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Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles

Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles
A Book

by Eric Lee

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-11-30
  • Pages : 436
  • ISBN : 0128052651
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles discusses the electrophoretic and diffusiophoretic motions of various colloidal entities, such as rigid particles, liquid droplets, gas bubbles, and porous particles, focusing on the motion-deterring double-layer polarization effect pertinent to highly charged particles, with the lowly charged ones serving as the limiting cases. Boundary effects such as those from a cylindrical pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface are analyzed as well for the electrophoretic motion of the various particles considered. Dynamic electrophoresis is also explored and treated. The contents are suitable for researchers, graduate students, or senior college students with some basic background of colloid science and transport phenomena. As there is no closed-form analytical formula in general for the situation of highly charged particles, the results are presented with extensive figures and plots as well as tables under various electrokinetic situations of interest to facilitate the possible use of interested readers. Provides a reliable quantitative prediction of highly charged particles motion with easy-to-apply charts and in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms Offers an extensive treatment of direct quantitative predication for non-rigid systems, such as porous particles, liquid drops, and gels, which is especially valuable in proteins and DNA research Discusses highly charged systems with a nearby boundary of practical interests, such as a pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface, which is of vital interest in fields such as microfluidic operations and biomedical engineering Affords special attention to the polarization effect

Graphene Surfaces

Graphene Surfaces
Particles and Catalysts

by Karim Kakaei,Mehdi D. Esrafili,Ali Ehsani

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2018-10-09
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN : 0128145242
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Graphene Surfaces: Particles and Catalysts focuses on the surface chemistry and modification of graphene and its derivatives from a theoretical and electrochemical point-of-view. It provides a comprehensive overview of their electronic structure, synthesis, properties and general applications in catalysis science, including their relevance in alcohols and their derivatives oxidation, oxygen reduction, hydrogen evolution, energy storage, corrosion protection and supercapacitors. The book also covers emerging research on graphene chemistry and its impact. Chemical engineers, materials scientists, electrochemists and engineers will find information that will answer their most pressing questions on the surface aspects of graphene and its effect on catalysis. Serves as a time-saving reference for researchers, graduated students and chemical engineers Equips the reader with catalysis knowledge for practical applications Discusses the physical and electrochemical properties of graphene Provides the most important applications of graphene in electrochemical systems Highlights both experimental and theoretical aspects of graphene

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science

Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science
A Book

by George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-08-24
  • Pages : 360
  • ISBN : 0128141794
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications
A Book

by Mehrorang Ghaedi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 728
  • ISBN : 0128188081
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Adsorption: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 33 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the great technological importance of adsorption and describes how adsorbents are used on a large scale as desiccants, catalysts, catalyst supports, in the separation of gases, the purification of liquids, pollution control, and in respiratory protection. Finally, it explores how adsorption phenomena play a vital role in many solid-state reactions and biological mechanisms, as well as stressing the importance of the widespread use of adsorption techniques in the characterization of surface properties and the texture of fine powders. Covers the fundamental aspects of adsorption process engineering Reviews the environmental impact of key aquatic pollutants Discusses and analyzes the importance of adsorption processes for water treatment Highlights opportunity areas for adsorption process intensification Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology

An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology
A Book

by Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh,Mohammad S. Sajadi,Monireh Atarod,Mohaddeseh Sajjadi,Zahra Isaabadi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-03-01
  • Pages : 356
  • ISBN : 0128135875
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology, Volume 28, provides students, scientists and chemical engineers with an overview of several types of nanostructures, discusses the synthesis and characterization of nanostructures, and provides applications of nanotechnology in daily life. The book offers a foundation to green nanotechnology by explaining why green nanotechnology is important. Covers biological sources in green nanotechnology, antioxidants, green nanostructures, mechanism, synthesis and characterization. The book ends with an evaluation of the risks of nanotechnology in human life and future perspectives. Introduces novel sources of plants having a high potential to be used as bio media to synthesize nanostructures Provides phytochemical properties and antioxidant potential, and their effects on stability, morphology and size of green nanostructures Includes a medicinal and technological comparison of green synthesized nanostructures to nano-products from non-green methods Uses accessible language, avoiding complex concepts of mathematics, biology and chemistry

