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The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions

The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions
Forensic Science Reform

by Wendy J Koen,C. Michael Bowers

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-06-26
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 0128027029
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wrongful convictions are the result of faulty or false scientific evidence in 50% of the cases. Defense counsel is often at a great disadvantage in defending against evidence based on science. Illusory Evidence: The Psychology and Sociology of Wrongful Convictions is written for the non-scientist, to make complicated scientific information clear and concise enough for attorneys and judges to master. This is obtained by providing case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional. Increases the courts’ knowledge about areas of psychology that have been debunked, have advanced, or have been refined by the scientific community Covers issues in psychological forensics, namely: Profiling, Psychological Defenses, Mitigation, Eyewitness Testimony/Identification, Child Testimony, Repressed Memories, False Confessions and Moral Panic Trains prosecuting attorneys about the present state of the forensic psychology, to avoid relying only on legal precedent and will not present flawed science to the court Provides defense attorneys the knowledge necessary to competently defend where forensic psychology plays a part in a prosecution Arms innocence projects and appellate attorneys with the latest information to challenge convictions Uses case studies to simplify issues in forensic psychology for the legal professional

Psychological Science and the Law

Psychological Science and the Law
A Book

by Neil Brewer,Amy Bradfield Douglass

  • Publisher : Guilford Publications
  • Release : 2019-03-05
  • Pages : 459
  • ISBN : 1462538347
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychological research can provide constructive explanations of key problems in the criminal justice system--and can help generate solutions. This state-of-the-art text dissects the psychological processes associated with fundamental legal questions: Is a suspect lying? Will an incarcerated individual be dangerous in the future? Is an eyewitness accurate? How can false memories be implanted? How do juries, experts, forensic examiners, and judges make decisions, and how can racial and other forms of bias be minimized? Chapters offer up-to-date reviews of relevant theory, experimental methods, and empirical findings. Specific recommendations are made for improving the quality of evidence and preserving the integrity of investigative and legal proceedings.

Understanding Homicide

Understanding Homicide
A Book

by Fiona Brookman

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2021-12-24
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1529765366
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In this engaging and accessible book, Brookman draws upon several decades of her own research on homicide and violence, including ethnographic research on homicide investigation in the UK and USA and interviews with violent offenders, in order to unravel the characteristics and causes of homicide, how police and forensic scientists investigate it and how it can be prevented. Synthesising bespoke new analysis of the Home Office Homicide Index with case studies of homicides and international debate and literature, this comprehensive textbook will be a valuable resource for students studying homicide, violence, its investigation and responses to it, as well as researchers and practitioners interested in homicide and violence.

How the Brain Learns

How the Brain Learns
A Book

by David A. Sousa

  • Publisher : Corwin Press
  • Release : 2022-02-08
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN : 1071855344
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Deliver game-changing—and brain-changing—results for your students Research on the brain continues to evolve, providing fresh insights educators can use to guide students toward success. In the sixth edition of this international bestseller, world-renowned educational neuroscience consultant David Sousa once again translates that research into concrete actions and strategies for the classroom. Featuring important updates and brand-new findings, the latest edition includes: A new section on the expansion of SEL to SECL, integrating the cognitive component of social-emotional learning Additional research on mindsets—including cautions Effective, brain-compatible ways to safely use social media and online learning New information on the importance of student engagement, especially through academic teams Connections between Bloom’s Taxonomy and current instructional strategies, such as teaming and project/maker learning Whether you’re already a fan of brain-compatible learning or just getting started on this exciting approach to teaching and learning, How the Brain Learns will set your neurons firing—and give you the tools you need to help students succeed.

