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Optimizing Community Infrastructure

Optimizing Community Infrastructure
Resilience in the Face of Shocks and Stresses

by Ryan Colker

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-10
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN : 0128162406
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Optimizing Community Infrastructure: Resilience in the Face of Shocks and Stresses examines the resilience measures being deployed within individual disciplines and sectors and how multi-stakeholder efforts can catalyze action to address global challenges in preparedness and disaster and hazard mitigation. The book provides a theoretical framework to advance thinking on creating resilient, inclusive, sustainable and safe communities. Users will find an accurate and up-to-date guide for working on the development, implementation, monitoring and assessment of policies, programs and projects related to community resilience. Provides updated information on resilience, especially on infrastructure, finance, land use, standards and policies Includes case studies that illustrate how communities have increased their resilience to natural and other disasters Analyzes the institutional, political, social and economic dimensions of resilience at the community level Illustrates the interdependencies and interconnectedness of infrastructure systems and how community resilience relies on a holistic approach Examines responses to emerging risks associated with climate change

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction

The Role of Ecosystems in Disaster Risk Reduction
A Book

by Fabrice G. Renaud,Karen Sudmeier-Rieux,Marisol Estrella

  • Publisher : United Nations University Press
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 486
  • ISBN : 9280812211
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The uptake of ecosystem-based approaches for disaster risk reduction (DRR) is slow, however, despite some success stories. There are multiple reasons for this reluctance: ecosystem management is rarely considered as part of the portfolio of DRR solutions because the environmental and disaster management communities typically work independently from each other; its contribution to DRR is highly undervalued compared to engineered solutions and therefore not given appropriate budget allocations; and there are poor interactions between policymakers and researchers, leading to unclear and sometimes contradictory scientific information on the role of ecosystems for DRR. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of knowledge and practice in this multidisciplinary field of ecosystems management and DRR. The contributors, professionals from the science and disaster management communities around the world, represent state-of-the-art knowledge, practices, and perspectives on the topic.

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation

UNESCO Guidelines for Assessing Learning Facilities in the Context of Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation
Introduction to learning facilites assessment and to the VISUS methodology

by Torres, Jair,Anglès, Lucille,Grimaz, Stefano,Malisan, Petra

  • Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
  • Release : 2019-10-17
  • Pages : 42
  • ISBN : 9231003445
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management

Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management
A Book

by Christian N Madu,Chu-Hua Kuei

  • Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
  • Release : 2017-07-25
  • Pages : 956
  • ISBN : 9813207965
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Climate change is increasingly of great concern to the world community. The earth has witnessed the buildup of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the atmosphere, changes in biodiversity, and more occurrences of natural disasters. Recently, scientists have begun to shift their emphasis away from curbing carbon dioxide emission to adapting to carbon dioxide emission. The increase in natural disasters around the world is unprecedented in earth's history and these disasters are often associated to climate changes. Many nations along the coastal lines are threatened by massive floods and tsunamis. Earthquakes are increasing in intensity and erosion and droughts are problems in many parts of the developing countries. This book is therefore to investigate ways to prepare and effectively manage these disasters and possibly reduce their impacts. The focus is on mitigation strategies and policies that will help to reduce the impacts of natural disasters. The book takes an in-depth look at climate change and its association to socio-economic development and cultures especially in vulnerable communities; and investigates how communities can develop resilience to disasters. A balanced and a multiple perspective approach to manage the risks associated with natural disasters is offered by engaging authors from the entire globe to proffer solutions.

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment

Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment
A Book

by Lee Bosher,Ksenia Chmutina

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2017-06-12
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1118921496
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Between 2010 and 2015 the world experienced 530 disaster events that affected 140 million people, killed 78,000people and caused US$151bn in damages, figures that are testament to the significant and increasingly negative impactsthat disasters have globally. Disaster Risk Reduction for the Built Environment provides a multi-facetted introduction to how a wide range of risk reduction options can be mainstreamed into formal and informal construction decision making processes, so that Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) can become part of the 'developmental DNA'. The contents highlight the positive roles that practitioners such as civil and structural engineers, urban planners and designers, and architects can undertake to ensure that disaster risk is addressed when (re)developing the built environment. The book does not set out prescriptive or context blind solutions to complex problems because such solutions can invariably generate new problems. Instead it raises awareness, and in doing so, inspires a broad range of people to consider DRR in their work or everyday practices. This highly-illustrated text book provides a broad range of examples, case studies and thinking points that help the reader to consider how DRR approaches might be adapted for differing contexts.

