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The Sharing Economy

The Sharing Economy
The End of Employment and the Rise of Crowd-based Capitalism

by Arun Sundararajan

  • Publisher : Mit Press
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN : 0262533529
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The wide-ranging implications of the shift to a sharing economy, a new model of organizing economic activity that may supplant traditional corporations. Sharing isn't new. Giving someone a ride, having a guest in your spare room, running errands for someone, participating in a supper club--these are not revolutionary concepts. What is new, in the "sharing economy," is that you are not helping a friend for free; you are providing these services to a stranger for money. In this book, Arun Sundararajan, an expert on the sharing economy, explains the transition to what he describes as "crowd-based capitalism"--a new way of organizing economic activity that may supplant the traditional corporate-centered model. As peer-to-peer commercial exchange blurs the lines between the personal and the professional, how will the economy, government regulation, what it means to have a job, and our social fabric be affected? Drawing on extensive research and numerous real-world examples--including Airbnb, Lyft, Uber, Etsy, TaskRabbit, France's BlaBlaCar, China's Didi Kuaidi, and India's Ola, Sundararajan explains the basics of crowd-based capitalism. He describes the intriguing mix of "gift" and "market" in its transactions, demystifies emerging blockchain technologies, and clarifies the dizzying array of emerging on-demand platforms. He considers how this new paradigm changes economic growth and the future of work. Will we live in a world of empowered entrepreneurs who enjoy professional flexibility and independence? Or will we become disenfranchised digital laborers scurrying between platforms in search of the next wedge of piecework? Sundararajan highlights the important policy choices and suggests possible new directions for self-regulatory organizations, labor law, and funding our social safety net.

Law and the "Sharing Economy"

Law and the 'Sharing Economy'
Regulating Online Market Platforms

by Derek McKee,Finn Makela,Teresa Scassa

  • Publisher : University of Ottawa Press
  • Release : 2018-11-27
  • Pages : 434
  • ISBN : 0776627538
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Controversy shrouds sharing economy platforms. It stems partially from the platforms’ economic impact, which is felt most acutely in certain sectors: Uber drivers compete with taxi drivers; Airbnb hosts compete with hotels. Other consequences lie elsewhere: Uber is associated with a trend toward low-paying, precarious work, whereas Airbnb is accused of exacerbating real estate speculation and raising the cost of long-term rental housing. While governments in some jurisdictions have attempted to rein in the platforms, technology has enabled such companies to bypass conventional regulatory categories, generating accusations of “unfair competition” as well as debates about the merits of existing regulatory regimes. Indeed, the platforms blur a number of familiar distinctions, including personal versus commercial activity; infrastructure versus content; contractual autonomy versus hierarchical control. These ambiguities can stymie legal regimes that rely on these distinctions as organizing principles, including those relating to labour, competition, tax, insurance, information, the prohibition of discrimination, as well as specialized sectoral regulation. This book is organized around five themes: technologies of regulation; regulating technology; the sites of regulation (local to global); regulating markets; and regulating labour. Together, the chapters offer a rich variety of insights on the regulation of the sharing economy, both in terms of the traditional areas of law they bring to bear, and the theoretical perspectives that inform their analysis. This book is published in English. - La controverse entoure les plateformes d’économie de partage, partiellement en raison de leur impact économique. Certains secteurs subissent des contrecoups de manière plus aigüe : les chauffeurs d’Uber font concurrence aux chauffeurs de taxi, ou les hôtes Airbnb rivalisent avec les hôtels. Par ailleurs, Uber exacerberait l’emploi précaire et mal rémunéré tandis qu’Airbnb amplifierait la spéculation immobilière et entraînerait, à terme, une hausse du coût de location. On a tenté de réglementer ce type de plateformes, mais la technologie est telle qu’elle permet aux entreprises d’aisément contourner la réglementation conventionnelle, si bien que les accusations de « concurrence déloyale » fusent de toutes parts, provoquant une remise en question du cadre réglementaire. En effet, de telles plateformes viennent brouiller les cartes, confondant les distinctions convenues entre personnel et commercial, infrastructure et contenu, autonomie contractuelle et contrôle hiérarchique. Cette ambiguïté peut avoir d’importantes répercussions sur le bon fonctionnement de l’appareil réglementaire qui encadre les principes organisateurs du travail, de la concurrence, de l’impôt, de l’assurance, de l’information et de de l’interdiction de la discrimination, sans parler de la réglementation sectorielle spécialisée. Cinq thématiques sont abordées dans cet ouvrage : les technologies de la réglementation; la réglementation de la technologie; les lieux de la réglementation (du local au mondial); la réglementation des marchés; et la réglementation du travail. Les chapitres se conjuguent pour offrir une réflexion d’une gamme d’experts sur la jurisprudence traditionnelle que sur les approches théoriques qui informent et façonnent la réglementation de l’économie du partage. Ce livre est publié en anglais.

Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption

Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption
A Book

by de Luna, Iviane Ramos,Fitó-Bertran, Àngels,Lladós-Masllorens, Josep,Liébana-Cabanillas, Francisco

  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release : 2019-09-20
  • Pages : 323
  • ISBN : 1522599304
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The introduction of new technology and technological services worldwide has ushered in a new wave of peer-to-peer and access-driven companies that are disrupting the most established business categories. The emergence of these new business models has upset the flow in contemporary society and transformed people's behavior towards sharing-based economies. Companies and entrepreneurs can see this significant change in people’s behavior as both an opportunity and a threat. Sharing Economy and the Impact of Collaborative Consumption provides emerging research on the impact that the sharing services are having on society as well as the importance of the sharing economy development in the coming years, dealing with relevant issues such as regulations, the technological aspects involved in these platforms, the impact in the tourism sector, and consumer behavior in relation to these services. Multidisciplinary in nature, this publication establishes links between economics, finance, marketing, consumer behavior, and IT, and covers topics that include e-commerce, consumer behavior, and peer economy. It is ideally designed for researchers, students, business professionals, and entrepreneurs seeking current research on the impact that this industry has on various economic, marketing, and societal aspects of different countries.

Sharing Economy

Sharing Economy
Making Supply Meet Demand

by Ming Hu

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-11
  • Pages : 528
  • ISBN : 3030018636
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This edited book examines the challenges and opportunities arising from today’s sharing economy from an operations management perspective. Individual chapter authors present state-of-the-art research that examines the general impact of sharing economy on production and consumption; the intermediary role of a sharing platform; crowdsourcing management; and context-based operational problems. Sharing economy refers to a market model that enables and facilitates the sharing of access to goods and services. For example, Uber allows riders to share a car. Airbnb allows homeowners to share their extra rooms with renters. Groupon crowdsources demands, enabling customers to share the benefit of discounted goods and services, whereas Kickstarter crowdsources funds, enabling backers to fund a project jointly. Unlike the classic supply chain settings in which a firm makes inventory and supply decisions, in sharing economy, supply is crowdsourced and can be modulated by a platform. The matching-supply-with-demand process in a sharing economy requires novel perspectives and tools to address challenges and identify opportunities. The book is comprised of 20 chapters that are divided into four parts. The first part explores the general impact of sharing economy on the production, consumption, and society. The second part explores the intermediary role of a sharing platform that matches crowdsourced supply with demand. The third part investigates the crowdsourcing management on a sharing platform, and the fourth part is dedicated to context-based operational problems of popular sharing economy applications. “While sharing economy is becoming omnipresence, the operations management (OM) research community has begun to explore and examine different business models in the transportation, healthcare, financial, accommodation, and sourcing sectors. This book presents a collection of the state-of-the-art research work conducted by a group of world-leading OM researchers in this area. Not only does this book cover a wide range of business models arising from the sharing economy, but it also showcases different modeling frameworks and research methods that cannot be missed. Ultimately, this book is a tour de force – informative and insightful!” Christopher S. Tang Distinguished Professor and Edward Carter Chair in Business Administration UCLA Anderson School of Management

