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The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
A Book

by Gerald Mills,Iain Stewart

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2021-01-15
  • Pages : 220
  • ISBN : 9780128150177
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Urban Heat Island provides simple instructions for measurement and an analysis of the urban heat island (UHI) phenomenon, along with greater context as to what a UHI means and what impacts it can have. With this further understanding, research on urban heat islands can impact a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs, including city greening, changing surface albedo and permeable paving. The book empowers readers to work within a set of guidelines that will enable direct comparisons of urban development across multiple environments. This type of systematic classification opens the door to true global comparisons of climate change. In addition, the impact of urban planning and design strategies in different environments can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Urban Heat Island (UHI) Mitigation

Urban Heat Island (UHI) Mitigation
Hot and Humid Regions

by Napoleon Enteria

  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release : 2021
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9813340509
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies in an Arid Climate. In Outdoor Thermal Comfort Reacheable

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Strategies in an Arid Climate. In Outdoor Thermal Comfort Reacheable
A Book

by Suaad Ridha

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2017
  • Pages : 143
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Numerous studies over the past several decades focused on the effect of the Urban Heat Island. Initial efforts on understanding the factors affecting UHI contributed to proceed the appropriate solutions and mitigation strategies. Mitigation strategies comprise increase both urban albedo (reflectivity to solar radiation), and evapotranspiration. Albedo increases are obtained through high albedo roofing and paving technologies. An increase in evapotranspiration is achieved through a combination of decreasing the fraction of impervious surfaces and planting vegetation in urban areas. The outdoor thermal comfort is influenced by the perception and satisfaction of the pedestrians, especially in hot and arid climates. Consequently, this work focuses on the appropriate methods for reducing the Urban Heat Island and thus to enhance the pedestrians outdoor thermal comfort. However, there is limited research conducted on the outdoor thermal comfort in hot and arid climate. The studies on the mitigation the Urban Heat Island and the outdoor thermal comfort are almost non-existent for Baghdad city. Baghdad has a complex urban fabric with modern design constructions buildings, traditional and heritage houses. The climate in summer is hot, and summer months are considered the longest season with nearly 7 months of the year. This study focuses on investigating possible mitigation strategies to ensure how pedestrian comfort is affected by the constructions design choices comparing a traditional district to a modern one, and on how vegetation and shading patterns contribute to reducing the effect of UHI and improving the outdoor thermal comfort. Four different scenarios are designed to assess the role of vegetation elements such as trees, grass, and different shading patterns. The evaluation was performed on the hottest day in summer, the mean radiant temperature, specific humidity, air temperature, and wind speed distributions have been analyzed using ENVI-met software. Thermal comfort is assessed using the thermal indices the Physiological Equivalent Temperature PET and the Predicted Mean Vote PMV. Also, a proposal model is designed to evaluate the thermal comfort on the hottest day and the typical day in summer. The results revealed an improvement on thermal comfort in the typical day in summer. The study shows how the urban factors such as the aspect ratio, vegetation cover, shadings, and geometry of the canyon are crucial elements that urban planners and municipalities have to take into account, especially for new urban developments in hot, arid climate.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
A Book

by Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-20
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 0128176253
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Climate, Buildings and Greenery

by Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2008-08-29
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN : 1134221096
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
A Book

by Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2020-11-17
  • Pages : 298
  • ISBN : 0128225580
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Urban Heat Islands and Urban Configuration

Urban Heat Islands and Urban Configuration
A Book

by Andrea van Milgen-Kos

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016
  • Pages : 43
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat Islands

Heat Islands
Understanding and Mitigating Heat in Urban Areas

by Lisa Mummery Gartland

  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release : 2012-05-16
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN : 1136564209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
A Book

by Francesco Musco

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-08-30
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN : 331910425X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Urban Heat Islands

Urban Heat Islands
Consequences and Mitigation Measures

by Hashem Akbari

  • Publisher : Springer Verlag
  • Release : 2009
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9783540883883
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This is the first book to investigate the causes and effects of urban heat islands, including air quality and heat-related mortality. Coverage includes such inexpensive solutions as light-coloured walls, roofs and pavement, and trees and vegetation.

Thermal Effects of Energy Consumption on the Urban Heat Island

Thermal Effects of Energy Consumption on the Urban Heat Island
A Book

by Joseph Shao Wah Shum

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1975
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theoretical Studies of Urban Heat Island Convection Effects

Theoretical Studies of Urban Heat Island Convection Effects
A Book

by Robert Lap-Sun Lee

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1973
  • Pages : 294
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Chicago's Evolving Urban Forest

Chicago's Evolving Urban Forest
An Initial Report of the Chicago Urban Forest Climate Project

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1992
  • Pages : 89
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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General Technical Report NE

General Technical Report NE
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1980
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Urban Climate

The Urban Climate
A Book

by Helmut E. Landsberg

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 1981-08-28
  • Pages : 275
  • ISBN : 9780080924199
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Urban Climate aims to summarize analytical studies directed toward physical understanding of the rural-urban differences in the atmospheric boundary layer. Attempts to quantify conditions have met with some success. There is certainly a clear understanding of the physical relations that create the climatic differences of urbanized areas. Although some of the earlier classical studies are cited here, the emphasis is on the work done during the last decade and a half. This volume comprises 11 chapters, beginning with an introductory chapter discussing the literature surrounding the topic, its historical development, and the problem of local climate modification. The second chapter presents an assessment of the urban atmosphere on a synoptic and local scale, and examines the observational procedures involved. The following chapters then go on to discuss urban air composition; urban energy fluxes; the urban heat island; the urban wind field; models of urban temperature and wind fields; moisture, clouds, and hydrometeors; urban hydrology; special aspects of urban climate; and finally, urban planning. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of meteorology, urban planning, and urban climatology.

Monthly Weather Review

Monthly Weather Review
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 329
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Two Long-term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of China

Two Long-term Instrumental Climatic Data Bases of the People's Republic of China
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1991
  • Pages : 83
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Conference on Metropolitan Physical Environment

The Conference on Metropolitan Physical Environment
Held at Syracuse, New York, 25-29 August, 1975

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1977
  • Pages : 447
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Urban Heat Island Research

Urban Heat Island Research
Past, Present and Future

by R. Bruce Telfeyan

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1972
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Villes et changement climatique

Villes et changement climatique
îlots de chaleur urbains

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2015
  • Pages : 285
  • ISBN : 9782863642436
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Le réchauffement global de la planète et les dérèglements météorologiques vont croître considérablement d'ici la fin du XXIe siècle. La ville n'échappe pas à l'influence de ces changements climatiques qui engendrent des îlots de chaleur urbains — caractérisés par des hausses de température parfois importantes dans le centre par rapport à la périphérie et qui entraînent dysfonctionnements et inconfort. Ce phénomène est dû à l'accumulation d'un certain nombre de facteurs : la densité urbaine, la circulation automobile, la minéralisation excessive et le déficit de végétal et d'eau dans les espaces publics. Les métropoles tentent d'agir. Dans cet ouvrage, chercheurs, experts et responsables locaux des villes de Barcelone, Lyon, Marseille, Montréal, Nantes, Rennes, Rome, Stuttgart, Toulouse et Vienne analysent l'impact que peuvent avoir les formes architecturales et urbaines, les dispositifs paysagers, ainsi que le choix de matériaux et de technologies de construction sur la réduction des effets néfastes de ces îlots de chaleur.