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The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction
Capacity Planning for Feasible Resilience and Risk Management

by Makarand Hastak

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2022-02-15
  • Pages : 375
  • ISBN : 9780128146989
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction offers a comprehensive disaster-planning framework for the seven infrastructure layers: civil, civic, social, environmental, financial, educational, and cyber infrastructure. This framework includes three steps: 1) disaster impact assessment; 2) infrastructure development strategy (i.e., preparation strategy); and 3) capacity building strategy (i.e., mitigation strategy). With this framework, decision makers can identify vulnerable infrastructure and then make viable investment plans for reinforcing them by designing a well-balanced preparation and mitigation strategy that would build appropriate capacities for achieving the desired resilience. The resilience of communities or industries to disasters depends on the functioning of critical infrastructure. The Role of Infrastructure in Disaster Risk Reduction will be useful for all entities involved in dealing with the aftermath of natural disasters including disaster professionals, first responders, city planners, architects and engineers, educators, and students and researchers working on understanding the need for disaster risk reduction and developing innovative solutions for better decision-making. Describes the role of infrastructure in disaster risk reduction and management as well as capacity building Provides readers with the tools needed to evaluate the criticality, vulnerability, and severity of impact, as well as the need for evaluating and building the necessary capacities for achieving desired resilience Illustrates the important role of disaster risk reduction through case studies

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment
A Book

by Lee Bosher,Ksenia Chmutina

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1118921496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Between 2010 and 2015 the world experienced 530 disaster events that affected 140 million people, killed 78,000people and caused US$151bn in damages, figures that are testament to the significant and increasingly negative impactsthat disasters have globally. Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive or context blind solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts.

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood
Investing in Resilience and Development

by Ian Davis,Kae Yanagisawa,Kristalina Georgieva

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-05-22
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 1317578538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The prevalence of natural disasters in recent years has highlighted the importance of preparing adequately for disasters and dealing efficiently with their consequences. This book addresses how countries can enhance their resilience against natural disasters and move towards economic growth and sustainable development. Covering a wide range of issues, it shows how well thought-out measures can be applied to minimize the impacts of disasters in a variety of situations. Starting with the need for coping with a rapidly changing global environment, the book goes on to demonstrate ways to strengthen awareness of the effectiveness of preventive measures, including in the reconstruction phase. The book also covers the roles played by different actors as well as tools and technologies for improved disaster risk reduction. It focuses on a variety of case studies from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, drawing out lessons that can be applied internationally. This book will be of great interest to professionals in disaster management, including national governments, donors, communities/citizens, NGOs and private sector. It will also be a highly valuable resource for students and researchers in disaster management and policy, development studies and economics.

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems
Computational Modeling and Geospatial Technologies

by Waheed Uddin

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-07-09
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9781498754736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book outlines the geospatial technologies and analytical tools needed for safeguarding built infrastructure assets from natural disasters, and preparing for disaster resilience and risk reduction. It takes a whole life approach to infrastructure destruction and the related cost of natural disaster. It reviews weather related natural disasters exacerbated by climate change, deforestation, agricultural loss and public health risk, and commercial loss, and discusses the significance of infrastructure and urban growth on disaster risk. Topics include infrastructure resilience management, critical lifeline infrastructure performance, and recovery and mitigation. Several real world examples are presented. Throughout it applies the tools of computational modeling, remote sensing, risk mapping, and other spatial technologies.

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction
A Book

by Fabrice G. Renaud,Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Marisol Estrella

  • Publisher : United Nations University Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9280812211
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow, however, despite some success stories. There are multiple reasons for this reluctance: ecosystem management is rarely considered as part of the portfolio of DRR solutions because the environmental and disaster management communities typically work independently from each other; its contribution to DRR is highly undervalued compared to engineered solutions and therefore not given appropriate budget allocations; and there are poor interactions between policymakers and researchers, leading to unclear and sometimes contradictory scientific information on the role of ecosystems for DRR. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of knowledge and practice in this multidisciplinary field of ecosystems management and DRR. The contributors, professionals from the science and disaster management communities around the world, represent state-of-the-art knowledge, practices, and perspectives on the topic.