The Irish Attack on Christianity - The Case for the Defence

The Irish Attack on Christianity - The Case for the Defence
A Book

by Eugene Jordan

  • Publisher : Tafannóir Press
  • Release : 2021-03-17
  • Pages : 330
  • ISBN : 1838417206
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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During the biggest scandal ever in Irish history, feminists attacked women, the Irish attacked the Irish, the politicians attacked the electorate, and all sides attacked Christianity. They accused Christian women of killing hundreds of babies and of perpetrating a holocaust. The allegations are not true, but many people believe them despite the overwhelming evidence to the contrary. Why should the Irish nation have behaved in such a way? What purpose was served in falsely scapegoating religious women? Why did they attack their mothers, grandmothers, and all their relations, accusing them of the full gamut of reprehensible behaviour from ignorance to holding ‘a perverse religious morality’. The reality is that these women were like stars in the sky; they deserve to shine. The real story needs to be told. The Commission of Investigation into Mother and Baby Homes has dismissed many of the scandal propagators’ notorious claims but has made several significant errors of their own. However, the Irish media continues cherry-pick from its findings to perpetuate many of their previously created myths. For the first time, this book exposes the 21st century Irish mindset, revealing the whole sordid tale of how the Irish nation came to hate the Irish. Moreover, it provides the scientific, rational and historical evidence needed to defend against its malignancy.

Handbook of Forensic Sociology and Psychology

Handbook of Forensic Sociology and Psychology
A Book

by Stephen J. Morewitz,Mark L. Goldstein

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2013-08-20
  • Pages : 466
  • ISBN : 1461471788
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The role of behavioral and social sciences in the courtroom setting has expanded exponentially in the past few decades. It is now widely recognized that scientists in these areas provide critical contextual information for legal decision making, and that there is a reliable knowledge base for doing so. While there are many handbooks of forensic psychology, this is the first such volume to incorporate sociological findings, broadening the conceptual basis for examining cases in both the civil and criminal realms, including immigration issues, personal injury, child custody, and sexual harassment. This volume will examine the responsibilities of expert witnesses and consultants, and how they may utilize principles, theories and methods from both sociology and psychology. It will show these disciplines together can improve the identification and apprehension of criminals, as well as enhance the administration of justice by clarifying profiles of criminal behavior, particularly in cases of serial killers, death threat makers, stalkers, and kidnappers. The volume is quite comprehensive, covering a range of medical, school, environmental and business settings. Throughout it links basic ideas to real applications and their impact on the justice system.

The Victimology of a Wrongful Conviction

The Victimology of a Wrongful Conviction
Innocent Inmates and Indirect Victims

by Nicky Jackson,Kathryn M. Campbell,Margaret Pate

  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release : 2022-07-07
  • Pages : 180
  • ISBN : 100059596X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book exposes the myriad of victims of wrongful conviction by going beyond the innocent person who has been wrongfully incarcerated to include the numerous indirect victims who suffer collaterally. In no way overlooking the egregious effects on the wrongfully convicted, this book widens the net to also examine consequences for family, friends, co-workers, witnesses, the initial victims of the crime, and society in general—all indirect victims who are often forgotten in treatments of wrongful conviction. Utilizing interviews of exonerees and indirect victims, the authors capture the tangible and intangible costs of victimization across the board. The prison experience is examined through the lens of an innocent person, and the psychological impact of incarceration for the exoneree is explored. Special attention is given to the often-ignored experience of female exonerees and to the impact of race as a compounding factor in a vast number of miscarriages of justice. The book concludes with an overview of the victimization experiences that follow exonerees upon release. Unique to this book is its interdisciplinary approach to the troubling subject of wrongful conviction, combining perspectives from a number of fields, including criminal justice, criminology, victimology, psychology, sociology, social justice, history, political science, and law. Undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines will find this book helpful in their respective areas of study, and professionals in the legal system will benefit from appreciation of the far-reaching costs of wrongful convictions.

The Victimology of a Wrongful Conviction

The Victimology of a Wrongful Conviction
Innocent Inmates and Indirect Victims

by Nicky Jackson,Kathryn M. Campbell,Margaret Pate

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2022-05-24
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9780367637194
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book exposes the myriad of victims of wrongful conviction by going beyond the innocent person who has been wrongfully incarcerated to include the numerous indirect victims who suffer collaterally. In no way overlooking the egregious effects on the wrongfully convicted, this book widens the net to also examine consequences for family, friends, co-workers, witnesses, the initial victims of the crime, and society in general--all indirect victims who are often forgotten in treatments of wrongful conviction. Utilizing interviews of exonerees and indirect victims, the authors capture the tangible and intangible costs of victimization across the board. The prison experience is examined through the lens of an innocent person, and the psychological impact of incarceration for the exoneree is explored. Special attention is given to the often-ignored experience of female exonerees and to the impact of race as a compounding factor in a vast number of miscarriages of justice. The book concludes with an overview of the victimization experiences that follow exonerees upon release. Unique to this book is its interdisciplinary approach to the troubling subject of wrongful conviction, combining perspectives from a number of fields, including criminal justice, criminology, victimology, psychology, sociology, social justice, history, political science, and law. Undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines will find this book helpful in their respective areas of study, and professionals in the legal system will benefit from appreciation of the far-reaching costs of wrongful convictions.