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood

Disaster Risk Reduction for Economic Growth and Livelihood
Investing in Resilience and Development

by Ian Davis,Kae Yanagisawa,Kristalina Georgieva

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2015-05-22
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 1317578546
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The prevalence of natural disasters in recent years has highlighted the importance of preparing adequately for disasters and dealing efficiently with their consequences. This book addresses how countries can enhance their resilience against natural disasters and move towards economic growth and sustainable development. Covering a wide range of issues, it shows how well thought-out measures can be applied to minimize the impacts of disasters in a variety of situations. Starting with the need for coping with a rapidly changing global environment, the book goes on to demonstrate ways to strengthen awareness of the effectiveness of preventive measures, including in the reconstruction phase. The book also covers the roles played by different actors as well as tools and technologies for improved disaster risk reduction. It focuses on a variety of case studies from across Asia, Africa and Latin America, drawing out lessons that can be applied internationally. This book will be of great interest to professionals in disaster management, including national governments, donors, communities/citizens, NGOs and private sector. It will also be a highly valuable resource for students and researchers in disaster management and policy, development studies and economics.

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management

Handbook of Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
A Book

by Ben Wisner,J.C. Gaillard,Ilan Kelman

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-03-29
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN : 1136918698
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Handbook provides a comprehensive statement and reference point for hazard and disaster research, policy making, and practice in an international and multi-disciplinary context. It offers critical reviews and appraisals of current state of the art and future development of conceptual, theoretical and practical approaches as well as empirical knowledge and available tools. Organized into five inter-related sections, this Handbook contains sixty-five contributions from leading scholars. Section one situates hazards and disasters in their broad political, cultural, economic, and environmental context. Section two contains treatments of potentially damaging natural events/phenomena organized by major earth system. Section three critically reviews progress in responding to disasters including warning, relief and recovery. Section four addresses mitigation of potential loss and prevention of disasters under two sub-headings: governance, advocacy and self-help, and communication and participation. Section five ends with a concluding chapter by the editors. The engaging international contributions reflect upon the politics and policy of how we think about and practice applied hazard research and disaster risk reduction. This Handbook provides a wealth of interdisciplinary information and will appeal to students and practitioners interested in Geography, Environment Studies and Development Studies.

Energy Justice and Energy Law

Energy Justice and Energy Law
A Book

by Iñigo del Guayo,Lee Godden,Donald D. Zillman,José Juan González

  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release : 2020-04-26
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN : 0198860757
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Energy justice has emerged over the last decade as a matter of vital concern in energy law, which can be seen in the attention directed to energy poverty, and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. There are energy justice concerns in areas of law as diverse as human rights, consumer protection, international law and trade, and in many forms of regional and national energy law and regulation. This edited collection explores in detail at four kinds of energy justice. The first, distributive justice, relates to the equitable distribution of the benefits and burdens of energy activities, which is challenged by the existence of people suffering from energy poverty. Secondly, procedural (or participation) justice consists of the right of all communities to participate in decision-making regarding energy projects and policies that affect them. This dimension of energy justice often includes procedural rights to information and access to courts. Under the concept of reparation (or restorative) justice, the book looks at even-handed enforcement of energy statutes and regulations, as well as access to remedies when legal rights are violated. Finally, the collection addresses social justice, with the recognition that energy injustice cannot be separated from other social ills, such as poverty and subordination based on race, gender, or indigeneity. These issues feed into a wider conversation about how we achieve a 'just' energy transition, as the world confronts the urgent challenges of climate change.