Influence of Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction Within Post-disaster Infrastructure Reconstruction on Socio-economic Development

Influence of Integrating Disaster Risk Reduction Within Post-disaster Infrastructure Reconstruction on Socio-economic Development
A Book

by Roshani Sandika Pallyyaguru

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Media and Disaster Risk Reduction

Media and Disaster Risk Reduction
Advances, Challenges and Potentials

by Rajib Shaw,Suvendrini Kakuchi,Miki Yamaji

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021-03-16
  • Pages : 249
  • ISBN : 9811602859
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book analyzes recent advances, trends, challenges and potentials of the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Collaboration, co-design and co-delivery with other stakeholders in science technology, private sectors, and civil society are found to be effective in reaching people and communities. The media is considered to be of utmost importance in all phases of disasters, before, during and after, with different types of media having different proactive roles to play in disaster risk reduction. Before disasters, they play essential roles not only in bringing early warning to people but also in enhancing their perception of the need to take action. At during- and post-disaster response recovery phases, community radio and social media are the key. These necessitate a resilient media infrastructure as the core of uninterrupted coverage. Media literacy has become an important issue for several stakeholders, including governments. In addition, more focus is placed on media governance to look at the priorities of disaster risk reduction initiatives within the media. All of these are considered to lead to trust in the media, which further improves people’s disaster response actions based on information from the media, before and during disasters. Covering different aspects of media, this book is a valuable source for students, researchers, academics, policy-makers and development practitioners.

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation
Introduction to learning facilites assessment and to the VISUS methodology

by Torres, Jair,Anglès, Lucille,Grimaz, Stefano,Malisan, Petra

  • Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-17
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9231003445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management

The Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management
A Strategy for Global Resilience

by S. Hollis

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-01-20
  • Pages : 242
  • ISBN : 1137439300
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The use of regional organizations to mitigate and respond to disasters has become a global trend. This book examines the role regional organizations play in managing disaster risk through a comparative study of ten regional organizations, demonstrating their current limitations and future potential.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia
Potentials and Challenges

by Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-13
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0128127120
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of International Environmental Law in Disaster Risk Reduction
A Book

by Jacqueline Peel,David Fisher

  • Publisher : BRILL
  • Release : 2016-04-21
  • Pages : 502
  • ISBN : 900431881X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Located at the intersection of international environmental and disaster law, this edited volume explores how environmental law approaches might be employed to reduce disaster risk, and how evolving policy tools for natural disasters influence environmental regimes focused on manmade risks.

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Boosting Disaster Prevention through Innovative Risk Governance Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland
Insights from Austria, France and Switzerland

by OECD

  • Publisher : OECD Publishing
  • Release : 2017-12-19
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN : 9264281371
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 2014, the OECD took stock of OECD countries' achievements in building resilience to major natural and man-made disasters. Based on its findings, a cross-country comparative study was undertaken in Austria, France and Switzerland; this report presents the findings from individual and comparative

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management
A Book

by Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2017-07-25
  • Pages : 956
  • ISBN : 9813207965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
A Book

by Ben Wisner,J.C. Gaillard,Ilan Kelman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-03-29
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN : 1136918698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools. Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors. The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.

Governance challenges for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation convergence in agriculture - Guidance for analysis

Governance challenges for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation convergence in agriculture - Guidance for analysis
Governance and policy support - Discussion paper

by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
  • Release : 2019-07-19
  • Pages : 68
  • ISBN : 925131649X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This discussion paper aims to help practitioners work in a more informed and politically sensitive way to integrate actions on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA) in agriculture. It illustrates some typical governance and political economy-related barriers that may hamper convergence or integration of DRR and CCA actions. It also provides guidance for in-depth governance analysis, putting the analytical focus at national and subnational levels, while considering the international context as an important factor for convergence. The FAO Governance and Policy Support Discussion Paper series provides perspectives and concepts on critical governance and policy issues that are relevant to FAO work at country, regional and global levels. Discussion Papers are often based on work in progress, and we welcome suggestions and ideas by email at: governance-support@fao.org. The series is available at: http://www.fao.org/policy-support/resources/

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA

DISASTER RISK REDUCTION IN SOUTH ASIA
A Book

by PARDEEP SAHNI,MADHAVI MALALGODA ARIYABANDU

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2003-01-01
  • Pages : 388
  • ISBN : 8120322002
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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South Asia represents a region highly prone to natural disasters. Disasters not only disrupt the normal life of the affected communities and the countries but also impede developmental efforts. By and large, the approach of the major stakeholders has been 'reactive' rather than 'proactive'. There is indeed, a dire need for concerted and well-planned efforts to achieve risk reduction through risk identification, and sharing and transfer of information. This edited volume explores how the risk of disasters can be reduced by structural and non-structural measures with detailed, comprehensive and participatory strategies. Twenty-seven contributors, both academicians and practitioners, investigate the challenges that the region faces and how changes can be effected at the community, society, government and non-government levels to foster a culture of preparedness. The overall focus is on risk reduction through prevention, preparedness, mitigation, response, recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Some case studies from different settings dealing with various disasters have also been included. Since disaster risk reduction is an area of great concern and there is absolute dearth of literature addressing this issue with regard to South Asia, this volume will be of immense utility and interest to government departments, NGOs, insurance companies, universities, training institutions, professional associates, media, general public, and students pursuing courses in disaster management.