Overturning Wrongful Convictions

Overturning Wrongful Convictions
Science Serving Justice

by Elizabeth A. Murray

  • Publisher : Twenty-First Century Books
  • Release : 2015-03-01
  • Pages : 120
  • ISBN : 1467763071
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Imagine being wrongfully convicted of a crime and spending years behind bars. Since 1989 more than 1,400 Americans who experienced this injustice have been exonerated. Readers will examine real accounts and learn about organizations dedicated to righting these wrongs.

Courts

Courts
A Text/Reader

by Cassia Spohn,Craig Hemmens

  • Publisher : SAGE
  • Release : 2011-11-09
  • Pages : 641
  • ISBN : 1412997186
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Courts: A Text/Reader provides the best of both worlds— authored text sections with carefully selected accompanying readings that illustrate the questions and controversies legal scholars and court researchers are investigating in the 21st century. The articles, from leading journals in criminology and criminal justice, reflect both classic studies of the criminal court system and state-of-the-art research, and often have a policy perspective that makes them more applied, less theoretical, and more interesting to both undergraduate and graduate students.

Wrongful Convictions and the DNA Revolution

Wrongful Convictions and the DNA Revolution
A Book

by Daniel S. Medwed

  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release : 2017-03-30
  • Pages : 419
  • ISBN : 1107129966
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book examines the lessons learned from twenty-five years of using DNA to free innocent prisoners and identifies lingering challenges.

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform

Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform
Making Justice

by Marvin Zalman,Julia Carrano

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-10-30
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN : 1135077444
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is an important addition to the literature and teaching on innocence reform. This book delves into wrongful convictions studies but expands upon them by offering potential reforms that would alleviate the problem of wrongful convictions in the criminal justice system. Written to be accessible to students, Wrongful Conviction and Criminal Justice Reform is a main text for wrongful convictions courses or a secondary text for more general courses in criminal justice, political science, and law school innocence clinics.

Convictions Without Truth

Convictions Without Truth
The Incompatibility of Science and Law

by Robert Schehr

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2022-05-02
  • Pages : 104
  • ISBN : 1000618242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Convictions Without Truth sets out to determine whether and to what extent science and law may coexist in an institutional relationship that truthfully generates individualization through application of forensic testimony for charges relating to violations of criminal law. In the first two chapters, readers are exposed to contemporary unscientific forensic practices as juxtaposed to the evidentiary standard announced by the United States Supreme Court in Daubert v. Merrill Dow Pharmaceuticals, as well as scientific requirements for validity and reliability of expert witness testimony. The remaining chapters provide an explanation for retention of existing, though faulty, forensic practices by way of analysis of path dependency, the fixation of belief, and neuro and cognitive psychology. Through immanent critique and unmasking, the book deconstructs prevailing forensic practices through application of existing published documentation. The final chapter addresses the fixation of belief from the perspective of neuropsychology and cognitive psychology. Readers will gain an understanding of the current concerns relating to application of contemporary forensic practices ; current case law and federal rules guiding the introduction of expert witness testimony; and why it is that despite widely recognized concerns raised from within and outside of the criminal legal system, application of unscientific forensic practices continues., The book also shows how the criminal legal system is experiencing a paradigm shift due to dialectical juxtaposition of existing unscientific forensic practices with contemporary science. Readers are shown that because of its continued reliance upon unscientific forensic practices, the criminal legal system reveals its hegemonic commitment to social control through its willingness to accept "satisfying" as opposed to "truthful" results that generate wrongful convictions. Convictions Without Truth will be of particular interest to students, academics, and practitioners working within the criminal legal field. It will also appeal to those wanting to know more about forensics and criminal law.

