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Thermal Power Plants - Volume III

Thermal Power Plants - Volume III

by Robin A. Chaplin

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2009-11-30
  • Pages : 370
  • ISBN : 1905839286
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Pants (Volume III) has been derived from the work of several professors in the nuclear and power industry all of whom have been directly involved with the industry as managers or consultants. The text has been written as educational material and many of the individual chapters have been written as course material for advanced university courses. Also several chapters include material related to plant operation which is prescribed for operator training. Hence it bridges the gap between academic study and practical training. While it is not intended to be comprehensive in all respects it does provide an overview of the topic with sufficient technical depth for a general understanding of power plant technology and a basis for further study in a particular area. When used as a reference in this way each chapter can stand alone and be read independently of the others. Overall it meets the general philosophy of EOLSS in providing a source of knowledge for sustainable development and technological progress for educators and decision makers

Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis

Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis
A Book

by Gilberto Francisco Martha de Souza

  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release : 2012-01-05
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 1447123093
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The analysis of the reliability and availability of power plants is frequently based on simple indexes that do not take into account the criticality of some failures used for availability analysis. This criticality should be evaluated based on concepts of reliability which consider the effect of a component failure on the performance of the entire plant. System reliability analysis tools provide a root-cause analysis leading to the improvement of the plant maintenance plan. Taking in view that the power plant performance can be evaluated not only based on thermodynamic related indexes, such as heat-rate, Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis focuses on the presentation of reliability-based tools used to define performance of complex systems and introduces the basic concepts of reliability, maintainability and risk analysis aiming at their application as tools for power plant performance improvement, including: · selection of critical equipment and components, · definition of maintenance plans, mainly for auxiliary systems, and · execution of decision analysis based on risk concepts. The comprehensive presentation of each analysis allows future application of the methodology making Thermal Power Plant Performance Analysis a key resource for undergraduate and postgraduate students in mechanical and nuclear engineering.

Thermal Power Plant

Thermal Power Plant
Design and Operation

by Dipak Sarkar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2015-08-20
  • Pages : 612
  • ISBN : 0128017554
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation deals with various aspects of a thermal power plant, providing a new dimension to the subject, with focus on operating practices and troubleshooting, as well as technology and design. Its author has a 40-long association with thermal power plants in design as well as field engineering, sharing his experience with professional engineers under various training capacities, such as training programs for graduate engineers and operating personnel. Thermal Power Plant presents practical content on coal-, gas-, oil-, peat- and biomass-fueled thermal power plants, with chapters in steam power plant systems, start up and shut down, and interlock and protection. Its practical approach is ideal for engineering professionals. Focuses exclusively on thermal power, addressing some new frontiers specific to thermal plants Presents both technology and design aspects of thermal power plants, with special treatment on plant operating practices and troubleshooting Features a practical approach ideal for professionals, but can also be used to complement undergraduate and graduate studies

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants

Numerical Simulation for Next Generation Thermal Power Plants
A Book

by Falah Alobaid

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2018-03-29
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN : 3319762346
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book provides highly specialized researchers and practitioners with a major contribution to mathematical models’ developments for energy systems. First, dynamic process simulation models based on mixture flow and two-fluid models are developed for combined-cycle power plants, pulverised coal-fired power plants, concentrated solar power plant and municipal waste incineration. Operation data, obtained from different power stations, are used to investigate the capability of dynamic models to predict the behaviour of real processes and to analyse the influence of modeling assumptions on simulation results. Then, a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation programme, so-called DEMEST, is developed. Here, the fluid-solid, particle-particle and particle-wall interactions are modeled by tracking all individual particles. To this purpose, the deterministic Euler-Lagrange/Discrete Element Method (DEM) is applied and further improved. An emphasis is given to the determination of inter-phase values, such as volumetric void fraction, momentum and heat transfers, using a new procedure known as the offset-method and to the particle-grid method allowing the refinement of the grid resolution independently from particle size. Model validation is described in detail. Moreover, thermochemical reaction models for solid fuel combustion are developed based on quasi-single-phase, two-fluid and Euler-Lagrange/MP-PIC models. Measurements obtained from actual power plants are used for validation and comparison of the developed numerical models.

