function of the individual patient

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health
A Book

by Lenore Manderson

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 0415673291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health highlights the complex ways in which sexuality is expressed and enacted through local ideologies, global identities and material cultures, and their influence on people's sexual health and wellbeing. Its impetus is the renewed interest in technology and the 'social life of things, ' including pharmaceuticals, expanded sexual and related surgery, the growing exploitation of markets for sexual and contraceptive products, and the impact of these on sexual and health practices and outcomes. The book is organised into three parts. The first section on cultural practices consists of four chapters exploring the durability of various traditional practices, products and beliefs about bodies, illustrating how these technologies enable the exercise of power and draw attention to the complex tasks for individuals who may resist, challenge or avoid their imposition.The second part looks at commonalities across cultural borders and gendered identities -- how products and procedures travel, not only in formal economies and through the vectors of globalisation, but also informally, carried by individuals across cultural and social boundaries though sexual, social and commercial interactions. The final part discusses power and cultural norms in relation to contemporary technologies and to modern rights, places and spaces -- with violence highlighted as a technology of control. The volume brings together anthropologists, sociologists and cultural studies scholars, both senior and emerging scholars from around the globe -- and contains ethnographic data from Australia (indigenous and Anglo), Bangladesh, Brazil, France, India, Indonesia, Mozambique and Zambia, Papua New Guinea, Turkey, the United States, and the cyberworld. Offering an important and topical contribution to the developing global literature on sexuality, sexual identity, culture and health, it is of interest to researchers and advanced students in these areas

Plastic Bodies

Plastic Bodies
Sex Hormones and Menstrual Suppression in Brazil

by Emilia Sanabria

  • Publisher : Duke University Press
  • Release : 2016-04-22
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN : 0822374196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In Plastic Bodies Emilia Sanabria examines how sex hormones are enrolled to create, mold, and discipline social relations and subjectivities. She shows how hormones have become central to contemporary understandings of the body, class, gender, sex, personhood, modernity, and Brazilian national identity. Through interviews with women and doctors; observations in clinics, research centers and pharmacies; and analyses of contraceptive marketing, Sanabria traces the genealogy of menstrual suppression, from its use in population control strategies in the global South to its remarketing as a practice of pharmaceutical self-enhancement couched in neoliberal notions of choice. She links the widespread practice of menstrual suppression and other related elective medical interventions to Bahian views of the body as a malleable object that requires constant work. Given this bodily plasticity, and its potentially limitless character, the book considers ways to assess the values attributed to bodily interventions. Plastic Bodies will be of interest to all those working in medical anthropology, gender studies, and sexual and reproductive health.

Histories of the Transgender Child

Histories of the Transgender Child
A Book

by Julian Gill-Peterson

  • Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
  • Release : 2018-10-23
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1452958157
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A groundbreaking twentieth-century history of transgender children With transgender rights front and center in American politics, media, and culture, the pervasive myth still exists that today’s transgender children are a brand new generation—pioneers in a field of new obstacles and hurdles. Histories of the Transgender Child shatters this myth, uncovering a previously unknown twentieth-century history when transgender children not only existed but preexisted the term transgender and its predecessors, playing a central role in the medicalization of trans people, and all sex and gender. Beginning with the early 1900s when children with “ambiguous” sex first sought medical attention, to the 1930s when transgender people began to seek out doctors involved in altering children’s sex, to the invention of the category gender, and finally the 1960s and ’70s when, as the field institutionalized, transgender children began to take hormones, change their names, and even access gender confirmation, Julian Gill-Peterson reconstructs the medicalization and racialization of children’s bodies. Throughout, they foreground the racial history of medicine that excludes black and trans of color children through the concept of gender’s plasticity, placing race at the center of their analysis and at the center of transgender studies. Until now, little has been known about early transgender history and life and its relevance to children. Using a wealth of archival research from hospitals and clinics, including incredible personal letters from children to doctors, as well as scientific and medical literature, this book reaches back to the first half of the twentieth century—a time when the category transgender was not available but surely existed, in the lives of children and parents.