Wrongful Conviction

Wrongful Conviction
International Perspectives on Miscarriages of Justice

by C. Ronald Huff,Martin Killias

  • Publisher : Temple University Press
  • Release : 2010-01-28
  • Pages : 326
  • ISBN : 159213646X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Imperfections in the criminal justice system have long intrigued the general public and worried scholars and legal practitioners. In Wrongful Conviction, criminologists C. Ronald Huff and Martin Killias present an important collection of essays that analyzes cases of injustice across an array of legal systems, with contributors from North America, Europe and Israel. This collection includes a number of well-developed public-policy recommendations intended to reduce the instances of courts punishing innocents. It also offers suggestions for compensating more fairly those who are wrongfully convicted.

Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice

Wrongful Convictions and Miscarriages of Justice
Causes and Remedies in North American and European Criminal Justice Systems

by C. Ronald Huff,Martin Killias

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN : 0415539935
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This innovative work builds on Huff and Killiase(tm) earlier publication (2008), but is broader and more thoroughly comparative in a number of important ways:ee (1) while focusing heavily on wrongful convictions, it places the subject of wrongful convictions in the broader contextual framework of miscarriages of justice and provides discussions of different types of miscarriages of justice that have not previously received much scholarly attention by criminologists; (2) it addresses, in much greater detail, the questions of how, and how often, wrongful convictions occur; (3) it provides more in-depth consideration of the role of forensic science in helping produce wrongful convictions and in helping free those who have been wrongfully convicted; (4) it offers new insights into the origins and current progress of the innocence movement, as well as the challenges that await the exonerated when they return to "free" society; (5) it assesses the impact of the use of alternatives to trials (especially plea bargains in the U.S. and summary proceedings and penal orders in Europe) in producing wrongful convictions; (6) it considers how the U.S. and Canada have responded to 9/11 and the increased threat of terrorism by enacting legislation and adopting policies that may exacerbate the problem of wrongful conviction; and (7) it provides in-depth considerations of two topics related to wrongful conviction:ee voluntary false confessions and convictions which, although technically not wrongful since they are based on law violations, represent another type of miscarriage of justice since they are due solely to unjust laws resulting from political repression.ee

Experiencing Imprisonment

Experiencing Imprisonment
Research on the experience of living and working in carceral institutions

by Carla Reeves

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2016-01-08
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 1317653491
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The growing body of work on imprisonment, desistance and rehabilitation has mainly focused on policies and treatment programmes and how they are delivered. Experiencing Imprisonment reflects recent developments in research that focus on the active role of the offender in the process of justice. Bringing together experts from around the world and presenting a range of comparative critical research relating to key themes of the pains of imprisonment, stigma, power and vulnerability, this book explores the various ways in which offenders relate to the justice systems and how these relationships impact the nature and effectiveness of their efforts to reduce offending. Experiencing Imprisonment showcases cutting-edge international and comparative critical research on how imprisonment is experienced by those people living and working within imprisonment institutions in North America and Northern, Central and Eastern Europe, as well as Scandinavia. The research explores the subjective experience of imprisonment from the perspective of a variety of staff and prisoner groups, including juveniles, adult female and male prisoners, older prisoners, sex offenders, wrongfully convicted offenders and newly released prisoners. Offering a unique view of what it is like to be a prisoner or a prison officer, the chapters in this book argue for a prioritisation of understanding the subjective experiences of imprisonment as essential to developing effective and humane systems of punishment. This is essential reading for academics and students involved in the study of criminology, penology and the sociology of imprisonment. It will also be of interest to Criminal Justice practitioners and policymakers around the globe.

Companion Encyclopedia of Psychology

Companion Encyclopedia of Psychology
Volume Two

by Andrew M. Colman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2019-04-08
  • Pages : 688
  • ISBN : 1134886225
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Psychology plays an increasingly important role in today's society. Its influence can be seen all around us - be it in the home, the workplace, the school or our private lives. A uniquely diverse discipline, it ranges from social psychology to biological aspects of behaviour, and from basic research to the applied professions. This Companion Encyclopedia covers all these main branches of psychological research and professional practice. The thematic arrangement is the result of the Editor's extensive research into syllabi, from which he distilled the 13 most frequently taught units. Students can consult and be referred to sections relating to their lecture programme, and can find lucid definitions of frequently used terms in the Glossary. Headings and sub-headings are clearly highlighted at the beginning of each chapter - ideal for quick reference. * Provides authoritative and in-depth reference material on all major branches of psychological research and professional practice * Contributors include many of the world's most eminent psychologists * Written in a lively style without assuming previous knowledge of the subject * Structured according to the core topics appearing most often as discrete modules in contemporary psychology courses * Detailed bibliographies, further reading sections, exhaustive index and glossary of technical terms * Containing 165 supporting illustrations

