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The SGTE Casebook

The SGTE Casebook
Thermodynamics at Work

by K Hack

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2008-01-25
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN : 1845693957
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium of European and North American research groups developing thermodynamic databases and software to model the thermodynamic properties of metals and other materials. Understanding these properties is critical to improving the processing of metals and their performance in such areas as resistance to high-temperature corrosion. This substantially revised new edition explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications. These applications include the analysis of hot salt and other types of high-temperature corrosion, understanding the loss of corrosion resistance in stainless and other types of steel, the processing of steels, as well as the use of thermodynamics to improve the functionality of materials for microelectronics and lighting applications, and in the analysis of nuclear safety issues. New case studies also illustrate applications to kinetically-controlled processes such as the solidification and heat treatment of alloys as well as the production of silicon and titanium oxide pigment. The SGTE casebook is a valuable reference for those manufacturing steels and other materials, those using materials in high-temperature applications such as the power industry and in other areas such as microelectronics and lighting. This updated and revised edition explores theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling Practical applications are provided, including types of high-temperature corrosion Valuable reference for the power and microelectronics industry

The SGTE Casebook

The SGTE Casebook
Thermodynamics at Work

by Scientific Group Thermodata Europe

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1996
  • Pages : 227
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Scientific Group Thermodata Europe (SGTE) is a consortium of European and American research groups developing thermodynamic databases and software to model the thermodynamic properties of metals and other materials. Understanding these properties is critical to improving the processing of metals and their performance in such areas as resistance to high-temperature corrosion. This substantially revised new edition explores both the theoretical background to thermodynamic modelling and its wide range of practical applications. These applications include the analysis of hot salt and other types of high-temperature corrosion, understanding the loss of corrosion resistance in stainless and other types of steel, the processing of high speed, low carbon and other types of steel, and the use of thermodynamics to improve the functionality of materials for microelectronics and lighting applications. The SGTE casebook will be a valuable reference for those manufacturing steels and other materials, those using materials in high-temperature applications such as the power industry and in other areas such as microelectronics and lighting.

CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams): A Comprehensive Guide

CALPHAD (Calculation of Phase Diagrams): A Comprehensive Guide
A Book

by N. Saunders,A.P. Miodownik

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 1998-06-09
  • Pages : 478
  • ISBN : 9780080528434
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This monograph acts as a benchmark to current achievements in the field of Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, often called CALPHAD which is an acronym for Computer CALculation of PHAse Diagrams. It also acts as a guide to both the basic background of the subject area and the cutting edge of the topic, combining comprehensive discussions of the underlying physical principles of the CALPHAD method with detailed descriptions of their application to real complex multi-component materials. Approaches which combine both thermodynamic and kinetic models to interpret non-equilibrium phase transformations are also reviewed.

Physical Metallurgy

Physical Metallurgy
A Book

by David E. Laughlin,Kazuhiro Hono

  • Publisher : Newnes
  • Release : 2014-07-24
  • Pages : 2960
  • ISBN : 0444537716
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This fifth edition of the highly regarded family of titles that first published in 1965 is now a three-volume set and over 3,000 pages. All chapters have been revised and expanded, either by the fourth edition authors alone or jointly with new co-authors. Chapters have been added on the physical metallurgy of light alloys, the physical metallurgy of titanium alloys, atom probe field ion microscopy, computational metallurgy, and orientational imaging microscopy. The books incorporate the latest experimental research results and theoretical insights. Several thousand citations to the research and review literature are included. Exhaustively synthesizes the pertinent, contemporary developments within physical metallurgy so scientists have authoritative information at their fingertips Replaces existing articles and monographs with a single, complete solution Enables metallurgists to predict changes and create novel alloys and processes