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia

Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia
Potentials and Challenges

by Rajib Shaw,Koichi Shiwaku,Takako Izumi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2017-10-13
  • Pages : 524
  • ISBN : 0128127120
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia: Potentials and Challenges provides both a local and global perspective on how to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Topics demonstrate the advancement of scientific research as it applies to early warning systems, including identifying risk and the strengthening of infrastructure for different types of hazards. Through different major disasters, it has become evident that there must be a balance between hard and soft technology and physical, process and social solutions. This book demonstrates how this has been successfully implemented in Asia, and how these applications can apply on a global basis. Covers new research on the role of science in Disaster Risk Reduction and lessons learned when research has been applied Utilizes case studies to outline the broader lessons learned Focuses on the Sendai Framework, which was adopted in the Third UN World Conference in 2015

Building safer cities

Building safer cities
the future of disaster risk

by Alcira Kreimer,Margaret Arnold,Anne Carlin

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN : 9780821354971
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Risk Management Systems Analysis

Disaster Risk Management Systems Analysis
A Guide Book

by Stephan Baas

  • Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
  • Release : 2008
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disaster Risk Management (DRM) combines, through a management perspective, the concept of prevention, mitigation and preparedness with response to the rising frequency and severity of natural hazards and disasters. This guide provides a set of tools thathave been developed and tested in field projects, with particular reference to disaster-prone areas and vulnerable sectors and population groups.--Publisher's description.

Disaster Management

Disaster Management
International Lessons in Risk Reduction, Response and Recovery

by Alejandro López-Carresi,Maureen Fordham,Ben Wisner,Ilan Kelman,Jc Gaillard

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2013-11-12
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN : 1136179771
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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There is a perennial gap between theory and practice, between academia and active professionals in the field of disaster management. This gap means that valuable lessons are not learned and people die or suffer as a result. This book opens a dialogue between theory and practice. It offers vital lessons to practitioners from scholarship on natural hazards, disaster risk management and reduction and developments studies, opening up new insights in accessible language with practical applications. It also offers to academics the insights of the enormous experience practitioners have accumulated, highlighting gaps in research and challenging assumptions and theories against the reality of experience. Disaster Management covers issues in all phases of the disaster cycle: preparedness, prevention, response and recovery. It also addresses cross-cutting issues including political, economic and social factors that influence differential vulnerability, and key areas of practice such as vulnerability mapping, early warning, infrastructure protection, emergency management, reconstruction, health care and education, and gender issues. The team of international authors combine their years of experience in research and the field to offer vital lessons for practitioners, academics and students alike.

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security

Urban Disaster Resilience and Security
Addressing Risks in Societies

by Alexander Fekete,Frank Fiedrich

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-04
  • Pages : 518
  • ISBN : 3319686062
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book investigates the interrelations of disaster impacts, resilience and security in an urban context. Urban as a term captures megacities, cities, and generally, human settlements, that are characterised by concentration of quantifiable and non-quantifiable subjects, objects and value attributions to them. The scope is to narrow down resilience from an all-encompassing concept to applied ways of scientifically attempting to ‚measure’ this type of disaster related resilience. 28 chapters in this book reflect opportunities and doubts of the disaster risk science community regarding this ‚measurability’. Therefore, examples utilising both quantitative and qualitative approaches are juxtaposed. This book concentrates on features that are distinct characteristics of resilience, how they can be measured and in what sense they are different to vulnerability and risk parameters. Case studies in 11 countries either use a hypothetical pre-event estimation of resilience or are addressing a ‘revealed resilience’ evident and documented after an event. Such information can be helpful to identify benchmarks or margins of impact magnitudes and related recovery times, volumes and qualities of affected populations and infrastructure.

Enhancing Regional Cooperation in Infrastructure Development Including that Related to Disaster Management

Enhancing Regional Cooperation in Infrastructure Development Including that Related to Disaster Management
A Book

by Hiren Sarkar,United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

  • Publisher : United Nations Publications
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 183
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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2011 Updated Reprint. Updated Annually. Estonia Air Force Handbook

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction

Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction
First IFIP TC 5 DCITDRR International Conference, ITDRR 2016, Sofia, Bulgaria, November 16–18, 2016, Revised Selected Papers

by Yuko Murayama,Dimiter Velev,Plamena Zlateva,Jose J. Gonzalez

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2017-12-23
  • Pages : 268
  • ISBN : 3319684868
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First IFIP TC 5 DCDRR International Conference on Information Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction, ITDRR 2016, held in Sofia, Bulgaria, in November 2016. The 20 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 52 submissions. The papers focus on various aspects and challenges of coping with disaster risk reduction. The main topics include areas such as big data, cloud computing, the Internet of Things, natural disasters, mobile computing, emergency management, disaster information processing, disaster risk assessment and management, and disaster management simulation.