Resolutions and recommendations: World Conservation Congress, Jeju, Republic of Korea, 6-15 September 2012

Resolutions and recommendations: World Conservation Congress, Jeju, Republic of Korea, 6-15 September 2012
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : IUCN
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 2831715768
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Ecosystems and Societies

Nature-based Solutions for Resilient Ecosystems and Societies
A Book

by Shalini Dhyani,Anil Kumar Gupta,Madhav Karki

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-07-07
  • Pages : 455
  • ISBN : 9811547122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Over the past few decades, the frequency and severity of natural and human-induced disasters have increased across Asia. These disasters lead to substantial loss of life, livelihoods and community assets, which not only threatens the pace of socio-economic development, but also undo hard-earned gains. Extreme events and disasters such as floods, droughts, heat, fire, cyclones and tidal surges are known to be exacerbated by environmental changes including climate change, land-use changes and natural resource degradation. Increasing climate variability and multi-dimensional vulnerabilities have severely affected the social, ecological and economic capacities of the people in the region who are, economically speaking, those with the least capacity to adapt. Climatic and other environmental hazards and anthropogenic risks, coupled with weak and wavering capacities, severely impact the ecosystems and Nature’s Contributions to People (NCP) and, thereby, to human well-being. Long-term resilience building through disaster risk reduction and integrated adaptive climate planning, therefore, has become a key priority for scientists and policymakers alike. Nature-based Solutions (NbS) is a cost-effective approach that utilizes ecosystem and biodiversity services for disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, while also providing a range of co-benefits like sustainable livelihoods and food, water and energy security. This book discusses the concept of Nature-based Solutions (NbS) – both as a science and as art – and elaborates on how it can be applied to develop healthy and resilient ecosystems locally, nationally, regionally and globally. The book covers illustrative methods and tools adopted for applying NbS in different countries. The authors discuss NbS applications and challenges, research trends and future insights that have wider regional and global relevance. The aspects covered include: landscape restoration, ecosystem-based adaptation, ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction, ecological restoration, ecosystem-based protected areas management, green infrastructure development, nature-friendly infrastructure development in various ecosystem types, agro-climatic zones and watersheds. The book offers insights into understanding the sustainable development goals (SDGs) at the grass roots level and can help indigenous and local communities harness ecosystem services to help achieve them. It offers a unique, essential resource for researchers, students, corporations, administrators and policymakers working in the fields of the environment, geography, development, policy planning, the natural sciences, life sciences, agriculture, health, climate change and disaster studies.

Resilient Structures and Infrastructure

Resilient Structures and Infrastructure
A Book

by Ehsan Noroozinejad Farsangi,Izuru Takewaki,Tony Y. Yang,Abolhassan Astaneh-Asl,Paolo Gardoni

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-05-03
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 9811374465
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book discusses resilience in terms of structures’ and infrastructures’ responses to extreme loading conditions. These include static and dynamic loads such as those generated by blasts, terrorist attacks, seismic events, impact loadings, progressive collapse, floods and wind. In the last decade, the concept of resilience and resilient-based structures has increasingly gained in interest among engineers and scientists. Resilience describes a given structure’s ability to withstand sudden shocks. In other words, it can be measured by the magnitude of shock that a system can tolerate. This book offers a valuable resource for the development of new engineering practices, codes and regulations, public policy, and investigation reports on resilience, and provides broad and integrated coverage of the effects of dynamic loadings, and of the modeling techniques used to compute the structural response to these loadings.

Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction

Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction
Issues and Challenges

by Rajib Shaw,Juan Pulhin,Joy Pereira

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2010-12-16
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN : 0857244884
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first academic publication to highlight the linkages between Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Key issues and challenges related to CCA-DRR synergy and interactions are highlighted throughout, mostly drawing lessons and experiences from the field practices and greatly increasing current awareness.