Encyclopedia of Glass Science, Technology, History, and Culture Two Volume Set

Encyclopedia of Glass Science, Technology, History, and Culture Two Volume Set
A Book

by Pascal Richet

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2021-02-05
  • Pages : 1568
  • ISBN : 1118799399
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This Encyclopedia begins with an introduction summarizing itsscope and content. Glassmaking; Structure of Glass, GlassPhysics,Transport Properties, Chemistry of Glass, Glass and Light,Inorganic Glass Families, Organic Glasses, Glass and theEnvironment, Historical and Economical Aspect of Glassmaking,History of Glass, Glass and Art, and outlinepossible newdevelopments and uses as presented by the best known people in thefield (C.A. Angell, for example). Sections and chapters arearranged in a logical order to ensure overall consistency and avoiduseless repetitions. All sections are introduced by a briefintroduction and attractive illustration. Newly investigatedtopics will be addresses, with the goal of ensuring that thisEncyclopedia remains a reference work for years to come.

Concise Chemical Thermodynamics

Concise Chemical Thermodynamics
A Book

by A.P.H. Peters

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-07-02
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN : 1439813337
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The first two editions of Concise Chemical Thermodynamics proved to be a very popular introduction to a subject many undergraduate students perceive to be difficult due to the underlying mathematics. With its concise explanations and clear examples, the text has for the past 40 years clarified for countless students one of the most complicated bran

Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings

Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings
Types, Designs, Manufacture and Applications

by Nuria Espallargas

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-06-29
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 0857097741
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Future Development of Thermal Spray Coatings discusses the latest developments and research trends in the thermal spray industry. The book presents a timely guide to new applications and techniques. After an introduction to thermal spray coatings by the editor, Part One covers new types and properties of thermal spray coatings. Chapters look at feedstock suspensions and solutions, the application of solution precursor spray techniques to obtain ceramic films and coatings, cold spray techniques and warm spray technology amongst others. Part Two of the book moves on to discuss new applications for thermal spray coatings such as the use of thermal spray coatings in environmental barrier coatings, thermal spray coatings in renewable energy applications and manufacturing engineering in thermal spray technologies by advanced robot systems and process kinematics. Timely guide on the current advancements and research trends in thermal spray technology Reviews different types of thermal spray coatings Presents a wide variety of applications for this emerging technology

Computational Materials Engineering

Computational Materials Engineering
An Introduction to Microstructure Evolution

by Koenraad George Frans Janssens,Dierk Raabe,Ernest Kozeschnik,Mark A Miodownik,Britta Nestler

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2010-07-26
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 9780080555492
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computational Materials Engineering is an advanced introduction to the computer-aided modeling of essential material properties and behavior, including the physical, thermal and chemical parameters, as well as the mathematical tools used to perform simulations. Its emphasis will be on crystalline materials, which includes all metals. The basis of Computational Materials Engineering allows scientists and engineers to create virtual simulations of material behavior and properties, to better understand how a particular material works and performs and then use that knowledge to design improvements for particular material applications. The text displays knowledge of software designers, materials scientists and engineers, and those involved in materials applications like mechanical engineers, civil engineers, electrical engineers, and chemical engineers. Readers from students to practicing engineers to materials research scientists will find in this book a single source of the major elements that make up contemporary computer modeling of materials characteristics and behavior. The reader will gain an understanding of the underlying statistical and analytical tools that are the basis for modeling complex material interactions, including an understanding of computational thermodynamics and molecular kinetics; as well as various modeling systems. Finally, the book will offer the reader a variety of algorithms to use in solving typical modeling problems so that the theory presented herein can be put to real-world use. Balanced coverage of fundamentals of materials modeling, as well as more advanced aspects of modeling, such as modeling at all scales from the atomic to the molecular to the macro-material Concise, yet rigorous mathematical coverage of such analytical tools as the Potts type Monte Carlo method, cellular automata, phase field, dislocation dynamics and Finite Element Analysis in statistical and analytical modeling