The Impact of the Sharing Economy on Business and Society

The Impact of the Sharing Economy on Business and Society
Digital Transformation and the Rise of Platform Businesses

by Abbas Strømmen-Bakhtiar,Evgueni Vinogradov

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-01-09
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN : 1000762092
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The emergence of new platform business models, notably the sharing economy, is impacting the economy in various ways, altering the structure of many industries, and raising a number of economic and political issues. This book investigates the widespread influence of the sharing economy on businesses and society, as well as examining its underpinning economic principles and development. This volume presents an exhaustive review of the existing knowledge on the sharing economy and addresses several major areas of concern for incumbent businesses. It also explains the business models for those who are interested in embarking on their own ventures and provides an excellent source for further research. It takes an in-depth look at controversial labour policies, such as using labour as self-employed contractors or using regulatory grey areas to expand in markets. It is highly multidisciplinary, establishing links between economics, finance, marketing and consumer behaviour. This contribution on the sharing economy will enable researchers and graduate and doctoral students to expand and improve their understanding of this topic and identify new research problems in all of these areas. The book will also appeal to policy makers, regional and local government decision makers, and those interested in labour markets transformation.

Handbook of the Sharing Economy

Handbook of the Sharing Economy
A Book

by Russell W. Belk,Giana M. Eckhardt,Fleura Bardhi

  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release : 2019
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN : 1788110544
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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With the radical growth in the ubiquity of digital platforms, the sharing economy is here to stay. This Handbook explores the nature and direction of the sharing economy, interrogating its key dynamics and evolution over the past decade and critiquing its effect on society.

The Rise of the Sharing Economy: Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Collaborative Consumption

The Rise of the Sharing Economy: Exploring the Challenges and Opportunities of Collaborative Consumption
A Book

by Pia A. Albinsson,B. Yasanthi Perera

  • Publisher : ABC-CLIO
  • Release : 2018-01-04
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1440851875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the ultimate source for anyone who wants a comprehensive view of how the sharing economy began and how it may fundamentally change capitalism across the globe. • Takes a global and multidisciplinary approach to defining the sharing economy, its facilitators, and its outcomes • Provides a concise yet thorough study of the sharing economy, in one volume • Presents case-based research to explain how the sharing economy works • Offers real-world examples of collaborative consumption and of sharing economy organizations

Theorizing the Sharing Economy

Theorizing the Sharing Economy
Variety and Trajectories of New Forms of Organizing

by Indre Maurer,Johanna Mair,Achim Oberg

  • Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
  • Release : 2020-04-10
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 178756181X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This volume takes advantage of this opportunity by presenting a collection of empirical and conceptual work that explores the variety and the trajectories of new forms of organizing in the sharing economy, and in doing so builds on, rejuvenates, and refines existing organization theories.

The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport

The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-11-01
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN : 0128162112
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Sharing Economy and the Relevance for Transport, Volume Four in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series, assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world. Individual chapters in this new release include Cars and cities in the sharing economy, The future of public transport within the sharing economy, Sharing vehicles and sharing rides in real time: opportunities for self-driving fleets, Car parking in the future, Car share’s impact and future, Bike Share, and much more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series Updated release includes the latest information on the evolving impact of The Sharing Economy and The Relevance For Transport

Generation Share

Generation Share
The Change-Makers Building the Sharing Economy

by Matofska, Benita,Sheinwald, Sophie

  • Publisher : Policy Press
  • Release : 2020-05-26
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1447359275
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Generation Share takes readers on a journey around the globe to meet the people who are changing and saving lives by building a Sharing Economy. Through stunning photography, social commentary and interviews with 200 change-makers, Generation Share showcases extraordinary stories demonstrating the power of Sharing. From the woman transforming the lives of slum girls in India, to the UK entrepreneur who has started a food sharing revolution; you’ll discover the creators of a life-saving human milk bank, a trust cafe and a fashion library who are changing the world. A collaboration between speaker, social innovator and global Sharing Economy expert Benita Matofska and photographer Sophie Sheinwald, Generation Share brings to life the phenomenon causing the most significant shift in society since the Industrial Revolution.