Thermal Power Plants - Volume I

Thermal Power Plants - Volume I

by Robin A. Chaplin

  • Publisher : EOLSS Publications
  • Release : 2009-11-30
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 190583926X
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book has been derived from the work of several professors in the nuclear and power industry all of whom have been directly involved with the industry as managers or consultants. The text has been written as educational material and many of the individual chapters have been written as course material for advanced university courses. Also several chapters include material related to plant operation which is prescribed for operator training. Hence it bridges the gap between academic study and practical training. While it is not intended to be comprehensive in all respects it does provide an overview of the topic with sufficient technical depth for a general understanding of power plant technology and a basis for further study in a particular area. When used as a reference in this way each chapter can stand alone and be read independently of the others. Overall it meets the general philosophy of EOLSS in providing a source of knowledge for sustainable development and technological progress for educators and decision makers.

Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants

by Robin A. Chaplin

  • Publisher : Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems
  • Release : 2009-12-30
  • Pages : 380
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Plants theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Energy Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. The Theme on Thermal Power Plants presents three main topics which are then expanded into multiple subtopics, each as a chapter. The first topic covers the basic theory including fossil fuel combustion, nuclear fission, thermal fluids and thermodynamic cycles. It then deals with those aspects important to the maintenance of high efficiency and good reliability such as exergy analysis, material characteristics and life extension. The second topic deals with the production of steam. Although this is only the heat receiving part of the steam cycle it is consistent with the general layout of the power plant where the fossil fuel fired boiler or nuclear fission reactor is a separate and distinct part with its own ancilliary equipment. Fossil boilers and nuclear reactors both produce steam but are so different that each is covered separately in its respective series of chapters. The third topic deals with the generation of power utilizing the steam produced in the boiler or reactor. Several chapters cover steam turbine design and operation. Since power must be produced to exactly match the demand, consideration is given to operational constraints and protective devices. Heat rejection in cooling towers is important where no large body of water exists and is addressed in one chapter. Gas turbines are used for peak power generation and, with steam turbines, for combined cycle plants so are dealt with in two chapters. Conversion of mechanical power from the turbine to electrical power for distribution to the consumer is an important aspect and is covered by the last chapter. These three volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers, NGOs and GOs.

Thermal Power Plant Simulation and Control

Thermal Power Plant Simulation and Control
A Book

by Damian Flynn

  • Publisher : IET
  • Release : 2003
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN : 0852964196
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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An exploration of how advances in computing technology and research can be combined to extend the capabilities and economics of modern power plants. The contributors, from academia as well as practising engineers, illustrate how the various methodologies can be applied to power plant operation.

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook

Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Handbook
A Guide to Thermal Power Plants

by Swapan Basu,Ajay Kumar Debnath

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2014-11-10
  • Pages : 942
  • ISBN : 0128011734
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The book discusses instrumentation and control in modern fossil fuel power plants, with an emphasis on selecting the most appropriate systems subject to constraints engineers have for their projects. It provides all the plant process and design details, including specification sheets and standards currently followed in the plant. Among the unique features of the book are the inclusion of control loop strategies and BMS/FSSS step by step logic, coverage of analytical instruments and technologies for pollution and energy savings, and coverage of the trends toward filed bus systems and integration of subsystems into one network with the help of embedded controllers and OPC interfaces. The book includes comprehensive listings of operating values and ranges of parameters for temperature, pressure, flow, level, etc of a typical 250/500 MW thermal power plant. Appropriate for project engineers as well as instrumentation/control engineers, the book also includes tables, charts, and figures from real-life projects around the world. Covers systems in use in a wide range of power plants: conventional thermal power plants, combined/cogen plants, supercritical plants, and once through boilers Presents practical design aspects and current trends in instrumentation Discusses why and how to change control strategies when systems are updated/changed Provides instrumentation selection techniques based on operating parameters. Spec sheets are included for each type of instrument. Consistent with current professional practice in North America, Europe, and India