Thermoelectrics and its Energy Harvesting, 2-Volume Set

Thermoelectrics and its Energy Harvesting, 2-Volume Set
A Book

by David Michael Rowe

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2018-10-03
  • Pages : 1120
  • ISBN : 1439840423
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprising two volumes, Thermoelectrics and Its Energy Harvesting reviews the vast improvements in technology and application of thermoelectric energy with a specific intention to reduce and reuse waste heat and improve novel techniques for the efficient acquisition and use of energy.Materials, Preparation, and Characterization in Thermoelectrics i

Computer Generated Physical Properties

Computer Generated Physical Properties
A Book

by Stan Bumble

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 1999-06-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 9781566703291
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Computer Generated Physical Properties offers the environmental scientist a basis to predict the properties of molecules and reengineer them to remove those properties that are harmful to the environment. This technology is currently used in other fields and is now becoming popular in the environmental engineering field because of its pollution prevention and waste reduction capabilities. This book, interdisciplinary in scope, treats the physical properties of matter as generated by computers. It covers a wide variety of topics pointing towards synthesizing new molecules to substitute for reactants, intermediaries, and products in industrial processes with better physical and environmental properties than the original. The author achieves this with a spreadsheet program called SYNPROPS that operates on a PC computer with optimization features. A radar type graph - one for each property - visually sorts the various groups in order of their contribution to the property, creating the necessity for a computer to obtain answers for the structure of the optimum molecules for substitution or synthesis. The author discusses applications to biologically active molecules without side effects, including antineoplatic drugs. Additionally, he demonstrates model compounds and the applications of SYNPROPS' optimization and substitution. This book has everything you need to know about deriving properties and combinational chemistry from molecular structure.

Underground Pipeline Corrosion

Underground Pipeline Corrosion
A Book

by Mark Orazem

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-02-17
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN : 0857099264
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Underground pipelines transporting liquid petroleum products and natural gas are critical components of civil infrastructure, making corrosion prevention an essential part of asset-protection strategy. Underground Pipeline Corrosion provides a basic understanding of the problems associated with corrosion detection and mitigation, and of the state of the art in corrosion prevention. The topics covered in part one include: basic principles for corrosion in underground pipelines, AC-induced corrosion of underground pipelines, significance of corrosion in onshore oil and gas pipelines, numerical simulations for cathodic protection of pipelines, and use of corrosion inhibitors in managing corrosion in underground pipelines. The methods described in part two for detecting corrosion in underground pipelines include: magnetic flux leakage, close interval potential surveys (CIS/CIPS), Pearson surveys, in-line inspection, and use of both electrochemical and optical probes. While the emphasis is on pipelines transporting fossil fuels, the concepts apply as well to metallic pipes for delivery of water and other liquids. Underground Pipeline Corrosion is a comprehensive resource for corrosion, materials, chemical, petroleum, and civil engineers constructing or managing both onshore and offshore pipeline assets; professionals in steel and coating companies; and academic researchers and professors with an interest in corrosion and pipeline engineering. Reviews the causes and considers the detection and prevention of corrosion to underground pipes Addresses a lack of current, readily available information on the subject Case studies demonstrate how corrosion is managed in the underground pipeline industry

Fiberglass and Glass Technology

Fiberglass and Glass Technology
Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications

by Frederick T. Wallenberger,Paul A. Bingham

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2009-11-27
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 9781441907363
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Fiberglass and Glass Technology: Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications provides a detailed overview of fiber, float and container glass technology with special emphasis on energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions, applications and manufacturing practices which have recently become available and continue to emerge. Energy-friendly compositions are variants of incumbent fiberglass and glass compositions that are obtained by the reformulation of incumbent compositions to reduce the viscosity and thereby the energy demand. Environmentally-friendly compositions are variants of incumbent fiber, float and container glass compositions that are obtained by the reformulation of incumbent compositions to reduce environmentally harmful emissions from their melts. Energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions are expected to become a key factor in the future for the fiberglass and glass industries. This book consists of two complementary sections: continuous glass fiber technology and soda-lime-silica glass technology. Important topics covered include: o Commercial and experimental compositions and products o Design of energy- and environmentally-friendly compositions o Emerging glass melting technologies including plasma melting o Fiberglass composite design and engineering o Emerging fiberglass applications and markets Fiberglass and Glass Technology: Energy-Friendly Compositions and Applications is written for researchers and engineers seeking a modern understanding of glass technology and the development of future products that are more energy- and environmentally-friendly than current products.