Practicing Forensic Criminology

Practicing Forensic Criminology
A Book

by Kevin Fox Gotham,Daniel Bruce Kennedy

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-05-29
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0128155965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Practicing Forensic Criminology draws on examples from actual court cases and expert witness reports and testimony to demonstrate the merits and uses of substantive criminological knowledge in the applied setting of civil law and the courts. Throughout the book, the authors provide a highly readable, informative discussion of how forensic criminologists can apply their research and teaching skills to assist judges and juries in rendering legal decisions. Engaging and lively, the chapters include excerpts from forensic criminological investigations, in-depth discussions of the methodological and analytical bases of these investigations, and important lessons learned from real litigation cases. Case examples are drawn from the forensic realms of premises liability, administrative negligence, workplace violence, wrongful conviction litigation, and litigation involving police departments and corrections facilities. Well referenced and thoroughly researched, Practicing Forensic Criminology serves as an introduction to the vast and heterogeneous field of forensic social science that is rapidly changing and expanding. This unique and original book guides readers through the research work of expert witnesses working as consultants, researchers, and crime analysts and investigators. Offering expert criminological insights into litigation cases, the chapters reveal how forensic social science research can be an effective mechanism for reaching beyond the academy to influence public policy reform and legal proceedings. Practicing Forensic Criminology will appeal to a diverse audience, including social scientists, criminal justice students and researchers, expert witnesses, attorneys, judges, and students of judicial proceedings seeking to understand the value and impact of criminology in the civil court system. Introduces readers to the impact of evidence-based criminological theory and forensic social science investigations in the legal system Demonstrates the usefulness of forensic criminology as a research tool, revealing novel relational dynamics among crime events and the larger socio-spatial context Advances the development of a "translational criminology" – i.e., the translation of knowledge from criminological theory and research to forensic practice – as an expedient to forming robust interactive relationships among criminological social scientists and policy makers

Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials

Sociology in Our Times: The Essentials
A Book

by Diana Kendall

  • Publisher : Cengage Learning
  • Release : 2015-01-01
  • Pages : 608
  • ISBN : 1305537335
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Current and relevant to today's students, SOCIOLOGY IN OUR TIMES: THE ESSENTIALS, 10th Edition presents the latest available data and new insights on behaviors, issues, and trends in our nation and world from a sociological perspective. The new edition of this bestselling text emphasizes the theme of social change and the ways in which media-particularly social media-and other forms of technology inevitably bring about new ways of living, interacting with others, or doing certain activities or task. New sections on social change have been added throughout the book, and the theme also appears in the “Sociology Works!” and “Media” features. “Sociology and Social Policy” boxes return to this edition, examining issues such as gun control, prevention of military suicides, and whether employers should be allowed to “spy” on their employees. First-person accounts of individuals' lived experiences draw students into the chapter content by illuminating topics that reflect the text's primary themes of diversity, the application of sociology to everyday life, global comparisons, media, and social change. New timely topics include environmental activism, immigration, bullying and social media, and same-sex marriage. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime

Social Psychology of Punishment of Crime
A Book

by Margit E. Oswald,Steffen Bieneck,Jorg Hupfeld-Heinemann

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2015-06-15
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN : 1119161193
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In recent years, research interest has increased both in the needs of punishment by the public and in the psychological processes underlying decisions on sentencing. This comprehensive look at the social psychology of punishment focuses on recent advances, and presents new findings based on the authors’ own empirical research. Chapters explore the application of social psychology and social cognitive theories to decision making in the context of punishments by judges and the punitiveness of laymen. The book also highlights the different legal systems in the UK, US and Europe, discussing how attitudes to punishment can change in the context of cultural and social development.