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine
Gender in the Genomic Era

by Marianne J. Legato

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-05-15
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN : 0128035420
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The announcement that we had decoded the human genome in 2000 ushered in a new and unique era in biomedical research and clinical medicine. This Third Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses, as in the past two editions, on the essentials of sexual dimorphism in human physiology and pathophysiology, but emphasizes the latest information about molecular biology and genomic science in a variety of disciplines. Thus, this edition is a departure from the previous two; the editor solicited individual manuscripts from innovative scientists in a variety of fields rather than the traditional arrangement of sections devoted to the various subspecialties of medicine edited by section chiefs. Wherever it was available, these authors incorporated the latest information about the impact of the genome and the elements that modify its expression on human physiology and illness. All chapters progress translationally from basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapy and suggest the most important topics for future investigation. This book is essential reading for all biomedical investigators and medical educators involved in gender-specific medicine. It will also be useful for primary care practitioners who need information about the importance of sex and gender in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness. Outlines sex-specific differences in normal human function and explains the impact of age, hormones, and environment on the incidence and outcome of illness Reflects the latest information about the molecular basis of the sexual dimorphism in human physiology and the experience of disease Reviews the implications of our ever-improving ability to describe the genetic basis of vulnerability to disease and our capacity to alter the genome itself Illustrates the importance of new NIH guidelines that urge the inclusion of sex as a variable in research protocols

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish
A Book

by T. J. Pandian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2013-05-07
  • Pages : 318
  • ISBN : 1466575603
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Of all vertebrates, fish exhibit unparalleled diversity of sexual plasticity and flexibility, ranging from gonochorism to unisexualism, and exceptional patterns of functional hermaphroditism. Fish farming and monosex aquaculture have led to reproductive dysfunction with males producing less milt, and females failing to ovulate and spawn. This book brings together relevant information on the role of the endocrine system on sexual differentiation in fish, and bridges the gap between molecular endocrinologists and fishery scientists.

Brain Plasticity and Behavior

Brain Plasticity and Behavior
A Book

by Bryan Kolb

  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release : 2013-06-17
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN : 1134784147
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There are few books devoted to the topic of brain plasticity and behavior. Most previous works that cover topics related to brain plasticity do not include extensive discussions of behavior. The first to try to address the relationship between recovery from brain damage and changes in the brain that might support the recovery, this volume includes studies of humans as well as laboratory species, particularly rats. The subject matter identifies a consistent correlation between specific changes in the brain and behavioral recovery, as well as various factors such as sex and experience that influence this correlation in consistent ways. Evolving from a series of lectures given as the McEachran Lectures at the University of Alberta, this volume originally began as a summary of the lectures, but has expanded to include more background literature, allowing the reader to see the author's biases, assumptions, and hunches in a broader perspective. In writing this volume, the author had two goals in mind: * to initiate senior undergraduates or graduate psychology, biology, neuroscience or other interested students to the issues and questions regarding the nature of brain plasticity, and * to provide a monograph in the form of an extended summary of the work the author and his colleagues have done on brain plasticity and recovery of function.

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish
A Book

by T. J. Pandian

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2012-06-05
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 1466517107
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release : 2012-01-09
  • Pages : 1629
  • ISBN : 146496436X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environment, Health, and Pollution. The editors have built Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environment, Health, and Pollution in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Management of Bombus Atratus Bumblebees to Pollinate Lulo (Solanum Quitoense L), a Native Fruit from the Andes of Colombia

Management of Bombus Atratus Bumblebees to Pollinate Lulo (Solanum Quitoense L), a Native Fruit from the Andes of Colombia
A Book

by Maria Teresa Almanza Fandiño

  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release : 2007
  • Pages : 112
  • ISBN : 3867271879
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex, Color, and Mate Choice in Guppies