Perspectives on the Sharing Economy

Perspectives on the Sharing Economy
A Book

by Dominika Wruk,Achim Oberg,Indre Maurer

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2019-08-15
  • Pages : 174
  • ISBN : 1527538532
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Sharing instead of owning is one of the major trends in modern (business) life. By changing how people consume, the rise of the sharing economy has the potential to redefine the role of owners, consumers and producers, change their mode of transaction, create innovative business models, disrupt existing industries, and challenge political and regulative institutions. In addition to these practical implications, the sharing economy phenomenon represents a novel playground for theoretical advancement, attracting a multitude of research and researchers from different disciplines. While this can potentially open up new avenues for practice and theory to stimulate each other, they do not seem to go hand-in-hand at the moment. This volume brings together research from a wide variety of theoretical backgrounds and disciplines to encourage academic discourse on the sharing economy phenomenon. It comprises contributions that are grounded in different theoretical perspectives, including business history, economics, strategic management, organization studies, information systems, political science, legal studies, linguistics, and semantics. While all contributions focus on the sharing economy phenomenon, they examine the subject from different disciplinary angles. Together, they provide a coherent and comprehensive overview of research on the sharing economy.

Analytics for the Sharing Economy: Mathematics, Engineering and Business Perspectives

Analytics for the Sharing Economy: Mathematics, Engineering and Business Perspectives
A Book

by Emanuele Crisostomi,Bissan Ghaddar,Florian Häusler,Joe Naoum-Sawaya,Giovanni Russo,Robert Shorten

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2020-03-11
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 3030350320
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides an encompassing overview of all aspects relating to the sharing economy paradigm in different fields of study, and shows the ongoing research efforts in filling previously identified gaps in understanding in this area. Control and optimization analytics for the sharing economy explores bespoke analytics, tools, and business models that can be used to help design collaborative consumption services (the shared economy). It provides case studies of collaborative consumption in the areas of energy and mobility. The contributors review successful examples of sharing systems, and explore the theory for designing effective and stable shared-economy models. They discuss recent innovations in and uses of shared economy models in niche areas, such as energy and mobility. Readers learn the scientific challenging issues associated with the realization of a sharing economy. Conceptual and practical matters are examined, and the state-of-the-art tools and techniques to address such applications are explained. The contributors also show readers how topical problems in engineering, such as energy consumption in power grids, or bike sharing in transportation networks, can be formulated and solved from a general collaborative consumption perspective. Since the book takes a mathematical perspective to the topic, researchers in business, computer science, optimization and control find it useful. Practitioners also use the book as a point of reference, as it explores and investigates the analytics behind economy sharing.

Practicing Law in the Sharing Economy

Practicing Law in the Sharing Economy
Helping People Build Cooperatives, Social Enterprise, and Local Sustainable Economies

by Janelle Orsi

  • Publisher : Amer Bar Assn
  • Release : 2012
  • Pages : 609
  • ISBN : 9781614385462
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Transactional lawyers are needed, en masse, to aid in an epic reinvention of our economic system. This reinvention is referred to by many names the "sharing economy," "collaborative consumption," the "grassroots economy" and involves different ways of meeting people's needs, participating in production, and transacting with each other. This book illustrates the nine primary areas of work that a sharing lawyer must know, including drafting agreements, structuring entities, employment regulations, intellectual property, and much more. The work of a sharing lawyer will often be challenging, but will always be interesting and demand creativity. Perhaps best of all, the work of sharing lawyer will contribute importantly to the creation of a world in which innumerable people have now decided they want to live."