An Introduction to Thermal Power Plant Engineering and Operation

An Introduction to Thermal Power Plant Engineering and Operation
For Power Plant Professionals

by P.K Das, A.K Das

  • Publisher : Notion Press
  • Release : 2018-11-08
  • Pages : 390
  • ISBN : 1643248634
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book is intended to meet the requirements of the fresh engineers on the field to endow them with indispensable information, technical know-how to work in the power plant industries and its associated plants. The book provides a thorough understanding and the operating principles to solve the elementary and the difficult problems faced by the modern young engineers while working in the industries. This book is written on the basis of ‘hands-on’ experience, sound and in-depth knowledge gained by the authors during their experiences faced while working in this field. The problem generally occurs in the power plants during operation and maintenance. It has been explained in a lucid language.

Operation and Maintenance of Thermal Power Stations

Operation and Maintenance of Thermal Power Stations
Best Practices and Health Monitoring

by Pradip Chanda,Suparna Mukhopaddhyay

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2016-07-01
  • Pages : 233
  • ISBN : 8132227220
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book illustrates operation and maintenance practices/guidelines for economic generation and managing health of a thermal power generator beyond its regulatory life. The book provides knowledge for professionals managing power station operations, through its unique approach to chemical analysis of water, steam, oil etc. to identify malfunctioning/defects in equipment/systems much before the physical manifestation of the problem. The book also contains a detailed procedure for conducting performance evaluation tests on different equipment, and for analyzing test results for predicting maintenance requirements, which has lent a new dimension to power systems operation and maintenance practices. A number of real life case studies also enrich the book. This book will prove particularly useful to power systems operations professionals in the developing economies, and also to researchers and students involved in studying power systems operations and control.

Thermal Power Plant

Thermal Power Plant
Pre-Operational Activities

by Dipak Sarkar

  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release : 2016-08-24
  • Pages : 474
  • ISBN : 0081012268
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Plants: Pre-Operational Activities covers practical information that can be used as a handy reference by utility operators and professionals working in new and existing plants, including those that are undergoing refurbishments and those that have been shut for long periods of time. It is fully comprehensive, including chapters on flushing boiler systems, various methods of testing steam generators, and the drying out of generators. This book will be invaluable for anyone working on the startup, commissioning, and operation of thermal power plants. It is also a great companion book to Sarkar’s Thermal Power Plant: Design and Operation. Sarkar has worked with thermal power plants for over 40 years, bringing his experience in design and operations to help new and experienced practicing engineers perform effective pre-operational activities. Consolidates all pre-operational aspects of thermal power plants Explains how to handle equipment safely and work efficiently Provides guidance for new and existing power plants to help reduce outage time and save on budgets

Modeling and Simulation of Thermal Power Plants with ThermoSysPro

Modeling and Simulation of Thermal Power Plants with ThermoSysPro
A Theoretical Introduction and a Practical Guide

by Baligh El Hefni,Daniel Bouskela

  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release : 2019-01-24
  • Pages : 494
  • ISBN : 3030051056
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This book explains the modelling and simulation of thermal power plants, and introduces readers to the equations needed to model a wide range of industrial energy processes. Also featuring a wealth of illustrative, real-world examples, it covers all types of power plants, including nuclear, fossil-fuel, solar and biomass. The book is based on the authors’ expertise and experience in the theory of power plant modelling and simulation, developed over many years of service with EDF. In more than forty examples, they demonstrate the component elements involved in a broad range of energy production systems, with detailed test cases for each chemical, thermodynamic and thermo-hydraulic model. Each of the test cases includes the following information: • component description and parameterization data; • modelling hypotheses and simulation results; • fundamental equations and correlations, with their validity domains; • model validation, and in some cases, experimental validation; and • single-phase flow and two-phase flow modelling equations, which cover all water and steam phases. A practical volume that is intended for a broad readership, from students and researchers, to professional engineers, this book offers the ideal handbook for the modelling and simulation of thermal power plants. It is also a valuable aid in understanding the physical and chemical phenomena that govern the operation of power plants and energy processes.