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation

Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation
Principles and Methodologies

by Changlun Chen

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-04-25
  • Pages : 347
  • ISBN : 0081027761
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Emerging Natural and Tailored Nanomaterials for Radioactive Waste Treatment and Environmental Remediation: Principles and Methodologies, Volume 29 provides an overview of the most important radionuclide sources in the environment, their interaction with environmental media, and appropriate remediation techniques. The book focuses on the assessment of radionuclide sorption behavior in contaminated sites and the synthesis of new materials for radionuclides remediation through sorption concepts. Chapters investigate the main interaction mechanisms between toxic/radioactive metal ions with natural and manmade materials, natural clay minerals and oxides, and novel nanomaterials, such as ordered mesoporous silicas, carbon nanotubes, graphene, and metal-organic framework-based materials. Techniques and models discussed include kinetics analysis, thermodynamic analysis, surface complexation models, spectroscopic techniques, and theoretical calculations. Provides a systemic discussion on the interactions between toxic and radioactive metal ions and natural and manmade materials Helps to select the best approach to remove toxic/radioactive metal ions from a surface Edited by a scientific authority in toxic/radioactive metal ion interactions

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications

Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications
A Book

by Mehrorang Ghaedi

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2021-03-19
  • Pages : 952
  • ISBN : 0128188073
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Photocatalysis: Fundamental Processes and Applications, Volume 32 in the Interface Science and Technology Series, discusses the fundamental aspects of photocatalysis and its process and applications to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon. The book discusses the fundamental aspects of all applications together with their proper mechanisms, thus providing essential information for deep research in the area of clean environment and green energy production. Provides background on the fundamental and experimental processes of photocatalysis Covers photocatalysis and its impact on creating a clean environment and energy sources Applies photocatalysis to the decontamination of wastewater, hydrogen production via water splitting, and photo reduction of carbon dioxide to hydrocarbon Edited by a world-leading researcher in interface science

Surface Science of Photocatalysis

Surface Science of Photocatalysis
A Book

by Jiaguo Yu,Mietek Jaroniec,Chuanjia Jiang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2020-03-28
  • Pages : 602
  • ISBN : 0081028911
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Surface Science of Photocatalysis, Volume 32, summarizes significant findings on the surface science behind various classic and novel photocatalysts for energy and environmental applications, with special emphasis on important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, such as interfacial charge transfer, function of co-catalysts, and adsorption over photocatalyst surface. This book timely and systematically reviews the state-of-the-art of the surface science in semiconductor-based photocatalysis, serving as a useful reference book for both new and experienced researchers in this field. Provides timely reviews on cutting-edge research on surface science and photocatalysts Comprehensively discusses novel photocatalysts, such as metal oxides, metal sulphides, graphitic carbon nitrides, graphene and metal-organics Presents important surface/interface processes in photocatalysis, like Z-scheme system and surface heterojunctions Investigates the function of co-catalysts and the adsorption on photocatalyst surfaces Edited by world-leading researchers in interface science

Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering

Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering
Volume 2A: Particulate Systems and Particle Technology

by R. P. Chhabra,Basavaraj Gurappa

  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release : 2019-04-15
  • Pages : 871
  • ISBN : 0081012209
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Coulson and Richardson's Chemical Engineering: Volume 2A: Particulate Systems and Particle Technology, Sixth Edition, has been fully revised and updated to provide practitioners with an overview of chemical engineering, including clear explanations of theory and thorough coverage of practical applications, all supported by case studies. A worldwide team of contributors has pooled their experience to revise old content and add new content. The content has been updated to be more useful to practicing engineers. This complete reference to chemical engineering will support you throughout your career, as it covers every key chemical engineering topic. Fluid Flow, Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer has been developed from the series’ volume 1, 6th edition. This volume covers the three main transport process of interest to chemical engineers: momentum transfer (fluid flow), heat transfer and mass transfer and the relationships between them. Particulate Systems and Particle Technology has been developed from the series’ volume 2, 5th edition. This volume covers the properties of particulate systems, including the character of individual particles and their behavior in fluids. Sedimentation of particles, both singly and at high concentrations, flow in packed and fluidized beads and filtration are then examined. Separation Processes has been developed from the series’ volume 2, 5th edition. This volume covers distillation and gas absorption, which illustrate applications of the fundamental principles of mass transfer. Several techniques—adsorption, ion exchange, chromatographic and membrane separations, and process intensification—are described. Chemical and Biochemical Reactors and Reaction Engineering has been developed from the series’ volume 3, 3rd edition. Features fully revised reference material converted from textbooks Covers foundational to technical topics Features emerging applications, numerical methods and computational tools