Crystal Growth Technology

Crystal Growth Technology
Semiconductors and Dielectrics

by Hans J. Scheel,Peter Capper,Peter Rudolph

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2011-07-26
  • Pages : 366
  • ISBN : 3527632891
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Semiconductors and dielectrics are two essential materials found in cell phones and computers, for example, and both are manufactured by growing crystals. Edited by the organizers of the International Workshop on Crystal Growth Technology, this ready reference is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists, physicists, computer hardware manufacturers, engineers, and those working in the chemical and semiconductor industries. They have assembled an international team of experts who present the current challenges, latest methods and new applications for producing these materials necessary for the electronics industry using bulk crystal growth technology. From the contents: * General aspects of crystal growth technology * Compound semiconductors * Halides and oxides * Crystal growth for sustaining energy * Crystal machining

Iron Ore

Iron Ore
Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Sustainability

by Liming Lu

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-07-24
  • Pages : 666
  • ISBN : 1782421599
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Iron Ore: Mineralogy, Processing and Environmental Issues summarizes recent, key research on the characterization of iron ores, including important topics such as beneficiation (separation and refining), agglomeration (e.g., production of pellets or powders), blast furnace technology for smelting, and environmental issues relating to its production. The text is an ideal reference on the topic during a time when iron ore production has increased significantly, driven by increasing demand from countries such as India and China. Provides a comprehensive overview of the global iron ore industry, exploring its characteristics and characterization Expert analysis of quality requirements for iron production, iron ore agglomeration technologies, environmental issues, and low-emission technologies Timely text to accompany the increased iron ore production occurring in developing countries like India and China

Precursor-Derived Ceramics

Precursor-Derived Ceramics
Synthesis, Structure and High-Temperature Mechanical Properties

by Joachim Bill,Fumihiro Wakai,Fritz Aldinger

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2008-07-11
  • Pages : 313
  • ISBN : 3527613838
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The production of high-purity ceramic materials from low-molecular weight, inorganic or organoelement precursors is a topic of increasing relevance within materials science. With this emerging technology it is possible to precisely tailor the properties of the ceramic material which enables new high-temperature or electronic applications. Every materials scientist and engineer involved in the research and development of new high-performance ceramic materials will find these results - presented at a recent workshop of the Max-Planck-Gesellschaft - of great importance for his own work.

Advances in Powder Metallurgy

Advances in Powder Metallurgy
Properties, Processing and Applications

by Isaac Chang,Yuyuan Zhao

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2013-08-31
  • Pages : 624
  • ISBN : 085709890X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Powder metallurgy (PM) is a popular metal forming technology used to produce dense and precision components. Different powder and component forming routes can be used to create an end product with specific properties for a particular application or industry. Advances in powder metallurgy explores a range of materials and techniques used for powder metallurgy and the use of this technology across a variety of application areas. Part one discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques, electrolysis and plasma synthesis of metallic nanopowders. Part two goes on to highlight specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys. Part three reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques, process optimisation in powder component manufacturing and non-destructive evaluation of PM parts. Finally, part four focusses on the applications of PM in the automotive industry and the use of PM in the production of cutting tools and biomaterials. Advances in powder metallurgy is a standard reference for structural engineers and component manufacturers in the metal forming industry, professionals working in industries that use PM components and academics with a research interest in the field. Discusses the forming and shaping of metal powders and includes chapters on atomisation techniques Highlights specific materials and their properties including advanced powdered steel alloys, porous metals and titanium alloys Reviews the manufacture and densification of PM components and explores joining techniques