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems

Disaster Resilience Management of Infrastructure Systems
Computational Modeling and Geospatial Technologies

by Waheed Uddin

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2021-07-09
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 9781498754736
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book outlines the geospatial technologies and analytical tools needed for safeguarding built infrastructure assets from natural disasters, and preparing for disaster resilience and risk reduction. It takes a whole life approach to infrastructure destruction and the related cost of natural disaster. It reviews weather related natural disasters exacerbated by climate change, deforestation, agricultural loss and public health risk, and commercial loss, and discusses the significance of infrastructure and urban growth on disaster risk. Topics include infrastructure resilience management, critical lifeline infrastructure performance, and recovery and mitigation. Several real world examples are presented. Throughout it applies the tools of computational modeling, remote sensing, risk mapping, and other spatial technologies.

Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh

Options for Flood Risk and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh
A Book

by Kamal Siddiqui,A. N. H. Akhtar Hossain

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 533
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Papers presented at the National Workshop on "Options for Flood Risks and Damage Reduction in Bangladesh", held at Bangladesh-China Friendship Centre in Dhaka, in 2004.

Disasters, Preparedness and Mitigation in the Americas

Disasters, Preparedness and Mitigation in the Americas
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies

Managing Disaster Risk in Emerging Economies
A Book

by Alcira Kreimer,Margaret Arnold

  • Publisher : World Bank Publications
  • Release : 2000-01-01
  • Pages : 193
  • ISBN : 9780821347263
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In 1999 natural catastrophes and man-made disasters claimed more than 105,000 lives, 95 percent of them in the developing world, and caused economic losses of around US$100 billion. In 1998 the twin disasters of the Yangtze and Hurrican Mitch accounted for two-thirds of the US$65 billion loss. The geographical areas affected may vary, but one constant is that the per capita burden of catastrophic losses is dramatically higher in developing countries. To respond to an increased demand to assist disaster rcovery programmes, the World Bank set up the Disaster Management Facility in 1998, to help provide the Bank with a more rapid and strategic response to disaster emergencies. The DMF focuses on risk identification, risk reduction, and risk sharing/transfer, the three major topics in this volume. The DMF also promotes strategic alliances with key private, government, multilateral and nongovernmental organisations to ensure the inclusion of disaster risk reduction as a central value of development. The most important of these partnerships is the ProVention Consortium, launched in February 2000, based on the premise that we must all take responsibility for making the new millennium a safer one.

Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies

Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies

by Dr. R. K. Dave

  • Publisher : Prowess Publishing
  • Release : 2018-02-21
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1545721750
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book – “Disaster Management in India: Challenges and Strategies” - provides a practical and realistic understanding of the evolving status of disaster management in India. The book discusses techno-legal systems for disaster management and their real-life effectiveness based upon the author’s own professional experience as well as available literature including studies, reviews and audits reports.A case study of the 2001 Bhuj Earthquake conducted by the author is at the nucleus of the book and provides a clear understanding on how interdependent sub-systems (social, organisational, infrastructure) can fail during sever incidents, and the consequences thereof.Lack of resources, lack of coordination, and poor communication are endemic to severely damaged disaster environments like the 2001 Bhuj earthquake and are very commonly seen across the world. What is more important for the future is that new methods are being evolved that overcome the potential risks posed by such initial conditions for improving organizational performance. Lessons from the 2001 Bhuj earthquake highlighted in this book are still relevant and provide directions for well-designed future interventions.The book critically examines performance status of disaster management in the post DM Act 2005 period and identifies many relevant issues and challenges – including development of effective institutions for disaster risk management.At the end, the book proposes intervention strategies for strengthening and improving disaster management systems keeping in mind the latest developments and best-practices suited to Indian conditions. Drawing on the author’s decades of experience both in the domains of disaster management and technology, the book provides tips on - Emergency Operations Center design and development; Media integration into DM, emergency Resources Management systems development and Crowd management.