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook
Chemistry, Physics, and Life Science Principles

by Sushanta K. Mitra,Suman Chakraborty

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-09-20
  • Pages : 1132
  • ISBN : 1439816778
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook: Two-Volume Set comprehensively captures the cross-disciplinary breadth of the fields of micro- and nanofluidics, which encompass the biological sciences, chemistry, physics and engineering applications. To fill the knowledge gap between engineering and the basic sciences, the editors pulled together key individuals, well known in their respective areas, to author chapters that help graduate students, scientists, and practicing engineers understand the overall area of microfluidics and nanofluidics. Topics covered include Cell Lysis Techniques in Lab-on-a-Chip Technology Electrodics in Electrochemical Energy Conversion Systems: Microstructure and Pore-Scale Transport Microscale Gas Flow Dynamics and Molecular Models for Gas Flow and Heat Transfer Microscopic Hemorheology and Hemodynamics Covering physics and transport phenomena along with life sciences and related applications, Volume One: Chemistry, Physics, and Life Science Principles provides readers with the fundamental science background that is required for the study of microfluidics and nanofluidics. Both volumes include as much interdisciplinary knowledge as possible to reflect the inherent nature of this area, valuable to students and practitioners.

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook, Two Volume Set

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook, Two Volume Set
A Book

by Sushanta K. Mitra,Suman Chakraborty

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2011-09-20
  • Pages : 1766
  • ISBN : 1466515740
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The Microfluidics and Nanofluidics Handbook: Two-Volume Set comprehensively captures the cross-disciplinary breadth of micro- and nanofluidics, which encompass the biological sciences, chemistry, physics and engineering applications. To fill the knowledge gap between engineering and the basic sciences, the editors pulled together key individuals, w

Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis

Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis
A Book

by Jyh-Ping Hsu,Aleksandar M. Spasic

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2010-03-17
  • Pages : 194
  • ISBN : 9781439803530
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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In the 20 years since the pilot plant experiments used to develop the concept of electroviscoelasticity, inroads have been made in the understanding of its many related processes. Interfacial Electroviscoelasticity and Electrophoresis meets a massive scientific challenge by presenting deeper research and developments in the basic and applied science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems. Introducing more profound and in-depth treatises related to the liquid-liquid finely dispersed systems (i.e., emulsions and double emulsions), this book describes a new theory developed through the authors’ work. These findings are likely to impact other research and applications in a wide array of other fields, considering that the modeling of liquid-liquid interfaces is key to numerous chemical manufacturing processes, including those used for emulsions, suspensions, nanopowders, foams, biocolloids, and plasmas. The authors cover phenomena at the micro, nano, and atto-scales, and their techniques, theory, and supporting data will be of particular interest to nanoscientists, especially with regard to the breaking of emulsions. This groundbreaking book: Takes an interdisciplinary approach to elucidate the momentum transfer and electron transfer phenomena Covers less classical chemical engineering insight and modern molecular and atomic engineering Reviews basic theory of electrokinetics, using the electrophoresis of rigid particles as an example Built around the central themes of hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, this book addresses recently developed concepts in the physics, chemistry, and rheological properties of those well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems. The book also introduces the key phenomenon of electrophoresis, since it is widely adopted either as an analytical tool to characterize the surface properties of colloid-sized particles or in the separation and purification process of both laboratory and industrial scales. The applications and implications of the material presented in the book represent a major contribution to the advanced fundamental, applied, and engineering research of interfacial and colloidal phenomena.