Sex, Color, and Mate Choice in Guppies
A Book

by Anne Houde

  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release : 2019-12-31
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN : 0691207267
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata) is well known to biologists and home aquarium enthusiasts alike. Scientists have studied guppies for most of the twentieth century. Some of the most intensive recent research has been conducted by behavioral ecologists, who have found that the guppy mating system makes guppies especially useful in the study of sexual selection and mate choice. By observing guppy behavior in aquaria, researchers hope to obtain new insights into how selection operates in natural populations. Here Anne Houde summarizes and synthesizes the scientific work done to date, relates the empirical findings on guppies to current themes in sexual selection theory, and suggests new directions for future research. This book describes the sexual behavior of guppies and examines how mate choice by females leads to the evolution of the conspicuous colors and the courtship displays for which guppies are widely recognized. The author shows that female guppies prefer males with bright color patterns, especially those with orange spots, and that the mating preferences of females lead to sexual selection on both color patterns and courtship displays of males. Houde's work addresses a number of areas that are of interest in sexual selection, including the remarkable degree of plasticity and evolutionary lability of sexual behavior in guppies, geographic variation in mating preferences, possible mechanisms for the evolution of female mating preferences, and the role of sexual selection in speciation. In conclusion, the author explores the implications of her findings for behavioral ecologists who study sexual selection in other species.

Beyond Separate Spheres

Beyond Separate Spheres
Intellectual Roots of Modern Feminism

by Rosalind Rosenberg

  • Publisher : Yale University Press
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780300030921
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Examines the lives of female social scientists in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, their difficulties in gaining acceptance, and their pioneering studies of the differences between the sexes

Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Vertebrates

Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Vertebrates
A Book

by Alberto J. Solari

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1993-10-22
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 9780849345715
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The cloning of the SRY gene and the attainment of XX mice transgenic for the Sry gene opened a new era in research on sex determination. This book surveys current knowledge of sex chromosomes and sex determination in all vertebrate classes, relying on the restriction of genetic recombination in sex chromosomes as the unifying concept of this subject. The book's interdisciplinary approach integrates contributions from the fields of cytogenetics, molecular biology, developmental biology, and evolutionary genetics. A detailed treatment of the meiotic behavior of sex chromosomes is featured, and the entire text is supplemented by numerous schemes, drawings, and electron micrographs. The book will be valuable to general cytogeneticists, vertebrate zoologists, and veterinarian and medical practitioners interested in the foundations of sex determination and the current knowledge of sex chromosomes. It will also interest students in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in these areas.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Does Sex Matter?

by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences

  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release : 2001-07-02
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9780309132978
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution
A Book

by Mary Jane West-Eberhard

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release : 2003-03-13
  • Pages : 916
  • ISBN : 9780198028567
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first comprehensive synthesis on development and evolution: it applies to all aspects of development, at all levels of organization and in all organisms, taking advantage of modern findings on behavior, genetics, endocrinology, molecular biology, evolutionary theory and phylogenetics to show the connections between developmental mechanisms and evolutionary change. This book solves key problems that have impeded a definitive synthesis in the past. It uses new concepts and specific examples to show how to relate environmentally sensitive development to the genetic theory of adaptive evolution and to explain major patterns of change. In this book development includes not only embryology and the ontogeny of morphology, sometimes portrayed inadequately as governed by "regulatory genes," but also behavioral development and physiological adaptation, where plasticity is mediated by genetically complex mechanisms like hormones and learning. The book shows how the universal qualities of phenotypes--modular organization and plasticity--facilitate both integration and change. Here you will learn why it is wrong to describe organisms as genetically programmed; why environmental induction is likely to be more important in evolution than random mutation; and why it is crucial to consider both selection and developmental mechanism in explanations of adaptive evolution. This book satisfies the need for a truly general book on development, plasticity and evolution that applies to living organisms in all of their life stages and environments. Using an immense compendium of examples on many kinds of organisms, from viruses and bacteria to higher plants and animals, it shows how the phenotype is reorganized during evolution to produce novelties, and how alternative phenotypes occupy a pivotal role as a phase of evolution that fosters diversification and speeds change. The arguments of this book call for a new view of the major themes of evolutionary biology, as shown in chapters on gradualism, homology, environmental induction, speciation, radiation, macroevolution, punctuation, and the maintenance of sex. No other treatment of development and evolution since Darwin's offers such a comprehensive and critical discussion of the relevant issues. Developmental Plasticity and Evolution is designed for biologists interested in the development and evolution of behavior, life-history patterns, ecology, physiology, morphology and speciation. It will also appeal to evolutionary paleontologists, anthropologists, psychologists, and teachers of general biology.