Condition Monitoring in Large Thermal Power Plants

Condition Monitoring in Large Thermal Power Plants
Power Plant Condition Monitoring

by Shrikant Bhave

  • Publisher : Notion Press
  • Release : 2017-09-15
  • Pages : 322
  • ISBN : 1947697803
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The technological developments in electrical power generation over the last decade have enabled creation of large pulverized coal fired and combined cycle power plants. These are required to run continuously without faults to assure highest reliability and availability of electrical power around the clock. Condition Monitoring in Large Thermal Power Plants deals with monitoring the operational integrity of boiler and turbine generator plants that includes pumps, fans etc - A most important step in achieving highest reliability and availability.

Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants

Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants
A Book

by Zhifeng Wang

  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release : 2019-02-22
  • Pages : 490
  • ISBN : 0128162198
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Design of Solar Thermal Power Plants introduces the basic design methods of solar thermal power plants for technicians engaged in solar thermal power generation engineering. This book includes the author’s theoretical investigation and study findings in solar heat concentrators, a performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, a numerical simulation of the heat transfer process between complex geometrics, heat transfer through radiation, and more. Containing theoretical descriptions of solar concentrators and receivers, practical engineering examples, and detailed descriptions of site selections for solar thermal power plants, this book has a strong theoretical and practical value for readers. Contains practical guidance and applications, making it more useful and user-friendly for CSP engineers Includes theoretical investigation in solar heat concentrators, performance evaluation of solar thermal collectors, and the numerical simulation of heat transfer between complex geometrics with practical applications

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING

POWER PLANT ENGINEERING
A Book

by MANOJ KUMAR GUPTA

  • Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Release : 2012-06-12
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN : 8120346122
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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This textbook has been designed for a one-semester course on Power Plant Engineering studied by both degree and diploma students of mechanical and electrical engineering. It effectively exposes the students to the basics of power generation involved in several energy conversion systems so that they gain comprehensive knowledge of the operation of various types of power plants in use today. After a brief introduction to energy fundamentals including the environmental impacts of power generation, the book acquaints the students with the working principles, design and operation of five conventional power plant systems, namely thermal, nuclear, hydroelectric, diesel and gas turbine. The economic factors of power generation with regard to estimation and prediction of load, plant design, plant operation, tariffs and so on, are discussed and illustrated with the help of several solved numerical problems. The generation of electric power using renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, tidal, fuel cells, magneto hydrodynamic, thermoelectric and thermionic systems, is discussed elaborately. The book is interspersed with solved problems for a sound understanding of the various aspects of power plant engineering. The chapter-end questions are intended to provide the students with a thorough reinforcement of the concepts discussed.

A Survey of Thermal Power Plant Cooling Facilities

A Survey of Thermal Power Plant Cooling Facilities
Report on Trip to Seven Thermal Power Plants, December 1968

by Pollution Control Council, Pacific Northwest Area

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 1969
  • Pages : 54
  • ISBN : 9876543210XXX
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants
Advanced Applications

by Azat Solak

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2016-09-15
  • Pages : 300
  • ISBN : 9781681176161
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal power plants are one of the most important process industries for engineering professionals. Over the past decades, the power sector is facing a number of critical issues; however, the most fundamental challenge is meeting the growing power demand in sustainable and efficient ways. Practicing power plant engineers not only look after operation and maintenance of the plant, but, also look after range of activities including research and development, starting from power generation to environmental aspects of power plants. A Thermal power plant is a power plant where steam is used to drive a steam turbine. This turbine is connected to an electrical generator. After this, the water is condensed, and may be used again. This is known as the Rankine cycle. There are different procedures that can be used to heat the water; this gives different types of thermal power plants. The theory of thermal power station or working of thermal power station is very simple. A power generation plant mainly consists of alternator runs with help of steam turbine. The steam is obtained from high pressure boilers. Thermal Power Plants - Advanced Applications deals with various aspects of a thermal power plant, providing a new dimension to the subject, with focus on operating practices and troubleshooting, as well as technology and design. The book presents reliability-based tools used to define performance of complex systems and introduces the basic concepts of reliability, maintainability and risk analysis aiming at their application as tools for power plant performance. The book is valuable for both undergraduate and research higher degree students, and of course for practicing power plant engineers.