Engineering of Chemical Complexity

Engineering of Chemical Complexity
A Book

by Alexander S. Mikhailov,Gerhard Ertl

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2013
  • Pages : 402
  • ISBN : 9814390453
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This review volume, co-edited by Nobel laureate G Ertl, provides a broad overview on current studies in the understanding of design and control of complex chemical systems of various origins, on scales ranging from single molecules and nano-phenomena to macroscopic chemical reactors. Self-organizational behavior and the emergence of coherent collective dynamics in reaction diffusion systems, reactive soft matter and chemical networks are covered. Special attention is paid to the applications in molecular cell biology and to the problems of biological evolution, synthetic biology and design of artificial living cells. Starting with a detailed introduction on the history of research on complex chemical systems, its current state of the art and perspectives, the book comprises 19 chapters that survey the current progress in particular research fields. The reviews, prepared by leading international experts, yield together a fascinating picture of a rapidly developing research discipline that brings chemical engineering to new frontiers.

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science

Encyclopedia of Surface and Colloid Science
A Book

by P. Somasundaran

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2006
  • Pages : 6675
  • ISBN : 9780849396038
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Colloid Journal of the USSR.

Colloid Journal of the USSR.
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1982
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoparticle Technology Handbook

Nanoparticle Technology Handbook
A Book

by Makio Naito,Masuo Hosokawa,Toyokazu Yokoyama,Kiyoshi Nogi

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2007-10-19
  • Pages : 644
  • ISBN : 9780080558028
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Nanoparticle technology, which handles the preparation, processing, application and characterisation of nanoparticles, is a new and revolutionary technology. It becomes the core of nanotechnology as an extension of the conventional Fine Particle / Powder Technology. Nanoparticle technology plays an important role in the implementation of nanotechnology in many engineering and industrial fields including electronic devices, advanced ceramics, new batteries, engineered catalysts, functional paint and ink, Drug Delivery System, biotechnology, etc.; and makes use of the unique properties of the nanoparticles which are completely different from those of the bulk materials. This new handbook is the first to explain complete aspects of nanoparticles with many application examples showing their advantages and advanced development. There are handbooks which briefly mention the nanosized particles or their related applications, but no handbook describing the complete aspects of nanoparticles has been published so far. The handbook elucidates of the basic properties of nanoparticles and various nanostructural materials with their characterisation methods in the first part. It also introduces more than 40 examples of practical and potential uses of nanoparticles in the later part dealing with applications. It is intended to give readers a clear picture of nanoparticles as well as new ideas or hints on their applications to create new materials or to improve the performance of the advanced functional materials developed with the nanoparticles. * Introduces all aspects of nanoparticle technology, from the fundamentals to applications. * Includes basic information on the preparation through to the characterization of nanoparticles from various viewpoints * Includes information on nanostructures, which play an important role in practical applications.

An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids

An Introduction to Interfaces & Colloids
The Bridge to Nanoscience

by John C. Berg

  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release : 2010
  • Pages : 785
  • ISBN : 9814293075
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Offers an introduction to the topics in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. It features descriptions of experiments and contains figures and illustrations that enhance the understanding of concepts.

Interfacial Electrokinetics and Electrophoresis

Interfacial Electrokinetics and Electrophoresis
A Book

by Angel V. Delgado

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2001-12-04
  • Pages : 1016
  • ISBN : 9780824706036
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfacial Electtrokinetics and Electrophoresis presents theoretical models and experimental procedures for the analysis of electrokinetic phenomena. It discusses the physics and chemistry of solid/liquid, liquid/liquid, and gas/liquid interfaces, and offers applications for the printing, environmental, pharmaceutical and biomedical industries.

Interfacial Separation of Particles

Interfacial Separation of Particles
A Book

by Shouci Lu,Robert J Pugh,Eric Forssberg

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2005-01-25
  • Pages : 706
  • ISBN : 0080495451
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Interfacial Separation of Particles is concerned with the processing and separation of fine solid particles in liquid solutions using interfacial technology. Interfacial separation has been finding wide application in many industrial fields, such as pigment and filler production, mineral processing, environmental protection, hydrometallurgy, bioengineering, food and beverage industry and chemical industry. This book describes all interfacial separation techniques and discusses the general and specific fundamentals of the techniques. The book intends to promote theoretical understanding and the more promising developments of interfacial separation technology whilst broadening the reader's background knowledge of industrial suspensions. * Is clearly written based on strong systematic science fundamentals * Provides comprehensive coverage on particle technology, mineral processing and water treatment * Includes practical examples from the different industrial fields

Chemical Abstracts

Chemical Abstracts
A Book

by Anonim

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2002
  • Pages : 129
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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