The Future of Airbnb and the Sharing Economy

The Future of Airbnb and the Sharing Economy
The Collaborative Consumption of our Cities

by Jeroen A. Oskam

  • Publisher : Channel View Publications
  • Release : 2019-04-15
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 1845416740
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book deconstructs the ‘sharing’ marketing narratives surrounding Airbnb and similar platforms. It provides a conceptual analysis of the ‘sharing economy’ and accommodation sector and furthers the ongoing discussion surrounding Airbnb and the social sustainability of city tourism. The volume analyses the touristification of neighbourhoods in the context of broader economic and ideological shifts, thus bridging the gap between academic and social debate. It presents four different city scenarios of potential future developments and evaluates the effects of different regulatory responses, giving readers an understanding of the forces and factors at work and envisioning the ultimate consequences of current developments. The book will appeal to students and researchers in tourism and hospitality studies, futures studies and urban planning, as well as to policymakers and strategists in the hospitality and tourism sectors.

Hustle and Gig

Hustle and Gig
Struggling and Surviving in the Sharing Economy

by Alexandrea J. Ravenelle

  • Publisher : University of California Press
  • Release : 2019-03-12
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 0520300556
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Choose your hours, choose your work, be your own boss, control your own income. Welcome to the sharing economy, a nebulous collection of online platforms and apps that promise to transcend capitalism. Supporters argue that the gig economy will reverse economic inequality, enhance worker rights, and bring entrepreneurship to the masses. But does it? In Hustle and Gig, Alexandrea J. Ravenelle shares the personal stories of nearly eighty predominantly millennial workers from Airbnb, Uber, TaskRabbit, and Kitchensurfing. Their stories underline the volatility of working in the gig economy: the autonomy these young workers expected has been usurped by the need to maintain algorithm-approved acceptance and response rates. The sharing economy upends generations of workplace protections such as worker safety; workplace protections around discrimination and sexual harassment; the right to unionize; and the right to redress for injuries. Discerning three types of gig economy workers—Success Stories, who have used the gig economy to create the life they want; Strugglers, who can’t make ends meet; and Strivers, who have stable jobs and use the sharing economy for extra cash—Ravenelle examines the costs, benefits, and societal impact of this new economic movement. Poignant and evocative, Hustle and Gig exposes how the gig economy is the millennial’s version of minimum-wage precarious work.

The Business of Sharing

The Business of Sharing
Making it in the New Sharing Economy

by Alex Stephany

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2015-03-09
  • Pages : 226
  • ISBN : 113737618X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Providing a colorful insight into the people at the forefront of the emergent Sharing Economy, a movement predicted to already be worth around $26B a year, this book gives vital advice to anyone thinking of starting or investing in a collaborative consumption business. The first of its kind, written by an author on the forefront of this new trend.

Sharing Economies in Times of Crisis

Sharing Economies in Times of Crisis
Practices, Politics and Possibilities

by Anthony Ince,Sarah Marie Hall

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2017-09-05
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 1317337697
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The ‘new sharing economy’ is a growing phenomenon across the Global North. It claims to transform relationships of production and consumption in a way that can improve our lives, reduce environmental impacts, and reduce the cost of living. Amidst various economic, environmental, and other crises, this message has strong resonance. Yet, it is not without controversy, and there have been heated debates over negative dimensions for workers and consumers alike. This book stretches far beyond the sharing economy as it is popularly defined, and explores the complex intersections of ‘sharing’ and ‘the economy’, and how a better understanding of these relationships might help us address the multiple crises that confront contemporary societies. The contributors to this book explore a wide diversity of sharing systems and practices from various empirical case studies, ranging from hospitality to seed-swapping, and from indigenous land rights to alcohol consumption. In each chapter, a different crisis or vulnerability frames and shapes the study, allowing contributors to unpick the ways in which crisis and sharing relate to each other in real life. The book is divided into three thematic sections. Following an extended introduction to the themes and ideas of the book by the editors, the first section foregrounds the shaping of sharing practices by already existing or anticipated crises. The second section focuses on the lived relations between sharing and economic practice. In the third section, authors conclude the book by exploring the possibilities and challenges for creating alternative economic forms grounded in practices of sharing. This edited volume makes a major, original contribution towards academic understandings of sharing economies in the context of crises. It is suitable for both students and academics who are interested in political economy, economic geography and consumption.