Thermal Power Plants

Thermal Power Plants
Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement

by Xingrang Liu,Ramesh Bansal

  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release : 2016-08-19
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN : 1498708234
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Power Plants: Modeling, Control, and Efficiency Improvement explains how to solve highly complex industry problems regarding identification, control, and optimization through integrating conventional technologies, such as modern control technology, computational intelligence-based multiobjective identification and optimization, distributed computing, and cloud computing with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology. Introducing innovative methods utilized in industrial applications, explored in scientific research, and taught at leading academic universities, this book: Discusses thermal power plant processes and process modeling, energy conservation, performance audits, efficiency improvement modeling, and efficiency optimization supported by high-performance computing integrated with cloud computing Shows how to simulate fossil fuel power plant real-time processes, including boiler, turbine, and generator systems Provides downloadable source codes for use in CORBA C++, MATLAB®, Simulink®, VisSim, Comsol, ANSYS, and ANSYS Fluent modeling software Although the projects in the text focus on industry automation in electrical power engineering, the methods can be applied in other industries, such as concrete and steel production for real-time process identification, control, and optimization.

Energy Audit

Energy Audit
thermal power, combined cycle, and cogeneration plants

by Y. P. Abbi

  • Publisher : The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
  • Release : 2012-01-01
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN : 8179933113
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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The availability of fossil fuels required for power plants is reducing and their costs increasing rapidly. This gives rise to increase in the cost of generation of electricity. But electricity regulators have to control the price of electricity so that consumers are not stressed with high costs. In addition, environmental considerations are forcing power plants to reduce CO2 emissions. Under these circumstances, power plants are constantly under pressure to improve the efficiency of operating plants, and to reduce fuel consumption. In order to progress in this direction, it is important that power plants regularly audit their energy use in terms of the operating plant heat rate and auxiliary power consumption. Energy Audit of Thermal Power, Combined Cycle, and Cogeneration Plants attempts to refresh the fundamentals of the science and engineering of thermal power plants, and establishes its link with the real power plant performance data through case studies, and further developing techno-economics of the energy efficiency improvement measures. This book will rekindle interest in energy audits and analysis of the data for designing and implementation of energy conservation measures on a continuous basis.

Thermal Cycles of Heat Recovery Power Plants

Thermal Cycles of Heat Recovery Power Plants
A Book

by Tangellapalli Srinivas

  • Publisher : Unknown Publisher
  • Release : 2021-03-31
  • Pages : 290
  • ISBN : 9789811803765
  • Language : En, Es, Fr & De
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Thermal Cycles of Heat Recovery Power Plants presents information about thermal power plant cycles suitable for waste heat recovery (WHR) in modern power plants. The author covers five thermal power cycles: organic Rankine cycle (ORC), organic flash cycle (OFC), Kalina cycle (KC), steam Rankine cycle (SRC) and steam flash cycle (SFC) with the working fluids of R123, R124, R134a, R245fa, R717 and R407C. The handbook helps the reader to understand the latest power plant technologies suitable for utilizing the waste heat generated by thermal industrial processes. Key Features: - Comprehensive modeling, simulation, analysis and optimization of 5 power cycle types with different working fluids - Clear information about the processes and solutions of thermal power cycles to augment the power generation with improved energy conversion. - Simple, reader friendly presentation - bibliographic references after each chapter for further reading This handbook is suitable for engineering students in degree courses and professionals in training programs who require resources on advanced thermal power plant operation and optimal waste heat recovery processes, respectively. It is also a handy reference for energy conversion efficiency in heat recovery power plants. The book is also of interest to any researchers interested in industrial applications of thermodynamic processes.