Sex Differences in Physiology

Sex Differences in Physiology
A Book

by Gretchen Neigh,Megan Mitzelfelt

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2016-05-10
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN : 0128026081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sex Differences in Physiology is an all-encompassing reference that details basic science research into sex differences in all physiological fields. It includes scientific discoveries concerning sex differences in cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, gastrointestinal, and musculoskeletal physiology. In addition, coverage of the development, endocrinology, neurophysiology, immunity, and metabolism is included, making this important reference a resource that will meet the needs of investigators interested in incorporating sex differences into their research programs, while also providing clinicians with the basis for providing the best sex-based medical treatment options available. Provides a sweeping, organ-by-organ review of currently observed sex differences in animal models and human disease Explains how sex differences influence physiology and disease Provides the critical knowledge on sex differences for better understanding of prevention and treatment of diseases

Hormones and Synapse

Hormones and Synapse
A Book

by Gerald Litwack

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-07-26
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN : 0128220260
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Hormones and Synapse, Volume 114 in the Vitamins and Hormones series, highlights advances in the field, with this new volume presenting timely topics, including how growth hormone promotes synaptogenesis, sex hormones and proteins involved in brain plasticity, corticotropin releasing factor modulates excitatory synaptic transmission, bisphenol a and memory: a role for dendritic spines, brain insulin resistance impairs hippocampal synaptic plasticity, estradiol induces synaptic rearrangements, stress and remodeling of hippocampal spine synapses, neurotrophin-3 modulates synaptic transmission, nongenomic neurosteroid modulation of hippocampal dendritic spines, neural sex steroids and hippocampal synaptic plasticity, origin of chemical synapses, neural sex steroids and hippocampal synaptic plasticity, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Vitamins and Hormones series Includes the latest information on Hormones and Synapse

Sexual Selections

Sexual Selections
What We Can and Can’t Learn about Sex from Animals

by Marlene Zuk

  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release : 2002-06-04
  • Pages : 239
  • ISBN : 9780520240759
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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A provocative tour of recent findings in animal sexuality and evolutionary biology seeks to demonstrate how anthropomorphism and gender politics have affected our knowledge of the natural world and shows how a broader approach, based on feminist biology, can bring about a more rounded understanding.

When The Opposite Sex Isn't

When The Opposite Sex Isn't
Sexual Orientation In Male-to-Female Transgender People

by Sandra L. Samons

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-10-12
  • Pages : 320
  • ISBN : 1136914862
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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When there is uncertainty about the gender identity or social gender role of an individual, determining exactly who the opposite sex is can be a complicated question for both the transgender person and for those who seek to relate to her. Written in both an enlightened and a reader friendly style interspersed with vignettes, When the Opposite Sex Isn’t offers a combination of insights and common sense understanding of the diversity of the human condition together with concepts of gender and sexuality that expand the horizons of any mental health professional, regardless of the clinical focus of his or her work. Samons challenges concepts once taken for granted, thus providing stimulus for creative thinking which many lay readers will also find interesting and entertaining, whether or not they are (thus far) acquainted with a transgender person.

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture
A Book

by Marco Saroglia

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2012-05-25
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 1118350014
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Genomics has revolutionized biological research over the course of the last two decades. Genome maps of key agricultural species have offered increased understanding of the structure, organization, and evolution of animal genomes. Building upon this foundation, researchers are now emphasizing research on genome function. Published with the World Aquaculture Society, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture looks at the advances in this field as they directly relate to key traits and species in aquaculture production. Functional Genomics in Aquaculture opens with two chapters that provide a useful general introduction to the field of functional genomics. The second section of the book focuses on key production traits such as growth, development, reproduction, nutrition, and physiological response to stress and diseases. The final five chapters focus on a variety of key aquaculture species. Examples looking at our understanding of the functional genomes of salmonids, Mediterranean sea bass, Atlantic cod, catfish, shrimp, and molluscs, are included in the book. Providing valuable insights and discoveries into the functional genomes of finfish and shellfish species, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture, will be an invaluable resource to researchers and professionals in aquaculture, genetics, and animal science.