Rare Earth-Based Corrosion Inhibitors

Rare Earth-Based Corrosion Inhibitors
A Book

by Maria Forsyth,Bruce Hinton

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2014-08-12
  • Pages : 338
  • ISBN : 0857093584
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Corrosion inhibitors are an important method for minimizing corrosion; however traditional inhibitors such as chromates pose environmental problems. Rare earth metals provide an important, environmentally-friendly alternative. This book provides a comprehensive review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Chapter 1 begins by examining the important need to replace chromate, and then goes on to discuss the chemistry of the rare earth metals and their related compounds. Chapter 2 considers the techniques that can be used to identify corrosion inhibition mechanisms and to test the levels of protection offered to different metals by rare earth compounds. Subsequent chapters consider in more detail how rare earth elements can be used as corrosion inhibitors in different forms and for different metals. This includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Finally, chapter 10 considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them. Provides a review of current research and examines how rare earth metals can be used to prevent corrosion and applied to protect metals in such industries as aerospace and construction. Includes discussion on the potential of rare earth elements for self-healing, tunable and multifunctional coatings. Considers the cost and availability of the rare earths and the potential health and environmental risks associated with extracting them.

Interfacial Compatibility in Microelectronics

Interfacial Compatibility in Microelectronics
Moving Away from the Trial and Error Approach

by Tomi Laurila,Vesa Vuorinen,Mervi Paulasto-Kröckel,Markus Turunen,Toni T. Mattila,Jorma Kivilahti

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-01-10
  • Pages : 218
  • ISBN : 1447124707
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfaces between dissimilar materials are met everywhere in microelectronics and microsystems. In order to ensure faultless operation of these highly sophisticated structures, it is mandatory to have fundamental understanding of materials and their interactions in the system. In this difficult task, the “traditional” method of trial and error is not feasible anymore; it takes too much time and repeated efforts. In Interfacial Compatibility in Microelectronics, an alternative approach is introduced. In this revised method four fundamental disciplines are combined: i) thermodynamics of materials ii) reaction kinetics iii) theory of microstructures and iv) stress and strain analysis. The advantages of the method are illustrated in Interfacial Compatibility in Microelectronics which includes: solutions to several common reliability issues in microsystem technology, methods to understand and predict failure mechanisms at interfaces between dissimilar materials and an approach to DFR based on deep understanding in materials science, rather than on the use of mechanistic tools, such as FMEA. Interfacial Compatibility in Microelectronics provides a clear and methodical resource for graduates and postgraduates alike.

Magnesium Technology 2000

Magnesium Technology 2000
A Book

by Howard I. Kaplan,John N. Hryn,Byron B. Clow

  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release : 2013-09-24
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN : 1118808304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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These proceedings provide an overview of magnesium productiontechnology, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and alloydevelopment. Co-sponsored with TMS by the Magnesium Association,the symposium was divided into several sessions: Electrolytictechnology, thermal reduction/environmental, automotive issues andrecycling, alloy development/corrosion, solidification, creepproperties/heat treating effects, physical/mechanical properties,wrought alloys/thixmolding. A collection of papers from the 2000 TMS Annual Meeting &Exhibition, held in Nashville, Tennessee, March 12-March 15,2000.

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials

Comprehensive Nuclear Materials
A Book

by Todd R Allen,Roger E Stoller,Shinsuke Yamanaka

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2011-05-12
  • Pages : 3560
  • ISBN : 0080560334
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Comprehensive Nuclear Materials discusses the major classes of materials suitable for usage in nuclear fission, fusion reactors and high power accelerators, and for diverse functions in fuels, cladding, moderator and control materials, structural, functional, and waste materials. The work addresses the full panorama of contemporary international research in nuclear materials, from Actinides to Zirconium alloys, from the worlds' leading scientists and engineers. Critically reviews the major classes and functions of materials, supporting the selection, assessment, validation and engineering of materials in extreme nuclear environment Fully integrated with F-elements.net, a proprietary database containing useful cross-referenced property data on the lanthanides and actinides Details contemporary developments in numerical simulation, modelling, experimentation, and computational analysis, for effective implementation in labs and plants