Disruptive Urbanism

Disruptive Urbanism
Implications of the ‘Sharing Economy’ for Cities, Regions, and Urban Policy

by Nicole Gurran,Paul J Maginn,Paul Burton,Crystal Legacy,Carey Curtis,Anthony Kent,Geoffrey Binder

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2020-06-30
  • Pages : 138
  • ISBN : 1000055906
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Disruptive Urbanism examines how different forms and modes of the so called "sharing economy" are manifesting in cities and regions throughout the world, and how policy makers are responding to these disruptions. The emergence of the so called "sharing economy" and the "disruptive technologies" have profound implications for urban policy and governance. Initial expectations that "sharing" of homes, offices or vehicles could solve urban problems such as congestion or housing affordability have given way to concerns over job precarity, neighbourhood transformation, and the growing power of platforms in disrupting urban governance and regulation. Contributors to this volume canvas these issues, examining how the "sharing economy" is manifesting in urban areas, the implications of this for urban living, and how policy makers are responding to these changes. Implications for urban research, policy, and practice are highlighted through chapters which address forms of urban "sharing" across housing, transport, work, and food and wider processes of globalisation and neoliberalism as they disrupt cities and urban policy making. Disruptive Urbanism will be of great interest to scholars of urban planning, urban governance, the sharing economy, and housing studies. The chapters were originally published as a special issue of Urban Policy and Research.

Environmental impacts and potential of the sharing economy

Environmental impacts and potential of the sharing economy
A Book

by John Magne Skjelvik,Anne Maren Erlandsen,Oscar Haavardsholm

  • Publisher : Nordic Council of Ministers
  • Release : 2017-10-19
  • Pages : 78
  • ISBN : 9289351578
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The various sharing initiatives seen in the Nordic countries over the last years within transportation, housing/accommodation, sharing/renting of smaller capital goods and personal services could yield considerable benefits for consumers due to better quality and/or lower prices of the services. They also have a potential for emissions reductions of CO2 and local pollutants. However, savings from lower prices could lead to increased emissions from increased demand of the services (particularly transport) and increased spending on other goods and services. Depending on how consumers spend their savings, these changes could partly, wholly or more than offset the initial emission reductions. The impacts on overall CO2 emissions depend on whether the emissions are taxed, part of the emissions trading system EU ETS or not regulated at all.

The Sharing Economy

The Sharing Economy
Legal Problems of a Permutations and Combinations Society

by Maria Regina Redinha,Maria Raquel Guimarães,Francisco Liberal Fernandes

  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release : 2018-11-21
  • Pages : 508
  • ISBN : 1527522032
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The sharing economy is just one of several possible expressions to designate the complex model of social and economic relationships based on the intensive use of digital technology. Constant permutations and combinations allow these relationships to be established through the intervention of a third party making traditional contractual positions flexible in such a way that today’s employee is tomorrow’s entrepreneur, or today’s consumer is tomorrow’s supplier of goods and services. The current legal framework is, in many respects, unable to accommodate such big changes and new legal regulations are required where adaptation of the existing ones proves to be inadequate. This book highlights where changes are needed and where adaptations are required, with a particular focus on the Portuguese, Spanish, Italian, British and Brazilian contexts. For that, four different approaches are undertaken, namely the meta-legal, macro-legal, micro-legal and transnational approaches. The study that results from these different approaches enables readers to acquire a general view on the current legal problems arising from the sharing economy, and was a direct result of a research project of the Centre for Legal and Economic Research, at the University of Porto, funded by Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia.